Skip to main content

Full text of "Theron and Aspasio: Or, A Series of Dialogues and Letters, Upon the Most Important and ..."

See other formats

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/ 


Tappan Presbuterlan Association 


f Presented by Mrs. Atterbury. 3 

^ I From Libraru o! Rev. John G. fltierburtj, D.D. : 



' \ 

S ! > 




s'e R I E S 

O F 



L E T T E R S, 


Moft Important and Inter effing Subjects. 


By JAMES H E R V E Y, A. M. 
. Late Reftor of JVeJlan-FirotUy in Northampton/hire. 

The Memorial of thine abu&dant Kindn^fs Jbtdl be Jhrwed^ 
. and Menjhedlfing of /i&y Rightcoufnefs. FfaL cxlv. 7. 

^ Q j^ J 

- - . "» - - - - 


^' ■ ' ' " iiii.^ 


Printed by Charles Rivington, 

For John and Francis Rivington, at the Biib 
and Crotwif in St, Pom^s Churchward. 



T O 

The Right Honourable 

Lady Fra:nces Shirley- 


I F Chriftianity was inconfiftent 
with true Politenefs, or pre- 
judicial to real Happinefs, 1 
fliould be extremely injudi- 
cious, and inexcufably ungrateful, in pre- 
fenting thefe Effays to your Lao v' ^ . 
But as the Religion of JESUS io :it\ 
grand Ornament of our Nature, and ti 
A 2 Source 


Source of the fublimeft Joy, the Purport 
of the following Pages cannot be unwor- 
thy the Countenance and Proteftion of 
the moji accomplijhed Perfon, Neither 
can there be a Wifli, more fuitable to 
the Obligations or the Diftates of a grate^ 
ful Heart, than that You may experience 
what You read, and be what You pa- 

Dip Religion coniift in aj^rw^/ Round 
cf external Obfervances, or ^forced Sub- 
miffion to fome rigorous Aufterities, I 
fhould not fcruple to join with the Infi- 
del and the Senfualift, to dread it in one 
View, and to defpife it in another. You 
need not be informed. Madam, that 
it is as much fuperior to all fuch low 
2X\^ forbidding Singularities, as the Hea- 
vens are higher than the Earth. It is 
defcribed by an Author, who learnt its 
Theory in the Regions of Paradife, and 
who difplayed its Efficacy in his own 



lap^ ,e?ccp(iplary Cgnverfation — It is thus 
4cfcritl?e4. l?y that iocomparable Author; 
Xie^ Kingdom of GOD^ is not Meat and 
Drini, hut Rigbteoufnefs, and Peace ^ and 
Joy in the HOLT GHOST. 

To be reconciled to the Omnipotent 
GOD — To be interefted in the unfearch- 
able Riches of CHRIST^To be je- 
nqwed in our Hearts^ and influenced ia 
our Lives, by the fanftifying Operations 
of the Divine SPIRIT— This is evan- 
gelicai Righteoufnefs. This is genuine 
Religion. This, Madam, is the King- 
dom of GOD eftabliftied in the Soul.— 
How benign aad inviting is fuch an In- 
ilitution ! How honourable and advanta- 
geous fiich a State ! And from fuch Pri- 
vileges, what other EiFedts can flow, 
but that Feacey which pajjeth all Under-- 
funding? That 3^^^, which is unfpeakable 
and glorious ? 

A3 Is 


Is there any Thing in the Amufements 
of the Gay, and Purfuits of the Ambitious^ 
of greater, of equal, of comparable Va- 
lue ? Is not all that Wealth can purchafc^ 
all that Grandeur can beftow, fomewhat 
like thofc glittering Bubbles, which when 
viewed are Emptinefs, when grafped are 
Nothing? Whereas, the Comforts, the 
Benefits, the Hopes of Chriftianity, are 
at once fupremely excellent, and infinitely 
durable. A Portion, fuiled to the Dig- 
nity of a rational Soul -, large as its Fa- 
culties, and immortal as its Being. 

All thefe Bleffings are centered in 
CHRIST I were purchafed by CHRIST^r 
are communicated from CHRIST. — 
It is for want of knowing thofe bound - 
lefs and everlafling Treafures of pardon* 
ingy jyftifytngy faving Merit, which the 


i>£ D r c At toisr. v^ 

and which He freely dilpcnfes even to 
Sinners, that fo many unthinking Perfons 
are attached to ignoble Objedls, and be- 
guiled by delufory Pleafurcs. Vnhapfy 
Creatures ! What can they do, but catch 
at Shadows, and ftoop to Trifles, while 
they are ignorant of the grand, the fub-* 
ftantiai, the exalted Good?— It is for 
want of duly attending to that Fulnefs of 
Grace, and that Plenteoufnefs of Re- 
demption, which dwell in our moft 
adorable SAVIOUR, that fo liiany 
ferious Perfons are Strangers to the Tran- 
quility and Sweetnefs of Religion : are 
fubje(3: . to all its Reftraints, but enjoy 
few, if any of its Delights. ^Mijiaken 
Zealots ! How can they avoid the gloomy 
Situation and the uncomfortable Cir- 
cumftance, fo long as they withdraw 
themfelves from the SUN OF RIGH- 
TEOUSNESS and his all-ch^aring 
Beams ? 

A 4 Ma 



May your Ladyship live contmu-* 
ally under his heavenly Light and healing 
Wings 1 Be more fully affurcd of his dy- 
ing Love, and have brighter, ftill brighter 
Manifeftations of his immenfe Perfec- 
tions ! By thefc delightful Views, and by 
that precious Faith, may your Heart be 
transformed into his boly^ his amiable, his 
divine Image ! Your Happinefs will then 
be juft fuch as is wifhed, but far greater 
V tKan can be expreffed by. 

M A D A M» 

Tour mofi obliged, and 

Mojl obedient humble Servant, 

Jan. 6, I75S- 

James Hervey, 

P R E F A C E. 

^HE Reader will probably expeSt 
fomi Account of the enfuing JVork ; 
and^ to gratify Him in this Par- 
ticulary will be a re^l Pleafure to 
the Author, 

^he Beauty and Excellency of the Sfcripturcs 
— T2^^ Ruin and Depravity of human Nature 
• — Its happ Recovery, founded on the Atone- 
ment, and effe£led by the SPIRIT (?/ CHRIST 
^^Thefe are fome of the chief Points^ vindi- 
cated^ illujiratedj and applied in the following 
Sheets. — But the grand Article, that which 
makes the principal Figure, is the imputed 
Righteousness of our divine LORD\ 
from whence arifes our Jufiification before GOD, 
and our renewed Tifle to every heavenly Blef 
4 f^^ 

^ P ft E F A C E» 

fitg. An Article^ wbicby though eminent for 
its Importance^ feems to be tittle underftood^ and 
lefs regarded \ if not much mifiakenj and almoft 
forgotten. : 

^he Importance of this great evangelical 
Do£lrine — how worthy ii is of the moft at^ 
ientive Conftderation^ and of univerfal Ac^ 
teptantx — is hinted in the, fecond Dialogue^. 
So thai I needy in this Place, do nothing more^ 
than give the Senfe of a Paffage from Witfius^ 
^bich is there introduced in the Notes. — " The 
** BaSlrine of Juftification, fays that excellent 
** Author, fpreads itfelf through the whole 
*« Syftem of Divinity. As this is either folidfy 
«' eftablijhedy or fuperficially touched \ fully 
^^ ftatedy or Jlightly difmijjed'y accordingly ^ the 
^* whole StruHure of Religion^ either rifes 
'K graceful and magnificent , fuperior to Affault, 
^' and beyond the Power of Decay ; or Mfe it 
** appears difproportionate and defeSfive, totters 
** on its Foundation^ and threatens an opprohious 
^^ Fall*.'' 

The Deftgn is executed in the Forra of Dia- 
icgue. Thofo Parts only excepted^ in which it 
-was net ecify to carry on a Converfationy and 
affign to each Perfon a .proper Degree of Signi- 
ficancy. Here, to avoid the common Imputa- 
tion, of bringing upQn the Stage a Mute or a 


• Sec p. ^i^ (>(>* 


Sliadow — one who fights without Waepcns^ mi 
fubmits without a Cmtefi — the Scene Jhifts^ 
Our Gentlemen feparate -, andy inftead of em-^ 
'verfingy enter upon an epiftolary Correfpon-^ 

The THaUgut Form feemsy on many Con^-- 
r^tionsy €t very eligible Way of Writing. — Here-^ 
hy^ the Author gives an Jir both of Dignuty 
and of Modefiy to his Sentiments. Of Dignity 5 
ly deli'oering them from the Months of Perfons^ 
in every refpeSi fuperior to Himfelf Of Mo- 
defty, becaufe We no longer conjider Him iit 
the raifedy bat invidious Capacity of a Teacher, 
Infiead of calling Us to his Feet, and diHatzT^ 
his PreceptSy He gratifies our Curiofity, He' 
turns back a Curtain^ and admits Us t^ fom 
remarkable Interviews'^ or interejiing Confer 
fences. We over-hear ^ by a kind of inno£€nt or' 
imagi?tary Stealth, the Debates which pafi at 
the Receffes of Privacy ; which are carried osLf 
with the mofi unreferved Freedom of Spee^h^ 
and Opennefs of Heart. — A Gr^wnfiance, wbidr 
will zpologizt for fome Peculiarities, that might 
otherwife be inconfijient with Hm7ulity, or ofikn- 
Jive to Delicacy, Particularly, it may obviate 
the Difgufl, which generally, and indeed defer- 
vedly, attends the frequent Intrufion of that /z«?- 
bitious and ufurping little Monofyllalle, I. 




*Tbe Names of the Perfons are prefixed^ each 
to his r^fpeifive Share of She Difcourfei im Imi^ 
tation of Cicero, and for the Reafons which he 
ajjigns. Quafi enim ipfo$ induxl ioqueotcs : 
ne Ifupiam & Inqmt faepiu^ interponercntur. 
Atque id eo feci, qt t^uiqu^n:! piiaeientibus 
coram haberi Sermo videretur *. This ACtr 
tbody He very jujify intimates ^ is rmftved far- 
tbefi from the Narrative^ and makes the nearefi 
Approaches to Life and Reality* // quite fe^ 
aretes the Author \ and^. by introducing the Per- 
fons themfehes^ renders all that pajfes entirsfy 
their own. — It prevents likewife the Repetition 
of tbofe interlocutory WordSj He faid. He 
replied. JFbichy unlefs the Speeches are very 
long J muft frequently recur ^ and have no pleaf- 
ing EffeU upon the Ear. And if the SpjNSches 
are long, the Spirit of Converfation is kfi. The 
Ajfociates are no longer talking j iut one of them^ 
cr the Author^ is lefturing. 

Though I have fo much to fay in Behalf of 
the Modcly I have very little to fay with re- 
gard to the Execution — unlefs it he to conjefs 
the Deficiency. There is not^ I am fenfible^ 
that peculiar Air and diftinguiftiing Tum^ 
which fhould mark and cbaraSerize each 
Speaker. This is what the Nature of finijhed 
Dialogue requires^, and what* the Author ap- 


phuis in fome very fuperior JVrifers. Buty 
mf^haiHng fie MiUty to copy it^ He has not the 
V&nity to affe£tit. — Nevertbelefs^ the attentive 
rRi^adir wHij oH aldngj perceive a Difference in 
)ffe Senfiment, if not in the Language. The 
Materials vary^ even when they run into the 
farm MmUj and take the fame Form. — In the 
Di^im alfo there nrnft be fome Diverjtty. Be- 
caufe^ ^eral of the ObjeEtions are propofed in 
ihe^ very W<irA$ of one or two eminent Writers^ 
^nvbo^Mve appeafed m the other Side of the 
^eftion. Tbefi are not particularized by the 
Mark of Station ; becaufe, the Man of Read- 
ing ^mU have no Occafton for the Afftfiance of 
fuch em Indesii^ and the Man of Tafte will 
probabfy difcem them by the Singularity of the 
Style. ^ 

Some of the following Pieces^ it muji be ac- 
Jmowledged^ are of the controverfial Kind. 
A Species of Writings leaft fufceptihle of the 
Graces^ which embdlijhCompofttion\ &r rather 
moft dejiitute of the AttraHivesy which engage 
Attention^ and create Delight. — Tet Ihavefome- 
times thought^ that it is not abfolutely i7npoffible^ 
to make even the ftern Face of Controverfy 
wear a Smile ; and to reap fome valuable Fruity 
from the rugged Furrows of Difputation. 
Whether 'this is effeSled in the prefent U^ork» 
the Public muJi judge ; that it has been at- 


tempted, the Author may be permitted to de- 

2V foften the Afperities of Argument ^ Viewg 
4^f Nature are interfperfed. Thaty if the for-* 
• merfbmld carry the Appearance of a rude entangled 
Forefty or of a frowning gloomy Recefs^ there may 
iefme agreeable Openings, and lightfome Ave- 
' nues, ta admit a ProfpeSl of the Country : which 
is ahmys arrayed in Charms^ and never fails t9 
pknje. . 

^be Author confeffes a very peculiar Fond- 
nefs for the amiable Scenes of Creation. It is 
therefore riot at all improbable^ but his Excur^ 
Jicns on this "Topic may be of the difFufive Kindy 
and his Defcriptions fomewbat luxuriant. // is 
lopedy however^ that the benevolent Redder 
will indulge Him in this favourite Foible. — If 
Any pouldfeel the fame prevailing Faffion for the 
Beauties of Nature^ *tis pofftble thefe Perfons may 
he inclined, ',iot C7ily to excufe, but to approve 
the Fault \ end may take Fart nioith the Lover^ 
even in Oppcfaion to the Critic. 

Farther to drjerj}fy the Piece, Sketches of 
Phi'c-oplr/ nre introduced. Eafy to be under- 
Jlovd^ find calculated to entertain the Imagina- 
' lion^ as well as to improve the Heart. More 
p:iy:li:dar'ly^ to difplay the w\St ^/ij beneficent 
I^c/ign of Providence^ in the various Appearan- 
i:s and numberlcfs PrcduSHons of the material 
5 IVorll 

PREFACE, 3^1^ 

WorU. Neither are tbefe Remarks altogether 
foreign to the main Point. Buty as far as the 
Wonders of Creation may comfort with theRsch^ 
of Grace J fubferve the general End. 

As to the Choice (f my Subje3s — Some Peofde 
have dejired to fee an InveSiive^ againft the ft- 
fhionablc and predominant Vices of the Age. 
iThiSy I apprehend, ivould be like picking off the 
leaves, or clipping away the Twigs, from fome 
over-grown and noxious Tree. Waving this te- 
dious and ineffectual Toil, I would rather lay the 
Axe to the Root. Let the Knowledge and Love 
of CHRIST take place in the Heart, and not 
^nly a few of the Branches, hut the whole Body 
pf Sin will fall at once. 

Some would have the Author infiji upon the 
emfcientious Ohfervation of the Sabbath, incul- 
cate the daily Worfhip of GOD in the Family ^ 
and urge a devout Attendance on the public Ordi* 
nances of Religion. — But ijQhen a Perfon is con- 
vinced of Sin, and made fenjible of Mifery ', when 
he has tafted the good Word of GOD *, aad 
feen by Faith the LORD's CHRIST f. 
He will want no Solicitation or Incitement^ to 
thefe Means of Grace, and Exercifes of Godli- 
nefs. He will have juji the fame Difpojition to 
them allj as the hungry Appetite has to whole- 

• Heb. vi. 5. f Luke li. 26*. 

3tvi F R E F A C E. 

fome foody or the new-born Babe * to the Mlk 
of the Breif/t. 

Others may imagine^ that I have negkSed 
the Inter efts of Morality ; hecaufe^ here is no 
frofejjfd Attempt to delineate its Duties^ or en- 
force its Prallice, — Let thefe Perfins remimhefy 
that Morality never makes fucb vigorous ShootSy 
. never produces fuch generous Fruity as when en- 
grafted en evangelical Principles. — And if I do 
7U)t crop the Pinky the Rofe^ and the Carnation ; 
if I do not gather the Peachy the NeilarinCy and 
the Pine-apple -, and put them into my Reader's 
Handy for his immediate Enjoy thent : I am en- 
deatouring to fow the Seeds, and plant the 
Roots, in his Garden ; whichy if 'cherifhed iy 
' the favobraile Influence' of Heaveny will yield 
Himy not an occafional, hut a conftant Si^ 
ply of all. 

• iPet.W.t. This Comparifon is, perhaps, the moft 
exaS and txprejfi've, that Word| can form, or Fancy 
conceive. Babes covet nothing but the Milk of the 
B'reail:. They are indiflTei'ent about all other Things. 
Give them Riches, give th^m Honour8,.glve them what- 
ever you pleafe, without this rich, delicious, balmy 
Nutriment, they will not, they cannot be fatisSed. — 
How finely does this ilkiilrate, and how forcibly incul- 
cate, what our LORD ftiles. The Jingle Eye, and Tbe 
Ortf Thing needful! Or, the falutary Doftriiies, and dc-. 
lightful Privileges of the Gofpel ; together with that 
fupreme Valu^ for them, and undivided Complacency 
in them, which are the diftinguifliing CharaQ:cr of tk 
Cbrtftian / 



As federal Texts of Scripture come under Con- 
JUeratimj Criticifms upon the Original are fre- 
guentfy fidjoined. In order to clear up fame 
Difficiflties^ to rectify feme Ji^anJlationSj ^r 
point out the manj^ delicate and mafterly Strokes^ 
which occur in the B i b t e. — And glad Jhould 
I be^ ixtrmely glady if I wight recommend and 
endear that invaluable B^ok. If^ as" the Divine 
REDEEMER ridcth oa in the Word of 
Truth, of Meeknefs, and Righteoufnefs *, 
this Hand might Jcatter a Palm Branch j or this 
Terformance might lie as a Floweret^ to Jirew his 
Way f , and folemnize his Triumph. 
. In the Courfe of the Dijputation^ I dare not 
fuppofcj that I have difcujfed all the Argu- 
ments, which Sagacity mqy devife^ or Sopbijiry 
urge. Per haps y I have not removed all the 
Scruples, which may awaken Prejudice^ or em- 
barrafs Integrity. This^ however j I may ven- 
ture to affirm^ that Ingfelf home met with no 
confiderable ObjeStion^ which is not either ex- 
frefly anfweredy or virtually refutedy in thefe 
Conferences. — Andy though I Jhould neither fa- 
tisfy nor Jiknce the GainfayeVy I fball think my 
Endeavours happily employedy if they may 
throw Light upon the dim Apprehei/^n \ eftablijb 
the wavering Faith ; or comfort the affiifted 
Vol. La If 

* Pfal. xlv. 4. t Alluding to Matt. xxi. S. 

xvrti P R, E. F A C , E;.. 

\ < t r: n » 

If ar^ Jhould burkfgue ok, ridicule tbefe,,v fi- 
tter aile ^ruths^ and exalted Privi^e^iSj^ I Jhail 
o^f^Tf with mypivim MASTSRi 6\ that 
Thou liai^ft known, in this^ thy f)ay:^ the, 
Things \hat belong "to^ thy Peace ! But .now 
tliey are hid, // is evident from fuck f» ^r^^^- 
durej they are hid from thine Eyes ^.-^SbouU 
any, in the\Spirit qf pcctncy , and JCkn^or^ 
fttherfiah newy or revive 6IdOhje£iipnSy Jdouil 
nofy hut^they^'^iUWiceive both a due Examina- 
tion and a proper Reply. Astbefe DoSrines en- 
ter into the very Effence of. the Gojpel, and eon^ 
Jthute the Glory of our Religion, they can never 
v>ant a Succejfion of Advocates^ fo long as the 
Sun and Moon endure^-^^For my own part, I mji 
hg leave to retire from the Ltjts, andjay dov^n 
the IFeapons of Controverfy. VirgU'j Langu^c 
is my Refolutioni ' . •. 

Difcedam^ explebo Numerum, reddarque 
Tenebris. ' 

ms Declaration is mad^, not from any the 
leaji SuJpicioHi. that ,ffiy Te^tets are indefcn-' 
fibk •, but becaufe I would apprize nr^ Friends j 
and the Friends . of ^ottr comnon Chrtf^ianity, 
that the: Field is. dear ^and open for them U 
advance y that.I r^n^ to others the glorious 
- - Cofii- 

P K K "F A C E. xix 1 

. - • .;, /■ f ;i - ' * ^ . .» ■' ■ '•••••» ^ i 

tommi mi Jh(M\ content myfelf, wit^ wijh- j 

J^Secai^eJ, 'it iecmes a Perjbn in . «ry d^cljny 
ing ^^^^^ to\by^ini)rep€cutiar^ upm 

Jure ,tfi ^overcome^^ am never allows Sluarlter^ 
Tetl 'hyi ihi^ Word of my. Teftimony, an4 
by' th^ Wpd of the L A M B *, / pope io^ 
inutnphlfven ^iioljfnl fall\ andjo he.mor^ than 
^C^erc^y [fbtou^ jEHOyAH vt\j Righ- 
teouinefs.,' ' ... \ 

' Shoutdjany J'hing. be urgidy forcible enough 
to hvetibrow my Arguments^ or deteS a Mif- 
take in my Sentiments^ the florid may depend 
upon Jeeinga fret ^^»i/ undififembled ^^/r/?f- 
iation.^ ' J ^attlosk iiponit as a Duty^, which I 
Sw^ to f}ry Confcience^ to my Readers^ and to 
^ GODy publicly to acknowledge the Error, 
^—:It,,ispne ^hing to be filent^ anoth^ to be 
bbttinate. As I -Jhall inflexibly adhere ^ to the 
flfft ; 1 wouidi ^ with equal Steadinefs^ renounce 
the la^ .Though I withdraw fnm the Strife 
of Pens, and of 'Tonguesy I JhaU take care to 
preferve a Miftd^ evef ^accejjible to Truths ever 
open to Qonvi^im^ A Mindj if^flnitely more 
concerned for :the Purity and Profperity of the 
mjerlafting Gamely than for the Prevalence of 
a 1 fftf 

» Rev. xii% II* 


f»y own Opinion^ or tU Credit of fttf dwn Ptr- 
formam^ . 

Js I bam the flaj^inejs of leifig a M^her^ 
4md the Honour, of being a MniftiTj of the re- 
formed cftablifticd CharcH 5 / cannoit \ but ri- 
fie^^i mtb a peculiar VJeafure^ ihat &oei^ 
t)oSirine of Note^ . maintained in ihefe Dta- 
Jpguof and Letters^ ^s eilber implied in ptirlJr 
tiirgy, ajferted in ,our Articles, or tOMgbt in 
our Homilies.—.// affords me Ukewife fome De- 
gree of SatisfaSion to obferve^^ that the mojl fha-^ 
ierial of the Sentiments j have been adapted by 
Milton ; are incorporated into bis Faradife Loft ; 
and add Dignity to the fublimeji Poem in The 
JVorld.^^To have the bigbeft human Authority^ 
tind the firft Genius of the Nation on a Writer's 
Sidey is no contemptible Support. This muji furely 
give a SanSlion^ where-ever our religious Efta- 
hYifhm^iit is reverenced^ or polite Literature is 
held in Repute. Yet even 'ibis Sanation, com- 
pared with the Oracle of^ Revelation^ is onfy like 
a Range of Cyphers^ - connected with the initial 
Figure. JVhich^ were they detached, would 'be 
infignifcant 'y but^ f» y«^i& ^ Subordination, are; 

Perhaps^ it Jhould be farther acknowledged^ 
that I have not always confined myfelf to the 
Method of our Syftematic Writers^ nor followed 
their *Train of Thoughts with a fcrupulous Re- 




gularity. I would conduit ffry Fettow-creature 
to the fufreme and eternal Good^ CHRIST 
J.E S U S. ' / barue cbofen She Path^ ' which 
fiemdppA agreeable and inviting, rather than 
woft be(iten and frequented. ' If this leads^ with 
equal Certainty J , to the great and dejirable End^ 
J dare p^onujemy^^^ an eafy Excufe. Hiriveveri 
that Methc^ <?«^ Order, in tbe^ doflrinal Tarts 
cftbePlany are not wholly negleSledy the foUow^ 
trig Summary of Contents niefy fiiew. 

a 3 


{ xxiii ] 



VOL. I. 


/CHARACTER of the Speakers-^n improving 
Converfatien — Elegance^ Dignity j and ftngular 
Ufefulnefs of the Scriptures. 

D, I A L O G U E II. 

Walk through the Gardens — The beautiful Frame 
and beneficial Ordination of Things-r^Pxeparatory Dif- 
courfe on the Imputation of CHKl^T^s Righteouf- 
ngfi — Meaning of the Terms fettled. 


Walk through a Meadow— Do^rine of CHRIST'^ 
SatisfaHion Jlated — Cmftdered as a Redemption-Pricey 
and as a Sacrifice for Sin — Varioufly typefied under the 
Mofaic Dtfpenfaiion. 

a 4 

D I A- 

xxiv CON T E NTS. 


Park and romantic Mount— C H R TS T'j Death 
farther conjideredy as the very Puntfimint^ which dur 
Sins deferved-^Ohje^ionsy antient and modern^ an- 
fweredr-^The Whole Jummed up and improved. 

D I A L O G tr E V. 

Elegant Arbour in the Flower-Garden-^Imputation of 
C H R I S T'j Righteoufnefi^Objeaions from Reafin 

D I A L O G U E VI. 

Gallery of Piifures — Library and its Furniture"^ 
A fordid Tafie in Painting cenfured; a more graceful 
Manner difplaysd— Imputation ^/ CHRIS T'i Righ- 
teoufnefs refumed-^-'^jeaions from Scripure urged and 


IJ^-making — Pleafares of Nature freely enjoycd^^ 
BleJJings of Grace beftowed with equal Freenefs — ^The« 
ion's Plan of Acceptance with G0D\ con/ifls of Sin- 
cerity^ Repentince^ and good Worh^- recommended by 
the Merits of CHRIST — T^^/V Jhewn to be a 
fcAfi Poundation.-^No fuch Thing as a good JVork^ till 
Wi ar^ dccept^d through the REDE^EMER. 

D I A- 


D I«A to Q U E, VJIL 

'J^^Blling^Jniplqdverfi^m:^^m the Pra^e — Spirit 
, tuality> and: ExtenVef th Divinf Law^hfinife Purity 


D I A L O G U E IX. 

Curious Summer-hauji — No- Rdaxation' of the Di- 
vine LaWy a^ to the Precept ,or the Pcjfalty-^Its in" 
fiexihle iStriifnefs, arid principal Ends. • 


Theron'j loft Effort to demolijh the evangelical 
Scheme of Jujiification — Among other Obje^ions^ more 
refined and plaufthle than the^phcedingi He Jirenuoufly 
infijisy that Faith is our.fUghteoufneJi. — Review of the 
Whole. '/■ ] ■ "' ■' ' ' ' ^ 

' ' ' ' * «■•.,*. * • ■» ■ 

A b I A L O G.UE^XL ' ^ 

^ . . . :■ ; • : ^^ : ' •• » 

Ruins of "Rzhylpn—Fine Pajage^ fro^ Mr.^ JHovic 
'^Depravity and Ruin of human N^ture.^^ as they are 
reprefented in Scripture — Applied^ with a View to de^ 
termine thp yet dubious Enquiry. 

D I A- 


xmr C •D-N/rr-vE^N'-T'^S,'' 

DI A io G U'E^XII. 

Extremely [hat Da^ — JL foJ^nm Jhady Bower^-'Ttfti^. „ 
Meihoi of deriving Benefit from the GidXHd'^-^The *^ 
woTtderful Structure and Oecamiiiy.oftbebumifnfiody*.^^ 

D I A L.OXJ U 5 XHh 

Walk u^m^ the X^r^^ce^^Deftrtmity tf humtiM^Nn- 
turf% t^id^mafuLpX^iHdfrom Experiefinet-ilfes of the 
DoHrinej and its Subfervieney tdi the grand Paint* ; • 

D I A LO is U E XIV. 

Thecorf ahnk in the fields — fits Solthquy 6n the 
Charms ef rural ^atwn^'^His RefleSlions dn the paji 
Cmferences — ^Afpafio reinftrees his Arguments for the 
impiit,atim ^ C^Fil^IS^TV JRighte^ufnffs-^Recom' 
mends Self-Examination^ the Keeping of a Diary ^ and 
Pvi^Ser forth enligbtning SP/R IT^DepartSy under 
em^ Engagement to xorrefpbnd by Letter-^ . . . . 

L E T T E R I. 

Afpaiib opehs the Correfpondence with fame impor^ 
tmt Articles of Duty\ * deftgned to facilitate Self- Exa- 
mination^ and promote Cohvi^ion of Sin, 


CX> ) N' T E* N .T «; ianil> 

Theron, convinced of the Iniquity of his Life^ ai^ 
theEvilofhisHSartr fiei^ thekeh^tyofabetterRi^h- . 
ieoufyiefs than his own^t>eftres a farther Explanation^^ 
and a fURir Prpof cf the Dohrine under Debate. 

ttr tr r' iii; 

Afpafio ^froyesihe Point -^froTk Hh Liturgy — • the 
Jrticies^fheilomlitf offheC!htirchio/Englznd''^»'ani^ 
the tVritings sf the Patken^ ' '^ 

Ji E T TvE R^ iVi . 

^fp^^CiQ re^e/l(iblij/hes tk^ Tinet^^frpm iU Ssriputres 
of. the Olflfe/iam^ntn \ V' ^ ' ^.,. 

I. E T T E R V. V 

Afpafio relates a reniarkcifle Pannic-^Tirtors of tht ' 
Day of Judgment-^C HRl S T^s Righteottfmfs anet 
• its Imputation^ largely demon/lrated from the New 
TeJiammU . .. .... ^ * 


xxviii CONTENTS. 
V O L. III. 

L E T T E R VI. 

Thcron tahs a curfiryViiw ^f the haUhfili Crea^ 
tim — Tracii the PerfeSfions of Nature^ tbretdgb the 
Earthy Jiry and Fire — Jdmirabk CpnftntSlim^ ""and 
advarOageous EffeHs^ of theft Elements* 


Afpafio takes ocfofion t^ difphy, the no lefs admir^hk 
Perfeaion of CHRIST'^ Righteoufnefi'^Its Prin- 
dple — Extent — Perfeverance. 


AfpaGb defcrihtt a Drought^^MajeJly and Beauty 
tf the Sun, after a Night of Rain — f*^ meritorious 
Excellency d/ C H R I S T 'j Righteonfnefs illuftrated, 
from the Magmficence of his fi^orhy and the Divinity 
of bis Perfon. ^ 


Thtm^'s Ammt of the Wt&^rnCliffs^the Won- 
ders rf ike Oeeanr^and the Benefits of Navigation. 

. . LET- 

^ O NT E N T S: tnx 


Afpafio enumerates the mmh richer Benefiu^refuhing 
from the ImpuMton ^CHRIST'j Rightecufnefi^ 
Shews their happy Influeme^ en Holinefi of Heatt^ and 
Obedience of L^e. 

[I t E T T E R XI. 

1 Afyn&Q^sxempiifief^lhe loft Particular ^ in tm^very 
-menwrable Injhfuia ^''^ BJ^iully^ in ihesQaniU&. If 
Abmham,- *{^/»^ up his &n Ifaac. 

L E T.f E,R XII. . 

• Afpafio touches upon Union with C H Ri S T— /!&w 
defcribedin Smpture-^Its bleffed and glorious Bffe£!s. 

D IJ^ L O G U E XV. 

^hfpi£\0're*QiJit5 Theran-— Theton under Atme^cf 
^^irit -^ Pat^fy fo tixttrtainy , partly to corHf^ his 
Frie^^ Afpafio enlarges upon the Bounty of the 
CRJ^JTORy.Jetth in* the isnimal md vagetaSk 
^orJd^%Jff mew Convert is flow^ of Heart to believe 
Perfect Freenefs^ with which the Evangelical Rigbte^ 
oufnefs is bejiowed. 


HarveJtStene^ — Phlknor'j .Gardens ^^ Statues — 
Gro^e'tf, Ever-Greehs-^GWRIST-and his J^gi* 
teoufnefs. free for Sinners % for the chief of Sinners i 
merely, as Sinners '^ without any good Salifications 

. D I A- 


D I A L O G U E^ XVn, / 

ViiW oftti Countryy through a jmeVtfta^'^t ^- 
MTi of Faith — fs an appropriating ferfuafum^-Af'^ 
fi&dnce of my Tttle^ and a Perfonal Ap'plication, inter 
into its Effence. 

. D I A L O G U K..XVIIL . 

^ (frrHU ittPm-^Ritrmt 'to fir Smmnur^booifo'^ 

lHotivof yind Entouragements io that tncfhileffid Af- 

furance, for which the foregoing Dialogue pleads — 

. Some Obfervaiions on, ijqhat is u/kofty tailed^ the di^ 

re£f and reflex yl^ of Faith. 


A River Voyage-^-^e d'voetfified Projpiif-r^cmpd- 
rative Happinefs — Advantage^ of Peace — A Celebra-' 
iim of the Gofpel and its Bleffings, in a Kind of Rhap^ 
yjrf^— CHRIST V Righieoufnefs applied to every 
Cafe of Diflrefsy^ and e^ery Time of Need. 

-■sviE/..Rr '-'i ■■,■;£•: \^- 

^" F 

D I A 1^ 0,G U E a 

'♦- ♦- '♦■ '•- ♦• •• '*';w '*• ♦ "*-'■ 'v '*' •♦' -T • • •r * 'V '*' '* V V '4' ?>v* ••1^ V '♦' V T ^V V ,V T,W V V 

t> I iiHO G U E I, ' ' >; 

■ -■ • ; 'u -■ ■-■ .'-■, "^ ■' ' ■ :'•■' *;■ • •■ • 

; H E^R^O /N/ was -a-Gehideman of .fine " 
r. Tafte 5- of aj^curate; rather than cxten* ^ 
• %e Reacltogj'^an^pfart^^^ charmed 

•with 'theStiidy of Nature^ ; He traeed • 
the P lajitts' ill their Cpujffes^ :and;jek^ . 
' imined the: Eorjnation' !of the meaii^ft Veg^itayai • 
;,*rt6t racrel)rito*g^atify a.refiiysd G'tiriofity^ but chiefly 
' . tO; cultivate . the/ 'nobler •Principles of Morality^ ^ 

Several Difcoveries: He made^ .ai;id evtrj Dilcoyery 
^ H^ improved, to this iirip6rtaat Endr—to raife in his ^ 
' Mind^ more^^A-i?//^*!/ Apprehenfi6.ns of the Supreme 
BEING-y^and to inlaT^,his AfFe£tions, with a 
dljintcre^ed Bcneyolcncc ; conformable, in forae De- 
cree, to that boundlefs Liberality, which pervades 
and animates the whoie Creation, 

yoV* L . : B - AsPASXOj 


AsFASio> was not without his Share of polite 
Literature, and philofophical Knowledge. He had 
taken a Tour through the Circle of the Sciences ; 
and, having tranfiently furveyed the Productions of 
human Learnings devoted his final Attention to the 
i*ifpired Writings. Thefe He ftudied, with the un- 
biaffed Impartiality of a Critic; yet with the reveren- 
tial Simplicity of a Chriftlan. Thefe He regarded^ 
as the unerring Standard of Duty — the authentic 
Charter of Salvation-^-and the brighteji Mirror of 
the DEITY; affording the mod fatisfafitory and 
fublime Difplay of all tl^e divine Attributes. 

Thefonj was fomcwhat warm in his Temper ; and 
would, upon Occafion, make ufe of a little innocent 
Rallery ;. not to cxpofe his Friend, but to enliven the 
Converfation* Sometimes Jijgaifing his real Senti- 
ments ; in order to fift the Subjeit, or difcover the 
Opinion of others.-— ^^ feldom indulges the hu- 
morous or fatyrical Vein, but argues with Meeknefs 
nf Wifdam *. Never puts on the Appearance of 
Guile, but always fpeak^ the Diiflatcs of his Heart. 

Afpafi^ was on a Vifit at Theron^si Seat, — One 
Evening, when fomc neighbouring Gentlemen were 
juft gone, and had left them alone, the Converfa- 
tion took the following Turn* 


jfjfp. I would always he ready, both to acxnow- 
iedge and applaud, whatever is aihiable in the Con- 


• Mitis Sapkntia Lali, Ho R . 

IS a mod amiable Chara^er, and delicately dr^wn. But 
it is exprefled with greater Strength, and fuperior Jleauty^ 
by the facred Penman ; Let Him JheiM but of a good Con- 
^erfation his Wotis with all the Gentlenefs^ or (ly firpi^l^ 
pf^^fm^ with the very Meekm^s ef Wifdom. J^in . 4ii, 13. 


D I A LOG U E 1, $ 

duft of Others, The Gentlemen, who gave Us 
their Company at Dinner, feem to be all of a dif- 
ferent Charafter. Yet each, i«i hi$ own Way, is 
extremely agreeable. 

Lyfauder has lively Pa^ts, and i^ qfiick at Repartee. 
But He never abufes his Wit, to create Uneafinefs in 
the honeft Heart, or to flufh the modefl Cheek with 
Confufion. — What Solidity of Judgment, and Depth 
of Penetration, appear in Crito / Yet, how free are 
his Difcourfes, from the magifterial Tone, or the 
didlatorial Solemnity l-^Philenpr's Tafte in the pot^ 
lite Arts, is remarkably correft :, yet, without the 
leaft Tincture of Vanity, or any weak Fondnefs for 
Applaufe. He never interrupts the Progrefs, or 
Wrefts the Tppic of Converfation ; in order to flii^^ 
in his particular Province. — Treboniusj I find, has 
fignalized his Valoui* in feveral Campaigns. Thougji 
a Warrior and a Traveler, He gives Himfelf no 
overbearing or oftentatious Airs. In Trebonius^ You 
fee the brave Officer, regulated by all the Decency 
of the Academic, and fweetened with, all the AiBFa- 
bility of the Courtier. 

No one afFeiSs a morofe ReferveyOX aflumes an inif- 
moderate Z(?y«^f//y *. To ehgrofs the Talk, is ty- 
rannical : to feal up the Lips, is.monkifh. Every 
one, therefore, from a Fund of good ISenfc, contri- 
butes his Quota: and each fpeaks, not with an Am* 
B 2 bition 

* Zenp being prcfent, where a Perfon of this loquaci- 
ous Difpofitlon played Himfelf off, faid, with an Air of 
Concern in his Countenance ; / percei<ve^ that poor Getf* 
tleman is ill. He has a *vioient Flux upon Him, The 
Company was alariSQd, and the Rhetorician flopped in 
his Career. Tes j added th/e Philofophcr, The Flu^c is fi 
%iQUnt^ that it has carried hi f San into hh Ton&ue* 


tftion tofet o^Himfelf, but from "a Dcfirc to pleafe 

'the Compahy. 

'\ Ther. Indeed, Afpajioy I think myfclf happy, in 
this accomplifhed Set of Acquaintance. Who add 

'all. the Complaifance and Politenefs of the Gentle- 
man, .to the Benevolence and Fidelity of the Friend. 

' , Their Converfetion is as innocfent as their Tafte 
is refined.-^They l)ave a- noble Abhorrence of Slan- 
der, and deteft the low ungenerous Artifices of De- 
traftipn. — No, loofe Jeft, hj^s either the. Service of 

*tbeir Tongue, or the San^ftion of their Smile. — 
Was You tb be with them, in their freeft Mc- 

'^ments ; You VP^l^ ^^^ir Nbthirig*, that has a Ten- 
cfency to ^rofinenefsy or is any Way injurious to 

^Purity oi Morah?. . Even their Gaiety is' remote 

'from Indecency, and their very Wit free from 
'Gall. ;. • 

Jfp\ .There is but one Qualification wanting, to 
render your ^jTiehfts completely valuable ; and their 
Social Intexviews- a continual. Blefling. . 

' "TIjer: Pray, vlrhat is that ? 

Jfp. A Turn for. more ferious Ccnferences. — 
Their literary Debates are beautiful Sketches, of 

'whatever is curious in the Sciences, or delicate in 
the Arts. * Frgm th.eir Remarks on our national Af- 

'fairs^' and on foreign Occurrences, a Perfon may 
aimoit forrrl aSyfteiii <)f Politics.— ^But, they jiev^r 

"touch upon any Topic^of 'Religion ; never celebrate. 
the fubltTne Perfe/fions of the DEITY ; never il- 

; lu'ltrate tbcTBeautics,' nor enforce the Truths^ — 

[ . ?7^^r. .Fie upon You, Afpafto^ for your unpolite 

.Hint J Who can forbear interrupting the Ha- 

' rangue, which pleads for fuch an outrageous Vio- 

^lation of ^€ Mode^ WhrcK would introduce reli- 
^ ' 6 ^ " ' gious 

D I A LO G U.E, I. 5 

gious T^lk into our^ fafliionable Aflembliea !— How 
h it that You, who, in other Inftances, are a Gen- 
tleman of Refinement, can be fo ftrangely inele- 
gant in this Particular ? 

Jfp. For fuch a Pra£lice, Theron^ -We have no 
inconfiderable Precedents. — ^Thus Socfafes *, the 
wifeft of the Athenian Sages ; thus Scipio f, the 
moft. accpmplifhed. of the i^cw^w Generals, con- 
verfed. — T^hu^ Cicero X^ the Prince of Orators, im- 
proved his elegant Retirement at the Tufculan Villa. 
^ — And Horace ||, thebrighteft Genius in the Court 
of Augujlus^ formed the moft agreeable Hours of his 
Converfation,. upon this very Plan. 

Was I to enumerate all the Patronk of this, for- 
give me if I fay, more honourable Mode; .the moli 
illuftrious. Names of Antiqufty, would appear on 
the Lift. 

Ther* This Pra£Bce, however ejctolled by. the 
philofo'phic Gentry of antient Times ; would make 
a very fmgular Figure, in . the prefent . A'g6. 

Afp. And fliould not the Copy^ after which the 
Generality of Mankind write, be fmgukrly corre<ft? 
Perfons of Tafte arid Diftinftion, are the Pattern 
for general Imitation : are the Copy, in Confor- 
mity to which, the World adjuft their Manners, 
V B 3 and 

* Vid. Socratis Memoraiih'a, per Xenoph* 
. t See Cicero's Diiilogue De AmicJ/ia, in which. we ar« 
informed^ That it was a cuftomary Praflice with Sdpzo, 
with his polite Friend L^Iius, and fome of the moft diltin- 
guifhed Nobility of Rome, to difcourfe upon the Interefts. 
of the Republic, and Immortality ^f the Soul. 
J Vid.' TtifcuL ^itft, . V • ^ 

11 Sucb were the Ifi^terviews, of whicli he Ipeaks^wil^h 
a Kind of Rapture, ' . 

, , _ O No^es Ccetfttqui Deum. 

9 . D I A LOG U E L 

circulate through the fimcAKtmhlj I — ^For myown 
Part, I would neither have our DifcourfejfZwr^rf widf 
Anfterity, nor evapcrate into Impertinence : but 
unite (as a judicious Antient advifes) the Benefits 
of Improvement, with the Blandiihments of Plea- 
fan try ♦. — And as to your polke People ; if they 
<:an fijid moreMufic, in the Magpie's Voioe; than 
in the Nightingale's Note ; I muft own •myfeif akS 
much furprifed at their Ears, as they are at the 
ftrange Man's Face. 

Ther.'Wlxh all your grey-headed Authorities, I 
fancy. You will find very few Profdytes, among the 
Profef&rs of modern Refinement. Faihion is, with 
the World> the- Standard of Morals, as well as of 
Clothes. And He muft be of a very peculiar Turn 
indeed, who would choofe to be I'idioulous laeither. 

Afp. Rather, Theron^ He muft be of a very ^//a»/ 
Turn, who tamely delivers up his Condufb, to be 
moulded by a Fafljion ; which has neither true Ele-r 
gance to dignify it,' nor the Icaft Ufefulnefs to re* 
commend it. .. ^ 

And which*, I befeech You, is moft ridiculous ?— * 
He, who fervilely hnitates every idle Fafhion, and is 
the. very Jpe of corrupt Cuftom ?— Or He, who af* 
iSerts his native Liberty; and refolutely follows, 
where Wifdom and Truth lead the Way. 

Ther. Would you then obtrude religious Dif-f 
courfe, upon every Company? Confider, J/pa/Joy 
what a motley Figure. this' would make.— A Wed* 
ding, and a Sertndn 1-^Quadrille, and St. PW/-— 
The Jaft new Play, and primitive Chriftianity !. 

. ,. \. :.•..••■ J^. 

^'* .flwB quadam IlJecehrd j^ Kfiluptaie utiles, AuL. GfiL. 

D I A LOG U E- I: 09 

AJ^* You know the. Rule,. 2^rfl», which is. given 
by the great "MAS T.E R of our AffcmbUes 5'? 
Caji not your PearUlef ore Swine'''' J^ Some there, are, fo 
immerAsd in Senfiiality, that they can reli{h nothing, 
tiutth&coarfeftHufks of Converfation. Totbeiei 
fieitherofferyour Pearls, nor proftituteyourjntimacy* 

fiuty when Perfons of a liberal Education, and 
elevated Sent!mients*»-when ihefi meet tojgether j 
-why fliould not their Difcourfe be fuitable to the 
Eminence of their Rank, and the Superiority of their 
Genius ? Railed, far above the Level of that trite and 
(ffeminate Strain—** Upon my Honour, the Aftrefi 
** topt her Part. Heavens ! How charmingly iht 
** fung ! How gracefully (he trod the Stage !" 

Ther*, Indeed, my Jfpafio^ I am entirely in your 
Way of Thinking 5 however I have hitherto put on 
the Malk,— The Gift of Speech, is one great Prer ^ 
rogative of our rational Nature. And 'ti^ Pity, 
.that fuch a fuperior Fs^culty,'. jfhould be debafed^to 
the meaneft Purpofes. 

Suppofe, all our ftately Vcffels, which pafs and 
repafs the Ocean, were to carry, out nothing but 
Tinfel, and theatrical Decorations ; were to import 
nothing. but glittering Baubles, and nicely-fanfied 
Toys. .Would fuch a Method of Trading, be well- 
judged in itfelf, or beneficial in its Confequenccs ?— 
Articulate Speech, is the Inftrument of a much nobler 
Commerce J intended totranfmitanddiffufetheTrea* 
fures of the Mind. And will not the Praftice be al- 
together as injudiciausy mufl: not the liTue be infinite- . 
!jr more detrimenteli if this Vehicle of intelledual 
Wealth, is freighted only with pleafing Fopjpcrres ? 

..... \ * JMatt^'ivit. i. . vi .. .- .,: 

IS B I.AI.p<; UE^ h 

• - •VV. _»*/>i ...» 

*^ Halted our n^utual Ediftcationv and been fubier-: 
« vicnt to our CREATOR'S Glory, all loft in 
** Mcrrimenjt and Whim ; or worfe than loft, ij\ 
" Flattery and Detracaion. A Blaniy or a Blct/'-' . 

Tl^er. Fenusj we find, has her zealous Knight-r 
Errants, and Bacchtis his profeffecf Votaries, in al- 
moft every Company. Is it not fhameful and de* 
plprable,- that thc.GOD of- Nature alone, has 
none to aflert his Honour, none to celebrate his 
PerfeSians ? Though He is the Original of all 
Beauty, and the Parent of all Good. 

Whenyl have taken my Morning Walk, anii^ 
J)ews and Flowers j with the Sun fliedding Luftre 
jpiind Him, and unveiling the happy Landfcapc ^ 
how has my Eye been * charnaed, with the lovely 
ProfpeS \ How-has^ my Ear been raviflied, ,with the 
Mufic of the Grove ! Methought, every Note was 
.2L.Trib'uU of Harmony ; and all Nature feemcd one 
£{•07^. Qhorut^ fweUing with the CREATOR'S 
JPraif^.T— But, how has the Sc^ne been reverfed ; 
.wh^j, ' leaving my rural Elyfium, I entered the 
jHaunts .of Men ! Where I faw Faculties divine, 
n>^ah]y engaged in Trifles. Where, I heard the 
-Tongue, prqmpt' to utter,- and fluent toexprefs, 
'every Thing but its MAKE R's Glory. 

I aflure vou, I have often been chagrined on this 
QccafionT ^nd fom^times fald within myfclf; — . 
*.<;.. What ! 'Shall. Try^ibe regarded, and the MA- 
,f^ JESTY of [Heaven neglecfted ? Shall every 
:*' Friend, MU every Vifitant,' receive, his Share of 
. f ' Refpeftt^And no Acknowledgments be paid t©^, 
,*' that incomprehenfibly glorioiis BEING, who 
. ." .is vi^orthy,- more than worthy, of all our Vene- 
^".ration ?'^' ' .••.... 

Afp, Tfi!s\ti!I^e ftill moretiifijftive to an ingenu- 
ous Mind, if we confider,' That the infinite and tttt^ 
•ftal GOD is prefent at all our Interviews :• vouch* 
•fafes to exprefs his Satisfaftton, and acktid^vicdgc 
•Himfdf magnified*; when, with Adrniratlpft atid 
Love, We talk of his tfanfcenA^t Eitcrfkiidei;'^ 
Nay : We are affuredj^ that the Lord of all Lords, 
'not only heafkefis^'but'kefepi a^Book ofR.tmemWAice% 
•and will diftingurfli fuch'Peribns, at the Day of urtf- 
' verfel Retribution . When the loofe Tram of iicent- 
' tious Talkers, are drivenaway asthe defpicableCi^; 
•thiriefllaH be feW<Sled f^i: Ws peeilliapTreafure, and 
-numbered %mong the yi?wrfir^tj£H:aV:AH ^. : 
. Thet, If the<3entlem^ft,^ '(^einafce highPreten- 
iioHs^tfo Rfetfon, think' th^dnfillV^^ difchac^isd from 
thefe- Do Arines of Revelation ; they ibould not'fob- 
-get their- ertvn Scriptures. — 'APhilofopher will teil 
them the Duty of employing their Time, as in^ttiie 
•awfiil Pr'efence* and^iftifder the immedkte Infpec- 
«tioh,-of the Si^reme'BEI J^G f;— An Orat6rvf\\\ 

• fhew them the " egregious Impropriety, .of wafting 
their friendly Interview^, ii^^tlie ]f umes of Drollery, 
or the Froth of Iiiipertinencd ^. ' • ^ - 

. 1 • Mai, iH. 1 6,' ijt -This is a Paflage much. to he 
obferved. A moft emphitical.-R^cojnm^nd^on of re« 
ligious Difcourfcl. Fcrhaps, the raoft emph^aicaU that 
ever- was ufed ; and the moft in^eant^, that can poffibly 
be conceived. j. -. . . .. i 

• t Sit eerte ^vinjendnm hft^ • tanquam in Con&€pu ifi^voMMs .• 
fie cngitandjtm^ tanqvam. aliqifis Jji ,Pe3us ll^kum in^icere 
^pojjit : l^ pot eft. ^idenim profit ah Homn^KUquid ejje fe- 

crettim .^ Nihil Deo clavfum eft. Intereft A/iimis noftrisy H 
, QogitaiioHihtUr mediis 4nter'venit . , S E IJ E c ^ E pift . .8 3. . 

X Cicero fiys, with an Air:^ grdcefijil Indignation j 
^afi tero clar^rumVirorum/iuttadtosCQagYcJfiiseJfiepor^ | 

'teat^ out tudicrds Serrnlsfies^' ^ut l^eriiiiuCdlhquia leviomm. \ 

Academ. Quaeft. Lib. IV, J 


AJ^. Who then, that is wife^ would not habituate 
Himfelf to a Practice j which comes recommended 
hy the Voice of Reafon, and is enforced by the Aur* 
thorityof GOD? A Practice, which will admi^ 
nifter prefini Good — will aflFord pUafing Rmvuws^^ 
and terminate in eo^lafiing Honour f 

. Ther. 'Tis ftrange^ that 6ubje£b, which deftrve 
to be received, as the uaiverfal Topic, are ;admoft 
univerfally bani(hed from our Difcourfe.*-Was this 
Cabinet enriched, with a Series of antiqv^e MedaU, 
or a Collection of the fineft Goms % my Friends woidd 
natuially expeS to be entertained, with a Sight of 
-thofe Rarities, and an Explanation of their Meaning, 
j Why (hould we not as naturally expeA, and as con-- 
flantly agree, to entertain each other with Remarks 
on thofe admirable Curiofities, which are depoilted 
in the boundlefs Mufieum * of the Univcrfe f 

When a General has won forae important Vi<3»ry, 
pr an Admiral has deftroyed the Enemy's Fleet ; 
every Company refpunds with their Achievements; 
every Tongue is the Trumpet of their Fame. And 
why (hould We not celebrate, with equal Delight 
and Ardour, that ALMIGHTY Hand; which 
formed the Structure, and funiifl>ed the Regions, 
of this ftupcndous Syffem ? 

Afp* Efpecially, if to his tmmenfely glorious ^ Wci 
add his fupremely amiable PerfeSions.-— When the 
viAorious Commander is our moft cordial Friend : 
when He has' profeffed the tendereft Love ; done Us 


* Mufaum — Alluding to a remarkable Edifice in the 
City of Oxfords diftinguifhed by this Name ; and appro- 
priated to theKeceptioxx of CurioiUies, both natural and 

thentoftfigRAlGooicli ?o4BWmlWV& a perpetual 
Enjoyment of kis Favours; it will be impofEble to 
neglect fuch an illuftrious aocl gwerous Perfon. Hi» 
J^ame muft b« «»graye» upon x^vr Hearts ; wuft 
Aide infbo&Uy tnto^DUdf T.0«gii»»<Kttnd be as Mafic 
$0 our Ears. .. , . . 

Is not ail this true, and in^die mxxi fuperei^ili|Ciit 
Degree, with rcgairi to the iblcffed GOD ?-^Caia 
{;reater Kindmfshe eocerciffid, or greater Lwt be coiw 
ceived ; than to deliyejf up his own SON t(|> Tore- 
ments and Death, for the ExfGation of our Sins?-«> 
Can BiHifiUy moce ideifrable^. be grantdd ; -*an to 
adopt Us for< his CM<te^ and fandliiy Us by kik 
SPIRIT ?^-Can Pi^mifi^ more invaluabk, be 
made ; than tfhofe, whibh iliAire to IJs the Pi^er^ 
ments of Heaven, andthe Riches o{ Eteriiity .^ 

All this Is attefted, ^concerning- the Almlghl^ 
MAJESTY, in the Scriptures of Truth. What 
a Fund, therrfdr®> ifor pleafing and delicate €on- 
^cr&tioiiy zre^ tit Scriptures f' - - ; 

Ther. Here alfo I have the Pleafure of coftcurrin^ 
with my A[pajvi. Though* 1 believe. He fufpeas 
me to be foniewhat wavering or defetftive, in my 
Veneration for the Scriptures. 

Jj^. No, theron: i hav(e/a better Opinion of 
yoiir Tkffe aiid Difijemment, than to harf>our any 
fuch Sufpicion. ' •' 

Ther. The Scriptures are certi^inly an inexhaufti- 
ble Fund o/ Materials^, for the moft deligljtfiU and 
ennobling Difcourfe. ' When we confider the Aur 
thor of thofe facre4 BqqIcs^ — that they came origir 
Tially from Heavm^wtfQ dilated by divine Wif^ 
dom«-*ave the fame xonfumnmte Excellency, as th^ 
moft finifted Works of Creation.--*It is really fur- 
'3 \ ' ' '- •■prifipj. 

prifing,' that We are. Mt alwaj^ feardung:^ hf 
tStudy^ by Meditation, . or Comverre, into one or 
'iDther of thofe grand^ Votumes. 
. jt/pi When Siti^ preaches, or Murray pleads $ 
afte ChisroH is crouded, and the Bar thronged. WhcA 
litfplays the Graces of Poetry ;. thetPrefs' toils, yet is 
jfearee-ahle to fupply the Demands of«thePMbtic.-^ 
Am We eager to hear, and impatient to purchafei 
4rJiat 4iroceed& from fuch eloquent Tongues,, and 
4nitfierfy.Pehs ?: And can We 1)^ ^0M> indiffirMt^ 
^hm)^^6t thefnoft af:CQBipiilbed.QftA^kiiid-rnot 
^/BbQ^ ^abed. di CxieHUrfcts-T-butl tbd Adorable 
^U/THO;il ;of all W^fdom, fpeaks i4 his x^v^eA 
Wprd? Strange,! jthat.our Attention dpes not^iiqii^ * 
upon- th^ venerable Ac^nt93 aixd our Talk 4wiU 
*$ipon the inf:omparaible'TrutH^ ! 
^^ TChpr. J: admir?, I muft confi^% the^ very Langftage 
pf ^JSible. In this, methi^s, .I;fiifcern a Con- 
formity, between the Book^qf Nature, and. the Bf3(ok 
«f Scripture. ' , , ^ 

; In the BookofNatufc^ the Divine TEACHER 
Ip^aks not barely to our.Ea/s,. but to all our Sejifcs. 
And it is very remarkable, how He varies his Ad- 
^re^l — Obferve his grander .Works. In .thefc, 
^e, ufts.the Style of M^efty. jWe may call^it^jthe 
true Sublime. It ftrikes with Awe, and tranfports'the 
.;•;■. ... -.' ; . Mind. 

!.'. / \ h\ : • • *■ ' ' "f 

* St. Luke^ in his cvaiigelical Hiftory, ufes tKis beau- 
tiflil liflage, «|£xfffxa%. The People hung upon the Lips 
•of their all- wife TEA C H E R. Luke xix. 48. Which 
implies tw6 very ftrong Ideas — an Attention^ thatoothing 
xopld interrupt — and an Eagernefsf . fcarce ever to jji 
Yatisfi'ed. * • ^ . r 

«^ • '' f ■■' Fendetque Uquentis ah Ore. '^Viao. 

USmH-i^Vivm Hh^sif^iMtr 0#(y^>md< I&rei He 
4ercendfitDtaTJaifirrDiftI]b<fti/ lE^^ktrd^yAyeUaneif^ 
tlie fimUar S^« Weistidi^pfpeiiQitd/it with £alb^ 
and attend |o te vniA^ P]Miiifiyu'?;*^nrt)»;s.tno^eor<^^ 
mci^tfd P^rtt i)f^^Cf«iiAten[< K^eV3!(H^.hiAMi^P«t)4 

9ii^dfelighied}j vie-aT^ chantteii AiidiwWiathbi 

. AVariei^i fesi^h^ iwikr^ rUns^ tlnoiightlHl 
SeiJfiHsres.r^Waut} Yi»i^ f^Hi/^r^f, m ^h h^t S^gJi 

y«|j kfefiltil^ljr «Mkii*g;?: S^^Heft o^t^ef!^/ jtws 
Snergy, tk»ii0hiDg'dleiiia^M0ye$a^nte of ibe 8<>^ 
aQ4J^Uliif^iig;0v^ lOttr l^^Sti^i, in: the |Dimitai)k[ 
NftTf a|i5t9 «»f y«i^s^I^M5p*^Tfee Jgif^^tsm^m ^ 
j^^rHt3ierDiftl^fe*i iHcfConv«-fation-piecss of 
Jonaihani and his gallant Friend^ j the fiiemorablo 
Jbwinal <>f A^ Dlfciples- goi<6g |o Emmau^. t > *re 
fiftiftfd'Moddsrof th^^f*j>#««»rf an4-4J&^^ 
{jert^tsmMhing^ftttdifed'} no Flights of PaxK^y i n«t 
£mbfeUqQi'tlient&^o£ Oratory. Yet^ bow iiiftridr f9t 
the Eprfode of M^!^^ ahd'£ffr%&j, though work^ii 
ttp b}^ thfiinoft mafterly Hand in the Wcirld» ta the. 
t^ndifiemfcled artle^ Fervency of Ihefe fcnptui^l 
Sketches II ! 
^oh. L e Are: 

J Luke xxiv. 13, ^c. ^ ...../ ^* : ' 

II Let a Perfon of true Taf!eij>ej^fe * In a critical V^eW, 
the two firft Ghaptera of St, Xi/ifer . . He will there find a 
Seriea of the moft (Ufpixfing lacidQQt9» related wit|^ th^> 
greateft SimpUcityi yet/^with tiie ati^ipft Maje^.^-^Alt 
which, extremely affief^ing tit theipftlve^* are mglftemd. 
and ioumiiuaid^ by a jodicioiis Inttsffittiixture of the fub* 
limeft.Biedea^f iPptti^* Eortmjr Qj^ySarfi .1 kvi/m HQt^ 


Are We pleafed with die Eleration and Digait]^ 
of an Heroic Foitn \ or the Tendemefs and Perplexity 
el a Dr^m^c Performance ? In the Book of Job^ 
they are both united, and both unequal.*- Con- 
formably to the exa^ft Rules «f Art, as the A£tion 
advances, the Ineidents are more alarming, and tiM 
Jtaages -move magnificent. The Language glows, 
and the Pathos fwells. Till, at laft, the DEITY 
Himfelf makes his Entrance. He fpeaks from th« 
Whirlwind^ and fummons the Creation : fummons 
Heaven, and all its fliining Hoft ; the Elements, 
and their pioft wonderful Produdions ; so vouch 
for the Wildom of bis providential Dii^nfktions.— 
Hi& Word ftrikes Terror^ and flafhes Convidbion : 
decides the momentous Contr6verfy, and clofestho 
auguft Drama, with all pofEble Propriety) Solem«- 
Bity^ anAGrandeup. 

If We fometimes choofe a plaintlui Strain ;> f«cii. 
as foftens the* Mind, and induces an agreeable Mt^ 
kinchoiy' ; are any of the antient Tragedies fiiperior^ 
in the Eloquence of Mourning,, to David's pathetic 
Elegy on his beloved Jonathan. * ; tohis-moft paffion*- 
ate aiid inconfolable Moan t, over the lovely butr 


h^ chara6lerize them ioore properly, than I^ S$lo* 
moti% elegant Comparifon.— 7i6(j> are as gold Rings fu nvitki 
'A? -9^gfA. Pn;.^*^ fT^g^ I'uory w>0r'laul <wiih Sa^bines. 
Cantic. V. 14. .^ 

/ ♦. * aSa^i. i. 19,. {iff.. 

f 2 Stint, xviil. 33. The King nuas Tchcmcntly afi^6l- 
6dL (lainO ^^d ^^nt up to the Chamber 9 and'wepi : and as- 
tie nventy He /aid; O ftr^ Sou M/aiomf ng Son., tny Sctt^ 
Mfalomt Wo^ld GO© I had fied fir Thee I .Q Aijhlcm^ 
m San, mf ^9«/*^Sucha Pi&ure; and' fo tnncii Pathos .;> 
»artleikbath, and botH^^fo elK^uii(ite|iIaittiiacknQWH. 

'iJ I A L G tr iE^ L i^ 

vitih^tpT^y jfh/ahm ; or to tltet melodious Woe, which? 
warbles and bleeds, in every Line of JeremiaVi 
Lamentations ? 

' Would we be totertaihed i^itk the dariiig Subli- 
mity of Homer\^ cir the cdrreft Majcfty of Virgil f 
With the expreffive Delicacy of Hc^acij or the rar* 
pid fixcurfions of Pindar ? Behold therti joined, be-* 
hold them ejdcelled, in the Odes of Mofes^ and the 
eudhariftic Hymn of Deborah j in the exfeilted Devo-^ 
tion of the Pfalms, and the glorious Erithufiafin of 
the Prophets. 

Afif. Only with fliis Differeflce, that the formcf 

are iumful Trifers'*^ and amufe the 'Fancy with 

C a empty 

Xed^» I never met with, amon^ all the Representations 
of Dignity in Dillrcfs. — The King's Troops had gained 
a fignal Vidlory. His Crown and his Life were refcued 
from the moft imminent Danger. Yet all the Honour 
and air the Joys of this fucceisfnl Day» were fwallowed 
up jind loft in the News of J^/klom's Death»-«-The New$ 
of Ji/alem^sheSLth, Uruck, like a Dageer, the afHi^ed 
Father.' He ftarts frotn his Seat. He naftens into Re- 
tirement, there to pour Out his Soul in copious Lames-A 
tation. Bat his Anguiih is too impetuous, to bear tL 
Moment's Reftraint. He burfts immediately into a Flood 
of Tears ; and cries, as He departs, O JSJalom, 4^c» 

What fays Mezentius^ when his Son is flain > When, 
to iharpen his Sorrow, the pale Corpfe, the miferable 
Spedadle, is before his £y^S| and within his Arms ^ 
The moft pathetic Word He utters, is 

' I Heu ! ntmc mifird mthi demum 
Exilium infaliXi nunc ahe P^ulnus eidu6lum% 

How languid is Virgil? How inexfrijfivt the Prince of 
Latin Poetry ! compared with the royal Mourner in Ifradt, 
Moft evident, from this and many other Inftances,. is the 
Superiority of the Scriptures, in c<^ying Nature, ajid 
payiting the Paffions. 

* Ludit amalilittr. 

rt o r A c OG VE\h 

tmptr FiAIoo : tbtf Utter are Teachers fenjt btaok 
GOD) and rmkt the Soitl w{/} ttnr^ Salvfiti^.-"^ 
The Bible, is not onry the brighteft Ornament^ 
but the moft iiiyaluable Depofitum. On a right,. 
% pra^cal Knowledge of thefe lively Oracles, de-» 
penda the piefoot Comfort* and the e^dklii Feliciitjr 
«f Mankind* Whatever, therefore, in Study of 
Converfation, has no Conne&ioa with their divine 
Contents ; may be reckoned among the Tcfs of Li- 
terature, or the Cfpbifs of Difcourfe. 

Ther. Here again the Boolrof Scripture, i» feme* 
^hai; iike the M^ganine of Nanire. What can We 
llfl^,.f<H: our Accommodation and Delight, which 
^i»,}^ore-houfe of Conveniences does not' afford ? 
tVhat can We wifh, for our Edification and Im* 
Iproyement, which that Fund of Knoi^dge does 
Xiot fupply ^ Of thefe We may truly affirm, each, 
141 its refpeftive Kind, is profaaUe unto all Things. 
. Are We Admirers of JnUquitf^ ?-*-Here, We ar« 
fed back, "beyond the unrverfal Delifgc, and far be- 
yond the Ifete of 2^y other Annals. — ^We are intro- 
4uced among the eaiHeft Inhabitants of the. Earths 
We take a View of Mankind, in their undifguifed 
primitive Plainnefs \ when the Days of their Life 
yrere but little fliort of a thoufand Tears^-^VT^ are 
i>rought acquainted with the Original of Nations j, 
with the Creation of the World ^^ and with the Birth 
of Timeitfelf. 

Are We delighted with vafl Achievements?-— 
Where is* any Thing comparable to the Miracles in 
Egypty and the Wonders in the Field of JJWwf To 
the Memoirs of the IJraeUteSy pafling through tlje 
Peptbs ©f the Sea j fopumfng amidft the inhofpita-* 
ble Defarts \ and conquering the Kingdom of Ca* 
6 rnxanf 

B I A LO^iJE' i: it 

naemf^-'^Whert fhafl we meet with Inftan<^es of 
#nartial Bravery, equal to theprodigiorus Exploits of 
the yudges j or the adventurous Deed6 of yeffPs va- 
Hant Son, and his matchlefs Band of fForthies*f^-^ 
a^xt^ We behold the fundamental Laws of thetJni- 
verfe,fometimes fufpendcd, fometiines revcrfed : an J 
not only the Current of Jordan^ but tJie^^burfe of 
Kature controuled. In Ihort ; when We eriter the 
Field of Scripture, We tread-^— on enchanted^ flialf 
I fay? rather — on confetraud Ground. , Where 
Aftoni/bment and Awe ire awakenied, at every 
Turn. Where Is 'all, niore than all, the Marve- 
lous of Roinance t ; connefted with all the Preci-r 
fron and S^nrftity of Truth. , - / 

If We want Maxims of Wifdom^ or have a Tiafte 
for the Laconic Style ; how copioufly may our W^t$ 
be ftjppHed, and how delicately our Tafte gratified I 
lEfpecially in the Book of Proverbs, EccMaftes, and 
fome of the minor Prophets.*— Here, are the mdft 
&ge Leflbns of Inftruftion > ad^ted to every Cir- 
cumftance of Lifc^ formed upon the Experieac^ of 
all preceding Ages ; and perfected by the wneiring 
SPIRIT of Infpiration. — ^Thefe delivered,' with 
iuch remarkable Cfencifenefs ; that One might ven- 
ture to fay, ev«y Word is a Sentence J ^ ^t leaft^ 
C 3 evtrf. 

^ 8ee s'Sanu xxiU. S| ii>c. i Chron. nu w, {gT^. 

f ■ ■ Heroum Tatula 'jferis \ \ - 

FincitHr Hijiorils^. 

% What Cicero feid of Thuddideif is more efmiiiAfl^ 
ttttc, coAcernirig our royal Moratlift, and his rich Col- 
*\t6Aon of Ethic* r concerning our erangelital Hlftoniti^^ 
smd thei/ Cdpicus V'M'iety of Fids. Eum tided ep JKfBus . 
j^ti)£tf«Hidnpiej^ Mtt^tt'VirHhmTfmthitti Nhff^df:0' 

zz D I Al- O G U E J- 

every Sentence m^y be calkd an Apoth/egm*» fpark* 
ling with Brightncfs of Thought, or weighty with 
Solidity of Senfe. The Whole, like 9 Profufion of 
peau'ls— ^t7ci& containing, in a very fmall Compafs, 
a Value almoft imiaenfef-itf// heaped up (fis an in<r 
genious Critic fpeaks) with a confufed Ma^nii)-* 
ccnce, above the little Niceties of Order, 

If We look for the Strength of Reafoning, ^n4 
the Warmth of Exhortation : the injinuating Art% 
of genteel A^dref?, or the vianlj Boldnefs of Jm* 
parti?il Reprpof ; ^U the Thunder of the Orator, 
without any of his Oftcnt^tion ; all the Poli^ciiefs 
of the Courtier, without any of his Flattery i — 
Jet Us have Recourfe to the AiSls of the Apoftles, 
and to the EpiiHes of St. Paul *. Thefe are a S^e- 
ftmen^ or rather thefe are the Standard^ of them all. 

I do not wonder, therefore, that a Taftc fp re-s- 
fined, and a Judgment fo corredt as Jili/fons^ fhould 
difccrn higher Attrai^iyes in the Volume of InfpU 


' • Another very remarkable Inft&nce of Propriety in 
Sti PauPs Writings, is. That though diffufivK the doOri^ 
naU they are concift in the prscepttve Parts. Oa the for- 
Tx^, it was abfolutely necedary to -enlarge. On the 
latter, it is always jiidicious to bp Ihort. The celebrate^ 
Rule of Horace^ 

^mcquid pradfies^ efto irevis, 

wa« pcycr more exaftly obferved, nor niorc finely cxcni- 
plified; than by our Apoflolic Author. See that noble 
String of Precepts, i Thef, v. 16, 17, l^c.-^See another 
choice Colledion of the fame Kind, Rom. xii, 9, 10, £^r, 
Jn which thp M^rgy of Ae Did^ion is no lefs admirable 
than the Conclfinys of the Sentence. Airer«ft»iij-''-itp>^^- 
f*«»pi-— ^j^rofj/oi — fi9>7i«-r-'«rf9««fV***^*?'~"^'^''®*'^5 "^ ^® fomc 
of the moil 'jjigprdus Words, that Language can fiji'nifh ; 
^nd form the mpft^^/'/js^ri/ M^^nin^, that Imagination 
c^n conceive. *•*'"* ^ 


D;AtLO'G.UE I. n 

ytttoti) than in the ineft cdrbcsted Atithon »f 
Gree^^ and Rome. 

^ Xet mt th mtre 

' Dkar Sprhg^ w fiHtdfGrwi^ or funky Hill, 
Umit with fht L¥ue of facred Song : but chief 
Thee Sion, and the fUwWy Banks heneathy 
That wajh thy. hallowed Feet^ and warhlingjlppjj^ . 
. . Nightly Jvifu t- * 

!^. Ariother Recommendation oT the Scriptures, 
is, That they afford the moft awful 2SiA moft amidhh 
Maniftftations of the GOD H!E A D. His Glory 
fliines, and bis GoodneFs fmiles, in thofe divine 
Pages, Avlfh iHiparalleled Luftre. — Here, AVe have 
a fatisfaftory Explanation of our own State. The 
Origin of Evil is traced; the Caufe of all our Mjifery 
aifcovercd ; and the'Remedy, the infallible Remedy, 
both clearly (hew:n,.and freely offered.— f-The Merits 
pf the bleeding JESlfS^ lay ,^ firvi JFouodation for 
all our Hopes: while Gratitude *fer his dying Love^ 
fuggefts the moft winning Incitement to tyeryDuty. 
. — Morality, Tberon^ your (and lot me adc^ rmj) ad^* 
mired Morality, is delineated in atl^iits JSffM^ches.* 
Is placed u^on its proper Bafis, and railed to its 
highcftElevatiort.-^The SPIRIT of GOD is 
piomifed, to enligliten the Darknefs ot pur Un* 
derftaiidrhgs, and ftrengthen the ImbeciU^ o$ our 
C 4 WiU^ 

• That 'is, " tfeftiH was ipk^fcd it6 ^udy Ael^eau* 
** ties of the $nt?rtit Poets ; but^his^ Higheft ©elqfht wili 
♦^ in the*Songs 6f 5/tf«; in the hblV 'Scriptures, ^nd ^ 
^ thefe He mcditatlcd Day and Night:*' - ' 

S^iPr. Newton'/ £dH^ 


WiUi, What w ainpl^-^an yw mAilge mify 
o|i this favourite Topic ? 

iTy^fr. It is, I aiTure You, equally pleafing to myfelf, 
your £nlarg;enients, therefore, n«e?! no Apology. 

jf/p. What ami^e PlPOvMbm h made, hjr t^efe 
blefied Bocffcsvfor.^tfoinri^iitMaF Wants 1 i^d, ii} 
this Rafpedl,^ how iiKii^tabU:i». ^ik Supeii^tjr 
to all ot^er Compoikions ! / . 

Is any One convtficed oY Guilty ^zs provoking 
Heaven, and ruining the Soul^-^Let Him afk Rea-^ 
fitly to point out a Means of Reeohciljljtdon, and a 
Refuge of Safety ?. Reafpo hcfiiiate8> ^aa 'She re- 
plies ; " Xhc Di E I T Y tmy^ ^ perhaps, accept ouf 
V Supplnjatioos^ andigfiiaffct ?oxgivpncfs,"— rBut tha 
Scriptures leave Us nt)t to the fed Uncertainty of 
Conje^urc, They jpeak the Language pf clcaf 


"* The Sentimept,..^ys an anoi^ymoas Writer, ihottl4 
have been tjius worded ; ^ Let the guilty Perfon afk h|i 
»' 'Pride."^^irinight;haVc hedii obfervdd'by ^his Writer, 
l^haft the' Words expiffdi/tkerfaiinte^^ of Hopei 

rath:ef than a re4 f^^s^&sxtai a Xhiv^ ajrd^fttly wift44» 
rather than truly believed \^^kefiuH€S'^m(V!f''fprbifs^ 

However, lam willing to acknowledge foine force 
and Propriety in the Remark. It is nOt Reafon, bu| 
Pride under 4he^Ma(k of Reafon, Whicji difbates 'every 
foch.NptlKJn* ii^ciafpn, unbfciidffedjaiid: iflipa^tial, woul4 
g-Qnonp^q thye '^opdat^op of |iifftd Man irremediable, 
That G O P'. being ii^finitejy nolv, ^luft abhor the /»/? 
luie^^ yti^ being infinitely jurt, woiild' irf ho wfe Ipart 
ttiegiiHty'&tem^^^ti i« thtOof^tXy tike Qjjfpel altme^ 
)vhkh<''6pens the Door of»Hoj5e. Opens it, from a moft 
unexpefted Quarter,the Redemption that is in CHR IS T 
-y..E.&U&; .«9jnd ^?poor forlorn W^relches, who ^* in 

fif m^\9^^m^^^^^^ .%^? 9)y^. mmm^ cquid 

#vife^ or their Ofv^j^.v^lgt^ !Wf% : . 

/CflTunince. . Q G D /has. tetfmA aJ^ropitkiliOd « t 
fie ^'fbrgfivie our Iiiiquities f : He sizrif fcgnember 
pur Sins nd mai^ $• • 
' Ac^yf^ affauked by TMiptsuion» or Msarfi to 

erito ikir u{>sdie >f«l4ji<Jkttfit Mm4 ; by difdofing tU 
i>efirmity<}f Vice, Md urging ^iiPitnefiXil Thiiigii 
FeSeble Expedi^its ! Juft as w^l xralcvSated, taaot 
cofnpli(h the £nJs f A>poied ; a$ the 'flimfy FortHica** 
tioh of a CcAvtfb, :^. defend Us irom <he Batl of m 
Cannon ; or, aa ^e gemie Vibrafioss -mi a Lady'a 
Fan, to mttkeaW4|id-1>TO||ffl5avyJfia.--TbeiBible 
reoomniesd« n^o Aic^ incompetent Siki<:ottr$. HUfy 
Orace^ %« i|$ Ahniglity AUT-HOJl^ isfuJUhni 
fir Thee lH^—Stfi/Ml nH have^Dmifttdndvir 3^« §.--• 
The great JE H O V A H, in whom i« everlafting 
Strength, He W9rhtb in Ufy b^ib 4q wil/j knJ to ddy 
9f his g$o4^Phitfurf 4. 

Should Vf^ be villted with Sieknefs^ or overtaken 
Vy any Qa/amity^ the Confolation which Plato offers, 
Js^; That fuch Difpehfations coincide with the uni- 
VerfsQ Plan of Divine Government. Ftrgil will tell 
Us, fqs our Relief; That afHiflivc Vifitants are^ 
more or lefs, the unavoidable Lot of all Mea. Ano- 
thfUrMoralift whifpefs i^ the dejected SuiFerer's Ear, 
«*;Iisipatience adds to the Load: whereas, a -calm 
^? $abmiffiofi j;ender8 it more lj4ppbrtablc/'— Does 
the Word of Revelation difpenfe fiich fpiri^efi an4 
fugitive Cordials : No : , Thofe facred Pages inform 
Us, That Tribulations are fatherly Chaftifem^nts 5 
Tokens of our MAKE R's Love, and Fruits of 

' .• ^;'^-" . . . . • ^ ^^ 

* Rom. ill. 25,^ ,. ,f .?(aj, ciii, ^. \ Heb. viii, 12, 
II ^.Cor.^ii* 9, % Rom. vi. 14. + "PhiL ii. 13. * 


^ D lA'JLOGUE 1 

his Cm. Thar tboy' arc intended to work in t&, 
the peaceable Fruits of Rlghteournefs $ and to work 
out for Usy an eternal Weight of Glory ♦. 

Should We, under the Sunimon9 of i>^4r/ift, have 
JKecourfe to the moft celebrated Comforters in tke 
Heathen World ; they would increase our Appre* 
henfions, rather than mitigate #ur Dread. Deatk 
is reprefeated, by the great Maftfer of their Schodis i 
as *< The moft formidable of all Eyiis," They 
Were not abk pofitivefy to deteraiine^ whether (he 
Soul {uryived ', and never So much a$ dreamt of the 
Refurr^ion of the JBody.T^Whereas, the Book of 
GOD ftrips the MonAer of his .Horrors, or turns 
Him into ^ Meflenger of Peace : gives Him aa 
Angel's Face, and a Deliyercr's H.?in4. Afccrtain- 
ing to the Souls of the ^Righteous, .^n immediate 
Tranflatien into the Regions of Blifs ; and infuring 
to their Bodies, a moft advantageous itevivdly at 
rfie Reftoratiort of all Thi;igs. ^ 

InvaluaUe Book ! It heals- the Maladies of Life^ 
and fubduqs the Fear of Death* It ftrikes a Hght^j 

* 2 Cor, iv. 17. What are all the confolatory Expedi- 
ents, prefcribed in all the Volumes of Heathen Morality^ 
compared with this one Recipe of Revelation ? They are» 
10 Ifoint of chearing Efficacy, fomewhat like the Frotk 
oa the Conflux of a thoufand Streams, compared witlj 
•a Sng.l^ Draught of Homer's Vefenth. Which, He tclU 
tJs, was 

Temper* dmjtth Drugi of fo'v*reign life /* ajpwage 

The boiling Bdfofn of tumultuous Ragei 

To clear the cloudy Front of 'wrinkled Care, 

j^nd dry the tearful ^Sluices of Defpair. 

Charm* d 'with that ^virtuous Draught, tF exalted Mini 

AlhSenfe of Woe delivers to 4he Windi 

' ■ Odyff. IV;- 

DIAL D:G U. E J. %f 

fome Vifta, through the Gloom of the Gnrve j; ^ 
o|)ens a charming, a glorious Profpe<2 of Immorta- 
lity in the I^eavens. 

Tbefe, wi$h many other Excellencies peculiar tp 
^e Scriptures, One would imagine more than fuffir 
cient, tp engage every fenfiWe fjcart in their favour j 
gind introduce them, with the bigbcft Efteem, into 
^very improved Converfation.?— ?They bad fuch an 
EfFe£t upon the fineji Genius, and nuJI accomplijbei 
1^ Perfon, that former or latter Ages can boaft. In- 
fomuch, that He made, while living, this public 
Declaration ; and left it, when He died, upon ever- 
lafting Record — How fweet are thy fVords unto my 


. •* If we confider Da^idt in the great Variety of his 
fine Qualifications — The Ornaments of his Perfon, and 
the far more illuftrio^is Endowments" of his Mind — The 
iiirpriiing Revolutions in his Fortune; fometimes, re- 
duced to the lowed Ebb of Adverfity ; Ibmetimes,. riding 
iipon the higheft Tide of Profperity — ^His iingular Dex- 
jterity, in extricating Himfelf from Difficulties ; and pe- 
culiar Felicityt in accommodating Himfelf to all Cir« 
cumftances — The Prizes He won, as a youthful Cham- 
pion ^ and the Vi^ries He eained, as an experienced 
Ceneral-^His mafterly Hand upon the Harp, and his 
inimitable Talent for Poetry-^Thc admirable Regula* 
tions of hi| royal Government, and the incomparable 
Ufefuinefs of his public Writings— The Depth of his 
Repentance, and jthe Height' of his Devotion — The Vi- 
gour of his Faith in the Divirie Promifes, and the Ardoar 
of his Love to the Divine M A J E S T Y— If We coniidelr 
thefe, with feyeral other Marks of Honour and Graces 
which ennoble the Hiftory of his Life ; We ihall t$m 
fttch an JJimilagi of ibining.QiAaUties, as perhaps were 
j)evcr united in any ith^r jneitly human Charader* 

Thfs Obfervation was expunged. But, upon maturd^ 
Thoughts, it is offered to the Public. In order to con* 
vince a polite Reader, That the Love of the Scripturet^ 
^d the Exetcile ofrDevMo*, are by no ]NJ|«nfe rae loir 
Peculiarities of ^.vufg4r Miv^* T / f . ... t 


^t^J TJtfj fivtiterfban H^ney unt5 my MiovAt •.-^ 
^V4mo /Aw fhfijta! k is My MtJRuttivn all ibi 
Day t« — Mine Eyes prevent the - Ntght^watehes^ that 
fptay fe ocetephd in thy Precepts ; emd I tviU Jpeak of 
ihy T^momes even hefbre Kings J;— If David tafted 
|<ytntithBw«etncfern*ay5pri7ff, aire! that Ac /^^w/«- 
Mty that of the tlrrfot Worrd y how much richer b 
dtc Fcaft to Us ! Since the Gt>fpel is adtkd to thd 
L3W,.and tjhe-Oanon ©f Scripture completed I Since 
{to borrow the Wordj of a Prophet) the L O R D 
<3 O D has^ nowfeahd up the Sum ; has put the laft 
Hand to *is Work; znd ttndcrcd it fit ft of fFt/Sfom^ 
\md perfetl in Beauty ||» - ' 

Ther. Another remarkable FecnTiarity of the Ta- 
cred Writings, juft occurs to my Mi^d — The Me- 
jHUody of communicating Advice, or adminiftering 
^ietspmaU hf Praties* A Method, which levels it-* 
*f f to the loweft Apprehehfion, without giving Of- 
fence, to th^ moft fupcrcilious Temper. Yet, is as 
jn^uc^^pcrkps to plaiounDrnaiotfl^ Precepts as 
the enimnffi Sc^es of « weH^vrought Tragedy, 
toe Tr«>re rmpreffivc and afFeaing, than a fimplc 
^atxation of the Plot, 

i\ Our X.ORD .was oik^d, by a Student of the 
^hjtf)P> Ltw, Wf^ if my Neighleur f Which implied 
^Icicifher/Qu^fQp^ Hmv is be to He bved? — The En* 
jquircf was conceate^of EEflafelr; y^t, IgBorant of the 
fTiraitb* and 4®ficieHt in W Daty.- .Jdad th^i wife 
f.N'STRUCTORo£3S«ankind abrnptlydedgrcd, 
Sfou neiiher- krmu iht former^ norfitTpl the latUY. Pro- 

nation, and departed in a RagQ«--^Thex;efbre^ t<f 
teach, an4 not difgufl i to conviuci thrMaa of bJii 
Error, and not exaj^irate hh Mind \ tke bMT^ 
yS^SUS frames a Reply, as amiable in the Man* 
ner, as it was pertinent to the Purppfe* 
r A cettmnjewj going dehwn. trouLyen^kin''to 
Jerkho^ fell: among Thiers «». Thejr rifle.HHfv d? 
fcis Money; ftripHim of ft is Clothes; wound Jfini' 
with great Sarbarity; -then kave Hina,ex^ring on* 
tji^ Road,— -Soon after 'this- ^i^aftrous Accident, a 
Trav^fer. appear*, ,^nd jadvances that ,1?V^ay. i\ 
jSight^ meKpreifiblyrW^J^Okn^ to this a^<^^;Ci:^ 
tttre. WhatrciMkvs. k nMre Kkriyt, tbat He ihaB 
receive Relief; thi^ TVavdfer is one of Afc /'^^^ 
Or^//r. One, who taught others the. loyely I^cifons 
of littjaanfty alid Charity ^asid was, th«fpft^^» MAH 
der the ftrongeft Obligations, to exemplify diMfiriiB 
his own Pi-adice". He jiift glances an Kye upon the 
deplorable Qbje^; fees Him ftretched ojn. thk 
Ground,.and i^ekeiting in his BlcxuL 3^talfei9ta<l 
farther Notice, Kay,, to avoid' the Ti^ouWeof an 
•tnquiry, turns out of the Road, and paflfes by oa^ 
the other Side«-^Scvce was He depa^ ijed» when, ai 
Levitt approaches^ This Man iomet nearer ^ mA 
hoh on the miferable Spe<^acle, He takes a leifurdy 
and attentive Siwvey of the^ Cafe f» Though every 
Gft(h, and every Groai^, ple^ for.CompafiipiVi tjiis 
Minifter of the Sait^ttary Qbfejcves all,, with tlm 


* Luke x^ 3CS ??r. 
+ This ^^m» to be the Import of cJ^ »&,«?«<»•; Lukft 
X. 5a*' This di'verfifies the Condufl of the two unnafu- 
ral PaiTengers, and ^^jfi'/fw^ the Defcriptioa of /^^^ 

$o D I AL O G U E K 

cddeft Indifference. He neither mores a Hand tW 
help Him ; nor fpeaks a Word to comfort Him * 
but leaves the poor, naked, mangled Wretch to 
perilh in his Calamity.-— Laft comes a Samaritan *; 


* If this was a Panible» we cannot but admire the 
Accuracy of oar LORD, both in U^ing the Scene* 
and feUaing the Circumflances.— It is the Maxim of n 
great Critic, 

TiSa Volupti^is Causa Jint froxtma 'Veris. 

And how very apparent is the Air of Prohabilitjt in thia 
facred Apologue f— The Way from Jerufakm to Jericho^ 
lying through a Defart, was much mfefted by Thieves^ 
and too commodioos lor their Purpoies of vialence««^ 
What could be more likely to happen, than the Paflaee 
of a Prieft and Lt^ite along that Road ? Since Jericho 
was a City, appropriated to the Le*vitical Order ; and 
contained no lefs than twelve thoufand Attendants, oa 
the Service of the Temple, 

. How judicioully is lYit principal Figure circumflanced ) 
-^Had the Calamity befallen a SamaritoHf it would have 
made but feeble Impreffions of Pity ; and thofe, perhaps. 
Immediately effaced by ftronger Emotioiis of Hatreds 
^ttt, when it was a ^enjo^ that lay bleeding^ to death ^ 
the Reprefentation was fure to intereft the Hearer in the 
Diftrefs, and awaken a tender Concern. — Had the Relief 
been adminiftered by a^fw, the Benevolence would have 
ihone, but in a much fainter Light.. Whereas, when it 
came from the Hands of a Samaritan^ whom all the Jewt 
had agreed to execrate, and rank with the very Fiends 
of Hell, how bright was the Luftre of fuch Charity ! 
• It was moft charmingly, and indeed irreiiftibly bright, 
fince it compelled a Jenjoijh Lawyer, to acknowledge the 
^perio^ Excellence of a defpifed and hated Samaritan* 
Nay, it compelled Him to acknowledge the Superiority 
of this hated Samaritan^ not only to his Countrymen in 
general, but to thofe who bore the moft venerable Cha* 
rafter, and diftharged the moft facred Office. 

Let the Reader confider the Temper, exprefied in that 
rancorous Reflcdlion ; Thou art a Samaritan, « W ha^ a 


•ne p£ die abborred Natiosi ;. ^^vjbotm the Jiwlajteil 
with the moft itnjplaipablb Maligmty» ^ : Though tht 
Levite had negleSed a bleeding Brother :> though 
the Prieft had widnbeld his Pity, ftom one of the. 
LrOHD'e pccttliax.Pebple*: the very Moment ihiM 
Sammritan isc^ the. unhappy Saffejner^ Hb melts anto 
CtMiiuitfemtt)dMEi. (He; forgetsitke imbittsr^ 9^j and 
€SMifi4ers i}n\y :!^\SftreJpuli'Edbfi*}*treature. . Hd 
fpruigs fjcom his Horfe> and rerolves to intermit his 
Journey, The- Oil* and Wine, intended for hk 
pwn Re&e(bnient9^ He freely converts, into healing 
Unguents;.. H^bindft wp\the Wounds -y fets the4if-« 
abled Stranger^, t^on U« AWA J^^ adul with aU 
the A^d^ijty^of a &ervafit»i with ^1 Jthe Tenderneik 
pf 2^ B;?other, ^oa^^s Hica to an: Inn*^— There, 
He does all that can be contriyed *, ta foofihe hi& 
pr^feat Sorrows,.. and.JiQ provide agaiiift hi^s future 
W:iyats« He lays dgwn, for his iminediaite .Ufe,» 
what -Money He.can^fpar^ $* charges the Hoft< to 
omit t\9thing> tlijat'may pcomote the Recovery o» 

;:..''.•> ■..■•. Cotnfo«i 

penfil^ Joha vlii. 48;— ^Let Hun compare that }nyetecafie 
Malevolence, with the benign and compa.ffionate Spirit 
^f cur amiable Traveler..— Then, let Him fay ; Whe-^ 
riicr He ever beheld a finer or* a bolder Contraft ? Whe- 
ther, upon; thr Whole, HeeveffaW x\it Ordonnameni 
dcfcriptiv^ Painting, nupre juftljf deijgned^ or 9ior^ 
liappily executed I [ • : . : 

I would beg Leave to obfefve fkrther; That tlie viru- 
tefitJ AnittfofityJof i!he7<r«u<ii^ovfepsi%(ilf, even m tte 
taker's Reply ; Hi tbatfimx^H Mergi oh Him^ He will 
QOt fo much as ttame the Samaritan* Efpecialhr in, a Cafe, 
where He coiitd hot be named, without an honourable 
Bi(Hn6lxon« — So ftrongly marked, and fo exadly prc-^ 
fervcd, are the ra %^s th* Mann&s ortliftinguifhing 9uar. 
lilies of each Pcrfou, in the facred Nsirratjon? \ 

|2 D lALOaUE t 

G«tf«rt of hirOriifti aai ptotmA^ to dfcfhi^ th» 
wh<^ Expence of Ub Lfidjging» Us Maunleaaiicet 

Wkat ft Imlj Pi6hii« this, of die mofl J'i/ePif^^ 
mid aSwi Bo n frole a te ! A^fiMacoIoooc, wfu<9i«cx« 
dttto BO Perfottf,. not crsa StmageMtor Eaenm^ 
ftoni Ultefider AcgiKlt. Whioh HtftointJpoCgn** 
defcenfiooy grudges no Cofl, im its- Labours 0f'Lov«v 
*-*GouM ai^ Method of ComriAion have boen mora 
taioSaky atid atthe^fint Time mow {deafing; thai^ 
0ie InDenogatotyy pvopoftd by* our L O R E^ sifid 
deduced frotQ the Stoiy } Whkknm^Oiifr TbnH 
UdnJ^Thaut was iliigbi$ur mi^ ISn^ fiat/Utam^f 
^ TjUioei?^^*^tf CRW tbcie be an- Advice, mwi 
(tiitable Kx the Occafion; more knpo#tltfi« irfih 
Nature ; and exprefled with a iiM^e ftnteMiicHia 
Energy, tfaaa Ga Thett^ ami da- liitwifif-^ln tkia 
Cafii,*tbe Leamer inftfu<5l») the Deiincfuent eeii'- 
dknfns:*, Hinafelfi jEt^^t^theass awa}!» ice Pli^iHt 
dice^ aad JPridi (wibezi the Mora) h fweetly^ fo 
smperceptibry infinuates) even Pride itfelf lends a 
willing Ear to Admonition. 

j^. This Eloquence of ^in\ifihides, is at once 
affediing to the Wife, and intelligible to the Igo(v> 
xznt.-r^lt Jbews t, rather than fe^iatieiy tbo; Point tl^ 
be illuftrated ; and often makes, as in the^iie In>» 
ftance You have fble^led, theFedingis of the Heart 
oyercp^iQ ^ PjcQJ^udic^s, of, tj|e, Un^erftandi;i;jg.— 
it has always be^^- admired^ by the beft Judges: ofl 
kmaian Nature, and polite Literature. But, ne^ei^ 
WJ^s carried to its higheft PerfcSion, till our LORD 
/ . fpoke 

- •. . • 2 5ain. xii. 5. 

f Di/fenfem, ^ys' Seneca upon thd Subjedt, y audiek^ 
tern in rem frefentem addumntf Epift^ lix. 


Jpoke the Parable of the Pr$£gal ♦.-r-Which has a 

^ Beauty, that no Paraphrafc can heighten : a Per-. 

' fpicuity, that renders all Interpretation needlefs ;. 

and a^Force, which every Reader, not totally hi--. 

' fenfible, muft feel f. 

Ther. The Condefcenfion and Goodnefs of GOD , 
are, every where, confpicuous.—- In the Produdions 
of the Bough, He conveys to Us the moft valuable 
Fruits, by the Intervention of the lovelieft Blof- 
foms* Though the Prefent is, in itfelf, extremely 
acceptable j fife has given it an additional Endear-' 
menty by the Beauties which array it, or the Per- 
fumes which furround it. — ^In the Pages of Reve- 
lation, He has communicated to Us the Truths of 
Heaven, adorned with all the Graces of Compo- 
fition. Such as may polifli the Man of Genius, 
and improve the Man of Worth* Such as gratify 
and captivate our Imagination, even while they 
cultivate and refine our Morals. — So that they, 
really are, as one of their divine Authors very ele- 
gantly fpeaks i Like Apples- of Gold in Figures of 
Silver %. 
Vol. I. , D Jfp. 

* Luke XV. II, yV. ^ 

t If the Reader fhould be diiTatisfied with this "Mct 
thod of extolling the Parable in general, without J^ect-^ 
fying its particular Beauties ; He may find fomething of 
the latter Kind attempted, in Contemphaions on the Stany- 
Httwensy Pag. i8i, ^c. 

X Pro^v. xxi ii.-^TJberon follows the received TranP- 
lation. . I fiioald prefer the Expofition of Qle^us ; wha 
fujppofes f\D;i nVDt£^D to iignify, lUtiactda argtMUiy ii^ 
quibus OcttU funt minMiffimy penettaiiles tamen Fifi$* Ae- 
cording to this Interpretation, the Pailage will prefent 
Us with Jpplis of Gold in Net- work, or Lattice- work, of 
Silver. Where the fine Fruit receives a new Charm, by 
ihewing it(blf through the elegant Apertures of theBaJket. 

3^: D- 1 A L o o u K r. 

j^ Wlte tli«n wouM not gMly rceetre thatt 
graftibiw Exhoftatiott.) Lh- «^ Wwrd of CH^RIST 
dWiU in You richfy ♦. Who would not willingly ' 
obey ^hat benign Conunajicl ? Thott Jhalt talk of itj 
when thoufitujl in thine Houfiy and wb^n thou watkeji 
hf the Waj\ whm thou ttifl doum^ and when thou 
rififl up t. Since, in thia Cshfi^, Duty is evidently 
inlaid with Delights 

When I confider the Language of the Scnpture»» 
tCs^A fometimes experience their Energy on my Soul v 
lam inclined to fay — ^ Other Writings, thougk- 
*' poliihed with tho nSceft- Touches of Art, only 
«' tingle on t^e Ear^ ol» afPed Us like the Shepherd's 
'J Reed. But thefe, even amidft all their Simpli- 
" qity and Negligence, ^rike — alarm — tranfport Us 
*> — fomewhat like the Voice of^ Thunder, or the 
^ Archangel's Trumpet." 

When Iconficker the Content} of the Scriptures; 
2fid believe myfclf interefted, in the Promifcs they^ 
exhibits, and the Privileges they conifer 5 I am in- 
duced to ciiy'out**-" What are all the other Books: 
*^ in the World, compared with thefe ineftimable: 
<f^ )CoIumes ? No more tiien an entertainicfg No* 
*' vel, or a few prudential Rujea fgr domeftic Oe- 
** conpmy, coipparjed with a Parent'^WiJl > a royal 
* '; Charter^. 

, * CpL iii. 16. ThWordof CJHtlST; fotheApoftte> 
entitles the whole infpired Writings^ and thereby nBsn^ 
tll« J^^imty of bi^ ]M[ASTERr*i)<Kv//f not make a 
ihpFl Stay^ qr an Qccii£<^al Vidt^ but take up a fixed^ 
^dilated R$sfid6&c»— J&o^» ; in the iargeft-Meafure,. 
ai^d^wifh tbegreateft £ftcacy ; £0 a& to £U tfae Memory ^ 
%^y die Will; andaibia^all the Afe£tten&. 

t Deut;. vi; 7* 

** Chatter * ; or an ikptrial Grant olf TitWahd 
« Manors." ' ' ' ' > 

' I faid, Promifes and Privilegigs. For, thefe Y^ 
look upon as imparting the moft fovereign Worthy 
to the Scriptures. Agreeably to our LORl>'s: 
Teftimpny, Search the Scriptures/ Why? What 
recommends them to our attentive Regard? Bc- 
caufe they give the nobleft Difplay of the divine 
Perfections, and the trueft Eftimate of human Na- * 
ture ? Becaufe they open the invifible World^ and 
dffcpver the Secrets of Eternity ? Prefent Us with 
t^e moft refined Rule of Duty^ and prefs upon Us' 
the moft forcible Motives to Obedience ? — All this 
they unqueftionaWy do. Yet this is not their moft 
diftinguifliing Excellence. Search thtm^ fays our^ 
bleflfed L O R 1?, with a clofe, an exaft, an un- 
wearied Affiduity; becaufe, they tejirfy of ME. 
Of my all-furpaffing Dignity, and infinite Merits. 
Of free juftification through my Blood, and ever- 
lafting Jf-rife through my Righteoufncfs. This is- 
their crowning PerfeilioR. . From hence they de- 
rive the moft exalted Merit. ' 

Da , 4»i 

' • The Contents of the Scripture are caBed, by the 
wife Man, DnUl Prov, viii. 6, Excellent Things <» royal 
Truths, prjncdy Sentiments.. Teftifying of MeJJiah the 
Princiy his Feribn, Righteotifiacfs, and Salvation. -^Ex* 
cecding all the Works and Writings of the Learned, as 
much as Ssiamon Himfelf, when fcated on his Throne of 
Fvory and Gold ; furroundcd with all the Splendour c^ 
has brilliant Court ; and delivering the Dilates of In- 
(piration, to liftening Sages— —as miitk as that magni- 
ficent Monarch, in ftch Circumftances of Dig^nity, and 
amidft fach Difplays of Wifdom, exceeded th^ Pcypolaca- 
•f I/raeL 

3$ tyA A L O G U E L 

' All diefe Circumftances remind me of a verjr 
emphatical Atteftation, bote to the exalted Merit 
ef the BiBi^E. Which^ though quite artle/sj is, 
I think, abundantly more ci^preffive^ than the moft* 
laboured EiForta of Panegyric. — ^It came-from the 
Lips of a Martyr. Who, being condemned to die, 
for his inviolable Adherence to the Dodlrines of 
Scripture ; when he .arrived at the Stake, and had 
compofed Himfelf for Execution, took his final 
Leave in thefc afFedling Words : ** Farewel Sun 
•* and Moon ! Farewel all the Beauties of Crea* 
** tlon, and Comforts of Life ! Farewel my ho- 
** noured Friends ! Farewel my beloved Relations I 
*' And farewel thou precious^ precious Book of 
"GOD !" 

Jfpajio had fcarce uttered the laft Sentence, when 
a Servant came to let them know \ " Supper was 
*' upon the Table." — Very opportunely, faid The» 
ron^ has our Repaft waited, till our Conference is 
ended. We have fhewed, wb^t » large Field of 
delightful Specuhtion, the Scriptures openj and 
what ample Materials for the moft refined Dif- 
courfe *, they afford. As nothing can be more 
ungraceful^ than to negleft in our own Cond,u£^, 


♦ Should the ferious Reader want any farther Perfua- 
lives, to this moft beneficial Praftice ; He may fee — 
How particularly our Divine MASTER obferves the 
Strain of our Converfation ; Luke xxiv. 17. — How ex- 
prefly He has commanded fuch fecial Communications, <^ 
as may tend to the Vfe of Edifying, Eph. iv. 29. — And 
what an E^vidence will arife from this. Article, either for 
ctur Acquittal or Condemnation, at the Day of everlait- 
ing Judgment, Matt, xii. 36, 37. 


^hat We recommend to the PraSice of Othirs *^* 
;iet Us, this very Night, begin to ennoble oiir Inf<» 
terviews with thefe improving SubjeiSls* Let Us 
mideavour to make ^eligiptis Converfation, whkh 
is in all Refye^s 'defirable; in fome* Degree ySi- 

Chryfoft. Af^^. •* 

JD 3 DI A- 



[HE next Morning, when Breakfaft 
was over, Theron and Afpafio took a 
Walk into the Garden — ^Their Spirits 
cheared, and their Imagination lively 
—Gratitude glowing in their Hearts, 
and the whole Creation fmiling round them. 

The Spot adjoining to the Houre,was appropriated 
to the Cultivation oi Flowers, — In a Variety of hand- 
fome Compartments^ were aiTembled the choiceft 
Beauties of blooming Nature. Here, the Hyacinth 
hung her filken Bells, of the tilt'es reared their filver 
Pyramids. There, ftood titit heat Narcijfus^ loofely ♦ 
attired in a Mantle of fnowy Luftre; while the 
fplendid Ranunculus wore a full-trimmed Suit of ra- 
diant Scarlet. Pinks were rifmg to enamel the Bor- 
ders ; Rofes were opening to drefs the Walls ; fur- 
rounded, on all Sides, with a Profulion of beau- 
teous Forms, either latent in the Stalk, orburfting 
the Buds, or blown into full Expanfion. 

This was bounded by a flight Partition ; a Sort of 
-tArdWt: Parapet. Thr^gk which they defcend by 


• Hianim Fhrf dtcort 


© I A L Q<;/U E H. .^ 

an ^afy Flight ofStqps ; and are prefented wkh the 

. elegant Simplicit^r of tire Kitchen-^Qarden^ — In one 

Place, .Yoa migbt &e the Marigold flowering, ^r 

the Seans in Biofibin* ^n ^anotheri the ^EAdive 

<lir}ed her Leavea^ er the Lj^ttuce thickened htr 

. TuQf». Canliflov^erfi &^t^ed ^ir £sur Cos^lec- 

^c^ Hfkder a gr€M Uid^ella ^ while the Borage 

4iiheveUtd f her Locks> smd braided them with ntL- 

tive Jewels, of a finer Azure than the fineft Sap- 

phires.-r-On the fanny Slopesy the Cucumber and 

M€i<m lay balking in Uie colle&ed Beams. Oi^ the 

raifid Bids^ the Artichoke feemed to be erefiing -a 

Standard, while the Afparagus fhot f into Ranks 

of .Spears. The Itvei Ground produced all Maimer 

of cooling Sallets and nourifhing Efculents. 

Which, like the Brows of the O/^/w^/V Conquerors, 

were bound with a Filiet of unfading Parfley ; or, 

• like the Pi^flures of the Mountain-Nymphs, were 

, graced wiA a Chaplct of ifragrant Marjoram. — ^In 

^fecftft, nothing was wanting to fumifli out the 

wbcd'efome Luxury of an Antediluvian BanqueL 

Soon, a high Wall intervenes. Through which 
a Wicket opens j and tranfmits them into the regular 
and equi-diftant Rows of an Orchard, — This Plan- 
tation is fo nicely adjiufted^ that it looks like an Ar- 
.rangement of rural Piazzas, or a Colle£lion of diver- 
.fifed Villas. The JEye is, every where, entertained 
ivitb the exafbeft Unifomiily ; and darts, with unob- 
' ; D 4 . ftruaed 

♦Referring to the loo/e irregular Manner of its Fp- 

t Alhidingr, nbt only to the Shafey but alfo to the 
Gnnxah of this Plant ; which is fo unufually quick, that 
it may almofi be faid to JiarU rather than to rifi^ out of 
the EvA* 

5^o DIALOG U E 11. 

ftnxfted Eafe, from one End of the branching files 
to the other.— On all the Boughs, lay a lovely Evo- 
lution of BloffhtM ; arrayed in milky White, or tinged 
with the fofteft Red. Crouding into one general 
Clufler,* without relinquifhing a vacant Space for 
Leaves, they formed the faireft, the gayeft, the 
grandeft Alcove, that Fancy itfelf can imagine.^— 
It is really like the Court of the Graces. None can 
approach it, without finding his Ideas brightened^ 
and feeling his Temper exhilarated. 

Contiguous to this correft Difpofition of Things, 
Nature has thrown a Wildemefs ; hoary, grotcfque, 
and magnificently confufed. It ftrctched itfelf, with 
a large circular Sweep, to. the North ; and fecured 
both thcOHtory and the Orchard from incommoding 
Winds. — Copfes of Hazel-, and flowering Shrubs, 
filled the lower Spaces. While Poplars quivered 
aloft in Air, and Pines pierced the Clouds with their 
leafy Spires. Here, grew Clumps of Fir, clad in 
everlafting Green, There, ftood Groves of Oak, 
which had weathered, for Ages, the wintry Storm. 
— This woody Theatre, was interfe(3ed by a wind- 
ing Walk \ lined with Elms of infuperable Height. 
Whofe Branches, uniting at the Top, reared a 
majeftic Arch, and projefted a folemn Shade. It 
was impofSble to enter this lofty Labyrinth, with- 
out being ftruck with a pleafing Dread *. As they 
proceed, every Inflexion difFufes a deeper Gloom, 
and awakens a more penfive Attention. 

Having ftrolled in this darkfome Avenue, without 
a Speck of Sunfhine, without a Glimpfe of the Hea- 
vens 3 on a fudden, they ftep into open Day. — S.ur- 

prifmg ! 

• " ' CaliganUm "nigra Formidine Lucum, 


D I A L O G U E IL 41 

prifing! cries Afpafio. What a Change is this! 
What delightful Enchantment is Here !— One Iii* 
fi^nt, whelmed in Trophoniu5*s Cave *; where 
DaJrknefs lours, and Horrour frowns. Tranfported*, 
the next, into the romantic Scenes of. jfnafia^ 
where all is lightfoine, and all is gay. — ^Qyick ^ 
Thought t, the Arches of Heaven expand their 
Azure. Turrets and Spires fhoot into the Skies. 
TowhSy with their fpacious Edifices, fpread tliem- 
felves to the admiring View- Thofe Lawns, gre?n 
with freflieft Herbage^ thofe Fields, rich with un- 
. dulating Corn ; where were they ail, a Mom^t 
ago ?-^It brings to my Mind that remarkable Situa- 
tion of the y€wijh Law-giyer; when, elevated on 
the Summit of Pifgahy He furvcyed the goodly- 
Land of Promife — furveyed the Riversy'the Floods'^ 
the Brooks of Honey and Butter-Purveyed the Moun- 
tains dropping with JVincy and the Hills flowing with 


• The Reader may find a r«r/Wx Account of this Cave, 
together with a very ImmorouSf and (which fhould a2> 
ways accompany Humour, or elfe it will be lik^ aStin^ 
without the Honey) an impron)ing Defcription of its £? 
fcfts. Spea. V0I..VIIL N°598, 599. 
: t Such a fudden Alteration of the Profpedl, is bdai- 
tifnily defcribed by Milton \ 

* _ ' As nvhen a Scouf; 

■through dark and defart Ways^ *with Peril gone 
All Nighu at lafl hy Break of chearful Danun 
. Obtains the Brovj of fome high-climhitig HilU 
Which to his Eye difcomers unaivare 
^he goodly Profpe^ of fome foreign Land ^ 
Firft feen ; or fome reno-ivn^d Metropolis y 
With ^liftering Spires and Pinnacles adcrn^Jf 
Which no<w the rifing Suit gilds injith his Beants* 

^ D I A LO<5 U E H. 

MiU"^^ — ^Surv^cd all wkh thofe Eyes, which, for 
f<»-ty tedious Y«sirs, had been confined to dry Sands, 
rs^gged ^ckS) and the irkfome Waftes of a defolaite 
bowling Wilderncfs. 

On the firft m<iffy Hillock t> which offered its 
Couch, our Ocntlemen feated themfelves. The- 
rifing Sun had vifited the Spot, to dry tip the Dews, 
and exhale the Damps, that might endanger Health; 
to open the Violets, and eicpand the PriixirOfes, that 
decked the Green. The wh<Je Shade of the Wood 
' Was collefted iehtni them ; and a beautiful, e^eft- 
■five, tttoft diversified Lahcjfcape fpread itfelf before 

Theron, according tO hi^ nfual Manner, macle 
many imf)rOving Remarks on the Ptofpeft, and its 
Furniture. He traced the Footfteps of an all-com- 
prehending Contrivance, and pointed out the Strokes 
of inimitaljle Skill. Hfe^bfeWed the grand fixer- 
tion^ of Power, and the rich Exuberance of Good- 
nef*, moft fignally, moft charmingly conipicuous 
thrbugh the Whole. — Upon one CifcuinilattCe He 
enlarged, with a particular Satisfaction. 

Y%e>'. See! Afpafi9\ how all is talculatcd, to ac(- 

.minTfter the higheft i>t?%*/ to Mankinds -^Thofc 

".''*•.;.■•'' Txei5s 

* This is the Laiiguag^ of the Book of J^ and the- 
Prophecy oi JoeU A Language^ like- the £ceiie it dew 
fcribes, not bneautiful only* but beautiful and rich even 
to Luxurzancy, Job xx. 17. Joel iii. 18. — One woutd al- 
^ xnoft fufp^ft, the Lyric Poet had read thefe Pafl^ges,' and 
attempted an Imitation of their Ddicaties. 

Finique Fonte?n, LaSiis t^ uieres 
Cafitare Rivos^ atque truncis . ' 

Lapfa cav'is iter are Mella. Lib. tl. Oa. 19, 

: f Horace would have called it, Ce/pes fortuitus. 

D I A L:0 G yJS: fi. as 

.Treesand Hedges, which (kirt the Extremities of 
the Landfcape ; ftealing away from their real Bulk, 
^nd Uikning by gentle Diminutions ; appear lilpe 
elegant Pictures in Mtniature. Thofe, which oc- 
cupy the nearer Situations, are a Set of w>\A^ 
Images \ fwelliag upon the Eyi?> in/uU Proportion} 
and, in -a Variiety pf graceful Attitudes, . Both of 
them ornannienting the feveral Apartments of our 
common Abode, with a Mixture of Delicacy an4 
.Grandeur. ^ 

T^h« Blofloms, that array the Branches \ the 
Flowers, that embroider the Meadj .addrt:fs and 
entertain ^«r Eyes with every Charm of Beauty *. 
Whereas, to c/A^r Creatures, they are deftitute of 
all thofe Attradlives i which refult from a Combi- 
nation of the lovelieft Colours^ and moft alluring 
Forms.-^YoadQr St£€ams> tl^at glide, with fmooth 


* Thei-efore, whtti tht Prophet defcribes the Chriftiani 
Church, adorned with all the Beautia ofHoUneft, He bor- 
rows his Imagel-y from thefe amiable ObjeAs. tfrad 
frdl hud and mtyghmy Ifai. xxvii. 6. — Nayi they try H^ih 
demfs^ even the Gentile Nations, beibg Cony^ted ant6 
CHRJST.JhaHhloffim ds a R<>fe, Ifai. xxxv, i.— / wY/ 
be as the Heiv unto I/rael\ He fi^all bloffom as the Lilyy and 
Yaft fbrtb his kobts as Lehanonf Ho^- xiv. 5. What an ele- 
gant Pid«re! And what a eoittfortabJe Promife! Here 
i« tht Q^enofFlowerj, artdthePrince of Trees. N<!k 
fixx[ig fairer than the full-blown Lily : nothing frmr 
"than the deep-rooted Cedars. Yet thefe are a Reprefen* 
tatioli (and bat a feint Reprefentation) of the Comeline/s, 
which the All-eracious REDEEMER ftu upon hts 
Pe9|)l€ \ ^ of the Stahilityy which they derilre from his 
inviolable Faithful nefs. 

N, B. The fourteenth of tiofea, is one of thofe Chap- 
ters j whkh, for thdr peetrilai" Importance and Excel- 
kncy, defcryc not 6nly to -have a Tuffi in o« Readiti^, 
but a Place in our Memory. 

44 D 1 A L O G U E IL 

Serenity, along the Vallics j glittering to the dif- 
tant View, like Sheets of policed Silver j or footh* 
ing the attentive Ear, with the Softnefs of aquatic 
Murmurs ; are no lefs exhilarating to the Fancy, 
than to the Soil, through which they pafs. — The 
huge enormous Mountain ; the fteep and dixxj 
♦Precipice 5 the pendent Horrors of the craggy Pro- 
montory : wild and tremendous as they are, furnifk 
out an agreeable Entertainment to the human Mind ; 
znipleafe^ even while they /rrri^. Whereas, the 
Beafts take no other Notice' of thofe majeftic De- 
'fopnuties, than only to avoid the Dangers, they 

Afp. How do fuch Conilderations exalt our Idea 
of the CREATOR'S Goodnefsj his very dif- - 
.tinguifhing Goodnefs to Mankind ! Should they not 
jproportionably endear that eternal BenefaAor ; and 
irender Him, both the fupreme Deftre of our Souls, 
and the fupreme Delight of our ASeAions ? 
' His ever-bountiful Hand has fcattered Bleilings^ 
and widi profufe Liberality, among all the Ranks 
of animated Exiftence. But his Beneficence to Ui^ 
is of the moft engaging Kind ; is of a very fuperior 
Order. PTe are treated as his peculiar Favourites ; 
being admitted to the Knowledge of his Defigns^ 
as, well as to the Ufe of his Work^. W^ are intro- 
duced to Scenes of Beauty, which none but Our- 
felves are able to difcern. ' We are prefented with 
a Series of Gratifications, which none but Ouii- 
felves are capable of reliihing. 

Tber^ Another Remark,, though very obvious, is 
equally important. The Deftination of all thefe 
external Things, is no lefs advantageous j than tlieir 
.Formation is beautiful. — ^The Bloom, which en- 


gages the Eye with its delicate Hues, is cherifliing 
the Embrio Fruit i and formipg, within its filken, 
Folds^ the Rudiments of. a future Deflert.— Thofe^ 
Streams, which fliine from afar, like fluid Cryflal,^ 
are more valuable in their Productions, and benefi-. 
cial in their Services, than they are amiable in their 
Appearance. They diftribute, as they roll along 
their winding Banks, Cleanlinefs to our Houfes, 
and Fruitfulnefs to our Lands. They nourifh,. and. 
at their own Expence, a never-failing Supply of the 
fineft Fifh. They vifit our Cities, and attend our 
Wharfs, as fo many public Vehicles, ready to^ fet 
out at all Hours. 

Thofe Sheep, which give their Udders to be drain- 
ed by the bufy frifking Lambs, are fattening thein 
Flelh for our Support ; and while they fill their owa 
Fleeces, are providing for 5«r comfortable Clothing, 
—Yonder Kine, fome of which are brdwzing.upon , 
the tender Herb ; others, fatiated with Pafturage^ 
ruminate under the fhady Covert j are, though cqn- 
fcious of no fuch Defign, concofting for our Ufe, 
one of the foftcft, purejft, healthieft Liquors in the 
World.— The Bees, that fly humming about out. 
Seat, and purfue their Work on the fragrant Blof-^ 
foms, are collefting Balm and Sweetnefs, to com- 
pofe the richefl; of Syrups. Which, though the 
Produce of their Tml, is intended for our Good. 

Nature^ and her whole Family, are our obfequiov.s 
Servants, our ever-aftive Labourers. They bring 
the Fruits of their united Induftry, and pour them 
into our Lap, or depofit them' in our Store-rooms. 
. JJf. Who can fufficiently admire this moft charm-' 
ing and immenfe Benignity? — ^Thc Supreme DIS- 
POSER of Events, has commandedTDelight and 



Profit to walk Hand in Hand, through his amjde 
Creation. Making all Things fo perfe^fy pUafingy 
as if Beauty was their only End ; yet all Things fa 
iminmtlj ferviceabU ♦, as if Ufefulncfs had been 
their fole Defign. — ^As a farther Invitation to our 
Gratitude, He has rendered Man the Center, in 
which all the Emanations of his Beneficence, dif^ 
flifed through this Terrcftrial Syftem, conftantly 

But, my dear ThevQity is not this apparent, in a 
ipuch more wonderful Manner, throughout the 
whole Oeconomy of Redemption? — ^It were a 
fmall Thing for this inferior Clafs of uninUfUgent 
Creatures, to be continually employing themfelyes 
fbr our Benefit. Even the S ON of the moft High 
GOD^ throu^ all his incarnate State, adted the 
very fame Part.' — He took Flefc, and bore jhe In- 
firmities of human Nature, not for Himfelf, but' 
for Us Men, and our Salvation. He fuffered Want, 
ai>d endured Mifery in all Its Forms ; that We 
lyij^ht poflefs the Fulnefe of Joy, and. abound in 
^Pleafures for evermore.x-When He poured out his 
Soul in Agonies, under th^ Curfc of an avenging 
Law; was it not with a cpmpaffionate View, to 
make Vs Partakers of eternal Bleffednefs ? When 
Be fulfiUedji perfeftly fulfilled the whole command- 
ing Law ;. was it not for this gracious Purpofe, that 
his Rigbteoufnefs might be imputed to Us ? Yes \ 
■ ^ ---r^ForUsHgliv'dy 

Toil^4for eur Eafe^ anifor our Safetjj Medf 
Notbun^ in the whole Courfe — — _ 

♦ Q^Me^ JtunA'SarUs. ita ,confiit^fJ^ Jimt, ^ ne^e ad 
IJfummfliorcs effe poterinU tuque ad Speciem pulchriores. 
' * Cic. De Nat. Deor. Lib. IL 

^'Ther.' Pardon me for mterru^ting Y©a, ^pafia.- 
I-have no Okjeftion to the general Drift of your 
Difcourfe. But that part ictilar Notion of hnptited 
Righteotrlhefe, has always appeared toime in a very 
rWiculous Light, And Imuft fay, that fuch a /V- 
ritanical Noftrum makes a very unbecoming Figure^ 
amongft your other manly and- correft Sentiments 
©f Religion. 

* AJ^. You know, Tierenj I have long ago dif- 
avowed that ignoble PK:judice, which rejedts Doc- 
trines, or defpifes Per fons,. betaufc they happen to 
be branded with contemptible Names. *Tis true, 
the Writers ftyled Puritans^ are remarkable for their, 
Attachment to this Peculiarity of the Goipel. If 
.runs through all their Theological Works ; and* 
very eminently diftinguiflies them, from the. Gene- 
rality of our modern Treatifes. — ^But, muft it therf^- 
fort he wrong, becaufe maintained by that particu- 
lar Set of People ? Or» are they the only Advocates 
fc^X this important Truth ? 

Ther. Aye : it is as 1 fuipe£led. ' I' have lately 
conjectured^ from feveral {lints inmy \/fj[p4ifi^s Dif*' 
courfe, that He has been warping to the, low un- 
gentleman-like Peculiarities of thofb whioifical 

Jff^ I cannot conceive, why You flxould catt 
them whimJiaiL — ^Tp fettle Faith, on. its proper Ba- 
fis,. the meritcvious, Righyteoufnefs of th& RE- 
DEEMER ; and to deduce Obedience ftonx itsj 
true Oxigin^ the, Lpve of G Q D fhedal^road in 
Ae JHeart.— rTo fearch the Cpnfcieujce^ and con-- 
vince the Judgment— «Ta awaken the lethargic,, 
and comfort the afflicted. SouI-*-To do all| 
firoo^a thorough Knowledge,- joiiied to a mafterly 

Application^ . 

48 D I A L O G U E IL 

Application, of the divine Word — Thefe, fare, 
are hot whimfical Talents, but real Excellencies. 
Yet thefe, if We may credit Hiftory, entered into 
the Preaching ; thefe, if We will examine impar- 
tially, are to be found in the Writings of the Pu- 
ritans.— And a Pearl, you will pleafe to remember, 
is a Pearl ftill, though it (hould bang in the Ethio^ 
pianos Ear. 

Ther. Ethiopian indeed ! You have truly charac- 
terized, that demure and glogmy Generation. I hope. 
You don't intend to introduce their affefted So- 
lemnity and forbidding Referve, into your own eafy 
and engaging Converfation, Though, for aught 
r can judge, this would be no more ungraceful, 
than to patch fuch aukward and antiquated Notions, 
on the refined Scheme of Chriftianity. 

Jfp. My dear Friend, You are too litdicrous ; and 
I begin to catch the Infeftion. Away with your 
Wit, I befeech You. Or, if You muft have it in 
your Retinue, let it be your Page, not your Privy- 
Counfellour. Let it wait ai the Door, not prefide 
at our Councils. — ^We had better return to our firft 
Topic. Let us contemplate the Wonders of Crea- 
tion ; and as We admire the Works, learn to adore 
the MAKER. 

Ther, Npne of your Evafions, good Afpafio. You 
muft not think to put me off at this Rate. I have 
wanted an Opportunity to rally you upon this Head ; 
and to argue or laugh You, out of thefe religioui 

Jfp. If You will not agree to Terms of Peace ; 
I hope, you will allow fome Ceflation of Arms. At 
leaft, till I can mufter my Forces, and prepare for 
th^ Vindication of my Principles* . 

- Tim. 

77?er. No ; upon the Spot, and.out of Hand^.You 
are required to anfwer for yourfelf, and tbefe fam^ 
queer Opinions. — ^I fhall fervc You, as the Roman 
Conful * ferved the procraJUnating Monarch f. 
When, demurring about his Reply to the Demands 
of the Senate, He faid, " He would confider of the 
" Matter :" the rerolute Ambaffador drew a Circle 
round him v/ith his Cane, and infifted upon a ppjl- 
tjve Anfwer, before he ftepped over thofe limits.. 

Jfp. This, however. You muft give me Leave 
to obferve. That the Affair is of a very ferious Na- 
ture. Upon Condition, that you will difmifs your 
Flouriihcs of Humour, and Strokes of Satyr ; I will 
acquaint You with the Reafons, which have made 
me a Convert to this Doftrine. — Once, I held it i|i 
the utmoft Contempt ; and pitied the Simplicity pf 
(as I then ftyled them) its deluded Admirers. But, 
I am now become yJ/^A a Fool, that I may be truly 
wife, and fubftantis^lly happy. I have feen ow 
ruined State ; and I blefe GOD for this fQvereijgpi 
Reftorative. It is the Source of my ftrongeft Qo(^ 
folations, apd the very Found^tipn of my eternal 

Ther. Excufe me, AJpafio \ if the Vivacity -pf xxx^ 
Temper, and the feemingly uncouth Tenet^ kihdl^ 
me into a more humorous Gaiety, than became the 
-Occafion. You fpeak of the Point, with fo much 
SerioufnefS) and in fuch wej^ty*T«rpsi»tp^ check 
my Levity, and command my Refpe6):. Be {dsaft4 
to execute, what You have promifed j and thern©ft 
engaged Attention of my Mind, ihall atone for tKe 
petulant Sallies of my Tongup. 

Vol. 1. ' E ' -^ A[p. 

* Popilim L^nas, t ^ntmhus^ King of Sjrla. 



AJp. ToJconceivc a Diflike of any Do£lrine, only 
becaufc Perfons of a particular Denomination, have 
been adlive and zealous to promote its Reception ; 
this is hardly conAftent with an impartial Enquiry 
after Truth. 

Thtr, Igv^Lntk^J/pafio. And I fhould be afliamed 
of my Oppofition, if it was founded on fo flight a 
Bottom* But, abftrafted from all Party Confidera- 
tions, I can fee nothing in this fuppofed Article of 
our Faith, which may recommend it to the unpreju- 
diced JEnquirer.— What can be more aukward than 
the Xerm, or more irrational than the Sentiment I 

jffp. The Wqrd imputed, when ufed in this Con- 
nexion, may poffibly convey a difagreeable Sound 
to the Ears of fome People. Bccaufe, they look 
upon it, as the peculiar Phrafeology of a few fuper- 
'Jlitious SeSfarlfls 5 and rejcft it,^ merely on the Foot 
of that unreafonable Surmife. — But, how can Tou 
be difguftcd at the Expreffion, Theron ; who have 
fo often read it, in the moft approved and judicious 
'Writers ? St. Paul^ who might affirm with relation 
to* his Epiftles, much more truty.than the Painter 
concerning his Pourtraits, / write for Eternity **; 
fcruples not to ufe this aukward Language, feveral . 

Times in the fame Chapter f- Mtltorij the Cor- * 


• Ailading to the Painter, who, apologizing for the 
Jbw Procedure and fcrupuloufly mce Touches of his Pe»- 
cil, faid ; jEternittai pingo^ I paint for Eternity. And 
thofe Strokes had need be corrdA, which are intended, 
not barely to folicit, but to cpmmand the Admiration^ 
of all fucceeding Ages. 

f See Rom, iv. In which iingte Cljiapter, fome Branch 
of the Word Tw/I^i^Sai, to be imputeff/ OQQ\xts no kfi than 
tea or eleven Times. . 

D I A L O G U E II. 51 

rcwknefs of whofe Tafte, and the Propriety of whofe 
Style, no Perfon of Genius will ever queftion J de- 
lights to copy, in various Parts of his incomparable 
Poem, the Apoftle's Di£):ion.-<^Authorized by fuA 
Precedents, it is fuperior to Cavil, and warranted 
beyond all Exception. 

. As to the Sentiment, I take it to be die very fun-- 
L^ damental Article of the Gofpel : and I believe, who- 

ever is acquainted with ecclefiaftical Affairs, will 
allow, that it was the moft mortal Arrow in the 
Heart of Popery y and the principal Pillar in the Ef- 
tabliihment of. the Reformation. — ^What fays our 
LORD, with regard to the Love of GOD, and 
the Love of our Neighbour ? Qn ihtfe two Cpm- 
mandments hang all the LcAv and the Prophets. Much 
the fame would I venture to fay, concerning the 
I Imputation of our Sins to CHRIS Tj and the Im^ 

putation of CHRISTs Rightcoufncfs to Us : On 
the/e two Dodrin^, hang all the Privileges and the 
I whole Glory.of the GofpeK 

Ther, In our laft Converfation, I ipuft own^ I 

faw a ftrong Refemblance between the Works and 

* the Word of GOD. But I never obfenred any 

Thing i^ Nature, that bore the leaft Analogy tp im- 

t puted Sin, or imputed Righteoufnefs.~-To me 

\ your two Dodrines feem ftrange, unaccountable^ 

and irrational. 

Afp* That our Sins (hould be charged upon the 
only begotten SON of GOD, and that his Righ- 
teoufnefs fhould be imputed to finful Worms, is 
ftrange, exceeding ftrange. The Pfalmift calls it, 
marvelous Loving-Kindnefs *. The Apoftle ftyles it^ 
Lp%fe that pajfeth Knowledge \. And it has fome- 
E % timcs> 

• PfliL xvii. 74 t Bpl»* iU* 19. 

^z t) 1 A L O G U E 11. 

tknes, I muft freely confefs, been almoft ready to 
ftagger my Belicf.-^Howevcr, I have found myfelf 
relieved in this Perplexity, not only by the Tefti- 
monies of Scripture, but even from the Contempla*- 
.tioo o£ Nature^ . Is not all Nuture full of ftrange, 
unaccountable, and'myfteriouB Effedls i 

. !^Afr. That Nature is full of ftrangc EfieSs, is 
* undeniable. ' Strange are the Experiments' of j£Arr- 
iKteity^ and the occult Qualities of the Load-^fisni I 
fitrange and furprifing are thofe countlefs Legions 
of Effluvia, which tranfpjre from a fmall odoriferous 
Body! More furprifmg ftill, arethe infinite Myriads 
xxi 'lufrHH0us Particles, WhicH iffue from a fmaller 
4a«ung' 5utttance *.—- THpre's not a Tree, or a 
>Tufiig, or a Leaf, but furpafles the Qomprehenfion 
of aU Mankind. Even the minuteft Atom, is big 
•with Wonders. 

' Take a nearer Inftance. This Cow, which 
^^nes grazing ap to our very Feet. WhAt is her 
Food? Grafs; nothing but Grafs, the wild Pro- 
iluiftioh o^ the Earth.- Give the^fatnti Materials to 
the Coftfe6iriofter, the Cook, or the moft ikilful 
Artift in the World. They, with all their Appli- 
cation %D^ In Juftryy will never be able • to work 
thiiiv tip- in ta a palatable Difti, or any ferviceabl^ 
Subftanb^; Whereas this poor Animal, without 
fo much as thinking on her Bufinefs, refines and 
' - '^ . :- '<:oftC0<Sls 

--....'':->•.'• ' ' .• ■ . 

. ^ *\ Dr, NimiyenLjit h^ computed, That, from alighted 
t^andte, about th« Size of fix to the Pound, there iilues, 
Htthe'SecGfnd'ofvMinute, an EfFoiion of Particles, vaflly 
■tofe than teti4iUt)dred thoufand miUIofl.Timcs the Nam- 
ber©f,Sw»4s/Wbi* the-\yhpfe Gii*&of tlie E^h.^^r- 
tains^-^To call this a 'very^ grtat Multitude^ would be 
A)^ng little... It npnplufles our ThottghtSy^d^i^-^XQQt^s 
the utmoft'S^teft <^/fe?/7^/>/^//^«.r --^''^ "*^ • 

jyi Ah OG V ^^ 1% ^5 

concofts them, in the moft per fe<St Marnier. The 
Juices of fo contemptible an Herb, compmnded and 
ftcrited in her Body, harden inta Bone, and foften 
iijtoFlefh : grow. tough, as a Cord, in the Sinews j 
and become tender, as a Jelly, in the Fat. They ooz^ 
thrcJugh the Udder, and for\n a delicious Stream or 
Milk ; they flow along the Veins, in reeking Tides 
of Blood. Here, they take a crimfon Stain; there^ 
they equal the Lily in Whitenefs ; on the Skin and 
in the Hair, they transform themfelyes into every 
Variety of Colours. 

Afp* Pray, can yoii account for <ill thefe extra?- 
ordinary Trtinfmutations ? Or, ilo< to ta(k youf 
Philofophy too heavily^ <pan you tell Us, how one 
— Honly one of them i« wi'Ought ? How the coarfe 
and bitter Herbage, chewed and concofted by thi^ 
dumb Creature, is converted into fo rich a Dainty 
as Cream ? 

- Ther: As well may 6ur Sight pefnetrate the Center 
of tbc:QI©be, as Philofophy explain this, and many 
-other fttch Secrets^- The Opei'ations of Nature^ 
are nice and dciicate, beyond all Parallel, find be- 
yond all Conception. Infomuch, that the intdli^ 
gent Obferver, can no where caft his Eye, or fiic 
his Thoughts, without being aftoni/hodv ti%nfpottr 
cdi and even loft in Admirition. ' ' - 

Afp\ Ar^ not then the Operations of Nature^ ip 
many VQuchers for the myfterloiis Truths of Ghrifc 
tianity .?* Since the Procedure of Ptovrdcnce in tliis 
vifible Syftem, is a continued Seriefe of ftupendous 
and unfearchable Operations ;,need Wc be alarmbd, 
can We reafonibly be offended,' i if the Bcheme of 
Redemption iV'IequaUy^ fti]pend6«s, ilsniif • mane 
amazing? Yet, though amazing^ I hope it .will 
; ^-^ E 3 . not 

54 D I A L O G U E 11. 

not appear, what You was pleafed to infinuJitc, 

Suppofc, Wc ftate the Signification of the Terms ; 
and adjuft the Boundaries of our Subjeft, before Wc 
enter upon a Survey of its Contents ? 

Ther. Such a Caution would have prevented, at 
leaft have fliortened, many a vehement and tedious 
Controvcrfy. — ^You fee, on yonder Heath, the Pre- 
parations for an approaching Race. There ftand 
the Po/lsy which are to mark out the Limits of the 
Courfe. Without this previous reftri£Kve Care, 
how irregular would be the Excurfions of the con- 
tending Steeds ! How difficulty rather how impofftblty 
to declare the Conqueror, and award the Prize !*— 
A clear Definition of Terms, feems equally ne- 
ceflary for candid Difputants. Without it, they 
may wrangle for Ages, yet never come to a Deter- 

Jfp. We were lately confidering the tranfcendent 
Excellency of the Scriptures. Here We have a 
moft ftriking and capital Exemplification of the 
Subjed, — The Light of Nature might teach Us 
fomcwhat, relating to the Juftification of Man in 
a State of Innocence. But it knows nothing of the 
Method, vrhereby fallen and guilty Man, may be 
juftified in the Sight of GOD. This is a Secret, 
hid from all the Refearches of Reafon, and from 
all the Sages of Antiquity. To the Prophets and 
Apoflles alone. We owe the Difcovery of this Mine 
— this rich and. inexhauflible Mine, of holy Con- 
folation and heavenly Treafure. 

Ther. I wait for a Specimen of your Treafure, 
w a Definition of your favourite Point, 



Jl/p. Jujtification is an Aft of GOD Almighty's 
Grace; whereby He acquits Sinners from their 
Guilt, and accounts them righteous*; for the- 
Sake of CHRIST'S Righteoufnefs, wrought oxip 
far them, and imputed to them. 

Thfr. Two of your Terms want fome farther Ex- 
planation. What do You underftand by CHRIST*^ 
Righteoufnef^i and what is the Meaning of imputed? 

Afp. By CHRISTs Righteoufnefs I under- 
ftand, the Whole of his aSfive and pajjive Obe- 
dience ; fpringing from the perfciJi Holinefs of his 
Heart ; continued through every Stage of his Life ; 
and extending to the very laft Pang of his Death.— 
By the Word imputid I would flgnify. That this 
Righteoufnefs, though performed by our LORD, 
is placed to our Account ; is reckoned or adjudged 
"by G O D as our own. Infomuch, that We may 
plead it, and rely on it, for the Pardon of our 
Sins ; for the Communication of G»ace ; and for 
the Enjoyment of Life eternal.— ShalJ I illuftrate 
my Meaning by a well attefted Faft ? 

Ther. Nothing gives Us fo eafy a Conception of 
any difficult Point, as this Method of explaining, 
by parallel Fa£ls, or proper Similitudes. 

Afp. I don't fay the Cafe k parallel. I only pro-* 
duce it, to aid our Conceptions.— Owj/wwi/x, You 
know, was Philemon's Slave f. He had perfidiot^fly 
deferted his Matter's Service, and ftill more perfidi- 
oufly ftole his Goods. The Fugitive, in his guilty 
E 4 Rambles, 

• Should any Reader objcd to the Definition ; appre^ 
fiending, that J unification implies no more, than tlxf 
far don of Sins ; I would defire Him to fufpend his Judg- 
ment, till He has jpcruied Dialogue X. where this Poin^ 
Is more circumftantially confidercd* 

t See the Epiftle Xt Pbilemon. 

56 p I A L O G U E n. 

]^aii>Mt6| prtftidentially meets with St, Paul He 
is ch|irme4 and captivated with that gracious Gof- 
p^li which proclaims Mercy even for the vileft of 
dinners. He becomes a fincere Convert to the 
Religion of JESUS^ and is received into the fpi- 
rkual P^troi^e of the Apdftle. Who, being in- 
S^vm^d 6f his diflioneft Cpndu<5):, - and obnoxious 
State^ undartakQ) to bring about a Reconciliation, 
with his offended Maftei :: dii^2^tche$ Him, for this 
Pwfpofe, wkb.a Letter to P^r/r;w«»r; and, amongft 
«t}|e| Perfuafiy^s, writes thus in the poor Crimi- 
]pal*3 B^lklf 5 1/ He hath wronged Thee ^ or oweth 
The^ aught^ pta that an mine Accaunt. I Paul have 
^rktenitwifh mine ^wn Handi f loill repay it. 

That^^wkich the z^ealous Pf-eaeher of Chriftianity 
tgMed, the adored AUX-HOR of Chriftianity 
e^ee^uHd.-^We, had revolted from the LORD of 
all Lords, and broke his holy Commandments. 
The SON of GOD, infinitely compaflionate, 
Touchfafes to become our Mediator* That nothing 
might be wanting, to render his Mediation fuccefs- 
fal,-He plac^i Himfelf in our Stead.- The Punifli- 
jnent, which We deferred. He endures. The Obe- 
dience, which Wi owed. He fulfils. — Both which, 
being imputed to Us, and accepted for Us, are the 
Foundation of our Pardon, are the procuring Caufe 
«^f our Juftification. . 

■ , Thsr^f Is this thc.exaft Signification of the origi- 
»al Word,, v^rhich W« trahflatc imputed? 
. jffp^ In the Book of Nurhhers^ We meet with this 
Phrafe \ and in fuch a Connedlion, as clears up its 
Meaning. — JEHOVAH enads a Decree con- 
Hffilng. the Leviies ; who had no Vintages to ga- 
ther, nor any Harv^fts to reap 5 only the Tythcs 


DIALOGUE 11.^ 57 

of both, to receive. The tenth Part of thefe their 
Tythes, He dire6ls them to prefent, in the Form 
of a Heave-offering : adding. And this your Hecrje- 
offering Jhall he reckoned * unto Ycu-^ as though it 
were the Corn of the ^hre/htng-floor^ and as the Fulnefs 
of the JVine-prefs : as fatisfactory to me, and as bc- 
neikial to You, as if it was the Tenth of your own 
Labours, and the Tythe of your own Increafe.— 
So, the expiatory Sufferings, which CHRIST 
endured ; the complete Obedience, whic> He per- 
formed; 2j:c reckoned tq true Believers. As though 
the former were fuftained in their own Perfona, 
' and the latter fulfilled in their own Lives. Arc 
altogether as effe£iual<i for obtaining their Salvation, 
as if they w^ere their own perfonal Qualifications. 


* Numb, xvnu 27. Stt^TO exa<flly anfwcrs to St, Paulas 
i;w)/t#S»j, Rom> iv. 9. --The fame Phrafe is ufed, and the 
fame Dodlrine taught, Lcv^ xvii. 3, 4. What Man f&-- 
enjer there be of the Houfe^ of Ifrael thai killeth an Oxj or 
Lambi or Goat in the Camp, by way of Sacrifice, or ibir 
tkc Purpofe* of Atonement ; and bringeth it not unto the 
Dear of the Tabernacle of the Cengregati^n, to offer unto the 
LORD an Offering before the tabernacle , the grand 
Type of the Body of CHRIST-, Bkod fmll be 
imputed to that Man ; He hath Jhed Blood ; and that Man 
Jhall be cut off from among his People. ^-Here was no Mur- 
der committed by the Offender, yet the Crime of Mur- 
der 19 charged ; or, as the Scripture fpeaks, Blood is im- 
puted to Him. Left Any fhould miftake the Meaning ^f 
this Expreffion, or not under{land.i(: in itsrdue Latiti^de, 
the Divine LAW-GIVER is his own Interpreteri 
He hath in the Eye of my Juftice/^^/ Blocd : He ^ihal* 
pafs for a Murderer, and be punilhed as a Murderer t 
He fhall be cut off from among his People, — Thus alfo fkith 
the eternal JUDGE concerning the Believers in 
CHRIST; "The RighteouJ^iefs of my S O N is-im* 
" puted to them j they are in the Eye of my Jufticc nigj^ 
*' feous: they fhall be dealt with, ^s righteous PerfoftS'l 
" made Partakers of the Kingdom of Heftven.*' 

58 D 1 A L O G U E IL 

Ther. The Imputation mentioned in your Paffage^ 
is the Imputation of fomcthing done by the Levites 
themfelvea, not of fomcthing done by Another. 
This, I apprehend, is the true Import of the Word, 
when it occurs affirmatively in Scripture. 

Afp. This is always the Import — fliould have been 
faid, in order to make the Objeftion forcible. But 
You could not fo foon forget the Inftance, juft now 

St. PauU fpeaking of the Crimes, which Oneft^ 
mus had committed 5 and of the Injuries, which 
Philemon had fuftained ; fays, « Charge them all on 
« me. The Original is, impute * them all to me. 
*« The Meaning is, I will be refponfible for all. 
«« As much, as if the whole Guilt had been of my 
«* own contraaing f." — Here is fuppofed, not the 
Imputation of fomething done by the ApoftJe Him- 
felfy but of Another's criminal Behaviour. 

What is written in the Law, and what is written 
in the Gofpel ? In both thefe Places^ How readeft 
Thou p.-'In the Gofpel, I read ; vThat Righteouf- 
7Tefs is imputed without Worlds J. This utterly ex- 
cludes every Thing performed, or acquired, by the 
Party Himfelf. — Befides j We are affured, that 


• EjBts* fXX«/i<, the very Words ufed by the Apoftlc, 
wh^n ftating the Method of our Juftification. 

+ Thus We may fuppofe our LORD fpeaking; 
*• Thefe poor Sinners have wronged Thee, O FA- 
*« THER, by their Unrightcoufnefs and Ungodlinefs. 
** They owe Thee an inconceivably vaft Sum. A Debt 
** of confum mate Obedience, and complete Satisfaftion. 
** Pttt it all on my J c count. I JESUS ha've 'written it 
*• *wiih my onvn Hand: I imil repay it* Now I give my 
*• Bond; and, in the Fulnefs of Time, Lo! I comi /« 
•• fulfil my Engagement." 

X Rom. \\\ ^-r 

D I A L O G U E 11. 59 

GOD jujlifies the Ungodly ♦ ; thofe, who have no- 
thing of their own, but abominable Iniquities. To 
thofe, therefore, fomething clfe muft ncceflarily 
be imputed, befides their own perfonai Deeds. 

Under the Law, Aaron is commanded to put ih/ 
Iniquities of Ifrael upon the Scape-Goat f • — ^The 
fame Sentiment is reincukated, when the Goat is 
faid to bear the Iniquities of^the People J. This was 
plainly an Imputation ; yet, could not poffibly be 
the Imputation of any Thing done by the devoted 
Animal J. — The .^^j which took place upon the 
Execution of this Ordinance, indicate a Tranfla- 
tion of Guilt. For, the Congregation wascleanfed^ 
but the 'Goat polluted. The CongTcgation fa 
deanfeJ^ that their Iniquities were conveyed away« 
and to be found no more. The Goat fo polluted^ 
that it communicated Defilement to the Man, whor 
conduifted it into " the Land not inhabited." — ^Att 
this was GOD's own Appointment; and dcr 
figned, like the whole Syftem of Mofak Cerenwr- 


• Rom, IV. 5. + Lev. xv. iik \ Lev. 

xvi, zz, 

II The Words of the^facred Ordinance are very em- 
phatical. Aaron fiall lay both his Hands upon the Head tf 
the li<ve Goat, and confefs ever Him all the Iniquities' of the 
Children of Ifrael j and all their TranfgreJJions in all their 
Sins J putting them upon the Head of the Goat, and JhaHfaid 
Him a*way ty the Hand of a ft Man into the Wildirnefs. 
And the Goat Jhall bear upon Him all their Iniquities^ unto 
a Land not inhabitkl. — ^Wh^tever Senfe the Men of 
Learning and Refinement may force upon thefe Wqrds, 
Aaron Jhall put aU their Tranfgreffions upon the Head of the 
Goat ; The Goat JhaU hear upon Him ail their Iniquities ; I 
.think the common People of Ifrael could fnd no other 
Meanring in them, than fuch as denoted a transferring 
of Guilt, from jhc Congregation to their Vidim. An4 
this is Imputation. 

6o D I A L O G U E H. 

nies, to in&m&. his Church in the Knofwledge of 
the great MEDIATOR. In the Knowledge of 
that wonderful Method, whereby we have Re- 
demption from our Sins, and Righteoufhefs unto 

Ther. If this is your Meaning, Aj^afio \ I am apt 
-to think, it will to a difficult Matter to make me a 
Profclyte. I muft be content to pafs for one of the 
•ftiff-necked Generation. Sihce, I can fee neither 
WiWom norEquify) in afcribing toaPerfon, what 
He has not ; or imputing to Him, what He does 
^not. ' ' ' 

•^ Aj^i It w^as liot Afpafio^ but hie Friend, 14*0 fet 
«<iut w^h a View of making Profelytes. If I <!a*i 
«i>aintain my Ground, and vindicate my 6Wn Be*? 
flief, it will be no iriconfiderable Acquifition. — 
however, *I fhall not defpair of feeing the- I'aftner 
of my Heart, become a Sharer of my i^aith . When 
We arerconvineed of our mmberlefs Sins'j when We 
Ael^the Depravity of our Nature ; and begin to dif- 
cern the inconciivahle S anility of our JUDGE ; 
THEM, perhaps, this exploded Article maybe found 
worthy of Acceptancei— its Conftitution admired, 
as the Wifdom of G O D — and its Privilege co- 
veted, as the Confolation of our Souls. 

'Tt>er. I fhall wave at prefeAt, an Examination (si 
esch Particular 5 and only make fome remote Ob- 
fcrv^.tfo^s. Which feem, neverthelefs^ pretty nearly 
to afrccl your Scheme. — Some Perfons, I dare be 
pofitive, have not fo much as heard of your Terms ; 
^many and more have not the leaft Acquaintance 
with your Doftrine. Will you fttike off all ^h'efe 
. "' from 

D I A L O G U E IL 6t 

Yram the Lift of Chriftians ? Will you condemn all 
thefe as defperate InBdels ? 

Afp. Not heard of them ! — In a Proteftant Na- 
tion !— Where the Gofpel is publicly preached, and 
the Bible in every One's Hand !- — ^This, if true, is 
much to be lan^ented. 

la Anfwer to your Queftion — It is not my Cuf- 
torn, much leff. is it my Prerogative, to cdndemh 
Others. Has GOD committed all Judgment unto 
me ? That I fliould prefuhie to anticipate the deci- 
five, Sentence, or launch the Thunderbolts of eter- 
nal Vengeance ? — ^Neither do I affirm the Condition 
of fuch Perfons to be defperate. There may be 
Thofe, who have no explicit Knowledge of the Doc- 
trine ; who are even prejudiced againft the Expref- 
fions ; yet live under the Belief of the Truth, and 
in the Exercife of the Duty.-— " They are never 
*' diverted, by the Splendor of any Thing that is 
•* great, or by the Conceit of any Thing that is 
** good in them, from looking upoh theinfelves as 
*^ Jinful Dm^ and Aflies." Their whole Depen- 
dence is upon that jfUST ONE, who expired on 
the Crofs, and whom the Heavens have received. 
They feek the fandifying SPIRIT, in confe- 
quence of their S A VI O U R's Death ; and give 
all Diligence, to add to (heir Faith Virtue *. 

Ther, If People may be fafe, and- their eternal 
Interefts fecure, without any Knowledge of thefe 
Particularities ; why fliould you offer to puzzle 
their Heads,, about a few unneceflary fchdajlic. 
Terms ? ^ ' 

• Afp. Scriptural Terms; You fliould have faid, 
Huron. — Howpver, We arc npt very felicitous, as 

• 2 Pet; i 5* 

62 D I A L O G U E II. 

to the Credit, or the Ufe, of any particular Set of 
Phrafes. Only let Men be humbled, as cotvui£fed 
Criminals^ at the REDEEMER'S Feet : let them 
rely, as devoted Penjionersy on his precious Merits : 
and they are undoubtedly in the Way to a blifsful 
Immortality. — ^Yet, will their Way be lefs clear, 
their Steps more embarrafled, by not diftindly un- 
derftanding the benign and conf^latory Dodirine, 
oi free JujUfication through the Righteoufnefs of JE^ 
SVS CHRIST. A proper Information, as to 
this important Point, would fhed Light upon their 
Paths, and encourage them in their Journey ; 
would further their Progrefs in Holinefs, and in-* 
creafe their Joy in the LOR D. 

Tber. The Followers of your Opinion, I have 
obferved, are perpetually dwelling upon this one fa- 
vourite Topic ; to the Excluiion of that grand and 
truly eflential Part of Chriftianity, Sanilification. 

Afp* If you have ever taken notice of fuch a Con- 
du<a. You are unqueftionably right, in with-holding 
your Approbation. It is a manifeft Incongruity, 
and dcferves your Cenfure. But, affure Yourfelf, 
it proceeds from a Mifapprehendon in the Perfons, 
and has no Connexion with the Nature of the 

I am far, very far from reducing the various Parts 
of Chriftianjty, (which, when conne£kcd, make «p 
fo well-proportioned aSyftem) to this ^ng!ey how- 
ever diftinguilhed Branch, Sanftification is equally 
neceflary, both to our prefent Peace, and to our 
final Felicity *. Indeed, they are as reciprocally 


• Not to odtain our Peace and Felicity. This is done 
folely and completely by JESUS CHRIST, But as a 
ncccffary and eminent Ingredient in both. 


neceflaiy, for the Purpofes of intelle<aual and eter- 
nal Happiiiefs ; as the Htart and the Lungs are, to 
the Subfiftence of the animal Oeconomy, The 
former muft tranfmit, the latter muft refine, the 
vital Fluid ^ or elfe» Difeafe will take place, and 
Death -will enfue. — My Intention is, that thofe 
fundamental Truths of theGofpel, like thefe Maf- 
ter-Organs in the Body, may have each its proper 
Office affigned ; each concur to fupport the better 
Health, and to promote the fpirttual Growth of the 

Ther^ Other of your zealous Folks I have known, 
who are all for th^ fan£fifying Influence of the SPI- 
RIT; and reckon this Affiance on the S A- 
VIOUR's Merits, among the beggarly Elements 
of Religion. They fcarce ever mentidit What 
CHR IS T has iouQ for Us ; but infift wholly up- 
on, What He docs in L/>,— When the religious 
People are fo divided among themfelves *, how can 
a Stranger aft ? Which Opinipn (hall He prefer ? 

J/p. Let Him not prefer, but aflbciate. Dif- 
card neither, but choofe both. — ^If the All-gracious 
REDEEMER has poured out his Blood on the 
Crofsj that my Guilt may b^ expiated ; and pre- 


* nerott*s Enquiry concerning thefe /wo Particulars, 
is fometimes made an Objedlion againft /z// Religion.— 
Have the Gentlemen, who adopt this Objedion, never 
fcen the Nattiralifts divided in their Judgment ; with re- 
lation to the Deiign and Uie of feveral Appearances in 
the material, the vegetable, the animal Creation? While 
One decries as a Nmjknce^ what another admires as a 
BeatOy, — Yet no One, I believe, ever took it into his 
Head, from fuch a Diverfity of Opinions, to douk whe- 
ther the Fraale of Nature is a jult, a regular^ and a 
finift^cd S^H?n\ : or to </<?»/, That PoweK, Wifdom, and 
Goodriefs, fupport, dired, and pcrta,dc the Who^e. 


Tents his Interceffion in Heaven, that I may be en- 
dued with the SPIRIT :— If He will be the me- 
ritorious Caufe of my Juftification, and the operative 
Principle of my Sahftification : — ^Why fhould I 
fcruple to receive Him, in cither, in both Capaci- 
ties ? Who would lop off the Right-hand, in order 
to impart the higher Dignity, or the greater Im- 
portance to the Left ? I would be no Partialift in 
Chriftianlty : neither diminifh her Dowry, nor 
mutilate her Privileges. 

Ther. You feem, if not to mutilate, yet to fplit 
the Merits of CHR ISTy and parcel out the Effi- 
cacy of his mediatorial Undertaking. Afcribing fo 
much to his adive, and fo much to his paffivc Righ- 
teoufnefs ; Pardon to this^ and Life to that. 

Jfp. Some, perhaps, may be pleafed with this 
Way of ftating the Matter. But, it is a Method, 
which I neither attempt, to defend, nor wifli to 
imitate. — ^To dljltngujjh between the aftive and 
paffive Righteoufnefs, I think, is not am^fe. Be- 
caufe, this fets the Fulnefs of our LOR D's Me- 
rit in the clearefl Light ; and gives the completeft 
Honour to G O D's holy Law. — But to divide 
them into detached Portions, independent on each 
other, feems to be fanciful, rather than judicious. 
For, had either Part of the mediatorial Obedience 
' been-wanting ; I apprehend, neither Pardon, nor 
.Acceptance, nor any fpiritual BIcffing, could have 
been vouchfafed to fallen Man. 

The two Paris are infeparable ; making, in their 

Corineftion, a neceffary and nohX^'Whok^ for the 

. AccompliQiment of our Salvat'^on. Juft as the 

Light -and the Heat of yonder :Suni| unite their 

^OpcSt^onj to produce thi6 dcKghtful Diy, and 


ftis iimitMWeat*cr.**-Hcrprwci', theiJefofe, 1 m^- 
happen taexprpfiiinjifWf, Incvof eorifider the ac- 
tive ^t diepaifiivcs Kligtitooafnefr)^ cil tixe ixdufive 
Scf£& ; btiC wotitd ahvBys have them, trmlerftood, ar 
a? gr^di sitid gionotts. Aggitegate. Looking^ i^n; 
0u« SiAVl^^U&'si onives&l OBedience^ wliick 
epmmencdh at his Incaoenatkui > was: carried qxa- 
fkrough hte l^h v ailil ccriiiiiiaced iit his Death ;f^ 
kfdkiAg u^n ^ tkis^ in its' attieitiw Forniy as dtcl 
0%je& of ^ fs^, and tbei Fdun&tioii of xxxf. 

T^\ I diiiiiky Ycat kjr to^ nftrcb Sttefe upon this 
c6]ltro>ra^dd,- sMd peiha^s mefdy ffuul^w Point. • 

Aff^ Il^et)^ fpcc4Alativ« ! Say irot thue, my dfar 
FrSeftA— .« Hwr I mfey be juftified before GOD^ 
•* myMdlB*, my Goveifiior, aiiwi my^Judge?'* Ta^ 
of alL Enqmric^y tiitf Diibfl^il^^^ivi^ ^xAunf^tum^ 
It is the main HiWgfV <^^fci)eh ev«ry Inil&Acd oi 
p^aat^d Rd4gS«»h t^Ems^-t. TrueCoaifojft, wiUtng 


• In tlily Ophiiwr^ Afpap hasrl^ttM^st Archacfget for 
his ft-e<^6$»it. MlUBoil ^pealdbg. of Jks L0£LD a&d /7«i* 
tORD,feys; , , 

The h9i9t of G Q I> exaft he fl«U ful6lit 

^^/)& ^ ObeJience and by Love^ though Love 

Alom fuift tit Lof^ f thy Purtifhtncn t 

He (hail eftdurr^ by ctamng m tie fkfl> , 

7*0 a reproachful Life and curfed Death ; 

Proclaiming Ilife to ail 'wbojhall Mieve . 

Jn his kedemi^tioa. fi. Xff. 40i» 

According to the TeiKWr of t^cfo very vduable'Liiie^ 
our LQ'RI>*9ffaltllitig-theLatr; and cfndinpixig the Pu- 
liiihirient, aK th^^^ftknrr'ik^Cmkii or the one cvtkf^unit 
Caufe, ofi lAfe Mid Redi^ption to Sinners, 
t mffmntfi, <ky«f t!i« ludidiousi fp'njh^i, Jufiifkahnih 

Doarina per> iHwk "fh^tlop^ Gorfus^y tf fixfnt Fttkikfikrita 
Vol. I. F ^,V, 


Obedience, holy Communion with, the Divint? 
MAJESTY, tf// depend upon this capital Point. 

Far from being a merely fpeculative Point, ift 
afcribes the moft undivided Glory to the ever-bleflcd 
GOD, and his free Grace.-^t adminifler^- tha 
moft ferenc and fubfianttal Satisfat^ipas to frail^ but 
believing Man.— It cherifhes, wkh the moft kindijR 
Influence, that pure and undefikd Religion, wbkh 
has its Seat in the Hearl; has its Birth from Love ^ 
and is a r^eal Antepaft^ both, of the Bu/mefs and the 
Blifs of Saints in Light. 

Inihortj Juftification through the Righteoufnefs 
of JE S'US CHR^IS r, . is ah Article of Religion, 
whofe Benefits are (to ufe a charming Simile fug- 
gefted by this ru«al PxoQje<a) numerous as thBud 
of the Fietd*.^^2inWej then, lay too much Strefs 
upon a Doctrine, fa greatly momentous i upon a 
Privilege, fo extcnfively bene^cial f 

Ther. When all this is. provfJ^ then for my. Re- 
ply, 'Jfpa/h. Nay, then You fhall have more than 
a Reply >* I -promife You my cordial Affent* . 

Jl/p. And if all this be incapable of Proof, I af- 
fure You, Theron^ I wiil not ,folicit your AflentJ 
Nay jnoye, I will revoke and re»ounce my own. 

Ther. Atprefent, I believe,; We muft go in, and 
prepare for our Vifitants, Some other Interview 

* may^ 

hie 9 *vel hene^. nJel male^ j^^^ y««6 f* Uni'Ctrfym j£dificium 
•bel folidius nuguftiufque a/cendit, hjel male ftatttminatum fa^ 
flammtnitatur Ruinam»' DetScoa.- 

" The Article of free Juftificatioiir fays the ^alous 
'*• Luther, i« the chiefeil Article of all Chriiiian Do&ine. 
'* The Majeily and Utility whereof; whofo rightly ef- 
/• tcemedi, to Him aK other Things fhall feem but vile^ 
'** and agthijag worth." Comment.- on Galat^ 
♦ Eiek. ;Kvi. 7. 

D I A'L O G U E IL 6f 

nwijr cC<?rd; lJs.Lfeiliire> to Canvafs this Queftioix. 

. i^. .Though I have never much Inclination,- 
eyen wKenthiere is the moft Leifure, for Contro- 
v^rfy ;^ yet^^if You jnfift upon^it, I fhall not abfo- 
lutely refufe to ehg^gein a Debate with my Theron* 
Bocftufe, He will qqme to the amicable Rencounter, 
withpUt ; bringing angry PaJJians for his SecoAd.-**^ 
M/iReafonfi will be impartially weighed, not art** 
j fully eluded, much lefs anfwered with Inve<Sive.— » 

* If fome inadvertent Expreflion fliould drop from my 
I LipTj He will not rigoroufly profecute the Slip;, 

nor aggravate an unguarded Sentence into the Crime. 
' of Herefy. — Candour will form his Judgment, and 

* Good-nature .diftate his Expreflions. 

•• . ^her, I thank You, my Atzr- Jfpafio^ for. your 

\ genteel Admonition. What / am^ in the Language 

f of Complaifance, means. What I Jhould if .—Well : 

[ ' I will endeavour to take your Hint, and check this 

[ my Impetuofity of Spirit. I have admired, O ! that 

'\ I^coi^ld jimitate, the beautiful Example of St. Paultk 

Wh/^nFeJIusj forgfetting the Dignity 6f the Gover- 
nor, and the Politenefs of the Gentleman, uttered 
that indecent Refle<aion ; Paul, ihou art hefide thy-- 
feif: much Learning doth make Thee mad. Did the 
great Preacher of Chriftianity kindle into Refent- 
fnent?-;— The Charge was unjuft and abufive. But 
the Apaftic, .with'a perfedl Command of Himfelf,; 
jreturncd tlie fofteft^ yet t:he.mofl; fpirite^ Anfwer 
imaginable. ' I ani not mad^ moji noble F^us; buf 
fpeQk\t})e Words of '.Truth and Sobernefs'^, — Infex- 
^ ' ^ preffibly 

. * Sed 4^s xxvu Where We have an Apology, the 

in oft delicate aod mallerly, perhaps, that ever wae mace ; 

"S z eminent 

6B DU A IL Cr C; U^ B Hi 

praffibly graceful was this- cakw mA obliging^ Repf f, * 
Though ihort, infinitely more, convincing dim<»: 
whole Torrent' of- bitcer or vecriminatitig Words. 
If dffarmed^the Judge'of hi^ rifing EKi^lesfore y it 
cronciliated the Favour Of bis' rofAi AthShry and* 
brought IfoAour Uythe Chri^w:; Cauft. 
; This^ amiable Sell^R^imeiy, aod Moderations^ 
Temper^ { Atall^be ftire to ibe exemplified in my 
FirlcndV Converiatibn ; Kowrever f ntay fait 6f it 
ifiyffelf, or Be ?Voo^ agatnft aJl-hts Arguments* 

J^. AHf Therotty W« want no Mbmtor, to^re-^ 
mind^^lTs of otrr ftrppbfcd Exceifencies. And if Yoi^- 
ftegin with your Compiiments, it is Time ta put an- 
Aid' t6 our Difdourfc. 

Only let me jufrobfeFve; That divine Truths can- 
not be properly difcerned, but by the enlightening 
Inffuences of the Divine SPIRIT. We muft ad-: 
drefs Ourfelves to-fliis Enquiry, not only with un- 
prejudiced' Mmcfe, but likewifti with playing Hearts^ 
We muft bring to this l!>ifpufe,^ not barely the Qui- 
ver of Logic, hut that Un£fion from the HOLT 

eminent.fbr //R? Addr^fi, clear Ki^lbmrigr znA important 
Truth. Whichj not with'tfimding all thefe very. fapcrioft 
R^ommendatioiu, is' deemed J^d^^ : and tbat^ by a 
Nobleman from i2^»w~; the Seat of Science^ and Foun- 
tain-head of polite Literature. — An Evidence tKi^, no 
lefs demonftrative than deplorable, of the Apoftle's. Af-' 
ftrtion r ^i^ natural Mum Kowerer ittgeiiious or accom-* 
pliflied, retei'vetb not the'Things a/the SPIR IT of GOD; 
Nay, the^ are Fcolijkn/'jy. mt9 Hrm, The ^iJ<?^^» Virtue, 
and the Athenian Philofophy ; theTelF- ad miring Pharifee,- 
and the free-thinking Sadducee ; all concur to pour Con- 
tempt upon that Perfon and that Kighteoufnefs, which 
are the one adequate Object of th^ divine Delights 
Therefore our LORD moil- juftly- declared ji?/^^ ii 
He J ^ho/oe'yer Jhall not he'vffended In me^ 

D t A L O G ^U E IL ,6^ 

O NEy which may Uach TJs all Things *. — ^Let Us 
then adopt the Poet'^ Alpiration ; 

> Thou eelejlial Lights 

Shine inward^ and the Mind through all her Powers 

Irradiate 'y there plant Eyes; all Mijl from thence 

' Purge and difperfe f 

Milton, B- III. ^r* 

. • I John iL 20, 27. 


Df A' 


T H E R O N. 

^^E are now, Affafto^ about two Miles 
\^ilm ^^^^^^ ixox^ my Houfe. The Horfe- 
Road lies through a narrow dufty Lane, 
, , ,^ ^. ,_.. The Foot-Path leads along a fpacious 
(H^iTi^— -^ pleafant Meadow. Suppofe, We de- 
li v»er our Horfes to the Servant, and walk the Re- 
mainder of the "Way ? / 'Ti 

Afp. You could not make a Propofal, more agree- 
able to my Inclination. Efpecially, as the Air is 
become cool, and the Walk is To invitirfig. 

What a magnificent and charming Sc^ne ? — Hills, 
on either Side, gently rifmg, and widely fpreading. 
Their Summits^ crowned with fcattered Villages, 
and cluftering Trees. Their Slopes, divided into 
a bcayteous Chequcr-work ; confifting partly of 
Tillage, with its waving Crops ; partly of Paftur- 
agc, with its grazing Herds. — Before Us, the Tre- 
foil, the Clover, and a Variety of graffy PlantSy 
diffejrejjtly bladed, and ^if^prently branched, weave 
themfelves into a Carpet of living Green. Can any 
of the ManufacSures formed in the Looms, or ex- 
tended in the Palaces of Perjia^ vie with the Cover- 

E) I A L O G U E nr. ji 

ing of this ample Area ? Vie with it, in Grandeuf 
of Size, or Delicacy of Decoration ? . 
. What a Profufion of the gayeft Flowers, fringing 
the Banks, and embroidering the Plain ! — ^Nothing 
can be brighter, than the Luftre of thofe filver 
Daijtes ; nothing deeper, than the Tinge of thofe 
g6iden ^rowfootr,- vYet, both feem to acquire ad- 
ditional Livelinefs, hy fucceeding to the Deformity 
of Winter, -and by flourifhing ainidft the frefheft 

' 'Ther, Nature is truly in her Prime i — The vegeta- 
ble Tribes are putting on their richeft Attire. Thofe 
Chefnuts, on our -Right-hand, i)egin to rear their 
flowering Pyramids \ thofe Willows, on our left, 
are tipt with Taffds of Grey j while yonder Pop- 
lars, which overlook the River, and feem to com- 
mand the Meadows, are pointed with RoHs of 

The Hawthorn, In every Hedge^ is partly turgid 
with filken Genis,' partly diffufed into a ihflk-^white 
Bloom. Not a ftraggling Furze, nor a folitary 
ThickM tm the Heathy but wears a rural Nofegay* 
Even amidft that fieglefted Dike^ the Aritm * rifes** 
in humble State; moft <:urioufly fhroudcd m her* 
kafy 'Tabernacle, and furrounded 'with luxuriant^ 
families, cacli dUtinguiihed by a peculiar Livery. 
. :F4 .of 

. i I . . •:..:•..•. - . 

• Jmm-^% wild Herb, wl^ich. unfolds but oue Leaf ?^ 
formed after a very fingular Pattern ; bearing fomc Re- 
femblance to the Mare**s Ear. It is really one of thfc 
prettied Fancier in Nat«re*s Wardrobe. So much ad- 
mired by the Country People, that they have dignified, 
it with the Appellation of Lmr^s aadhadieu Becanfe it 
looks, I fuppofe, fomewhat like a Perfon of Quality, 
fitting, with an Air of Eafc and Dignity, in his open 

5)kf Green. Lcplc :\rfierever W« will, all is a de-* 
lightful Pifplay of f^refent f^jcrtility, and a j^cou^ 
Pledge of futttre iPkaty,— **Now ^e exjperience what 
the rpyd Poet, ki very delicale imagery, deicribes ; 
The iPlnter is faft;y the Rmn is Qver^nd gone, ' Th4 
flawers /tp^ar on >th s^fl^A •; tbi ^ime f^ thi Shying 
of Birds is tome-^ anfi^k^ Voici pf the Tur^kis beard 
in our Land, The Fig-Tree putteth forth 4)er green 
Figs'y and the Vine with tbi tender Grap^ give 4 
good Smell *• 

JJj^.Yoxtv Quotation and the Scene mnUid .me 
erf a Remark, which ibould have taken plaoeinoar 
14ft N^t'^ DiicQurfc. Wh^n we were enunxer^t-* 
ing the Excellencies of the facred Writiags, i|ie- 
tli^inks^ we m^t have ^dcfcd 5---^4ne ypy ios^^^ 
P4i/kraly in ?Xi it^ flowery -Gnaceis, and .hlo^mH^ 
Ifpnours? Nevser have p ieen fiich 4^qfuifit^ 
Touches of rural Painting, or fuch fweet Ii^agq^ 
©f endeared Affeftioiii as in the Sa^g rf S(b^s mufncb 
is Spkmn's* AU tr\ip hriUiant^nd a^iji^ble Appe^* 
^ces ii^ Natuce are-en^l4»yed, to de^n^te th.e T^n*" 
dernef^ of his i^e^rtj who lis Love itf§lfcrT-t© pour*- 
^ay the? Seauty of hi-s Bej^fo^, who is 'The -ih^efl 
mmng tn fh^fimdr^^faJL d^fcri^ -tite JK^pinefe rf 
tkifi Swls, vfi^fs^JRello^ip iumth the f^trn^R^ 
andvmh hls.&n JESUS CM&ljST *. 

*See ! Thercny what the ^hearing Warmth, and 
the genial Showers, of Spring have done ! The 
rough Tree foftens into Verdure, The tagged 
Xhorn is robe4 wiOj 'Be^Aity. Even tJtle unculti- 
v^tpd Irane^ te^^i witfe Serbftg^ 5w*.*Ch*9ge, 
ib pleating <^nd ib enn|$bling, the GofpeQ of 
OHJt TS^T mtroriuccs into the Soiil.-^Nota ©^y, 

* Cant. ii. u, 12, 13, f I John i. ^* 

D 3 A L G U E :IU: ^5 

fc&rce an Hour pafibs, but this S<3afo» qf univ^rfal 
F.ccuiidity produces fomjcthing n£Wj fomething that 
ia^coyes the Afped^and iivcreafes the Riches of Na* 
tutfi. Aad is there any St^tp or any -Circumfta^cc 
of Life, in which the Faith pf CHRIST doe« 
XiC^ e^rt a ilmil^r Efficacy ? JDlo^ not .purify the 
]tlpart, and hti»g forth Fxutt unto ,GO D f 

This isJuppofed to he the fpiritual Meanijog of 
that fine defcriptivc Pi(9;uFe ♦, which You have 


• A fine l^iftare indeed ! Mpft judiciojifly planned ; 
moft flrongly contrafted ; and executed in the mod maf- 
teidy JVtasner. As it is pi!odtt4Md tp VieWy I ^vitl beg 
Leave to point ^outiionip i^f ^h^, highly rfoiOied Strokes. 

T-ke Winter is fafiy with aU its howling Winds, and 
piercing "Frofts. — I'h Rains tire overt which deluged the 
Meadows; «»// the Clouds are^©«^, which darkened the 
Skies. <— All is Serenity and Splendour above. While all 
is Gaiety and Beauty below. 

FLnverst of every graceful Form, and ^very glofly 
Stain, appear on t7je 2arth. Enamelling the Hills and 
Plains ; embroidering the Robe of Spring j and diff&fing 
Smiles over all the Face of Nature. 

The Time ef Silking »f Birds is come. Tie Woodland 
Choirs awake. £very green Bough, f nd every bloom- 
^g Spray, refounds with Harmony. From all Quar- 
tors, the Ear is charmed with artleis Strains; which are, 
«t.Qnj;e, thei^eifisfUonof Muiic, and the very Language 
of Joy. 

The Fine, ivith the tender Grapes ^ giiH a good SmelL In 
the Vineyard, the filken tjems* bufft, and the infant 
dufkrs appear. They breathe Balm on the gentle 
Gales, and perfume the foft delicious Air. In every 
Garcfen and every Qrove, the flowery Caikets are un* 
locked. They dTffafe' h.T and near thofe exqirifitc 
Odours, which regale the Stnell, and '' ttyokt the 
*• Heart." 

The Fig'-Tree fttttetb fhrfb her gnteu Figs % forms the 
embryo Fruit.; and eiccttes the agr«eab& Idea of ap« 
proachingTlenty. Addingto all the Ente^^awmwits of 



borrowed from the Cantkles. It difplap' the lentgn 
Agency of Grace and its Do^fcrmes ; efpeciafly, of 
our lord's Satisfaftion for Sin, and of his 
Righteoufnefe imputed to Sinners. The Bleffings 
operate, with much the fame favourable and happy 
Energy, both on our Morals -and Our Comforts; 
as ihttjweet Influences of the rcrnal Sun operate, on 
the fproutfng Herbs, and opening Flowers. 

"^her. If (iich %vcre the E^ds of your Doctrine; 
it would -ftand the fairer Chance for general Acc^p- . 

tation.r— But there arc^ feveral weighty. Scruples, to j 

Ise rernoyed, before PeriAi;is of a liberal and enlarge4 
IVay of TJimking, ca» aoquiefce in your Opinioa, 
Wiio;, for IrtftaBce^ cak perfuade Himfelf, that 
Wtiat Yov' call The 'Satisfaalon of CHRIST^ is 
confifteiTt with tfee DiAates of Reafon, or with 
the Perfeaions:of the D E I T Y ? ^ 

jifp- Let Qentlemen be candid in their Enquiries, 
kni truly liberal ki tlieir Way of Thinking • then, 
I fl^^qr :J?aj'feIfy.Jthe/jb .Scruples may be r^moved^ 
without much Difficulty. * ^ 

'-GOD, dip Almighty Creator, and fupreme Go- .< 

urernor of the World, having made Man, gave Him ' j 

a Law j-ivith a Penalty annexed, in cafe of Difobe?* j 

<ii^xwie.>«rTteiis'>iacred Law- our Fore-fatbcr Jdam ^ \ 

|>^efump,tuoufly broke ; and We, his Pofteritj, were ' ; 

involved In his Guilt. Or, fho^ld that Poifi|:'b^ | 

., • •. V - x:on-> . 

4he Eye aod the Ear, the more plea^ng^ bccaufe the 
aaiore important. Supports of Life and Health. 

Here then the njoft idiftipguilhing and delicate Circum^ 
fences are feleded. Whatever moft eminently and moft 
emiabiy charafterifes the Reafon. AH re heightened, by 
a JRetrofpe^ on Winter and its Horroura, from which 
we are • delivered. Alibis endeared, by a. Profpeflt of 
*iLtumnal Delights, for whicS Preparation is making. 

D-I A L O G U E lit 75 

eontnovcrted. We hnve undeniably made, by many 
perfonal Tranfgreffions, . his Apoftacy tyur own, — t 
Infomuch, that all have finned ; have forfeited 
tlieir Happinefs, and are become obnoxious to 

Man being thus ruined, none could Recover Him> 
except his- injured MAKER. Bat ihall He bo 
fecoverQd,-{hall He be.reftored, without fufFering 
the Punifhnicnt, dtie to his Crime, and threatened 
by hfs CJK E AT O R ?rr,-What then will become 
of the Jufiice of the Divine . LAWGIVER ? 
AmlhpwAall the Hpnour.oi hiy Holy Law be mwH 
tained ? At this rate, who would leverciice;. its. Au^r 
thority, or iear to.violatC/ it& Pj«cepts ?*-^Sinneri. 
might ijc cbilfoldene(loto iifiulfiply their' Tranfgrcft 
fions; and tempted -to 'think, that the GOD of 
irnnjaaiiitteiHolineis, tkciGOD .cf uncbangestblc 
Vera^ityj 'is:«//tf^^?fer fuckyanOM m.thmfidms *, ' 
•. Dpe3 It.a^tftppaar n^4fuly th^r./'w^ E^^pedifent 
^e devifed, in order to prevent thefe dillionourablc 
and horrid Confequences ? 

Thcr: Pri^eed t<>.infcirm Us;,;,what..th9 Expedi- 
ent 'is* . .. : ^. 

r. 4fP' ^^ afcertain the- Dignity 6f the fuprcm.^ 
Adminiftratiqjft, yet ^feue M^teiMfrom utter Dej 
ftrujftiai,: this a&nir^bfefPurpQf^ti^^ formed, and 
in tbft'FyiMfs of^Tfpie executed/ ^T•he fc<:ond Per^ 
fon of the ever-blefled TRINITY unites, th^ 
human Nftui»e 't:'(J'th^''I)Jyiliej .fuhmits ijiiyifelf to 
' . ' ' • the 

*• This was adually the CiSc^ as We are informed by 
the SEARCHER of Hearts, Avhen, ona particular Go- 
-dafion, Puniftiment was only retarded. How much more 
would fucb impious Opinions have prevailed, if^on this 
grand' Ad o£DifobedIfince> Puniihmeiit tiad been wtire^ 
forborne? Pfal. l. SJ^ ....w^t 


d)e:ObIig2(tioias of his People ; and .becomes rtfpom^ 
fitie for all ?th<Bir Guik. In this Capacity, He per* 
f€»3xis a perfed Obedience, and undergoes .the Sea- 
fence joi ^Beath : loakes a full Expiation of dieir 
Sins, and eftabliflies their Title to Life*— By which 
Means, .the Law \s 'fatiafied ; Juftice is magnified ; 
and the xiitheft Grace exercifed. Man enjoys a 
great Salvation, not to the Difcredit of izwy, buttP 
the.unfpeakable Glory of ally the divine Attributes. 

This is what We nveftn by CH£,JST'e 5atif- 
fafiion. And »thi6, I ihould imagine, wants no 
Recommendation to our '/m^r^yW^i'i2^ifya« 4 as, I 
am fure, itis.moft delightfully accommodated to^our 
liifireffed -Con^iiofu-^t is al(b confirmed hy many 
exppefs Paflages of ScrtptiiDe^ and illuftrated by a 
Variety of veiy fignificant Images. 

Ther. Pnqr, let mciw favoured with'idmexrf" your 
fcriptural Images. — After -Which, We^may enquire, 
whether your P<J<ftriae will ftand the Teft of Rea^ 

Jtfp. What i« your Notkm of a Ranfom? 

Ther. To ranfom, is to rfedeem any One from 
Captivity or Mlfery, by Purchafe, by Exchange, 
x>x fome other valuable C jnfideration . 

Afp. When friam ranfomed the dead Boiy of 
ife^^r from the vi^orious AihilUsy how was il: 

T^r. Sy paying <a ¥ri<e*^ — Thus F^him reco;- 
i^ered the Captives, which were taken by HanntbaU 
Jle tranfmitted -the Sjum required, and they were 
^ifchatged from their Confinement. 

# I ■ ^spj^n «r' ttirtfC(0« nvw9CL^ 

"^ it^tiJy Mch Price. .Myp^r^ical this, as applied by 
Homer : ftri£lly true^ when "referred to CHRIST^ 

Mp.^ Such is the RedeinptioA procured for S«i- 
Iters ky^ oar i0^i> JE&XJ& CMRJS'I'. 0£ 
fuch a Nature, (though incompswvabljfr more grand ■, 
and auguft in all its Circumftances) and cxpreffed 
l^ the very fan&e Word *• 37jw' 899^ (f Mam caMe^ 
not to be minijhre^mtits' hut- /tf mm^ y. andt^ give 
his Life a Rar^om for Manp 

CltRIST alfo paid a Price — a real Price— a 
moft fatisfa£tory Price, In Confideratit)n of which,^ 
our Freedom from Death, from Helly tt^m twtj 
penal Evil is granted. Te are redeemed. t> fays the 
Apoftle, not with corruptiifle Things y SiherandGdd^ 
tut with the prtcious Blood of 6HR /S^f^-^Lct m^ 
add one Text more ; which, in the fettfe- Style of 
commutative Jufticei aflcrt^ the' fem^' Trudi. 
CHRIST has redeemed l/j J, rtot by way df Eilw 


* Avifof am^vipa^ are ttfed irt this pretife Sigmficatfotf,- 
by tfie moil approved Aathois^ of G^^m— Awisre^rT* 
Xv'^ iW Awf^ctf xj iv< a»p^f«e»xJ7dc awiKol^ (ays PJjOarfJk 

fi^jXXtfr, fays our blefled SAVlOUH, Matt, xx: 28.— 
AwtXo^iwcrt To^A^lwr wyeo* is the Laagtf^e of BmofthentTi 
B^ AT i^fjMf- Tfit etf^rbXfflptf^dr jfdt' Ttt eaffjon^ afftr^ are the 
Words of St. Foul, Eph; i, 7.— To rf;?/iM7i& thig- impor- 
tant Point, and- to familiarife the comfortable Idea to 
our Minds, the facred Writers abound in this Phrafeolo- 
gy. Se-e Lukt i. 6%, iil 38. xxiv. 21. — Rnjt. iix. 24^— 
Tit\\u i^.-^Htb. ix. 12. 

t I Pet, i» 18; We have an^ eq^^tmUnt Expr<|lEoA^ 
nfedr io< the ^/fff Sigriificatioa> by one- of the corredeft 
Writers in tlie World ; 

Et Ffatrem Pollux alterna Mam rcdenrit. V i r c. 

X Gal» Hi. 13. E|<r3pa«»-*-Wearefaid to be* imtgirt, 
I' Cor. vi. 20. Net in a metaphorical Senfe, but really 
and properly. For, here the Price is mentioHedixi gene- 
1^1 ;. by. St'. Peter the Price iJ p^tieularly;^^?^-^^, i Pet. 
i. 18, 19. • . . :: 


treaty,' but by paying a Redemption-Price. Ke 
hath bought, not begged Us ofF^ from the Cterfe cf 
the Law. — YeS) my Friend, 

, Th Ranfim was paid dov)n: The Fund of Heav^n^ 

* Hecnftii inexhaujlihle exhaufted Fund^ 
j^mazing and amaz^dy pour*d forth the Prtce^ ^ 
All Price beyond. . Though curious to compute^ . 
Archangels faiVd to caji the mighty Sum f . 

Ther. Hold a little, good Afpafo. Confider th^ 
toiifequence of what You maintain. If there was 
a Ranfom in the Cafe, to IVhqm was it paid ? — The 
Devil had led Siniiers captive. They are faid, 
the Slaves of Satan. And fliall the bleiTed JESUR 
pay his Life to that accurfcd Fiend ? Shocking to 
imagine ! — Yet, Ihocking as it is, it muft follow 
from your own, and your Poet's Aflertion. 
: Afp' You- mifapprehend the Cafe, Tl&ifr^w. The 
Ranfom was paid to GOD.-^ Thou hajl redeemed. 
Us to GOD t» i^ the Confefiion of the Saints in 
Light.-r-He is the great Law-giver^ againft whom 
our Sfns are committed %' He is the great Houjholdery 
to whom the Debt is due ||. Satisfa6tion, therefore. 
Was made to the divine Law, and to the divine 
"Jujlice.^ The one of which was offended 5 the 
other violated ; and both concurred to denounce 
th'e-TranfgreflTor's Doom. — Of which Doom Satan 
was'oiily'the deftined Exec'utioner. ' Whofe Ma- 
lignity, and implacable Rage, GOD is pleafed to 
make the Infltrumcnt of inflifting his Vengeance. 
<' , .■h% 

. * .N%|it-Tbmiglus, N° IV. f Rev. v. 9. 

\ Pfal. li. 5. II Matt, xvili, 23, 24. 


D I A L a G U E IIL 7§ 

As Heftwrmerly Hfed the idolatrous Kirrgs of Aff^itf 
«] and Babylon J to chaftife the difobedient Ifraeliusl 

WhfnIVewerewkhoui Strength*^ iKterly ruined^ 
yet abfolutcly hclplcfs — when Nonc^ in Heaven or 
Earth, onuld aflfcrd Us any Succow — then our 
LORD JESUS CHRIST moft gtacioufly 
and moft feafonably interpofed. He faid^ as it 19 
very emphaticaUy reprefented by Elihwy. Deliver 
tbem from going down into, the Pit ; I have found a 
Ranfom^. Hedidy what is. very beautifully dc* 
fcribcd by our Englijb Clafftc \, 

' ' So Many as is mdjl jajf^ 

Shall fatisfy for Man^ he judg^d^ and dtr\ 

And dying rife^ and rifing with Him raife 

His Brethren^ ranfom'd with his own dear Life Jir 

Thet. But pray, do not You allow, th^t CHRIST 
is truly and properly GOD? 

Afp. We not only allow it, but We infifl: lipon \t^ 
and make our boaft of it. This is the very Fouur 
dation of his Merit, and the Support of our Hope. 
• Ther. This may aggrandize the Merit of CHRIST^ 
but it will increafe the Difficulty of your Tafk. For^ 
according to this Opinion, CHRIST cnuft make 
Satisfaction /« Himfelf. And is not* this a Pradlice 
quite unprecedented ? A Notion .pexfeftly abfnrd ? 

Afp, It is quite unprecedented, You fay.^^—On 
this Point, I fliall not vehemently contend; Only 
let me mention one Inftance, Zaleucus^ Youknovir, 
the Prince o'f the Locrians^ made a Decree, That 

' whoever 

• l^om. v.'6w t J<^t xxxiii. 24. - J Mi it, 

B. III.: 294. 

«o D I A L O G U E in. 

vhoeVei? was coiwi^^d of Adultery, fitould be? pii>^ 
niflied with the Lofs^ of both his* £yesf« Soon» after 
this^ Eftabliiiitneiitt the Legiflator's Qwn Sm^ was 
apprehended in the very FacS, sdid brought to ar 
public Trial.-«^o^ could tHe Fadbeif proceed, iit 
fe tendei and delicdts a Conjiin'^hire ?*— SbcuM Na 
execute the Lavf, Ini; dJi it$ Rigdurf This would 
be/ wbtfe than Deatik ta die unhsKppy Yoath;?w 
Sttould He pardori^ f^' notorimw^ a: Delinquent ^ 
This ikrovM defeat, the- Defignr of his- falutafry Ktifti^ 
tution. — ^To avoid both* thefe Incoitvenfetioies^ Htf 
ordered one of his own Eyes to be pulled out, and 
one of his Soil's* By which Mean^- the Righ t s - of 
Jufticc were- prefer vcd inviokte ; yet the Tender- 
nefs of a- Parent was remarkably indulged. And 
may We iK)t venture to fay ? That, in this Gafe, 
HaleUcus both received and made the Satisfaddion.—- ' 
Jteeeived it, as a Magiftrate ^ eveij while He made 
it, as a Father. 

Ther, I cannot fee, how this Suffering of the Fa- 
ther was, in any Degree, Jatis/a^ory to the Law ; 
fince the'Father and the Son could not beconfidered^ 
as one^ and the fame Perfon. It may pafs for an ex- 
fraordinary Inftance of parental Indulgence. It 
may ftrike the Benevolent and compaflionate Hearer. 
Hut, if tried at the Bar of Equity and Reafony it 
will hai^dly be admitted as any legal Satisfaftion, 
It will probably be condemned, as a Breach of 
Nature's- firft zni fundamental Law, Self-prefer- 

J/p. Your Gbjeftion, I muft confefs^ has Weight. 

It will oblige me to give up my Illuftration.— Ne- 

verthelefs, what my Friend urges againft the Pro- 

pf^y of the .C^mparifoliy;^ tends to eftabli& the 

6 . Certamty 

Ceftaiatygf tbeDoariac. Pp.^ CHRIST si^ni^if 
People are ^(SiiiaJly cwfidered, as one and the fame 
• Perfon. Th^y ^xq cn^ my&i^^ Botfy : HetherHe^^ 
they tl^e Meaibers : fo intimately united tp Hixn, 
that they, are St^ne of his BotUy and FUJh of his Fkjh ^. 
—By Virtu,e of which Unions their gins wer^ pu- 
ni0|ed in Him j and iy his Stripes they ar£ healed f^ 
they obtain ImpHnity and Life. 

Though there may be nothings in the Proceditf;e 
of Men, which bears any Refemblance to this Mi- 
racle of heavenly Goodnefs j it receives a fuiE,Gient 
Confirmation from the Laifguage of Scripture. 
He^ who wrote as an Am^uenfis to the unerring 
SPIRIT, has declared ; That G OJX nvas Jit 
CHRISTj reconciling the World^uiito Whom>? 
Unto fome third Party? No; but reconciling it, 
•by the Death and Obedience of CHRIST-— unto 
HimfelfX. And I can very readily grant, that this 
divine Exertion of Benignity and Wifdom, llhould 
b^ without a Precedent, and without a Parallel ||. 

Difljculties, I own, may attend the Explication 
of tkh Article, or be interwoven with its Confe- 
quences. But fince our Apprehenfions of heavenly 
Things, efpecially of the adorable TRINITY, 
are fo obfcure and inadequate. We may very eafily 
-miAake ; and fanfy that to be abfurd, which is 

Vol. I. G only 

• Eph. V. 30. f Ifai. iiii. 5. t 2 Cor, v. 19, 
> ^ Col. i. 20. 

H Fancy f in the Peiiba of Horace^ faid of Jupiter and 
his fabulaus. Exploits, 

Cut nihil *uiget fimile out fecundum* 

Much more will Reafon, in the Charafter of a Behewic^ 
fay the fame of JEHQVAH, and h^ maxvel^i^ 
Qrace^ . * / 


1h D I A L Of 6? U E -nt 

t>nly great, wohderfu!, arid incomprehcnfibk *.— - 
Nor let me be thought prefumptuous, if I venture 
to add ; That it wilt be impoffible, for all the Sr- 
'gacity in the World, to grove this Doftrifie an Ah^ 
'furdit^y though it ffibuld eViBr remaiA* an inexplicable 
TMyftery. — How many.Phaenomena in the Works of 
•^xterrial Nature, are.confeflcdlymyfterious* and In- 
explicable ! As to the Reality of their Exifteiicd^ 
'they challenge, they command' our Aflent ; as tOt 
the Manner of their Exiftence,,. they baffle all out 
'Refe^rches, and defy our utmoft Penetration, tf 
therefore the Foint under Debate, be fully and in- 
coiitcttably revealed in the Bible, We muft renounce 
,the Phifofopher, before We can confiflehtly a£l tKe 


^- The unfaraHeUdi nay, the iiuompr^njihle Nature of 
this great Tranfaftion, is no Objedion to its X'^'h and 
Reality. This is rather a Circumftance, whici perfcdtfy 
agrees with the Teftiniony of the infpircd Writers ; and 
aSoj-ds, in my OpinioiTf an unanfwerable Apgument for 
the divine Origin of Chriftianity. 

// agrus nxfiA. the Tejlimony of the infpired Writers y who 
call the Work of our Redemption, not only wji/e^ but 
Wifdom itfelf !« the Wifdom v/GOBf his Wifdom in a 
My fiery t evtnJ^is hiddtn Wifdom ! Or that deep myfUj- 
rious Plan, which has every CharaAer of the rooflfxon- 
fammate Wifdom ; which was long concealed from Agca 
and Generations; and.appears> now revealed » to ^on- 
lain fuch a Series of Wonders,' as no Underftanding ji?f 
Man or Angel can fully penetrate, i Cor. ii. 7. 
^ Jtaftbrds an unanfimerMbhAie^utmni fir the dimne Ori^ 
gin of Chriftianity. Since it was .iafinitcly too deep for 
the Contrivance .of Men, and Angek^ fince it is abfo- 
lutehr,undifcoverable by the. molt fagacious of created 
Intelligences J hb^ could it be known, but by Manifef- 
^fatign frbnr-above-? f^hence trould it take its Rife, .but 
lipm an ftfpecial Revelatioft?. 


' 7*/r. Let Us fte^heny Whether it be fo fally 
. . . and inc6nteftabljr revealed in the Bible.< — ^You haye 

' ♦.• given me, as yet, but one of your fcriptural Imagesi 

•' }/fJp. I have another at your Servict.—CHRl ST 

is* caMed an High-Priefi. What do You take to bte, 

the Nature of the Prieftly' Office ? 
^ . • y^. The Bufmtfs of ' the Prieft was, i appre- 

^ ' hend, To offer Sacrifices^ and to m^ke IntcitceffiiEai 

;i/ *ibr the People. 

^{\ ' 4fp' Very true : and CHRIS T could not with 

i . any Propriety, receive this Appellation, if He had 

[ • " been defefti vc in Jjerfortxiing tkh^ of the ^cerdotal 

• •: Fun<ai(jns. — ^NbW, that be oficred no fuch ViiMm 

^: as flain Bfeafts, is univtrfally acknowledged. W« 

I* might prefumc therefore, eveli though We had ndt 

i^' the Authority of an Apoftle to kfliire us. That He 

••V offered HIMSELF, through the eterkai SPIRIT^ 

{'■" ^to GOD*. 

i |. ' The Crofs, (hall I fay t ? Rather his ditine Na- 

,: * tnte was the yfitar. Hia Soul and Body, each im- 

K maculately pure, were the HQlt^auJi. • Thefe He rt- 

) G 2 fignedi 

• Heb. ix- 14. 

rf The Crfl/j is, by feme Authors, ftyled The JItifr. 
But, I think, improperly* This Notion feems to ^jave 
fprang froin, or given rift to, ' the PopiJ^ Prafbice of 
idolizicf^ thp Crucifix. At Icaft,' it countenances fufch a 
Kini offoipifh or factilegtoiis T^evbtion, nlo^ thaft a 
Proteftant Writer could' wifh.-ilt wa^s the Property of 
the Altar, to/anSiify the Gift. This thei^fwt. When rt- 
fc^Tcd to oar LORD'S Sacrifice, is a far more e^ted 

' Office, than Wc dare afcribe to the Infirmrienf of his 

* JStfjl'ering. This rauft be the Hpttour and Prerogative of 
Ws DIVINE NATURE, which did indeed fanftify 

^ the great Oblation : gaveh a Di|nity,- a Merit, an Eft- 

*f iacy, unfpeakable and everla^g. 

% p I A Jy p s y E ,iy. 

figned ; the one, to deadly Wounds ; the other, to 
intstpH^ble AikgUUb ;. ap^ lx)th» tg be inftead of 
9il MBbQle-B«J:nt-Qff(iriBigs- — On this myaluable 
Obla^n» bis Intere^^fi^n at the Right-Jiand of his 
fATJdRS. is fou84«d ; from tjiis it derives that 
flr«¥^U»g Ei5Q4cyj \yhicli i» the Security^ ;pf,h{s 
ftanding,* and th^ ReCQVei^.pi' his falle;n Difqiflfs. 

<3iv« r^heii^ ^Q %fy^ fifithi^ri What i^ycwif Idea 
nrf a :>£0Xf/S^ ? Whm IfbigenJ^^ wa« flain at the 
Altar, What was the Import of that memorab^ 
'Adrant? ' - • • : 

72«^.. iltucas intended, jf W^ may credit Vir^P^ 
Acccttint *, Xo>apfteAfe the Ipdjgpajtion of fpine El^- 
mentar^ iDeity ;i\and idh^rsby . f^b^iii a. ^ropiiiitffs 
Gale,. jEiy the wind-bouhd .FJfieta ^nd cpn^federa^le 
EoDccs sX.Grjxtr.r fiut, I hope. You wpuVi npt 
make ihatfolcma Butchery of .$b^ rpyal Virgin, a 
Pattern £Dt.the fupteme Gpodjiefs; ; nor "the Prac- 
tice of grofs Idolaters, a Model for the R^lrgip^ 

- jffp. By^'ntJ iheane, ^Thefop. Only I w^^^Jd ojb- 
. fferyJc~That the C.vft^wn of offering Sacrifices ob- 
tained) • among the moft cultivated Nations of the 
Heathen World — That thefe Sacrifices were fre- 
quently of the viccii'hus f Kind*; in which the Vic- 

\ ' ' ' !tim 

- ' ' , • '.,■?, ' 

* Sanguifft placafli P'entos, IS f^'irgifte c^esa. 

t Sffteca (ays, .alluding, to the Cuflbm of Sacrifices, 

and the prevailing Opinion concerning tixtm^ Fuer/m 

tantum nun^uam qmpUus dglitura Domus Piamentum^-^^l^t 

we are to uadcrlland by Piamentumy our Author hjimfelf 

explains, in the preceding Q\&.\i{q^ ^icaui/i fdatri dfllfu- 

dum fueritf in me tranjierit f quicqmi A^t€ei in me, Tp 

* which his judicious Coinsientator Upfius^ from an e^^- 

vfive Knowledge of Antiquity, ad^s ; ko^u^ Jt've ft^c^- 

:iar{4 Viuima. Sbh, ad Hel<u* '*';., ,_j 


D \ A L' 6 G' U E Hi. 85 

tim Wis fubftituted,- ih?^ead of the Offerer; and the 
former being cut off, the latter was difcharged from 
Punifliment— ^Confequently, that the CAt^ Authors 
would (in cafe there;>^a^ anyKecd of fuch AuxrH* 
afrei)h join with the JRfered Writers, to declare the 
IS^pedhnty^ and explain the Nature of Sacrifice^.— t 
This alfo You will permit me to add 5 That, if the 
Heathens talk fenfibly on any Part of rel igious'Wor- 
fhip, It is on the Subjed of Sacrifices. Their Sen-= 
timents concerning expiatory Oblations, feem to be 
the faint and diftant Echo of Revelation. I have 
ulually eonfidered them, not' 2« the inftitutions of 
Btfere Reafon, but as the Remains of fome broken 
Tradition. "^ — \ . j • . 

'■' Hbweverj the trueft and moft authentit Signifi- 
catibft of a Sacrifice, is to be learned from the Jewifi 
R.itual, explained by the Gofpel Comment. 'Ek) You 
remember the Mofate Account of th&t Ordinance i 
G 3 Ther. 

.. The fame Writer, i^ the fattic confolatory Epiftltf, has 
another Sentence, flill more to our Purpofe ; NMitatur 
cmnium Carminibusj qua fe pro Conjuge vicariam dedit. — 
Juvenaly fpeaking bf the fame Padt, cxprcfTes Himfeif 
m very remarkable Language. Such as ihews U$, witk 
the utmoft Uearnejs and PnecfJfon\ WhSit the. Anticnts 
meant, when they affirmed of a fqlFering or dying Per- 
fon. That He ga<ve Himfeif for Another : 

-Speaat fttbeuntem Fata M^triti 

Mcepm^ l^ fimilis fiVtrm\xi2i\\o detur. Sat. VI. 

There is aPaflage in Livy^ which moft of all deferves 
our Notice. As it feems to imply a popular Belief of 
the Dignity, the more than human Dignity of the Sa- 
cHiice which was ncceflary to appeafe the- Wrath ol 
Heaven. It relates to Deeius, devoting hin^felf for th« 
public Good ; Confpe^tus ab utraque Acie^ aliquahto au< 
giiftior humano Vilu, ftcuti Coelo mijfusy Piaculum emnh 
Deorum Ira. Lib. VIII. Cap. ix. 

8$ P I A L,0 Q U E III. 

Tier. You are much, better acquainted > Afpafia^ 
with thofc facred Antiquities; and can give the 
moft fatisfaftory Information, with regard to thi? 
Particular,. On,ly let me remind Yoi^^ That MmA 
are ftyled Offerings ; a,nd Prqifei^ bo(;h in the pro- 
phetical and evangelical Writings, ccwie unider th^ 
Denomination of Sacrifices. ' . . ' 

Aff. Thojigh Praifes and Alms are ftyled Sacri^ 
iices, they are not of the propitiatory y but eucharijiic 
Kind. They are never faid to expiate Tranfgref- 
fions, only are reprefentqd as acceptable to G-O D 
through JESUS, CHRIST,-, that 'divinely .pren 
pious Viftim, whofe Merits both' caiic^l our Guijfjlj, 
and commend our Services ! According to-— 

Ther. Stay a Moment, Afpafuk. — Let me recoUc<9: 
myfelf. — This may be the Meaning of Sacrifices, a^ 
ordained by Mofesy and folemnized arnong tjie Jew^. 
— " Sacrifices were a fymbolical A ddrefsto G O D j 
f intended to exprefs .before Him the Devotion, 
*' Afl^citions, Difpofitions, and Defires of the 
^* Heart, by fignificative and' emblematical *Ac- 
" tions." 

Afp. This is the firft Time^ lever heard of a fym:-, 
holical Addrefs to GOD. Sacrifices were, if you 
pleafe, a real Addrefs to GOD, attended with 
fignificant Ceremonies, or expreflive Symbols. 

** They expreffed. You fay, the Devotion, Af- 
*« fcftions, Difpofitions, and Defifes of the Heart." 
I rather think, they expreffed the Guilt and the 
Faith of the Offerer. — His Guilt \ this feems to be 
intimated, by the very Names of the propitiatory 
Sacrifices. The Sin and the Sacrifice, the offend-t 
ing Aftion and the expiatory Ritej being fignified* 

3 . ' ' ^^ 

B I A L O G U E Tl». Up 

hy OIK and, jth« faitie.Word *. It is fomewhat moit 
/than intimated, by tte Occafion of the OifFcring, 
and the S^te of the Offerer. Since it was only on 
account of Guilt contrafted, that piacular Obla- 
fions were m^de^ and^nly from a piilty Perfon, 
ihat they were required,-r-i//j Faith 5 or firm Belief, 
^hat ceremonial Guilt, which flmt Him out froip 
the Communion of the vifible Church, and ful>- 
jeSed Him to the Infliction of temporal Judgments, 
;jvas removed by the/g ; but that moral Guilt, which 
defiles the Soul, ^nd excludes &om Heaven, fhould 
be purged by feme better Sacrifice ibnit tbefe t--^In 
jthe Exercife of this Faith, Jhel offered up a more 
acceptable Sacrifice than djin ; and withput this 
Faith, exercifed in fom£ Degree, it was impoilible 
topleafe .GOD. 

Ther^ If you diilike this Account of Sacrifices, 
take another. Which, as well as the preceding, 
I have learned from an eminent Pen. " The Prieft 
** made Atonement for Sin, by facrificing a Beaft, 
•* only aa that was a Sign and Teftimony of the 
*• Sacrifice's pure and upright Heart." 

jfjp. So then you would afcribe all the TMcslcj 
of Sacrifices, to the Purity and Uprightnefs of the 
Sacrifices Whereas, I think, they had no Share 
at all in the Matter. The Types were effedual, 
««/y by virtue of their Conne<Jfeion with the great 
£acrific&-^K>rdained, in the eternal Counfels of JE- 
HOVAH— prepared, when the SON of the Moft. 

* nKOrrdcnoteaa^iV, and Sm-OJerhig. Lev. iv. 3, 24. 
OPH figniii^ the Trf/fa/s^ and the Trifpafs-OfftringM 
tev. V. 15, 19. 

t 'T\it^ fanaified to the purifying of the Flejh^ Heb. ix. 
1 3 . But could not make Him that did the Sewice perfc^, as 
firtaiving^ the Con/ciwe^ H«b. ijl^ 9. ^ 

n i) I A L o u fe nf. 

HIGH was made FleA— offcrtfl^ when the M^flei 
JESUS ftirrendfcred Hitnftl^, to be led as a Lamb 
to thfe Slaughter.— -They were fo fer from being 
independent on this divine Oblation ^ that they afted 
in perpetual Subferviency to it, aAd derived all their 
Value from it, T^jr were the Shadow, but the 
Body wis CHRIST. And docs not the former 
owe all Its Exiftehce to the latter ? 

If Sacrifices tWi-e intended to befpeak Integrity 
of Hej«"t, methinks, the State of Inmcency had been- 
the propereft Period, for their Inftitution and Ob- 
lation. But this awftil Ceremony had no Exift- 
ence, tH! Man was fallen, and Sin committed.— *• 
If intended ta denote Purity of Heart, why Ihould 
fiacrifices be particulariy ii^oined on that folemh 
Day, when Confeffion was made df all the Sins ♦i 
of the whole Congregation ? An 6ddly concerted 
Device this ; in which the Tongue muft contradid, 
what the Ceremony would recognize. 

How could it be proper, after the Violatiori 6t 
Tome Law, or the NegleSf of fome Ordinance, im- 
mediately to go and offer a Sacrifice ? What would 
be the Language of fuch a PraJtice, as interpreted 
by your eminent Pen ? '* I have done wickedly, 
** bnt my Heart is pure and upright." Is this 
confiftent with th* Sp'irit of Humility, of Modefty, \ 

it of common Ingenuity ? Is this the Way of giving 
Glory to GOD, or of taking Shame to uurfelves ? 
—Whereas, kt the Sacrifice be a. typical Expia- ] 

tion, and this is the Significancy of the Aftion. 
^^ LORD, I cbnfefs myfelf guilty. Puniftment 
" and Dtath arc wy Dt$e. Let them fall, I be- i 

.... ** icech' 1 


^ ♦ Xev. XVi. 21. m 

D' I A::L O G U E IIU 89 

f* fiikh Thte^^ oit ^ FiMiin ♦. That thy Juftice 

I<« teiftg giorified, ^d thy Law fetisfied, thy 
*' Mercy may be hoooucably difplayci in my For- 

Beflde^, Tkerdn j What Lihnefs^ what AgrietMm 
is tho'ri, betwe^ the Profeffion of Integrity, and 
aft Animal moftally wounded 5 wallowing in its 
bwn Bteod; and ftruggling in the Agonies xrf 

• Dtodk ?— Whereas, between idicfe dying Pai^, 
and the Puniflnhent due to Sin, or the Sorrows fuf- 

• ' tatoed by the crucified S A V I O U R, there is an 

apparent, a flriktegj-and, in various Refpeifls, an 
edifying Refemblance. 

Ther. They declared, perhaps, the Sacrificcr'ai 
Riwdinefe and Refolution, to flay th^ Brute in Him- 
• fel^ <and to lay down his Life in Adherence to 

. Afp^ I don't remember, to have feeh this aflerted 
in the Bible j neither have I met with any Hint;^ 
€0 countenance fuch an Iiitcrpretktion. It feems, 
in fonie Cafes, to \€ incompatible with the very 
Nature of Things, and i contrary to the exprefa 
Declarations of Scripture.-rr-JDdw/, You know, 
Lamlsy and Sheep^ were offered in Sacrifice. But 
fliall we flay the Lamb, the Dove, the Sheep in 
Ourfelves ? So far ftom it, that CMRI STs. Dif^ 
cities are either defcribed by thefe Creatures, or 
commanded" to imitate their Properties. Be ye harm^ 
^fs as Doixes f- Peter^ feed my Lambs J. My Sheepy 
bear my Voice ||. 


• What fays, that Pr6dagy of orieiital Leamiitg^ So^ 

i chart P Hoc eodem Ritu ham Dei Peccaior deprecahiaur^ earn- 

^ue immitti petehat in itlim Vi^inue Caputs quant fuo loco 

ponebat. . Hierokoic. '^Tom. I. Lib. ii. Cap. 54. 

^ f -JiiraUrx. ifr. \ John xxi. 15-. - •|| John x. 27, 

9fSi DJ AZOQ U:E flit 

Suppoffng*' however, that, on fopijp. Oceafons^ 
this might be a fubordmat^ Defjgn, or a v^u^bie 
Improveracnt of the facrificiftlAdta : yet their pri* 
*nary Intention, and ultimate End, were widely 
different Were mucKmorc /ignificant of the di- 
vine jCompafGonfi, .and mtfch better adapted to the 
Comfort of Mankind, They were-rAh awfi^. In- 
'dicatwny that Deuth was the Wigcs ,of Sin : M 
the fame Time, {uMearJng Declaration^ that GOD 
was .pleafed to. accept the Death of the Animaly 
kiilead of the Sinncit's,: a figur4tivi R.eprefentathn'^^ 
aifo.of.that ilLuftrious.P'EJRSQNa' who was 1$ 
hear the Sin of many y and pour out hisSpuijforJr^fnfw^ 

' . Hier. ^Since Slcrificcs^ were of a religious Naturei 
they fliould not only be inftruilive and beneficial ia 
t'.eir Tendency; but have their due EffeSiSyVfit)^ 
regard to G O P, to Sin, and to the Perfon who 
tr4»ught them* • » 

< "Afp* They.hadi.iQ all thcfe laftancos, their dii« 
Eflfe<as-r-wiih rcgarii to GOD; that his JidJice 
might be magnified^ aod.his Anger appeafed^-r-^i 
Sin'y that its Demerit might. be difplayed., yet its 
Guilt be done away — to the Perjun who hr ought, them^i 
that he might receive Remtffion of Sins, tc^etb^r 
with Peace and Joy in belie viog^ 

■ - Thit^ 

* What fays Milton^ upon *he Subjedl of Sacrifices, 
and with reference tQ their principal Defign ) JHe calli* 
them^ and rery properly. 

"Religious Rites 

' K)f Sacrifice \ informing Men hy Types 
'ylnd^httdonx^Sy oflhat^deftin^d^eedtolridfe 
^7%e Serpent, '. ij -^Slmt medns he Jhall achieve 
$lc^kind^ s ^di'^irmce^ • ; Ji':^J[*'.*?3f •, 

J?il ^^ 1,70 Que m; 9J 

.:;33s^r- ;3;'bcre arer fo in^ixy Sort3 of Sftcrificas,- ap- 
pointefl .in the Jewtjh Rubric, that \ aiii at aXo^ 
for,a /4^/«<f? Idea; unkft'fome.o|ie'b« fingledouti' 
aj)jJfeffertitely;QQrtfi<kredf,. ,ti Kri ,. .= rr. / 
'. '.^,i Among all th«rSacrifities>infl:itMted \>y Mafi^ 
tiorie more>cireutnftahtfally typafied the bleffed J£- 
^'f/|J 5; Aone^more app6fitc}jF^.B^nefit^, 
of' his 'Oblation ;. thdn-tjl3te»£a»r3 il^Jn at^ tbe,yeftft 
pf -the Paffiver, and the Sin-offmng on the D^iy .ef 
Atpnement. ' ^ ' , ' ' ■ ' ' ^ , / / 

An Expofitdr, .who. cannot be.miftaken, rh^ 
giveh Ui§^^lhi8^nt;eJl•pretatioll ©fy^th^ Paichal t^iiltb; 
CHRV&T.Quy ^rfffiver u fdcrifickSfiir.Us %\D^ 
.■■.. " i. '. ) T'-^ ' ^ -!'',' ,•,.', -ifclariiig 

'■-'-' : "'"v . ». ' ■. • - .- , . , ::■•". ! . . i ' 

i • i^C^.V. 7. Would any One venture to 6y ? Patfl 
utr Pajfo^er U fiurificed -f»r Us. Yet this,.-! thipki, «wgr 
i5^, . or rather is in effedl (aid, by the Account which 
^roine'Pefibn'sgi^e b£ CHRIST'S Satisfaaion : finc^ 
lPi?»/i^ualiy fticrificed iis Life,- in Gonfirmation of. the 
SBi'Mth, :^nd foi?theGoQ4 oflAe'Churck , =P^7/ ii. 3.7.-^ 
The .v«ry Thought of fuch a blafphemous Ab/Urdity, is 
\oo p'a^ul,?^^ offhtji^^ for' the ferious Chriftiah to dwell 
iJ^onr •! WbildrthercfSre divert his Attention' to a ttiorfe 
pleafmg Confideration. Let Him obfervc the exquifitc 
^^kiH, whkh, hbre and every where, condu^sf the Zeal 
<)f oi^f infpired Writer.— The, Odes of Pindar are cele- 
brated for tjieir fn^ X^^njiti^ns \ whidh, though bold aird 
f«fi)rM%^' are jierfe£Uy iia^fjatl. We haVe;' in' this 
i*iaQe, a ^ryjiiafierly- Stroke of 9ie fatie Kiind.- Tlji^ 
Apoftle, fpeaking^ of th^ incetoou^ Criminsi!^ flidcs into 
his darling Tq|j!c, a c/ucified; SAVIOUR. . Wh^o 
'Would have ekpe&ed'fuch' a^^erftiiment, on fuch an Oc- 
'cafton ? Yet^ when thus brought in, who does not fee 
^d. admire, both. the Propriety of its Application, and 
^the P^li/sacy. pf its Introdudion ? — With the fame eafy 
Sand.graceful Air, our facred prator enters, upon his Sub- 
je6i; Roni, i. 14, 15,. i 6. With no lefs Dexterity and 
^Addreft' He refttrns^ to it, aft^i- along but^ ytty: ufefui 
^igf^iiiopy Heb» vi. 2©. compared with Heb. v, jo. 

cbring herebv-^That CHRtST is a Ttz\ Skcri- 
ficc^^That He was prefigured, in this Capatfityi 
by the Pafchal I^mb — That the Circumftancesj 
which diftinguiflied it, met in HlfWj ^ and the Ad- 
vantagd^^ wWch *efulied frcJtfi. Jt, were procured 
by Him : thofiy ih their trileft Imjiort f i irA^, ia their 
largeft Extent. — The Words of the Apoftle fpeak 
this Senfe,-'to the pfaineft fxmpleft Reader* Whfere^ 
«d, to extort any other Signification from them^ 
what Subtilty of Wit, and what Reftnement, or 
rarfier Violence of Griticifm, 'muft be afed ! ' 

' The Pafchal Lamb was Avitbout &mifl>^ r&rch 
was the LAMB of G O D : free from ill T^nt 
Itf' original Sin, and from every Spot of aftual 
Tranfgreflion. — A Lamb oi the firji Tear y in all the 
Spngbtlinefs and Floridity of Youth.- CHRIST 
alfo laid down his Life^ hot when Woi-n>iVith Age; 
or debilitated with Sickiiefs ; but iri- the very |Pji:inie 
of his.Days; artiidft all the; Bloom of Healthy and 
all the Vigour of Manhoofl. That hife Sacrifice 
knight. have every >ec:6mm'cnd?ng -CffCumflhancil^ 
which could render it iccep^blc-to ,,G;p^I)^.,.a^^ 
available for Man. , ,1' w. . .j 

. The Lamb was to bfe flain in fuch a M^niier^ as 
might occafion the moift copious £ffu^t6fi of its Bloodl 
Ak>d y7a^ not this very exaftly-AiIfilled Jn*.o,lMf-.fl(iy 
fering SAVIOUR ? His Blood .iftowed out,'- III 
yaft Abundance, b]^ the amazing; Sw^ai ; in ihc 
Garden'; by the rending, taifiies of llie Scourge; 
by the lacerating Points of the Thornis; by. the 
dreadful Nails, which cleft his Hands and his Feet ; 
by the deadly Spear^ which ripped- open his Side, 
and fut its Way to his HeartV-^Though th^ filobd 
iwas.tabe fo lib^ially fpiit, it Bone of the i^ami[ives 

.Yc^u ^(papnot iHiit adpiure^ xh^ wpnd^rful Iiuterpot- 
lii^ipn of Provid^iHic* to on^oiSR^Vifh this eg^lem^ 

deal Predi^ipiJ. . .Wh^n %k^ Soldiers l)^d receiyi^ 
,* CQtw»^nd«) t^-J^feak; thg' tegs .of tb^. th^^ee/cyi^ 
}S^if\t4 Pprfons^vWhen they j bad dually broke thp 
iLri^ of ^ftpb'Mftl^faftori AYj^i<:h hung on the riglyt 

SiW^iof <^ttr.Ij/0RP^ 4n4 pii thiekft; tiieirA^inds 
JyfpmiOV3rT^^^s4 (by ^ diyinp'Infl^nce, no doubt) 
,t^fp^etl\ehhfkiyESVSs and, 19 le^ve ^JJ 1m> 
.Spikes unhurt y urUotided" .. .., 

« J .Xb^ J^^nSb W^ liQ he killed, hefirejhe^ whole Jf- 
fembly; in the Prefengi^, either of the whole Coat- 
igr^^^ti^^QtJfiilifS^hJ^r elfe t?f thai piirtkvi^ar Sc^f^icty^ 
-1«bich.oon««r^d;ro wling.tbeJFkft. Apd did not 

the whole Multitude of the Jews confpire agaia|b 
^^nf RED:^EJWE|1, to put Him to de^fh? Did 
^tttyA<it ^l.^ry out, ,9S wUb o^e Voice? Crucijf: 
JJStn/. Cmifit ffmJ: Wa^ H^ ^lot executed, at 01^ 
i^ X^j:- '.ff'.mA F.eftk^^s,. an/1, in i^p Sight of tU? 
;ilrtiQjfi 'liiTembled. Nation ? — The Blood was not to« 

be poured heedlefly upon the Ground, but received 
^pWi^l^" intH' a mibn-; 'and fprinkledy with the ut- 
• mofi Eun^pJitjr. Sprinkled^ not upon the Thrcr 

iteotf > ]^i«iX¥X fHe i%fi ^^d boor^pojis. ][q lik^ 
^MainheiT^ the Bibod of the. heavenly LAA^B, is 
-tJcJt ,ta' b^ trdriipfed uridef" Foot, by a conterijptuous 
^P|i^g^rd^ ''|ms ^th'e Xreafure of the Chiirc^^ '^ pnd 
.Ae,J!ifej^^€;v pf. Viie^ , To be recfiyed^ t)x§nefei« 
-by ait ;iidbrmg>Bttith^ 'iaiidimoft thankfully 'applied 

toDur Gonfciericcfs^'-our -Cbnverfation^ oiir whole 

Man.— The Sprinkling of that Bloo4.^i/i/r^<!^ ey.e/jr 
.^fiv^i^Faibi^ ^om t)i&4$ftroyiRg Ai^r$5wi^. 

94 D I A h O G V 1^ Iinl 
6b, thfe Merits of the flaughteifkl S A V 1 O U^R * 
Ibreen 'everj believing 'Sinned, from the Stroke ^f 
offended Juftioe^ and from the Pains of etemafl 
-Death. What muft have become of the Ifradhi^ 
%vho, -trufting to the Uprightnefs of his' Hcisfrl^ 
thould negle<ft to make ufe of this divin6l3r appointed 
Safeguard ? He miift inevitably have beenpuniiheb 
u ith k\it Death of his Firft-born. Equally tertaJrf, 
i)ut infihitely more drtadful, will 5be J^'j Condem- 
nation; who, before the Orpnifcient JUDGE, 
{hall prefume to plead his own Integrity, or con- 
fide in his own Repentance, and rejeft the Atone-- 
*fent of the dying 7i:SU:5.>' ^^ ' . - . 

. ,72vr; Now, if. You pleafe, for ^tSln-^jfmng\i 
which feems to have been Ac ttioift eminent Sacri- 
fice of them all. j . . : .. 

Jfp, *It was the moft cvmprehtnjioe \ becaufe. It 
fhadowed forth, not only the Death of CHRIST^ 
but bis Refurreftion from the Dead, and hi$ Afcen- 
'fion into Heaven. — As the various Aftions^ of fome 

...:.'.,!.. I JO' 
. * Both St. Peier^ iind St. Pauf {]^k q( the Bifotl Y 
Sprinkling, i Pet. i. 2. Heb. xiji. 24. Intimatlngy by 
this remarkable Form of Speech, that the Dfeath of 
t! Hi I ST will he ofm Jd'uantage to the Siftfter, onlefs 
it \it. applied to his Heart. As the Blood of the Fafchiil 
Xramb was no Protedibii to an I/rMditit till if had ^nged 
):he Pofts of his Door. — Ifaiah^ w^ng the fafne Phrafe, 
and aUuding to the fame CuftOm, fays of dur LO'Ru 
\ JJSSUS tHRIS7\ He Jhidyjf^kkmmryNatiifftSy'm. 
15. Not only initiate them into his' Church -by Bajf- 
tiim ;/bat alfo^ by the Application of his Blood, ihall 
clean/e them, from their Guilt, and deliver them from the 
"Wrath to coine. * ' ' ' • 

-' f For the:^rcttn(iftaiiees relsCtittg^to thd^ Sin^jfififig, 
^he Reader will confalt Le^v. xvi. — I'or thofe which con- 
cern the Pa/chal Lamb^ Hc will have rccoHffe to Emd* 

Wl A IL O (5 ill E III '^5 

•illuftt?ousr Perforiagt,* which fcannot be exhibited 
by the Painter fti a fmgle Draught, are difplayed (n 

fiveral Compartmentr-y yet all conftitute one and tHe 
fame grand hiftorkal Pifttirc. So, thefe* glorious 
Evem&j' iheapable of being reprrfefrttfd by any 

Jfe^fc Animal, were typefied hj\iwb Kids of the 

-^Goafs: which nererthelefswejre reputed, but' ^a 

^)j»^* Offering. . 

Thefe Goats were brought to the Door of the Ti- 
Uernacle, and there prefented before thfe LORD. 


* How ^rnns the divine Command f He (the .ffigk- 

FH'efty Jhcdfrdk^tf the Congregation ttuo Kids of the QoatT 

far a ^ifHiffkring. Lev. xvi. 5. Are tiot thcfe two^Kids 

.ilyiodf in the ilngular Number and coUbfUve Senfe^ .>i» 

Ofering?'—li\i2X We might not m;iftake, QQJ>i is 

Keafed to add ; And one Ram for a Burnt-ojfferinp^ . Here 
e particularly mentions one \ to inform Vs^ that" tH& 
^e Ram in this Jnftitiitien^ and the tivo Gioats i^-the^ 
^preceding, were to-cOAe ftn.der the fame generkl Deno- 
mination*. Jn Offering. To render his Meaning:. ft^l 
more apparent; the LORD*,' contrary to his own Rule 
-in all other Cafe*, orders the High-Prieft to Azyv^y'j /i^»//ji 
« upon; the Head of the Scape.-Goatj ifot upon t^e -Head ef 
f-^ Goat devoted to Death/ I^e di'vides the nece^iy 
Circumftances of a Sacrifice between them lioth,.fCc>^ 
intimate, in the cleareft Manner, that neither the One 
nor the Other ^/tfn7/^, but both takett tog$tl>ery were ttfe 
one facrificial Obktiop^ appointed fbr «thi^ diftinguidied 
. Solemnity. • , « - « 

If this be true, I think,, the l^aflage i;8 a pr^tty-con- 
fiderable- Proof, Thsit Jioncment was made by fuftering. 
m^arious Punifhment; notwithflanding what has been- 
urged againft it, from the tenth Verfe of the Chaj3ter.-r- 
. Should We re^re human 'Authority for the Snpport of 
this Interpretation, one of rfic greateft human Adthori- 
ties may be feen in the c«Ufarated Wtifrtsi Vtdrque jltr* 
^^Ms, ptrtineiaf ifd unum Sacrijkii»n frv PecedUy Mbflitt vrfiht 
7ap»» Uurque erat Petus piatularis.i nnforid Ifrmli^PUM" 
torit ejufqui Pecc9iumf4r^mf De 9^c6n. Lib. IV* Cap., 
vi. ' 

5^6 DIALOGUE I|f. 

qHRIST alfo pr^fented Himfelf before GQD, 
when Hf went up ta Jerufakmy that all Things y^riti- 
Ua by the ,Pr op/fits c^ncernifig Mint might b^ awm^ 
fUJbed ♦.—The Qoat, on which the JLQR^D's Lqt 
fitly vra^ 4evo,tcd tp Death. CHRIST a>fei bf- 
iug jeliv€re4 by tji^ ^tiruifnffe Cof/ift^ 4fp4 Fo^*- 
htauflfd^e ^f/GQU^y was crucified ^4 fl%«l»«-T- 
The Body was burnt without the Qn^. Wh^cji 
pomt^d at tlie very piaoe, and pi<Skur6d out dir very 
^afure, ^f q^x, t PHP's ^ufferifligf. For. He 
fiffered without the Gate % : was there expofed to the 
Rage of Men, and the Wr^th of G O D j iiQder 
dif^ moj(l exquifite Pains of Body* and th9 mo^ 
^!^W!9^^: Agoilies ,of . Spul. AU %¥fican*^y 
l]rpfi£ied,.by the Flame of a devouring Fire. THan 
Which nothing is more fierce, nothing more pane- 
^atin^, or more fe^verely tormenting^ 

A? ^h« AAimai whicl^ waa flaiigbtercd, ihewtd 
faiA the REDEEMER dfing^fof otir Sins-y Ait 
which efcaped, prefigured the fame § AVI OUR, 
^ifi^g again for our yuJiificatia7U-^T\iQ High-P^i^fl 
pi^t bi^ Hands u$K)tn the Head of the Scape^Go^, 
;aiiil with great Solemnity, confejfed the Sins of the 
wfeole Congregation. The Import of this Cere- 
iqony is exprefly declared in the facred Canon.; 
^%7^fi Goatjhall hear upon Him their Iniquity |). It is 
moft comfortably explained by the Prophet, The 
L pKJ> laid on HIM the Iniquity of Us all \\ and 

• Luke xviii. 31. f A£ts ii. 23. J Heb. 

xiii. 12. 

. II It i^dbfervahle; that whmseas the Scape- Goat is iakl 
tta-f/ar Mtt^l the.Slns of jj/rurf^ Lev. xvi. 22. the very 
-ftaeFhiaifi is applied to CHRIST, IfeL liii. iz.^ 
% Ifid. fiir. 6. 


moft delightfully confirmed by the Apoftle, Hi 
Himfelfbore our Sins in his own Body on the Tree *. 

Confe]fion being made, the Goat was difmifled 
into a Land not inhabited: a Place feparated from all 
Rcfort of Men : where he was never likely to be 
found any more. . To teach Us, That our Of- 
fences, having been expiated by the bleeding JE^ 
SUSy are entirely done away ; ihall never rife up 
in judgment againft Us ; but, according to the 
Prophecy of yeremiab^ When the Iniquity of Ifrael 
jhall he fought for^ there jhall he none ; and the Sins 
of Judahy they Jhall not he found f.— It is farther 
enjoined. That Aaron Jhall confefs all the Iniquities 
of the Children of Ifraely and all their TranfgreJJions^ 
in all their Sins. Iniquities^ TranfgreJJionSy Sinsy are 
particularized ; and, to this Clufter of Expref&ons, 
the Word all is added. To inform Us, that the 
lea/l Sins need the Atonement of CHRIST'S 
Death j to affure'Us, that the greateft Sins are not 
beyond the Compafs of its Efficacy ; and that all 
Sins, be they ever fo heinous, or ever fo nume-^ 
rous, are forgiven to the true Believer. 

The High-Prieft carried the Blood of the Vidim 
into the fecond Tabernacle, even within the VeiL 
So CHRIST entered with his own Bloody not into 
the Holy Places Tnade with Hands, but into Heaven 
itfelfX' — The Blood was fprinkled upon the Mercy- 
feat, before the Mercy-feat j and left in the Holy 
of Holies, that it might always remain before the 
LORD. And does not CHRIST always ap^ 
pear in the Prefence of G O D for Us ? Does He 
not ever live to make Intercefion for Us? To 
plead his all-fufficient Propitiation in our Behalf? 

Vol. I. H That 

♦ I Pet. U. 24. t ]««•. 1. 20. J Heb. ix. 24- 

9» D I A L O G U E 111. 

'rttat the Benefit* procut^a thereby, may be c6tt^ 
municated, may be ratified^ and perjjttuattid to hb 
]?coFplc ? 

' 7lbr« The ScEiptxrre afcf ibcis thefe Belicfitt, i^ 
Repentance and Refohnation of lAftj QualUkft* 
tions of ^ur own ; ntit to any fiidi Cauie, as a vtca* 
f ious S^eriilce ; where the Mtrk mitft necefTariiy 
fubfift in }amthir. What fitys die Apoftb Prf^r^ 
ivhcft He had juft received, hiis Ififti-ufiions froih 
the H Q LY GH O S T ? Rkpent mdbe csnverkd^ 
net look ujlto ah Atonefhent, or depend upon » 
Propitkitidn) that y6ttt Sim m^/t kt bUfiii out '^ . 

Afp. 'Tis true, the Benefits of the new Covenant 
are promiftd to Pdnitente, as thdir happy Portion j 
but fiever affignfcd to their R^pc^tance, as the prtH 
euring Gaufe. Never to their Repentance, but to- 
the Blood of the grtfat HIGH^PRIEST, called 
therefore ^he BUsd $f the emethfting C^endm f : 
being Hie C&nditKih ftipttlated in it, reiquifed by it« 
ahd in Gonfequ^nce of wbich^ all its anfp^akftble 
Privileges are beAov^ed* 

Beftdes s the Qualificatroixs Ydu fuppofe^ ait the 
G ift of the LORD. W^ are ndt able to exercife^ 
till CHRISTy wh© 19 exalted for Ihis vety Pur- 
poft^ gives Repfentince Jz-^^A Gonnrerfion to GO D^ 
and a Newnefs of Lffe, irti ndt thfc Efftft of hu- 
man Abilities, but the Woric o# the Divide S P U 
HIT, wd the Fruit of A« RE^DEEMER'* 
Dcath.-^Exelufive of this Death, there had b^eA 
lYo ftich T^hi^g, as a te^efttiAg Sinner^ <>r z re-*^ 
viewed Soul.-^Tfie M'^ft oT ^^s >Deiith opefts th« 
Heaven of H^avfeftsj-ahd aft its lftex*aufl»ble Stores^ 
-^ - "By 

* A^s iii. 19. t H^b. iciii^ 20. X AasV- 31V 

DIAL 6 Q U E m. $$ 

By this Dcatl), by this alane. We ha\re the £lv- 
joyment oF Gract, and the Hope of Glory. 

Th^. You bcghi to be in R^tures, Jf/^q/!o f 
' . ^; Excuft nte, f^^fW, It is h6t eafy to repi-efs 
the Salli*5 of Ddjght^4 Devotion, when iVe m\ife 
upon fach Wonders of LoVii^-kintinefs ; when W^ 
irle touched with a 3enft of fhch immehfely rich 
BeftQfits.— A great BlGH-PRrEST! Who is 
hi^h^r thmi ihi Hemm ♦ j -yet httmhled Himfelf to 
t)eath, ev«n. the Death of the Crofs!— WBo is 
-hnpcrated/cfr tvenn&tt f > and plfeads nil his Mfefit, 
improves all his Iniluente, for aw confummate 

Wbdt Hiart rfStmfimgkvnm Noughts HieTbifef 
Suth Cmtettipbitims mml Vh ^nd Jh^ukl mount 
^e HSnd JUR Mgher ; mr evtr glume on Man 
tXarapiur^d, uni?ifiam*d%, * 

' Butl^heidktiVfftlf^ «itd>^ilf cither reply to your 
Objedions, or liften to your Smtiments. Lifteit, 
as att^htit^ly, as You YoHftdf attend to die Mufic 
rf that jhriil^tvngued^tbt^. * 

ther. I«d fwlKtiy^^iibdula^d Lays, eminent eVett 
ki^th«*S)^^;pftbi^y b^'8pKltg'^' ii^ ii/nked attraded 
my Ears. But my Minfl ibdlfengafged, and fte^ fot 
ybuif Odh^tfffction. ' '•' 

ij^i Lean repeat* Scarg, fweeter far than this, 
or HI the Melody of the Woodland Choirs. A 
Song, which has Harmony enough, to make riii 
Sfow of Melancholy wear a'Bihile, or to footh awa^ 
Ifie Bofrow^ <if Death it&lf. iVbd:fl)aS lief onyTiif^ 
Ha u 

• Hcb- vU. 26, . t ilcb. vii «8. J Night* 
Thoughts, N'^IV. ' ■ ^ 


to the Charge of GOD's Eleii? It is GOD that juf- 
tlfieth: Who is He that condemneth? It is CHRIST 
that died ; yea rather ^ that is rifen again ; who is even ' 
at the Right-hand of GOD '^ who alfo maketh Inter* 
cejfton for Us *. — According to my Friend's Princi- 
ples, the Strain of this triumphant Exclamation was 
ill-^judged, and fbould have run in the following 
Manner : *' Who fhall lay amy thing to our Charge ? 
*^ We have endeavoured to preferve a Reftitude of* 
'^ Difpofition, and to perfift in a laudable Courfe 
*' of A<ftion. Wherever We failed. We have 
" been forry for the Faultj^ and have implored Par- 
« don from the Divine MAJESTY. What 
*' then fliall difmay Us ? Or who (hall condemn 
** Us.r*-^Tour Topics of Confolation would he 
complete, without having recourfe to the Death of 
CHRIST^ as an Atonement for Sin; or to the 
Refurrctaien of CHRIST^ as an Evidence . th^t 
the Atonement is accepted j or to the Interceffion 
of CHRISTy a^ thfe Caufe pi pur Idt^rift in that 
tranfcendent Bleifing. , ; 

Ther. Since You fo frequently mention, and fo 
eawieftly infift upon Atonement^ I fhould be glad to 
know the precifc Signification of the Word. I am 
told, the original Phrafel^aS no^^i^^g^l^ d<;^ wi^?^ jtljct 
Idea of n^dcing SatisffiiUojt,. , . i , 

Jfp. We may learn the precife, Signification of 
Atonement, by confideriug- Th^ Means ; the Ef- 
fect ; and the Manner, whereby the Means acconi- 
plifh the EfFeca. — ^The EffeSf of Atonement, is 
Pardon — The Means of obt?uning it, are the Sa* 
crific5 and Death of GH^/ST^Xhe Way' qr 


> • Rom. viH. 33, 34- 

D I A L O G U E III. lof 

Manner y whbreby the Death of CHRIST be- • 
comes efficacious for this bleffed Purpofe, is the 
fovereign Appointment of his FAT H E R ;^ the 
infinite Dignity of his Perfon ; and efpecially the 
vicarious Nature of his StifFerings, or their being 
undergone in the Stead of Sinners; 

Ther. It has been fuppofed, and is affirmed too, 
that our SAVIOUR's Obedience and Death were 
conducive to our Redemption, only in virtue of His 
FAT H E R's Will and Appointment. 

Afp. I am glad it is fomc Other, and not my The- 
ronj who cfpoufes this Opinion, ^hich is highly 
injurious to the Dignity of our R E D E E M E R's 
Perfon, and to the Merit of his Obedience.-*-Nei- 
ther is it very honourable to the Wifdom of the . 
FAT HER; unlefs We fuppoife Him tlierefore to 
have appointed the Death of CHRIS T, becaufe 
He knew it would be a plenary Satisfaftion ; fully 
fofficient for the glorious Purpofe. 

And why fliould We ufe that we?ik inadequate 
Expreffion, conducive to our Redemption ? Would* 
^y One fay, of the '* holy and beautiful Houfe" 
which Solomon built. That it was conducive to the 
Accomplifhment of what Afofes foretold ♦ ? — Da* 
ifid's Provifion of Stones, of Timber, and of GoM f, 
was, if You Rleafc, conducive to it. But Solomon's 
Aft wis perfeSfive of it ; wa9 the very Execution of 
the Thing itfelf. Such arc the Obedience and 
Death of CHRIS % with refpeft to our Redemp-^ 

Ther, But We forget the original Word, and ^ 

negleft to enquire into its true Meaning. ^ 

H3 jjp. '. 

. • Exod. XV. 17. t * Chron. xxix. z. 


^fp. The Word, which Wo t^ranflatc Atmcmenti 
implies, in its primary /^cccptatjooj the Notion of 
Covering. Thus Uie Ark was covered *j ipas aver-^ 
kid with Pitiby within and withmt: thnt all ita 
Chinks might be fccurcd> againft the ipfixui^ting. 
Force of the Water ; an4 all it^ Timber (iefenxkd> 
from the Injuries of the liquid Elemp nt.f— When an 
Obje£i, in this or any otker Manner, is covcfeA 
over for Safety ; the Coverij;^ rec^ivfs every Shock,. 
and fujiains all Damages, which would otherwifc 
fall upofi the Thing covered* The Icaage| there- 
fore, is very pertinently ufed, to expre(^ the true 
qvangelical Nature of At^ement| ajfud ^ Word 
is.ufed, vw^i^h equ^ Propriety, to defcrifce the Mo;^^^ 
feqt^ f , fWhicfe wa$ a cpftly Covwng for the Arky 
made of pure Gold, an^ e^a<^y commenfurate to 
that facred Repo&ttv'jr, In this were lodged the 
Tables of the Law ; whofe Precepts We have rio* 
lated, and to whofe Curfe We were fubje£t. Con- 
Ikc^iendy the Mercyr-fe^t, beith hy its S-ituation, 
ks E^ttent, and itsiOf^cey prefigured the £.£« 
©KEMER. W^io,. ail jure and fpatfefs^ ijatey^ 
venes between. ^be l^aw and the; Offender; fulfils 
th^ Comm^i^, ^nd fuftainff t^e. Curfe of the fbr-^ 
nier ; merits Pardoa, and j^rQCurcs Salv^tiofi for 
the latter. ■ •. .. ^ .'. -> - ': 

Obferve /dniwjd§flfs|^. Flower- Having enteric, 
tftin^d our ^ye with o»e: h^^j^tiful; Colour, it fud- 

:•: . i^H 

* fYlDD Thou fhalt ^CiSw^r, «<i«r, firqsverhy^ Gen. 
vi. 14. This is the firft Place!, in which o^r Word oc- 
curs. It is fuppofed to give Us the geimi^e smd trtrtirr 
Senfe of the Phrafe— Perhaps^ .the Englijh Expreffion r^- 
^ety may be derived from ihe Participle 15)3 copher. 

t nnps.Exod. XXV. 17. • % 

and g|vf§ ys i fCMwed Pl«afur(B. §u«h, metljml^s, 
i$ thp tmjWt 9f this 4«lfgbt/*4l. Word. — ^Befides the 
yrcceding SigRificatiop, 4t js expreflive of i/«/?r-r 
fi^^ *? Wfeiclja, ill a ferine, bi}f feajrp vrin^ry 
Morning, qoyefs (hp Hplii^s j § oy«|« t^q Trees ; 
cor^rs tba wkQh ¥^P of the EaFti- Sp. t^e Blpp4 
of JMSUS, u^QorilRg to th? PfpIn^iA's 3R^pr«frii- 
tation, cpvcFs f all our Guilf, and Wdes every Qfr 
fen^e. Infoiuuch tb^t, wh^ii this B|p^ is apptied 
by the Divine SPIRIT, thp LQRP /m nfi Ini- 
quity in Jacob $• He ^ft§, as if jEJp f>v mi^ j 
neither punifhes the Siiinerjt thw^b his Coij<Jll4l 
hm been ever fo crimi/ial; nor fi^bor^ t|if Sirujer, 
though bis Perfpn h^B b^en ev(?j' fo polliiited- 

The fame Expreffion is ufe^ with referepee to a 
Cov^fUjintj and fignifies the Abolitionhf the Contraift |(» 
Which was done by cancelling the Peed ; expung- 
ing the Article^ of Stipulation, pr fedu^^ing .thein 
to one intire Blot, By the C^pyenant of Work&, 
all Mankind became pbnpxiouf tf> pp^d.0ipn^tici| ^ 
H 4 . * ^vcre 

• •IIDD PfaL cxivii. \6. The Idea deduced from 
Hoar-frofty is not fo exadl and ftriking, in our northern 
Clime, as in the inoipe ibuthern Regions. Thre^ the 
Exhalaitions and Dews being moie Cj^pious, the Hoar- 
Froil: niuft fall thicker, lie deeper, and 'more fully cor- 
xeipond with the Notion of Covering, 

f Pfal. .xxxii. I. t Numb, xxili. 21. 

fl I/ai. xxviii. \%, '^^ahMii^r. ^ffrit foHat^ oh^ 
Jinatur, obliterabitur. Eft enim •^DD Hehpats frcprie quid 
ohducere^ atque inde {cum QbdtlAa ^ oHita dijpareant) de- 
lerer qhokre, (Thus, I apprehend, tjv Wcfrds i&ouid b« 
pointed. According t8 tne prefiint Pun^uation, at leaft 
in my Edition, I can laak^ out nciihtr Syntax npr Senfe.) 

kHfftr ^ nrita fiunf, fi S(ripfur4 ii^a^r^ io^^l^u^ 
antique! ary oblitcretur, "Vijkikg, in Icct 


were bound over to Death. By the Grace of 
CHRIS Ty our Obligation to Punifliment is dif- 
annulled, and the Hand-writing of Condemnation 
is blotted out, — Should You a(k, Horv this is cfFeacd i 
By paying a Ranfom, and offering a Sacrifice- 
Should You farther enquire, Of whaf this Ranfom 
and this Sacrifice confiftcd ? Of nothing lefs than the 
precious Blood ♦, the ineftimable Life f, the di • 
vinely magnificent Pcrfon of CHRIS T J. 

Ther. Thefe then are the capital Ideas included 
in the original Word, a Covering by way of De^ 
fence; a Covering by way of Concealment; and a 
Blotting, in order to cancel. 

jfjp. They are, Theron. — As the Brain (the Source 
of Senfation) fends out various Detachments of 
Nerves, to animate and a£^uate all tlie Parts of the 
vital Syftem: So, this capital Idea, the Idea of 
Atonementy branches itfelf into a Variety of ful^or- 
dinate, yet fimilar Significations. Which run 
through the whole Oeconomy of the Gofpel, to 
enliven and quicken the Spirit of a Believer. Let 
me inftance in a few Particulars. This richly fig- 
nificant Word denotes — ^The Exercife of divine 
Mercy || — The Pardon of Sin § — A Cleanfing 
from Guilt fl — Purging from Tranfgreflion 4--^ 
Reconciliation for Iniquity ** — The Pacifying of 


* Not by the Blood of Goats and Calves^ hut hy his own 
Blood, Heb. ix. I2. 

t ne Son of Man came to give his Life a Ranfim for 
Many. Mark x. 45. 

X Who through the eternal SPIRIT offered Himfelf 
^without Spot to GOI>. Heb. ix. 14. 

II Deut. xxxii. 43. § Dcut. xxi. 8. 2 Cbron. 

XXX. 18. ^ Numb; XXXV, 33. + Pfal. Ixv. 3. 

*♦ Dan. ix. 24. 

D I A L O GlfE lIL 105 

Wrath *. — Do not thcfe Paflages (each expreffed 
by fome Branch of the Verb, which conveys to Us 
the Idea of atoning) plainly intimate — That the 
Atonement of CHRIST is the meritorious Caufb 
of all thefe defirable EfFedis ; is the Foundation of 
every ASt of divine Goodnefs j and of every Bleffing 
vouchfafed to Sinners ? 

Ther. After all, /A/V is the Confideration, which 
principally offends and perplexes me — GOD is a 
Spirit ; an abfolutely perfeA and infinitely.pure Be- 
ing ) remote, inconceivably remote, from whatever 
is grofs or corporeal. How then can He; take plea* 
fure, in the EfFufion of Blood, or the Burning of 
Flefh ? How can any fuch low carnal Inducements, - 
make Him merciful to Sinners ; or appeafe, what 
You call, his Wrath ? ' 

J/p. Rather, what the Scriptures call his Wrath. 

—You miftake our DoSrine, my dear Theron. We 

^ever maintain, that ^ny Sacrifice whatever, not 

ievcfl the Propitiation of CHRIST^s Death, was 

intended to »2<7i^ GOD merciful. Only to mah 

way for his eternal Purpofes of Mercy fj without 

any Prejudice either to the Demands of his Law, 

or the* Rights of his Juftice. — Our Sentiments on 

this Head, are^exaftly confonant to his own Decla- 

ratiotr, and to bis owri Procedure, in the Cafe of 

i^o^'s calumniating Friends J. Though difpleafed 

• Ezek. xvi. 63. 

. t tW 1E)D» tzaim Kin Pfal. Ixxviii. 38. Which, ex- 
aaiy -tranilated, fpeaks to thisEfFcft.. H£j being. full 
of Compajjiony forgave their Sins through an Atonement. 
Being full of Compajpon^ here is the firft impulfive Caufe*— 
through an Jtonementy this is the proper appointed Way 
— otgranting Forgivencfsi 

J See Job xlii. 7, 8. 

With tb«ir Cwdn^, He was merciful to their Per- 1 

foQs^ NovfrfchflW^, Hfe would not c«»feife that 
Mfrqy, till ^H©y h^d firft afFer^i a Sacrifice, and 
iflwdFaithinadying SAVIOUR. 

Neither is it Wf r fuppofcd j Thai the infinitely 
wi& and pure GOD, can take Pleafure in the Ef^ 
fufion of Blood, or the Burning of Flefli, Jimpfy 
confidered. This is difclaimed by the HOLY 
GHOST; Burnf-0fcrings and Oferin^ for Sin 
Tl^ou VJouldfJi n^% neiik<r hadft Pleafure therein^ 
The LORD had no Regard to them ; took no I 

Complacency in them y ewnly as they borc^ a Rf fer-t ' 

ence to that n^Wc and ineftim^We Sacrifice, which 
britJgs the higheft Honour to bis Name; which 
-thoft.teughtjered Anisjsila exhibited in a Figure; 
and to which ^every true- Ifradite had i^ believing 

I fay, .b^d a belimng Regards For, it is affirmed 
by. the Airthor to the Hebrews^ That theGofpel was 
l^reached to the Jfraeliies in the Wilderaefe ***^Wbai 
does He mean by the Qofpel ? The very Eflfenfse of 
this benevolent Schen^, according to the Apoftle'^ 
own Definition, is. That CHRIST 4Ud fir our \ 

Sins i.-^How was this Gofpel preached to our Far ^ 

thcrs in the Wildernefs ? It wa3 preached to^.their 
Eyes, by many expreffive Emblems ; especially, by 
flaughtpred Animals, and bleeding ViiSlinxa, . By 
which CHRIST w^^s almpft continuaily, though 
nQt fo evidently as in thefe latter Times, fet firth 
crucified % for Sinners, " . 

In this Senfe alone, thofc carnal Usages . were 

jvoithy the Wrfdo^Qi gf GOD iP appoint, ^nd the 

* . - ' . Majefiy 

• • Heb. iv. 2. f LCor, xv. 3. J GaJ. iii. J» 

M^eftjf of GOD tQ acc;ept.»-/rbi^ g»vp jfcH^m a 
peculiar Dignity^ and lofpart^nw, »nd f(^ them fer 
^bpv^' all the fimil w Obifervanccs„ ufed in th^ H^«r 
thenWorfhip. — 'They were alfo, when thu5 expUinr 
ed, th«s improved, extremely profitafekto Believers; 
^ they direftqd their Contemplation tg the /idMrt 
SuiFerings of a SAVIOUR *, and r^i$ed to their. 
Faith the Benefits q£ his ever-operating S^rifiee,. 
Which, We are afliiredby sn infallibi^ Voic-e, was 
^Ktikwlfor the Redernptmi of tU Jran/greJ^ans und^r • 
tb'^ firji CQvemnt f. - ' ^^^ 

* ^<« Ifai. liu. Luke^xjfivi 25, 26. A6ls icvii. 3. 
' +' ^?*. ix*: 1-5.- Whcrt'l refleaon thefe Words, I won^' 
d^r h©w any Oi^e can a^ert. That *// /A* y^wi died^mtder 
the Quxfi of tJx ]La^,-^V(iGA, ilndcr thcCttrfeof th^Xaw!: 
Even though the Apoftle iias waj^ranied it for ^ Truth, 
Th2Lt J!l f»e/e {mQ&nmg jfha/ja/Tjy Sarah, IfaaCy Jacobs 
&c.) <87^ii^ /» Faith, Heh. xi. 13. ---Even though He has 
elfewhere bid it down as a Maxim, So then they which 
arc of Faifhy in whatever Period -of Time they *live» ©r 
under whatever Diipen^ion of R^ligiwi they wgrfliip, 
m-e htejjed ivith faithful Abraham n\ 6al. iii. 9. — ifven 
rhftugh the Pfxlmift, in one Place, affirms, Bkjfed art 
t-i^ ^Jofe Vnrighit^ufn^i are fUFgifveny aitd <whcjk Sin is. 
covered. And, in,.9.tio;tl^€^* fiacq, decl»iie» conpernio^. 
iTimfelf and his pious Cote'mparies ; taokhe^ ^vide the 
Eaft is from the Weft / So far hath He fet our Sins from Us. 
PCalm xxxii. l. F^lm ciii. 12. 

. Froiii tb^fe an4jm.any Qth^r Texts, I think, it is cvi^. 
4ent^ That the. faithful 7^Tv/ no more died, under the. 
Curfe of , the J.avv, than the faithful Chriftians. The 
i>eath of ijfiRfS^ prdcnred the Pardon and Accept- 
attdaaf SliviliM-Ss; evtn ht£<^¥e He c^me in the Flefh. Froin 
the Beginning, He had covenanted with the FATHER, 
as iheu- MEI^IATOR: -and 90D,„.^o whom alt 
Things are prefent/ ffjvy the cevtaih Accompliihment of 
^h iftderwking; HeWs therefore, by Virttie of the 
dWiaeDftCpee, and in Point ttf fkving Eflkacy, J LAMB 
jl(dn from the Foundation of the World. Thopgb Hc laid 
down his Life in the Reign of Tiberius , He was a real 

io« DIALOGUE ni. 

.' Tbir. So You apprehend, that, in thofe Ufages, 
pradlifed by the ancient Jnus^ the Gofpel was em- 
btentatually preached, and CHRIST in a Figure 

; >^. Moft certainly, 7W^».' And for this Caufe, 
QTide'r the Law, almo/i all Things were purged with 
Blood ♦. The Multiplicity, the Variety, the Con- 
ftancy of their Sacrifices, were all defigncd to im- 
prefsupon their Minds, and familiarize to their 
Thoughts, this great evangelical Truth. — Was any 
One overtaken by a Fault ? He mull prefent a Vic- 
tim, and the Prieft muft flay it, by way of Treffafs- 
offering. To fignify, that the Guilt which was 
contracted, could be done away only by the aton-' 
ing Death of CHRIST. — Had any One received 
a fignal Bleffing? A Beaft was flain by way of 
peace-offering ; as a public Expreflion of Gratitude 
for the Mercy, and alfo as an emphatical Declara- 
tion, that all Good vouchfafed to fallen Man, is 
owing to the REDEEMER'S Ranfom.— Was 
any One to be invelled with the priejify Office, or 
admitted to minifter in the San£luary ? A Ram or 
a* Bullock mUft bleed, for the Purpofes of Confe- 
cration and Atonement •{. In order to teftify, that ' 
no Man can officiate with Acceptance in the Wor- 
fliip of G O D : that no Service, though of a reli- 
gious. Kind, can be pleafing in his Sight; //// the 
former* is interefted in the Merits, ufdefi the lattef 
is recommended by the Death, of the great HIGH- 

And not only by their folemn facrificial A£ls, but 

even by their ordinary Meals, this grand LefTon was 

ttic\ilcate4«. They were forbidden to eat the Bloody 

■ in 

■• Heb. IX. 22. ^ t Lev. viii. 2z. Numb. viii. 12. 


in order to awaken and preferve in their Cenfciences, 
a reverential and fiducial Regard to the precious Blood 
of CHRIST. The HOLY GHOST, affign;. 
ing a Reafon for this facred Prohibition^ fays ^x-. 
prefly, Becaufe the Blood tnakeih an Atontment for Tour. 
Souls * : the Blobd of Beafts typically, the Blood 

of CHif/Sr efFeaually 0\ that Cbrtjiiam 

would, in this Particular, learn of Jews. Learn^ 
at leaft, from Jewtjh Ordinances, to hav^ their At- 
tention inceflantly fixed on that Divine H I G H- 
PRIEST; who, by one Offerings bath perfeaed for, 
^cr — not barely " conduced or x:ontf ib.uti?d to' th(^ 
" Work,'* but fully accomplilhed It. Hath oh.^ 
tainH complete and evcrlafting Redemption for— j 
Aeni that are fanSiified t« 

Ther. Sdme Offerings were made without any Ef- 
fufion of BIok>d. What could thofe mean ? Or how 
could/zAo'ty^efy the Sacrifice of Cif^/5r? ^ 

jif^. Perhaps, the Apoftle might forefee fuch an 
Objection, when He made ufe of that guarded Ex-; 
preffion, almofl all Things were purged with Bloody 
~If, in thefe Cafes, there was no Effufion of Blood, 
yet there was a Deftru£lion of the Subftance. The 
Meat-offerings were confumed by Fire. Which is 
much the fame to inanimate Things, as. ihedding 
of the Bldod is to living Creatures. — ^Xh<^ fame Ef- 
feft is'afcribed to theft Oblations, as' to thofe of 
the fanguinary Kind. It is exprelly declared of the 
poor Man's Sin-offerings which confided of fine 
Flour, and was burnt upon the Altar, Itjhallmake 
on Atonement for Him f. — So that Here alfo' wks, 
what We may truly call a vijibh Predi^im of 

; .; ' ' cmi^r, 

*.Lev. xvli. u.. . . t Heb. x. 14. J L2V, v. 

410 D;t a'l^O d'U E lit. 

CHktST. 'The Offenngs.whicli flamed, as well 
as the Vlftims tlcdj fhcwcd forth our dying 
LORl>. Whdfe' " ofie Oblation of HimfelF ones 
** bffefeA,'''^COihprifed.all the Qualities, and realizrccl* 
the Whole Efficacy, repfefented by gvery othdr Sa- 
crifice ^ • ' ; ' ■' . 

TUt^. Anbtlier odd Circumftance has often given 
ftie Difguflir, and been apt to prejudicfe me agaihft the 
Inftitutions of the Old Tcftament. Many of them 
appear mean, contemptible, and perfectly puerile. 
*« Can thefe, I have faid within myfelf, l)e ordained 
" by a G O D of .infinite Witdom, and. trahicen- 
*« dent Gloi'y'? Can We reafo^iably imagine, that 
'^ a Mandate fliouW be iftned from the Cgurt of 
** Heaven, on purpofe to ' forbid . the S^/^wg-, and 
*< injoin the Roajiing fj of fome particular Piece 
« of Meat?— Will the great RULER of the 
** Skies, conqern Himfelf about the ptecife Man- 
*^ ner !of killing One infignificant: Bird, a];ul . V#^ 
** /if^j' another f ?— Will . Hei who claims the 
** Worfiiip of the Heart, nave iuch ,an ^fpeciat 
** Regard to a Drop or two of d«fpicable Blood» 
** put upon the Tip of the Right-ear, or the Thumd 
« of thie Right-hand ||?— Surely, fuch childffli Cc- 
" remonies are too minute and trivial .for the No- 
>^ tice^ much more for the folemn Appointment, of 
^^the'iruprpme M AJE S T Y, 

^ - "■ :.:'• -' '■.^* 

•.,for this Rtafon, it ie^ihonght^ the Apoftle ftyfet 
the Sacrifice of CHJil^STi «p»W W*«k, JEtmir S^uri* 
fees. - £ecaufe> this W Sacrifice cbmprehended the wi^ole 
Virtut, axtd procured every Benefit, fignificd by «// the 
other. . Heb. ix. jij. 

t Ekdti. xii. 9. J Lev. xiv. 4#.J, 6» 7# 

11 Exod. xxix. 20. 

D t A L G U e: lie ut 

Afp. Vdii WiJl i)l6a(b t6 rofti«itiSb«ary €h^t, wfe«ft 
^fc C^rtilK>fti€s t^e^ordf^liod, it was i^^lnfaHcf^^ 
at leaft the Minority of the Church. If W« ^dVert 
to Ihis Circftilllltftn^fe, Wfe ft^l ban ««afim «o^- 
mffe^ botk ffefe il4-eoiftpfe*i«ndirtg Wi(a^aii, dttd tte 
h6 l^fe cbri4^^W«lig Gcjod^efe^ <rf J.E:H©Y.Aa* 

aCtufitfely and ft> inii»utelyy the Tyfc to the Er&st.' 
Thbiigh the fo?m^f V^ dftAbiifecsi lolig^ l6lig fee- 
fofe the Iftf Wr aiifted* Mtfwy Age^ before the ©/- 
/r^ ^/^ Nations a^peai-^, his Pidufe Wi^ diaWn ; 
Was pjT^feftt^d to public Vl^vf'i tod i$ ttoW found 
to tortefpoftdi h4 oi^dfyF^KiR^, With the ilkibfei® 
Orignai. WhatHafid<J0uldbee<iwaltfeft6h4T\tftf 
Ohly the H^ df an OmniifcieAt LIMNER. — 
His cmdifimding Go^dnef^ in adapting ta^ Tenour 
tof his Revelation to the State of his People \ fpifak- 
ing Ufm fhm, e^m »i unto Baiis f. Not- by naked 
Precepts, bT ibftta<aed Truths j but by eardiljr 
Siknilkufctes {> aad (if I maty, fo expeeft myfelf.) by 


* St. PW calls the CharCh of th^ib Tkaes h^vk^, A9 

Infemt^ er IM^^ Gal. iv. i, 3. And the ceremonial Iq. 

ftittttions have been ftyled, with as muth Trath as'In- 

gcnuity, S*uanpkum elanelitt&e H' ffictlinthfotr. - • 

f I Cor. Ui. I., * • 

I This feems to. be ow LORD's Meami^, w|i^ 
He fays to NtcoJemus^ tf 1 have told ym €anUj Things, 
He had been treating of that internal fpiritual Reno^a- 
twtj which is the Root andJipring of ^11 Hplincfs, He 
hid befttx tpt^txx^ of that Divide S FIR CT, i^hofe 
gracbus and almighty ^wsncy pt^diices this diefirabie . 
Chailg^. The Nattttt bl the former t^s- reprefentird; 
onder the Similitude of /r^/y*fA; By '-Which We ^Att^ 
Wpeta ji ^tii State, . iild hkbittt«e ©<irfelVei to tietirt^cl 
tlctfs, Plfcafiites, Parfirits. The Op6rati6tis of the httet 
were dcfcribed, by the commbn ^d^^i^efi-kcwtm Ptoper* 



embodied Inftruaions. Such as were level to their 
Ipw Capacities, and calculated to affea their dull 
Apprehenfions. . ' 

The Inftitutions to which You allude, were un- 
doubtedly mean aftd trifling, if confidered i« thm- 
ffhes. Accordingly, their majeftic AUTHOR 
cautions his People, againft fuch erroneous and un- 
worthy Notions. " Ifpake not unto your Fathtrsy 
" nor commanded them, in the Day that I brought thm 
" outoftheLandofEgypiy concerning Bumt-offertngs^ 
« or Sacrifices *. It was not my Defign, that they 
t» (hpuld acquiefce in the Shadow, and negleft the 
« Subftance. I never intended, that they (hould 
*« rcftinthePcirch; but pafs .through thefe mfe-. 
« rior Ordinances, to tXiuch fublimer Things. 
«' CHRIST wA fpiritual Bleffings were princi- 
«« pally in my View. To which all the Mofoical 
« Ufages were reUtive, fubfcryient, and one con- 
«$ tinual Manduaion."-Confidcre4in thi^Liglit ; 
asbearingaReferencetotheever-bkfled MEDIA- 
TOR ; as Emblems of his Perfon, or Pledges of 
his G^e; they acquire a real Magnificence, and 
convey the moft falutary Leffons. „. ^ _ 

The Blood put upon the Tip of the Right-Ear, 
,nd the Thumb of the Right-Hand ^Jfjotes .ur 
perfonal Application of the Death o( CHRIbJ. 
Without which all its Virtue, though boundfeft 


»;p, of the »7W.— This He mentions as a plain ind 
fomiUar MeSof teaching: this He oppofes to the 
more elevaS Strain of ulling Him ^ea^e^rh^gsiOt 
ddivet^ng efined and exaltedTruth, not accommodate^ 
i „ w f .oacitv not brought within the Compafs of 
LriifrntUe'Srft-<li"S' V ^ Affimilatlon to fen, 
fibleObjefta. 7'^"^:^^:^^^ ^,^ ' 

D I A L 6 6 U E m. iij 

and inconceivable^ Will profit Us nothing. Thofe 
particular Parts of the Body, may fignify the ^/r- 
cepiive and executive Faculties : in both which We 
offend, and for both which We need the great Pro- 
pitiation. — Of' the two Birds You mention, one 
was to be killed^ the other was to Jly away^ after 
it had been dipped in the Blood of its Fellow. 
Thus the LORD JESUS was flain for our 
Sins : and We being walked in his Blood ; being 
interefted in the Atonement of our holy Viftim, 
and elder Brother; are acquitted from Guilt, and 
efcape Condemnation. — Concerning the Pafchdl 
Lamh it was particularly enjoined ; That the Flefh 
Jhould not be eaten raw^ nor fodden with Water ^ bui 
roajled with Fire. As to every Offering from the 
Herd or from the Flock, the Fat and the Inwards 
were, by an exprefs Command of GOD, delivered 
up to the devouring Flame. All this was an Em- 
blem, of that tremendous Indignation, which is 
poured out like Fire * ; which feivied our immaculate 
SACRIFICE, that it might y^^^ polluted Sin- 
ners ; and which muflr have confumed utterly any 
Mediator, who was lefs than infinite, or other 
than divine. 

' Had You, while unacquainted with experimental 
Philofophy, beheld our renowned Newton; blowing, 
with great Afliduity and Attention, his little watery 
Bladders into the Air ; You would, probably, hav^ 
defpifed the venerable Philofopher, and. have thought 
him an hoary Idiot. But when You was made to 
underftand ; That, in every one of thofe volatile 
fopy Bubbles, He difcovered the beauteous Colours 
of the Rain-bow s That, from this feemingly childifli 
Vol. L I Experl- 

• Nah. i. 6. 

I-I4 p I A L O Q V E m* 

Experiment, He explain^ ti>f FprpiMiw ttf thM 
fineft Appearance in Nat^Bc j Ypv vfpwld th^A ^ttr 
temin a different Notion tK)th of the Maft an4 of 
his. Employ. — So, when You difcern th* Vkfied 
y£SUSy looking forth at: thtje Windot^Sj uml JbiUH 
Vtg Himfelf tkrougb ihef$ LaUicfs ♦ s>f the Jewijk 
Qbecongnxy ; You wUI> I hope, <;onceive a bighor 
Opinioj? of them, 4nd derive wbei Advantage 
from them. 

ThAr. Thf re are feverai Perfinfy a$ weU a$ ritual 
pl?fei:vanc$s3,of aycryfingularChar^w, m/Ctttion«J 
in the Mofaic LatW. The Leper y for Inftance, the iVa-. 
ss^r//^, with others of the b^f^ antiqua.te<( and gror 
teiqu^ StaQip. Thefe are no^ p^ly n>entioi»e4» h^K, 
their Cj^fe is; very cijcuinftaptially^ ainj. vW>. »Q 
fmall Solemnity, defcribed. AH w^x;h faen),. t<l 
me at leaft, fo many pompous, but t^nmeaning«' 
ratives \ that convey no main^er pf J&diiication to 
Readers in the prefent Age* — =1 hs^ve frequeptljl hact 
an Inclination, and now I; have a, proper Opportu^ 
liity, to afk your Opinion if pOA thefe Points^ 

Afp, I am; obliged to You, Thir^n^ for giving me 
* the Hinl^. Wha^t You propqfq, i^ by i>p Means fo- 
reign to the Topic of our Difcourfe. — ^Thofe Per- 
fons were truly remarkable^ neitlfer are th^ Pecu- 

' * Cflfitk. 11. 9. The Wbrd^ ia tho fiift Bdition, is 
fiourijhing through. It was taken U'OfXk the HihrNv^ 
without confulting the EngUJb Bible, ai^d is a litprj^ 
Tranllation of ^'IfO Which fignifies more than, barely 
flawing Himfelf \ (hewing Himfelf with Luftreand Beauty. 
Like a delicate Flower, in its mod blooming State, and 
all its gloify Colours. — Yet Hooriflung through Igotticts \ 
manifefling Himfelf, not completely, but in part ; con- 
eealing fbme, while He reveals much, of hi& mediato- 
rial Glory, 

bl A L O G U E IIL ri5 

*liaritJes of tHeif Cafe recorded in vain. They pic- 
ture out, in difmal and delfghiflii Colours, the Sin- 
ner and the g A V I O tJ R.— To know Ourfelves, 
and to know CHRIS Ty is trueWifdotft; is in- 
'deed the Confuntmation of alt Knowledge. Mere, 
We hsKwe ^ Lt&ute of hiefoglyphical InftruSion, 
Gti both thofe impoftant S^ut)je<^s. • 
; The L^ef * Wa^ an Embfem of a Sinner.— His 
T>rlfejfe e^rtreihrfy afSi^ive to Rimfelf, arid irrtorei. 
rably foathfoiTie* to others. Sin like wife is xh^ forefi 
0f all MlferiejSj to fhe Wretch who commits it; 
and moft dete/toMy odteus, tb the Q O D who for- 
bids it. — The Leper was fecluded from the Benefits 
of Society^ and all Communication with his Fellow- 
citizens.. The Sinner alfo, while impenitent and 
unpardoned, is ari jflten txom. the Commoawealth 
of Ifrael t ; without any Enjoynaent of the Com- 
, forts, or any Tntereft in the Privileges of the Gofi 
pel. If He dies in. this Condition, He muft bo for 
ever Jhuf out from the Kingfom of Heaven ; fpc 
ever cut off from the Pi-efence of the LORD, 

The Contagion was fometimes fo fejitier.t ; that 
it not only tainted th&Clothes of theDifeafcd, but 
fpread itfelf over the Walls of his Houfe, and in- 
fedied the Timber of the Beams. It was ibme- 
tiines fo inveterate \ that there was no other poflibl© 
Way of eradicating it^ but only by burning the 
Garment, and demoHlhing the Building. Does 
not this give Us a clear, but melancholy View,' of 
cr/^fiWf Corruption? Which has transfufed itsPoi- 
fon, througb^ all the Faculties of the Soul, and all 
the Members of the Body. Nor will ever be in- 
I 2 tirely 

* Sic Lev. Chap, xiii, xiv- \ Eph. il. L2. 

ii6 D I A L O G U E III. 

tirely expelled, till Death releafes the former, and 
configns the latter to the Duft. 

What could cure this terrible Diftcmper, even i^ 
its mildeft State ? Not all the Balm of Giliad-, not 
all the Drugs on a thoufand Hills \ nothing but the 
' confecrated 0\\ 2ind facrificial Bloody duly applied by 
the High-Prieft. And what can heal the Difor7 
ders of our fallen Souls ? So far heal them, as to 
purge away their Guilt, and fubdue the Prevalence 
of their Iniquities ? No Afts of Mortification, no 
Vigilance, nor any Efforts of our own 5 nothing 
but the atomng Death, and fanaifying SPIRIT 
of the blefled JESUS. The Malignity and Viru- 
lence of this Plague of the Heart, are abfolutely 
incorrigible by any other Remedy. But, bleffed 
be divine Grace, this Remedy, provided' by our 
great H I G H-P R I E S T, and adminiftered by our 
great PHYSICIAN, is fovereign, is infallible. 

The Cafe of the Nazarites ♦ was the very reverfe 
of the State of the Lepers. Her Nazarites^ Jeremiah 
f;iys, were purer than Snow, they were whiter than 
Afili ; they were more ruddy in Body than Rubies, their 
Polijhing was of Sapphires f- A faint Reprefenta- 
tion of the only begotten SON, who is the fair ejl 
dm'ong ten thoufand -, the Brightnefs of his PA- 
TH E R's Glory, and the exprefs Image of his 
Perfon ; both GOD and Man in one facred, 
wonderful, adorable SAVIOUR. — They, during 
the Time of their. Separation, abftained from Wine; 
withdrew from fecular Bufinefs ; avoided every Kind 
of Pollution ; and dedicated themfelves, in an efpe- 
ciai Manner, to the Service of G O D. A Type 
of that glorious NAZAR ITE, who was feparated,' 


• ^e'^Nutnb, Chap. vi. f L^^- ^v- 7« 


for a Seafon, from the Fruitions of Heaven : who 
was holj^, harmlefs, and undefiled, ' both in his 
1 Nature and all his Convcrfation : who fandlified 

1 ^ Himfelf, and devoted his Life and Labours, his 

^ Soul and Body, to the piory of his FAT HER, 

and the Redemption of his People.^ — The Ncfxa^ 
! rites^ even when they had difcharged their Vow, 

and were ceremonially clean, yet were obliged to 
offer a Sin-offering, a Burnt-offering, and a Peace- 
offering. So, the great REDEEMER, though 
He had perfe£fly obeyed all the preceptive Parts of 
the divine Law, yet was required to offer up a Sa- 
crifice — even the incomparably precious Sacrifice of 
Himfelf—- in order to confummate the Work of our 

Ther. Have You a fufEcient Warrant, for this. 
Strain of Interpretation ? Is it founds is it raiionaly 
or conformable to any authentic Standard of fcfip- 
tural Expofition ? Methink^, it looks more like the 

I Child of Fancy, than the Offspring of Judgment ; 

I more like the Sally of ^ fportive Imagination, than 

I the Refult gf a fober Difquifition. 

You cannot be ignorant, Afpafto^ how the ruling 
Paffion tinftures the whole Conduft. Hence it i^ 
I apprehjend, that your religious Inamorato^s find hea- 
venly Beauties, where Scripture intended no more 
than natural Truths. Hc^ce it is, that they turn 
plain Fafts into profpupd Figures, and allegorize 
common Senfe into pious Abfurdity.-r-Have You 
never feen the ^^/V. Interpretations of fome anticnt, 
and I may add, (bme modern pivines ? The Honefty 
of their Defign is tranfparent, and the Piety of their 
Hearts is unqueftionabk ; otherwife, We (hould be 
I 3 tempted 

jj5 D I a L O G.U K III. 

tempted to fufpe^t, that ^ey me^^gt tP burle/quf 
the Scriptures, and difgrag? th«ir Author, 

Who can ever perfua4e Himfelf, . that UlC fu- 
prem^ly wifc G P> wpijd fend Us tp fearcb for 
a pody of Divinity^ in a bundle of /fc/i ? Or fet U* . 
to fpin all the Myfteries of Chri.fti^nity, from a 
few Fleeces of Wool, rin^-JirtQked^ Jpeckledy and 
jotted * ? Thus to expound t^ Scripture^^ i$, npt 
to open them clearly, and s^ply them judicioufly^ 
but rather to whip them into Froth t- 

Jfp. We have the Authority of our LORD 
Himfelf. Who has informed Us — Thaf Xh% bra%$9i 
Serpent lifted up in the Wildernefs J, . was figurative 
pf .bi$ own Sufpenfion and Death pn thf Cr0is,-;-f 
That the Temple^ built on Mount Sion^ w^§ typical 
of his immaculate Body, in which dwelt all the 
Fulnefs of the QpDHEAD ||.— That the Pro- 
phet Jonah^ lodged in the ?elly of the Whale, and 
difcharged from that ftrange Confinement, on the 
third Pay § ; was ^n Emblem of bis pwn defcenJf-' 
ing Intq the Grave, a^d rifing again before his 
Fle(h faw Corruption. 

We have alfo the TcftimOny and the Praftice of 
the chiefeft of the Apoftles, for our Warrant. 
Speaking of Hagar and Sarah^ fie exprefly fays ; 
Whic)) Things are aK Allegory, A figivative Tranf- 
aftion 5 where onq Thing is done, another defigned ; 
or the apparent Hiftgry, cooiprehends a latent Myf- 
tery. — He aflures Us, That the Roci, fmitten by 


• Gen. XXX. 39. 

t l^uther ufed to call fuch far-fetched and unnatural' 
Allegories, Sfumam S^ipiuri^, ■ > 

I John lii. i4» [[ John ii. i^^ ^i. Col. «. 9., 

5 Matt. ^ii. $g, 40. 

13 I A L O O U E IIL nj 

Mfes, had a Reference to GHRIST"* j who ^^ 
Woundied for our Sins^ ahd is the Fouhdation of 
^\Xt Hopes. That the fFaierr^ iflbing it the St'rbkfe^ 
iJ^re figiiificative of thofe fpiritaal Bleffings, which 
flow froin a crudfied SAVIOUR, That* as the 
farmer fitlHVid the Sons of Jacoby through all thfe 
CircUinvoliltioii« of thiir tedious Jouriifey ; the lair 
tst iceotttpany. the DifCipIcs of JESUS^ in hvtty 
Stage of their eafthlf Pil^Pimage.— Let the grcaSt 
Teacher of the G^ntiks be our Expofitor ; and W« 
fliall fee the V^il of the Ttmfk dignified with a Sig- 
nificancy, richer far than its coftly Materials* and 
curious Workmanfhip, Its 8Hk knd Embroidery 
exhibit, to the Eye of Faith, the pure and fpbtlefe 
Flefh of aHUlSTf. Ad, by rendhi^ the mate- 
rial Veil, the Holy of Holies became vifible and 
acttffible ; fo, bj^ piercing the Body, ani fpiHin|; 
the Blood of CHRIST^ the GOD of Heaven 
wis marAfefted ill all his Goodnefs, and the King- 
dom Of Heaven vf^ dpemd to all Believers. 

Evety Reader- muftadriitre thofe Jhlded fPhves i 
which, iiiftcad of overwhelming the Ifraelites with a 
rcfiftlefs Deluge, ftood like a Wall of Defence on 
th^ir Right-hand, and on their left, as they marched 
through the Depthi of the Sea. — Every Reader muft 
admire t\izt fufpmdid Cloudy which fpread itfelf lik? 
a fpacioiis CaftOpy over the Hofts of Ifrael ; ahd 
fcfeened them from the a'nnoying^ Sun-beams, as 
they paffed through the fultry Defart $. — Our 
I 4 Admi- 

• I Cor. X. 4* t Heb. x. 20. 

X It is faid. That the Ifraetitesy pafling through the 
Defarts of Arabia^ faw not a green Tree, nor a fhady 
Spot, for many Months. Iffb, this miraculous Cloud, 
this gra6d Umbrellai auft \ii unfpeakably ferviceable 
and refreihing. 

no D I A L o G u E nr: 

Admiration muft be heightened, when We find 
that J which was a Cloud by Day, becoming a Pillar 
of Fire by Night ; and illuminatijig their Camfr 
with the moft amazing, as well as the ihoft chtiur- 
ing Splendor.-r-But St., Paul difcern^ a greater 
Glory, and a deeper Defign, in thefe unparalleled 
Events. The People, He fays, were baptized unto 
Mofes^ in the Cloud and in the Sea ♦. Thefe fym- 
boiically reprefented. The Baptifm of Water and 
* of Fire; or the AppHcation of CHRI&Ts Blood 
to our Souls, and the Efficacy of his SPIRIT on 
our Hearts. In the former of wbich^ confifts our 
Juftification ; from the latter of which, proceeds 
our San£kificatidn. 

I fear. You would think my Difcourfe, fome- 
what like the Journey juft now mentioned, if I was 
to touch upon the Ordinances, of the «V/ Confti- 
tution. The Ox not to be mu^tzled, in treading 
out the Corn f ; was a virtual Provifion for the 
Maintenance of Minifters, who *' labour in the 
« Wprd atnd Doftrine," The Fidds not to be 
fowed with divers Kind? of Seed; Linnen and 
Woollen not to be intermingled in the fame Ma- 
nufafture % ; feem to prohibit all dilEiiiilar and unr- 
natural Conjbinations. Efpecially of a Believer 
^nd Infidel, in the Bond of Marriage ; or of hu- 
tnan Rightequfnefs and divine, in the Cafe of Juf- 
tification. Thefe Particulars, with others of the 
fame Nature, I pafs over. But I muft not w^holly 
omit the Epiftle to the Hebrews. Which is the 
moft unexceptionable Vindication, as well as the 
•faultlefs Model, pf allegorical Expofition. 


• I Cor. ^, 3. f Deut. xxv. 4. 1 Cor. ix. 9, 10. 
X Lovit. xix. ip' 


It is delightftil to obferve, what Propriety-. oF 
AddrcfS) the infpired Writer ufes. He fpeaks to 
the Jnusj in tl^eir own Way : alludes to their ovvii 
Uf^es, Ordinances, and Ceremonies : proves them 
xo be Types of, aid Guides to, a more clear, a 
•.more benign, and in all refpeds a more excellent ♦ 
Oeconpmy. More particularly He difplays the . 
tranfcendeni Superimty oi CHRISTzn^ his Gifts, 
even to thofe Perfons and Privileges, which they^ 
•held in the higheft Efteem. Thefe, like the Morn^ 
ing Star, were introductory^ to, yet totally eclipfed 
by, the rifing Sun. • ' • • ^ 

They had exalted Apprehenfions of tht Angelic 
-Excellencies. The Apoftle therefore celebrates the 
-REDEEMER, as the 1.0RD whom Angels 
obey, as the GOD whom Angels adore. — Thev 
always reckoned Mofes to be the frfi Favo'tlrite of 
Heaven, and chief among the Children pP Men. 
He lets them know, that A/ij/Jj, vnth all his extra- 
ordinary Endowments, was but a Servant in .'th'i 


• He ftyles the legal Oblations, and indeed the xAxAc 
Service of the Je^tft? Sanftuary, The Example and'^ba^ 
dtm) of heavenly Things i or of CHR I$T JESUS', and 
evangelical Worihip, and 'fpiritual' Bleffings, Hei. viii. 
5.W— r-aro^nJfftK, the PafterB: ^mewhaf like the Strokes^ * 
penciled out upon a Piece of fine Linen $ ^hich pxeS^nt 
You with the Figure of Sprigs, of -Leaves^ and of 
Flowers ; but have not yet received theiV fplendid Co- 
lours, their curious Shades, and beautiful Enrichments, 
from the Labours of the Needle. — £«»«, A Jhadonjjy Re^ 
frefentati^: which gives You fomc dim and imperfedl 
Idea of tne Body ; hut not the fine Features, not the dif- 
tinguifhing Air, none of ^hofe living Graces, which 
adorn the real Perfon.— Yet, both the Pattern and the 
Shadow lead our Mbds to fomething nobler than thent<* 
felves. The Pattern, to that v/YiizYi completes it; the 
Shadow, to that which accajlens it. 

122 D I A L Q G IJ E lit. 
Houfe of JESUS^ It M^aii hii.ghsHtdft Honour, to 
minifter unto this Prince of ?t%Q€.*^At the Prifeft- 
hood and Sacrifices were fome of t^cir diftinguiAi- 
ing Privileges; Ha (hesfra t}ic Pre-eminence of 
CHRIS T's Office t4» all th* jhirpnu Orders. He 
deowmftrates the extenfive 4nd eVeriafting Efficacy 
of f>is fine Atonement j in Preferenoe to eycry Form, 
and the whole temporary Sorta* of Levitical Ob^ 

Ther: Thus interpreted^ I mtcft acknowledge, the 
Book of i^v/V/W Ceremonie* '\^ Jignificmt and edi^ 
fying. Whereas, abftraded frqm this evangelical 
Impiov^ment, xiotbing can te more ethpty and je- 
june. 1 once thought, that, to perufe thoffe cbfo- 
Icte Canons, was like fitting dp\yM t^ an Entertain- 
ment of dry Bones.. But, if ftteh be their Im^t, 
they may yield Marrow and Fatnefc to^ the attentive 

Due Caise, koweyer, fbould be taken, not tofup- 
pofe a. Type, where there is np tf/|^(jir^^. Foundation 
of Analogy in the Thing itfelf ; or no Hint of this 
Nature given Us by the unerring SPIRIT. Left, 
iirffcad of being gisffded by Truth, iV'e ar e bewildered 
by Fancy. — And, when elttier or botfr thefe Handle^ 
prefent themfelves, I thin^k, We flipuld beware of 
ftralihing tfee>8ub)e£k, beyond thfif Bounds^ of a juft 
iinirAifimMeC<mp^ri(i^Tt. .'Left, infteadof fdllowr- 
irtg tbe Clue, We ffretcft it tilt it breaks.— If the 
£rft Caution is not abferved, the Serife of Scripture 
will lie fo deep, or be removed 10 futh a Diftance ; 
that rtcJrte but Perfoiis df the moft aeute^ifcern- 
ment, can find it ; or none but Perfons of the moft 
cxcucfive Imagination^ c^n -reach it. If the fecond 
is ni>t regarded, the MeanfeAg o-f thofe divine Vo- 

pi hhoov Em izt 

\nm^ wUl ^^ecpflne io vagu^e und volatik^ that the^f 
will UajFdlf jrcmaia ;afiy Pgdfibility of alccrteij3i»g or 
fixing it. , ^ 

i^. As to tb« Expediwce and N«ccffity of thcfc 
'cautionary i*inoitations *^ I havethe Pieafiajx of 
^gpeeiiig eisitircly witb my Frieiid.— Let ojir ¥%Bcf 
i\x\^mx to the JEUin$ of Judgment, otbcrwife her 
£j(QHrijon$ wHi be wild aod lmifUfs\ JUt our 2^ 
borrow the Eyc^ of Difcretion, otbcrwKe her Effort! 
will hQ, blind and txtravaganU And let all, .tbuf 
tempered) . thus regulated^ be under the Influence 
of enlightening Grace. Thtn^ to fpiritualiae the 
antient Scripture*, /Will be to convert the Stone* 
of the SaniSUiary into the Jewete of a Crown j and 
to fetcbi not Water only, bjaf Milk and Honey^ 
from the flinty Rock- 
Then^ how pleafing muft it be, as well ^ in-r 
ftruaive, to difcover the blcfied JESUS, in aB 
the InftitiHJQns of the Mafaiclfim f .-^^-^To fee lui^ 
Incarnation prefigured by the Feaft of Tab^maclei J# 
When the Ifraelites were to relinquHb their Houfea^ 


• The Cautions, neceflary to be ufedon this Occafioa, 
are more copiouffy and very particularly laid down, by. 
Wtfiui m his WfeelUntA^ p4g. ^^^^ iSc, Conccrmug 
which Rules, our elegant and judicious Author obferves ; 
Ha funt allegoricarum tS typicarum Interpretaiionum Leges, 
^iius fprttis n^gle^yftt^.^ Jt quis Jngems /us ixdulgiai^ ip- 
fefur ^bi .tuyjlkts Sa^^ ea£9gife$, ut ca qute fimt DQ2C?m 
locutiones planae, in niTH xmgnttz tramfbrmet ; is lion 
StnfioB Beif fed dniri fm tbtrudit Fignunta ; et^ ui Hie- 
rw^tu «^I» Scriptum lyawhatico carrore verfatan 

t Agreeably to tke jufi; ai»d beautifot Qbiervatioii of 

yfx^u ' Wkfit tki ham JketcM ^«/ in a JbadtKu&y Drstu^f 
€£LRIS^ fxittbkid in rtal Lifi tmd Suhftanu. . . ; 

t Lev. xxili. 34, 40, 42. , 


and lodge in Booths. Even as the S ON of GOD 
left the Bofom of his FATHER, and the Seats 
of Blifs, to inhabit a Cottage of Clay, and fojourn 
in a Vale of Tears. — ^To fee our fpotlcfs and Di- 
vine VICTIM, typically flain at the joyful So- 
lemnity of the Paffiver^ and the anniverfary Faft of 
Expiathn. — -To fee his Death, that ineftimablc Ran- 
torn for our Souls, prefented to our Faith, in every 
Morning and Evening Sacrifice ♦ : his Interceffion, 
that prevailing Recommendation of our Prayers, 
hioft fweetly expreffed by the rich Incenfe^ which 
attended the iacred Rite. — To fee the various Me- 
thods of Furtficathn ; fome pointing at the Foun- 
tain t for Sin and for Uncleannefs, opened in our 
REDEEMER'S bleeding Heart ; others referring 
to thofe fanftifying Operations of the SPIRIT, 
which aft as a Refiner^s Fire J, or as Fullers Sope, — - 
To fee, in the City of Refuge H, that inviolable Sanc- 
tuary, that moft perfeft Security, which CHRIST'S 
meritorious Sufferings, yield to the believing, and 
tender to every Sinner. 

Was it fo very afFefting, and fo very encouraging 
to JEneas^ when He beheld the Story of the Trojan 
Heroes, piftured upon the Walls of the Carthaginian 
Temple § ? How much greajter Encouragement and 

' . ■ Joy 

♦ Exod. xxjx. 38, 39. t Exod. xxix. 4. Numb, 

3g|2v 18. PfaL li. 7. J Numb. xxxi. 23. Ifai. iv. 4. 
|( Numb. XXXV. 11, 12. 

§ ViRG. iEn. I. 454, &c, JEruaSi fhipwrecked 
upon a Coaft unknown, goes abroad, accom^nied with: 
a fingle Friend, in order to make Difcoveries. To learn 
the Name of the Country, the Nature of the Inhabitants^ 
^nd what Treatment Himfelf and his Companions were 
likely to find. Wandering in this Manner, He enters* 
a ilately Temple, adoixed with hiftorical Paintings. 
6 " ' And 

DIALOGUE m. 125 

Joy muft arifc in the Chriftian's Breaft, when He 
perceives the amiable Lineaments of his Everlaft- 
ing FRIEND, pourtrayed in all the Peculiarities 
of the Je^ijh Worlhip, and in the moft diftinguifh- 
ing Events of the Jevitjh Hiftory ! This muft highly 
ennoble the Bible, and inexpreflibly endear it tQ 
our AfFeftipns. This fpreads, Luftre^, Life^ and 
Gloryj through every Page gf that bleffed Boolc-^* 
Though I would beware of indulging, what might 
be called a pious Wantonnefs of Imagination j yet 
I {hould much rather choofe, in expounding the 
Scriptures, to ramble a little with Auguftine^^ among 
the Groves, the Fountains, and the Flowers of the 
Gofpel J than to ftumble with Grotm *, amidft the 
dark and barren Defarts of unevangclical CriCicifm. 
I wouU fee, or think I fee my SAVIOUR, where 
it may not, perhaps, be eafy to make out the Traces 
of his Dignity, to the Satisfaftion of a rigorous En- 
quirer ; rather than fliut my Eyes upon the Oifplay 
of his Perfedions, when they beam forth with the 
moft inviting Beauty. . 

And what are the Subjefts of thefe fine Decorations f 
To his great Surprife, and cqaal Satisfadion, He finds 
them to be the Trojan War, and the Exploits of his 
Countrymen. This Incident afFe^ls Him extremely. 
Difpels his Fears ; animates his Hopes;. and turns his 
Defpondency into Confidence. 

• Grotiusj it is too well kno^n, could not, or would 
n^ fee thePerfon and the Sufferings of CHRIST^ even 
in the liiid Chapter oijfalah. No, not in that Chapter, 
where the Earl oi Rochefter faw fuch a bright and endear- 
ing Manifeftation of the REDEEMER'S Grace, as 
laid the Foundation for his extraordinary Converfion. 
Strange ! that a learned and renowned Expofitor, (hould 
have Tefs fpiritual Difcernment, (hould be abundantly 
more dim-fighted, {jMuvoit^^y) than a dKTolute and infa- 
mous Libertine. 


Tb/r. Haw foon is our Walk finifted ) Ho^ im^ 
perceptibly has the Time flrole away !— -ThtfieG^- 
tttn-Gatts I always ufed to approach with a parcicukr 
Complacency. They feemed to afford me a mef- 
€$im Retreat from the Impertinence aiKi Yta^i^y of 
the World. Now, methinksi^ I enter th«i» wkft 
ftektdance. Beeaufe, fhey are likely t© p<it X Pe-- 
wdd to- this agreeable Converfation. — Rcywe^igr, st6 
mj.AfpoJk enters with me, I am reconciled, Z am 
Arrisfiedf. It will be in his Power to reftore^he 
PfeafiMrey which ttniit now be interrupted. And 
thJs K' what I fhall ere tong rcqueft ; bccaafe, I 
koi^e not fpoke my whole Mind upon the prcfent 

A^. Whenever You think proper, Thero?^ This 

i^ to me, z favourite Subjed^ : and not to me only, 

but to fncomparably better Judges^ — The Man, 

wHq had been caught up inta the third Heavens^ 

and (l»iv the Vifions of GOD, determined to kno^ 

nothing but JESUS CHRIST and Him a^uef^ 

fed*-. — At the grandeft Affembly, that ever was 

convened on Earth, this furniflied the principalf if 

soA the' onfy Topic of Converfation. — And ia that 

WorW, where the Voice of Joy and Thanksgiving 

is perpetually heard, this conftitutes the Burden ot 

the Song ; Thou waft Jlabiy and. haft redeemed Us^ tm 

QaD kytkjt-Bioodt. 

• I Cor* ii. a, f Rev. r. 9, 

D I A- 



M U S.T now deflre my Aff^fio to in- 
form nie — Of whom that giw^d AiTem- 
bly confifted, (which He mentioned in 
the Clofe of our \:iSt DiTcourfe) and 
njjhere it was convened, ? 
Afp. Can't you guefs, Tljeron ? — Was it in the 
Plains of Thejajy ; when Xerxes rf^e^y together, the 
Forces of more than half the known World, and 
apjf^rjcd at the Headof all the Potentates of the 
Eaft ? — Was it in the Rpmtin Forum j when the 
Senators were affembled in their Robes, arid the 
Barbarians took them for a Synod of Gods ? — ^No ; 
It was on the Mount of Trans^guratlon. Where the 
S,Q N of the true G O D, the L O R D of eter- 
nal Glory, (hone forth in ibme of hb cekftial and 
native Spfendbur ; with Garments white as thd 
ilbw-faUeo Siiciws. *, and* a Counteaance bri^tas 


. * Mark ix. 3. The Evangelift's Dcfcription «^ like 
the Scene, . remarkahly bright %, aird the Gradation of: hit 
Images, is ahnqft as worthy ofObiecradbn,. ar.the niei» 
moiable F^— tTh© Qarwents. w»r«! 'wbrte^^^e^ceuting 


faS DI A L O G U E IV. ^ ^ 

the meridian Sun. Where He converfed with two 
of his moft diftinguilhed Saints, juft come down, 
from the Regions of Blifs and Immortah'ty : with 
Mofes the meek Deliverer of the* Law, and with 
£A//7A the refoluteReftorer of its Honours. " Where 
He was attended by three of his principal AmbaiTa- 
dors ; who were to be the Reformers of Mankind, 
and the Lights of the World, ^ ^ . . 

♦ This, I think, is the moft venerable and augiift 
'Aflembly, which the Annals of Hiftory have re- 
corded. — ^And what was the Topic of Converfation, 
among thefe illuftrious Perfonages ? — ^Not the Af- 
fairs of State, nor the Revolutions of Empire ; not 
the. curious Refinements of Literature, nor the 
wonderful Difcoveries of Philofophy ; but the igno^ 
minious and bloody Exit ♦, which the Divine JESUS 
was foon to make ztyerufalem, — ThisCircumftance, 
methinks, fhould recommend the Subjeft to our fre- 
quent Difcourfe ; even though it was lefs eminent, 
for ihtrinfic Dignity, and comfortable Import. 

Talking in this manner, they arrive at the Pari, 
Which, the Moment You enter, fills the View with 
• * its 

white — white as the Sntnv — whiter than any Fuller on 
Earth could make them — furpaffing all the Works efJrt, 
equaling the firft and fincll Produftions of Nature, — ^Nay, 
fo ^reat was the Luftre, fo fwectly yet fo ftrongly rcful-. 
gent, that it gliftered (s/iyilo r»xCo»Ia) like the Lightening, 
and even dazzled the Sight. ^" 

* Does not this very delicately, yet very forcibly in- 
timate. That the Sufferings and Death of CHRIST^ 
were the principal End of the Mofaic Inftitutions, and 
the principal Subjedl of the Prophetic Teachings ? For, 
is it not natural to fuppofe, that Mofes and Elijcdj intend'-* 
cd, when minifterhig on Earth, that ytiy Thing, which 
their Converfation dwelt upon, when they defcended 
from' Heaven? 

DIALOG U£ I-V. 113 

il$ bold, enlarged, and magnificent Sweep. — >It was 
diverfified with level and rifing Ground. Here^ 
foooped iiito mimic Amphitheatres > witk the Deer 
pendent on the little Summit, or fhootingdown the 
eafy Precipice. There, raifed into gentle Hillocks ; \ 
foifie of which were canopied with a large, fpread^ 
ing, folitauy Oak ; others were tufted with a Cluf-* 
ter of tapering and verdant Elms. Two or three 
Cafcades^ gleaming from afar, as they poured along^ 
the flanting Rock, or the grafly Slope^ gave apleaf- 
ingVariatiott^to theProfpe£t. While they ftartled^ 
the tiitiorous.unexperienced Fawns, with their foam- , 
ing Current, and watery Kozr, -^Grandeur and S/w- 
plkity fieemed to be the Genius of thePJace. Every 
Thing breathed an Air of noble Negligence, and 
artlefs M^efty. . ; 

In the Center of all, xfofe a curious, r^Tiumtic, 
Mounu^^ltM Form was exa6tly round. Somewhat 
f\ like a Sugarrloaf, whpfe Cone is lopt pff, a little 

j . below the; Point^-^Not coeval with Nature, but the 

i Work of human Induftry. . Thrown up, 'tis fup- 

I pofed, in thofe perilous Times, wheii Britain was 

' aliumed by foreign Invafions, or bled with inteftine 

Wounds.-*^It was. covered, all aipund, .with Elder-, 
ihrubs. WhofeBknks^.grauduaUy rifing and fpread- 
ing Shade above Shade, coinpofed a. kind of woody , 
Theatre. Tlu^mgh which were ftruck two or thiee, 
fpirallFall&i leading, byagentle Afcent^-^anduj^^t 
der embowering Vcrdurf, to the Summit.— At JM^, 
' . per Intervals, and on* every Sij^of j^eHill^ were, 

formed little Jrbours ; with Apettures, cut through 
the JSoughs, to admit a Profpeft of the Country.-* 
I In one dr other of ihcfe le^^y Boxes, You com- 

1 mand, at every Hour of the Day, either^ enliven- 

J , VoL» I. K ing 

ija D.r AX og..u® iy^ 

HoT^ agi:eeal)ler aA tth^x <dimb» %»<iwill0l thtifiH. 
felves^rouad the^Hill, to rdikySLor^tJigJa^Glf^jifg^ 
which has^ nmr takica..pIftco!?r'W'hes«ifts^ij ii^t^ 
miets gleaa»ed^ or. bnz^it S^lxh dajQboi,, tl^ GM^ ' 
finchts twitt€£ tlK^. L^ves^and diff^ tftt^ paiiUodL 
P^EMnes. Tl^Dcn&o£Ra|)4iuB^oetkft.hwEidii»un|ft. 
of Bloo<yheds are become the Rfltaqatax^oabBuCoiiAj 
templation, and fnettdlyGoBynife'TnT.n.yqgdMl<Bw^^ 
Spaces^ where the-armed Troops wej» vGQflt.iQ^fiftr. 
tto\'y from yr)2pnce thNiy.madeJ^iii^aji^ tar| 
the Villages, or terrify the Swains ^ itifi.F^iWrdur* 
tf ip Itghtl/y or the fuU«-he:|ded Stag^ftand at bayv 

From a fmall Emii^fince, \mt at a^cQafidfiCdhle^ 
Dtftanee, gafhed a Ca«ipl&of Saprings*. IVik^ph, camrr. 
biinz through a (^im^ loftvona.ane(hei.iikduuflad]PL' 
Labyrihtbw Eniergmg, at tengiby fiv^akdK Slooiiv 
they approached^ neiggw^ and nuB»f, aad lell<mtafi 
Emhrace& ab the Soot ofi tllisvifiU^^ Th^ itolUli. 
in amicaU^ CM^an&ioiiv abp^ tbe^ pebM}K €hu^ 
notr which* ia^inrtea^ ils^Bo^^ tiwfoaddttlk ih^'mfi*^. 
Bat M^^ u^^t.fpif^apW(B^£i% of.ijfee Bindft.^. 
Flowing ofF-itt^one oommohi S^j^Ma^ tbey^fbuncd^ 
thefine Fi^es^o^Wateg^ w^ct^fasaiUifi^kHa PMi^ , 
F^om thence^ they ftole iattxt&e Montpoe^ andb 
v^jdened^ mta a JS^^r.; 7htJB»^ eaBBLi^aMdras it( 
vmerr wi^ each ether^ the^gtrd^ b^Mimhh^ To wnfv ^ 
and-fwce]jth«5ughfk>w^^YaJ«a; icgardUi^ioithoi 
Moomifrg ^ojrs,, wiiich decfe-^tfce-oiiei. and) of the^^ 

J % 




■ So, mi J^i^9 may Th^m and his S^iinay pka* 
tiiig and pl^ed wi'tb each other> pais thfougb iht 
bui^ aiKct the amttSjig Scenes, of Life; nertfcti; cap- 
tivated hy tdto 6mv nop- anodoua f<K» the ethek 
With Aicb harmonious Agitewiitnt, ajM^ indiifeltibte 
Unjon, nia]rtiejr:pHr(M tktf Coufft, markedf «ttl 
hy ]^ovi46i»09 ; tfaeh> tbipfin^ incrM/mg^ mi thtit 
lT%fU)nefe> enlapgihgi as theydfawnearer theOctM 
of ^ Gooi. Then, parted \if a gtntk Stnt:e of 
Fate, Bk^ tke Wafeess o£ fi>i]i»aiffi)ittii SareaiA fWei^ 
lijp th» Pki:^ of an mtenreiun^ B«i4ge, n^af tiNnr 
fyxiainf rminlteWiUuiiite in confuiniiuite JUift^ 
ai]<d nover he ftpacated^ofeef 

7}«v r tkauk Ybuy 4^^> fo»];i«ut affeaionatt; 
CoTOf limiMit, Ner caa I wifc y<D»i, by wjqr of Re. 
^iiifi^ a greateir l^oeoiDiigLeoee^ tbaa the concimial 
Exereift of fi^cka bimctfoleMt Temper^ For» to cm* 
«rci^ BenevokiKio, i^ to en^oy the moft refined and 
^exalted neaAiri ; ftick a» nial^ the n^ai^flr AfH 
]pK>aplie& ta the l^^Iki^ oF the eternal Muidi who» 
as the Scriptof e mofk beautifully Ipeakfi, kas-PUa^ 
'ffort> kt the Prc^fperHyfif iis^ Serfyanti. 
. JQut while We are feated on this Moun^F, eur Si- 
tuaden reminds Ue of (what You juft now mtoK* 
tiqoed) thi gri^nd Conferenee pc]^tixyg to the Death 
of QH'R I S^F:^ An I.Y9nti fi>r whieb yon havo^ 
ki^od aoceuated^ but in a Manner, not the cao^ 
honourable to the divine AttJFibute&. 

uijp^ I haye Fepye&nted it, zi^fa Ranfim fb« ouc» 
Souli^ an^ a Sturtfiu for ottr $n^. IP You diftp** 
prove my Account, be pleafed^ to fitvoiur me wWt 
yqiur own. — For what Purpofe, according to your 
Opinion, did that ever-bleffed PERSON die? 


Ther. To confirm the Truth of h\^ Doftritif, ixii 
leave Us a PatternX)f the moft pcrfcft Refignation. 

^. And ts this all? Shall We thua.impoverifll 
the Riches of Grace ?— Was this Notion defenfihle^ 
it could nev^r be defirahU. But it has as little to 
/upportit, as it has to recommend it.-*-Fory upon 
fuch a Suppofition, where is the Difference bctweert 
the Death of CHRIST^ and the Death of Ae 
Martyrs ? Thiy confirmed the Truth of the Gofpeh 
J^n.their Sufferings was Olsi^dience and Refignation ; 
the fame ia Qp^ity, though not in Degree.-^Upon 
fuch .a Suppofition, what Benefit could the antient 
Patriarchs receive from the R ED E.E M E R & 
Sincef^None could be improved by the Example of 
his Paticiicey or the Pattern of his Obedienjce, till 
they were a<Siially exhibited. — Dr how could 
C/fl?/*r be fty led, The LAMB pin from the Foun- 
dation of the World * ? The Advantages of wbofe 
Peatby commenced from the very Beginning, 'a» 
they will be prolonged even to the End of Time. 

N^l^to depend on* coafequentialArgurtjents^ let 
Ufs \^t ^he exprefs. Declar^ion of our Divine 
^MASTER Hinifeif: This is m^ Bloody which is> 
^^rf— for what ? Td:give Credibility to my Gofpcl, 
o^. yield ai> Example of entire Refignation ? Rather 
r^for the^Jlemiffi nt ofiSim t* Will any Oae. attempt 
t^ make. The Res^iffion of Siiiis, and the Propofa^ 
of a Pattern or the Ratification?, of a Doftrine, fy- 
nonimous Terms ? — They,^ who caa torture and. 
tranfmqte the genui|ie Seofe of Words,, at jthis ex- 
traordinary rate, may metamprphoie ar<y l!xpref- 
fion into any Meaniiig.' ^ . . 

■: •■ ' .-^ ; • . -- • ■ " If 

. . . ;* Rev. iiii. ». ,. f Matt, xxxt 28. 


DIALOGUE- IV.: 13^: 

• if tbchWc would cohfider our LORD's Death, 
m its duf Amplitude % We muft consider k, both as 
7t Pattern of Piety, and as a Ranfom for Sinners. 
We muft neither feparate nor coafound thefe very 
diftinS, yet very cbnfiftent EiFc6fc& 

Tber. Is it not inconfiftent with the acknowledged 
Principles of Juftice, That the Innocent fliould be 
punifhed, inftead of the Offender ? 
, Jfp. If the innocent Perfon has zrxabfolute Power- 
ever his own Life j tuillingly fubftijtutes Himfelf in 
^the Place of the Qjuilty 5 and, by his vicarbus Suf- 
ferings^ fiijly anfwers all the Purpofes oi tl righteous 
GdVerjimcnt; — In this Cafe, which was the Cafe 
with our LORD, I fee not the leaft Repugnancy 
to the Rules of Juftice. 

The Bible, that authentic Tranfcript of the 
Counfels of Heaven, avows ; and, by avowing, 
vindicates the Praftice. The LORD hath laid on 
Him the Iniquity tf Us all * : when all We like 


. * I/aL liil, 6. 13 y^ilDH ma^fe io meet^ or /all i^tm^ i» 
^n hoililey vindidive Manner; with a Defign to take 
Vengeance, ot infli^ Death; as an armed Man fklb 
upon his Enemy, or the fierce Lion on the helpleis Lamb. 
•This is by far the moft ufual Bignification of the Phrafe. 
. I could mot obferve, without Surprife and Sorrow, the 
late Attempt of a learned Writer* to interpret away the 
JForce and Spirit of this Text. He, fay«, * * the Word Wc 
•^* translate hath latd^ is the fame that We xeuAcr meet^ 
** .Exod.xxiii. 4. ^Wtaimeet ihinsEnenfsQxorAfsgQ' 
*' ing ajlra^^ thou malt furelj bring them back h HintAgaiiu 
*' And the Meaning isv B/ Him the LORD hzth £ay/ed 
** to meet and J?^. the Iniquities of IJi alU wherein We 
••' have wandered from Hun.** 

. To this I might objeA; That, though the Ferb^' in 

^ach Pafi'age, is the iame, tht Co^rf^ion is by no means 

laralleL The Prefix :a occurs in one Cafe, is omiue^ 

... K 3 - in 

Shbcp liad gbne bftra^, ^aiiid "H^te '«K9^difa6 Ae 
Stroke of Vengeance, asthiyfe vfitkkeriiig Qoatures 
to the tuvoRous (Beacft ; tbe tgwd fiiI£:P M£ RD 
intorpofed, and the juft GOD mstfle tihttt Ven- 
geance to fall upon Hifh^ whhdi nuft Y>tfalen¥Ue 
hanrt b«Bri escectnted luptm Us^^'^^sjif^ pff»^^ ^^^ 
amotfacr inffdred Wiriter, 4*^ ^^ fir th liAjuft ♦ ; 

iirl!Iit t)tlrer.— I might ferthcr enquirfe? Whfethef the 
Ltfn^uage dF this I:&terprersition» be ^ortfaranaAxleto ^re 
Lnws or Grammar ; and Aich «s f^^Giefkitly expMfiIe$jf 
what i fi\ppofe is intended, " The LORD caufed our 
** Inlqtiities to be met, and to be (lopped.** — But thefe 
Partitiflart i "wave, and ftiril oiily cxaftiitc, wtaher 
fh^ ^j^e b ^ft«ble to S^pture. J^ct^ing to 'diiar 
Gentleman's Idea^ the Prophet'* D^^ime is its 4bUows^ 
" Ow Sins were r«Bniiiff away., like a ftray ^he^ or 
" likeawtfnderii\gOx. But t'hey were mtft*by ^'^^^^^ 
" V^o grftcioufly tamed them bctok, and i«tto»«A n^ai 
*• tb their rightfdO^i^ner,^ — T«o«avokl tktft giwngJkfe- 
propriety, our Author l)«s added a kind 0/ Salvo * " ^ 
** turn Us back toKimfelf, wTio i^ the Siepheri otSoxiis.^ 
Bnt this is to depart from the Prophet's Subjeft ; who i$ 
Ipeaking.not of C//, but of our Iniquities* This is to de- 
part from the Tenotrr 0^ his mxm Expfication : tf 4Je Sdr 
heres to the O^ue, "^/hich He %«r rows from the B»oo4c ^^ 
8x«rf/«y, what I have repfefented, is the »naY<]A3^lt 

Seel to What twctched ^Htt,^ ■dahotiowa'ble ^toahe 
Wordof<5G©, andeventothfe Art-ofCtitic^fm, tbe^ 
tnaft have recomfe ! Who reftife *e acktiow^dge, 'tlife 
red Svhflitution of CHU /5 f in ©tor SHeiad, fend ^hfe frt^ 
fer Atonement ttt%6t %y^ls t)c!at!i^-^-Ht3^VimH:h more Hkfe 
a true Crittc, ^nd iifce a trtfe amftiin," has Vitrrnga ex- 
plained Ac Paflagci €um AVj ifjjtar Oifhm ^ifier/arim 
'sJfztKtis- in 'ErroriintSi W Ptena Crimi^um wfifvrvm^ 'tnft^r 
Lupi nut Beftixmormis Iffis'ftrfeijyterttur niE^itiim : mer- 
^jenlt fsrvus JEHQV^ jujhis, qui illc^ PiBtmm m fi fuf- 
tepif ; i>i quern irfuit ad Nectmujqm; qtftque tiifed medius in- 
ter Pirnami^. ''N»fp- rakdm fetmm n^fe, fi^J^fer iA E^kh 
y^indititvfh "-' ' * '. 

• I Pet. ^. 18. 


nk Ah 6 <§ u t 4ti isi 

<?GD— now, to His gracidtii ^tts^rbtii--^\iix 
to His blifsful iPrcfcnce* 

Vou \Viil pernrit me to a33 ii raflage, frbm our 
common t^avottVitfe Mitt$n> Be^ufe, it is no lcf$ 
bcaiitlltol ft \'«m Adh it ft tJcftlhfcAt fc ftfe Occa- 
Con ; mSftffc«fe t^JfeCrkfc, ^M Mcf fekpttttittt the 

Man, thus addrcffes his Almighty FATHER^ 

Atonemehi for Mimjelj^ or Offering mih 
{^Indebted, and undone !) iaik none uirin^* 
Behold i^eiben! Me for Him} l^ift for Lift 
i^ff». ^QnW^iet thine Akger fidU 
Account tfie AfOi : i for hi$ ^^€ wiS kavk 
f'feely 'pid df\ d^ fir Ittni Uftly dii 
tVeti'^e(SL^d\ on kieht Dtath iujreaiaUhis Rag 

V *» 

l/ber* The fine Imagination of a Poet, wili hardly 
|»afs for atleciiive Aigiiment. WJ^ "VVe. are feaxcl?- 
Jng after Truth^ We muft attend to the t>i^ates of 
ReafojEt, not fpUoif the Vagaxies pf Fancy. An4 
Reafbn, Afi^jiH femqafl3;ates ag^^nft vour Notion 
of a vicarious i^cr^noeu ^^e^^fpn: ^hat primary 
^uide, and final Teftj toth in difcoyering and de- 
termiriing the Sctoflb ^f Scripture. 

Afp. S^ppo^e You then,, my dear The'rony that 

None are in Polfeffion of Reafon, but the Pupils of 

Sstlmsj and the Zealots for Deifm? Or, thatKoiie 

K 4... . , mak^ 

i$$ pi AL Q GUE IVf 

make ttfe of Reafon, in their xeU^ious Enquiries 
but Men of thU Mould ? 

Wron^ not tbf Cbriftian^ tbini not Riofim yours ; 
%; Reafon (^ur great MASTER holds fo dear^ 
'Tis Rcjifon'i injured Rights his Wrath rtfiMs \ 
^Tis Reafon V Voia^bi/d his Glma cmm* 
Through Reafon V Wounds alone thy faithMfn dig K 

Poets, You fee, are far from difobiming Rcjifon. 
Equally far is Chrifti;>nitjr from cjifcarding the fober^ 
the JanStififi Ufe of this noble F^Cul^. When 
Reafon is under the Influence apd pire^ion of the 
Pivine SPIRIT, Wc have the fame high Opinion 
of her Excellence, as Yourfelf. And, when thus 
regulated. We have, I am perfuaded, the San£l:ion 
pf her Authority, for all our Sentiments, 

Reafon, 2» She opcr(it;ed in tl|e Sages pf the Hea- 
then World, inftead of reje£ling, approved ?md 
s^opted this very Scheme^ Approved it, even un-t 
der the Difadvantage of a mutilated and defeSlve, 
of rather of a p^nrertcd and dead Form. The cur- 
rent Language of the Claffic A^thora, and almoft 
p/ery HiAorian of Greeu and Korne^ are Voucheri 
for the T vth of this Obferyation t»»^As the Genr 
files were unanimous in the Ciiftc^m of offering Sa^ 
crifices, an4 equally unanimous in fuppofipg their 
vicarious Nature, fo alfo are thp yewijh Writers. 

Ther. What Man of Scnfe, pays any Regard to 
the Jewijk Writers ? Legendary they are, and ex- 
travagant to the lafl: Degree, Potards I might call 
them, rather than Writers. 

• Night-Thoughts, N« IV. 
t Sfi the mh 99 Dialogue IlJr /. S4, 85, ' 




pi AhOQME jV; 137 

v^^^Thcy are», I believe^ extravagant enough in. 
their Comments upon Scripture. But they relate^ 
with fufficient Exaftnefs and Fidelity, the prevailing 
Belief of their Nation. In this Cafe, their Tefti- 
pony is as unexceptionable ; as in the other, their 
Notions are chimerical. — ^Now, had it been a mif- 
taken Belief, furely our bleffed LORD, that i«- 
fallihU Judge, and impartial Reproveir, would have 
teftided his Difapprobation of it. .Surely bis Dif* 
ciples, who were actuated by the ururring and «»- 
daunted Spirit of their MASTER, would have 
entered their Proteft againft it» Surely St. Patd^ in. 
his Epiftle to that very People, and in his Treatife 
on that very Subjed, would have fet Himfclf to 
reiSlify fuch an Error.; and have weeded out the 
.. Tares, before He fowed the good Seed. But there 

( is not the leaft Hint of this Kind, in all the Dif- 

courfes of our S AV I O U R, or in all the Writ- 
ings, of bis Apoftlest 
1 They fpeak to a People, who were accuftomed to 

look upon their Sacrifices, as piacular Oblations \ 
^nd a typicai Expiation of Guilt. They fpeak of 
our REDEEMER'S Crucifixion, aiid the Bene- 
fits of his Death, in thofe facrificial Terms, which 
were of current Ufe, and ejiahlijhed Signification. 
If therefore the popular Opinion was improper, 
their Manner 'of Expre^n and Addrefs, miift'bc 
calquUted rather to' authenticate Error, than topro^ 
palate Tfuth.-r-So that, I think, even the Silence 
of the infpired Penman on this Occafion, is but 
little inferior to a lou4 Atteftation. Did they only 
\ fay 

. • This, I qtre promise the leamfd Reader, "He will 

• find inconteftably proved* by Ontram^ in his Trcatift Di 

Sacrtfdis^ . - -. . . . 






k§S Dl A LO (S^U E 1^. 

fey -ftfethThfe agaht^ the Ddiftritte df Saiistijaft^ i)y 
Satrifite; ft W6uld, iii i^ft, iina Cihcutnftaftcft^ 
c«tfi«tte4, -bfc' faying AlMjWiahtfe^ it.— fern they 
art i^a-y ct^ioti^ ^ftd tttplrcit tlt>6rtt Ae Point. 

firt* a fl«aj) tJf lirtif All^gatteite, it Will be H^fy t6 
phSctrtrt: fc^^, ^afttd 'givfe Us ^i S^etlftiCh. 

:^p: !t te w tufts t3^^>*, » It i^ iJei%htful.— 

MES^iiS Jhall h iut »^, fays tte ]PlT>phffet />»- 
iihfy fert fcW^ IBf7jh^^.^Vx>t whbm thicn, A^4 
ftrt-WtiUtf T^AiiTfdfftTsUsttttteWiiJigJ^bth: 1^ 
^ tmfr(grtffi(tn nfyny f^eipk-Mts ftejffick^ t-— Bfe- 
^CMih^ this i« iih Attirife ^ th% Irfllirnpbftahces itfc 
ttfpftSrttJfl^, it i^f cbUfinfife!* ^ iti^cjcjrfidnied, ^h thfc 
iMJftmntf^AfcPMtictjbtity^ Ht 4(^s wtftinJkH fif 

fh Ctfft/ifftfnM rf ^f PMr^ ^i Vpdfi tSih J, A;*^ 

himfelf aiTerts the fame Truth ih Ihfe Vtry feihftfe 
Styte ; I^Mibt ^Hl Sin^hetA, thi % i&ttiA )iRy liri/e 
for fh 5*tt# f. . 9;t. Pntd^ ift a Multitude jtrf ihif- 
fiig^, fcti hts^ Seal Mb AiS YAdmtntotis 'Doarihe.-fc** 
S%» ^^m xkHi^XiiS^ it) in v^ «m:tfa}^ ^V^rd^ • 

• Dan. ix, a6. t Ifai. liii. 8» 

^. \ XhiChi^ifcm/mt »/ tf«r ;^^^, the PwiwftHWpt ncctfr 
farytomakf our t^eace. with GOD, ivas nfon Him^ y^jf* 
TrtiiS FoTm bf Expfeftoft h ufeid, j^^^'. 5^i>c. '26. P/af. 
fvi. ^5- IH tK6 forfh^ Pkce^ il fi|mfi«3 A ^^oii^titr^ 
Engagement^ to peff6tm a friendiy Office. In tlife l^t^ 
t6t, it ioipUes the Nete^v of performing, what is thas 
liadertafeen. ^oth the Ideas fccm to fee coipprehendea 
In the prefent PafTage. .Our LORD willingly engaged 
to fupply our Wants, and pay our Dchts. Whiph^ 
When ends vrndattaieri, Ht lay iind^r dft Obligation tp 

\\ Ifai. liii. j. § John x. 15. 

D I AiniCrKPUlHf iVTt f^ 

lfo9^'** -• '''''■'' ' ' 't 

The £dre& Wrtea^ not .&vil^iaAvt:itl& «:apitair 

Artttcle^ /btitixfetettfyiDtf^ej^ «f S^>6»:IH ill wdkm 

to tgv^ it ito Iblfeft StiM«)Me) »id the -flrangeft 

hm^M^^ ^mikeA Xh frbd M- Sim in Us -owi 
Bb&M f . fk nm i^fe Sin far'U^^ ^fhcu^h tie kMw 
mlShi%. '■ • ' 

Te3a:«. Btft Ae Sehfe, ^tte irA ^tnfebT fcifS 
Pbmfea, is Ate Thiti^g ki tj[^lR6ft; ■ •' ; 

Jff. Wftift' Y^u'tfill 'the Qirtftfeny ^ ttJte ap^cfafii^ 
fo plain, as not to want a Decifion, or adnrft bf i 

&mn»^^^ tfitiee "V^U 'fefl^ ^ d^f^t^ a vr/i#^ 
&r}rA%, AA^MltK^ b%^DUght^^!(h¥ilti(^^ Wttsmki 
anQbfer^iatitia «r two^(aKn chce oaaigln&l •L^guaiges^ 
^ <ti*h^^ sfs Ytttt «rc i*ot Acquainted hfrifli tfce.£&* 
^r^Wj . Apon that Language, of which You yourfelf 
are a Judge and a Mafter, 

dffQ»eidkdfor^i^>timuanM daad. ^ TbePfe- 

poS&cm uvi^, in Sih Coti'ne'ariori„ smoft nice^ril^' 

|][gni^.mQre jiiaa, *'* ^n c^r Accmint, ffibr our 

' . . ^ . , . ■ • '.^ dAdv<ah» 

t i i»^/. it'-2^/ Very totchjlfe ^^rd^ift^dfeti--^CV-^ 
W>1^^« T« ^fi?ptafc iwlj^ — '-tie -litre — iHiVitAf'lare our Sins — 
in 'hfjs bwn i?r^y. intended, On^ Would imagine, to 
makfe thfe .Article of Dnr L O'R D's Vicanous Sufferii>g5^ 
rfer' beyond lall Mi'iapprehenSfion, atid 7«'y bfeyond aU 
Doubt. ' . . . • 

t Heb. 11. 17. t I Jo'kn-ii. 2. || Rev. 1. 5. 

^ 2 Cor. V. 21. 

^ DIAlLOGUrE^ Hl^ 

<« AdirisLntage." Becaufc, if it ht Ukbn in thUs uh^' 
fettled rambling Senfe, the Apoftle's Argument is. 
vague and incQndufiye.-^In cafe our LORD had 
fufferedy only ^ to free U« from fdme Evil, and. 
^ procure. Us {dgn^ Benefit;" this, would' by no 
meang imply-) that all win 4i^d\ under the Sen* 
tence cif Condemiiatipn ( obnoxious and doomed 
t^ Pe^A ♦• The utmoft. You q« iiferf rom fuch_ 
Premffts, is 3 That All ftood in Need of .a Deliver-^ 
ance from feme Evil, or waAted ^^ PiVDCurement 
of fome Good. Whereas, fuppofe the facred Wri- 
ter to ii^tend^ that our LORD's Death was truly 
yic^Iqus, and undergone in our Stead; that He 
fuffercd, what was our Due, and mr Doom ; thea, 
fke Reatbn^g' is juft, and the Inferences unde- 
niable. ; , ■ . 

He g€he.HimfiIfy ailtXvlpQv vwfp f, J Hanjhm /or 
^L If this does neat imply tbfe Notidn pf vkarims:, 
Iveryttlttch qucftion, whetherLatig»age:itfelf can^ I 

exprefe it,j— AvI|o>,.^ is a Roitfom ; which conveys a | 

. vicari<Hi$iSenfe, in^. its moft common and aifthorited 1 

.■;•-''•'. . " j'i '- . Accept- 

'■'•■' 4 

- • zCor. V. 14.. Should any dioofe to tranflate -the 

Words, £1 . ft? xfv§^ w»fi»i9 «TsO«riv, <3Ef« 01 wa^it aevtOaw , ^ 
One Med' for Ally f Ben All ha^ve died ^y I tare no Objec- 
tion to make; Here die Idea of vicarious Saffijriiig, or 
vicarious Payment, prefente itfelf with great Tranfpa- 
rency^ As though the Apoftle had faid.; ** If One 
'* hatjirfuffered,. oiirbeen puniflied for^All; thcji All, 
** in Effefl, have fuffered, or Deeiij>uni|hed. Or, to 
*** take in the Notion o^ Debt, If One hath made fulj 
'** Payment for twenty infolvent Debtors,* then all the 
;*' twenty have, according to the acknowledged Rulea. 
^* of Law and Equity, made the full Payment.'*. . • 

t *» Tifti^ it. 6> .-' .r ■ . ' 



13^1 A I4OGUK IV; t4T 

Acceptation .i — Ailh which is Jeqiiivatent 'to in/lead ^^ 
more fully afcertains and ftrengtbens the Idea^-^-i 
Tvf^, which is tranflated for^ and denotes a Sub^ 
ftitution of One in the Place of another f. Thii 


. * aA, Mattv ii. zzi. By this Wprd,,the Stptmpni 
tranilate the Hehre-M nnD. And that jhnil dei^otes the 
S'uhftittttion of One inilead of Another, no ^tideiit of tlie 
facred Language wifl venture to deny. See 6en>. xxii. 
13. 2 5ivsv. XTiii. 33. 2 Kings X4 2J^. . . 

f A£op0a v«ri^ X^r»9 We Be/eeck Tcu ivL,CHRiS.7\ 
Stead, i Cor. y. 20.-^I»« v^^spcv^MtiM^n.^oij Thatxxii^^ 
Stead He might have mhtiftered unto nuy PHilerii, '«^irr. t j. 
As I was coniid^in^ the force of this Ai^omentyr a ^cr- 
fon of foxne Dlitindion, bui of a inaligftaitt glqpmy Al* 
pe£l, came in^my Way.' He deilred> I would intrpdocis 
Him to Therofi and Afpafto^ as an Evidence for fixing th^ 
Signification of t;^!^, when relative to -the Death of 
CHRIsr.T-l mjift confefs, I did not like dither his 
CharaAer or. his. Afpet^t s vaad cannot certainly teO^ 
whethei: any Per/on has ojade nfe of HixOit on this Occa« 
fion. But St. 7<>i»« rtood by, and faid; " Introdue^ 
•* Him. He prophefics iti thi» Iit^smce***— Perhaps^ 
, the Reader is, at a lofr to .gu^fs, IFieml mean.; .Ta 
keep Him no longer in ^ufpenfe,' I mean Gmafius the 
High-Prieft. — He bears the following .Teftimony; It im 


People, and that the wboib Na-tiok i^aistr 
NOT.— Now, 'as /^ /^rj^ iignifies^ n<>t only to.die, b^: 
to die mifcrably ; if One Nian dies for tie People,, that 
the People may hot die miferably. He ftves Iheih from' 
Death, by dying Himfelf; and what is Chis^^butto die* 
in their Steaii /* Sc^ "Jffhn xi. ^6m * .. ■'■''. ^ '.- : 
To this Teftimony from tne Mouth oftnEtantft let 
me add an Attcilation under the Hand of ova FrienJf^ 
and then leave the impartial Reader td determine, con- 
oef ning the Validity of all. Thus writes Chmens Romanut i 
To euytM avk a^^xiv xmt^ tytup Iti^tf; Xptf^ f Kvftf^ ^f*«^f» tC fip 

Epid:. I . ad Corinth.-^^Exai^ly to the famefPiirpole Ji^iim* 
the Martyr ex|>reires Himfelf; K^tw ^vn mt a^i^'Iu*^ 

ut D I A 1, a & u e IT. 

aoidl fmph^ti^li: a9 posffiblc; Emphatical to declaps 

ttaf^ vi«ailQtirNatU£c q( QUr LOR D V Deaths ThtiCT 

ifc vns really en4i»rf4 in PUr Sieii4 1 s^>(I'^fl^ Wite 

|l9ti$£a£lion for our Sins ; thus ranfomed Us from 

Death eternal. 

• SKattI amuc A-oai a n^ore obvious Topi'c ; wjiic^ 

%d9 aoCichS'egeudeaccj^^w tKopjcecifaSignificaaqj 

%Ji thft Qliginal?-^&rA^> fajrs the Prophet. Hd 

fpeaks with Vehemenee^ as^ of aft AiFair whkrh is 

♦ciy weJfebtjr; Hfe fpeaks with Conffdejicc, ^s/of 

flt FaSi^ wAUb is very certain*, ifc A<3tfA ^cmf «i^ 

Gtf^,^ oniAs^Mf 4flr&fvr0t9^^^ Wlvai can tk& 

ribeoitv* *^^ -5*^ *«th t*en tipon HRtnftff that Af* 

iJiftioti, ^ft(t /*£/J IMRfericis, whicK properly belonged 

%Q U*f*t-W **^ jr€»4 Qn» 9«kI this M^ania^ wiii 

fvefcftt kfelf). ilir the ckadPtfl View^ ff^ did tft^m -{ 

Hfk firif^eni ftitun af Q OD^ anif iMmd: Wi 

feok«w»foi:'arealAElefaftoi», an<^ 3>ougit tjxa$ 

|{t y^ffdfik, puniftusd^ jft>t ids mvm; Mifeo^dud.— rln ep* 

jpofition to itrUchvinjsricms and falfe- Snrmifr-, ie is 

added; Bttt Wt whs wounded for our Tr-im/gr^Jj^ns^ ): 

Si i^s iruipd fof our IniquiiUs* True it i^, tfra^ ^v 

He) WPM wownded, . not eniy b^ Tran^refTois^ but 

yjr'o^im'^te^rtintof Trafifgreffi(!ui9^. Vet not an/ ' 

ccrtwAltte^ by .Hi»feTf^ committed by Us*. ^ 

-f-^y 1 not hcfc^ bo^r©^ the Pyo^heti^s I^ujgwgfl^ 

and fay with an Air of Certainty ? Surefy^ this i* 

itkt jplak^ff Proof In the-Worfd^. thsit our Sfns wtre 

Ae ittelritorioue Caufe of CHRI^T^ Suf&ripgs^ 

;^ . •. . . • Alttd. 

♦,r I * Ifai. hii. 4* 

Sw>fewaft» ^^oep, tMy- ow* \^ «iiwfiM. >««» i|i«bs 

tba< y»iy,$.<nS(f|fqe, "«)irhjqt|b,.fjM»')i'9W 4««<>H»(94«^ 
noxious. It is written again, CtagliuL,if. ts^ Qm} 

*4<rt Ac««ii^ m *©«t*'J^jf «<h«l«'4?^/«r 6*- 
C;wjfeuwhi«»iL;Wfe4«iferwi;.^f, ^^^4^|^t%| 


c;4iMLV}r%iat Name. 


•» ProinthiiftiIi'patertr'f»ceidlltit)txtrtt ' " 

144 D I A ii d G U E IV. 

Shall i dcfccnd loWer ftillj and refer our Point to 
the Determination of illkerate .Men ?— Alk any of 
your ferious Tenants, What Ideas arife ill their- 
Minds^ upon the Perufal of the aforementioned 
fpexts ? — I dare venture to forctel# that, artlefs and 
unimptx)vcd as their tTnderftanding^ are, they will 
not hefitatc for an Anfwer* . They will hetthw com- • 
plain of Obfcurity, nor a(k the Afliftancc df Learn- 
ing. But will immediately difcern, in all thefe Paf- 
fages, a gracious REDEEMER fuffering in their 
Stead ; and, by his bitter, but expiatory Paflion, 
procuring the Pardon of their Sins.-*-Nay firth^r^ 
a$ they am not accuftomed to the Fihefles of Criti- 
cifm, I apprehend, they will be at a lofs to con*' 
ceive, hbw it is poffible to underftand fUch Paffftges • 
iti any other ^tntCi 

' Say not, this is an improper Appeal ; or thcfe are^ 
incompetent Judges. The Scriptures were writt^en ^ 
for ^A«V Edification ; iiot to ^xercife the Ingenuity^ 
of fubtle Difputants, but to inftruft the meandl of: 
Mftnkiniin the Way of Salvation. Therefore, o»^ 

. : . - : ^ .fundi- 

Here, the Father isyiWby his Son's JVoundsi tiw l?y 
his Son's Death. How, and in what Mantitr J^By a 
Subftitadon of Otie ihftead of the Other j by the Son's. 
/umrifiz. what muft otherwtife \iz,v^ fallen upon the Pa- 
ti^r.^Shouid the 5<?dr;//»« Interpreters try the fame Ex-^ 
oerimentVn thefcLtncs bf fJr^A which they ma^eunon^ 
Paffages of a parallel Signification in Scripture^ is there 
a Criac in the whole^^orld,. that could approve, that coM 
ehdure, fnch flagrant Violations t)f Grammar^ Senfc, and ; 
Tafte ?— yet I believe, there is no fincere Ghriftian, but* 
wo«ld readily ^fd gratefully fay ;, . 

, - Pro me ukrid fiuadere Dextra 
Dignafti. tua CHRISrE DEXJS^ per tdncta fei'vk ; 
4iiori€ tud vi'vens. 

D^I A L O G.U E IV. 145 

fundamental Articles, We may afTuredly conclude. 
The Expreffion will be eafy, and the DoiSrine per* 
fpicuous : fo that He who runs may fead^ and the way^* 
faring Men^ though Fools *, Jhall not err therein.'^ 
And, though I am far from under-valuing the Aids 
of Literature, yet, upon thefe momentous SubjeSs, 
which are infeparably conncfted with our eternal 
Felicity, I -cannot but regard the common Senfe of 
plain, honeft, humble Chriftians, as the very beft 
of Critics. 

. Ther. It has been faid by a learned Critic, That 
vicarious Punilhment or Suffering^ gives us too low 
Ideas bi th^ S O N"of G O D, as it finks them to 
the Pain and Suffcrihg of a Malefa£tor, the very 
meanefl: Idea We can have of them. 

AJp. Be the Idea ever fo mean, it is plainly fug- 
gefted by the Word of Prophecy ; and fully fup- 
ported, by -the Atteftation of facrcd Hiftofy. In 
that it was foretold, and in this it is recorded. That 
He was numbered with Tranfgrejfors f. — And not 
only by his Accufers, who called him a Glutton^ 
A Drunkard, a Sed\lcer of the People* Not only 
by his Executioners, who led him forth to die 
with Malefiiftors, and crucified Him between two 
Thieves. But by his Almighty "FATHER alfo. 
By Him CHRIST was made Sin %: by Him th» 

Vol. I. , L only 

• I/ai. XXXV. 8. The Word Foohy fcems to denote 
Perfonsof /<7w Underftandlngy: and duIL Apprehenfion i 
35 Luke xxiv. 25. Or clfe it figtiifies Thote, who, for 
want of a cultivated Education and the Improvements of 
Literature, are accounted Fods by the Sons of Science ; 
as 1 Cor. i. 27.. ' - 

t Ifai. Hii. 12. Luke xxii. 37. j 2 Cor. v. 2t, 

146 E>:I A L O G UE IV. 

only begotten SON was treated as a Tran%reflbr> 
by its Hand and bis Counfel * delivered He was» 
to endure the Vengeance due to the vilcft Mii^ 

Yes, my dear Tberon^ that glorious PERSON, 
whom the hig|heft Angel adores, << fuiFered, as if Ho 
<< bad been the Criminal, the Pain and Piuuihrnent^ 
** which. Wc, or equivalent to that which We, the 
^ real Criminals,, ihould have fufFertd*"-*-If, to 
aonfider this, gives Us a low Idea ; if, to fuiFec 
thi^^^as a deep Abafement ; how exceediipgly it^h^ 
and how immenfely grand, is the GfOodMfs and tho 
Grace maoiiefted therein ! The lower You draw 
the Arrow qn the String, the loftier FUghtit make^ 
in the Sky. And the greater our LOR D's Hu- 
miliation fpx Us, the morcwonderful and adorable 
his Love to Us.. 

Tho". As there cannot be a vicarious Guilt, or a» 
no One can be guilty in the Stead of Another, fo 
there cannot be a vicarious Puniihment, or no Ojoe 
can be punifhed iciftead of Another.. Becaufe Pu- 
nifhmenti in its very.Nature^ connotes Guilt inth« 
Perfon who bears iu 

Jfp. If You mean by Guilt, the Confcioufnefe 
of having committed a Sin, and the internal Defile^ 
ment conlequent upon, it, We never fuppofeyififr a 
vicarious Guilt. It is not fo much as intimated, 
that CHRIST vf2s ftung with the Remorfe, or 
ftained with the Polkition> ofjthe ^duJterousZX^wV, 
the perfiltoufi Pgter^ and the perfecuting Saul But 
that He was treated by the righteous GOD, as if 
He had perpetrated thrfe^ and all the Crimes of all 
Believers, either in the paft or fucceeding., 

• AftS IV. 28r 


tf by Outit You fnean (whit, I thinkj is tfa^ 
true M<saning of Ae Word) The' Charge of a cri- 
minal A4Si:iony and The Obligation to {ufkt Penalty^ 
your Aflertion is Holding more thaii begging the 
Qiief]fion» It nakedly affirms t£e very Thing in 
Debate. And bare Affirmationty unfirpported by 
Kvidenbe, are feUbm admitted as deciftVe Proofs.'-^ 
We, on the dther Hand, are inclined to believe^ 
Thatsdl oure^imind A6liotiii «^e^ eharged upoil 
C Hit IS 7 ; Mi thaf He iuffi»«d the Punifliment^ 
which they defe#ved. The former of thcfe, is not 
lb properly <*aUed vicarious, a& rHii Ouilfi reAiltIng 
fmm Siiis, committed t>y' One,* imputed to Ano- 
ther. The fatter We i^adily allow to be vicarious 
Furtifimehu ((klk^iwA in their Stead, whofe Sins 
were imputed^— For both thefe Points, We havt 
the Authority of Truth itfelf, l|)^king in the 
Scriptures. 7%e LORD laid on Nim iho /nifHi^fA 
fflTsalhy here is the Imputation. CHRIST hat 
Ttdetmed Us frm l*r C%itfi of ihi Law^ being made a 
Curfe for Us ; here is the vicarious Punifimient. 
And You know, to what Cafuifts^ We fubmit the 
Interpretation of thefe Texts^— common $enfe, and 
an honeft Heart. 

Ther. Is not this Jhoding to fiippo(b f horrid to 
affirm ? If Sin was really imputed to CHRIST^ 
and Guilt is the Refult of fuch Imputation, theil 
Fumlhment was his Due — ^Juftice might infift upoil 
it— *And He could not efcape it. 

Afp. To fuppofe this, is fo far from (hocking mf 
Apprehcnfion, that it appears, even on your own 
Principles, right and neceffiiry.— jR/j*/, bccauft 
Punifhment, as You yourfelf have declared, alwayj 
<:onnotes Guilt j I would add, ariilng either from 
L 2 Crimes 


Crimes dommittetly. or from Crimes imputed. In- 
deed^ the Sufferings of CHRIST could not be o( 
^ penal "Noturc^ \xult{s He endured them as under 
j» .Charge of &in, and in aSl:ate of Guilt. — It is 
ntcejjhry to fuppofr this, otherwife how will You 
yindicate the Juftice.of GOD ? He bid his Sword 
awake, and fm^ite ^ the bleffed JESUS. But fliall 
the. JUDGE of all the Earth do wrong ? Shall 
He fniite, whese there is nothing but Innocence ? 
No Sin, either perfonat or imputed j That be far 
fe^jn Him ! The Thought be far from Us ! 

: Whereaa, upon this Suppofition, it becomes a 
fuji ^nd righteous Thing, That GOD fliould in* 
fli<a the moft rigorous I^unifhment; or,, a? the A^ 
•poitleTpeaks, fhoxxld condemn and puaifh Sin in the 
■Fkjh t of his SO N. — I do not know, but this 
might be the Caufe of our LORD's Silence, when 
He was\accufed at Pilate- s gar, and at Herod^s Judg- 
jnfent-f^t. It is probable. He eonfidered Himfelf 
as ftandiiig before a higher Tribunal ; and refponr 
fible to eternal Juftiee, for the Crimes of alJ his 
Peoplpr In this Situation, and in this Capacity, 
^lear Himfelf of perfonal Demerit He could; clear 
Himfelf of imputed Iniquity He could not. There-^ 
fare He wa^ dumb 5 like a convided and guilty Per- 
forin He opened not his Mouth. For though, as 
the:SON of the moft high GOD, Glory and 
Immortality were his undoubted Right ; yet, as 
SURETY for finful Men, Tribulation and 
Death were his condign Portion. 

And: why £hq\ild this be thought fhocking ? It i« 
|iot the'leaft Derogation tOrthe tranfcendent Excel- 
lency -^of CHR/ST. It ,cafl:s not the leaft Stain 
r ' -y . ". y'. ..,;'.:' J. . . ■ ' 99 

' : 'J Zcch. xiii. 7. . ', f Rom. viH. 3,* 

DH A L O G y E IV. 14^ 

on the unrfpotted Sanftity, either of his Nature, or 
his Cife.-^To bear Sin, as a Voluntary Surety, is 
infinitely different from committing it, as an actual 
Tranfgreffor. To fay, that CHRIST w2ls pa^'r 
niOied for any Miiconduft of his own^ would be 
ftlfe, impioHs, and horrid. To fay, that He was 
charged with our finful Omiffions and Commiflions'; 
that He endured the Punifliment due — in the plain 
and fttU Senfe of the Word due — ^to them all 5 is fi) 
far from being injurious to his Dignity, that it pays 

^ the proper Honour to his 'mediatorial Undertaking. 

' "It pays Him the Honour of — the higheft Obedience 
to his FATHER'S Will— the deepcft Humiliation 
•of his own illuftrious Perfon — ^and the moft botmd- 
iefs Benevolence -to Mankind. * 

' Tl)€r. GOD is'Love^ Afpajhy all Love. Whereas 
'Vou would-— 

Jfp. — not often interrupt a Friend's Difcourfe, 
But I cannot forbear interpofing a Qiiery, on this 
OccafK)»i.-T-l3 there, then, no jufl Difpleafure in 
the DEITY? What meaneth that folemn De- 
nunciation of the Supreme L AWG I V £ R ? Tke 
Anger of the L OR D /hall /moke agmnjl fuch a Man *. 
—What meaneth that awful Declaration of tbe 
Apoftle I The Wrath of GOD is revscded from Mea- 
^ wn^ upon all Vngodlinefs andJJnrigbteoufnefs of Men f « 
«*-^Or, in what Senfe are We to explain that alarms 
ing Interrogatory, of the Prophet ? JVho can fland 
lefore his Indignation J?. — Whence coUld thofCi 
avenging Vifitations .proceed, which deftcoyed So-^ 
ilom and Gomorrah with a Tjernpeft of Fire ||f 
. L 3 WhicU 

* Dcut. XXIX. 20. t *^om. i. i«. t''/NahH'.''4 
II Gen. xix. ^4«. ... t : 

fS9 P I A L O Q U E IV. 

Which fwept away fo many Thottfands of the p<J* 
Juted Ifraelius with a raging Peftilencc ♦ ? And 
configned over fo many Millions f of rebellious An^ 
gels to Chains of Darknefs ? 

Surely, Thiron^ if there be any determinate Sig». 
Iiiiication in Language ; if any Leflbn to be learnt 
from the moft tremendous Judgments } it is, Tha( 
the LORD, though free from all the Difcom- 
pofurc of Paffion, is neverthelefs angry with tbf 
flecked X ; and will make impenitent Offenders fe^ 
the Effeds of his holy Indignation. 

Ther. Does not your Dodtrlne repreient the All- 
merciful GOD, as a r/^^tf«x Being ? Who, when 
once difpleafed, will hardly be pacified ? Whereas, 
the LORD himfelf declares by his Prophet j Fury 
is not in me. — Men of fatyrical Wit would be apt to 
infmuatc. That You had miftaken JEHOVAH 
for Moloch ; and was ere£iing a Chriftian Church 
in the Valley of the Son of Minnom, 

JJp. We take our Reprefentations of GOD, 
not from the vain Conjedures of Men, but from 


• Numb. XXV. 9^ 
t Millions — The Number of the fallen Angels is no 
where fpeciiied ; and the Veil fits deep upon the fpiritual 
World ; fo that We can fee no farther, than Revelation 
has difcovered. Yet, I think, there is fufficient Room 
to ground a Conje£lure, upon the Reply which one of 
thofe execrable Apoftates made to our LORD. My 
Name is Legion ; (a Word fignifying a great Multitude, 
five or iijc thoufand) for We are many. U fo many were 
employed in tempting and tormenting 2l Jingle Ferfon, 
•what Armies, what Myriads of thofe invifible Enemies, 
muft exift through univerfal Nature ! — It is an alarming 
Thought; fhould make Us fly to our Divine PRO- 
TECTOR, and Almighty DELIVERER. Sec 
Jfori V. 9. and % Pet. ii. 4. 

J Pfal. vii; II. Deut. ix. S. 

•£) I A L O G U E IV. 151 

the Records of infallible Truth. There he is de- 

j fcribed, as a rigbt^aus G OD ; a jealous G OD * ; 

r and, to incorrigible Siiifien, a cmfuming 'Fire f.— 

' Though wonderfully condefcending, yet tranf- 

cendently ttiajeftic. Infomuoh, that none of the 

fiallen Race are permitted to approach his Throne, 

i hut only through the Intervention of a great M£^ 

J D I AT OR J.— Though unfpeakably merciful, 

I yet inflexibly juft. Infomuch that, without Shed* 

I ding of Blood, even the Blood of a PERSON 

higher than the Heavens, there is no ^emijim \ of 

any Offences. 

When the LrORD fays, Fury is not in me ^^ the 
Words have a peculiar Reference to his Church : 
^which, in a preceding Verfe, He had defcribed a,$ 
Jl Vineyard ef red ff^tne. From his Church, from 
his own Peo^ple, his fierce Anger is turned away, 
bn Ac(5ount of the Satisfaf^ion made by their SA- 
VIOUR.— Though his own People are the Ob- 
I je&s, not of his Indignation, but of hi& Love, let 

no ungodly Wretches audacioufl^ ^6fume. It Js 
fK>t fo with them. They are the Briars and Tkernf V, 
mentioned in the next Claufe : Gumberers of the 
Ground, unprofitable and noxiou$. Them He 
.•warns ; them He challenges j IVho will fit them in 
Battle againft me? Let them come on ; they fhall 
I iind it a fearful Thing, to fall into the Hands of 

L 4 the 

• Exod. XX. 5. t Hcb. xii. 39. X John xiv. 6. 
\ Heb. ix. 22* Heb. vii. 26. % Ifai. xxvii. 4. 

% There is a iine Contraft between th^ Vines and 
^ Therns % at the fame Time a regular Continuatioh of 
the Metaphori As nothiAi2;< is moi«c common, than to 
fee the latter flio6tiifg up amldft the fornitr ; fo nothing 
is more common, than >to have Hypooritee inteimingte 
» . tliemfelves with Believers. 

iSf P I A L O G U E m 

the living GOD.-r-Nay ; He will not ft'ay for tbeif 
Approach: I will march againji them *y is his Threat- 
ening; J will pafs through them \ I will, burn them 
together. — This will certainly be the Cafe, if not in 
the prefent, yet in a future World. When.osnce 
the Matter of the Houfe is rifen up, and has fllujt 
to the Door, Mercy Js gone for ever. Then No- 
thing muft be cxpp<aed, nothing. will then be ex- 
perienced, but Vengeance and fiery Indignation, t9 
devour the Jdverfaries of the Go/pel. GOD will 
then execute Judgments j on every SouJ of Man, that 
has periifted in Evil. With fuch 4wful Severity 
will He execute tlie^n, a$ (hall cg^Ufe Heaven to 
adore, andi Hell to tremble.. ^ 

Yet in all this, there i$ liot the leail:Tin<3iure of 
that outrageous Temper, which in Man We properly 
call Fury. In Man Fury implies pi inimo^^rate 
Degree of Refentment, which will heaikcn to no 
Reafoning, and acpc^e to no Terms. . The Gofpel 
Account proves, even to a Pemdnflxatjoin, that this 
has no Place in th"e divine Nature.; So far fromit, 
that GOD, -tkough highly provqked, hvc& provided 
an Atonement — has made Overtures of Reconcilia-^ 
ticn to his difobedient Creatures — ^has even befotight f 

+ 2 Cof^, v. 20. It was an Inftance of fingular Cora- 
paffion in thc'bldftd 'G OD, that, though offended with 
yobh Friends, He admitted of a Sacrifice, and direfted 
them to an Interceflbr ; both typical of CHRIST 
.JESUS. But what impfttalleled Condefceafioh; ^nd 
divinely tender Mercies, . are. mplayed ut this. Vcrfel 
Jj though GOD did br/ofcJb ypu by Us: We pray Ttm in 
CHRIST'S Steads be ye reconciled /# G 0Z>.— Did the 
Judge ever bejeech a cQiidetnoed Criminal* to accept oi 
Pardon? .Does the freditor. at ^oy Time, be/eech a 
j-uined Debtor,, to r^^i^e aa Acquittance in /uU ? Y^t 

VI A L O G U E IV: ^5j 

^ guilty World i to accept of Forgivenefs. This 
is the Purport of that gracious Invitatibn, which 
follows in the Prophet. Let Him, let the wicked 
Man, tah hold of my. Strength: let Him fly to my 
crucified SON, who is the Power of G O D for 
4he Salvation of Sinners s cleaving" to his Merits by 
Faith, ?s fome poor Delin^quent to the Horns of 
the Altar *. Thu^ He Jhall make Peflde \ all his 
Iniquities fhall be forgiven, and all my Difpleafure 
fhalJt be pacifijed. — So that the Infinuations of your 
fatyrkal Gentlemen, are as egregioufly miftakcn, 
as they are fhockingly worded. 

You are a Man of Senfe, ^er^n ;i. wd efteem that 
^CfiaraAcr, far above ^jj^e 'i|dle Aeputatipn xA a Wii* 
yVs fu^, iet mc afk Yoii ferioufly j^Is '^ hot for tl^ 
Honour of the Divine^ M A JE S T Y, to cxercifc 
Jufticc, as well as Mercy ? Ai.ways to pardon, and 
never to puniih, would bw,7im^«{/}, rather than 
Benignity J a Renyncia^iqay of {iolij^cis, rather 
than a Difplay of Goo4npfs.--rOr, ^^rrt it. b^ right 
ij(i Us, fo c^ctravagaRtlyjtp:; magnify the amiable, 
s^ to 4epreciate, i^ay. even' jfti>nihilate>' - the awful 
Attributes of the D E.I TT Y f-r-Tbis, fays a Poet, 
is the Theology, not of Chriftians, ^but of In- 
iidels; ' ; .- 

Who fet at odds Heaven^ ^^ jarring Aitiihuteiy^ ^ -^ 
.' , ^ 4nd with one Excellence another wound \ 


Our Almighty LORD, and our Eternal JUDGE, 
J^oti only vouchfafes to offer thcfe Bleffings, bat invites 
•Us — intreatfi Us — with the woft afFc^ionate Importunity 
Jb^fipechea. Us*— <iiot .to r^e£k them ! 
, * TAis. is the pi:ecite Idea included in the Original 
||MT ;. «nd:die Idea is aa comfortable, *as the Image ig 
cxprcflive* J>&". xxvii# 5. l Kings 1,^0. 

154 D I A L O G U E ly. 

Maim HunmCs Perfe6HBn^ break its equal Beamff 
Bid Mercy triumph over — GOD himfelfy 

IJndeified by their opprobrious Prnife : 

A GOD all Mercy is a GOD utijuji ♦. 

7hir. But We have lately been told, that the 
particular Grace of the LAWGIVER is not 
©bftrudled by any Demands of Law and Juftice. 
For He can fet them afkle. 

Afp. Whati Set afide a Law, which is holy, 
righteous, and good !— Set afide a Juftice, which 
is eternal, inflexible^ and infinite !— St. P/ya/ gives 
a very difFerent Solution of this Difficulty. He 
4?ells Us — not that GOD fet afide his Law and his 
Juftice— but thd^ He fef forth the bleflcd JESUS 
for a Propitiation. With this exprefs Defign, that 
He might declare his Righteoufnefs f ; might demon- 
ftrate, not only his Clemency, but his Juftice; 
4&ven that mndiUive Juftice^ whofe Nature is, to 
abhor, and whofe Office, to punifh Sin. 

This feems to be the Import of the Word Righte- 
.wfnefsy in the prefent Connexion. And more than 
feems, if We confult the following Verfe. To de- 
tlare^ I fay^ at this Time his Righteoufnefs \ that He 
wight he jufi J, evidence Himfelf to be ftriftly and 
inviolably. righteous, in the Adminiftration of his 
/Government 5 even while He is the all-forgiving 


^ NigJit-Thoughts, N^ IV. f Rom. iii. 25. 

J Rem* iii, 26. The Attribute of Juftice mufi be pre*- 
Served inviolate. And. inviolate it // preferved, if there 
was a real Jnfliftion of Paniftiment on our S AV I OUR* 
Toothing elfe can thoroughly clear up this great Evange- 
lical P4stra6lox'-^]\}Sr, YBT JUSTIFIER of thI 

tlKCODLY 1 . 


giacious yUSTIFIER of the Skiner, that he^ 
Ueveth in JESUS.— According to this Plan, Mercy 
and Truth meet together -, Rightemfnefi and Place Aifi 
tach other *. All the Attributes harmonize ; ^veiy 
Attribute is glorified, and not one fuperieded, no, 
not fo much as clouded. 

Tber. If fome are verging to one Extreme, are 
not you inclining to the other ? Our Ears tingle, 
and pur Blood runs chill, at the very Thoughts of 
fo fevere a Vengeance, executed on an Obje& fo 
worthy and.illuftrious.-^Befides, how can We fup- 
pofe, that the beneficent CRp ATOR and PRE- 
SERVER of Men, fhould take pUafure in the Suf- 
jfefings of the moft unblameable Vcxioxi'^ that evev 
«exi9R:ed? Efpecially, fince He himfelf has made 
this tender Declaration \ / will have Msfcy^ and 
not Sacrifice \. 

Jfp. A tender Declaration indeed it is : fignifying, 
that G O D is better pleafed with the Duties of Hu- 
manity and Charity, than with the moft coftly arid 
pompous Train of Sacrifices. Nay, that He will 
jcven difpenfe with the Obiervance of his own cerc^ 
monial Inftitutions, when they interfere with our 
Exercife of Beneficence One to another. Thus re- 
figning (Ip admirable is his Goodnefs ! ) the Services 
due to Himfelf, for the Benefit and Comfort of^hi^ 
Creatures, — But this has no Sort of Relation to tho 
Death of CHRIST, In which Mercy and Sacri- 
fice, were not disjoined, but united. Which had, 
therefore, every Requifite, to inake it moft pcr- 
fedlly acceptable to the KING of Heaven. 

We are affured by a Prophet, That // pleafed the 
LORD to hruife his holy Chjld JESVS. GOD 

• Pfal. Ixxxv. 10. t Matt. ix. 13. 


not only gave up bis SON to Sufferings, butgavtS 
Him up with a divine Complacency*. — In like man- 
ner, the bleffcd JESUS addreflcd Himfdf to the 
dreadful Talk, not only with<jut Reluftance, but 
with the utmpft Alacrity f. J Might ta do thy Will^ 
was the Language of his Souh— Should You aik; 
How could the SON take pleafure in .undergoing, 

-or i 

* DMne Complacency. — ^This is the Idea included in the ^ 

toriginal Word fSn Ifai. liii. to. Which- is but pooriy Cl 

and faintly reprefented by the Bu^ila* of the Septn4igint. j 

It correfponds with the vigorous Phrafe, uftd by the Voice ' 

from Heaven, iv^onyiaa^ Matt, iii, 17. Or, itinay be very 
cxaftly tranllated by St. Pauts beautiful Expreffion, wa'- 
jp*r«*3ai, Heb. xiii* 16. — In Conf<mnity to this SentiiAent, 
<hc great J BHO VAH is i^id to fm^ll a fvt'eet Savour, 
or a Sa*vour of^ReJi mno PT'"! in thofe Sacrifices, which 
prefigured the crucified 7^ ^ f/^. Gen. viii*. 21. ' 

f Utmofi Alacrity, — There is no Inconfiflency between 1 

rhis AfTertiott, and our LORB's Supplication; FJ^ 
THER-t if it he pojjihle^ let this Cup pafi frovi 7ne : ne<ver^ 
thelefsy not my JVill, but thine he ({one, C>a;»>i, fays Origenf 

the VoicCi not only of Refgnettion, but of Acqufefctnce and 

Complacency^ — Such a deprecatoiy Requeft, put up i with 

fo much Earneftnefs, yet with fo much Submiffion, be- , 

trayed not any Weaknefs of Mind. It only (hewed the 

Reality of our LOR D's Manhood : that his Senfations 

were exadlly like ours : that He afFed^d no Sidcal Apa* 

thy,' but willingly endured, not proudly defpiftd, Tri»- 

fculation and Anguifh. It demonftra:ted likewife, beyond 

the Power of Defcription, the extreme Severity, and al- 

moil infupportable Weight, of our REDEEMER'S 


His tender Love to Mankind, and feivent Zeal for ^ 

his FATHER'S Glory, prompted Him to /?V/r^ thefe 
Sufferings. His invincible Refolution and unequaled 
Magnanimity, emboldened Him to meet them, with a 
generous Ardour. Yet they w-erc ^ terrible, that his 
J>Jature, being human, could not but recoil a little, at 
their Approach; and, had it not been divine alfo, muft 
inevitably have funk binder the Load, ■— «• * * 

U I A L O G.U E m 557 

f«r the FATHER in in8i£Hng) the moft agonie- 
ing Sorrows ? I anrwer 5 On Account of that grand 
Series of Advant^es, which, refuiting from thence, 
will extend— upwards to Heaven— downwards t^ 
£arth— ^forwards throiigh Eternity. 

'* A fcvere Vengeance, You fay, fach as niake^ 
^^ our Ears to tingle."—- This is the very Thing iu* 
tended, to awaken and alalrm prefumptuous Offen^^ 
ders. That they may fee their horri4 Guilt ; fee 
their extreine Danger; and trifle no longer with 
the only Method of Reconciliation. A Method, 
calculated to ftrike the decpeft Terror, even while 
it cherifhes the brighteft Hope — ftrike. the de^pe/t 
Terror^ on every perfevering Sinner— ^while it che> 
riflies the brightejl Hope^ in every returning Tranf- 

37;/r. If one of my Servants, had affronted or in- 
jured me } I fhould, upon his fubmifEve Acknow- 
ledgment, forgive his Fault, and not infift upon 
Satisfa<Sion for the Wrong. Will You make tKc 
FAT H E R of Compaflions, mere inexorable in 
bis Nature, more rigid in his. Demands^ than a 
human Mafter? 

Afp. When You have a Servant, that. owes his 
Being to your Power; that has received innume- 
rable Benefits from your Bounty ; yet ha$ offered 
You' innumerable Affronts, all attended w^th the 
maft aggravating Circumftanccs,' and all in Defiance 
of the moft righteous Threateni»gs— When. You arc 
poflefled of immortal Majefty, and incomprehen-:* 
fible Perfedlion ; when Truth inviolable, and Juf- 
tice inflexible^ are eflential to your Characjler— . 
Then, Theron^ the- P^allet will hold goodj and 
6' • ' ^ / ^ -Your 


T9ur CotiAuSt ihall be a Pattern for the Fsocedum 
, Till then. You and I muft be willing to forgive^ 
hecaufe GOI> has made it our b&unden Duty ; and 
becaufe We have incomparably more to be forgiven 
by the JUDGE of the World, than We can pof- 
fibly nemir to our Fellow-creatures. In the OKztn 
Time, You will ailow the great JEHOVAH; 
whor ia glortHiS in HMnefs^ to communicate his hea* 
venly Favoui^ after a Manner becoming Himfelf. 
On fuch angtf/i and hdnmrabk Terms, as (hall main* 
tain the Rights of his univerfal Government, and 
mantfeft the confummate, the infinite Reditude of 
his Nature. 

THjer. Might not GO D have canceled our Tranf* 
grefEons, and received fallen Men into his Favour, 
without any Propitiation ? — To deny this, would 
be to limit the HOLY ONE o( I/rael; and im- 
pofe Conditions on that uncontroulable Sovereign, 
^0 givsth not Account cf any of his Matters. 

Jfp. We need not embarrafs Ourfelvcs, by enter- 
ing upon Enquiries, which may feem to lie beyoiid 
the Limits pf human Underftanding. Enough fot 
Us to know, that this Propitiation was abfolutely ne- 
c^ary^ with regard to the firfl: Covenant. For, a$ 
GOD had folemnly declared, In the Day Thou tateji 
thereof ^ dying Thou Jhalt die ; his Truth and Juftioe 
ftood engaged to execute the Threatening. And 
nb fecond Adam cduld reftore the iirft, but by 
taking this Curfe upon Himfelf.. 

Die Man^ or^uflice mttft \ unlefs for Him 

Some other abUy andfs toilling^ pay 

The rigid SatisfaSiion^ t>eath for Death *• 

• Milton, BookllL 210*' 

D I A L O G U a lY. 159 

• Therefore die Divkie JESUS^ wbo by in tht 
Bofom of the FATHER, and knew the CounfeU 
of Heaven, faid ; The Sm of Man must be lifted 
tip * on the Cto&. Fron which k appears, that a 
Propitiation was indi(jp»eniably ro4ui&tie.--^ecaiiie» 
it was exprefly foretold by the antient Prophed^ 
(and the Scripture cannot be broken) that the 
MESSIAH ft^ou/a be cut off out of tire Land of the 
Living. — Becaufe, a Variety of Types, and a Mul'* 
titude of Sacrifices, prefigured his Death. One ©f 
the Types^ pointed out the very Manner of his Suf^ 
fcring ; and all the Sacrfficcs, detached from their 
Dependence on this great Oblation, would have 
been beggarly Elements — merci unavailing, empty- 
Ceremonies, / 

I -apprehend, it is no Limitation of the uncon* 
troulable SOVEREIGN, to fuppofe Him in- 
capable of afting otherwise, than in perfeft and* 
perpetual Conliftency with Himfdf.— Neither is it 
any Infringement on his abfolute Sovereignty, that 


• y^ iiu 1 4» Au rfmt &€-, The fam^ Expreffion i& 
•fed, Luke xxiv. 26. — Perfedly conformable to this leack 
ing Truth, Is the current Language both of the Law and 
^thcGofpcl. Under the Lanu, QOD himfdf proteftsj 
i Jkavi /worn, that:ehi Iniquiti t)f the Houfi if Eli Jball uu 
^ P^ged nn^lXX) HDD ivith sUughtered^qgiringj or KvJf^ 
Meat-offering for e^er ; that is, no Kind of Oblation 
Ihall be accepted ; the Guilt fhall never be expiated, 
1 Sam, iii. 14.. Under tlje Gofpelj the Apojftle forewarns;. 
If We JiH -wilfully, byafinal ApoOacyfroin CHRIST^, 
there rtmaintth no mare Sacrifice for Sins ; rfiey arc, to fiich 
Perfons, and in fach Circsimftances, abiblutely irremiiS^ 
We, Heb. x. 26. — Which Phrafe are evidently- connected 
with, and founded on, this grand Doftrine ; That lh» 
appointed, the onhp Way of obtaining Pardon from the 
nghteoua GOD, w, by the laterveation of an ejtpiatofy 



He eann^ But order all AfFairs, for ithe Honour of 
his Juftice, hi^ Fidelity, and each of his exalted 
Pcrfedions. — ^This is the very Thing, which the 
facred Writers exprefs in their plain but ftrong 
Language ; G OD who cannot lie * .• He canmt deny 

Ther. G O D is often faid to forgive our Sins ; 
particularly, in that fublime Paffage, where He 
proclaims his Name to AdSfes,^ The LORD, the 
LORD GOD J merciful and gracious J long'fuffering^ 
affundant in Goodnefs and Truths keeping -Mercy f^^ 
tboufandsy forgiving Iniquity, l^ranfgreffion, and Sin. 
Now, Forgivenefs is a free Thing. Freei^efs is 
implied in the very Nature of Pardon. Take^away 
the former, and You deftroy the latter. — ^If an Equi- 
valent be given, Pardon is no longer Pardon, but 
a Purchafe, Forgivenefs ceafes to be an Aft of 
Grace, and becomes the Payment of a Debt. 
. Afp. The Text you quote; is truly fublime, and 
equally comfortable. But You forget to mention 
one Article of very great Moment, which clofes 
and completes the glorious Charatler. Which 
feems added on purpofc, to prevent any wrong Ap- 
prehenfions of the DEITY, and to. guard againft 
all Ahufe of the Doftrine. He will in m wife clean 
.the Guilty %- — ^GOD will not, on any Confidera- 


* Tit. i. 2. t 2 Tim. ii. 13. 

I He nviJI in no avife char the Guilty r* Exod. xxxiv. 7. 
This Text is not without its Difiic\ilty, «fpeci^lly in the 
Priginal.7— 5/f«i-^// interprets the Words, Et inmcenswn 
erii fine^PiacuU : He (hall not be acquitted without a piar 
cjiiar S^cri'fice.-^I thinks they may. be tranflat^d, with a 
Iktle.nvpre Propriety and Exa^n^ft, thus; Pardoning Inir 
' ' ' * *^ .. .f'/'C^ 

D I A L O Q U E IV. i6i 

tion whatever, abfolve the obftinate, perfevering, 
irreclaimable Offender : neither will He acquit any,, 
of the guilty Race, abfolutely, unconditionally, or 
without fuch a Satisfadion, as may repair the Ho- 
nour of his injured Law, : 

We have Redemption through his Bloody fays thq 
^poftle, even the Forgivenefs of our Sins *, It is For- 
givenefs. You fee, though bought with a Price. It. 
h Remiflion, though procured by Blood. — It. is free, 
with regard to that fovereign BEING, who par- 
dons. . For, He was under no O,bligation to admit 
of a propitiatory Sacrifice ; but might, without any 
Diminution of his Dignity, have left all Mankind 
to perifli in their Sins,— It is free, with regard to 
the obnoxious Creatures, who are pardoned. For^ 
it is vouchfafed, without any Satisfaftion demanded 
\ at their Hands, or any Penalty inflifted on their 

Pcrfons.— It is in this refpecSl alfo free ; that an In- 
VoL. I. M . tereft 

mity, TranfmreJJiQTiy and Sin, T^pV Hb Hpl^ though He ^ill 
vy no means let it go unpunijhed, meaning Sin: which is 
die immediate Antecedent ; is exprefPsd iii the three pre- 
^ ceding Words ; and niay very properly be referred to ia 
this Claufe. Then .xhe Sen fe will be, as follows j" 
** Though G QD pardons Sin, yet it Ihall notgo unr 
** . punlflied . He will certainly inflift his rigllteous Ven- 
** geance, and exetcife his punitive JufHce, though riot 
** on the Sinner, whoAi He fparps ; yet oa the SURE- 
** T Y, whom He has provided," — In the fame Manner 
Cocceius renders the Paffage, Et non exercens tmfunitatem ; 
and expounds it much to the fame Purpofe. — We have 
this very .Word, ki the fame remarkable Conftruftioii, 

^Jer. XXX. II. r\^)^ )jh np31; which is tranflated, I<miU 
fiot leave thee altogether unpuni/hed. Which precifely fig- 
nifies, Ahfolmng I nvill not abfolnje Thee ; and, according 

• to our Manner of fpcaldng, imports, InmU by no Meant 
tfrqrth Vheey as innocent, 

♦ Eph.i. 7.- ' 

t62 D I A L O G U E IV. 

tereft in the great Atonement is granted to Us, 
without the leaft Merit, or any defcrving Qualifica- 
tions of our own. 

In all this, GOD is not only merciful, but xao^ 
tenderly ai)d inexpreflibly merciful. And will any 
One calumniate this majeftic and venerable Method 
of exercifing Mercy ? Becaufe Provifion is made for 
the equal Glory of Truth and Hftlinefs ?— Calum- 
niate ! Surely, it becomes Us to admire and adore, 
faying with the Pfalmift ; Juflice and Judpnitit are 
ihe Habitation of thy Throw *. Juftice fatisfied, 
and Judgment fully executed, in the Perfon of the 
MEDIATOR, arc the Bafis or Foundation of 
thy Throne. The Foundation, on which thy 
Throne of Grace is erecfted, and fromnnrhich all 
hs Adminiflradons proceed. 

Thfr. Does not your Notion of a propitiatory Sa- 
crifice, derogate from the Goodnefs of the Almighty 
FATHER; and transfer all our Obligations to 
the incarnate SGN ? 

j^ h there not Goodnefs, in allotving a Subfti- 
tute to fMfFer in.our Stead f^^Is there not ftill greater 
Goodnefs, in providing a Subftitute for Us, without 
any Solicitation on our Fart ?— Is there not the very 
higheft j^ertion of Goodnefs, in devoting a dear« 
an only, an incomparably excellent SON} in dc^ 
voting HIM to the dreadful Purpofe ?*— *Thife mar- 
velous Scheme, far, very far from obfcuring, moft 
illuftrioufly difplays, the fupcrabundant Loving^ 
kmdnefs of the FAT HER. 


♦ P/al. Ixxxix. 14. The Original JIM fignifies a^5^, 
or Supporter, Which, when applied to a Throjir, is evi- 
dently more^roper than th« W(»d Habitation* 
2 ' 


GOUJa l^^d the ^nrld, ^poft^tc and ?QllHt«^ 
as it was*— i/atc; did He Iqyc it I To ^ Pegrep,- Wr 
. uttcrahlc by a<i]f Tongue ; inccmc^iYaWQ by amy 
lo^iaginations^ and only to be expr^flfed l^y the ixjA^ 
nit^ly precipu? Effeas. Xov(d U *Q> t^(tt £^^mt 
bi^ ^nfy'bfgotten SON^ that ifjbofpever keliruetb «{ 
I^m fifiuld not p^rijhy but b^e everlafiing ffife ♦• 
And dops this derogate from the (xoodn^fs pf t^ef 
Almighty FATHEigl? Npf bai:ely tp give Pkr- 
don and Life, but tQ give theqi throiiigh th^ Han^ds, 
nay, tbrpugh the Woi^nds, th^ Agonies, the Deat^ 
of his divineft, dweft SON ! 

Such Privikges, vQuchfafed in any Way, nmft 
challenge t)i^ d^voi^teft Acknowledgments. But^ 
^hen attended with this additional DeniQnJ||riftio|} 
pf Favour, they inSaipe Us with Gratiti^de^ ^^^ 
tranfport Us with Admiration. They i^pt Ofily 
jp^^iktk^ but t commend th^ d^y^^^ Love : f^ey 
ftqiy it to the great^ft Advantage j fhew i,t in thf 
Vtinoft Perfe<aion ; with fvery Clrcupiftanc^, 9f 
grand ^(commendation, and high Endean^ent.-«f 
J&ythi6Moan3,bJpflW GOD, Thou haftunfpwlc- 
dlbiy Pnkaoced Ay Benefits ! Thw haft jr^^nd^r^^ 
Ma them, 

f *^ m 

f John iii, i6. 
f Soul' y. 9' ^imritn. It feems to be an Image taken 
;. from the ?nAice o£ Trade/men. .Who, in ihe^ing tielr 

Goods, point oat and enlarge upon their Excellencies ; 
il' fttting in the deareft Lieht, whatever may befpeak their 

J Woi^tH* or reconi^mend them to ^ Purchafcr«-^P<;rlfap$» 

^ it may ajlude to tne Cuftop of fending, with (bn^e fa- 

Jyonrite and worthy Peribn, recommendatory Letters, in 
which his goo^ Qualities are defcribed ; and every Thing 
> is mjentioned, that may embellilh his Charafter, and r^n- 

^ 4^ his Pf)e{en(;e refpe(tab)e. In this Senfe St. Pmif ^fes 

J thofe nearly related Words, Qvnrannf, QfrdltMu^ '2 Cor.^ 

\ iii. I. 

1:64 D I A L O G \} E iV.- 

them, though invaluable in fhcmfelves^ exceedingly 
more fo, by the Mannir'oi conferring them ! 

Ther, Again in your Elevations, Afpafio? — The' 
World,. You knovsr, is grown very rational and in- 
quifitivej will admit nothing, but upon cleai* Evi-' 
dence, and full Convidion.- We cxpe<Sl:, there-* 
fore, in all religious Enquiries, . not the Flights of 
Fancy, or the Sallies of Zeal ; but a Sobriety of 
Reafon, and SolicKty of Argument. 

Afp, The World, rational as it is, feems, by the • 
Tafte of the prefcnt Age, no Enemy to Works, of 
Fancy. The World, therefore, may not be dif-' 
pleafed with an affe£ling Story. And a Story, 
fuitable to the Occafion, juft pccurs to my Mind. 
Such as may ferve to (hadow forth,* though very 
faintly^ the furpailing Benignity and Grace of our 
crucified LORD. - 

A certain u^^//rQiieen, departing this Life, left 
behind Her three accomplifhed Sons ; all arrived to 
Years of Maturity. — The youhg Princes were at 
ftrife, who fhould pay the higheft Refpedl to their 
royal Mother's Memory. To give Scope for their 
generous -C<>n tent i en, they agreed to meet« 
tPlac^ of her Interment > and there prefent the moft 
honourable Gift', they .kne^y how to devife, or were 
able to procure. — The Eldejl came, and exhibited 
a fumptuous Monument j confifting of the richeft I 

Materials, and ornamented with the raoft exquifite ] 

• Workmanfliip.-^The &r^«i/ ranfadled all the Beau- j 

ties of the blooming Creation; and offered a Gar- \ 

kirid. of fuch admirable Colours, and delightful j 

Od'ouxSj, as. had never been fe^n before. — The ' 

J'^«wfj/if' appeared, without any pompous Prepara- 
tion ; having only a cryftal Bafbn in one Hand, and: 
i • ' ' • a 


P I A I. Q G U E -IV]; jt65 

a filver Bodkin* in .the other; " As foon as He apt 
proached. He threv^ open his Breaftj pierced a 
Vein, which lay oppofite to his Heart; received 
the Blood in the tranfparent Vafe ; andj .with an 
Air of afFe£lionate Reverence, placed- 14 on the 
Tomb* — The Spectators, ftriick with the Sight^' 
burft into a Shout of general Applaufe ; and imme- 
diately gave the Preference to this iaft Oblation, - 
If it was reckoned fiich a fingirlar Expreffiori of 
Love, to expend zfew of thofe precious Drops, fpf 
the Honour of a Parent : O ! how matchlefs ! how 
inefFable was the Love of JESUSy in pouring ouf 
fjl his vital Blood, for the Salvation of Enemios ! 

Thfir. My greateft Objeftion rs ftill to come, — If 
CHRIST fuffered in our Stead; He muft fuffer 
that t;^ry Punifliment, which v/as due to our Inii- 
quities. This your orthodox Divines affirm to be in-r 
comparably vvorfe than bodily Death ; to be nothing 
lefs than the everlaifting Difpleafure of G O D. 
. jffp. The Punifhment due to our Iniquities, was 
Shame, Dieath, ' and the divine Wrath. . 

As for Shame — Was ever Shame, like that Shame, 
which our defpifed REDEEMER bore?— Tho* 
Prince of the Kings of the Earth, yet borniil a 
Stable, and laid in a Manger. — When an Infant, 
exiled from his ov/n Country, and a Vagabond in 
a foreign Land. — When engaged in the Difcharge 
of his Miniftry, accufed of the moft flagitious 
Crimes, and branded with tht blackeft Names. — 
V/hen brought to Ills Exit, apprehended as a llilef $ 
condemned as aMalefa£lor; nay, the vilefl: of Ma- 
jefacftors, a Robber and a Murderer, is preferred 
tefore him. — His Executioners poured Contempt 
M 3 upon 

tU f) I AL OdU ]£ iv. 

Viphh ill hft Venerable Ofit^. As a Kikg^ thfef 
fidiculca Him, by puttih| l Motk-Secptre into his 
bkhd ; arid crowning flith iHth ragged Thorfts *', 
Inftcad of a ro^al Diadem. Tllejr Vilified his /i*&- 
^*^V CMIrdaer, by hdod-Winkiftjg fei>5 Eyes ; ftrifc- 
ihg his bleflfed Hfead ; and thefl ifldng, in crticl 
Dtenfion, Who it was thin fime Htm ^. Th^ycaft 
Reproach upon his pitfity Uftdftrtaking, Wh^ they 
tharpened their Tongue's ^ith mriicidus Irbny, and 
fiibt oiit tfeofc bitter Words ; He faht^d'Oilmj ISm^ 
plfHe tdTMcft Jove t'-^Tx) render his Ihfamy ^s pub* 
lie, as ft was fhockihg^ they hung Hiiti on^YVee; 
and expbied Him, defiled as Me w»s ^ith Sprtttng^^ 
and disfigured with Wounds, to the gazing Eyes and 
tOTtttmelious ScofFs of numWlers Spesftaitoft. 

to" You doubt, whether CHRIST fuftMh^'&h 
Wraih df G O D, fdt Us fo!lo<«r Him to the <Slu^n 
XX Qethfehidne. A Scene, which I Wduld always ¥e- 
collei^, %h^ i walk along the Ferttfe VaJe^ ^T 155c- 
patrate altnidft the flowery Garden ||, br elij<^ "iikt 
Delights 6f any rural Retirement.— »He had n^lRe- 
morfe, to alarm his ipotkfs Confcience ; yet Fear- 


• To have crowned the bleffed JESUS with Stranv^ 
would have been a vile Infult, and treating Him like an 
atnbitious Madman. But to crown Him with keeny fun- 
^/, lacerating Thorns, was adding Cruelty to their Tn- 
fults ; unheard of Barbarity to the moil contemptuous 
Mockery. Matt, xsri'ii. zg. 

^ ,f Scornfally infinuating, that his facred prophetic 
Office was fit for nothing, but to ferve luch diefpicablc 
t*urpofes, Maft* xxvi. 68. 

'J Matt, xxvii. 42. 
'Il ftlh^iwg to the Evangelift's Defcnpticm ^ Gethfe^ 
iHmiiy tvho rteprefents it as a <hirdeh ; and to the Etymo- 
logy of the Word, which /igfntfies ^fat ox fruitful Valley^ 
t3»iDli^ N*^ John xviii. 1. 'Matt. xxvi. 36. 


DIALOG U R IV. i6jt 

f^ilntfs and Treatbling came upon Hun. No Vkh> 
fence was ofbred to his facred Perfon ; yet a hor- 
riUe Di^ead overwhelmed Him.— He was anointed 
wiih tbe Oil of Gladnefs, above his Fellows *. 
Y^ So intense was his Affidtion^ that it fetched 
Tears f from his Eyes, and forced that melanohol/ 
^^ from his Ltps -, My Saul is farrowful ; exceed- 
kkgfirr^w/idi forrowful even ttato Death t.-^^Twnt 
Night, cold Night i and though our Divine MAS* 
T£K. layppoftrate i^pon the Earthy amidft the Pall 
of chilling Dews, HcJwMt-^He fweat Bloed^^^t^^ 
fo fore was this ftrange, unfeen Confli<5l, that He 
(weat gnat Drops of Blood ; running d9wn^ in reek^^- 
ing Streams, to the Ground. — ^What JCaufe, what 
adequate Caufe, can be affigned for this amazing 
Anguifh ? None but the Wrath of his Almighty^ 
FATHER. Who was now become an inexor^ 
able JUDGE; treated Him no longer as the 
SON of his Love, but as the SURETY for un- 
numbered Millions of guilty Creatures. 

7%sr. Was it poffible, that the innocent and 
holy JESUS, the dearly beloved SON of GQD, 
Ihould become an Objea of His FaTHER*s 

' jfjp^ It was not only poffible, but unavoidable 
^nd neceflary. Unavoidable, with refpe^l to the di- 
vine Holinefs ; nectary, for the Procurement of our 
Redemption.-^Sin was charged upon CHRIST', 
all the Sins of all Believers, in all Ages and Places 
of the World. And could the infinitely righteous 
GOD behold fuch a Deluge of Iniquities, (thofe 
abominable Things, which He hateth) without ex- 
fireffing his Difpleaftire 7 Or could the blefled JE^ 
U 4 SU^ 

• Pfal. xlv. 7. t Heb. V. ;• X Matt. xrvi. 38. 


SUS be purtiftied, truly punifhed for them, without 
any painful Senfation of their horrid Evil, and of 
that tremendous Indignation which they deferved ? 

If this was not the Cafe, who can maintain the 
Dignity of his Cpnduft, during the Agony in the 
Garden ? — ^Was^ there no Pooring out of the divine 
Difpleafure? Then his Behaviour in that Hour of 
Tryal, did not equal the Intrepidity ' of the three 
Hebrew Youths ; who continued calm, and with- 
out the leaft Perturbation, while the Furnace was 
heated into fcven-fold Rage ♦^ — But if this was the 
Time, in which, (no created Arm being ftrong 
enough to give the Blow) // pleafed the LORP 
to hfuife Him f ; if this was the Time, in which 
the moft high GOD hOit his Boiv like an Enemy ^ 
and Jiood ivith his Right-hand as an Adverfary + > it 
is eafy, very eafy to account for the prodigious Con- 
fternation of our R-^ D E E M E R. No wonder 
that his Heart, though endued with otherwife in- 
vincible Fdrtitude^SOiould become like melting 
Wax.' For, who" knoWeth the Power of that 
Wrath, at which the Pillai-s of Heaven tremble |t ? 

Ah ! Tfieroh ; the Vinegar and the Gall, which 
they gave Him to drink, were not half yS hitter^ as 
the Cup of his FATHER'S Wrath. Yet, for 
our fake. He drank it off to the very Dregs. — 
The Nails, that pierced his Hands ; the Spear, 
that cleft his Heart ; were not half yj Jharp^ as the 
Frowns of his eternal FATHER'S Countenance; 
Whigh, for our Confolation, He patiently fub- 


• Dan. ill. 16, 17, i8, 
t V^i' liii- ^o- The Prophet fay* not, It pleafed the 
LORD, that wicked Men ihould bruife Him ; but, // 

f leafed the LORD himfelf to iruife Him, 
X Lam. ii. 4. |I Job xx 



mitted to War>~He was rent with Wounds, arid 
racked with Pain ; his Bones were diflocated, and 
his Nerves convulfed ; a thoufand thorny Daggers 
were planted in his Temples, and Life flowed out 
-at? ten thoufand giifliing Veins. Yet this, all this 
was gentle^ ^was lenient, in comparifon of thofe in- 
expreffible Agonies, which penetrated his very SouL 
The former, drew not a iingle Complaint from his 
Mouth : the latter, wrung from his breaking Heart 
that paflionate. EKclamation ; My GOD ! My 
GOD ! why haft Thou farfaken me? — ^Aftonifhing 
Words ! Surely, a Diftrefs, beyond all Imagina* 
tion grievous *, uttered them. Surely, die Ven-. 
geanee, not of Men, but of Heaven itfelf, extorted 
them. Every Syllable of which fpeaks, what the 
mourning Prophet dcfcribes 5 Is it nothing to Youj 


- * To heighten our Idea of this Diftrefs, the Evangclifb 

make ufe of the moji forcible Words— ij^lalo tx^a^aa^M, 
tie was feized with the mofl alarming Aftonifhment — 
ii^ijjutoww, He was overwhelmed with infufpertahli DefeBiom 
•— «yif;iAwT(&-, 'He was hejteged on all fides, as it were, 
.with an Army of inyading Sorroivs — He ivreftled^ amidil: 
ftrong Crie^ and Tears, not only with the Malice of Men, 
and Rage of Devils, but with tne infinitely more dreaded 
Indignation of GOD : He wreftled even unto an Agony 
of Spirit, ly.aWtf. All thcfe Circumflances of Horror 
. and Anguilh, conllitute what a celebrated Poet vcryjuflly 
ftylcs, . ' 

A Weight cf Woe more than ten Worlds could hear! .. 

The Critic i probably, will admire the Propriety and 
Beauty of this Line. Which, compofed of nothing bo't 
Monofyllables, and cloggari with the frequent Repetition 
of a cumbrous Confouant* makes the Sound remarkably 
apppfite to the Senfe.— May We all be /acred Critics ! 
"Have, not Only a refined Tafte, to relifli fiicH Eleganbtes 
of Compbfition, but an awakened Hearty to feel the£ne]> 
gy of fuch important Truths ! • 

I70 P I A L O O U E IV. 

Mreihiit pifibff BehMMifitI if there h ^kf 
BarrofJif Hie Mte my S$rrcWj wberewitb the L ORD 
Imtb ^^gUaed nHj in the Day of his fierce Anger ♦/ 

HbrCf How, it mr whek Punilhinent endured^ 
ShtaAb of die Cror% and the Sorrows of Death ; 
dR S^lielifions of the ALMIGHTY'S Favour, 
ahd Ae t^U^ Senfations of his Wrath, 

Thtr. Beitfo. Yet ail this amounts to no more, 
AanPartOf PftyflKfkt. For, thefe Sufferings were 
thuifiMt; Mn^lTvry o»lf » not eternal. Therefore, 
the tiiaiA CircUmftance, the moft bitter Ingredient, 
was wafting. 

. A^, In the Eftimate of divine Juftice, and in 
(>oiiK of penid SatisfaSton) they were equivalent to 
•^ endkfs PuniflmieAt f. Efpecially, if We con- 
lidlt the Severity of the SuiFerings, and the Dignity 
rfthe SUFFERER. 

The Severity of the Sufferings. — Let me illuftrate 
thfe Poitit by a Comptrifon. A% the laft Day, all 
thofe fierce eruptive Flames, which have raged in 
vffhui, in V^Hviasy and in every other burning 
MMntfedti thnxfghout the Worid^'-All thofe con« 
IShcd ftrbt^rwutean Fires, whhrh have fo terribly 
Ihakeii the Foundaticfns of yamaica^ Sidfy^ and 
iSti^fiatt th m ^ '^- l ne. Word ; the whole Element of 
yite, ta^?^wet«!«{)it)yed through ail theitevolu- 
ttohs vif tittle, Wherever tfiffufed thfough all the 
Regions of the Globe, will then be colle£ted from 
all Quarters, tod burft forth in one vaft, refifHefs, 
l^i^al Cbhft^rfttion. In feme fnd Manner, all 


*• Xam. i. 12. 
f ha^uOem m ire^'s fitr/fht CR tSTJJetenue Jyam- 
fumS^ffdii wpfipoUeat : i^ Vnius P^ffic Ut Els^erum Myria- 
aiui redimituUs fyfficiat. WiTS. rn $jm6. 

DI A nOGU E IV, fTt 

that Wraths which >lw dtie to the ioliurilerabte 
Multh\Hfe 6pf Smners^ fcdecmed from every People^ 
and NatJbh $ Which^ if executed en the offendiiig 
Creatmess hid been protengfed toette^iiai Ages ; all 
that Wrath^ 'cbntra<Sed into one iaicoilceivably 
dreadfai Blaee^ was at^Hee^}i^TeA otitt Upon Ae in- 
tei^offng «UR£TY) at ivficeitaiatd forth ^oiilr 
heavenly VI C T I M.*— This wiH appear more than 
probable, tf, among otEher PiifticttlaiPs, We con- 
template the iifie<[ukletl Magnanimity a 6iir 
LORD, wko is '«yled ftfe Lion -^f the Trih^f Ju- 
dah * J and cdrnpa^e ft with his bloody Sweat in 
the Garden, and his exceediitg bitter ^Gty "en the 
Crofs t* 

The Dirrmty of thte B UF F E R ER.— Bhd oiir 
SAVIOUR'S Striferinfes l>een the Stifferings of fe 
mere Man, or 6( ^e moft e^caHed Angel, I ackfijdW- 
kdge-, diey could have bore no Proportion to 6ulr 
Demerit. Bttt they wefe the SidB^iiftgs of the 
PRINCE t)fHeaven> and the LORD of Gloiy : 
befbi^ whom all Men are as Daft, and aU Angela 
as Worms.— Was an hiffinite MAJESTY ^- 
fcnticd? Ah infinite MEDIATOR atoned. 
Weigh the Dignity, die divine Dignitjr of the 
REDEEMER'^sPerfon, ^inft die «ver|aftii% 
Duriatioh ^f oar Punifhment. It will not only 
chtnth-'^alance^ but prkporukfaie. — Finite Cxtatiyr^ 
can never make an infinite Satisfaction ; no, not 


• Rev. V. 5- 

\ I tfiilrtc, 4*fe LWgtoage of the Ch** Littirgy, is' the 
•LingttJiie of lliift Propriety, tfs well ^s of fciroit Dcvo* 
tion, -Ai affiw^» C^ ^et^vai^t. The SttfRfrittgs uf t>u^ 
1,011 D were, in^th^rlWeafate and Weight, v*ft. tte- 
meiidous, ftnAnccwn: abfolutely beyond the Readi -^ 
human IMgilAtit)n. 


fhrough the moft unlimited ProgrefTion of Ages. 
Whereas, when our LORD undertook the Work, 
being truly ?nd properly infinite, He fint(hed it at 
^fite, — So that his Sufl'erings, though temporary, 
have an All-fufScicncy of Merit and Efficacy. They 
are, in»this Refpeft, adequate; nay, on Account oiF. 
the Infinitude of his Nature, they are more thair 
adequate to an Eternity of Piiniflimcnt. 

It was 1 MMJNUEL^ it was the incartiate . 
GOD, who purchafed the Churchy and redeemed 
Sinners, with his tnvn Blood '^^ The immcnfe Dig- 
nity and Grandeur of oiir SAVIOUR, commu- 
nicated their ennohling Influence, to every Tear 
He flied, to every Sigh He heaved, to every Pang 
He felt. This renders his Sufferings a perfeSf^ as 
their vicarious Nature renders them a proper Satif-» 
faction. And though the Wood of Lebanon was not 
fufficient to burn^ nor all the Beajis thereof fuffcient for 
a Burnt^offering f \ yet this Sacrifice fully anfwers 
the Exigence of the Cafe. — This Sacrifice fends 
tip an ever-accejTrtable Odour to the Skies, and dif-» 
fufes its fweet Perfume through all Generations :• 
fuch as appcafcs Heaven, and revives the World. 

Yes, Therorr-, You muft give me Leave to repeat 
the fuWime and delightful Truth. It was GOD, 
the great GOD, even our SAVIOUR JESUS 
CHRIST, who gave Himfelf for Us J. His Sacri- 
. , ■ . , " 'fice 

• ABs XX. 28. The original Words arc remarkably 
cmphatical. TJicy exprcfs. with the utmoft Precifion, 
thcv afcertain with the greateil Cogepcyv the. moll im- 
portant and precious of all "^IVuths. Ttj* tx^Mo^v m 0£3, 
^^KPt^HVMr^ccU.hx Ta >5't« a}fjL6cloi. The. Churchy of GOD^ 
cwhich HE hath purchafed njjith his o w w .-p * Q p^ H 

fihfid. r^. .. • 

•J- Ifai. xl. 16. * X Tit> u. 13, 14* ; 


D I A L O CUE JV.- 17 J 

ficc therefore, muft be inconceivably menionotts. O ! 
that Sinners, the vileji 6f Sinners, knew its all- 
fuiEcient Efficacy ! They would no longer be holden 
in the Bonds of Iniquity, by that deftru(9:ive Sug- 
gclUon of the Devil, Ther^. is no Hope *. 

Ther, What valuable End could fuch vicarious 
Sufferings accomplifh? 3uppofe GOD abfolutely 
inexorable, and they cannot avail. . Suppofe Him 
divinely merciful, and they are needlefs. 

Jfp. The Difficulty You propofe, I think, has 
been obviated' already. So that I have no Occafioa 
to folve your Dilemma, but only to anfwer your 
Queftion. Which I fliall do^ firft in general ; by 
coUeding into a Point, the Subftance of this and 
the preceding Conference. Thefe Sufferings — as 
a Punijhment^ gave ample Satisfaftion to the divine 
violated Law*— as a Sacrifite^ they perfedly recon- 
ciled Us to our offended G O D — as a Price^ thejf 
redeemed Us from every Evil, and purchafed for 
Us a Title to all Good. 

This is a Subjedt of the moft diftlnguifhed Im- 
portance. Let not my Theron imagine, I wouli 
abufe his Patience, if I dwell a Moment longer oii 
the favcKirite Topic. — ^A Topic, which attrada the 
Attention of Heaven, Earth, and Helli ^ The Cro/s 
of CHRIST is the 6bj.e(a of Approbation, and 
ineffable Complacency^ -to the eternal . C R E A^*- 
T O R ; of Wonder and Admiration, to all Intel- 
ligent and holy Creatures ; of Alarm and Anguif^, 
to the infernal Hofis.— The Church of GOD, .f<?r 
zhave four thoufand, was oljntinually. loak- 
iag^ towards. I/, with Expectation J3Uid longing De- 

* Jer. ii. 25^. -^^ \ \;. 



fire. We arc now looking u tty as the one Foun- 
dation of our Comfeit ; while other Generations 
s(ro rifing, and will rife in uiuntamipted Succefions, 
ta behold it with renewed Ardour and Delight. 
And when Time fliall be no more, innumerable 
Multitudes of Saints and Angels, will be looking 
backwards on itj with Adoration and Tranfport, 
even in the remoteft Ages of Eternity. 

Tber. True j but You have not mentioned the 
particular Ejids, accomplifhed by this great Tranf- 

Jfp. I might enumerate many Ends, all magni- 
fi<;ent and gracious. I content myfclf with fpeci- 
fjing a few. But fuch as bring Ae higheft Glory 
to GOD — adminiftcr the moft folid Comfort to 
Man — and moft effbaually promote Ae Interefts 
of Piety. 

Here We have a Manifeftation of inflexible Juf- 
tice, in Concert with unbounded Goodnefe. — /«- 
jiexihle Jujlice ; in that the great and terrible GOD, 
though deterijyned to exercife Mercy, would exer- 
cife it only in fuch a IVf anner, as might vindicate 
the Authority of Jiis J/aw ; might teftify the Purity 
qf his Nature i and dec}^e the inviolable Faithful- 
XitU of io^ Wprd* — Unbpun4fd Goodnefs\ in that He 
with-held not his SpN, his only SON^ biit 
• frcdy g^v? Him up for Us aH. Gave up ** the 
^ BRIGHTNESS pf his Giory,*^ to be covered 
with Iof%my ; gave up *« the BELOVED of his 
«* Sp|^J^'* tt> e^^pire in Annies j ovi purpofe to i)b- 
t^in flpnoux and Immortality for apoftate Men.— 
The Tornv^Qts inflifted on %11 the Damned in HeH, 
arc not^o fearful a Monument of GOD'S Juftice, 
as thofc dying Agonies of the LORD JESUS 



CHR IS T. Nor could a thoufand ffMds, beftowed 
on every Believer, have been fuch an A& of fuper^ 
abundant Munificence, as that Gift of his ever- 
bleffed SON. 

Look We for Power and Wifiom? — ^To uphold 
the Humanity of CHRISTy under all the ftqdied 
Cruelties of Men, under the infatiate Rage of Dc* 
vils', and the far more tremendous Curfe of the di- 
vine Law * : to conquer Sin, and Death, and HclJ, 
by a Perfon bound with Fetters, nailed to a Tree, 
and crucified in Weaknefs : to expiate, by one Offer-i' 
ing, the innumerable Millions of Crimes, com- 
mitted by all his People, from the Beginning to 
the End of Time : was not this Power ? matchlefs 
Power ? aftoni(hing Power ? — ^And as for fflfdomj 
how admirable was the Contrivance, whidi could 
harmonize the feemingly oppofite Claims of Mercy 
and of Juftice ! Could not only fatisfy each, but 
magnify both ! — Had PunUhment been executed 
on the wretched helplefs Dinner, Mercy had loft 
her amiable Honours. Had the Sinner been re- 
ftored to Favour, without any Penalties fuftained 
either by Himfelf or his SURETY, Juftice ha4 
been fet afide as an inCgniiicant Attribute* Where- 
as, by our LORD's vicarious and expiatory Suf- 
ftrings, both are manifefted) and both are exalte4> 


• l/ki. xlii. 6. I the LORD ivHt hoU thim Band, 
and <vnU keep Thee. This is fpoken of the ME SSIJH. 
It gives Him AiTurance of effectual Support, when the 
Vengeante of Hea^veti, the Fury of Hell, aadtht Siis 
of the W<»4d, fto«)d f#U «poii Hm wiiih ii«Md Vio- 
tence. To fuppott t^e MEDIATOR voder tbcfe 
Circum^ces, is mentioned as a very diftinguiihed A€t 
of that omnipotent Arm, which created the Heavensy and 
ffread forth the Earthy, and gi<veth Sjjdrit $o. them that walk 
therein. Ver. 5. 


Therefore the Scripture affirms, that GOD hath 
not only exercifed, but abounded in JVlfdom and Pru- 
dence — ^nay, hath abounded in all Wifdom and Pru- 
dence *, by this Combination of righteous Venge- 
ance and triumphant Grace. Which is; at once, 
fo honourable to Himfelf, and fo advantageous to 
\kis People. 

• Ther, *' Advantageous to his People" — ^I am glad. 
You are come to this Point. This is what I want 
to have cleared up. I am for thofe Doctrines, which 
glorify GOD, by doing Good to Man. Gi^e tne 
the Religion, whofe Afpcft is benign, and whofe 
Agency is beneficial.* Not like a Meteor^ to dazzle 
Us with a vain Glitter. Not like a Cornet^ to terrify 
Us with a formidable Glare. But like yonder Sun^ 
whofe Beams (bed Light, and difFufe Joy all around. 

Jfp. Is this what You feek, and what You prize ? 
Then the Cbrijiian Religion, this Doftrine in par- 
ticular, will anfwer your largcft Expeftations, and 
challenge your higheflSEfteem. For it is rich with 
Benefits of the moft needful, the moft defirable, 
and moil exalted Kind. 

The firft and leading Blefling is Pardon of .5/«j.-'— 
Pardon, not of fmall Sins only, but of the moft 
aggravated^ the moft horrid^ the moft* enormous. Be 
they flaming as Scarlet, be they foul as the Dung- 
hill, be they black as Hell itfelf ; yet they fliall be 
*as the fpotlefs Wool, or as the Virgin- Snows f ; 
they fliall, by Virtue of this grand Eijpiation, be 
as though they had never been4 — ^Pardon, not of a 
few, but of all Sins. Be they nutnerpus as the 

• Hairs of our Head ^ numerous asf tfie Stars of Hoa- 
yeftj or innU^erame as. the 'Sands tiponthe Sea- 

• ' , . \ fliorej 

• Eph.i. 8, f Ifai. 1. i9. 

UlAtOGtTE lY. <>7 

firctn. tbem Ah i *• 

Heseb; We h^v^ T%£i9Ky over Vtatk^ an4 Jdimi* 
-tance into eternal ^i/Jr.-r-For thus faith the hfljy 
Apoftle, canwrniog the pDpr Sojoi^mere in ClajT; 
Sfcing: ih^tfoti tht Children wtrt Patter % 9f FUfi> 
€nd Bhody HJ^ alfo part^ pf th fawe. ; * that by u^ 
^jrgoing Si^ath^ He mi^i S^roy Him wb<h had we 
fcmfir o/J^^afhy that is th^ Dmly an4 dfttpe^ th^fi^ 
y/f?o^ thrmgb Fear of X>eathy were aU their Life-timi 
Juhje& to Bondage t'-r-^d thus faith the vpnerable 
Elder, CQiic^Tiing the taciumpbant Inhabitants of 
Heaven j TZv/i are they^ wbp tamn oHt of great Tri-^ 
iulaiion\ and have wajhed their Rob/es^ and made them 
tubiie in the BUad of the L A MB : thtHfore au 
they before the Throrte J. 

The Philijlinis rejoiced, when Sa^nfin^ the lie* 
ftroyer of their Country, was delivered i;ito their 
Hands. How much greater Reafon have We t^ re- 
joice, fince the bleffed JESUS has vanquifhjed our 
laft Enemy ! Has made Death the Minifter of eni* 
lefs Life, and the Gxave a Gate to imoiortal Glory ! 
-^Jofeph had Caufc to be glad, when He put off 
his Prifon-garments, and was clothed with. Change 
of Raiment : ^hen He was brought from the Duz»- 
geoii to the Palace, and honoured with a Seat at 
the Right-rband of the King. But \s it not an in^ 
comparably richer Bleffing^ to have our Rofaes waflina 
io redeeming Blood, aad o\ir Souls. /cleanfed ffooi 
all Guilt ? Is It not an incomparably higher Advamt^ 
menty to be admitted into the blifsful Prefence, an<I 
to poflefs the^everjafting Kingdom of GOP ? 

Vot.L N " '\ To 

♦ 1 John i, 7, • t Hefe. li. I4, 15, *T R^«^• 

vii. 14. • i '. 


To comprehend all in a Word— Hereby m-e pro- 
cured, even for the moft unworthy Creatures, all the 

• Benefits of the Kew Covenant. Therefore, the Blood 
of CHRIST is ftyled by a Prophet, Tie JBlood $f 

; thy Covenant * ; by an Apoftle, The Blood of the^ever^ 
' Ifift^^g Covenant f > and our LORD himfelf fays, 
'This is the new Covenant in my Blood X,-^Xt it a Pri- 

• vilege to know GOD, the infinitely glorious Cert^ 
< ter and Source of all Perfe6lion ? Is it a moft valuable 

* Endowment, to have his holy Laws put into our 

• Minds, and his heavenly Precepts written on bur 

* Hearts ? Is it a Branch irf real Felicity, to have our 

♦ numbcrlefaSins forgiven, and not one. of otir Iniqui- 
: tieS remembered any more ? Is it the Compendium 

of all Happinefs, to have GOD for our Portion, 
and our exceeding great Reward ? To be his peculiar 

'Treafiire, his loving and beloved People ||. — Of all 
thcfe We may fay. They are the Purchdfe of I M- 
M A N U E L*s Blood : and whoever is truly in- 
terefted in the latter, is unqueftionably intitled to 
all the former. 

Who then would refufe fo comfortable b, Doo- 

trine? Which — *- 

Tber. Is too comfortable, We might imagine, to 

be either true in itfelf, or fafe in fts Confequences. 

.Muft it not^tend to embolden the Sinner in the Profe- 
cution of his Vices? Who need (cruple to tranfgrels, 

.'or be very felicitous to repent; if an all- atoning 

/SACRIFICE has been offered, for every Kind, 

•and every Degree of Wickednefs ? . 

* Zech.* IX. iir f Heb.^iii. 20. 

X Luke xxii. 20. The oHginal Word ^td^n/i fighifies 
^liikeT.jSLTefiame/ity pT St Covenant. . 

II Heb, viii. i'o, 11, 12. 

. • 

IV pIAlLQGUrE IV; if^ 

" ^ j^; Would YQuhav5e.Sihqew./«rfj«/i&/^i^? No- 

thing fpeaks fucb Terror to the ChUdrpn'pf I>ifob^'» 
dience, as the bitter Paffion, and acciiried Deatih. of 
CHRIS y.-^All the rhetorical Aggravations of Sin^ 
•with regard to its loathfome N^turij, and expcrablc 
-Vilenefs — ^all the Severity, of Vengf^^mc^ ej^cutei 
upon rebellious AngeU, or.M^ickfed^Mcn^^alJ, M - 

^ • are weak and inexpi^effivt?, cQmp»rje4 with thie ^abwrf- 

ful Empbajls of this- great Tranfajaiba. .. Fcxr, if the 
tORD Almighty fp^ed not Hi wn S,ON, .when 
Sin was, not committed by Hioi,.but.pnlyjDQputed 
•to Him; ho«r much lefs fcall He fpace incorri^bk 
OfFenders,:whb both habitually. 66mniii:^. and..ab-» 
fiinately perfiitin^ their, daring Jfhpiettes i , ' i . 
'. If, by Repentance, 'You mean ^ inghtufitis'Sirrtw 
for our Tran%reffions ;* nothing ia fo likdy to break 
. the ftohy, or melt the icy Heart, . as . theft . djdeful 
EffeSs of Sin. — ^Let Us imagine Oiu-ftlvcs prefent 
at Caharfy and flanding' by the Crofs. See4 the 
Innocent, theaiiii2ble,.the illuftrious SAVIOUR^ 
tiangs onaTx^e.^ A Tree, torturous as; the. Rackj 
and ignominious as the Gibbet !-*-Sce 4; his Face ii 
foul with fpitting* ' and his Bick tore : with the. 
Scourge. His Veins ftrcan^ with' fllbod, and hft 
Heart is wounded with Aaguilhr— There Hq hangs, 
abandoned by his Friepds • reviled byvhis Enemies j 
and forfaken even by! his GOD^r^an, W,t refle£ir| 
that fFey even ^ wcr fJ the Cs^wfe of, thia inconr 
folable Mifery ; and mot feel ReiAiorfis in-oUr Con^ 
fcienccs, on^orrdiiir in our Miads.i C^'We re* 
Ae&y that jforl/x, for E7/; H^ bore . tl^i* atoazing 
'Torment $ and not fmite our Sr^aftsj, or be psdwA 
at our very Souls i 

u •• • -. N Z ,, •• ,;, . If, 






If) by SLcpcmance, Yon mean a thorough Rmin-^ 
tUttUn of alt Iniquity \ no Motive is fo effefhial, to 
divotxre tUe Heart froia every abominable Idp], and 
divert the Feet from cv^ry evil Way, a$ an attentive 
Conftderation of our R £ D £ £ M £ R's Death.-^ 
Whofe Indignation does not rife againft the infar- I 

mous Wretch^ that betrayed the blefled JESUS f 
Who i$ not ready to deteft tbofe invenomed 
Tongues, which accufed Him 5 a^d thofe barba- 
rous Hands, which cruoified Hitti? Yet our LuAs 
were, mote guilty, in this Refped, than Judas at 
the J^%tfs. Our Lufts and evil Deeds were the prifH' 
etpalA&c^s in ^s deepeft of Tragedies : How then 
can We careis ;, how can Wc entertain j yea, how 
can We endure Uiofe execrable Iniquities, \^hich 
were th Burayirs and Murderers ofthe PRINCE 
of Life?— ^/6 biire ^ur Sins in bis ^to/r, bleedings • 
Hgdnizing Body on tbi Tnt ; not that We ibou)4 
l>e emboldened to repeat them, but incited to abr 
}ior them^ and induced to forfake diem. That, ifl 
our Pra<aice and our AfFeftions,. Wc fhould b^ 
averfc, be even ^^T ;e^ 5/» *• 
^ If You would have Bemvolevu^ your. fawUritf 
Principle, tafce (^lace and operate ; it is hnpoiSble to 
Urge fo endearing a Perfuafive to univerfal Good"^ 
will, as this Kindnefi and Love of GOD our Sjf? 
flO UR t' How can We iiwlulge the Sallies of 
R^ntiftenty or' harbour the Seeds of' Ammofity^ 
when the ifteek, the merolfOil, the infinitely graoiQut 
R £;!>/£ EM ik, iftid^own his Life ioK bis tlii- 
y^ Mkamsf How can We tr^t with Contempt 
4ft»-ilidilKr«iioe^ «vet» the meamjidi JldanHptd; Unce 
9ur Divine MAST£R gave bis all-^glprious Per^ 

• I Pet. ii. «4. t Tit- ixi. 4. 

D I A LOG UK IV,^ i^r 

fim, f or the yHeA Wmtkes mi molt miferabfo 
Skineis i^^^tw mu ifasre io winning a Call to 
iHfintferdli^d Charity, '«b th« amiable £xai&)>k ^ 
CHRIS T. Ncv«r fo tiiiding a Cement of bto^ 
!|? dvirljr I^ove, as 4iit Blood of the crucified JE- 

In tkt)tt I m<3}M You tiav^ P^opk t>bffeifed 4)1 
every heavenly Virtue^ and animated i& the Pr ae^ 

* tice of every good Work? l^othing adttifarifleri lb 
fx>werfttl an Indtem^nt ^a diemii^l, as a Uvely, and 
fofpr^riating Senfe ^f tkis ^ivsondetoas Grace. S^ 
homt iy khfc JSFOir G&OST^ i$ produces fuoli 
i vrivOL Gratitude, and I&ich a Heart«ftlt Jc^;, ssis 
-are £u: xaore opemitiv^, than «)ie mo% awftil Threat- 

^ xningS) or. the moft t^^ent Reafoiungs.--^So tliat» 

^ -cpiite contrary to your Sufjpicions, the native Ten-- 

'^ o^ncy of this excellent Do^n^,- is^ to foppreft 

'" Ungodlineft, and pnxaote Piety. 

^ Obferte the iprefent cdlm Evening, yonder ^nild 

^ ddedtijnng Son, and tbefe tok iiimy Breezes, How 

I* theyfanre unlocked the flowery Prifons, and pouMxl 
•n Pr^ti/b» itfUJ^urs tfarou^ the Air. $loW liiey 

^ have infpirited the little Songfters fit the Gvovs, 

^ tttnd fetched iavlfti HarmtOOf from their Thitmt^. 

* fioiweedy ivilla tmqihftief in fE^SVlS CHRIST 
^ N 3 and 


* . Tlie Reader mll^ve^e Leare, on thli Occafion, 

* . tp rubjoin the noble Doxology of our Church. Wticji, 

' When t)iQ3 applied, may be an excellent Means, both bf 

f ^expfMnfuvit Gtatitttde, atid of qaick^ning our ber^ 

I yimu'^-^iiC^ ^^to4bf iFgirS^Jtt io^ipfovittngthisai}* 

fufficient -Atonement, and j;ivinf Ms SO^ to ikirea 

^ rained World. -^-G/^ry^r io tSe JSvN; for humbling Efim- 

'Mfto the©cath of the Croft, and obtaining tternal Rfc* 

Aanption for Sinners.— G/crr ^ ^o the HOLT GHOSTi 

for teftifyiijjT of CHRIST in our Hearts, apd appro^ 

priating thi» ^rc;(t Salvation to ottr (||bb* 

tS2: D.I A L O G U E IV. 

and Hiin crucified, draw forth all the Powers of the 
Soul, in A£is of ready and chearful Obedience.—* 
He is therefore' faid, : not <wdy to juftify, but alfo 
to fanSfify the People with bis Blood*. . » 

Let Us cpnfider the Death of CHRIS T, in this 
its full Grandeur and extenfive Efficacy j and We 
(hall diicern the admirable Propriety of the Apoftle's 
Remark : // became Himy for whom are all Things^ 
and by whom are all ThingSy in bringing many Sons unt9 
Gloryy to mate thf CAPTAIN of their Salvation 
perfelf through Sufferings \i It became; as an 
A^ of Sovereignty in GOD, it comported with the 
Dignity, and. emblazoned (if I may fo fpeak) the 
incomprehenfible Majefty of all his Perfeftions.— *< 
As an Execution of impartial Vengeance on our 
S U R E T Y, it afferted the Rights of divine Gq- 
vernmcnt, ahd.fecured'the utmoft Veneration to 
the divine Law.— r* As an Emanation of rich InduU 
gence to Us, it redrefled all our Mifery, and retrieves 
our whole Happinelfs. — In each^ in every Refpedt, it 
claims the moft grateful and adoring Acceptance 
from finful Man ; it will bc.had in everlafting Ho^ 
nour, by the Choirs of Saints, and the Hofts of 
Angels; and it is worthy of that high Encomium 
from JEHOVAH Himfelf, in this I AM well 

.PLEASED. ^ . 

TJ^r. i thartfc You, Afpajio. Your Arguments 
have not indeed converted me, but they haveftrengtl\- 
ened my Faith. I never was fo unliappily miftaken, 
as to difbelieve the Satisfaction made by our LORD 
JESUS CHRIST; made to divine Juftice; made 
[jTor the Sins of the^ World. But, 1 now fee mote 
' clearly 

* Heb. ^. 12. f Heb. il. lo. 

^ dijlVog u e ir: vsj 

clearly its Reafonablehefs and Importance; its 
chearlng Afpetfl on the guilty Confcience, and its 
benign Agency on the moral^ConduSt. 

Afp. I congratulate my dear Theron^ on his 
thorough ConviiSiion of this important Truth. 
May He be favoured with. more enlarged and m* 
ftrudlive Views of the fundamental Article ! And 
may every renewed View be more .and more in- 
fluential on his Heart ! r 
It is wonderfully '|>lea(ing, to mark the- Procefs 
of Vegetation, in this" opening Sea(on of the.Ycar« 
How the Hedges begin to bud : how the Bud fwells 
upon the admiriiig Sight, and ventures farther into 
the invitiqg Air : how the chearing Qreen expands 
itfelf more and more, and is continually upon the 
iadvancihg Hand.! Till it throws a Robe of Vet* 
dure, over Plants and Trees, .over Hills and Vales, 
over all the Surface of the Earth. So, niay o\\t 
Views of the ihcarjiate GOD, and pur Faith; in 
his grand Atonement, be always pirQgrei^v.e, an4 
always operative ! Till they have difFufed their In-f 
fluence through .the whole Soul ; have refined the 
whole TemJ)er j ^nd be^^utified all pur Convert 

This is -the Way, thefe Views of the incarnate 
GOD, and his great Atonement, to evangelical,, 
Holinefs. And is it not -tli'e Way- of Peace an4 
Pleafaritnefs ? Reviving," rofviO^fng Thonght ! Tq 
have HIM for our bjeediqg VhSfimJ HIM fo^. 
our great Propitiation! ^t whofe Feet the Armies 
of Heaven bow, and the Saints ip Ifight adore !— ? 
Reviving, raviihing Thought ! Tq, have {ill our 
Punifliment Aiftained, and the whole Curfe of the 
]tf^)y exhaufted ^ fo that Juftice itfelf can dem^(t 

• " ■■ N4 m 

fU D 1 A L O G U E ir. 

fi6 more UtM^Nay -, to hav)e /o '{ferf^ a Rftnfom paid 
for k>ur Redemptioh, that it is not iareiy an A£t 6f 
favourable Indulgence, but o^ Truth and Equity * 
fldfo, to |yardbn, accept, and glorify the Believer ! 
«^In SUCH a Method of R^ccmi^iliationy how fultf 
does the Judgment acquiefge 1 How fecfurely ma^ 
|fae Confcience reft ! 

Excufe me. Therm. My ASe&ions are again 
upon the Soar. But I clip their Wings .«*^Only let 
Ine a(k. It not this Do6lrine the gtand Peculiarity 
cS the Gofpel \ by which it ilahd$ diftingurfiied 
^rom every tjihor Religion^ jprofefled in thfc Wcn-ld f 
♦—Is- it not the eentral*Pein^ in which rill thfe Lines 
ctf Duty unite, and from whtcb all the Rays of Gon« 
inflation probsed f-^Strilde this Article from the 
GKed, 9Ad You reduce the Myftery of -Gbdlixtth 
to a Syiftcm of 'Ethics : You degrade the Chriftian 
Cfcurch ijrto a School /of moral PhiIofophy.*-*TQ 
deny thb £»piation roadely our R£D££M£R^^ 
fMri^ei^ is to -obfcure the* brighte^ JUahiJStfiati^n of 
di^ne fiehi^it^ and to undermisre the principal 
PiUdr of .pra^icdl Relig1<nl ; is to make a defperat&i 
Shipfwreck of our everlaftin^ Interefts^ and dafii 
Qurfclvcs to death, on the very Rock of Salvatim^ 


Jlfi^./ptgi^iVs'AtnrSfmt i Johi i. 9. FaitB^uU 't>eca«(<f 
jie hadjproijiifcd this Blefling, ^xy the qnariimous Voice 
©f all his Prophets,— ^i;y?/ Surely then He will tujiijh ! 
No^; for this v«?ry Reafoii He will pardon i-^lTms may 
fi^em (lt«nge : b^t, upon ^^e evangelical Principles of 
^^onement and Redeinpl^on, it \\> apparently tr^. Be- 
caufe, when the Debt is paid, or the Purchafe made, i^ 
is th'cTjirt of Equity to cancpl the Bond, ^d deliv^; llj 
<te pftfcli»fe4 fofl'(^on, 

/ ♦ 

7%fr. Ntcv^ I bditnre, )it b Thfie to fdpak iten6>» 
wards. And I hbpip^ it wiU t>e nx> difagreeable £^ 
Idimge tt^mj J^pafia^ if We tefign ^^r SeaC-^n ^ 
^. Mouht^ )ft>r ji Phrce tit fhe-Dihiiig-FOoiii. ^ 

' j^- Erdiy, let m€^f Uirc^ ^ We walk aloag (iar 

I was unwilling to interrupt our Dlfcourfe^ tacf^ 
to ;grat}ftr my Ooriaffif y ) W4iat ih&y b^ tlie i>$^ of 
yoibAcf 'B^fUf^i Whklk ififeB cm a ((mail Eauuencib 
«>efiw^ the public Road ? It is /neither a Tower^ nor'^ 
jdwelling^bo)ire$ -tmt teok>9 like ^a ftately GolttBil^ 
^feOsi *oh ipuii>ofe . to •bcautif^T *^^ Pro^ft. > ' ^ 
9^; lt4€ aftrt'oFimoritHRental Pil«. £f(i(9Mi^ 
^th^)StorJr^e$, dn^Very fliMnt>rabkO<»Mifi€Bi8^ 
Qnhtn rSibtwr accon^iaBted 'Ktaig Sikbm^ fie Sit^ 
lo (Vfaat ^as^»Hed ) ^he IM^ W&r« |n ^^(^kich 'ife 
^fl^d'figniij Adr^AtUa^es oVer the Iiifidek, rand «a^ 
quired a large Share of Renown to >Hi*iiftW. tAifr 
)«r4iii9hyc^tiiitt &Qp}|>fts f^esfofnted ^ the.f^tid, 
H'tf^aohorbbs and dd^s'^ Sarttten^ beiitg fMlmkt«i 
jftlorkis Chfinifoen, tiniSiel' Pretence of '{urii^ate^liln 
nefs> woofided flim ^v^idi an ift^pbKbkdd JSktij^gatt 
The Cdnfeq^Hoe of wHtoh, )ti6 Phyfidatede^kcBCi^ 
l^uft bis^inibyiiaibb and i^edy BeatH^^unkfi tbe Rol* 
ibn was fucked out by fome human Mouth. This 
might poffibly preferve the roys^l Patient, but would 
be extremely dan^rotis to t1^ iSperator, 
. ' 'i>an^W)«ffe' ^fe It ^as, hte Q«ei!ti ta»{?r«H tl© CW- 
iRte; infiftfed uj^on it, as the Cdftfoft^ 3R3gWi iftf 
jexecuted it Jo faithfully^ t'hat She lavei the ISTjug^ 
Life.; ioiiappHyi^ t)isit!Shejloft-n<ot'her'OW«ii**^A^B^ 
this. She returned to England ; • VmtA ^Ms^ IPff^-^ 
^nd bore feveral Cfltfar^iir B&t, fhm^r ^r later, 
{loyalty itfelf -ftittft pay the Debt to Naturt , Dying, 



•n a Journey to Scotland^ She was brought back to 
•ifce Itik and long Home of .our Englijh Monarchs *• 
WTiere-ever her Corpfe refted, iii the Way to its 
int^ntiefit, a Stru<aufe f (fttcb as You now behold^ 
'was raifed : as a public Teftimony to her Merit, 
land in order io perpetuate tbf Memory of her conjugal 
'Affe&ion^ '■ 

' AJp^ And fliould not our H^rts be a Mtmument 
of Gratkude to the blefled JESUS? Who drew 
the deadly Venom, not from our Veins, but from 
the immortal Part of our Nature : ^d not at the 
Hazard<» but at the Lofs, the certain and unavoid*- 
Me Lofe of hi» own moft precious Life.-r-^He opened 
ins Breaft, opened his very Soul^ to the keeneflTAr- 
rows of vindidive Juftice^ that, transfixing Hifn-, 
they might drop fhort of Us, ♦* The Poifon whereof 
*^ drank up his Spirits J," that the Balm of Peac^ 
liiight refrefli wr^. 

O my'Theron f Let our Memories be the Tablet^ 
to record this unexampled Inftande of Compaffioil 
ftnd Goodnefs^ Let our Affefliions dwell upon the 
tragical^ the delightful Hiftory ; till they are in- 
flamed with Love, and melt into Contrition.— If 
We want an Infcripfion^ let Us make ufe of thofe 
* . - . noble 

• Weftmnfter Ahhej. 

J f Oike of thefe Struaores (lands on the high Rojad, 
aear Northampton^ It is farrounded with a large Flight 
of StepSy at the Bottom ; and ornamented, towards the 
Top, with four female Statues, iii full Proportion. A 
Leaim Infcription informs . the Traveler, concerning its 
Occafion and Dei]|p ; 

' In perpetKom conjugaUs Amoris 
. Hoc Regina Eleanora Montmentum, . > 

I Job vi. 4, 








jnoble Lines, which, in the fineft Climax ima|gi£- 
able, defcribe the Magnificence and Gxace of t^ 

moft aftoniihing TranfaAion : ''*\ 

> Survejt th4 fV9a4ra$if Curei ^ 

And at each Step let higher Wonder rife. 

Pardon for infinite Offence 1-^ And Pardon 

Through Means that fpeak its Valiu infimut 

A Pardon bought with Blood fy^-With Bl^dSmufr* 

With BUod divine of HI M^ ImademyFoil^ ^ 

Perfijled to provoie /-^Though wmfd and dufd^ 

Bleji and chaps' dj a flagrant BM JOH-^ 

Nor I alone ! A rebel Vmverfe I ^ * 

My Species up in Arms ! — Noi one exempt I 

Yetfbr the fouleji cf the Foul^ He £es^f 

• Night-Thoiights, N*IV- 

DI A^ 


'SPAS^IO, liaviiig ibme Letters ,of 
Importance tq anfwer^ as foon as the 
iClbth was taken aw^y, retired frottv 
I T^tr!e.-*^His ifepiftolary Engagements 
bfeipg difpatched, he enquired for The-' 
r*«. The Servants 'informed Hhn, that their Maf» 
ter walked into the Garden.— A very little Search 
found Him, feated on an airy Mount, and fbcltered 
by an elegant Arbour. 

Strong and fubftantial Plants of Liburnum formed 
the Shell ; while the'flfenaer and flexije Shoots of 
Spinga filled, tip the Imerfticcs.-^Was it to com- 
pliment, as wen as to «ECCOfti9»oAate their worthy 
Guefls, that the ShT:?ibs irtterwove the luxuriant 
Foliage ? Was it to repref^nt thofe tender but clofe 
Attachments, which had united their Affeftions, 
and ble-iidid their Interefts ?-^I will not too pofitively 
afcribe fuch a Defign to the Difpofition of the 
Branches. They compofed, however, by their 
twii^irig Embraces, no inexpreffive Emblem of the 
'^naearnients and the Advantagei of Friendfhip, 
They compofed a Canopy, of the frefheft Verdure, 
5 ^ jind 


D I A L O G tJ £ I V; if^ 

and oif the tWckcft Texture. Sc^^t*?«fc v *ftt' It <m 
tJrely- excluded the fiiltf y-Rtt]r * j^ and fted^oA « 
€ool Refcefement, - and an atwifive Gleom r wh^ 
every iKiflieltei^d Trad, glared with Light, ©f 
feinted with Heat. 

You enter by an ^afy Afcent of Step, Kitetl w^ 

Turf, and fenced, with aBriuftrade ^ fl©pmg Biifi 

trees, — ^The Roof^wa^ a ftn&Coneave, peeuiiarfy ele»* 

rated and ftately. • Not embofled with Sculpture ; 

not mantled over with fret-work ; but far more 

delicately adorned with the Syringa*s ;fikr^ ^^^ 

and the Liburnupi*^ flowering GM* Whpfe l^^ 

and lovely Cljuft^r?*. gra9iefi,iUy p^.^t from *f 

leafy Dome \ difciofing their Sweets to the delighted 

Bee J' and gently waving ^o the b^aj^y ^fcat^-of 

1. SpriAg 4 gave tb«; litmoft Enrkhme At tq jtih^' chsW 

^ ' iflgB^wer, . * . . 

I jPacing the Entrance, lay a fpaoioi» grafljc Walk| 

I terminated by an oftangular gafon, with a curious 

' J^Z/JS^pUyi^agintheCe^r- Th^W^t^fpi^^ 

ning'from the lower Ori^ic^, were, atiteoiiatipd ifint 

I fnnum^able little Thyeads \ wliioh dii^erf^ &e)ii- 

•"V feJives in ajx horizpntajt Ptrcftipn, . and retiirhed; t?g[ 

I tb^ R/jfcrvw in a drizling Shower* Thpfe, whojisdi^ 

I iiued frppi the higher Tubes, and lai^ger Apei^tmes^' 

eithet iprung perpendicularly, or fpouted obliquely^ 

amd fgroiedv ^ they fed, fevcral Xofiy Archek o£ 

Uqjjid Crf ftal j *ll glittering im ttfi JEy<^ mA isv/* 

I wg^totheAfp. *' 

p-aral W tjO the Walk XV^ a Pmerre 3 pl^nte.4 wit^ 

an Affemblage of Flpwens. Which 'edYi|»{;^v l^nft 

above ftnother,. in regular Gradad$«j ofHeight^. of 

^>!^ty, andof Seauty.-r-Rrft'alievroC-P<J5*J^ 

v/.. I,. . ■'. ■ \.:^: .;.S^ 

- . , * * ^0/// inacctj^um S^iis. V i a c| 


fgfjf 9s the Smile of Youth) and fair as the Virgin 
^nows. — ^Next, a Range of Crocufes^ liice a long 
Stripe of yellow Sattin, quilted with Threads, or 
diveriified with Sprigs of Green. — -A fuperior Order 
of Raminadufesj each refembling the Cap of an 
JCarFs Coronet, replenifhed the third Story with 
fiill-blown Tufts of glofly Scarlet. — Beyond this, 
a more elevated Line of Tulips *y raifcd their 


* Here is, it mail be confefied, fome little Deviatipn 
jfrom the general Laws of the Seafon ; fome Anachronifm 
in the Annals of the Parterre. The Flowers united in 
this Reprefentation, do not, according to the ufucd Pro^ 
ceis of Nature, make their Appearance toietber. How- 
xyer, as by the Oeconomy of a fkJlful Gardener, they 
mwf be thus aflbciated ; I hope, the PofTfbility of the 
Thing, will, fcreen my flowery I*roduftions from the 
Blafts of Cenfure ! — Or, may I not ihelter my blooming 
/.(Tembly,. nnder the Remark of a mafterly Critic? * 
Which is as pertinent to the Cafe, as if it had been writ- 
ten on purpofe for our Vindication ; and in all refpeds 
io elegant y that it muft adorn any Work, which quotes 
it f and charm every Perfon, who reads it« 
. ** A Painter of Nature is not obliged to attend Her ia 
<* her flow Advances, which ihe makes from, one Seafon 
•* to. another ; or to obierve her Conduft in the fucceffive 
* Production of Plants and Flowers. He may draw into 
'^ his Defcriptton all the Beauties of the Spring and Aur 
*« tumn; and make the whole Year contribute lomething 
i* to render it more agreeable. His Rofe-trees, Wood- 
<*- bines, and JefTamines may flourifh together; and his 
•• Beds be covered at the fame Time with Lilies, Violets, 
'* and Amaranthufes. His Soil is not retrained to any 
** particular Set of Plants, but is- proper either for Oaks 
«« ot Myrtles, and adapts itlelf to the Pfodudl of every 
<* Climate.'— rOranges may grow wild in it ; Myrrh may 
•« be met with in every Hedge ; and if He thinks it.proi 
M per to have a Grove of Spices, He can quickly com- 
^* . mand Sun enough to raife it. His Concerts of Birds 
'* may be as full and harmonious, and his Woods as 
r ' ■ '*• ' ,. <* thick 


D I A L Otj. U Ei Y. ^91 

fkAirUhed Heads, ahd'^opmed their enalbeledCups; 
r4iot bedecked With a fiilgle Tint onljr, but glowing 
• -with an intermingled Variety of radiant Hues.«— 
J Above all afofe, that aoble Ornament pf aro]ral 

Efcutcheon, ^^Flower-de-Luc^ \ bright wi^h etfaio- 
t rial Blue, and grand with imperial Purple, Whkh 

\ formed, by its graceful Proje£kion3> i Cornifli or a 

-Cstpital ^f mote than Corinthian Richnefs ; and im- 
parted the moft confummate B^^auty to the blqoiB- 
ing Colonade, 

The Whole, viewed from the Arbour, looked 
.like xRainbetOj painted upon the Gipund^. And 
' Wanted nothing to rival that refplendent Arch, onljr 
•theBoldnefs of its S$veep,and th^^Adxsmit^g^ of its 
'•rnamen^al Curve, • . • 

, To thFs agreeable Recefs Theron had withdrawn 
Himfelf. Here He fat mufing arid thoughtful ; with 
his Eye fixed uj^on a PiSure, reprefenting feme 
J ^magnifiient Ruins, — ^Wholly intent upon his Specu- 
lation, He never perceived the Approach of Afpafio ; 
till He had reached the Summit of the Mount, and 
■was .ready to take a Seat by his Side. 

' •■ 4fh 

'* thick and gloomy, a9 He pleafes. He is at no more 
** Bxpence in a long^Viftc, than a fliort one; and can as 
** eafiiy throw his Cafcades from a Precipice of half a 
" Mile high, as from one of twenty Yards. He has hit 
;^' Choice of. the Winds^ and can tarn theCourfe of his 
** Rivers, in all the Variety ^^ Meanders ^ that are moft 
** delightful to the Reader's Imagination. In a Word; 
*^ He has the Modeling of Nature in his own Hands 
*^ and may give Her what Charms He pleafes, provided 
<' Hexloej not reform her too much, and ran luto Ab» 
*^ fttrditic» by endeavouring to excel/' 

. Sfea. Vol. VI. N041&. 

^5? B 1 A L O G U E V- \ 

A^. Loft, 7hsP$nf' fdtp loft ia t*h©uglu { Ani 
unaffiti^eii wk^ all thefe amiaftte Ob}e£U^; m&nfible 
wttidft thifrProAifion of Beauties; which, fpom eVety 
QuapteF, make theit CeuFt to youf Senfes !«-rMd^ 
l^nks^ tfc« ftiarling ey««^ «* ^^^ Tub *^ ceuU 
hawHy put en a greater Severity of Afpeft^ than my 
ipolite PhiIoibph€jt in hi^ blooming Ederh 
-. 9'%w^ AH! fny dear Friend, thefe floi^ceiy^lroj^s 
wbfclt embellt:(b ^(be Ga^n^ a^e fimiSar to hv^ 
Eye, and therefore i:heap in my £fteem% I be^^pld 
them fiie<}tt€ntly; and, for that- Reason, feel but 
Little of the pleafing S^ri(b, w|ii€li^ thef may pof- 
fibiy awakdii ift a Strang^ri-— Som^hing like this 
We all ©xperiettee, frith negard to Events- infiBitefy 
mart worthy our admiring Notiefe. £lfe, why are 
We not ftruck with a Mixture of Amazement, 
VenerariiAn^ ^ Dctigkt, at the gr^4 M^feipery 
1^ mi^ificenl Produ£Hpn$ of Natura ? 

ThgttheHan4qftbe Al^MIGfiTY ihould 
wiiejel rojii^d the vaft. t^rf<?ftrial.<5W?«j with fvc^ 
jtrad^icw J?^^i%^. ^i^fexaxjl. Pun^ft^^ty^i o^ g^gv 
jiofe to fpoducc the regujar Vicf^tu(j5« pf Dagf ?«it# 
Night ; on purpofe t9 bring ofi the qrdfrjy SuccejC- 
fion of Seed-time and Harveft !— We wonder, when 
we read of the Ifraelitesy fojourning forty Years in 
the Defart^ marching. backward an4 forward qv?f 
ita burning Sand^ *^ a^ iin^ i^^ith^f theif Clothes 


• Z>/V^wtfA— Whofe Houfe, Wc are told, was a Tub*; 
and hi& whole Farmtare^ a Staft', a Leathern Bag» aiid 
a Wooden Cup. At this- curio«>s Manfion, Alextmder ihi 
/Gria$j attended with his Courjtiere, made 'the Philofb* 
phep a Vifit. The Monarch, having fahited Him in the 
-Bion* obliging Manner^ aiked. If He wanted any Thing t 
Tes\ replied the Cynic, th^ Hkn <vo€uld» fiand a iHih out 
4f^tk^ Sunjhiftts $md mt. taki atvaj fwkat yau cannot gw» 

I> I A L O G U E V- 19^ 

waxing old * by fo long a Ufe, nor their Feet fwell^ 
ing f with fuch painful Journies. Yet- we are nei- 
ther imprefled with Wonder, nor afFexEled with 
Gratitude, while We enjoy the Benefits of the Jirj 
which clothes the Earth as it were with a Garment : 
which has neither contra6led any noxious Taint, 
through the extenfive Revolution of almofl: fix 
thoufand Years ; nor fuffered any Diminution of its 
natural Force, though exercifed in a Series of un- 
remitted Aftivity, ever fince the elementary Opera- 
tions began. 

This Draught in my Hand, fhews Us the Infta- 
bility of the granc'eft, moji labouhd Monuments of 
human Art. They are foon fwept away, among the 
other feeble Attempts of Mortality : Or remain only, 
-as You fee Here, in fhattered Ruins ; Memorials of 
the varn and powerlefs Ambition of the Builders.— 
How ftrange then, that a Struflure, incomparably 
more tender and delicate, fhould be preferved to old 
Age-t and hoary Hairs ! That the bodily Machine, 
which is fo exquifite in its Frame, fo complicated in 
its Parts, and performs fo many Thoufands J of Mo- 

* Deut. viii. 4. f Neh. ix. 21. 

X Thoufands — Not to mention the fpontaneouf, if We' 
confider only the mechanical Motions, which are can-- 
tinually performed in the animal Syftem — the digefliye 
Aftion of the Stomach — the vermicular Agitation of the 
Bowels — the Progrefs of the Chyle through the lacteal 
Veflels — the many, many Operations of the fecreting 
Glands — the Compreffion of the Lungs, and all their little- 
cellular Lodgments, by every Aft of Refpiration — above 
all, that grand Imjpetus, the Syftole of the Heart ; which', 
by every Conftridion, darts the crimfon Current through 
an innumerablrMultitude of Arteries ; and drives, at the 
fame Inftant of Time, the refluent Blood through an in- 

Vol. L • O numerable 


tions every Moment, fhould continu<e unimpaired^ yet 
aft without IntermifEon, fo many Days, and Weeks, 
^ndMonths, and Years. — How ftrange all this ! Yet, 
becaufe common, how feldom does it excite our 
Praife, or fo much as engage our Notice [ 

jffp. Your Remarks are as juft, as the Negleft 
of them is cuftomary. — Unaccountable Supinenefs ? 
Though GOD doeth great Things^ worthy of all 
Obfervation ; yea^ and Wonders without Number : 
We yawn with Indolence, inftead of being animated 
with Devotion, or tranfported with Delight. Lo f 
He goeth before [Zf, in evident Manifeftations "of 
Wifdom and Power,, yet We fee Him not : He paffeth 
on alfoy and fcatters unnumbered Bleffings from his 
.providential Hand, but We perceive Him not/*. 

This, though greatly culpable, is to be reckoned 
among the fmallej^ Intk^mces of our ungrateful Infen- 
fibility. — Are We not inattentive even to the Work 
of Redemption ? That Work, which, according to 
the emphatical Declaration of Scripture, exceeds in 
Glory t» Is by far the greateft, the mpft marvelous 
of all fubl unary, perhijps, of all -divine Tranf- 

The Sea has been divided ; the Dead havp been 
raifed : a World has been created y created out of 
•nothing ; created oftly by a Word. But what are 
all thefe Miracles, eompafcd with the Incarnation 
of the eternal GOD ? And of this matchlefs Mi- 
racle have We not been carclefsy unmoved Spefta- 


numerable Multitude of cofrefpottdiAg Viei^s— Such ar 
View will oblige Us to acknowledge, that Theron^i Ac- 
count is far from being extraragant : tha* it rather di-^ 
min{f^:>af thiin exaggerates the real Faft. 

*" Job its lo. If. t 2 Cor.- i3. f. 


tots ? Have We not admrred manjr a trifliiig Inci- 
dent, more, far more than thia Wohddrful Oifpen- 
tion of Grace ?— O Tberon f Are We not fliame-* 
^lly unafFeftcd, even though the KING of Kings 
vouchfafes to exchange his Throne, for the loW 
Eftate of 3 Servant, ^nd tb^ curfcd Death of a Ma-^ 
lefeaor ? Though He }» pteftfed> by the Imputation 
iif his a6kive as Well m pailiv^ Obedience, to be-- 
tdme The L OR D cur RighMufmfiy yet— 

Thir. You arc taking an cffedaal Way, Affajk^ 
to roufe me from my Reverie, and make me indedd 
like the fnarling Philofcpher. <* Imputed Rightj>^ 
*^< oufnefis i& a Scheme grofly frivolous and abfufd ; 
*« Utterly infufRcicnt to anfv^Fer the End propofcd.; 
'^ and. One would think, ^oUld never be depeiided 
** on, where there is the leaft Degree of Under- 
" ftandirtg, and Capacity for Reaftjning */' 


• The Reader will probably ^ diigufted, at this Heat 
of Temper, this Afperity 6f iJiftiOn, arid both fb abruptly 
introduced.-^I have no Apology to inike for my Theren. 
The Roadies has ReaToti td bo difgufted \ has Reafon (o 
be chagrined. Only let me defire Him to remember. 
That this is the Very Spirit, nay thefe are the <very Words^ 
of a celebrated Oppofer of oar DoArine ; not added, 
when He has fully proved i^t, Abfurdity of the Scheme; 
tut aflumedi even upon the Entrance i6 his DifcoUrfe. 

I have often wondered, that E^ifputants, efpecially pn 
religious Subje^s, llioiild choofe to deal in (Uch acfim^" 
nious and reproachful Language. t)oes the Wrath cf Man 
nuori the Righteou/ne/s 0/ GOD F Or, is a pafflonate In- 
VeAive the proper Means, either to conciliate our AlFec* 
tions, or convince our judgment? — Why (llould We il6t 
".'jrite in the fame genteel and obliging Strain, in' t^^hich 
"VVe ccTfuerfeF Were We to meet our Antagoiiift irt a 
Friend's Parlour, and haye a perfonal Conference on tie 
Subjeft, our Speech would oe kind, aad our I(tfrtio|i- 
ilrances calm/ — *' I am forrv, Sirj that You havd eljJotlftd 
O t «« fuch 


AJp. Who is warm now. Therm ? May I not re- 
mind my Friend, that the Refentful is no more fitted 
to work Conviction, than the Rapturous ? — Perhaps, 
You have not duly confidered this Subjeft j nor {t^n 
it in the proper Point of View. I have fometimes 
beheld a Ship of AVar, feveral Leagues off at Sea. It 
feemed to be a dim cloudy Something, hovering on the 
Skirts of the Horizon 5 contemptibly mean, and not 
worthy of a Moment's Regard. — ^But, as the float- 
ing Citadel approached, the Mafts arofe ; the Sails 
fwelled out ; its ftately Form, and curious Propor- 
tions, ftruck the Sight. It was no longer a fhape- 
lefs Mafs, or a Blot in the Profpeft, but the Maf- 
ter-piece of human Contrivance, and the noblefl Spec- 
tacle in the World of Art. 

Who knows, Theron^ but this facred Scheme 
likewife, which You now look upon as a eonfufed 
Heap of Errors, may very much improve, when 
more clofely jexamin^d.: . May, at length, appear 
, a wife and benign Plan ; admirably fitted to the 
Condition of our fallen Nature; ancl perfeftly 
worthy, of GOD to ordain, of Man to accept. 


** fucL Notions. They feem to me, extremely wrong 
** and equally dangerous. I am apt to think, 'You have 
** not duly confidered, either the little Ground, they 
** have to fupport them ; or the pernicious Confequences, 
•* that may attend them." 

Why fhould not our Coritroverfics from the Prefs be 
carried on, with fuch a candid zxi^ amicable Strife ? This 
would certainly render them, more pleafing to the Rea- 
der ; more profitable to the Public ; and much more like- 
ly to have their defired Eftedl upon our Opponent. — For 
my Part, I admire the Humanity and Tendernefs of the 
Poet's Refolution ; even more than the Boldnefs pf his 
. Figures, or the Beauty of his Expreffion ; 

• Tu Lafides Icqueris^ ego byjfma Verba reponam^ 

D I A L O G U E V. 197 

Tber. I know not what may happen, Afpafio. But 
there feems to be very little Probability of fuch a 
Change. For, though my laft Opposition was a 
mock Fight ; in my prefent Objedions, I am very 
Jmcere.-^To go, by an imputed Righteoufnefs, to 
\ Heaven ! To obtain Honour and Immortality, by 
the Obedience of Another! Who can credit fuch. 
Chimeras ? Who can fwallow fuch Camels ? 

When fuch Doftrines are ferioufly advanced, I 
cannot forbear recollefting the Scheme of Bifhop 
JVilkins, Who would perfuade Us (good Man!) 
to fail or ride Poft, not to our Neighbours on the 
other Side of the Tweedy not to our Colonies, on 
the other Side of the Globe ; but to our Friends and 
Allies in the Moon. And this fame Voyage or 
Journey we are to perform, by the Help of fome 
Machine ; to be conftru<Sled, I cannot tell where ; 
to be managed, no body knows how. — " Ay 5 fays 
" an arch Lady; All this would be. very pretty. 
** But pray, Dodor, what fhall We do for Lodg- 
*♦ ing and Pfovifions by the Way ?" 

Jfp, Don't you remember the Reply to this ironi* 
cal Queftion ? — "We will call, fays the DoiSlor, at 
" one of your Ladyfliip's Caftles. Which, for our 
** Angular Conveniency, you have been, thefe 
*< many. Years, building in the Air." — Every At- 
tempt to enter into Heaven, unlefs it be founded 
on the Righteoufnefs of CHRlSTy I will venture 
tQ call Building pajiles in the Air, And, if I may 
retort your own Simile, not a \yhit lefs chimerical, 
than the Whim of traveling to the Moon, with all 
this Luggage of Flefli and Blood. 

But I; befeech you, let Us difcard Irpny^ as well 

as Whim. Turn them* both out of the Court, If 

O 3 ji 



a Jury is impanelled, to try me and my DoArine^ 
I ihall certainly except againft Irony. Generally 
fpeaking. He '\$ iieithei: a gocd Map, nor a true^ 
According to the beft of my Remembrance, You 
Yourfelf confented to fet Him afide in this Debate. 
Let Us therefore, not affed what is fmart, but 
urge what is foifd. 

Ther. Agreed. The Notion of a fubftituted and 
vicarious Righteoufnefs, is abfurd even to common 
Senfe, and to the moid: natural and eafy Reflec-* 
tions of Men. 

JJ^j It may pot, my dear Friend, agree with our 
natural Apprehenfions ; nor fall in with the Method, 
which fFe might have d^vifed, for the Salvation oJF 
Mankind. But this is the Voice of Scripture, and 
a Maxim never to be forgotten 5 G OD's Thoughts 
are not as aur Thoughts, nor his Ways as our TVays *. 

?< This Notion, You fay, is abfurd even to com** 
<< mon Senfe."-— A Saying, upon which I muft beg 
Leave to put a Query. It was, I own, abfolutely 
beyond the Power of commpn Senfe, unaffifted by' 
divine Revelation, to difiaver this Truth. — I will 
grant farther. That this Bleding infinitely tranfcends^ 
whatever common Senfe has obferved, in all her 
Convcrfe with finite Things.— -But, if I have any 
the leaft Acquaintance with common Senfe, I am 
perfuaded, She will mt. She cannot pronounce it an 
Abfurdity. To this Judge I refer the Caufe. 

And to o^n the Caufe a little, let nie }yft obferve. 
That GOD imputed our Sins to his SON. Why 
eMe is it feid ? Th2(^, at his fecond poming. He 
fhall appear without Sin f. Plainly implying. That, 
at his firft Coming, He appeared with Sin. Not 

indeed - 
• Ifai. Iv. «. + Hcb. ix. 28. 



indeed tommlfted by Him, but laid upon Him, or 
imputed to Him. 

How elfe could the immaculate JESUS be pu- 
niihed, as tke moft inexcufable Tranfgreflbr ? ^- 
tvakej O Swordj againji iht Man that is my Fel/oWj 
faith the LORD ofHq/fp*.—ls not this the Voice 
of a Judge, pronouncing the Sentence, and author- 
izing the Execution ? Or rather, does it not de- 
scribe the Adion of Juftice, turning the Sword from 
Us, and (hcathing it in CHRIST? 

If CHRIST, then, was our Subftitute, with 
regard to pinal Stiff^ering ; why may He not ftand ill 
the fame Relation, with regard to jujlifying Ohe^ 
4ience? There is the fame Reaibn for the one, as 
for the other. Every Argument in favour of the 
former, is equally conclufivti in behalf of the latten . 

Ther. I freely grant, that CHRIST v^zs pu- 
aiifhed in our Stead ; that bis Death is the Expia- 
tion of oW Sin, and our Security from penal Suf- 
fering. But this— 

^Ifp. — will undeniitbly prove, that Sin was im- 
puted to Him ; othennrife He could not trfdy fuffer 
in our Stead, nor be ju/^fy pwniflied at all. ^* And 
^* Imputation, is a^ reafonable and juftifiable in one 
** Cafe, as in the other ; for they both ftand upon 
<* one and the fame Foot ; and for that Reafon, He 
** who throws down one, throws down both." — I 
ihouid by no means have iiiterrupted my Tberon, were 
it not te'Jntroduce this Anfwer from an eminent 
Divine. Who adds, what fliould be very ferioufly 
confidered; ** And therefore, whoever rejefts the 
♦> Dodrinc of the Imputation of our SAVIOUR'j^ 
if Righteoufnefs to Mail, do^s, by fo doing, rejei? 
O 4 "the 

f Zech. xiii. 7* 

400 D I A L O G U E V;^ 

« the Imputation of Man's Sin to our S A V I O U R, 
*^ and all the Confequences of it. Or, in other 
" Words, He who rejefts the Doctrine of the /jw- 
*^ putatioHj 'does, by fo doing, reje6l the Doftrine 
*^ of the Expiation likewife *." 

Ther. I know nothing <»f this Divine ; and, emi- 
nent as He is, can hardly take his Ipfe dixit for a 

Jfp, I was in hopes. You would pay the greater 
Regard to his Opinion, becaufe He is not in the 
Number of the whimfical Fanatics.— rHowever, fay 
I thefe Things as a Man^ or on Man's Authority j 

alone ? Saith not the Law the fame alfo ? Speaking 
of the Peace-offering, the HOLY GHOST has 
declared > Jf any of the Fiejb of the Sacrifice of his 
Peace-offerings he eaten at all on the third Day^ it fhall 
not he accepted^ neither fhall it he imputed unto Him that 
cffereth it f. Hence We learn, That Sacrifices a|id | 

Offerings, .when duly adminiftered, were implied to I 

the Offerer. Imputed to Him, for Reconciliation 
and Peace with GOD. And wherefore? Be- 
caufe, they were Figures of CHRIST^ of his 
Atonement and Righteoufnefs. Which, in like 
manner, are imputed to Sinners, for their Pardon j 

'and Salvation. - I 

Left you fhould think this Proof, being deduced 
from typical Ufagcs, not fufficiently conclufive — I 
would farther obferve 5 That the Imputation of 


* Staynoe 7fpc» Salvation by JESUS CHRIST 
alone. Vol. I. p. 334. — Where the Reader may find feve- 
ral weighty Confiderations, clearly propofed and ftrongly 
urged, for the Explanation and EflabliiluHcnt of thi^ 
j^apital Doftrine. 

f Lcvit. vii. j8. 

p I A L O G U E V, 201. 

CHRIST'S Righteoufnefs, bears an evident Ana- 
logy to another great and acknowledged Truth of 
Religion. We did not perfonally commit Adan^z 
Sin, yet are We chargeable with Guilt, and liable 
to Condemnation, on that — 

Ther, How ! We chargeable with Guilt,, and liable 
to Condemnation, on Account of AdarrCs Tranfgref-^ 
fion ! This an acknowledged Truth ? No ; it is a 
Pofition I muft deny ; I had almoft faid, which I 
cannot but abhor. None other could, in the Eye 
of Juftice and Equity,, be blameable for any Of- 
fence of our firft Parents, but they only, 

Afp. So fays Therony but what fays St, Paul?' 
Yours may be the Voice of natural Reafon, but 
what is the Language of divine Revelation? In 
whom^ that is in Adam^ all have finned, 

Ther, The Words, if I remember right, are— 
For that all have finned. Is it poil^ble, that Afpafio 
fhould forge the Hand, or counterfeit the Seal of 
tbe HOLY GHOST, in order to eftabliih a fa- ' 
vourite Notion ? 

Afp, Impoflible, I hope.— In the Margin, the 
Words are tranflated,. as I have repeated them,, 
For this Interpretation I might contend, as not at 
all incompatible with the original Phrafe *, and as 
moft' precifely fuitable to the facred Argument. E(^' 
(^ Txrxvli? nfAocflov, In thefe Words, the Apoftle af- 
figns a Reafon for the preceding AfTertion, By one; 
M^nf Sin Death came upon all* — It might be replied ; 


* Rom. V. 12. Not to mention the famous Dillinflion 
of EpiSletus^ T» *<p* vifMv, nor the well-known Adagy of 
ffrficd, fjillfof y viti tffaffiv apiro. See Chap. iv. i8. v. 2. 
ot this very Epiftle, Where the Prepofition mt* is nfed 
in J/pafio^s Senfe, 

202 D I A L O G U E V^ 

Is not this ftrange ? Is not this unaccountable ? 
No, fays our facred Difputant ; We account for it 
on this Principle, Becaufe all hdve Jhmed.-^Which 
Sinning, if referred to every One's perfonal Ini- 
quity, would neither <:lear up the Cafe, nor efta- 
biifh the Doftrine. The Reafoning would ftand 
thus ; *« All are liable to Death by the Sin of One, 
«' becaufc all have in their own Condufl: tranf- 
«^ greffed." As this is abfolutely inconclufive, the 
Sentence fliould, if We would preferve the fu!! 
Force of the Argument, be.tranflated, In whom alt 
have finned. But I wave this Advantage. Let the 
Words run into your Mould, and the Tl-anflation 
take your Form. They are equally decifive of the 
Point in Debate. — They afEgn the Reafon^ why 
Death came upon all Men ; Infants thcmfelves not 
excepted : For thaf^ or Inafinuch as^ all have finned. 
How ? Not in their own Perfon. This were utterly 
impoffible. Could the Babe, which received his 
Breath in the Morning, and refigned it at Noon, 
be an aSual TranfgrefTor ? But in that firft grand 
TfanfgrefEon of our federal Head, even the Infants 
of a Day have finned. Which Sin, as it could not 
be a£lually committed by them, muft, according to 
the Tenour of the Apoftle's Arguing, be imputed 
to them. 

Iher. Pray, v/hat do You meln by that ftiff, and- 
to me unintelligible Phrafe, federal Head? 

Jfp\ I mean what Milton celebrates, when He- 
reprefents the Almighty FATHER, thus addreff- 
jtng his eternal SON. 

Be Thou In Adanis Room 

The Head of all Mankindy though Adams Son. 
6 As 

p I A L O G U E V. ^03: 

As in Him perijh all Mm^ fo in Thee^ 
As from a fecond Root^ Jhall he nftar'd 
As many as are reftor^d^ wiihmt Thee none *.' 

I mean what the Apoftic teaches, when He calls 
CHRIS T the fecond Man f, and the 4aji Adam J.— 
The fecond ! The laft I How ? Not in a numerical. 
Senfe. . Not in Order of Time.. But in this RefpeS 
— ^That, as Adam was a public Perfon, and adled' 
in the Stead of all Mankind ; fo CHRIST wzs a 
public Perfon, and a6l?d in Behalf of all his Peo- 
ple — That, as Adam was the frfi general Reprefen- 
tative of this Kind, CHRIST wzs the fecond znd 
the laji : there never was, and^there never will be, 
any other — That, what they feverally did, in this 
Capacity, was not intended to terminate in them- 
felves, but to affe^ as many as they rcfpcdlively re- 
prefented. — This is St. Paul's Meaning, and on this 
the Dodtrine of Imputation is founded. 

TJ^er, If You build the Doftrine on no other 
Foundation, than your own particular Senfe of the 
Apoftle's Words J perhaps, your Ground may prove 
fandy, and treacherous to its Truft. 

Afp. I build it upon my Senfe of the Words, and 
I deduce it from yours, Theron. — But I am far from 
refting the whole Weight of the Caufe upon zfingle 
Text. It is eftabliflied, again and again, in this" 
fame Chapter. — Neither do I wonder at the Preju- 
dices, which You and Others may entertain againft 
the Doftrine. It lies quit^ out of the Road of 
Reafon's Refearches. It is among the wonderful 
Things of G OD's Law. This the infpired Penman 


• Book IIL 285. f I Cor. xv. 47. j i Cor. 
p. 45. 

204 D I A L O G U E V. 

forefaw, and modeled his Difcourfe accordingly. 
Like fome (kilful Engineer, who, though He makes 
the whole Compafs of his Fortification ftrong, yet 
beftows peculiar and additional Strength on thofe 
Parts, -which He apprehends will be expofed to the 
fierceft Attack. So the wife, the divinely wife 
Apoftle, has inculcated, and reinculcated, this 
momentous Point. He has enforced it, with all 
the Affiduity of Zeal ; and confirmed it, by all the 
Energy of Expreffion. — If through the Offence of 
One, manff he dead — T^he Judgment was by One to 
Condemnatio7i—By one Man^s Offence Death reigned 
by One * — By the Offence of Oi'i^y Judgment came 
upon all Men to Condemnation f.— ^That there may 
remain no Poilibility, of miftaking his Meaning, 
or of eluding his Argument, He adds ; By one 
MarCi Dlfobedience MANY were made Sinners J. 

Ther, Sin^ Lam told by a, celebrated Expofitor, 
fometimcs fignifies Punijhment, He farther informs 
me, that We may be faid to fin in Adam^ not by 
the Imputation of his Difobediencc to Us, but by 
becoming obnoxious to thofe Sufferings which were 
due to his Sin. 

. • Ttf «w?—- ^« TB inc.. Signijicaniiffma Repetition Ne 
Peccata per Sitigulos patrata 'videantur potius Morteiry pe-^ 
fer'iffe^ Bengel. — Otx aC'irala* TOT ENOZ, »v' oI«» ^t/yj cn\ 

cevltf XeJeiv» Tli/q cyo^ mct^ayBactC\o<; re A^4»,a 17 oix8Mfyi x«lsypi6)7 ; 
Chrysost. The Apoftk repeats >» and can hardly defift 
frorth fhe one. That, if a Jew fhould afi, 
Honv can the World he fnnjed by the WcU-Dcing of One, or 
hy the Obedience jof CHRIST? Ton' may be able to reply, 
on his own Principles ; Hoio could the World be condemned 
by the E'uil- Doing of One, or the D if obedience c/' Adam ? 

f Rom. V. 15, 16, 17, lb, \ Rom. v. IJ* 


Afp. Then the Apoftle's Reafoning will ftand in 
this Form ; Death ca?ne upon all Meriy for that all 
have Jinned y thzt is, '* Death came upon all Men, 
*' becaufe all have been punifhed : or, an Obnox- 
*' ioufnefs to Punifhment came upon^ll Men, be- 
*' caufe all are become obnoxious to PuniflimGnt." 
A goodly Strain of Argumentation for an unerring 
Writer to ufe. — Surely Gamaliers Pupil would dif- 
claim, much more would CHRIST'S Ambailador 
fcorn, fuch weak and unmeaning Chicanery. He 
mentions Sin and its Punifliment.; but never fo 
much as hints, that they are intended to iignify 'tfw^ 
and the fame Thing. He all along maintains a 
Diftin<Sion between them ; reprefents the former, 
^s the Caufe of the latter, fudgment^ Condemna- 
tion^ Death are owijig to Stn^ Offence^ Difohedience. 
It is by the Imputation of thefe, that We become 
obnoxious to thofe. 

This Account is clear, is natural, and wants no 
' ftrained Criticifms to fupport it. This Account de- 
monftrates the Equity of that providential Gorvern- 
ment, which executes the Sentence of Death, even 
on thofe Defcendents of Adam^\v\io have not finned 
in their own Perfons. It alfo illuftrates the Proce- 
dure of that fovercign Grace, v/hich treats ss righte- 
ous, and intitles to Life, evtn thofe Believers in 
yESUSy who have not oheyed in their own Perfons. 
— What fays our Church ? You have a great Vene- 
ration for the Church of England^ Thrron. 

Ther. I have. But, I fear, my Afpafio has nei- 
ther fo honourable an Opinion of her Worlhip, nor 
fo fteady an Adherence to her Conftitution. Other- 
wife, He would not io highly extol thofd ambitious 
. and canting Hypocrites the Puritans. Who. were 
2 the' 

fto6 D I A L O G U E V. 

the moft inveterate Enemies of our excellent E^ar- 
bliftment, and would have rejoiced in its utter 

' Afp. As to the Puritans *, You will do me the 
Juftice to acknowledge, that I fpeak only of their 
evangelical Ttnets^ abftrafted from all political Prin^ 
ciples. — As to myfelf, your Fears are friendly, but 
I truft they are groundkfs, I would only afk 5 Wha 
are to be deemed the moft affeftionate and faithful 
Sons of their facred Mother ?— Thofe, I prefume^ 
who moft cordially embrace her Dodrines, and moft 
dutifully fubmit to her Precepts. By this Touch- 
ftone let my Fidelity be tried* And for an immedi- 
ate Tryal, be pleafed to repeat her Ninth Article. 

Ther. I cannot fay, that I remember the particuhyr 
Words of any, though I have often read, and very 
much approve them all. 


• As the Puritans have been mentioned, ^once attd 

, again, it may, perhaps, be thought neceflary, that We 
ftiould explain the Term ; by fpecifying the Perfons, to 
whom it relates. — It relates to fuch Authors, as the 

Dr. Onven, with his corre6l Judgmertt, and an im- 
menfe Fund of Learning. — Mr, Chamock, with his maf- 
ciiline Style, and an inexhauftible Vein of Thought.—- 
Dr. Good-win, with Sentiments eminently evangelical ; 
and a moft happy Talent at opening, fifting, and dif- 

. playing the hidden Riches of Scripture.— Thefe, I think, 
are- the firji Three, . 

• Then comes Mr, Ho^we, nervous and majefti'c ; with 
all the Powers of Imagery at his Command. — Dr, Batcs^ 
fluent and polifhed ; with a never-ceafing Stoiie of beau- 

. tifiil Similitudes. — Mr, Fla^ueh fervent and afFe^lionatc ; 
with a mafterly Hand, at probing the Confciencc, aftd 
Ariking the Paffions. — Mr. Caryl y Dr, Manton, Mr. Pocf, 
with many Others; whofe Works will fpeak for them, 

. tin thoufand times better, than the Tongne of Pane- 
gyric, or the Pen of Biography. 

D I A L O G tJ E V. 207 

Afp. I wilh You would commit to your Memory, 
four or five of Ac moft diftinguiilLed *. They are 
a valuable Treafure> and contain the QuiDtefleno? 
of the Gofpel. 

Th cfc are the Words of the Ninth Article. ^ ^ Ori- 
.** ginal Sin is the Fault and Corruption of every 
" Man, that naturally is ingendered of the Offspring 
-** oi Adam,'* It is the Fault, fays the pious Biihop 
BeveridgSy and therefore We are guilty of it. It is 
th.e'C$rruptim alfo^ and therefore We are defiled with 
it.-^Our Homilies have rccourfe to no fiich Palliar- 
tives, and qualifying Interpxetations^ as mjl'herorC% 
ExpoAtor ufes. One of them affirms point- blanjt, 
that " in Adem all Men finned univerfelly.'' This 
feems to be a Paraphraie on the Text, whofe Tranf^ 
lation You lately controverted-— In what Senfe our 
great poetical Divine underftood the facred Writer, 
is apparent from the following Words ; which are 
fiippofcd t« have been fpoken by J^EHOVAH 

■' ' ' .■ ■■■ AdanCs Crime 
Mgkes guilty all his Sons f. 

And from another Paflage, where our rebellious 
Progenitor, bewailing his aggravated Mifer)-, and 
the extenfive Malignity of his Guilt, declares i 

In me all 

Poflerity Jlands Cursed J. '^ 

For my own Part I mult confefs. That, if the 

Tranfmiffion of original Depravity be- granted;, I 

'-.'..• kno4v 

*^ Efpeclally, Articles IX, X, XI, XII, XIII. 
t Milton, Book III. 290. ■ ' }• Book X. 817. 

2o8 D I A L O G U E V. 

know not how the Imputation of Adam*s deftrul^ive 
Apoftacy can be denied » If We had no Concern in 
the one, how could We be juftly puniihed with the 
other ? — I fay puipjhed. For, to lofe the primitive 
Integrity of our Nature, and inherit a depraved Dif- 
pofition, is at once a moft deplorable Calamity, and 
a moft terrible Puniflirnent* — Corruption tranf- 
mitted, and Sin. imputed, feem to be Dodtrinea //z- 
dijjolubly connected • To allow the former, an^, re- 
ject the latter, is, in my Apprehenfion, to acknow- 
ledge the EfFe<Sl without admitting the Caufe. 

Ther, To make Us Parties in a Covenant, which 
We did not agree to, can this ht equitable ? 7'o ruin 
Us for a Crime, which We never committed, can 
this be merciful? Surely, this is a flagrant Injuftrce, 
nei'er to be afcribed to the All-gracious GOD. A . 
diabolical Barbarity, add Some, never to be men- 
tioned without the utmoft Deteftation. 

Jfp. I fee no Caufe for fuch a tragical Outcry of 
Barbarity, nor indeed for any Complaint of Injuftic^. 
Not to infift upon the Sovereignty of an All-creating 
GOD, and his unqueftionable Right to do what He 
will with his own *, I would only afk — Did He not 
condefcend to tranfa£t with Man, not on the Foot 
of abfolute uncontroulable Authority, but in the 
honourable and endearing Way of a Covenant? — 
Were not the Terms of this Covenant, perfectly 
eafy, and wonderfully gracious ? Wmderfully gra^ 
cious : For, they propofed a State of inconceivable 
and evcrlafting Felicity f to Creatures, who v/ere 
intitled to no Happinefs ; had not the leaft Claim 
to any Good j no, not fo much as to the Privilege 
of Exiftcnce. Perfe^ly eafy : For, what was tho 

* Matt. XX. 15* f Luke x. 28. 

15 I A L © ^ U E t: H09 

CaAditi«n 4>n Mm'^ Paitf Not 9ifiy rigprovi^ AQt 
jfif Duty, not ^MstyiBVGK Courfe of Self-denial, hut ^ 
^keAeeEf^cymont of JMiUlans of Ble^ings and Plea^ 
Cures, with onl^ <the f jro|uhitioii of me pernicioiis 
I«riia|geaoe.**««iIe» then n m^e, jpn oiie hand, a 
£i»i]aife fjf themoft ^iorlous Reward, that GOO 
jtknfeif oould^iye: and nodxing (required, on the 
cttbec,' but liat JmeH^jft Expreffion of .Allegiance 
dut Man jbiqa&if £01*11 vfifk,^^Ax^i k this Injuf** 
Ciee ? Jfi this fiacbarhjr ? 

Wher, iUl this 'VRa^ -equitabLe ^enough with j-egard 
Ito j/idi^m ; ibut why ^ihould We :he condemned for 
his Vii3/i&faoa.o^ thefCosoenaat^'f-^r-Or ]a(ow was &ich 
^ Conftitution of Things ^niciousj with refped: to 

4^. ^ iW!hy oofidottmcd ?"-*^ecaufe, tVe^fliodd 
have)}>een-Pai13akets of theSei^efic and «he -Glory, 
if /Hedbad pierfeveccid in fair Duly. To i^is, I {u:e^ 
iui»e, ^onfi would iohjedi. Axai if th^y watddmai 
m ^the^cKi^, iiOief.ofightMat ftp the ^ivther. 

You j^Ai^Aac ; ^ Movr was fudi atCo^itutioA 
^' of Things^cacioua^ withjreipaifl to TXs i"r^l ^n«- 
fwor,; Becaufc it was the mo/i likely Means, to fe- 
Cure the Happinefs of Us and all Mankind. Was 
iipt Jtii^n^ of ffell i£*erfon8, fey far ^e heft -qualified 
fo ^^ As^^n^ral H^a4? fle h^d a Perfeftioa j^ 
3Cp9wkdg^ jtp4UpP?»Ji^ip IWP Jiijt^ceft: al*erfei5> 
tioncrfiHoliipttis, . to oapacutste Him 'for Obedience c 
and a f^erffeaiqn of U^^ppinefe, di<jpo(fmg ^im t6 
y^^rfe^veran^e. ^s jN^ae jcpidd Iwr^ ts^is- ejOik^ftW: 
i2iial)fioa|i(&ns. None jcctuU iimt rfi tMVf-0\j\i^^ 
^BKMvs. His own W-^^l^e, t)oth%^y and^ii^ittidy 
•w^as >t ftakc : the eternal Iiit^crfts of his rifin^;Fa- 
M\\y^ apd pf J4§i reWPt^ft P^«riS^ were d^u^di^; 

Vol. t "? 3te 


aio D I TAX O G.U E V. 

:the Live*, the Souls, the everlafting All of the t^rhole 
iiuman Race, were embarlced on the Angle Bottom 
of his Fidelity. Therefore, tlie Felicity of every 
Jhdividual,' that fhould fpring from his Loins, was 
a frcfh Mo:ive to Vigilance, an additional Engage^ 
^ent to Duty *. — As his Love to his OfFspring was 
jiiore refined, more exalted, more godlike than ours^, 
^11 thefe Confiderations and Inducements muft ope- 
-rate upon Him, in their fuUeft Scope, and with the . 
ftrongeft Energy. *— What an Entrenchment was 
liere, to keep out Difobedience, and ward ofF Ruin ! 
•An Entrenchment, deep as Hell ; Mgh as Heaven ; 
\wide as the whole Extent of the human Species, 
i Here then I may venture to throw the .Ga^intlet^ 
- and challenge the whole World. Let the mod pene- 
.tratiiig Mind dcvife aScheme, fo wifely and graci- 
,oufly calculated t6 a/certain the Succefs of a preba- 
'tiamry State. If this be impraSi cable, then muft 
'.every Mouth be ftopped. No Tongue can havt 
the Icaft Rcafon to complain. Ij for my Party fhall 
think myfelf obliged to admire the Benignity of 
4ny CREATOR'S Conduft. And GOD may 


* Should any Perfon i;nagine Himfelf more capable 
• of ^ZT\6.\r\g i\x2Ln Adam, who was endowed with all the 
■perfe^ions of an innocent, holy, godlike Nature ;" I 
think, by this very Imagination, He begins io'/a/I; fall ' 
inter one oC the vileft Sins, Pride.— ^Is aiiy Perfon ready 
to fuppofe. That, from a View to hU own particular Salr 
vation, He would continue faithful ; When ^^^/^ was not 
'engaged to Fidelity, from a Regard to his own and the 
•ifcal Happincfs of all his Pofterity ? He feems to be juft 
^s wife as the Mariner, who perfuades Hitnfelf ; .That, 
^thoueh ten.ibmtfand.Ax^zkox^,. firni and .without a PJaw, 
could not fecure the Ship in a Storm ; ye;t 2i fmgle An- 
rhor, cra7.y ^ and 'damaged, might have done if e/- 

D I A L O G U E V. 2JI 

juftly demand of all intelligent Creatures; fFhat 
could have been done more^ for the Prefervation and 
Felicity of Mankind, that I have not done .*. 
♦ Efpecially, when to all this We add. That the 
feme Almighty BEING, who appointed Adam to 
be our Reprefentativc in the iirft Covenant, without 
aiking our aSfual Confent ; appointed alfo CHRIST 
to be our Reprefentativc in the fecond Covenant^ 
without ftaying for our a^iial Solicitation. When 
We take this into the Account, there remains not 
the leaft Shadow of Injuftice ; but Goodnefs, tranf- 
cendently rich Goodnefs, . fliines forth with the ' 
)>righteft Luftre. . ^ 

. fT>er. Goodnefs, Afpafia ! This is furprifing in- 
deed. Why, if AdanC% Tranfgreilion be laid to our 
Charge, We are dammble Creatures, the very Mo- 
ment We exift ; and are liable to the Torments of 
Hell, even on account of bis Difobedience. To 
term this Goodnefs, is the greateft of Paradoxes ! 
To aflkm it of the DEITY, is little lefs than 
Blafphemy ! 

Afp. Let Us be calm, my dear Friend, and coa- 
fider the Cafe impartially. If it is not a real Truth, 
I jQiall be as willing to relinquifli it, as Yourfelf. 

Is not Death, eternal Death, the Wages of every 
Sin ? . And if of every Sin, then doubtlcfs of original. 
Which is the Fountain^ from whence all the Streams 
of a&ual Iniquity flo>v ; or rather the Aby/s^ from 
whence all the Torrents pour. — ^That, which could 
not be pardoned, but by the Humiliation and Ago- 
nies of GO P's adorable SON, may reafonably be - 
fuppofcd to deferve the raroft drea4ful Vengeance,' 
And it is affirmed, by an Authority which You will 
. . P 2 n«t 

• Ifai. V. 4. - ' 


liot 4\fpute ; that, « Fot origmal as wdl ab adtat 
'^^ Sift., the Offering of C/f^/SrisaPropiriaWwi 
«« and S'atirfaa»oii *.'* 

toikfs hot St. P2r«/<ldlivier k, as & Matim in Di- 
\^hfty? T*[at, ^> ffe &/2rfK-^ ^/'Qrt^ A^Hiti tie ^m*. 
ddnVtcSiy hi«^ns, Judgment xartie tipnh ^ Mm ?fr 
Ct^HdeMnation \. The Iilnport of the W'ord^ togfe- 
th^ Witii the ConnetSlion trf 'the Paffagfe, lead KSi 
tb tiftflerftand this of a CondemnaStibn te afeirnal 
Miferjr.— !rai? Import of the Wdrds : ftfr-, %hfejr aYt 
cfoaMied !t, 'to mtifce them pcciiliarly ftrottg ih XJteAf 
Signffrcaticffi : knd each Word, ^ithFh tTie<J<«<pKftr 
of this very Epiftle, is ufed in that iewlW L^t^^^ 
of Meaining ||. T*^ CtnneSfhn ef the ^djhg'e : W 
catrfe, it ftanJs oppofed to tfiftt Jttftffia*i6h wh^ 
is unto TLife. This, We are ftif^, 1rielu*fe •Ibe 
Idea t>f an everlafting Duration. And' WhyfBdttM 
Its tremendous C tmiitcrpart be \th ek^rffivfe? ? 

ThisBenfe is evidently *fatronhed^ sshd tllis^llte^N M 

(iflnt ftloft peremptorily laffiHtd^ ^y^bitf rflABflteS 
Church. What fays the Book of Homiiks, ^vAi^ ; i 

treating of the Miferies confeqtrent ujiOn*the*fViH ? 
« Thfs fo great and miferable U?*lagrfe, 'if ft%ft« 
" only reftefd on Mam^ who firft fciflfentted, it 'had 
** been 'much eafier, 'and might the b^ferh^Ve'tf^en 
<*« "borne. But It fell hot bnly bh ftiin^ tift alfo ^n 
" his PoUerity and Children for ever; folhat the 
*' whole Brood of Jdam*s *Race fiiould Tuiftain thfe 
« felf-famel^l and Puhiftmerit, whicli" AeIr■^6fe- 
<^ father by his Offence moft juftlyTiad^delSiVfey §.*** 
— lieft any Ihtfuld itiifapprehehd tTie DelTigh of bur 


'^. Article XXXI. f Rom. r. i8. t I^F*^ 

ij; TO xfl3*Kpi^a. |[ Rom. ii. ft. iii» 8. viii. i. 

f Homily on the Nditivlty-of CHRIST. 


DIAL O G U E Y. 213 

Reformers, andf fuppofo the Piiniihm^at tft coiifift 
^^Afy of (^m kodHy ^uffeclng, or %h» Lofs of |m- 
mortaUiy, it is added in the lame akroiing I>i^ 
c<iurfe~j H Nei^iher Adatriy nor any. of his, ha4 tay 
*' Right or Intereft at all in the KingclomW Hea- 
> *^ v«R ; but were becpme plain Reprobates and 
^' Caftawa)^, being perpetually damned to the 
« eveirlafting Pains of Hell." 

Left You Ikoiild imagine, thjs might h^ writtfji 
under a Sally of hafty 2eal, or that us to be res:- 
kon^d among thp doting Opinions of a credulous 
Antiquity; let- me remind my Friend, That it as 
engrafted into the Jrtieks. Thofe Article^, which 
were approved by the Archbi&ops and Biftops of 
both Provinces 5 were ratifted by the general Confcnt 
^ the Clergy '5^ and are,' to this Day, the national 
Standatfi of our Belief. The Ninth Article, bcgia- 
ning With a Defcription of our depraved Nature, 
fubjoins an Account of its proper De&rt; *' In 
' J^ €veiy Feribn born into the World, it ieferveth 
« G OP's Wrath and Damnation 1^.'' 

P 3 Ther, 

♦ I api ftrprifed to fee a learned Authpr, attempting . 
to JBeatk the §ting of this awful I>eniinciati.op: attpmpt- 
in^ to prove, that the Words ^* do not fignify firOB's 
•* eternal Wrath, aad the Damnation pf HeJl.^'— i Aall 
taJpe fi9 paias to coHfaw> wh^t this Qpt)t]p^a^ is ^)ea%d 
to advancp. I flaall le^av^ the Qijeftion in tjf^e irleader*s 
own 5reaft. Let Him difcover, if He can, a diijbrent 
Meaning in the Sentence. Unlefs He has a pretty fhrewd 
. £fia(cdc a^SopkLftrx, 1 am per£a;idcd,-He sail ^nd it a dif- 
Act4t Matter to give attjf other tolerable Turn to the Paf- 
fage. — Surely, it muft be a Reproach to our venerable 
Moth^, if Sh^dejjvefs hsr Dotftri^e in L^^agefo/V- 
lacidus^ as muft neceflarily njiflead Jthe%Gei;u!x:aIIty of her 
Sons : or in T^mp ip ahfirnjey as even a good ^Jnder- 
flanding c^net devcjojp, without fpnoje p;:pfifiep<jr, in 



Tier. How mtferahle then is Man ! 

Jfp, In Himfelf He is miferable beyond Expref- 
fion. But a Conviction of this Mifery is the Begin- 
ning of all Happincfs. The Valley of Achor is a 
Door of Hope *. 

Ther. Explain Yourfelf, Afpafto, You feem to 
deal very much in the Incomprehenfibles, 

Afp. Such a Convi£l:ion would demonftrate the 
ahfdute Infufficiency of all human Attainments, and 
all human Endeavours, to procure Life and Salva- 
tion. — For, in cafe We could perform every Jot 
and Tittle of the divine Law ; offend in no In- ' 

ftance ; fall fliort in no Degree 5 pcrfevere to the 
very End ; yet this would be no more than our pre- " 
fent bounden Duty. Not the leaft Pittance of 
Merit could arife from all this. Much lefs could 
this be fuflicient to expiate original Guilt, o* re- , 

move the dreadful Entail of the primitive all-de- » 
firoying Sin. 

This, therefore, would moft effedlually preclude 
every ,falfe Confidence ; and fixteep away^ at one 
Stroke,, every Refuge of Lies +. It would lay Us 
under an immediate, indifpenfible, and happy Ne- 
ceflity, of betaking Ourfelves to CHRIST.— I 
fay happy NeceiTity j becaufe then We fhould know, 
by Experience, what each Part of our LOR D'-s 
awful yet tender Declaration meaneth ; O'Ifrael! 
Thou hajhdejlroyed thy f elf -^ hut in ME is thy HelpX. j 

— We fliould then find, that as Sin and Mifery | 

have abounded through the firft Adam^ Mercy and"^ 


critical Legerdemain. Far be it from me, to bring fuch } 

^n O'dium upon our Church. 

* Hof. ii. I J. Achcr {\'gv\^Q%Troulh, \ 

t Ifai, xxviii. 17. j Hof. xiii. 9. ^ 


Grace have much more aimnded through the fecond. 
•For, if We were ruined by a Crime, which We 
committed not ; We are recovered hy a Righteouf- 
nefs, which We perforijied not. A Righteoufr.efs, 
infinitely furpafling whatever We could have ac- 
• quired j even though our Nature )ia4 been tranf- 
tnitted to Us, free from any Depravity, and exempt 
from all Guilt. 

7T)er. In your Opinion then, and according .to 
your Scheme, Salve and a Regimen are better thaa 
a found Conftitution I . - *. 

Jfp. No, ThiTon, My Opinion is, that nonie 
can think Himfelf aggrieved, or have any Reafon tp 
complain, at that grand and beneficent Regulatioi^,^ 
which fufFers thp glimmering Taper to be obfcured 
or extinguifhed, but fheds abroad the boundlefs and 
majejiic Beams of Day. And if any Comparifon 
be made between thp mofj: perfect human Obedjir 
cnce, and the eyerl^ftifig divine RighLeoufnefs of 
CHRIS Ty itfliould be tafcep from theglinii^ering 
Taper and the meridian Sup. 

Ther. I cannot perfuade myfelf to admire fucfe 
myfteriouj and unaccountable Notions. Theynjufl: 
puzzle Some: will offend Other § : but cannot edify 

. J^. This Poi»t, Tlpt Ij^i 0/1 died. in 4dam-^ 
.were undone by bis Apoftacy j cannot puxzle the 
fimpicft) if unprejudiced Mind. — Nor ^11, it offe^t^ 
Any, but the proud Philofopher, or the felf-righ- 
tepus Morajiit. And I affurc You^ I ihould not 
jnention ij:> much, lefs iiifift upon it, did it not fuby 
ferve, and in a very fingular Mafujer, the Purpofc§ 
4>i Edificatian. The Do^rine of a REDEEMER, 
pbeying ^nd dying in 6ur Stead, is tjie vfry Hingp 
' ? f ' * . afid 


^i€ D I A L O G U E V, 

and Centtr of idl chriogfiKcal Ro^fttmift: U die 
very Life and Sdul of 9ii cyaftgdicai Bleffiog^^* 
This Dodrine 19 not i» little Uttiftrated, a|id comes 
very much reeommendcd) fcy ths IirtyiitotioA af 
ManC% Sin. 

C^nWArUt% YdU kndEvi^ caA Light tqmi, ai»d fiit 
Offl^eh ottier. Wifit^? and ih fevtre CoM^ make 
Spring and its chearing Warmth^ vaokh fenfihly pei*^ 
ceivdds afid ifiOfc highly plesifing. Such a» Iltf u- 
ftnce ha^ lh« pi^ftnt ^jeA^ wifh refpsA to^ the 
vicarious Obedience of ottf MEDIATOR, 
The md#e tteatfly tVe fti the jfo^% of thi firfl:, 
the more thor6iigMy We ftaii difcern Iht £jrjN- 
ifim^^, At EifiilihUff th€ GAff tif theli^. The 
iMre We at^ humiled andtf a Ct»i?i(£{ioh of the 
forrti^r, the more We fhali tovet, or the Imore We 
Ihall trfiiijlph tn,' the Enj^tecilt of the latttfr.-^ 
The Apoftici draws aloUg PaiuUel, or rather fovxiis 
a ftr6ng Cofitraft between them^ ia the fifth Cha^ 
tbt tb the ^6mMs. Kt f^ak^ CDf^oufly of JUi^^s 
Guilt, imputed to all* MaitkiMi 6k- Condsmnatidi^ 
tni Death : that tie thzf fj^k the more atceptaMy, 
the more chartoi^y of CHRISVb Righte«o«fc 
fiefs, »i}ftf«iied to all fieKever^i for Juftifbation and 
Life. In that dark Ground^ He well knew, dlis 
faireft lovelieft J^tewer of Chriftifemity, appears with 
peculiiff Medtttty, indeed, with a'l the Beauty of 
confuihmaie Wi^dott)-, Md ad^ft^k Bentgnky. 

51^1?^, It tejdly iecms td Itie a Thih]^ iMf^g^U^ 
%h!SLt one Man's Righteoufheft ftfouM be ihadfe Aftt)*. 
thcr's. Can one Mah H^e hy khe Soul of A*o€hdi- f 
Or be learhbd by the ht^tixtig bf Atiorhei- ?•— <Jood 
Afptffio^. nerer -^tcrtipt to Siafetaia i^h ]^al{i(afate 
6 ^ Abfur^ 


B LA L © G U E V. 217 

AbfiArdi^s. They will expofo Chirk&ianity to die 
Scorn of Infidels. 

Jfp. U InAdel* feoff at thk eoiftfojrtable Trtith, 
theif Seofi«g will be, like all their other Cavit^^ not 
Alt Voijse of Reftfbn, but th6 Clamnur Of Fre}iidke. 

My Friend's Objeilion, infinuates,. what We ne- 
¥tor ^rtj TIart the Rigbleoufnefs of CHRIST 
h iram^iififdr in^ B^Hevers. Which woruld^ doubfr* 
lefr, be in TuSl inhj^oSble, as it is in Theory xb- 
fufil.^-^Bat t^is We dtfavowy as ftrenuoufly a9 You 
can oppofe. The R£J>££M£R's Righ- 
tcoufnefr U made onrs^ not by Infuficiiy but by 
.Ifniputdtiof^^ The very Tennis We ufe, may acquit 
Us froM fitob a ridiciddus Charge; as Imputxtien 
fignifw^y <^ A placing oathe Account of One, what 
*' is don^ or fttfFercd by Another." Accordiagly 
We btiicTU^ That the Righteoufnefs which jufti- 
fie^ kbidea m CHRISTj but is placed to our Ao- 
C0unt: that CHRISTy and CHRIST 2Aontj 
aiftually perforiiied it: that CHRIST^ and 
CHRIST alone> personally poflTeffes it: bat that 
•perforteiBg it hi our Stead, . and pofieffing it as our 
Coreaank^bead^ GOD imputes it to Us— G O D' 
accepts Ui for i^^^-^accepta U6 as much, g$ if We 
iiad,, t>A i^ur cwn Behalf and in our ovrn Perfonr, 
><«v«fally fulfilled it. 

Tboiigh one Man caHntJC lite, be aduated with 
^ Frinciple of Life^ fy tbi S^fo£ another*, "yet Yo« 
muft allow, thad cmcMan, nayy that many Aleji 
«ia^ Uve^ be continued in the Pofleffion of Life, for 
fbe Rigbit^ftttfs tf amtber. Or elfe You muft do, 
what I am fu«? Y,ou abhot—Yoa mwft charge, with 
Abfurdity and lo^jttffibilky, evbn thu Declaration 
•f JEHOVAH himfelfi If I find in Sodom fifty 


2i«^ D I A L O G U E V. 

Rightibils ivithin the Clty^ then wilPl fpart all the 
Place FOR THEIR Sakes *. 

Ther. Not all your Refinements can reconcile me 
to this uncouth Notion. — ThePra<SHceis««^Ara»7p/^/, 
and abfoluteiy inconfiftent with the Rules of diftri- 
hutive Jufticc. 

> jf^. Ah ! my TJuron, if We look for Examples 
of GOD's unbounded Goodnefs, amongft-the puny 

• Proceedings, of Men 5 We fliall be led into the moft 
extravagant Mifapprehenfions, To meafure one of 

■ the Sparks on your Ring, and fanfy We have taken 

• the Dimcnfion of the Jlps or the Jndesj would be, 
; in comparifon of this Error, a fmall Miftake. 

Since, between a brilliant Speck, and a Range of 

. McnmtaiDs, there is feme Proportion : but between 

human Beneficence, and this heavenly Bounty, 

• there .cannot podibly be any. — However, the. all- 
•condefcending CREATOR has been pleafed, 
.fo to:difpenfe his infinitely rich Grace; that Wfe 
may find, though nothing, parallel in any, nothing 
corrcfpondent in all Circumftances ; yet (ome faint 
Shadow of its Manner ^ among the Affairs of Man^- 
kinds Something, that may perhaps give Us fuch 
an Idea of the ftupendous Subjeft, as a Glow-wprm 
would give of the Sun's Splendor, in cafe a PorfoA 
had never beheld that magnificent Luminary,-«T- 
This Remiftk I muft intreat You to recoUeS, when- 
ever lattempt toeluctdate theMyfteries of theGofpe^^ A 
by any Occurrences in common Life. r 

When your worthy Minifter was difaT>lcd, by H 
rlieumatic Diforder, from attending on the Bufinefs 
of his Fun£tion, fevcral of the neighbouring Clergy 
gave Him their Afiiftance. Was He not, by this j 

* • ' vkariom , 

• Gen. xviii, 26. 

DIALOGUE y, 219 

i ' vicarious Performance of his Office, mtitkdt^ ail the 

' Profits of hisLiving? — ^It feems therefore not fo uh- 

nf exampled a Thing, for one Perfon to aft in another's 

y, Stead. And when a Service is thus difcharged bjr 

the Proxy y the Benefit may, according to the received 

Maxiiiis of Mankind, accrue to the Prindpsd.-^ 

Did not Jehu's Defcendents, even to the fourth 

Generation *, reap the Advantage of their great 

• Grandfather's Zeal ? Does not the Dukg of!* * f * 

enjoy the Honours and Rewards, won by the SwoM 

x)f a viftorious Anceftor r — And may not Ae whole 

World of Believers, with equal, with far greaUr 

Juftice, receive Life and Salvation, on Account of 

their aU-deferving S AV I O U R ? Efpecially, fince 

r He and They are one myftical Body 5 repfrefented 

! as fuch in Scripture, and confidcred as fuch by 

i GOD. 

No, fay You: " this is i contrary to the Rules 
** of diftributive Juftice." — ^What is your Idea ef 
.^Surety? How was the Affair ftated, and how 
were Matters negotiated, with relation to your ge- 
nerous Acc^uaintance Philander ? He, You know, 
wa3 bound for an, unfortunate Brother, who lately 
ftepped afide. 

Ther. The Debt, by his Brother's abfconding, 
devolved upon Philander. He was refponfible for 
all, and x>bliged to pay the whole Sum* 

• 2 Kings X. 30. By this Inilance — by bleCng the 
IJraeli/es, for the Sake of Abraham^ I/aacj and Jacob — by 
ftewing Mercy to Solomon^ and his Pofterity* on accoimt ' 
of Da'vid their Father — and by many fuch Patterns re- 
corded in Scripture ; the L O R D fecms to have confti- 
tiftcd a Sign, and to have kept up a Memorial, of his 
Purpofe to fave Sinners, by the Deeds and Deferts of , 
Another^ * 

%20 D I A L O G U E V. 

J^^ Wa» nol: his FftynMi^ m JMsJbO^ to die 
CfeJifor, M if the Mdiitf kAd becA paid i» the 
Debtor's own Ptrfon, by Ae IMmw's owk Hand ^ 

Tker. Certainly. 

j^ .Was nor the Debtor, by this vicamHs Fay- 
mcnt, ralcaftd from att Fear of Frofacution, and 
acfmttid from any future Demand on this Score ? 

?J#r. He was, 

Afp. Appfy thi« Inftance to the Redemptfon of 
Sinners by JE^US CHRIST: who is, in the 
facred Writings, exprcfty ftyled A SURETT*. — 
If PhitanJer^s Ad was deemed, in the Eftimatien of 
La^, the Ad of his Brother ; if the Deed of the 
former was imputed, in point of Advantage, intirely 
to the latler ; why (hould not the fame EfFc<fts take 
place, with regard to the divine Bbndfiman, and poor 
infolvent Sinners ? Why (hould tkat be exploded in 
our Syfteih of Divinity, which is univcrfally ad- 
mitted in our Courts of Jufticc ? 

Ther. Obedience and Rightcoufnefs are, in the 
Nature of the Things themfelvcs, ^^w^/ Qualities, 
and mty fo. Every Man is that only (and can be - 
jnothing elfe) wiiidi He is in Himfelf. 

Jfp. Rightcoufnefs, as dwelling in Us, is undoubt- 
edly a perfonal Quality. Obedience, as performed 
ly Us, comes under the feme Denomination. But 
docs this fuperfede the Neceffity, ,or deftroy the Ex- 
•iftence of imputed Rightcoufnefs ? — ^Your firft Pro- 
jpofition is ambiguous^ Let it fpcak diftiwftly ; add 
inhersut to your Rightieoufntfe ; aitti the Seoib ke- 
^cmacs detertninate, bvc the Argument falls to the 

*« jE/ery 
• H^b. vi. 22, 

D I AX- O G U E r; tzi 

A « £viety Man ts that •oiiiy j(imd can %e i^otbiiig 

tfe ^< lelfe.) ivhkh JEie ;is >m H<mfdf."*^f J had sbever 

/ feen tte fiiUe, I AwU hiive fkiied m^ nt%ij AC^ 

fent to this Propofition. But, ^wlicn I tcscpen iAi^<G)M 
- l^felteMl^^ imd*rtd«ttiiiwirtcnbyAePri^ In 

Vfi^au I ttrttn«o!die N&oir l>6ibment, .and Junir the 
Apoil^ i&ylAgi; ^ an<contplHe m MiM^ who is fht 
i^»d (f 'Oil Priftapidiths ^nd Powers 1 4 i casmeS: 

ti6ft>-»iJ^IM/) :of tteJtriie.Beliewer, jib faiduo fcc jirf* 
tifidd#; latkl ^e IF'QUntllition ^f this filefiilig is rde*« 

' cko^d %o \»^*^fiX>t m IHinifid£, hut in tUhe L-OJBL D. 

! The ColoJJians are faid to be complete ; which^ .wc 

are'very^dsfltam) (lidJf^'weaeiaBt in thtndblves^ tfnd 
are expi^il^iaAHied, tke^fMne fo io CS^dSiT. — 
ifttice it «|p(|K0r^ cpitie cdntxtfry to tny iFlrien^^s 
Aflertion, that iSmtiens both ^twe amd ume ithftt in 
taHRfSiTi tvbibh tbey indthbr hmt:t\ct st^An 
diefoftlvas. Tfoey hme^ ^hy k^pstatmi, v.Ri^^u^ 
oafiafsyki OHXdST-y 'tbey ^enei, by^is joi^ttted 

I htti^i^, ^o^irDKiQake iproccadsx&om in^ki^ai^ 
lb 4iftmg«Hh tbdtftfdcn ^ik^hbrei^t imd >iiaiPsnnBi>. 
•^We vever^ftBppDfe $ n[%lata>pRtfaiieiWfonas^kk^ 

fybferiy^nd^«ft>4cKkki*lys tei#?*iW;i*'R4gh«eoufiR& 
Byt W^^ltvaihtsM^^ ^4i«t ^liieiFfK^an&aiidMBtcmi- ' 
perate, si9^g>0(Myf4in%«ii <»f (tbek 3mquit^, ismU b6« 
t^^'tb^Mfolras^o tlie^ttlWi^Ek»eiit4S^VIIG>nR 
for RiediMi^tkaiH we-inteivftvd^iTi'tkedi^l^rft^botfi 
Af kid^L^^hd^f hift^Omtk. Chi8^is^im^^Ha^h« 

• Ifai. xlv. «5.- ' • f Col. ii. lo. 

222 D I A L O G U E V. 

minal in thcmfelvcs, they are made righteous in 
CHRIST I and are accepted by GOD, for hfs 
belovd SON^s Sake. This is JufiiJicatJon through 
imputed Righteoufnefs* 

Neither is this a precarious or un^varrantable 
Opinion, but the clear and pofitiye Declaration of 
Scripture. He juftifieth^ He abfolyes from Guiltj 
He treats as righteous — JVhom ? Upright, obedient, 
finlefs Creatures ? This were nothing extraordinary 
— ^No ; but He jujiifieth the Ungodly *, that believe in 
the LORD JES US. Imputing, as the Ground 
of this Juftification, their Trcfpafles to Him, and 
bis Righteoufncfs to them. This is divinely gra^ 
cious indeed! 

Ther. I fee no Occafion for fuch nice Diftindlions^ 
and metaphyjical Suhtilties^ iii plain popular Divinity* 
Hard Terms and abftrufe Notions, may perplex the 
. Head, but feldom improve the Heart. 

J/p. Why then do You oblige Us to make ufe of 
them ? If fome People twift and entangle the Reins,' 
it behoves Others to clear them of theEmbarraffmentf 
and replace them in their due Pofition. — ^Many Wri- 
ters, either from an artful Defign, or through a 
ftrange Inadvertence, have jumbled aod confounded 
thefe two very different Ideas. Hence, they have, 
fiarted Objcdlions to our Do<ftrine, which, the Mo- 
ment You introduce this obvious Diftindliop, va- 
nifli into Air. They broach a Miftake of their own, 
and then 9harge the Abfurdity upon Others. 
. I am no more fond of hard Terms, and abftrufe 
Notions, than my Theron. Neither can I think the 
Inftance before Us, is fo abftrufe and intricate* 1 
am very certajn. You are capAblp.of i:ompr.ehendj§g 

^ Rom. iv. J* . ; 

D I A L O G U E V. 223 

much higher and nicer Refinements. Therefore, 
J.inuft once again entreat You to remember the 
.very material Difference, between inherent znA itn" 
fiited Righteoufnefs. The former, is the Effcncc 
-of San<Slification ; thp latter, - is the Ground of Juf- 
tification. By /A/x, We are reftored to the Favour 
,of GOD; by ihat^ We are made meet for his 
heavenly Kingdom,-^Let this Diftin£^ion, which is 
jtafy^ which is fcriptural, which is^ important, take 
place ; and We may for the future difmifs, what 
.you call» the metaphyiical Subtilties. Our Difa* 
^reement will ceafe, and our Opinions tally. 

Ther, I queftion that, Jfpajio. There are other 
•Difficulties to be got over, before I can digeft {o 
crude an Opinion. — If we are juftified by the Righ- 
teoufnefs of CHRJSTy then the Righteoufnefs 
•which juftifies Mankind is already wrought out. 

Jfp. And this You take to be a notorious Falf- 
liood. Whereas, I look upon it as a certain and 
moft delightful Truth. — The Righteoufnefs, v/bich 
juftifies finful Man, was fet on foot \ when GOO 
fent forth his SON from the Habitation of hi^ 
Holinefs^nd Glory, to be born of a Woman, and 
made fubjeil to the Law.— -It was carried on^ through 
the whole Courfe of our S A V I O U R's I^ife ; i^ 
which He always did.fuch Things, as magnified 
the Law, and were pleafing to his heavenly FA-r 
THE R. — It was completed at that ever memorable, 
that grand Period of Time, when tjie blcffed Z^- 
MANUEL bowed his dying Hcad^ and cried, 
with a ftrong triumphant Voice, It is finished, 
. If the juftifyiiig Righteoufnefs was to be wrought 
by OurfelveSf We .could never be truly and fi^lly juf^ 
;tified till Death ; till our Warfare is accomplifhed, 
I and 

^24 D I A L O G U E r. 

soul oor/^A(S^ of Obedience ex;ertei««-AtttlK>wim<' 
comfbrtableisfuch an Apprehenfion ! And how^tni&r-' 
ride would itrefKler our Lives !— if owcontraiyisfuch 
a Sentiment) to the Detcf mkiation of the Apoftle ; ITt 
i\tit jtf/H/M* f Aewdlas to thefiTopertenceof Cbrif- 
tiane ; ^ are paffed/rmi Beatb-uHt$ Life^. 

Ther. Soothed ^en with this pleafiBg Sunaife^ 
mvj ne^ the LiherUne faj to \k\% Sodi ?-^^' Saal, 
*^ talce <thme £afe in the inoft indolent Security* 
^* All -my •carnal Appetites, indulge Yoiur(elv«^ 
'^< wlthoTit Reftraint. Confci^nce, 4>e under n^ 
*' Solicitude to live ^bfeerlj, *ri^«:edufl)r, ^and .gddr 
^* Jily, For the Woric U dam ; ^rl/ done to my 
** Hands. I am like feme fortunate Heir, whofc 
^^ Parents have been (uccefsfuHy induArious ; and 
<< 4iave left Tiothkig to exeFciTe the Diligenoe «f 
*« their IWviving Son, but oiily to pefiefs the I<i^ 
*< *ierttence, and live on Labours 4riot his own." 

Afp* The Libertine, ^w4>o only fpeculates or ^dif- 
putes, fn«y indeed «ib«fe i:he Do^rime pf ^race. 
fiut cke-Selkver, m^4s guided and JtiAucncsd iby 
the pDzwrof»Grace, *wil4 impKweit-to bettor Put- 
pefes. Where the fermer only 'fliu6kmtcs on <thfc 
tJndedlantSing, (Hch 'ddteftabie Coif&qAiQnoes mktof 
enfiie. Wh^rethe knar opepatss on t4»e -Heart, it 
t^fflfilweys produce very difibrent-Efeds* Sdftdb 
a^erfen, from «fuch « $444^, jwiH never ibe. inclined 
to Snaftfvity or Licentioi^be^. No more ^iflian our 
tnffy Oof^rrpan-ions, with their biRiHVi'iog Notes, ^and 
honted Thighs, are, by ^bfs -bright fiunfliine .SRid 
all -tkcTe expanded flh^lfoms, 'inclined to fieefiawm^ 
theit^Hours -in tlie fJive. Yo« «nwiy ias 4bpn iGy»fe&, 
tb fete ^retfe Cpkmies €^f the 'Spfitag, A^pan^iiig A 

• 1 Cor. VI. 1 1. \ \ John v. -jo. 

DIALOGUE V. 225 ' 

December^ clinging to an Icicle, or difperfing them- 
felves to gather Honey oh the Snow ; as to fee a 
truly gracious Man, who is dead to Sin, living any 
longer therein *. — G OD forbid \ ! fie abhors the 
very Thought. 

Whoever, therefore, fo fliamefully perverts fo 
fweet and glorious a Doftrine, is a Witnefs againft 
Himfelf, that He has.neither Lot nor Portion in the- 
incftimable Privilege. Does an Animal fuck Poi- . ^'T^, 
fon from the moft wholefome Herbs ? We are fure,, 
from that infallible Indication, it is the vile Spider,, 
or fome envenomed Infcft, not the valuable and 
induflrious Bee, . ' 

Ther* Tx\x\y^ Afpfljioj I know not how to call that, » 
Doftrine fweet, much lefs can I recommend it. as 
wholefome; which renders Repentance, perfonal 
Reformation, and inherent Reftitude needlefs. And. 
if your Tenet is once received, all thefe Duties may 
fiairly be difmiflcd. So that if the Thing was pof- 
fible, yet it would be pernicious, 

Afpn The Prophet was of another Mind:' Thef^ 
JhaU look on Him., whom they have pierced^ and mourn J. 
Sinners fhall look, by Faith, to their crucified^ 
LORD : fliall fee Him fattened with Nails to the 
curfed Tree ; fee Him ftabbed to the Heart, by the' 
bloody Spear. And rememberings that this was th^. 
Punifhment due to their Provocations ; believing^^ 
that by this Punifhment, they are freed from all 
penal Sufferings, arid irititled to ^W fpiritual Blef- 
fings : they fhall not be tempted to tranfgrefs, but 
incited to mourn ; not play the Profligate, but a£Jj 
the Penitent.-^The Apoflle exa&ly agrees with the 
Prophet ; and both arc diametrically oppofite to my 
Vol. L d Friend; 

t Rom. y\. 2» f Rom. vi. i, 2* % Z«^* xi. I9« 

2^^ D I A L Cy G tf l«l V. 

Friencf ; The Goodnefs^ the ti^fcendent ztit inCod'- 
ceivable Goodnefe of GO^D oufSJnOURy in- 
iSeaS of diverting from-, teadeth tc Repentance ♦; 

Par from obftruftmg, it powerftiHy promotes, 
perfinal Reformation. For thus faith- that all^Mrife 
SEING, who intimately knows our Fram^^ a«d 
cfifcem^ what is moft effe£faal to work upd^ our 
Kfinds ; the Grace of GOD^ which hingeth Sitkt^^ 
ttonj hath appeared \ teachtng^Us-^ that denying aHth^ 
gbdiinefi and worldly Lujls^ We Jhould Vive fihiriy^ 
righteoujly^ and godlilj in this prefint ev^H World f • 
Gra^ce, You obferve^ even that glorioufly free 
Grace, which bringeth Salvation to ©sworAjr 
Creatures, is a EfiSuafive of all Vice, and ah fen- 
coufagement to every Virtue. 

As to inherent ReSfitude^ how cart thit be rendered 
needlefs by imputecf Rightepufnefs ? Is Health ren- 
dered infignificant, by the Abundance of oifr RicllesJ 
Does Eafe becotne ftiperfluous, through the Beauty 
of our Apparel ? — Holinefs is the Health of our Soub^ 
and the Eafe of our Minds. Whereas, ungovernable 
Paliions create keendr Angui&, than a Brpod c>f Vi- 
pers gnawing our Bofoms. Inordinate Defires are 
a more intolerable Nuifance, than Swarms of Lo- 
cuftsihfefting our Abodes. To regulate thofe^ and 
to reftrain thefe^ can never be needlefs, till Comfort 
ind Sorrow change their Properties ; till the dia- 
bolical Natuf6 becomes efqually dcfirable with the 

Ther, The Beftever, indeed, out of mere Gene- 
iofity 9 'may y if He pleafe, add Works of Righteouf- 
hefs of hi^ own. But his nmih Intereft is fecura 
'Without them. 

■■ . . , ■ . ^# 


. ji/py Rather, 5r?wfr/M?, He, ^^ out of D^utj, ^e 
wi^ out of Gratitude, aiKftrom th^ new Pifpofition. 
* oif His Nature He canmtMh *^i to his Faith Works 
of Righteoufhefs.. 

How runs the heay.ejgljr ^f^^^ ^9 ^hi? Cafe 
i^ade and pwy.ide4? Xw^k'^^-^ ^^9 ^^^ ^^^^ 

etjjfjusd, if ^to:iful t9. ^flj^ntmn good Jf^orh •.-— 
Hoiy. beat^ ^^ -R«^ of a ^ireving" Soul ? You 
t%^Y, fc^l U» in tbi^t'^r^v 'generous Remand, 
m^. bjf tie i^/^^; • ^(4S^{ '/ r./7./^ «^/^. 
the LOR i), for delivering me from impend- 
ing Death, from deferved Damnation ; zni for all 
th S^i^^x tk^ &i bffh^^ #< UTi{(^ %e^ t .? -^ grate- 
fid Heart Yi;ant^ npt tiie pQa^^ \}iX 1$ a^|>ur to it- 
felj^—^How icaq§ tb? &Vf of W^ Nature? K(e"is 
new-born; cxp^ed io C^iJ^^^ J£5t/s'u^^^^ 
gpod ^orJcs % ; hi$ £>)^^t is i:r^ t)ie "Law oJF the 
i..ORD i|. Wbateyerl? our. fupremc Rdiight, 
We are furfi to prpl^fcutp 3 au4 prpfc<;ute with Ar- 
d9ur. We eanr^t bi^ /pegJi tke "f^ngs^vhich JFe hav^ 
feen and be(tpd%,y was Xb« gr^f^pfi o^ % Ap9#|es 5 

• Tit. iii. 8. The original Word mfuwcuAu has a Beauty 

a&d an Energy, whichi lhp]AVfi»}-%^ imp6&ble for oar 

language fp prp^rvc, jjy apy Jli^tera| Tranflation. It im- 

jUes, Yhat a ^j^ever' ihoijfa not only Be" exerciiSbd In, 

t\i% fcmuicnt for; ^alT go^cj Wolfs ; ''fhoild '^fi^ ^^thfers 

fh'c Way," aod outfirip iSekm in'^ til* hclfiourablit' Racei ' be 

both a Fattern^ and a Patron of univerfal Godllnefs. 

1 PffLcxyL ;?. J E^]t. u. 10. H JHal. i, 2. 

£ ^amipt iut'^This is zn Exor^o^, ufcd 6y AcA- 

pcfifes', Xaf{i72b. 7t aeicribcs the geriuini aifd-lTa- 

I BItiial Propcnfity of their «rw Nature. As the compaf- 

r fi9nAte Bowels cannot but yearn at Spedacles of Mifery : 

artie benj5v61«if tWf e*ftifct btof dllafe'i^tfc Ple*»e, 

at the Sight of a Bmnen mipfinieft fo tii^liS^ ^Cfea* 

228 dialogue! V. 

if applied to prafliical Godlinefs, it is the Expc-* 
rience of the Chrijlian. 

Nor can his main Interelt be fecure without a holy 
Obedience. Becaufe, the Judge of the World, af 
the Day of eternal Retribution, will dedare to the. 
Workers of Iniquity ; Inevef knew Ton ; depan front ' 
me *. Becaufe Hollnefs, though not the Caufe of 
our Admittance to the beatific Vifioh ; is fo necef- 
lary a Qualification, that without it no Man Jhall Jet 
the L ORD J. Without it, there is no Accefs to' 
Heaven, neither could there be ziiy Enjoyment in 

Ther. Prayj recolle£l Yourfelf, Affafto* Accorcl- 
ing to the Tenour of your own IHuftration, the* 
NeceiSty of perfonal Obedience is evidently va- 
cated. For, how can the Law demand a Debt of 
the Principal, which has been fully difcharged by*' 
the Surety? Does riot Tuch a Doctrine fupplyCon- 
lequences, very hurtful to Piety and Virtue? 
' Afp. The Debt of penal Suffering, andtheDebtS 
of perfed Obedience, are fully difcharged by our 
Divine SURETY. So that We are no longer 
under a Neceffity of obeying, in order to obtain an 
Exemption from Punifhment, or to lay the Foun- 
dation for our final Acceptance. We aire never-- 
thelefs engaged, by many other Obligations, to 
walk in all dutiful and confcientious Regard to th& 

The Levites were a Type of CHRIST. The 
Levitesy faith the holy One of I/faely jhall do the 
. Service 

tare in CHRIS?*, cannot bat 4J^/ to gjorify, and 45r-» 
f(ght to obey, the «vcr-bleflcd GOD. 

f Matt. vii. 2j. • i Heb. xli. 14. 

D I A L O G U E V. 229 

Service of the Congregating and bkar their Iniquities ♦, 

-— Z>« the facred Service^ whcrchy the People wer$ 

accepted before GOJ^^^Bear their fever al Iniquities^ 

^whereby they obtained Remiffion of Sins. — Ifrael^ 

.you fee, by Means of the Levites and their Mini- 

.'ftrations, were made Partakers of Pardon, of Peace, 

*and the diving Favour, This is undeniable. But 

-did this vacate the NecefEty of their perfonal Obcr 

.dience ? Could this fupply Confequences very hurtr ' 

ful, or in any Degree hurtful, to their Piety and 

, Virtue ? — Where then was the Wifdom of the Law<- 

giver I What a Refledion this on the Author of fuch 

, an Inftitution ? Either H^E coi^ld not be wife and 

. boly, or elfe this Charge ipuft be falfe and groundlefs^ 

Ther. Many other Obligations, You fay.. Ii^- 

, ftance in fome, and demonftrate the Charge to be 

, groundlefs, . . - 

V v^« Obedience, perfdnal Obedience, is necef- 
.fery, bpcjiufe-T-this is the mpft authentic Proof of 
pur tioye tq the gracious JJtEP^EMER; If Ye 
, hve m/y keep my Commandments t— this is a comfort- 
able Evidence of our Union with that exalted Head| 
.. He that ahideth in Me^ and I in Himy the fame brings 
. eth forth much Fruit % — this is alfo.the moft efFeitual 
, Method, of adorning our Profeflion s and of wiq- 
. ning our Neighbours, to embrace the Gofpel. L^t 
, your Lighty the Light of your exemplary Converfa- 
: tion, not only appear, hwt Jhine before Men: that 
they^ feeing your good IV&risy may think honourably 
of your Religion || • Jlfay glorify your F4 THE jE, 
0^3 which 

• Numb, xviii. 23. f John xiv. 15. J Johhxv. 5, 
II Matt. v. 16. Therefore, bv our LORD in this 
Place, and b^ St. Paid in his^Epiftle to Titusy good Worka 
^ are called K«»a« i^/i, gtactful^ beauteous^ ornamentals^ 

i36 f) I A L O C U E V. 

wBich ts in Heaven ; ^ird fay, with thofe Profilytft 
mentioricd'by the'F^rophet, fPe fidill go mth ycii. • 
.. 'Are not ihtfc ObirgStfons ?— ^Real OM?gatioiis ? 
DStifeafiohs, ^hbfe'^ealfiy wifl tfevertc dHpttted, 
wliofeTbrce muftiUvk/s be felt, IVy the true 'Be- 
liever.— IX^ 'w then niah void iSe^iatOj thrdUghah 
'ini^uted 'feigh'tedufnefs ? No, veril^ : 'but— iff ^Gra- 
'titude to 'the (if'iidified yESUS^ haVfc Utty'cbn- 
*ftraihiriglhfluehce ; If a CJoncefn for oUr oWnCdm- 
fbrt and topjiinefs hWe anfy perftiafive Eiieigy ; if 
tliere be any Tliiitg Inviting, any Thfrig rfeflr'able, 
-in the Profpe'a of h'ohciuring GyD, and'e'difyinig 
Man— ^^ e/fal^l/flf the Law. Fy \ll ' thefe^^gfen^rous, 
banly, eKddariiig Rtdtives, we enfofce its Pre- 
cepts, and '^^ovide for its ObTervanfc^. 

75^^r. SftoUld Wcavimit this Doarine, MahWrtd 

could no longer be confidercd as in themfelvcs, and 

*felely in thfe1nftl\fes ' acduntable ^Cfeattxrcs. . ;Nor 

wbuld the future- Jud^hiehtbe'ahf^W/tfJ/^Diftri- 

'Ibutioh ^of ^ewirds land Tu'niflmients^; biit only 

tjOpVa^fuf^nd'iiiicontfbufabTe' Execution' of his 

own af bitra#y'land irrdverfible Decrees. 

, Jfp> "I " have rieVer "Seen accuftbnicd ' to 'cbnlJder 

'Marik'md, ^ri^er'tfee Gofpel "Difpehfatibtt, as'ac- 

'countabU^^Wyin^th'enifelves. Becaiife, in tKi$ 

c6mf6rtableHrfd bem^in Scheme, a MEDIATOR 

'intervenes^'; uHd^feffakigs to "arifwer ' for his Pebple; 

and ^tiis t1\iehdJf)pmeHi of U^if Peace.— Wttt'Wt 

"accbunta^le folely in Ociifefves, CHRIST as our 

:^grkt*HtGH-Pi^I3^ST, 'would be (etafrde ; and 

his Sacrifice,' as a Propidition for Sin, be of none 

. ^ "Vyhy nriay .not the^utyre Judgnncn^^ 
able Diftribulion'of Kewards and Punifliinents ? If 



tjAdfe, who re^a the AtoneniiEnt,^|heilxirig^0[^ 

•S-tW, and refufe to depend .on .his yC!ar\{\mmfi^ 

Righteoufnefs, are^left toAandorifaH, accpjcding^Jp 

^lbeclfllie<9f-tlieirowniG)bedien£e. -If JB^lievQjrs) on 

the ^tber *and, are acceptfid through their Qjcgk 

Meritorious R E^D^EME R ; hutrewacdediwith 

4iighcr or inferior ^D^grees of .Eelicity, .inlPropar- 

'tiontO'the Sanjli^-of tbsirl^ture, zxsi'JJGBlulxutCs 

of their Lives. — I fee nothing arbitraty in.tbisd^so* 

^<jedtire ; but -an admiHibleiMixtureiof jjuft 6«v*rity, 

*aftd free Goodnefs^-^O^^hofe^iwhaisjcflithe Atone- 

-ment, -Ju/i S^vsrUy — To tfeofc, JvJio.ieljr^oiijkihcir 

SAVIOUR, ^free:Go(i4nrfs. 

Tier, ^The. Obedience oi C^HRd&T ,ya^ ,^^Iy 
-idtte-forHira&lf j-4uid therefore could\not. merit for 

i^fp. -A boH Aflcrtion this ! Whoever jcaniwAe 
-it^ood, wJlinfallibljr overthmw jny 0|uni(m ; jaitd 
-«Mbkt€ly ^eftroy^jny. Hopes. But fuisely, . Tkftw^ 
it- is-not jFOur real Sentiment. 

Gould it then be Matter ^fiDuty in iJbie..fiterfii^I - 
-S OtsT, to be bom of a Woman ; .and in jthe 
- L OR D -of Lprds, to become the Servant of«aU ? . 
Could it be Matter of the KING.of 
-Glory, ta^it^race the Infamy of :the. Cr6fs;:aod 
in the PR" I N C E of. Life, to pour, out his: Swl 
' unto- Death f-^I£ alii this was Matter of cDuty, the 
-cver-bl€fled7fiS£/5-(How.ihalM Ipeakit? .Who 
can believ&.it ?) : was-^no better, than an unpr^tahJe 
Servant*, For, fach is the acknowledged Cha- 
rafter-of One, who does na^nore, than-^^ 

9rA?r.j'Not fo faft, «or yebccaieyat,- my 
"Ffie^id, Remcmbpr what the Scripture fEffirnAs. 



CHRIST is there faid to receive a Comhiandmtttf 
and be fubjeSf to the Law. Both which , Expref- 
iions imply Obligation and Duty, . 

Jfp. In order to accomplifh our Redemption, the 
:S O N of G O D fubmitted Himfdf to the Com- 
^mandment. But this was his own fponjtaneous hSk. 
•The Matter of his free Choice. To which. He 
ilay upder no Obligation, till He engaged to be- 
come our Surety. 

Being in the Farm of G ODy He was Lord of the 
*Law ; and no more fubjeft to its Commands, than 
■ obnoxious to its Curfe. Neverthelefs, ffe took upon 
Him the Form of a Servant $ and was made under the 
Law. — ^Wherefore ? Becaufe it was his bounden 
Duty, to put his Neck under the Yoke * ? Impof- 
fible to imagine ! — Or, that He might obtain ever- 

• lafting Life and Glory for Himfelf ? . No fuch 
' Thing. But that He might redeem thofe who were 
K under the Law f- From which it appears, that 
-both his Engagement and his Obedience were, not 

. for Himfelf, but for his People.— Therefore the 

• Prophet cries out, with holy, Exultation; To Us a 
^ Child is born ; To Us a Son is given X ! His incarnate 

State and human Nature, together with all that He 
did and fufFered in both, were for Us : thofe affulticd 
on our Account, thefe referred to our Advantage. 

Let Us confider this, and be amazed ! and be i 

charmed ! — The great univerfal LORD vouch- j 

• fafes to pay univerfal Obedience ! What Condefcen^ • i 


♦ A£):s XV. 10. + Gal. iv. 5. 

% Ifai. ix. 6. • Eft praterea ^mphafis fingularis in Voce 

. Dobis. Significat /V/, quod omnes fentiunty noftro Bono tc 

Commodo natum ejfe hunc Puerum Imperatorem, Vi T r i ng . 

The Original is, not ^b for Himfelf but wV for Us, 

and our Good : for Us Men^ and our Salvation, 


fion vr2& Here! — He vouchfafes t6 pay it, for U* 
Mltiy and for our Redemption ! What Goodmji 
was this ! 

Ther. Before We indulge the devotional Strain^ 
We fhould take care that our Devotion is founded 

.on rational Principles. Otherwife it may prove, 

.not like the Fire on the Altar, which was always 
burnings and never went out ; but like the Flafh of a 

* Sky-rocket, which glitters one Moment, and is 

, cxtinguiihed the next. — Supp©fc I fhould fay; AIJ 
this Obedience was neceffajy in CHRIST^ as a 
qualifying Condition for the Prieftly Office ; and in 
order to confer Merit, on the Sacrifice of his 

Jfp. This You are welcome to fay. But I hope. 
You will not, like a certain Acquaintance of ours, 
be determined never to unfay or retraS, what You 
have once-affirmed.—- You will pleafe to remember, 

. That there was no need of any fuch qualifying Con- 
dition: the Dignity of our LORD's Perfon, be- 

. ing, of itfelf, fufficient to render his Sacrifice in- 
finitely fatisfaftory, and infinitely meritorious. 

Hence it will appear, that, for every Thing ad- 
vanced upon this Subject, We have a folid Foun- 
datio(i, in Reafon, as well as in Scripture. — Scrip- 

.' ture teaches Us, that the Man CHRIST JESUSy 
was united to the fecond Perfon of the eternal 
TRINITY.— Reafon affures Us, that, by Vir- 
tue of this Union, He muft have an unqueftionable 
Right to everlafting Jyife and Glory. If fo. He 
could be under no Neceffity of obeying, in order 
to procure either Honour or Happinefs for Himfelfl 

^ —Therefore, all that He performed, in Conformity 

to the preceptive Part of the Law, He performed 

5 under 


ntfidbrthc-OharaAer of a pitMic P^fon : hi thePlaoe^ 
^an'd Tdr tte^Stncfittrf" hisfpiritual Seed. That they 
might be interefted in it, and juftified by it. 

'^er. 'Be it fo: the -Believer h interefted in 
"C^^IST^ Itightcotrfnefs.— Pray, is He ktcrcfted 
^tn -afl, yJrt>rily-in 'Part ? — If in ^//, then every Be- 
liever is *e(ju^lly rfghteoift, and ^equalhy to -be re- 
Vardeil. ^hich is contrary to an allowed Maxim, 
^hat thifife willbe different -Allotments of ^Happi- 
-iiefs i^theheiivcrtly Wdfld. — If in Part only, hotir 
"Vfll You afcertain the Degree ? What Prppbrtion 
""belongs to this Perfon, and what to the>othcr?— 
'Either "Way, your S6hetae is inextricably cm- 

Jfp. The Reply to myTheron^s Enquiry, ls*eafy ; ^ 

"arid the'Embarraffment'He mentions. Is but imagi- 
nary. — Every true 'Believer is interefted in all ^ 
CHKISTs Righteodfnefs ; in the «;)E^<?/^ 'Merit of 
his f^otlefsTfature, of his peffeft Obedience, *alid '\ 
expiatory Death. '^ Is CHRIS tdivtde^? SM "\ 
*' a holy Perfon in his laft Moments. V(o ; I have 
« the whole of his'Rightcoufncfs. JllthztHeiid^ 
*« all ihat'He fufFercd for the Redemption 6f 'Sin- [ { 
** ncrs, is mine." ' j 

You are a great Admirer of Anatomy, 'Therorty 
and muft undoubtedly remember the very peculiar 
Strudlure of the £^r. " Other Parts of thd'Body ve • • 

progrcffivc in their Growth. Their "Bulk is pro- 
portioned' to the infantile, or manly Age. But the 
"^Organs of Hearing, I have been informed, are pre- 
cifely o^ ihc fame ^\zQ^ in the feeble Infant, and the 
confirmed Adult. — ^Jiiftification likewife, being abi 
•folutcly neceflary to a' State of Acceptance wfth 
G pDr is,* ill every* Stage of the Chriftian Courft, 



£) I A L ^G tr fe r. ^35 

^na cv^n in the fifft DaVn df 'fiheere Faifli, cora- 
"plcfe. With regard to the Exijience <5F the Privi- 
lege, there is no Difference * in the Babes," thfe 
yoiing Men, the Fathers in CHR IS T. The Per- 
^fiptionj the Afjunrnte^ the comfortable jEw/^vrt^/ df 
fhe Benefit, may increafe. But the Benefit itfelf 
^s incapable of Augmentation. 

The various Advances in Sanftificaticfn, account 
for the various Degrees of future 'Griory. Not ad- 
X:ount for them only, but render them entirely rea- 
-foniable ; and, accordii^ -to oiir Apprehenfion, <f ' 
Things, unavoidable. Even as-they fcem perfedtfy 
agreeable, to t)ie Reprefentatibns of the Gofpcl f.-*- 
As to fettling the Proportion^ We may fafely leafe 
that to the Supreme A R B I T RJ^T OR. He, 
Who meteth out the Heavens with a Span, and fetteth 
a Compafs upon the Face of the Deep, cannot be at* a 
lofs to adjuft this Particular. 

Ther. The Organs of Hearing, though not pre-< 
cifely, zre very nearly, df the fame Bulk, in the Babe 
and the Man. They acquire, from advanciitg 


• To the fame Purpofe Cptaks oiit oJF our moft cefc- 
br^ted Divines ; as great an Adept in facred Literature, 
as. Ages have ^roduped. — ** All arejuftified aliJ^e; the 
*^'Yru}h of Faith juftifyirig, "not the Mea/ure. 'juftifica- 
«* tfon therefore is the fame in'' All that believe : though 
*'ahcir Belief be in different Degrees. So, once in the 
" , Wildernefs, all gathered not MaAna in the fame Mea^ 
'"^farej'yet, when all came to meafure, they had all 
«* ' afike ; none above an Omer, none under." 

LlGHT^OOT, Vol, II. p. 10^2. 

t SceDHn.idl 3. r Ci?r. lii. 8. zCor.'ix, 6. Lij^e 

>ix. 12, 13, ^c. Where t^e Servant, that gained five 

Pounds, is ip^de Ropier over five Cities; -while another, 

'who acquiifed^'dduble ^^'Sttm, ^ii promoted to doulile 



Years, fcarce any Thing mor§ ^han an Increafe of 
Solidity* So that I tnake qq Objedioi^ to yqur II*- 

.lttftr^tipQ> but only to your Doctrine. '^ 

It CHRIST has done all, and wc are entitled 
to bis wlK>Ie Merits only by bqlieving^ to^be faved, 

\mu!t he the ^a/iejl Thing in the World. Whereas, 
the Bible rcprefents Chriiiianity, as a Rtug and a 
Wfiff^^y a State of Conflia and a.Courfe of Striye- 

.iBg.-— In good Truth, Jfpafa^YoM prophefy pleafing 

.Thisjgs, pivinity is not your Profeffioij i or elfe, I 
flfeould number You among " the fmqpth, emollient,- 

, ** downy DQ<3ors*" For, according to the Axticks 
of your Creed, there is no more Difficulty in ac-- 

. quiring Heaven and Salvation^ than in rifing^fi:om 

^ o«ir Seat. 

Jfp. If Wc confider the Enjoyment of Heaven* 

. in a legal View; if We regard it, as an Acqtiifition 
to be made by Ourfelves; it will then be, I fay 
not cy.tremely di^cult, but abfolutely injpoffible, 

. Whereas, if We confider it in the Evangelical 
light ; if We regard it, as the Gifi of Q 01) j it 
is then attended with no other Difficulty, than that 
which confifts in believing the Report, and receiv- 

. iBig Ae Grace of the Gofpel. — To bilievey is ccr- 

. tainiy a moft eafy Thing in itfelf ; and would be 

' c<iju^?y cafy to Us, were not our Minds darkened 

' arxd enfeebled by the Corruption of Nature, aflault- 
ed and embarraiTed by the Temptations of Satan *. 
On Account of thefe Impediments, We often find 
the Duty of Believing accompanied with DifficuJ- 
ties ; with many and great Difficulties ; fuch as will 
abundantly juftify the Language of the Apoftle, 

. when 

• 5*.^/? Marfh?!!!*! Gofpel-Myfierj of SanfUfcntion. E^it. 
6. pag. 203, fcff. 


Vfhm He fpeaks of 'Fighting the good Fight ♦, and 
running the Race f of Fmih. 

A Sinner, feeking for Heaven and Salvation, 1 
would not compare to an adive Gentleman rifing 
from his Seat ; but rather to a Jbip-wrecked Mari-^ 
ner, labouring to gain fome Place of Safety. — He 
cfpies a large -Rocky which rears its Head aibove the 
boifterous Flood. To this He bears away, and to 
this He approaches : but, whirling Winds, and 
dafliing Wave's, drive Him back to an unhappy Dis- 
tance. — ^Exerting ^11 his Strength, He advances 
nearer ftill; and attempts to climb the defirablc 
Eminence. When; a fwecping Surge interpofes, 
and drenches Him in the rolling Deep. — ^By deter- 
mined EfForts, He recovers the Space He had loft. 
Now, He fattens on the Cliff, and has almoft 
efcaped the Danger. But, there is fuch a Numb- 
nefs in his Limbs, that He cannot maintain his 
Hold ; and fuch an impetuous Swell in the Ocean, 
that He is once ijiore diflodged, and plunged afrelh 
into the raging Billows. — ^What can He do ? His 
Life, his precious Life, is at ftake. He muft re- 
new, ftill renew, and never' intermit his Endea- 
vours. — Neither l^t Him abandon Himfelf to Dc- 
fpair. The MASTER fees Him, amidft all his' 
fruitlefs Toil. Let Him cry earn'eftly; LORD^ 
'fave me ! I peri/h ! And HE, who commandeth 
• the Winds and the Waves, will put forth his be- 
neficent Hand ; will refcue Him from the devo;ir- 
' ing Sea ; and fet his Feet upon the Rock. Ena- 
bling hihi to believe^ to the Salvation of his SouL ^ 

Such, my Friend, fo painful^ fo ajjiduousj are fre- 
quently thelConfli^s of an awakened Sinner j before 

f I Tim. vi. \z. f Heb. xii. i, 2. 


238 D I A X. Q G U B V. 

it is givea Him *- ta rfft, in p^g^ul Securi^, on 
the Rock of jges, CHRIS T^SUS. Q( thi^ 
You oiaj, ibme Time or ot^r, b^ affiir^ not opij 
from my Lips, but from your oMrn Expejienc^. 

[ Tber. What may happen in fome future Period 
of Time, is beyond my PoTii^cr to forefee. At pjrcr 
feat, I a^ apt to think. We muft put a ftop to tbe 
tfieological Le£ture. Don't You. remember our 
Engagement with JltinotfsF Aq^ You will own, 
that Punduality in perfcgrming our '^ToniiC^^ is ^ 
Ifaft a m^al Virtue, if it he not a dkriJUm Gra$:ft« 

• Pha. i. ^g. 

P I A- 




F SPAS JO'S Affairs calk?d Him to Lon^ 
don. He iWn^ in Towa ai f)»v 'D&p^ 
But as foon as Bufin^fs was finilhed, 
he quitted the City, and hafiened to his 
Friend's Country-feat. — Upon his Arri- 
val:! He found fome agreeable Company, who came 
on p:urpofe to fpend an Evening with the Family. 
This Incident, gave a Refpite from Controverfy, 
aAd prevented the immediate Profecution of their 
Pebate.— As the next Morning proved niifty, and 
uniit for walking abroad, Theron invited AffqfiQ. tQ 
pafs an Hour in his Study. 

jt was fituatc at the Extremity ojT a large Gal- 
texy: w^ich, while it conducted \^% Fe^t to a Re- 
pofitoay of Learning, interpoftd b^twe^n tJie Jar, 
and ^U the Difturb^cc of donieftic ^ifairs. So that 
Yau a^e accommodated with every Thing, that may 
r4g<^ ^ ftudious Mind \ and ift«om?aqded W4th np- 
Ai«g« that m^y interrupt a fed^^ Attention.-?* 
Jfpafio readily conffijotsd to the Propof^il \ but der, 
fired, firft, to take a Turn in this beautiful Ohlongy 
and divert Himfelf with the Decorations of the 
• 6 ^p* 

240 D I A L O G U E VL : 

. Afp. A very fliort Survey, Tlieron^ is fufficient t* 
difcover the Correfttiefs of your Judgment, and the 
true Delicacy of your Tafte. — Here, are no imperti- 
nent arid frivolous Exhibitions, of romantic Talcs, or 
poetic Stories. Here, are no indecent Pieces of Ima- 
gery, that tend to corrupt a chafte, or inflame a 
wanton Fancy. — On the contrary, I am prefented • 
with a Collefliion of Maps, accurately drawn by the 
moft able Hands i and with feveral remarkable 
Tranfaffcions of Antiquity, moft eloquently told in 
the Language of the Pencil. — You have happily hit 
that grand Point, which the Gentleman of Refine-* 
ment, as well as the Author of Genius, fliould ever 
keep in his View — The Union of the Beneficial ytxxh 
the Delightful *. 

T/?er. Indeed, my Afpafto^ I have often been dif- 
appointed, fometimes even fhocked, in the Gardens, 
the Porticos, and the Walks of feme modern Vir-- 
tuoji. Their Pourtraits and Statues are little elfe, 
hut an Aflemblage of elaborate Trifles. Ixion' 
ftretched upon the Wheel^ or Phaeton precipitated 
from the Chariot. Apollo ftringing his Lyre, or 
Jupiter (I beg his fupreme Highnefs's Pardon, for 
not giving Him the Precedence in my Catalogue) 
beftriding his Eagle, and balancing his Bolts. — 
Pray, where is the Advantage of being introduced' 
to this fabulous Tribe of Gentry ? What noble Idea 
can they awaken, or what valuable Impreffion leave 
upon the Mind? The beft We can fay of fuch- 
Performances, is. That they are Limning and 
Sculpture expenfively thrown away. 


• Omni tulit Pun^um, ^ui mifcuit Vtik Dula\ Hoit» 

DIAL O G U E VI. 241 

This celebrated Trumpery, One can bear with, 
however. But, when the Painting and Sculpture, 
inftead of cultivating Virtue, and improving our. 
Morals, are calculated to be the very Bane of bcth-^ 
will You call this an elegant Entertainment ? No : 
'tis a Nuifance. ^Tis a Peft. — In the Statues^ I grant, 
every Dimple finks, and every Mufcle fwells, with 
the exadleft Propriety. The Countenance is ani* 
mated with Life, and the Limbs are ready to ftart 
into Motion.— The PiSfurey L am fenfible, is as 
highly finiihed as the Effigy, The Diftributions 
of Light and Shade moft artfully adjufted. The 
Diminutions of the Perfpedive true to a Nicety. 
Nor can any Thing exceed the eafy Flow of the 
Robe, unlefs it be the graceful Attitude, and almoft 
fpeaking Afpeft, of the principal Figure. — ^But, is 
this majierly Execution an Equivalent for the moft 
malignant Effe<as ? For fullying the Purity of my 
Fancy, and poifoning the Powers of my Imagina- 
tion ? 

Is it an Indication of the Owner's judicious Tafte, 
to prefer Regularity of Features in the hammered 
Block, before orderly and harmonious AfFeftions in 
his own Breaft ? Does it befpeak a refined Difpofition, 
or a benevolent Temper, to be fo extravagantly ena- 
moured with the Touches of a lafcivious Pencil j as 
to expofe them in the moil frequented PaiTages, and 
obtrude them on every unwary Gueft?— Surely, this 
can create no very advantageous Opinion of a Gen- 
tleman's intelle^ual Difcernment. Much lefs can it 
raife an amiable Idea of his vmral Chajra<^er *• On 


♦ Tis Pitjr^ but the Advice of Cicero^ (that great Maf- 

ter of eieg^TafiCi and pojite Manners) was received 

Vol;!, R as 


fuch Occafions, I am ftrongly tempted to fufpefl, 
'That real Honour is a Stranger, where comrtion 
Decency * is wanting, 

• As for the Artift, One can hardly forbear execrat- 
' ing his hateful Folly, who could proftitute fuch fine 
Talents to fuch infamous Purpofes. — Detefted be the 
Chizzel ! that teaches, though with inimitable Dex- 
terity, the cold obdurate Marble to enkindle diffolute 
AiFedtions. — Abhorred be the Pencil ! that makes 
ho other Ufe of the moft lovely Colours, than to 
pollute the Canvafs, and enfnare the Spedlator,^ 

It is argued, I know, that many of thofe Pieces 
are the completeft Models extant. — An everlajiing 
Reproach this to the Art: but no. Apology for the 
Performances. Since, the more nicely they are exe- 
cuted, the more mifchicvous f is their Influence. It 


as a Standard of Regulation, by all our Connoi^eurs in 
the fine Arts. In prims provideau ne Ornanunta JEdinia 
atque Hortorum Fititan aliquod indictnt inejfe Mi^ribus. 
De Offic. 

* A Gentleman, obferving feme grofs Indelicacies of 
this Kind, at the Seat of a rerfon of Diftin6tion, very 
acutely (and, I believe, toojaftly) faid; 

His Paintings are the Gibbet of bis Name. 

+ I hope, it will not be thought improper i I wifti, it 
was entirely needlefs ; to animadvert upon a Praftice, 
which is, not only a Reproach to ow Chrifiian ProfeJJionj 
. but an Infult upon national Decorum* The Practice of 
cxpofing to public View, and offering to public Sale, 
fuch fhameful Prints ; as are fitted only to awaken li- 
centious Defires, and cherifh the moft profligs^t« Pjf- 
' portions. 

Such Speftacles are a Species of ^t^ankeft Poifon. 

."And can the Poifon be lef^ pernicious, becaufc it i| rc- 

: ceived at the Eye, inftead of paffihg through the Lf]^? ? 

JBecaufe it tends more immediately to.dijbauch the Morals, 

6 * and 

D 1 A L O G U E VI. 243 

ftrikes the furer, and finks the deeper. It dreffeg 
Deftruftion gay, and paves with Beauty the Way 
to Ruin. 

It is my chief Ambition, Afpafio^ to have all my 
Decorations fo circumftanced, that the Beholder 
may learn fome valuable Precept in Morality, or be 
reminded of fome important Event in Hiftory : may 
find, even in the Scenes of his Amufement, fome- 
jthing to eftablifh his Virtue, or enlarge his Know- 

I frequently entertain my eldeft Son, who is read- 
ihg the Greek and Latin Hiftorians, with an Expla- 
nation of my principal Drawings. That he may 
behold in Colouring, what He has perufed in Nar- 
R 2 rative. 

and hut remotely to dcftroy the Conftitution ? — No Won- 
der^ fo many of our Youths are corrupted, and fo many 
Robberies committed ; while fuch Scenes of pidlured 
Lewdnefs are fuiFered to inflame them with Luil, and 
habituate them to Impudence. 

Another veiy indecent Cuftom hks unaccountably ftole 
Its way, into leveral Performances of Genius' and Ele- 
gance. The Cuftom, I mean, of repreienting the Mufes% 
the Graces^ and other romantic Perfonages, in the Form 
of beautiful Ladies, partly, if not entirely, naked.-^Tis 
true, here are no loofe Adventures ; no immodeft Gef- 
tures ; nay more, the Artift expreiTes Ins omin^ and con- 
fults our Modeily, by prefenting us with a Poiition in 
Profile, by the Intervention of a Foliage, or the Lappet 
of a Robe. — But let me afk the ingenious Operator, If 
He would choofe to introduce his Wife or his IXaughter, 
in fuch a Manner, to public Company ? — Is He ftartled 
at the Quefliori ? Is He (hocked at the Thought ? Then, 
let Him refled, and let Others confider. Whether that 
can be graceful or allowable in a Figure, which would 
be brutal and unfufTer^ble in common Life ? 

Socrates (who, before his Application to Philofophy, 
pradifed as a Statuary] could not but blufh at this Abufe 
of his Art. And, being to form a Reprefentation of the 
Graces^ He rcprcfented them properly habited. 

244 D I A L O G U E VI. 

rative. — At this Inftantj the Youth happened fo 
make his Appearance ; paying his Refpecfts to Af^ 
paftq^ and dutifully faluting his Father. — It juft re- 
curs to my Memory, faid Theron^ that fome necef- 
fary Affairs of the Family, require my Attendance 
for a few Minutes. Will You excufe my Abfencc, 
good Afpafto J and permit my Son to fupply my 
Place ? 

You will very much oblige me, by leaving me 
fuch a Companion. — ComCj my dear Sir, addref- 
fing Himfelf to Eugenio \ as I knov/ You are a Lover . 
of Learning, what think You of diverting Ourfelves 
with thefe agreeable Books ? Which give Us their 
inftruftive Leffbns, not in puzzling Languages, 
but in pleafing Colours, — Eugenio fpoke his Con- 
fent, and exprcfled his Mod^fty in. a becoming 
Bliifli. — While Afpafto proceeded — 

Afp. This IS a ftriking Piilure indeed ! Hills piled 
on Hills form a moft aftonifliing Profpeft. What 
horrible Magnificence reigns amidft thofe Rocks and 
Snows! Nature feems to have defigned them for 
the Boundaries of the World. Yet thofe daring 
Troops are attempting to burft the prodigious Bar- 
rier. Who are they, Eugenio^ and whom fliall We 
call their Leader ? 

Eug. This, Sir, is the famous Hannibal^ heading 

and encouraging his Army in the Paffage of the Alps. 

The Sons of Africa ^(i^vci to fhiver with Cold, as they 

. traverfe tl)ofe frozen Regions, and march among the 

Ck)ud^, , / ' , 

Afp, 'Tis the very ' fame. ; Some, You obferve, 
climb, with exceilive Toil, the fteep and craggy 
Cllfts. Others, with far greater Difficulty,' de- 


D I A L O G U E VL 245 

•(cend through dreadful Declivities of Ice; ex- 
ppfed all the while, to the Arrows of the Moun- 
taineers. — Some, endeavouring to avoid the Showers 
of Steel, flip with their Feet, and tumble headlong 
down the vaft projefting Promontories. See ! from 
what a Height they are falling ! Carriages and their 
Drivers, the Horfe and his Rider ! And at what a 
Difliance ftill, from the ftony Abyfs below ! — Som% 
lie, with clofed Eyelids, and ghaftly Features, 
dalhed to death at the Bottom. Others, writhing 
with the Torture of mangled Limbs, and broken 
Bones, lift up an agonizing Look to their Com- 
rades. ^^Their Comrades, infenfible of a Brother's 
Mifery, and wholly intent upon their own Security, 
hang in frightful Elevation on the very Edges of 
the Precipice. The Precipice feems to totter, as 
they cling; and the alarmed Spe6lator expedls, 
every Moment, a hideous Downfal. — :Are You not 
ftartled at the View, Eugenioy and in pain for the 
hardy Adventurers ? ' 

Eug. I am, Sir. And I wonder, hdw they v/ill ex- 
tricate tkemfelves from thefc perilous Circumftances. 
1 have read in Livy^ that they cut their Way through 
the Rocks, ^fter they had foftened them w'nAiVinegar. 
But is this probable ? Be the Fluid ever fo corroding, 
how could they procure a fufficient Quantity of it, 
amidft thofe defokte Mountains ? 

jifp. I believe, their Refolution and their Perfeve^ 
ranee ^ were the Vinegar. Theft open a Road through 
Rocks. Thefe, under the Conduct of Prudence, aq^d 
the Favour of Heaven *, fujrmou^t all Obftacles. 


* Under the Fan^our of Hcavefi — I cannot but wi(h, 

thjai the Relator of Lcnf Jnjhn*s Voyage round the Worlds 

R 3 ^ ha4 

346 D I A L O G U E VI. 

Influenced by thcfe, the Survivors prefs boldly on j 
and are determined to vanquifli the Horrors of Na- 
ture, as a Prelude to their Vi^ory over the Forces 
of Rome. Let thefe, Refolution and Perfeverancc 
I mean, be the Companions of my Eugenio*s youth- 
ful Studies, and they wiU enable Him alfo to con- 
quer Difficulties — even all the Difficulties, which 
lie in his Way to Learning. 


had anticipated J/faJto^s Remark. Had made fonie grate-p 
fal Acknowledgments to an interpciing Providence^ 
in that mafculine, nervous, noble Narrative. — A Narra* 
tive of fuch iignal Deliverances, fo critically timed, and 
fo furprifmgly circumftanced ; as, in the Courfe of one 
Expedition, are fcarcely to be paralleled. 

J am perfuaded, it would have been no Difparagement 
of the great Commander, and his gallant Officers ; to 
have it thankfully recognized, on fome very unexpedled, 
yet moft advantageous Turn of Affairs, this hath 
GOD DONE ! — Neither could it have detracted from 
the Merit of the brave Sailors, to have confeffed, on many 
hazardous Emergencies ; That all their Refolution, all 
their Addrefs, and the Exertion of their utmoft Abilities, 
had been only Iqfi Laiour, without the remarkable Co- 
operation of Divine Goodnefs. — And I am apprehenfive, 
that it muft confiderably diminiih the Delight of many 
Readers, toobferve the bleffed AUTHOR of «// thefe 
Mercies, pafTed by unnoticed, unacknowledged, and 
without any Share of the Praife, 

The Sarcafm on Pope Adrian the Sixth, would, I fear, 
be too applicable on this Occafion. Being advanced t6 
the Pontifical Chair, . He built a College at towvain ; 
and caufed the following Account of his Rife and Pre- 
ferments, to be infcribed over the Gate ; TrajeSium plan* 
tavrty Lowvanium riga<fjity Cafar Incretnentum dedit, U- 
trecht planted ; Lowuaifi watered ; the Emperor gave the 
Increafe. Under which, iome impartial Hand, to re^ 
buke the Ungodlinefs and Vanity of the Poiitiff, added ; 
• nu DEUS nihil fecit. In all this, GOD and his Pro^ 
%idence had nothing fo do / 

I> I A L O G U E VI. 147 

What is our next Draught ? At each End We 
have a Group of living Figures. All the interme- 
diate Space is an extenfive Trafl: of Land, diverfi- 
fied only by rapid Rivers, horrid Defarts, and 
mountainous Ridges ; with here and there a few fa- 
vage Natives, in uncouth Drefles, and formidable 
. Arms. — ^It is more like a Map^ than a P^ef^re. P^nA. 
the moft remarkable Beauty is, the aerial Perfpc-- 
the. Which puts a very agreeable Cheat upon our 
Eyes ; caufmg Us to behold, on an Ell of Canvafs, 
the Space of many Hundreds of Miles. ' 

Eug. This reprefents The Retreat of the Ten Thoj^- 
Jmd Greeks. Firft We behold them in the Plains 
of Media \ at an immenfe Diftance from their na- 
tive Country \ without Guides 5 without Prcjvifion 5 
and, what is the moft defperate Calamity of all, 
deprived of their ableft Officers by Treachery and 
^urder. — Well may they look dejeded. How have 
I pitied their Cafe, as I read their Story ! Abhorred 
the Perfidy of their Enemies, and wiflied them all 
Succefs in their hazardous Enterprize ! 

Afp, Don't you perceive, their drooping Spirits 
I begin to revive, and fome Gleam of Hope difFufps 

I itfelf through their Countenances, whjle they Ijften 

f to the eloquent Xenophon ? Who ftands c^nfpicu- 

i ' ous in the Midft, haranguing his Soldiers, and 

I roufmg their Courage. But, Ah ! what a vaft Ex- 

^ tent of unknown Climes muft tbey traverfe, with a 

P' numerous and viftorious Army, haraffing them in 

c Flank, or hanging upon their Rear ! What Fatigues 

[ muft they fuftain, what Hardfliips endure, before 

I they arrive at their wiftied-for Home ! — Horrie ! 

\ Fired by the enchanting Name, and animated by 

their brave philofophic Leader, they refolve to puih 
R 4 their 


their Way through all the Extremes of Peril and 6( 
Pain. To fcatter, with their little Band, the in- 
circling Millions of Barbarians^ is the fmalleft^ of 
their Achievements. They crofs Rivers, they fcale 
Rocks, whofe flippery Banks, and craggy Sum- 
mits, are lined with oppofing Nations. They wade 
through Defarts of Snow ; and pafs over inhofpit- 
able Mountains, the far more dreaded Abodes of 
Defolatioriy Droughty and Famine. They encottnter 
the Keennefs of the northern Storm, and all the 
Rigour of the moft malignant Seafons.— As fome 
of thefe Articles ar^ incapable of being exprcfled by 
the Pencil, the Artift remits Us to the Hiftorian ; 
and has contented Himfelf, with marking out the 
moft diftinguiflied Stages of this memorable Expe- 
dition. Only We view the courageous. Itinerants, 
once again, on a pretty lofty Eminence. There 
they appear, not with their former Dejection, but 
in all the Tranfports of Joy. 

Eug. This, Sir, is the Mountain Tecqua, From 
whence they had the firft View of the Sea, and the 
firft Dawn of Safety. There they embrace one 
another, and extol their Commanders, efpecially 
the noble Xenophon. Whofe Hiftory, filled with 
great Exploits and extraordinary Events, turns my 
Talk into a Pleafure ; and his manly yet beniga 
Afpe£t, ftrangely attrads my Eftecm. Methinks, 
under fuch a General, I could have be^ willing to 
take my Share, in all the Toil, ^nd al4 the Hazards 
of the Expedition. 

Jfp. Would my Eugenio ? Then I will lift Him 

under a Captain, unfpeakably more accomplifhed 

and beneficent. Young as You are, You Ihall, 

from this Hour, commence a Soldier and aTraVeler. 

1 A 

I D I A L O G U E VL 549 

hSolSery to fight againft Sin, and every Tempta- 
tion. A Traveler^ to pafs through the Wildernefs 
of this World, unto the Land of everlafting Reft.— 
Though your Enemies may be numerous, and your 
Journey tedious, yet faint not, neither be difcou- 
raged. The LORD of Heaven is your Proteftor 
and Guide ; IJeaven itfelf fhall be your exceeding , 
great Reward, When You arrive at thofe happy 
' Abodes, your Delight will infinitely furpafs, all that 

the Grecians felt onTecqua-y when their raviflied Eyes 
beheld, and their Tongues with Extify fhouted, 
The Sea! The Sea/ 

The Scene of yonder Pifture, I would venture 
to affirm, lies among the antient yews. 

Bug. How can You tell this. Sir, at fuch a 
Diitance ? 

Jfp. By the Fringes in the Borders of their Gar<^ 
mentSj and on each Fringe a Ribband of Blue *.— ^ 
GOD Almighty commanded all the Jews^ to ob- 


* One would wonder, how the Je'iios can fo tenacioujly 
j adhere to their Law, and yet fo apparently negleft its Pre- 

I cepts. Where are the Sons of Abraham^ who obferve 

f this exprefs and pofitive Command of JEHOVAH? 

I Though this indeed might be obeyed, yet many of the 

Mo/aical Injundlions are rendered, and by nothing lefa 
; than the Difpenfations of Providence, abfolutely imprac- 

ticable. Is not this therefore a moft inconteftable Proof— 
r a Proof, not invented by the Arts of Sophiftry, but writ- 

1 ten by the Finger of the A L M I G H T Y himfclf— that 

the legal Ordinances are abolifhed, in order to make way 
for a better Difpenfation ? When the Avenues are become 
inaccejGBblc, the Houfe untenantable, and the principal 
Apartments irreparably decayed ; is not this the moft co- 
* * gent Admonition to the Inhabitants, that they betake 

I' thcmfelves to fome new and more commodious Refi- 

I dcncef— See iVff/w^. XV. 38. 


ferve this Peculiarity in their Habit. That, their 
very Clothes, being different from the Apparel of 
their Heathen Neighbours, might admoniih both the 
Wearers and the Beholders, not to be conformed 
to idolatrous Worfhip, and licentious Manners.— 
This, as well as every other divine Command, our 
LORD JESUS CHRIST moft exaSly obeyed. 
Therefore, We are told by the evangelical Hift6- 
rian. That the difeafed Woman, who touched buf 
the Hem' of his Garmenty was rejlored to Health. Hem 
it is, in our Englijh Bibles. But, if You confult 
that moft excellent of all Books, the Greek Tefta- 
ment; You will find, that the original Word 
might more properly be rendered Fringe ♦. — How- 
ever, let Us pafs from the Drapery to the Defign. 

Eug. Here, we fee David in one of the moft threat- 
ening Exigencies of his whole Life. Saul^ more like 
a Blood-hound than a King, purfues the beft of 
Sons, and the mofl* valuable of Subjeils. He has 
extended the Wings of his very fuperior Army, in 
order to furround f the injured Hero, and his Hand- 
ful of Affociates. 

.* Matt. ix. 20. Kpao-TTi^an. 

f To this, or fome fuch Incident, may be applied a 
Paflage of the P/almsy which, in our Tranflation, is very 
obfcure ; ha^ fcarce any Senfe, or, if any, a very unjufti- 
fiable one. Wherefore Jbould 1 fear in the Days of E^uiU 
ivhen the Wickednefs of my Heels compajfeth me round about ? 
Pi'alm xlix. ^. ^-Wherefore? The Reafon is very apparent. 
When Wickednefs cleaves to a Perfon's Heels, or habi- 
tually attends his Goings, it raifes an Army of Terrors. 
It unflieaths the Sword of divine Vengeance, and levels 
at his gui^lty Head every Threatening in the Book of 
GOD. . . 

Surely then another Tranflation ftiould be given to the 
Words, and a different Turo'to the Senfe ! And another 


D I A L O G U E VI. 251 

Afp. This is the moft animated, and, I think, the 
moft mafterly Performance, that has hitherto come 
under our Notice. — ^Confternation and Doubt agi- 
tate their Looks. Shall they furrender themfelves, 
as (o many tame Viftims, to a Tyrant's Fury ? Or, 
ihall they cut their Way to Safety, through the 
Hearts of Countrymen, Friends, and Brothers? 
Dreadful Dilemma ! — ^While th^y are debating, the 
Purfuers are clofmg upon, them. A few, a few 
Minutes more, muft decide their Fate. • 

Bug. I have fometimes wondered, that the good 
and gracious GOD, ftiould fufFer his chofen Ser- 
vant, to be brought into fuch imminent Peril. Ef- 
pecially, as infinite Wifdom, and almighty Power, 
could fo eafily have prevented it. 

Afp. So then it is a Cuftom with You, to confider 
what You read. You endeavour to difcern the Pro- 
priety of Scripture, and enter into its Defign. lu 


Tranflation the Words will bear ; a different Senfe the 
Connedion demands. Wherefore Jhould I fear y 'when Wick" 
ednefs compaffeth me about at my Heels P This is a fine fpi- 
fitcd Interrogation. This implies a great and edifying 
Truth. From this alfo the Verfe appears, not only with 
Propriety, but with Beauty . — WhenWickednefsy or the ma- 
licious Attempts of wicked Men — compafs me about^ fur- 
round me, threaten me on every Side — nay, when they 
are at my very Heels ^ jufl upon the Point to fcize, over- 
whelm, and crufli me ; fo that the Danger feem? both in- 
evitable and imminent. — Yet even then, having GOD's 
almighty Power and inviolable Faithfulnefs for my Pro- 
tedbion, ^wherefore Jhould' I be alarmed? Alarmed ! No ; 
confiding in fuch a Safeguard, I will bid Defiance to my 
Enemies, and bid Adieu to my Fears. 

According to this Interpretation, either theJPrefix :3, 
or the Prepolition ^j^, is, before the Word Opj;, to be 
underfbood. See Ifai, xviii. 3. Where both thefe Par- 
ticles, omitted in the. Original, are fupplied in our 


this I cannot but commend you ; becaufe, in this 
you follow the moft illuftrious Example. You imi- 
tate the bleffed JESUS. Who, about your Time 
of Life^ was found among the Dolors ; both hearing 
them^ with diligent Attention, while they expounded 
the Scripture ; and^ when the Point was not fully 
illuftrated, ajktng them ^ejiions * for his farther 
Information.^ — Go on, Sir, to examine what You 
perufc ; to enquire, where you do not underftand j 
and, if you think proper to'make me your Cafuift, 
when any Difficulty occurs, you will do me an Ho- 
nour, and give me a Pleafurc. 

As to the Cafe before Us — GOD almighty may 
fuiFer his chofen Servants to be brought into the 
moft imminent Peril, for thefe, among other, Rea- 
fons. That the Bleffing of Deliverance may be 
doubly welcome^ and the Power of delivering more 


* Luke ii. 46. CHRIST difputing <with the DoSlors^ 
is a very common Expreffion. People have been con- 
firmed in this Notion, by fome injudicious Piftures.— - 

• But this is, certainly, a Mifreprefentaticm of the Faft; 
and, I think, an Injury to our LORD's Charader. 

A Mffreprefcnfation of the FaSi — For We have not a 
Word faid by the Evangelifts, concerning any fuch 
Thing as Difputation. Neither are We told, that JE^ 
SUS was in the Profeflbr's Chair, but in the Place of a 
Learner ; or, in the Midfl of the Je-ivi/h Teachers, Who 
fat on Benches, ranged in a femicircular Figure, and 
raifed above their Hearers. For which Reaibn, their 
Hearers or Scholars are faid, to be in the Midfl of them, 
or to Jit at their Feet. Ads xxii. 3. 

Jn Injury to our LORD^s Charader — He was, in his 
tender, as wcH as in his riper Age, a Pattern for Mankind, 

, He praclifed, in each Period of Life, what was becoming 
and amiable, in that particular State. Now, as Modcfiy^ 
and a teachable Tcmpei', are effential to the Decorum of 
a youthful Condu-^; thefe, we may be aflured, were the 
^iiilnguiflilngCharaderiftics of his early Years ; were th« 
ink|.arable Concomitants of the holy Child JESUS, 


fignally confpkuous. — ^It is, I acknowledge, a Maxim 
with Men, to crufli the Cockatrice in the Egg. 
Becauie, when grown into a Serpent, it may not 
be eafy, perhaps not be poffible, to deftroy or con- 
troul the venomous Beaft. But the omnipotent 
RULER often takes the contrary Method. He 
permits Danger to arrive at the very Height. Mat- 
ters are reduced even to a hopelefs Extremity, Then 
He makes bare his holy Arm. Then He fends Help 
from his San£kuary. To let all Men fee; That 
Salvation, both temporal and eternal, is of t^he 
LORD; That no Cafe is irremediable, and no- 
thing impoffible with GOD. 

The Ruin of thefe People feems indeed to be in- 
evitable. — But who -is th^ Perfon that intervenes, 
juft at thU critical Jundture ? 

Eug* It is a Meflenger from the principal Inhabi- 
tants of Judea. He comes breathlefs and trem.bling. 
Amazementin hisFace, and Duft upon his Head. 
•* An Invafion !" He cries — " An Invafion ! — 
^* The Pbilijiines have poured themfelves upon our 
•' Frontiers ! — The Philijiines are over-running the 
'< Land * !" 

Jfp^ Upon the Receipt of this News, See ! what 
Vexation reddens in the difappointcd Monarch's 
Afpeft ! What Anger lightens In his Eye ! At the 
fame Time, what pale Refle«3:ions on his Country's 
Danger, mingle themfelves with the fiery Paffions, 
and almoft quench the Flame inkindling in his 
Cheeks. — Shall the Vulture relinqulfli his Prey, 
even when it lies fluttering under his Talons ? Gall- 

.^ • This Event is related, i Sam. xxiii. 25, tsfr. And 
it is one of the moll extraordinary Inflances pf a divine 
Interpofition, at the very Crifis of Need, that any Hif- 
tory has recorded. 

254 D I A L O Q U E VL 

ing Thought ! But his Kingdom is at ftake. If 
He does not immediately advance to repel the Ene- 
my, his All, his All is loft. Burning therefore 
with Indignation, yet chilled with Fear, < He turns, 
hafty though reluftant, away. — Are You not 
charmed, Eugenia^ with this Difplay of tumultuous 
and contrary Paffions ? Which afford the fineft Sub- 
jeft for hiftoric Painting, and' are fo happily cx- 
preffed in^this Piece. 

Eug. Indeed, Sir, I am Jhockedy rather than charm- 
ed. The very Looks of that revengeful Monarch 
fill me with Horror. What muft He fufFer in his 
Mind, who difcovers fuch Rage and Anguifh in his 
^ Features ! I would not have his furious Temper, for 
all his royal Power. 

Afp* Then, my dear Eugenic^ You muft endea- 
vour to fupprefs every Emotion of Envy and Male- 
volence. You muft cherifh a cordial Good-will to 
all Men ; and learn to rejoice in their Excellencies 
and Happinefs, as well as in yaur own* Envy is the 
Worm that gnaws. Envy is the Fury that embroils, 
his wretched Heart. And an Author, with whom 
You, will ere long be acquainted, has affured Us; 
Invidid Siculi nan invenere Tyranni 
rormentum majus. HoR. 

The next is a Kind of Night-piece. Stars are in 
the Sky, and the new Moon rides on the Skirts of 
the Hemifphere. Which' affords juft Light enough 
to diftinguifh ObjeSs. — This is a perfect Contraft 
to the foregoing. We fee no Con^iSt of jarring 
PafHons; no fierce Gefture, or mad Demeanour. 
But the principal Perfoh fedate ?ind compofed, 
as the Night that furrounds Him. He ftands on 
the Bank of a River, thoughtful and attentive ; as 



though he was pondering, or executing, fome im- 
portant Projeft. 

Eug. This is Cyrus the Great, He flands upon 
the Banks of the Euphrates ; not far from Babylon. 
He points with his Sceptre, and is giving Dire<9:ions 
to his Army. The Diredions are, to pafs through 
the Channel of the River (which is drained * of its 
Water) in order to furprife the City* 

jfjp,, This is a Prince of very fuperior Dignity. 
The honoured Inftrument of accomplifliing JE- 
HOVAH's Counfels. He was foretold by the 
Prophet Ifaiahj He was even mentioned by Name f , 
nriore th?in two hundred Years before his Birth. Let 
Us wi(h Him Profperity, For He goes to humble 
the Pride of Babylon^ and releafe the Captivity of 
IfraeL — See \ The Euphrates^ turned afide into the 
Drains, difcovers its immeyfe Bed. With what 
regular Movements^ and what calm Alacrity, the 
Troops advance. Silence feems to efcort them; 
while, under Covert of the Shades, and with Pro- 
vidence at their Head, they march along a Road, 
never before trodden by the Foot of Man J. — The 


* I^mlldry up thy Risers. Ifai, xliv. 27. f Ifai. 
xliv^ 28. xlv. I. 

X May not the Prophet {IfaL xli. 2, 3.) allude to this 
memorable March, when, foretelling the Viflories of 
Cyrus, He fays ? Who raifed Him up from the Eafi, called 
Him to his Footy ga<ve the Nations before Him, and 'made 
Him rule o^er Kings ? He purfued them, and pafed fafely, 
Kn> VC7 I0:i-ia nnK by the Way, fays our Tranflation; 
that He had not gone ixtith his Feet, But this reads flat, 
and appears inexpreflive. NHfonat magnum aut memorable. 
Might not the Sentence be rendered ? He pafled fafely, ^ 
hy a Way mjhich no Man had enjer gone nxjith his Feet, 

— Nullius ante 

TritaPede. ' 
This was real Faft ; and this is truly wonderful. 


Soldiers of the Garrifon, have abandoned their Sta- 
tion on the Wall, to join in the diffolute Indulgence 
of this fatal Night. The Inhabitants, like many a 
heedlefs Sinner, are lulled in Indolence, and dream* 
ing of Pleafures, even on the very Brfnk of Ruin. 
Bug. Why are thofe brazen Gates, which lead to 
• the River, placed in fuch a diftinguifhed Point of 
View ? They ftrike my Eye more,' I think, than all 
the Monuments of Art and Grandeur, which adorn 
that fuperb City. — ^And let me farther afk; Whether 
the Painter has not offended againft Probability, in 
fuffering them to ftand wide open i On the Approach, 
of fo formidable an Adverfary, I (hould expe£l to. 
have found them Ihut with all poffible Security* 

Jfp, In this Particular, the Painter has Ihewed 
his Judgment, and not forgotten his Piety. GOD 
had devoted that haughty and oppreffive Metropo- 
lis to Deftruftion. You will perceive, from this 
Circumftance, how wonderfully He ov^^rulis all 
Events, for the Accomplifliment of his facred Pur- 
pofes. Hai thofe ponderous Gates been fliut *, the 


* See this very momentous, though feemingly incon- 
fiderable Circumftance, finely illuftrated by Mr. Rolling 
and compared with a remarkable Prophecy in Ifcdah^ 
Antient Hift. Vol. IT. p. 144, 1 5 3. — A Work, in which 
the moft entertaimng and infiruSii've Events of Antiqoity, 
are regularly digefted ; elegantly related ; and ftripped 
of thofe minuter Incidents, which make the Story move 
flow, and are apt to fatigue the Attention. — Concife, but 
judicious Obfervatlons are interfperfed. Which may 
teach young Minds, to form aright Judgment of Things : 
and not be mifled, by the Plaufwility of popular Notions, ' 
or the Partiality of prejudiced Hiftorians. — Many very . 
diftinguifhed Predidions of Scripture, are explained and 
confirmed by correfpondent Fafts, from the moft authen- 
tic Memoirs of claffical Literature. Indeed, a perpetual 
Regard to the Elucidation and Honour of Hix^ /acred Qra^ 

DIALOGUE yi; 257 

^ityhad continued impregnable, and the whole En- 
* terprize been defeated. But, through fome acciden* 
U\ Fprgetfulnefs, occafioncd by the Diforders of this 
riotous Solemnity, or rather by a vory Jtgml Interpol 
Jition of divine Vengeance, they are left open *, 
and afford an eafy Entrance to Slaughter and Death. 
Which rufh upon the unhappy Creatures, all funks 
I in Sleep, or overcharged with Wine ; as a concealed 

Snare, in feme dreadful unexp^ed Moment, fprings. 
up, and in^sxtricably entangles the unwary Bird f.. 
Was I to infcribe this Piflure with a Motto, I would 
choofe the Apoftle's Admonitions B£ sober : Bs 


Who is this, with his Length of Hair % flowing 
upon his Shoulders 3 with fuch Amplitude of Per- 
. . fqnage, 

cUsy. runs through and ennobles the whole Performance. 
—Which Method, if not ftriftly conformable to the Rules 
of Hiilorical Coinpofidon> is a TranfgrciSion of them 
greatly to their Advantage. It may be faid to refemble 
the golden Branch, celebrated by Firgily and plucked by 
his Hero. Whofe Growth, though a Departure from the 
ufual Laws of Vegetation, was far from depreciating the 

(Value of the Tree. 
I admire the Whole, but cannot enough admire the 
Conclufion. It is peculiarly pertinent, and inimitably 
[• grand. Has a Dignity, an Elevation, a Majefty, which, 

if fomewhat like the Kingdom defcribed, are quite un^ 

\ equaled, and little lefs, than ilupendous. . 

. Xlavlodn OfJvf^, ygufftviv f tTriOuxe xoptfmy. 

• The Gates Jhallmt he Jhut. . Ifai. xlv. i. 

t How exactly does this Cataftrophe agree with the 

Prophecy ! / ha'ue laid a Snare for Thee^ and Thou art alfo 

I iakeuy O Babylon, and Thou ivaji not anvare, Jer. i. 24. ' 

I t . I believe, it was not cuflomary with the Ro?nans\ 

cfpecially their Warriors, to have long flowing Hair. 

I This therefore might feem an Offence againft what the 

Vol. L - S Italians 

45* D 1 A L O G U E Vt 

ibnage, fuch Magnificence of MiM* and nobli 
Plainncfs of Habit ? 

Sug. Thij is my farourite Piccc^*— M7 Father 
fometimet fiiews tne the Heads of the Philofopberi« 
But there is fomethtng fo gloomy and fevere^ in 
DUgntis and Epi^etus^ that I couM never much ad- 
mire them.— But this, Sir> is S^ipio ; the.Tbonder-- 
bolt of War, as yirgil calls Him. Here is fomething 
fo fprightly and engaging, as well as grand and ma« 
jeftic, that I am never weary of looking on Him. 

J^/He appears with a Lady of diftinguilbed 
Beauty in his Hand. 

Eug. This is the captive Princefs ; Vrho had been 
taken in War ^ who was fet apart for the General's 
Prize } but whom he is now rcftoring to her efpoufed 

jf/p. You are right, ^^g'^r^/tf.— He has juft led in 
bis lovely Captive, attended by her Hufband and Pa- 
rents, amidft a full Affembly of Romans and Celtihe^ 
rsans j the Vigors and the Vanquiihed* His modeft 
Eyes, You obferve, are rather turned from> than 
gazing upon, the blooming Virgin.— Cannot Yoi| 
fuppofe, how the Spe£kators muft be afFefled, upon 
the Opening of this extraordinary Scene ? Every 
One beholds, the Hero with Admiration, the Lady 
, -^ith Delight. Every Bofom is big with Expefta- 
iion, or in pain for the Event. After a fliort Paufc, 
He addrdles Himfelf to the Lover, in Words to this 


Italians Call il CofiufM, if the Painter was not fupportcd by 
the Authority 6tLi*vy. Who, in his defcriptive Pidure 
ofSdpi0, gives Us the following Touches ; Species Corporit 
ampla ac mkgmfica. Pr^erquam quod fuapte Natura multa 
Majejfas inerat, adornahat promifla Caefaries, Habitu/qut 
Corporis t non cuhus MunditiiSf fed'virilis 'vere ac, militarise 

Lib. XXVIIL c.«. 

D I A L O GUE VI. 25P 

Eitfefl— S-" I am no Stranger to your Intercft in thfs 
*• fine Woman. The Fortune of War has put her 
** entirely into my Power. The Circumftances of 
** my Youilh cannot render me infenfible to fo cri- 
** gaging a Perfon. But with Us Romans^ Honour 
** and Generofily have a mdlre prevailing Influence^ 
^^ than tranfitory Gratifications, Take your Bride ; 
*< be happy in each Other j and when you look up- 
*< on thi$ Gift, admire, the Romans^ be a Friend ta 
*« Rome.** — Upon this He delivers Her (as, the Ac- 
tion is here reprefented) to the enamoured Prince. 
' ' See I how the Crouds^ that clufter and hang a- 
round, are ftruck with the beneficent Deed ! — In, 
the Ciltiberians^ We behold a Mixture of Veneration 
and Surprife. 'f'heir Looks are full of Meaning* 
Methinks they are going to cry out ; Excellent Mant 
—In xh^Romans^ We difcern a confcious Superiority, 
and Exultation of Mind. Triumph is in their Fea- 
tures. They fay, or feem to fay j This tucndrouf 
M&n is ours ! — In the Lady, We admire the accom- 
plifhed and modeft Fair \ uniting all the Dignity of 
her Birth with all the Delicacy of her Sex. What 
foft Confufion, and what tenddr Joy, appear in her 
Countenance ! She is loft in Wonder, and at a-lofs 
for Words. She fpeaks the Acknowledgments of 
her Heart, by the filent Eloquence of a Tear> 
which fteals down her glowing Cheek, to bede^..^ 
the kind Hand, that has prote£led her InnocenceJV 
and is refigning her to her Lord. — Her Lord is un- 
der an apparent, and a graceful Struggle, of Love 
and Gratitude. He dotes upon his^charming Prin- 
cefs, and He almoft adores Us generous Benefador, 
We can hardly tell, whether He is going to clafp 
ihe former in hi$ Arm?, or tbrow blmfelf at the 
S a - F«e» 

2^9. D-I A L O G U E. VI.. 

Feet of the latter. — The aged Parents exprcfs their - 
Tranfport in a different Manner. Their Knees are 
bent to the Earth ; their Eyes are lifted up to Hea- 
ven ; they implore, for their honoured* Guardian, 
every Blefiing which the Gods can beffow. — Scipi$ 
Himfelf difplays all the Magnanimity of the Con- • 
queror, tempered with the Sedatencfs of the Philo- 
fopher, and foftened with the Gentlenefs of the 
Friend. He gives Happinefs, but He cnjoysagreater* 
His Eyes fparkle with a fublimc Delight ; and He 
feems to anticipate the Applaufe, which this truly 
heroic KGt will gain> in all Countries and in all 
Ages. ... 

Eug. Is not this a greater Viftory, than any that 
he had won, in the Field of Battle ? And a nobler 
Triumph, than any that could be voted Him, by 
the applauding Senate ? Amiable Scipio ! Might I 
be a Roman^ I would be no other than Scipio. 

Afp. IwifliYou, my dear Sir, the Temperance 
and Generofity of Scipio, May You exercife them 
both ; but from a better Motive than his. Hey I 
fear, was too much fwayed by a Spirit of Ambition \ 
which You muft, not cherifh, but endeavour to fup- 
prefs. — A Spirit of Ambition^ which pants after Dif- 
tinftion, and thirfts for Applaufe, is diametrically 
oppoflte to the Genius of the Gofpel *. — It is a 
Ceflbn, which muft infallibly be unlearned, if ever . 
We become Pofleffors of Faith, or Partakers of 
CHRIST i.-^lt is a Root of Bitternefs, which 
naturally produces- Envy % i that moft odious, .and 
Cas You have juft now feeh) moft felf- tormenting of 
all Tempers. — ^It is a Habit of Mind, which gcne- 
, , rally 

' ^ -GaL V. 26, Mtt yi2. if. f John v. 4^. 

tGal, v. 26. 


tally renders Men Incendiaries in the Church, and 
Difturbers of its Tranquility *. — It is therefore more 
lilge an inchanted Potion which inebriates, than a 
genuine Cordial which animates. 

Eug. From what Motive then would You encou- 
rage me, to be diligent in the Purfuit of Learning, 
and in the Cultivation of every Virtue ? 

Jfp. Not, that You may acquire the poor, con- 
temptible, perifhing Honour, which cometh from 
Men — but, that You may pleafe GOD, your Al- 
mighty CREATOR — that You may glorify 
CHRIST^ your infinitely condefcending RE- 
DEEMER — and may be qualified to promote 
the be/i InUrefls of your Fellow-creatures — even 
their prefent Holinefs, and their eternal Happinefs. 

Thefe are the grand and endearing Encourage- 
ments, which our holy Religion propofes. Thefe 
will operate, I am bold to aver, with a much fweeter 
and a far more fovercign Efficacy, tharj all the glit- 
tering Enticements which Ambition can devife ; or* 
all the delufory Attra<aives, which Emulation^ the 
Sifter Syren, can fuggeft. And, what is above 
every other Confideration weighty, thefe Motives 
will be more likely, or rather thefe will be very cer» 
tain, to receive the divine Blefling. 

You told me. You was never weary of contem- 
plating ^cipio. For which Reafon, I promife Myfelf, 
* You will not be fatigued or difpleafed, though I have 
fo long confined your Attention to this Pourtrait.— 
But have We no Hero of Britain^ fit to join this 
illuftrious Triumvirate from Rome^ Perfia^ and 

S 3 Eug. 

f 3 John 9, 10. 


Eug, The very next Wc meet, is one of our Eng>^., 
lift} Kings. But I cannot fay, that I remember ei- 
Aer his Name, or his Story. 

JJp. How, my young Gentleman ! DqYourea4 
the Annals of ^/A^r Nations, and not acquaint Your^ 
felf with the Affairs oi your qwn Country? — If I was^ 
in your Place, I would apply myfelf to the claflical 
Writers by way of Study, and to fome valuable 
Englijh Hiftorian by way of ^mufem«nt. .Such an, 
Amufement is infinitely preferable to Novels or Ro- 
martces ; and will not only relax your Attention, 
but enrich your Mind. 

Eug. I thank You, good Sir, for your Admoni-* 
tion. If You pleafe, I will now begin the Study, 
You recommend. Your Explanation of thefe Draw- 
ings, fhall be the Rudiments of my Knowledge,' 
And I fhall think ita Happinefs, to receive my firft 
Infti^uftions, from fo able a Mafter. 

Jfp. It is Honour enough for mey Eugenloy to have 
^ivcn You (hfe Hint. I pretend to nothing more, 
than to point out your Game, or to fpring the C07 '~ 
vey. You fhall be taught, by a more expert Pro- 
ficient, to make it your own. Yet, though Others 
may di^"e£l Yo\i with greater Skill, None will re- 
joice in your fuccefsful Purfuit, more fincerely thaA 

Tfhis is our renowned Henry the Fifth -y as He; 
appeared after the Vidory of Jgincourt. You fee 
the gallant Conqueror clad in Steel, and recent from 
the Slaughter of the infulting Foe. He feems to 
^)r€atl^e an heroic Ardour, which is irradiated and 
exalted by a lively Devotion. If Courtage can be ex- 
prefled by the Pencil, this is the genuine Likenefs : 
kee4ii yet compofed ; grafping the Sword, yeit look- 

I D I A L 6 G U E Vt. 26$ 

ffig up to Heaven.— He that, a little while ago, 
drove the Battle, like a Whirlwind *, on the Le- 
gions of France 5 now, bends a fuppliant Knee, and 
offers the euchariftic Hymn, to the L O R D G O D 
of Hofts. No turbulent or diforderly Joy riots 
among the Soldiery. They cxprefs not the Tri- 
umph of their Hearts, in frantic Exultations, or 

I drunken Revelsr; but in Afts of Thankfgiving to 

J E H V A H. In an Attitude, which fpcaks the 
devout Acknowledgment of the Prophet, Thon art 
€ur Battle^ Ax andWeaponi of War f ; or the grate- 
ful Declaration of the Pfalmift, Not unt9 U>, O 
LOR Dy not unto Usy but unto thy Name be the 
Qlory t. 

This laftlnftance kiforms my EugentOy That 
Trajer and 'Praije are an honourable' Employ— have 
been pradifed by Perfons of the moft admire^ En- ' 

• ' dowmcnts — are the fureft Method of obtaining Suc^ 

Icefsy in whatever Bufinefs We undertake ; and of ^ 
enjoying Profperityy in whatever Circumftanccs We 
are placed. 

I : T^hc next Piece \% different from all the preceding^ 

In ibofey Armies with their £nfigsi$ floating to the 

1*4 Winds, Ships of War riding at Anchor, battering 

' . Engines and Infttuments of Death, form the Per- 
fpeftive, in fhi$i We have, all around, % lovely 
rural Landfcape ; exprcffive of Peace, and enriched 
with Plenty. Corn and Cattle in the Valleys; 
fruitful Vineyards on the Hills ; and beautiful G^r-* 
i%t\ii furroi^xdiing ^ HQHJfes.-r-^^Ut whQ it' that 

I S 4 graceful 

1 ' * For this bol4 and beautiful Image, We are obliged 

I * ' to the Prophet, O^'DH? ^ ^J^D* They cam outa^a Wbiri- 
nfiind to fcatter me, Habgjc. iii. 14I 

+ Jcr. U. ^Q. X Pf^Jt. ^xv. 1. 

264 D I A L O G U E VI. 

graceful and augu/l Perfo|iage, featcd on a Throng? 
of Ivory and Gold ? 

Eug. This is Solomon, having an Interview with 
the Queen of Sheba. A large Train of her Atten- 
dants throng the Avenues of the Palace. Some 
leading foreign Animals: Some, bearing Vafes and 
Cafkets : AH, arrayed in ftrange Apparel., The 
Ifraelites wonder at their outlandifli Vifitants, their 
coftly Prefcnts, and peculiar Habits. Their Vifi^ 
tants are as much furprifed at the Walls, the Tow- 
ers, and efpecially the Temple of Jerufalem. But 
You, Sir, I apprehend, are moft pleafed with the 
venerable Perfon, who fills the Throne. 

Afp. Indeed I am, and fo is his royal Gueft.— . 
You obfervT, in her Robe, her. Retinue, her Dc-, 
pbrtment, an unpolifhed Kind of -Grandeur. But- 
all in Solomon is fo fplendid, and at the fame Time 
fo elegant ; difplays fuch a Delicacy of Tafte, and 
fuch a Magnificence of Spirit;- that the Sabaan 
Princefs is perfectly in Raptures. See ! How She 
ftands fixed and gazing with fpeechlefs .Admira- 
tion * ; like One loft in Aftonifliment, and tranf- 
ported with Delight ! Her Looks fpeak, what, 
when. She recovers the Power of Utterance, her - 
Tongue exprefles ; It was a true Report, that I heard 
in m^ own Land, of thy \A6ls, and of thy Wifdom. 
Howbeity I believed not the Words, until I catnc, and 
mine Eyes had feen: and behold! the Half was not 


• TWs, I apprehend, is the Meaning of tljat remark- 
ably, ftrong Expreflion, ufed by the lacred Hiftorian ; 
Ther^ ivas no more Spirit injievy I Kings x. 5. It feems 
to have been a well known and cuftomary Phrafe among 
th« Hehreivsy to denote the Extremes^ either of Surprife, 
or 'I'crror. See Jojh, v. i. 

P I A L'O G U E VI. ^6s 

tcid me : thy Wifdom and Profperity exceed the Farm 
which I heard *. 

Eug* .This- is a high Compliment. Is it right. 
Sir, to praife a Man, in fuch plain Terms and fuch 
high Strains, to his very Face ? I think, I have , 
heard PhiUnor blame fuch a Practice,. as inconfiftcnt 
with refined Manners. And I have beacd my Fa- 
ther fay ; No One is a better Judge of fine Breed- 
ing, than Philenor. If the moft agreeable Beha- 
viour, added to the moft winning Converfation, are 
what You call fne Breedings I am fure, Ph'ilenor is 
]\iafter of it to a very great Degree. I love to be . 
in his Company, and am never, better plcafed, than 
to hear Him talk. 

Afp, The Compliment, though high, is juft. It 
is ftridtly conformable to Truth, and proceeds from 
the moft unaffefted Sincerity. If We confider what 
follows. We fhall have a Pattern of true Politenefs ; 
a Propriety and a Refinement of Addrefs, far fur- 
pafling all her Majefty's external State. — Happy are 
thy Men ; happy are thefe thy Servants ; which Jiand 
cojjtinually before Thee^ and that hear thy Wifdom^ In- 
ftead of envying, She congratulates the Domeftics 
of Solomon^ and rejoices in their fuperior Felicity, 
This is Benevclence,—BteJJed be the LORD tby , 
GOD^ which delighted in Thee^ to Jet Thee on the 


* This is fomewhat like the fine Compliment, which 
Ckero pays to his learned QlicniArchias, In ceetcris Jfi^e 
Pariibusy c undo: que Gr^ciiT, fie ejus Ad'ventus celebraba- 
iur, ui Famam Ingietdi Ex/pe£tatio Hominis ; Ex/peSiattonemt 
ipfius Ad^entui Admiral ioque fuperaret. Though I think ' 
her Majefty's Sentiments, as they are more fimple and " 
artlefs than the Orators ; are alfo, like the Spices and 
Fruits of her Clime, more richly fcented, and more 
highly flavoured. 


lintt ef I^axt. Beamfe fie LORD l&wd Tfraef 
f» iHiify tian^are wtade He Tbee King, to do Judg- 
mmt and yit/lice. Here She afcnbes all his loyftl 
Virtues and fubltme AccomplMhments, to the 
BCMKkty of Heaven. Though tSetcy are applauded 
m the Perfbit of Sdomm^ thc^r are recognised as the 
fice Gift rf GOD, This is jP/V/je.— When the . 
EadimrfnRits We cdehrate, lead Us to magtiify^ 
^not their Pdlc^r, hut thcJr Awthor;. then the 
P^iiCiHii is CQFfe£kd^ and turned into Medicine* 
Pi»itC)i thtts circumitancedi Ipfes it^ Malignity> 
af^l t8< renderrd Salubrious. 

It picafe* me to perceive, that You take fo mucli 
l^dtice of the Converfation, which paffes bctweeii 
jour worthy Father, and his ingenious Friends. I 
|rfomife myfelf^ You will alfo remember theMaxim,t 
which We have now learned From a Queen* A 
Qneert^ whom not only the facred Hiftorian,, but 
<nr LORD JESUS Ci?J?!/5r Himfelf vouch^ 
fifes to mention, and with Marks of Approbation* 
Whofe Name tl^rcfore will be had in Honour, when 
St mr mtt iiZQd Geopatray the Heroines and the Beau- 
tieft,, zrt ctMflkfigned over to Oblivion. The Maxim, 
which I mean, is this-^There muft be an Union of 
Sivcetitf^ ©r Benevolence, and of Piety, in order 
towrflitutr trtte Politenef^: Whoev*cr pretends t€> 
fine Jtsccdiag, afwi is deftitute of thefe Qualities, 
jfe jffothing moic than a Pretender* He bears juft 
the fame Proportion to this ornamental Charaaier,^ 
«s the Ape and the ^ctfikey bear to the Mae;. 

Bat We have not A^cicntty examii;ied our Pic- 
xntt^ The Dome \%, of Cedar ; fupported by Pillar^ 
cif MarbJg; on' which are fufpended Curtains' of 
Silk and tmhroidery^WTbe Pillars feine with the 



moft gloffy Polt(h, and fwell upon the Eye witk 
the boldeft Proje£lions. The Curtains, pendent v\ 
large and eafy Folds, fecm not adbefive to the Caii- 
vafs, but waving in th^ Air.r-rThc Throfte is ^x-- 
quifitely contrived, .richly ornamented, and higMy 
finiflied. It is evident, the Painter had in his Ey« 
that memorable Obfervation of Script^rc^ Thirt 
%uas not the Hie made in any Kingdom ; and H« has. 
really done all, which Art could dcvife, or Co-. 
lours execute, in order to exemplify the gre^t £n-\ 

If the Monarch was abfent,' We Ihould defire no^ 
better Entertainment, than to view the Beauties of 
the Apartment : but caa hardly allow any Attention 
to the Edifice, when fo graceful and fo grand aPre- 
fence befpeaks our Regard, Fxjr I muft own, there, 
appears to me fomething peculiarly excellent in thij. 
Figure ; a Serenity and Dignity j without any of that ! 
. nxartial Air, which adds a Tinfturc of Ferocity to- 
the Warrior : a Sagacity and Pen£tration^ not to bo 
equaled by the Wrinkles of Age, yet tranfparcnt 
through all the Bloom of Youth. Piety and Vfii* 
dom, the Love of GOD and the Grace of ht^. 
SPIRIT, give an Elevation to the Mind ; give a . 
fecret Charm to the Countenance ^ and fometUng 
more than mortal to the whole Man.— I am apt to, 
fufpecft, Eugenioy that You yourfelf are ready to 
adopt a new Favourite, That You how prefer 
Solomon even to Scipio\ and> had rather i>e like the 
Beloved of the LORD *^ than the Dariing of 

Eug. , 

• Belo-vei of the i0^2>— This is the Meaning of 7#: 
drMah ; the Name, which Salomon received, by the ex* 
prefs Order of J E H O V A H. a Sam. xii. 25 . 

2€8 D I A L O G U E VI. 

Eug. Every Thing in Sohmm is fo venerable and 
heavenly, that I am filled with Awe, rather than 
incited to Imitation. It is not for a Boy, to think 
•f imitating fuch high Perfeftion ! : 

jifp^ Why not, my dear Sir? It was GOD who 
gave Solomon his fuperior Wifdom, and exalted Ac- 
compliflbments. And GOD W the fame Yefierdayy 
ts Day^ and for ever : as willing to hear, and as able 
to help You^ as He was to hear and bkfs his Servant 
Solomon, — Neither let your Youth be a Difcourage- 
ment. Out of the Mouth of very Babes and SucklingSy 
HE ordainOh Strength *. Samuel miniftered in the 
Temple, when He was biit a Child \. Jofiah^ 
while He was yet young, began to feek after the 
GOD of his Fathers %. Timothy was acquainted 
with the Holy Scriptures, from his earlieft Years ||. 
And Solomon himfelf was none of the oldeft, when 
He v/as favoured with that extraordinary Vifion, and 
made that admirable Choice at Gibeon §. A Paflage 
of Scripture, which I dare fay. You have read ; 
which I would recommend to your attentive Confi- 
deratioil ; and which, I hope. You will take for the 
Model of your Conduft. — ^And if Yoii, like that il- 
luflrrious young Prince, defire a wife and undcrftand- 
ing Hearty more than the AfHuence of Wealth, or 
tke piftindlions of Honour : if Yon feek Wifdom as 
Silver^ and fear ch for Her as for hid Treafure: then 
Jhall You alfo underfiand the Fear of the LORDy and 
fimd the Knowtedge of GOD ^. 

The next that occurs, prefcnts Us with a View 
of the Sea ; and a moft tremendous View it is. 


♦ Pfal. viii. 2. + 1 Sam. 51. iS. J 2 Chron. 

xxxiv. 3. II 2 Tim. iii. 15. § livings iii. 5, 6, ttf^ 
f Prov. ii. "4, 5. 


• Eitg. This is the Voyage related by the Evangelift ; • 
when our LORD, failing with his Difciples, bid 
the Storm be ftill, ahd made the Ocean calm. 

Jfp. Then We may truly fay; J Greater than"' 
Solomon is here * / — Though Solomon was wife, 
CHRIST is Wifdom itfelf. — Give me Leave ta 
hint, upon this Occafion, that every Pifture of 
CHRIST muik neceflarily depreciate his glorious 
Perfon. Therefore You will never think, that a 
few Rays beaming round his facred Head, can pro- 
perly diftinguifli the SON of G OD ; can cxprefs 
either the Grace of his Offices, or the Divinity pf 
his Nature. ItHs not to difplay the Perfections of 
our LORD JESUS Hrmfelf^ but only to give 
Us an Idea of one of his TVorks^ that the Pencil 
has been employed on this grand Subjed. 

;^You will alfo remember; That it was not the ' 
main Ocean, but the Lake of Tiberias^ on which 
they failed. However, the Painter is at Liberty, 
to make his Sea as large as He pleafes, and his Storm 
as terrible as He can. Accordingly, He has colle61:cd 
all the Horrors of a Tempeft. — Lightnings fire the 
' Arch above ; and Thunders, could Thunders have 
been painted, would have j^j:ked the Ground be- 

* A greater than Solomon — This is what our blefTed 
LORD affirms concerning Himfelf. In which. We 
may obferve the.utmofl: Dignity, tempered with the ut- 
moll Decorum. He will avoid the very Appearance of 
Oftentation, even when He thinks it necefiary to aflert 
his native Honour. Therefore, He fays not, / am greater 
than Solomon ; but, a greater than Solomcn is here. 
Leaving ev^ry One, who has Eyes to fee his mighty 
Works, and a Heart to underftand his tranfcendent Ex- 
cellencies — leaving every fuch Perfon, to make the Ap-*- 
plication. Matt, xii. 41. See another Inftance of thi« 
iftiable «f AoV*:*, Ver. 6.- ^ 

4^o D I A L O G IJ E Vf . 

fow. Thofe flaming Bolts have fmittftn a huge ?!•<>- 
ttiontory, and tore its rugged Brow* See ! how the 
rocky Fragment is tumbling, with impetuous Bounds 
ftom Cliff to Cliff.— The Waters, lafihed by furious 
Winds, heave and tofs their tumultuous Billows* 
Here, they rife in rolling Ridges ; there, they rage 
in devouring Whirls.— -Amidft thefe horrible Com- 
ifeotions. You behold T^Viffil in all the Extremity of 
J^ifirefs^ Straining under the Blaft ; battered and 
half overwhelmed by the Surge i. (he can iio longef 
maintain the unequal Conflid. She yields to the 
jrefiftkfs Flood y and begins, evidently begins to 
fink. — ^Perplexed, amazed, and at their Wit's End^ 
Ae Difciples run to and fro. They fltift the Tack- 
ling; lighten the Stowage; try every Expedient ^ 
and find, to their unfpeakable Affli<Stion, every Ex- 
pedient ineffeftual. 

We caft our Eye forward, and their divine MA* 
STER appears, fedately rifmg from a gentle Slum- 
ber, He fees the Perplexity and Horror of his 
Companions, without the leaft Emotion of Alarm* 
He fees Deftruil^ion approaching^ Heaven and Earth 
mingling, and, inftcad "of being difmayed, enjoys 
the elemental War/— What Compofure in his Mien ! 
What Dignity in his Attitude ! What Majefty, 
fweetened with Companion, in his Afpecl! Such 
as could arifft from no other Caufe, but a confcious 
and undoubted Certainty, tha't not one of the Com- 
pany fliould perifh ; that not a Hair of their Head 
fliould be injured j and that all this mighty Uproar 
, of Nature, fhould end in a Demonftration of his 
mighthr Pov/er, and a Confirmation of his Difciples 
Faith, — ^He looks abroad into the mutinous Sky, 
and the turbulent Deep, He waves, with an au-» 
5 thoritativm 


Aoritative Air, his facted Hand ; and adds die gtcait 
commanding Word, P^ace : Be.sTiix.— Do Ypa 
Mquire after the EffeA i Let Mikm declare kg -. 

Cohfrjion heard hit Vtia^ and wild Ufr9m' 
Stood rurd. 

This is cxprcfled in another Draught, Where sfi 
is hufhed : the tremendous Agitations c?eafe,alid the 
moft profound Tranquility takes place. The Watcsf 
is fmooth as Glafs ; Wc have the Piftttre of a per* 
' fe£l Calm ; and view tbofe very Perfons, ivho, a litde 
while ago, were in the wildeft Diftraft ion, and m i&e 
Jaws of Ruin, furrounding their LORD ^ Men 
alive from the Dead *♦ Tlteir Confterjxation is 


* The Circttmftfciices of this Miracle, as related hf 
the Evangclifts, are truly wonderful, and to ih& hk Dc* 
grec pi^urefgae. 

Mafierl Mafterl Wtfirifil Bowconcife^howabnipt^ 
and how ardent is this Ejcclamation ! Therefore ho«f 
Ih-ongly Significant of imuunent Danger, aad of the at- 
moilDiftrefsl They hare not Time to be explicit. A 
Moment's Delay may be fatal. What they utter is Ve- 
hemence itfelf, and all Rapidity, Luke vi)i, 24,— Thb h 
Nature: thisis the ^^«u/ii^. Language of the Heart: thi< 
IS true hifloric Painting. Every impartial Reader mul 
^dmiT&tlus.exquifitely fine Stroke, far beyond thcdil^ 
fufe and (I had almm (aid, impertiwently^ florid Speecla^ 
which Fir^ pats into the Mouth of his Hero oa a like 
Occaiioiv. jEn. I. 96V 

%mpo^ ^tftfAOKTo. What a Majefly iii this Coxmnandi 
•Tis admirable^ 'tis inimitable ; *tis worthy of GO D,-^ 
I think, Wf may obferve a peculiarly proper Word, ad* 
dreiled and adapted to each Element: the ^t& injoinin^ 
a CeffiaUn of the Wiiids^ the fecoad a ^efitma of tiie 
Wavai Silence in ail (hat roared, Compofure in all that 
raged. As ihovfh (to ^ive a ihort Paraphraft of the 

^72 D I A L O G U E -Vi; 

turned into Wonder, and their Pangs of Fear inti^ 
Extafics of Joy. They acknowledge the Omnipo- 
tence, and adore the Goodncfs of JESUS. 

Eug. Well may they acknowledge his Omnipo- 
tence ; fince fVinds and Waves obey Him. Great Rea- 
fon have they to adore his Goodnefsy fince He refcued 
them from the very Jaws of Death ; that worft of 
Deaths, periOiing in the ftormy Deep. 

Jfp. If JESUS CHRISTh2id vouchfafed fuch 
a Deliverance to my Eugenio ; What would He have 
thought, or how would He have been afFedted ? 

Eug, I fliould have thought myfelf inexprejfibly 
obliged ; and that I could never Qiqw fufficient Gra-n 
titude to fo great a Benefaftor. 

Afp. Afliire yourfelf then, my dear Sir, that He 
has done infinitely more for You. — That He has de- 
livered You, not indeed from being fwallowed up 
by ^ the raging Billows, but from finking into flie 
Pit of everlafting Perdition. — ^That He has not only 
refcued You from.endlefs Deftruftlon, but obtained 
eternal Life and heavenly Happinefs for You. — 
•Done all this, not by fpeaking a Word, or iffuing 
a Command j but by bearing your Guilt, and fuf-. 
fering your Punifliment ; even by dying the moft 


grand Injunftion) it had beenfaid; Winds, be hujhed% 
Waves, be calm^ Mark iv. 39. 

The EffeS^ which this Miracle has' on the Difciples,' 
is defcribed, with all the Force of Imagination^ and alV 
the Energy of Diftion. To reprcfent in Colours, what 
the evangelical Hillorian has left upon Record, would 
bfe a SubjeA fit for the immortal Raphael -y and perhaps 
not to be equaled even by his mafterly Pencil. Ajmv vt 
*cst^\C9H t» ictvkiq i^K'ayio xj sQay^st^o* — i^xvux^ot, they <were 
amazed — e|*ra»Io» they ivere .'tranfported lAjith Amaxement-^ 
Aiai', to the 'very greatefl Degrees-tit 'nyfp»^<r«, exceeding alk- 
that Language can exprefs^ Mark vi. 51, 

6 I A L O G U e! VI: iy^ 

* l^hoitiinious and torflienting Death, in your Stead. 
: — Should You n6t then unfeigfiedly love HIM? 

' Study to pleafe HIM? Ahd make it the reigning 
Endeavour of youf Life to glorify HIM? 

.Here,, Tberon returned, and the .young Student 
withdrew ; after receiving foihe affe6iionite and en- 
couraging Compliments from Afpajio. Who was 
"going to enlarge upon the excellent Tafte of his 
Friend; the inftruftive Style of hisPiduresj thfj 
good Senfe and great Proficiency of his Son. But 
Theron^ far from coveting Praife ; and fully fatif- 
ified with the Confcioufnefs, of afting the becoming 

^ Part, prevented his Difcourfe, by fteppirig to a Pair 

of Glafs Folding-doors. Which, thrown open, ad- 
mitted them into the Study* 

A Chimney-piece of grey Marble, with plain but 
grand Mouldings, formed a very handfome Appear- 

j ance. — In various little Niches, were fixed elegant 

BuJIs ; and on the feveral Interftices, hung bcauti- 

* ful Prints ; reprefertting many of thofe eminently 
learned Men, who were the Ornaments and Blef*- 
fings, both of antient and modern Times. The 

I Shelves, all around, were accommodated, not in- 

r . cumbered, with Books. Ajfafio^ running over the 

lettered Backs, obferved a Colleftioh oi the moft 

valuable Authors, in Hiftory and Natural Pbilofo- 

phy, ift Poetry and Divinity; ^ . • ' 

} You will eafily perceive, faid Therofiy- that I ani 

fomewhat Angular in furnifliing my Study, as well 

I as in ornamehting the Avenue. .My Books are not 

for Shew, but Ufe ; and claim a Regard, rather on 

L account of their Worth, than their Number, — An 

^ immenCe Multitude of Volumes, I have always 

I Vol. L T , . thought, 

274 D I A L O G U E VI. 

thought, is more likely to embarrafs the Attention^^ 
than to improve the Underftanding. A huge Li- 
brary feems to rcfemble a perplexing Labyrinth; and 
often bewilders the Mind in its Purfuits, inftead 
of leading it expeditioufly to the Acquifition of 

When People are eager to perufe a Multiplicity 
of Writings, it frequently happens, that in reading 
all, they digeft none ♦• They tafte fome empty and 
tranfient Amufement, but coIleA no folid or lafting 
Advantage. Their Minds arc; foraewhat like thofic 
capacious Looking-glafles, which We have feen 
expofed in the moft frequented and populous Streets 
of London, They receive all Manner of fhadowy 
Images, but no fubflantial ImpreiHon. A thouf^na 
Figures pafs through them, not one abides in them. 

Our Books, replied Afpajio^ as well as our Friends, 
fhould rather h^fele£fy than numerous. For my Part, 
I would defire no more than two or three of the moft 
corredi and mafterly Writers in any Science. Thefe/ 
a Perfon of moderate Capacity may be able to com- 
prehend ; and not comprehend only, but enrich his 
Memory with the choiceft Sentiments, and make the 
Subftance of their Works his own. — He will, by 
Repetition and familiar Convetfe, enter into their 
Spirity and acquire their Manner. While a Rambler 

. in 

* The Author of Night-Tbnight^ has tottched this Snb- 
jeA^ with great Judgment^ and equal Spdghtliitd*Sr. 

Voracious Learnings often averfedt 

Digefis not ittto Senfe the m»tiey Meal, » 

This Forager on Other* s Wifdonty lea'ves 

Her natin:e Farm^ her Reafon quite untilPd. 

With mixt Manure She furfeitithe rank Soil, 

Dunged hut not dreft* d\x and rich to Beggar):* 


in reading, does little more than gratify his Fancy, . 
without refining his Tafle, or amending his Heart. 
Upon this Afpajio turned Himfelf ; and efpied, ia 
one Corner of the Apartment, the celeftial and ter<- 
reftrial Globes ; in another, a large refledling Tele^ 
fcope ; and on the Top of a Buroe^ one or two of 
the beft Microfcopes. 

Thefe Inftruments, refumed Theron^ have opened 
an inexhauftible Fund of the fineft Entertainments *. 
They have furnifhed Us with new Eyes; and brought 
up, I will venture to fay, a new World into our View* 
They give Us a Sight of Wonders, which may feem 
incredible to the incurious Vulgar ; and which werp 
, utterly unknown, to the moft inquifitive Sages of 
Antiquity, They charm the Eye with a Difplay 
of Beauties, of inimitable Beauties, even where no- 
T 2 thing 

* Gentlemen of Tafte and Serioufnefs cannot, I think, 
have a nobler Piece of Furniture for their Studies, than 
the Micrtjcofe and the Tekfcope^ the Op-ery and the ,^ir- 
pump. This Apparatus would afford them a moft de- 
lightful and improving Amufemcnt in a folitary Hour.-a- 
It would alfo give them an Opportunity of entertaining 
their Company, in a truly elegant and very inftnidtive 
Manner. It would open a fine and ample Field, for dif- 
playing the Glories of G OD the C R E AT O R, and of 
GOD the REDEEMER.— As the Difcoveries made 
by ^lefe Inftruments, are {<q furprifing in themfelves, and 
fieiu to the Generality of Mankind/ every edifying Hint 
deduced ^xfyoifiieb Obfervatfons, would come with a pe- 
culiar Recommendation. — This, I am fure, would be a 
Method of reducing; to Praftice, what the polite Hifto- 
rian has recorded of the politer Bcipio ; Ekgantijpmo Inters 
'wdia Negotiorum Otto difpunxit. Vell. Paterc. — And, 
I believe, it might be a happy Means of turning the Soul, 
to bear a Part in that immortal Hymn, Worthy art Then, 
LORD, to receive Glory, and Honour, and Po«weri ft^ 
Thou haft creeled all Things ; and for thy Pleafure tieynoye 
iexify and were bX firiX creattd. Rev. iv. ll. * 

276 D I A L a G U E vr. 

thing worthy of Notice was expelled* They throi*^ 

the Mind into a pleafmg Tranfport of Admiration } 

and from the meaneft, loweft Obje&s, r^ife the 

moft amiable and exalted Ideas of the Allrgloriou^ I 


I have often regretted, that fuch rational and ^ 

manly Gratifications (hould be almoft univerfally , 

fupplanted, by the fantaftical and childijh Amufe- 
ments in Vogue. Why (hould not the Contempla** 
tion of Nature's furprifmg Novelties, be as accept- ! 

-able an Entertainment, as the ftale Diverfion of j 

Quadrille I be as refined an Employ for a leifure 
Hour, as to count the Spots on a Pack of Cards ? ! 

—The Ladies, J am very fure, might find brighter 
Colours, and more delicate Ornaments, in the 
Robes and Head-drefs of a common Ffy'y than evef 
they found amidft the Trinkets of a Toy-Jhop. And J 

was the fair Circle of Females once acquainted with « 

the radiant Varnifli and rich Studs, which enamel 
the Cover of z Beetle's Wing ; I am apt to thinki 
they would view with lefs Rapture, with more In- 
difference, perhaps, with a becoming Difdain, all 
the pretty Fancies of a Beau's Wardrobe. 

A few Days ago, when the accomplifhed Manilia J 

favoured Us with a Vilit, I fhewed Her, through 
a magnifying Glafs, the Sting of a Bee, the Scale 
6f a Soal, the Wing of a Gnat, and fome other 
beautiful Minims of Nature ; together with the Pow- 
der, which adheres to our Fingtr, when we touch 
the Body of a Moth. — -" Amazing ! cried the young 
*< Lady. What elegant Figures ! What inchant- 
** ing Finery J 


*— -^/^tf/Zj/l 


D 1 A L O G U E VI. I?; 



• Smallefl Lineaments exaSf^ 

-In all the Liveries deck" d of Summer* s Pride^ 
With Spots of Gold and Purple^ Azure and Green *. 

«< How perfect, the Polifh, and how high the Fi- 
" nifhing, of that little Weapon ! — ^This Piece of , 
" defenfive Armour, how (kilfully contrived, and 
** how curioufly wrought ! Here, rifing into little 
" Ridges, like the Boffes of a Buckler; fitted to 
♦« repel Injuries. There, fcooped into little Cavi.^ 
'* ties, defigned, I fuppofc, to diminifli its Weight; 
*' that the Coat of Mail may not incumber, even 
<* while it defends, the puny Wearer.— ^What I 
<< took to be a whitifh defpicable Rag, is the neatejl 
** Fan^ I ever beheld. Mounted on Sticks f in- 
** imitably tapering and flcnder. Tinged with all 
" the foft and lovely Colours of the moft glofly 
'• Mother of Pearl. — But, what aftonilhes me more 
*< than all, is the View of that coloured Duftj 
," which your Inftrumcnt has turned into a Clujler 
*' of Feathers. Every one wrought off with a Re* 
** gularity and a Delicacy, thit are beyond the 
' '* Power of Defcription. The fincft Stroke drawn 

F « by the Italian Pen, compared with the extreme 

. ^ ** Minutenefs of the Shaft, is broad and bulky as 
L '< an Admiral's Maft. A Speck of Leaf-gold, could 

r *' it be weighed againft the exquifite Attenuations 

f *^ of the Vane J, would feem more fubftantial and 

' ♦ .*' ponderous than yonder Marble Slab. 

I> T 3 « How 

• Milton, Book VII. 
t Thcfe Sii€ksy are the little Ribs^ which fopport, at 
|>ropcr Intervals, the fine tranfparent Membrane of the 

J Fane is the feathery Part of a Quill. 


'< How nice, even to a Prodigy, muft be the Me- 
« chanifm of the antmalcuU kace ! I fecGtebtifes, I 
«« fee Tides of Blood, rolling throtigh Mafianders in- 
** expreffibly finer, than the fincft Hair. — Stranger 
*' ftill ! I fee Sholes of aSive Creatures, expatiating 
** inafingleDropofWater*: taking their Paftime 
** amidft fuch a fcanty Canal, as unftraitened and 
** as much at large, as Leviathan in the Abyfles of 
*' th^ Ocean.-«-A whole Kingdom of thefe Crea- 
** tures, though collefted into a Body, are quite un- 
*« difqernable by the naked Eye. What then muft 
*' he the Sizt of every Individual? Yet in every In^ 
*' dividual there is a complete Syftem of Limbs ; 
^^ each Limb muft have Mufcles and Nerves 5 each 
** Nerve muft have Senfe and Strength j and all 
^* tfacfe are aflembled, though not crouded, in a 
<* liviiig Atom.—JTo refleft upon the Texture of 
^* Veffels, and the Operation of Organs, fo com-» 
** plex, fo numerous, yet fo inconceivably minute j . i 

«^ how it awakens Admiration ! Fills me with Re- 
^' vcrence of the Almighty MAKER ! and yieldf 
•* a Pleafure, infinitely fuperior to all the modifb * 

*' Anvife- 

• In a fingle Drop of V/ater, Dr. Hook is faid to have 
difcovered, with his Micro/cope, eight Millions two hunr 
dred and eighty thoufand Jnimak^Us, — This is mention- 
ed, becaufe it is the prevailing Philofophy of the A^. 
Though I muft confefs, that Mr. Gautier fecms to have 
gone a coniiderable Way, towards giving it another Turn, 
As He has proved, before a learned AfTembly at Paris^ 
That the Vervueidarn of henvenhotek^ and the living Mole* 
^ula of Mr. de l^uffov% were only Balls of Air agitated by 
the fermenting of the Seed. If *fo, it is not impoffible, 
J)ut Dr. Hookas Animalcula may be nothing more than Baih 
of Airy agitated by the .Fermentation of the Pepper. 
. Be this as it will, the young Lady's Remarks on the 
"VV^oftders of Mechanijm in the animalcule Creation, I be- 
licve, \y91 never be coijtrovertedi 



D I A L O G U E VI. 279 

•< Amufements of our Sex ! — ^Your Difcoverics of 
** Life in Miniature^ have given me a Difguft ofj 
** what is called. High Life^ and its folemn Fop- 
** peries. You have fpoiled me, Tbirm^ for a fa- 
•*^ ihionable Trifler. I ihall no longer relifli the 
** dull Oeconomj of the Fan, or the poor Parade 
^« of the Snuff-box/* 

- Jfp. Have You nothing to fay of the Tele/cope f 
—I believe, it muft be my Province to celebrate 
this admirable Invention ; and J wi(h I could do it, 
with Manilicf^ brilliant Imagination. — If the Micro- 
fcope leads Us downward, to the curious Secrets of 
the animalcule Creation ; the Tele/cope bears Us up- 
ward, to the grand Peculiarities of the ftarry Regions. 
The Eye, conduiSsd by this wonderful Guide, vifit^ 
a Variety of majeftic Orbs, which would otherwife 
be loft in unmeafurable Trafts of ^ther.— This, 
far more furpriAng than the Difcoveries*of Cdumbus^ 
has found out new Colonies of Worlds, in every 
Quarter of the no&urr^ Skies. This has placed a 
* glittering Crefcent, on the Brow of one * of the 
. Planets ; and has given others a moft ftately Traia 
^j of Attendants f. 

J Tell me, Tberon ; could You difcern the full Choir 

of the Conftellations, or diftinguifh the viriegated 

Face of the Moon, without the Aid of your Telefcopic 

^ . • Tube? Could You, with your unaffifted Eye, get a 

[ Sight of yupiter^s Satellites, or procure a Glimpfe of 

Saturn's Ring ?^^Without that fupplemcntary Aid to 

• ©ur Sight, they are quite imperceptible ; though the 

• Sate! lites of the forFner,vare incomparably more mag- 

f nificent, than the Retinue of all the Monarchs in the 

k T 4 World; 

* The Planet Fcnus, f The Satellites of Jupiter 

[ and Saturn, 

zSq P I a l o g u e: vfc 

World i^and compared with the Ring of the latter^ ' 

all the Bridges on ten thoufand JR^ivers, are lefs thar^ 
the Ferule of your Cane. . 

As the Telefcope to the Eye, fo is lUv^latipn to the 
Undcrftanding. It difcovcrs Truths, which exclu- 
fivp of fuch a Difcovery, had been for ever hid frpm. 
the moft fagacious Minds. — 'Tis ftrange to the un*. 
learned Obferver, that this ponderous Globe of Earth 
^nd Seas, fhould wheel its fapid Circuit round tb^ 
Sun. But the Telefcope has rendered this Fa£l cjear 
to a Deraonftration. — *Tis ftrange likewife to our 
natural Apprehenfions, that We fhould die in jldam^ 
and be undpne by our firft parents Difobediencc/ 
Nor lefs fo^ that We fhould be made alive in 
CHRIST^ and derive our Recovery from his //t^-^ 
puted Righteoufnefs. But Revelation makes this 
Dodlrine as certain, as it is comfortable^ ] 

Ther. Poes Revelatipn make it certain ?. — This is 
^ Point not yet eftablifhed, but taken for grantedi 
I rather apprehend, that Revelation, in no Place 
maintains it, in many Places difavows it. — During^ 
your Abfence, Afpafio^ I have fpent fome Time in , 

fearchirig the Scriptures, with a particular View to 
this Tenet. I can find no fuch Expreffion in the 
whole Bibje, as the Imputation of CBRISTs" * 

Righteoufnefs. If it was fo leading an Article, as 
You reprefent ; furely, it could not have been pn- j 

tirely forgotten by the infpired Writers,, nor utterly J 

excluded from their Bo<|y of Divinity, 1 

Jfp. The very identical Expreffion may npt occur, 
,and yet the Dodtrine bi abundantly taught. I be- 
lieve. You never met with the Word Refurre^ion^ in « 
aiiy Part of the Pentateuch 5 nor ever read the Phrafe 
Saiisfa^ion^ in all the New Teftament. Yet our 







LORD fully proved the Truth of the former, from 
the Writings of Mofes ; and You Yourfelf have ac- 
knowledged the latter, to be the unanimous Senfe 
of the Apoftles and Evangelifts. 

In the Epiftle to the Romans^ We have expreft 
and repeated Mention of a Righteoufnefs im'puted. 
What or whofe Righteoufnefs, can be the Subjediof 
this Affertion ? — ^Not the Righteoufnefs of Jngeh. 
They are a fuperior Clafs of Beings, and have na 
fuch intimate Connexion with our Nature. — ^Not 
the Righteoufnefs of eminent Saints, This is the 
exploded Error of Popery ; and furniflies the Romljh 
Zealots with that Chimera of Arrogance and Folly,. 
Works of Supererogation. — ^Not any Righteoufnefs 
bf our own : for, it is pofitively declared, to be 
without Works * ; in which- no Works of our own 
have any Concurrence, or the leaft Share.-r— What 
other Righteoufnefs then can be meant, but the 
Righteoufnefs of our great SUSTITUTE, 
SURETY, and SAVIOUR? Who took 
pur Nature; difcharged our Debt; and is there- 
fore ftyled, JE HO VAH our Righteoufnefs f. 

Ther, This feems contrary to the whole Tenour 
of the facred InftruSions. What fays the Prophet ?• 
When the wicked Man turneth away from his Wickedneft 
that He hath committed^ and doeth that which is lawful 
and right y He fhallfave his Soul alive J.— Here, that 
greateft of Blefiings, the Salvation of the Soul, i& 
afcribed to.a Departure from Evil, and a Perfeverance 
in'-'Good: to a real Alteration. in a Man's own Tem- 
per and Conduift, not to any fanciful Application of 
fome tranfmiiTive Righteoufnefs from Another. ^ 


• Rom. iv. 6. I Jcr. xxiii. 6. % Ezck^ 

^yiii. 27. 

«82 D I A L O G U E VI. 

Ajp. Let me a(k my TJ^tfw } Is thercnoWicked- 
ncfs, bat Riot and Debauchery, Profanenefs and In- 
juftxce? — Unbeliefs though it may pafs witlK)Ut Cen- 
fure or Notice in a Syftem <rf Morality, is, in the 
Volume of Revelation, declared a capital Crime* 
Our LORD, fpeakingoftheHOLY SPIRIT, 
mentions it as a fignal Part of his Office, That He 
JbaU convince the World of Sin. — Of what Sin ? Scan* 
dalous Violations of moral Rectitude ? This were a 
needlcfe Employ. The Light of Reafon is fufficient, 
to evince fuch a Charge ; and the Court of Confcienc^ 
is crefted, to pafs the deferved Sentence.— Of Sin, 
aidds the heavenly TEACHER, becaufe they be^ 
Beve not on me* : on my Death, as the Caufe of their 
Forgivenefs ; on my Righteoufnefs, a;s the Ground 
of their Acceptance ; on my SPIRIT, as th« 
novjrcrful Principle of their Holincfs. 

Unbelief treats G OD as a Liar f ; becaufe it re- 
jefls the Teftimony, which He has bore concerning 
Jiis beloved S O N.~Unbelief tramples on the Blood 
of CHRISTy and is a moft contemptuous Affront i 

to all his favingOffices.*'— Unbelief would counteract J 

the Operations of the HOLY GHOST ; whofc j 

peculiar Work it is, to teftify of CHRIST^ and 
make manifeft his Righteoufnefe.^-^To fay all in a 
Word; Unbelief is that greaty th^t comprebenjive 
Sin, which fcornfully reje6l:s, or impioufly re- j 

Bounces, the moft glorious Method of Salvation^ 
which Omnifci^nce itfelf could devife $• ' 


• John xvi. 9. f 1 John v. 10. 

t Bengelius makes no Scruple to affirm. Pejus eft nan • 

credere Evangelic ^ quam Sodcmitas imitari. That is ;;, Not j 

'to believe the Gofpel, not to ipceive the glad Tidings i 

o£ Grace in CHRIST, is more provoking, and will 



• ' The wicked Man, therefore, never turns from his 
Wickednefs; till He turns, by a true Faith, to 
JESUS CHRIST. Till then. He is a Rebel 
^^inft the Go/pel j however He may pay fome fpc- 
cious and partial Regard to the Law. So flagrant 
a Rebel, that he ftands particularly excepted, even 
an the Aft of Evangelical Indemnity. For, as I& 
ihat believeth on the SON^ hath everlafling Life ; (o^ 
He that believeth noty is eondemned already^ and the 
Wrath of G OD abidetb on him *. 

Ther. What are the PfalmiJTs Sentiments on this 
Subjeft ? Dpcs not He reprefent the Matter in a 
very different Light ? Thou^ LORD, art merciful i 
for Thou rewardefi ruery Man according to hisy not 
Another's, fForks f. 

Afp* Weighty Saying ! May it imprefs our very 
Hearts ! — GOD is merciful, and therefore reward- 
<th. From whence it appears, that what We call a 
Reward, is really an Aft of Mercy, rather than of 
Juftice. The Wages of Sin is Death ; but the Gift 


prove more dedrudtive, than- the Sin of Bodom* This He 
grounds* not on the Reafons ajSigned by Afpajio^ but on 
that which includes them all, and furpafles them all, 
even our LORD*s own Declaration, Matt, x. 15. 

• John iii. 18, 36. The Words are exceedingly en|* 
phatical, and no le& awful. — Not barely iitjhall come 
into Condemnation, but He (that believeth not) // con- 
demned already. Though ever fo civilized or refined in 
his outward Converfation, He lies under a Sentence of 
Death, and is the Objedl of divine Wrath. — ^Which not 
only will vift Him, but ahidetb on Him. So that, 
where- ever He may be, whatever He may do, the Difr 
pleafure of the tremendous JEHOVAH hangs over 
Him, like a moft dreadful Sword. Which, if He dies 
in fuch a Condition, will inevitably fall upon him> and 
cut him in Pieces eternally. 

t Pfal, Ixii. 12, 

j«84 D I A L O G U E VI. 

(fays the Apoftle, altering his Style, anJ makln^g a 
very obfertrablc Diftindion) the Gift of GOD fe 
eternal Life *. 

The infpircd Writer fubjoins, not for^ but ^r- 
ardiug U f^ every Man's Works. A Man's Works 
are the Meafure, not the meritorious Caufe. To 
merit, is the fole Prerogative of the S AVIOUR's 
JBIood and Obedience. To thefe it is owing, that 
our imperfeft Services are honoured with any Ac- 
ceptance; much more that they are recompenfed 
with any Reward. — ^Though, after a Sinner is juf- 
tificd, his own Deeds find Favour in the Sight of 
the LORD: yet in the Juftification of Sinners, 
•GOD has noRefpeft taany human Performances. 
He has no Refpeft to one Man as better than ano- 
ther, but to the Righteoufncfs of his bleffed SON . 

Thtr. Does not this E5<!pofition of yours, clafli 
with that truly generous Acknowledgment of St. 
Peter f In- every Nation^ He that, fear eth G OD, an4 
worketb Rigbteoufnefs^ is accepted with Him f. Here, 
it is undeniably evident, that Acceptance with our 
CREATOR, is founded on a Man's own Piety, 
and .perfonal Integrity; upon his fearing GQDy 
and tvorking Righteoufnefs* 

Jfp. Rightly to underftand this Text, We fhould 
enquire into theCircumftances of the Hiftory. — The 
A poftle Ivad been ftrongly and moft unreafonably pre^ 
judked in favour of the Jews ; imagining, that the 


• Rom. vi. 23. 

t 1TOTu>3, not nti^D hV- So the Apnf!le fpeaks. 
. E^'cry Man (hall receive his own Reward, »«!?<», not ^wr 
TCI* hti.,* x;vo». I Cor. ill. 8. 

^. J Ads X. 35* 


•Salvation of CHRIST^ like the Difpcnfation of 
Mofes^ muft be confined to his Countrymen.-*-But 
now, having confidered the Purport of his late hea- 
venly Vifion ; having compared it with the angelic 
Meiiage, delivered to Cornelius ; and being made ac- 
quainted with the Chara£):er of that valuable Man ; 
He breaks out into this truly catholic Declaration. — 
*' My Prejudices are vanifhed. My Sentiments arc 
** enlarged. From the Inftance before me, it is ds- 
« monjirably certain; that the HOLY ONE of 
** Ifrael^ does no longer appropriate the Blei&ngs 
** of his Covenant, to any particular Perfon, Fa- 
•' mily, or People. But\ in every Nation^ He thai 
*« feareth G OD ; andy from a Principle of Religion 
*< in the Heart, worketb Righieoufnefs in the Lifei 
*^ is accepted, with Him, So accepted, as to be. an 
** Objeft of the Divine Favour, and an Inheritor 
** of the Kingdom of Heaven." 

Thisj I think, is the exa<a Meaning of the Placed 
And let it be recollefted, that no One truly fears, or 
can poflibly pleafe GOD, without Faith *• That 
no Prayers can be fet forth as the Incenfe ; no Alms 
can go up as a Memorial before GOD; nor any 
Sacrifices be acceptable in his Sight, but only 
through JESUS CHRIST. For v/hich Rea- 
fons, it feems neceffary to fuppofe, that Cornelius^ 
though a Heathen by Birth, had believed through 
Grace. — ^Nay ; it is evident from the Context, that 
he had heard of CHRIST\ had fome Acquain- 
tance with the Defign of his Coming, and the Exe- 
cution of his Office f ; enough to be tlie Ground 

• Heb. xi. 6. 
t Sec Fer, 36, 37. Indeed it coald hardly be other- 
wife ; fince Cornelius was Ibtioned ac C^t/area ; tlie Refi- 



of a realf though perhaps an infantile Faith. The 
Bufincfs of the Apoftle was, to lead this Convert 
into the clear Light, and full Privileges of the 
Gofpel ; to ratify and confirm his Title to them^ 
by the facred Seal of Baptifm ; and introduce Him^ 
as thq Firjl-fruits of the Gentiles, into the Chriftiaa 
Church. , 

Nothing therefore can be concluded from thia 
Paflage,. but that the glad Tidings of Chriftianitf , 
are for Jews^ for Gentilesy for all People— that, by 
Faith, even the Gentiles obtain a good Report, 
sind are enabled to bpng forth the PVuits of Righ^ 
tcoufnefs — and Faith, though weak, yet if fmcerely 
improved, will certainly be increafed ^ will " go 
«' from Strength to Strength/' 

Ther. Does not our SAVIOUR, in defcribing . 
the Procefs, and foretelling the Ifliie of the laft de- 
cifive Tryal, affign a Kingdom to the Righteous? 
Aflign it in this precife View, as a proper Remune- 
ration of their own good Works j faying, in the moft 
cxprefs Terms ; Come^ ye Blejfed of my FATHER^ 
inherit the Kingdom prepared for Tou, from the Foun-^ 
dation of the World: for I was an hungred^ andTt 
gave me Meat \ for, tfr. for, tfr. * 

Afp. Be pleafed to take notice of the Exprefixon. 
They are bidden to inherit : and what is freer than 
an Inheritance ? Was your Patrimony the Reward 


dence of the Lord Lieutenant ; and Seat of the C/W, a^ 
Jerufalem was of the Bcclejtaftical Govern meat. In a 
Place of fuch general Refort, fo very remarkable an 
Event could not be unknown. Efpecially, as Fhilip the 
Evangelift had fixed his Abode in that City. See ASli 
viii. 40. 

• Matt. xxv» 30, 



of your own Services ?— Obferve alfo the Reafm 
ailedged, and compare it with the Rule of Judicat- 
ture. He that believeth^ faith the fupreme JUDGE, 
Jhall be yfa*9ed.: This is the avowed, the invariably 
Standard) by which He proceeds, in adminifierii^ 
cverlafting Judgment- Accordingly, He coftfefs 
eternal Life on the Righteous, as Pcrfons intitled 
to this great Felicity, on the Foot of his own gra- 
cious Appointment. • 

For denotes, not the Foundatim^ but the Evi^ 
dince^ of their Right. " I acquit fuch a Perfon," 
fays the Arbitrator in a judicial Claim ; « for the 
- « Witneffes depofe, that the Debt is paid/' The 
Depofition, which anfwers to thefe righteous hSts^ 
is the Proofs Payment of, the Debt, which corre* 
fponds with CH-R/ST^sperfeft Obedience, is the 
Caufe * of the Difcjiarge. — For Te have given ; Ye 
have abounded in all Inftances of Duty to M E, 
and Love to your Brethren ; and thereby have mar 
nifefted Yourfelves true Believers, 

It may be farther obferved. That our L O R D 
fays not, Ye have done it to your Fellow-creatures, 
but to thefe my Brethren f. He commends not every 
random A<9: of Good-nature or Generofity, but fuch 
Kinds of Beneficence only, as carry the Chrtjiian 
Stamp J were exercifed to a Difciple, ** in the 
•* Name of a Difciple," And thefe moft evidently 


♦ The Spring is come, fays the Countryman ; fir the 
Orchard blooms, and the Black-bird fings. The Bloom- 
ing of the Trees, and the Melody of the Birds, were ne- 
ver fuppofcd to create^ only to charaSerize^ the delight- 
ful Scafon. They are, not its Caufe, but the Proof of 
its taking place. 

t Matt. XXV. 40. 

iz88 t> LA L O G U fi Vt 

fpring from Faith j the/e undeniably attcft its Sin^ 

7%er, Are not thefe DiftincSions more fukley than 
folid ? 

jf/p^ To me they appear in no fuch Light, If 
You think otherwife, let Us^ appeal to thofe excel- 
lent Perfons themfelves. The Turn, the very re- 
markable Turn of their Sentiments, will fully de- 
cide our Queftion. — Do they lay any Strefs uport 
their own religious Duties, and beneficent Deeds ? 
Far from relying on them, farther ftill from pleading 
them, they beftow not a Jingle Thought upon them. 
Having fixed their Hopes on the ROCK of Ages, 
they forget thefe tranfient Bubbles *. Nay, they^ 
wonder to hear their exalted MASTER, making 
any honourable Mention of fuch deffeftive Services. 

O ! that We may be enabled, through the whole 
Courfe of our Lives, to follow the Example of their 
Piety ; and, when We appear before the tremen- 
dous Tribunal, to imitate their Humility and Wif^ 
dom ! 77?eir Humility \ in renouncing themfelves^ 
and difclaiming all Defert of. their own. Their Wif- 
4om ; in repofing their whole Confidence, on th6 
Righteoufnefs of their GOD and SAVIOUR. ' 

Ther. Our LORD makes no Mention of this 
Doftrine, in his Sermon on the Mount. Whereas,' 
if it had been fo very material^ He would at leaft have 


• Bubbles they are, compared with the all-gk)ri«u8 
Obedience of CHRIST\ or confidered in reference tq - 
the grand Affair of Juftification before GOD. — But as 
Bubbles, or watery Veficles inflated with Air, are- the 
Means of exhibiting the beautiful Coloursof the Rain-^ 
h(nxi ; fo thefe Services, though poor and imperfed, 
hear Teftimony to the Exiflence of that precious Grace 


touched u{M>h ky in that comprehenfive Summary of 
trut Religion. • 

JJ^. Our iiOR'D fays notaWord, concerning 
t!he Sacrifice of his Death. Neither k there Ji Syl- 
labk, relating to his Interceffion for Tranfgreffors, 
But' arc- thefe Articles of our Faith to be deemed 
jiAitious or (upcitfldous ? Becaufe, they are not cx- 
prefly inculcated, in that admirable Treatife of prac'- 
thai Divinity ? 

HWever, upon' a' more attentive Examination, 
pet^aps, We (hall find* the Poirit moft ftrongly im- 
fli^S though not iXKxvteAy ffetified\ its Neceffity 
dfemonftratcd^* though its Nature be not explained^ 
-^TheiHuftrious TEACHER opened his Mouth, 
and With a peculiar Solemnity faid ; Bleffed qre the 
Poor in Spirit *.— But JVho are they ? Not the Per- 
foils^ who foothe themfelves with the flattering Con- 
odt of the Lmditian Church ; lam rich in Obedience, 
and ifkreafed ini^mtxidl G&ods f . Thofe rather, who 
fee their Indigence ; bewail their Guilt ; and hun- 
ger' and thirft aftef the juftifyihg Merit of a RE- 
DEEMER. Who, from the very Bottom of art 
bumbled Heart, confefs; " LORD, I am no 
•*"more able to keep every Jot and Tittle of thy 
** holy Law, than I am capable of atoning for my 
*' innumerable Sins. CHRIST muft be my Righ- 
** teoufnefs, as well as my Propitiation, or elfe I am 
** irrecoverably undone." 

The inimitable PREACHER farther informs 
his Hearers ; That, unltfs thtir Righteoufntfs exceed 
the Rigbteoufnefs of the Scribes and PharifeeSy they Jhatt 
in no wife enter into the Kingdom of Heaven J. — How 
muft Chriftians exceed the Pharifees I Not only in 
. yoL. L U beii^ 

• Matt. V. 5. t Rev, ill* 17. J MatU v. a^ 


being Jincere I in having Refpcft unto all GOD's 
Cpmmandments ; but alfo in poffeffing a complete 
Righteoufnefs. He fpcaks of that Righteoufnefs, 
iby which Men enter into the Kingdom of HeaveiV. 
He fpeaks of fuch a Righteoufnefs, as is defcribed 
in the following Parts of the Sermon, and exaftly 
correfponds with the Demands of the Law. He 
fpcaks of fuch a Righteoufnefs, as admits of no 
Failure, but arifes to the very Summit of Perfec- 
tion. And where, where will You fnd this Righ- 
teoufnefs, unlcfs You have Recourfe to the con- 
fummate Obedience of the great MEDIATOR f 

Ther. The ORACLE of Heaven, You know, 
was once confulted upon that moft momentous of 
ail Queftions ; How a Pt rfon may afcertain his Title 
to Life and Immortality f And what is tie Tenour 
of the facred Refcript ?-^We are referred to the 
Ten Commandments ; and, in the moft explicit 
Terms, with the moft peremptory Air, told; This 
DO, and thou Jhait live *. 

Jfp. That particular Perfon, if You pleafe, was 
referred to the Ten Commandments ; not fVe^ and 
Mankind in general. — Our LORD, in the pre- 
ceding Verfes, had informed his Difciples ; That 
they muft receive the Kingdom of GODy or the 
Grace of the Gofpel, and the Bleffings it propofds^ 
as a little Child. • And this can hardly lignify, as the 
Refult or Confequence of their own Doings. 

Ther. " That particular Perfon referred ! Not 
<^ We and Mankind in general !"— I don't under- . 
fiand your Meaning, Jfpafio. 

Jfp. You will obferve then, that our LORD's 
Reply was not an univerfal Direftion, but an An- 

• Matt. xix. 17.JjL.ukex. 28. 


fwer adHominern j peculiarly adapjted * to the young 
Gen .leman's Application. Which, however it may 
be admired, was none of the wifeft. — 'Inftead of a(k- 
ing ; " How fliall a poor guilty Mortal, who is every 
*♦ Day offending, obtain Forgivcnefs from* the righ- 
«* teous GOD?" Inftead, of faying; « How fhall 
** I, who am not able to think a jW Thoughty-makc 
" fure my Title to an eternal Weight of Glory ?" 
Our Que^'ift demands ; fFhat good Thing Jhall I DO, 
that I may inherit eternal Life? The Reply proceeds 
upon the Enquirer's own Principles.-^" ^ You 
" expeft Life and Immortality, upon JfUch legal 
" Terms; know, that your Obedience muft be 
" nothing lefe, than a perfe^ Conformity to the 
**^ divine Law. Perform all ita^ Precepts, in their ' 
" utmoft Extent, and with an unremitted Perfevc- 
*' ranee, then" — But alas f fuch Pcrfeaion is too ' 
high for fallen Creatures ; they cannot attain imto " 
it. Neceffarily, therefore, muft they drop all fuch 
Prctenfions, and have recourfe to fome other Me- 
thod of Juftification. 

Ther. Why did that " Wonderful COUN- 

<« S E L L O R," if fuch was the Purport of his 

U z 'Anfwer,. 

.• It is delightful to obfervc the OToXwaroimX®* C»?*«> 
the curious , Fatietyj yet the confummaie Propriety ^ of oar - 
L O R D's Conduft ; how exaftly this divine Caiuift fuits 
his Counfel, to the different States, and various Charac- 
ters of Mankind. — The Secure and Prefumptuous He 
fends to the La<Wj that they may be humbled. To the 
Affiled and Contrite He preaches the GofpeU that they 
may be raffl^rfA/.-^When:the Phmifety fttH of Self-con- 
teit, (lands up'and fays. What Jhall I do? The Anfwef 
is. Do all that is commanded. When the finful Woman 
falls at the REDEEMER'S Feet, and fpeaks inTeaft 
the Guilt of her \ii^% Thy Sim anfirgkwt, is the gra- 
cious Reply. 


Anfwcx^ ex]jrefs Himfclf fo obfcurely ? Why dl($ 
I|e not divert his promiiing Scholar from this fruit- 
kfs Attempt j and put Him ipi the right> the prac- 
t^cab.le Way of obtaining Salvation ? 

Afp. This He did, with the fineft Addrefs, an<l. 
in the moft ikilful Manner. — Had our LORD af- 
fi/med, ** You are worldly ; You are covetous \ 
*<^ yg^jr I}.iches are your GOD :" fuch a Charge 
would, in all Probability, have been as confidently 
denied, as it was plainly urged. Therefore He bringa^ 
this fpccio;is Hypocrite to a 7g/? ♦, which, could not 
be evaded, and which was fure to difcover the Truths 
A Teft, wKicb laid open the palpable and enormpu^ 
Defeds of hi^ fo much boafted Obedience. Whiph 
nud« it appear, tha,t, inftead of keeping ^/Z the Com- 
n^andmentjs, this vain Self-jufticiary had not qbeyei 
tl\e vtxy firji. But, amidft all his towering Imagi-. 
nations of Himfelf/, bad b^en^ and ajt that very Inftant 
Wjfis, a fordid groveling Idolater : who preferred hia 
tranfitory Poffeflions on Earth,^ to an everlafting In-- 
heritance in the Kingdom of Heaven.— Could ^ny* 
Expedient be more fuitable to the Cafe ? Or better 
calculated to reduce Him, intoxicated as He was^^. 
with Pride, to a fober humble Mind ? To beat Him 
off from his falfe Foundation, the Righteaufnefi which 
is of the Law; and lead Him to a Reliance on the pio^ 
mifed, the expeded, the prefent MESSIAH?' 


* Matt. XIX. 21. If Thotf <w/(i Be pfrfi£ly felt alt 1 170$. 
Thcu hafi^ and give to the Pepr. This I)ire£lioi|feem9 to 
be much of the faflie Naturcu with th^ other Part of ouf 
LORD'S Reply, If Tb^u wilt entpr tiue Ufe^ kefp tht 
ComfiMndments. Bothi we^e perfonal ; both occafioual i 
hofki adapted to particular Circumftances. The latter i«^ . 
no more the ftatcd eyanffclicaj W^ytp Heaven, than the 
tbrmer is the common indifpenfable Duty of all ChriiUaa^ 

DIALOGUE yi. 295 

It puts me in miAd of myFritnd Sagario'sConAikSL 
Which (terns to have feme Conformity with our 
LORD'S Procedure 5 and m4y, poifibly, tendto il* 

• 1 uftrate its Propriety. — ^Vifiting one of his unlearned 
Neighbour^) He found l)tm in Company with acer«- 
tain talkative Stranger ; who wis haranguing) at an 
£ktrmmgant Rate, on the Wonders of Aftronomy.— * 
Sag4icio foon perceived, that the chief Furniture of 
this extraordinary Adept, lay in a little Acquain- 
' tanc6 with the technical Terms, and fomewhat more 
than a little Share of Afiuranct. How ihould He 
luring the felf-plumed Sciolift to a little Modefty of 
Sentiment, and Decorum of C6nverfation7 He took 
leave to a(k, " What the Word AJlrommy might 

. ** fignify?" The Orator was ftruck dumb in a Mo- 
ment. He had n6ver informed Himfelf, it feems, 
that Aftronomy related to the Order and Regulation 
oi the Stars. T4iis fingle Queftion tau^t our mi- 
nute Philofopher, more efFeSually than twenty Lec- 
tures on the Subje£l. It taught Him his own Jgno- 
ranee ; and that He had the very Rudiments of his 
fo much admired Science ftill to learn. 

TTjer. What will You fay to thofe famous Paflagcs 
in the I^piftle of St. James? By Works a Man is jujli- 
fied. Was not Abraham our Father jujiified by Works * ? 
Can any Words be plainer in their Meaning ? Or, 
can any Meaning be more direftly oppoflte to the 
^whole Scope of your Argumentation ? 

Jfp. This I would fay, Theron. — ^The Paflages You 

quote, when detached from the Context, mzy feem 

inconfiftent with the Declarations of another Apoftlc. 

As a Limb, when wrenched from its natural Situation, 

U 3 appears 


• Jam. ii. 21, 24. 


appears with an Air of Difproportionv Whereas, 
reduce the diflocated Part, will, recover the* 
Symmetry of its Shape j . it will harmonize exadtly . 
with the animal Syftem-— -Replace likewife thefe Af- . 
fertions ; confider them, in Connexion with the whqlf 
Paragraph ; and they will be found, if not Unifpns^ . 
y«t perfeA Concords, with the Strain of St. Paul's . 

What is tb6 Drift wd Aim gf St. Ji^mf? To 
diftinguifh a genuine from an infincere Faith. Ob-, - 
fcrve, how He ftates the Cafe. It is not. Though 
Man have. Faith ; but Though a Man fay. He bath 
Faith *.. This is mentioned, as the Bo^^ft of fome 
hypocritical Profeflbf . . So that the Apoftle is evi- 
dently dealing with a Pretender to the precious Gift. 
Accordingly H« d^mands^ with great Propr ety and: 
Spirit ; Shew me thy Faith. Prove the Reality of 
thy Claini. Prove it to me^ and to the Church ;. 
to thy FclloW^-crcatures, and Fellow-chriftians.. 
* What Thou calleft thy Faith, if it be not produc- 
tive of righteous Difpofitions and^pdly Works, We 
muft pronounce fpurious, worthlcfs, dead. . 

Having 'detfefted th^ Count erf eity He proceeds lo 
defcribe the Stcr/ing. The grand. Charadlerifticbf 
which is, A Frame of Mind and a Courfe of Action, 
correfponding with the Doftrine believed. By this 
Touchftone the Faith of our renowned Progenitor 
was tried j and, being tried, was '* foiind untoPraife, 
<' and Honour, and Glory.' ■ fVas not Abraham our' 
Father jujiified by Works^ when He- had ojfered 1{z2lc 
his Son upon the Altar? — Jiiftified ! How? As to 
Acceptance with the Supreme JUDGE? No : 
this was effefted long before Ifaac was offered, was 

• Jaiii. ii. 14, 



ll^Otff, or conceived in the Womb. But when the' 
believing and juftified Patriarch, exercifed that He- 
roic AS of Self-denial, Refignationjand Obedience; 
then He demonftrated Himfelf, to be a real unfeigned 
BcHevcr ; then his Juftification was evidenced, to all 
his Cotemporaries, and to all Generations. jBy this, 
and fuch other Works, his Faiih was made pcrfeH * ;' 
anfwered its proper End j appeared to be of the 
trlie, the triumphant, the fcriptural Kind ; fmce it' 
overcame the World, overcame Self, and regarded 
GOD as All in All. 

Upon the whole ; St. Paul fpeaks concerning the 
Juftification of our Perfons ; St. James concerning 
the Juftification of our Paiih f.— St* Paul defcribes 
the Manner of being juftified, before the all-feeing 
GO D ; St. James points out the Proof J of a jufti- 

- fied 

• ETiXi»«fli|, In this Senfe, I fuppofe, We ^re to un- 
derftand St. Joints Aphorifm. He that doetb Rigbteou/ne/s^ - 
is righteous \ is undoubtedly juftified ; is righteous before 
GOD, the Searcher of Hearts. This his holy Life de- 
floonftrates, that He has indeed believed unto Righteoufnrfs. 
It juftifies his Profeffion of Faith, both from the Charge, 
and frpm the Sufpicion of Infinccrity. i Jphn iii. 7. 

+ That the Expreffion ufed by St. James , fignifies this 
declarative Juftification, is plain from 1 Tim> iii. 16. 
Whc«j the Apoftle, fpeaking <^ onx LORD JESUS 
CHRIST^ lays; iJi»ea*wO»?, He luas juftified in or hy the 
SPIRIT: that is. He was declared to be the true SON 
of G OD ; manifefted on Earth, and recognized from Hea- 
ven, as the undoubted SAVIOUR of the World. 
. t A very little Reficftion, I ihould imagine, muft con- 
vince every unprejudiced Reader ; That St. James can- 
not pojiribly be ftating the Method of Juftification, before 
the infinitely righteous GOD. Becaufc, He never fo 
much as mentions th^e Death of CHRIST-^Who made 
his Scul an Offering for Sin — to nvhom give all the Prophets 
rwftnefs', that nvhcfoe'ver believeth^ in Him, Jhall receive Re- 
U 4 miJ/roM 

496 D I A LO G U E Vh 

tified State, as it is viable to Men ; Seafi ThaB.'^^ 
The former proceeds froo^i the immaculate Righ^- 
Qufnefs of CHRIST^ placed to our Account $ the> 
latter confifts in the Fruits of jS-i^teo^ihefs, adorn- 
ing our Life. — Rightly underftood, cherofons, thqfe 
' Pairagesare.notintbeleaftcontradi&^ryto.the£{)jf-' 
ties of St. Paul^ or to the Scop^ of my Ai^ittmen^ta-!^ 
tion. But are afeaibnableCaveai: an<i a proper Pre-> 
lervative, againft xnifunderftsmding tio/tft or per- 
verting this* 

Tber. I wifll, you would xead that concife, but 
judicious Abridgment of true Religion, comprifed 
in the fifteenth Pfalm. The facred Penman, for hii 
own and for the iBform^ticgn of all Mankincjl, alka ; 
L OR Dy who, /hall dwell in thy TabemacUy ur wh» 
Jhall njl upan thy holy Hill? To this moft interefting 
Enquiry, the following Vcrfes are a full and fatis- 
facftory Anfwer. The whole of which turns upon 
the Difcharge of rtioral Duties ; walking uprightly^ 
and working Righteoufnefs. Without a Syllable, or 
a fingle fKat, concerning the very fuperior Excel- 
lence ofrFaith, or the extreme Neccffity of a vica* 
rious Obedience. 

Afp. I have often read, and I well remember, that 
inftru(ftxve Pfabn. And I beg leave to obfervc, 
©nc^ fpr all> with relation to fuch Paffages of the 
Old Tcftamcnt; That they fuppofe the Perfons, ' 
whom they dcfcribe, to be convinced of their na- 
tural QQrruptim'\ to be humbled under a Senfe of • J 


mj^ tf ^ins^-aud htfJfJes nv^^om, there is m other Name j 

grven vnder Hea'uen^ lukershy We ean he fa'ved^-^Could an ' J 

Apoftle {oahfobaeiji forget 'his LORD ; and in a Cafe, I 

where every other infpircd Writer acknowledges Him; 
n^y, acknowledges Hlro tp be All in All ? 


Vi A L O G U E VI, 497 

ihtiia^uaiGwi$3 afultoliirem8icoafcietitiousOb<> 
fecTance of the expiatory Sacrifices. Ali which ha4 
an invurable Reference to CHRIST, and derived 
their whole Virtue from his Medration. 

Would any of the Jewijh Saints, have dared to 
advance a Plea for eternal Bleffednefs, upon the Foot 
of their .own Conformity to fuch moral Diredlions ? 
Negle^iiPg* at the fame Time, the Sacrifkes of the 
three great Feftival^ , or a believing Improvement 
of the daily Oblation. — ©y no means. They were, 
and. they would acknowledge themfelves, deplorably 
dcfedive. They would plead the Promife of free 
Giace, and fly to the Blood, which GOD himfclf , 
h|ul appointed to mate an Jtoncmen^ for their Souls. 
-^^ fuch Sentiments and fuch a Conduct, they 
reduced to Praflice the very EfTence of our Doc- 
trine : difavowing their own Deeds, however vir- 
tuous or religious ; and trufting in the Strength of 
Jfraelj the LORD our Righteoufnefs. Who alone 
fulfilled all the Precepts, contained In this excel- 
lent Formulary of Duty. Who was alfo the Sub" 
Jiance of every purifying and of every propitiatory 
Rite. Whom, therefore, thofe holy People re- 
garded, as the only Caufe of Juftifidation and Sal^ 

Ther. Has not the facred Writer cxprefly faid, at 
the Clofe of the Pfalm ? JVhofo DOETH thefe ThingSy 
fhall never fall. 

Jfp. He has : And this, I apprehend, is his Mean- 
ing.—-'* Perfons of fuch a Temper, and fuch a Prac- 
« tice, bear the Marks of GOD's Children, and 
" are meet for his Glory. Accordingly, they (hall 
" never fall, either into total Apoftacy here, or 
♦* final Condemnation hereafter. They arc now 

« Heirs^ 


«< Heirs, and in due Time {hall be Poflcftbrs,* dP 
" his eternal Kingdom." 

But you will take notice, that all thefe Duties 
lind Qualifications, on\y charaSfBrtze^ not conflitutej 
the Inheritor of Heaven. — You will likewife advert 
to another very remarkable Cil-cumftance in the De- 
fcription ; Hefetteth not by Himfelf, but rs lowfy in his 
own Eyes *. Or, as the more expreflive Original 
fpcaks. He is defpicalle and vih irt his own Sight. 
So far from afpiring to Self-juftification, that He 
even condemns and abhors Himfelf. He falls down, 
as a moft unworthy Wretch, at the Foot of infi- 
nitely free Grace. 

Ther. I cannot but think, it is the current Doc-- 
iffine of Scripture, and I am furc, it is oner of the 
jlrjl Principles which the Light of Nature teaches— 
That the moft high GOD muft neceffarily love 
Righteoufnefs, and take pleafure in the Righteous. 

jffp. If, what is called^ the Light of Nature was 
to publife a Gofpel, I believe, it would be formed 
upon your Plan. It would beftow Favour only 


** • P/aL XV. 4. DKD3 VVjrn ntlJ. I cannot fay, that I 
admire the Bible Tranflation of this Claufe : In ^hofe 
Eyes the vile Per/on is conUmpfihle. Mcthinks, it docs not 
favour of the tender and benign Spirit of our Religion; '' 
which teaches Us to honeur all Men ; to defpife no one's 
Perfcn, but only to deteft the Wickednefs of the Wicked. 

Should the Senfe I have oppofed, have its Weight ; the 
Senfe I have preferred, is incomparably nveightier. If, to 
defpife the Vile, is a religious A61; to think meanly of 
OiirfelVes, is a much more advanced, and a far more dif- 
ficult Inftance < f true Religion. This is to copy one of 
the higheft Patterns of human Excellence ; who, not- 
v'ithftanding his very fuperior Attainments, accounted 
Jiimf'ilfUfs than ihe kaft of all Saints , nay, the n)ery chief eft 
tf Zinners, 

DIAL O G U E VL 999 

enthi-Irmocintj the Virtuous^ and the i/<?i^,— -But 
the Gofpel of CHRIST runs in a very different 
Strain. This brings Pardon for the Condemned, 
and BlefEngs for the Accurfed. This is Health 
to the Sick, and Recovery to. the Ruined^ The 
LORD hath anointed mey faith its divijie AU- 
THOR* to preach good Tidings to the Meek j to the 
poor, the Afflifted, the Miferable. — He hath fern 
me to bind up the Broken-hearted y whofe Mifery i$ 
To great, that it feems to admit of no Relief 5 but 
is plunging them in Pefpair, and even breaking 
their Hearts— /^ proclaim Liberty to the Captives, the 
wretched Captives of Sin, and Death, and HelJ — 
and the Opening of the Prifon to them that are bound \ 
bound in the Ch^in^ of Ignorance, Impotenqe» 
and yi^iitxy *. . 


• If at, 1x1. I. Upon this PafTage of Ifaiah I would 
beg Leave to obferve ; That tKe Word Meek fccms not to 
anfwer or convey the Pxcphet's- Idea. By the Meek, We 
are inclined to think of Perfons, endued with that pla- 
cid and quiet Spirit; which is, in the Sight of GOD, 
of great Price. This might difcourage many People, 
who know themfelves to be deftitute of fuch a gracious 
Habit. This might lead Others to fufpe^t, that fcme 
amiable Difpofition is previoujly neceflary, in order to re- 
ceive the Benefits of redeeming Grace. Which is jsl very 
miftaken, and Will prove a moft forbidding Notion. 

The Original D'^yfignifics, in this Place, The Af- 
jfliSied^ not thofe who are beautified with Meeknefs, but 
thofe who are opprcfled with Mifery ; fpiritual Mifery 
cfpecially ; not excepting even thofe, who are Slaves to 
their own. unruly Paffions. — The Word'>3]^, from which 
CD^Uy IS derived, expreiTes that bitter Bondage and grie- 
vous Oppreflion, under which the Ifraelites groaned in 
Egypt. Sec Exoii. iii, 7. 

The whole Paragraph is a Defcription of extreme 
Wretchednefs. What can be more diftrefied than the 


y)o D I A L O (i U E VL 

As I am myiclfz mofi unworthy Sinner, Y6u iMift • 
not be difplcafed, .if I efpoufe the Caufe of fuch un- 
happy Creatures. Yet, though a Friend of Sinners, 
I am no Enemy to the Righteous. I entirely agree 
with my Therefiy that the moft High GOD necef- 
farily loves, Righteoufnefe. Only I want to be in- 
fbrined,, IFh^re this excellent and lovely Quality is 
to be found ?-^Not among the Gentiles^ They have. 
Iwerved from the Di&ates of natural Cpnfcience.-^ 
Not among the Jews. They have broke the holy 
Commandment delivered bn Mount Sinai, — fiot 
^mong.Chrifiians. For, if GOD ihould enter into 
Judgment with Us, We could not anfwer Him one 
of a Tboufand. — ^In the Kingdom of Mthiopia^ or 
in the Country of the Moors^ where will You fiod 
the native Whites ? 

The SAVIOUR of the World, who over- 
locked nothing valuable, not fo much as the Wi- 
dow's Mite, faw none among the Race of Adam^ 
that were entitled to the Chara6ler of Righteous. 
He who gave Himfelf a Ranfcwn for all, makes no 
Application to fuch Perfoits *. They lay quite 
beyond the Line of his CommiiEon. — ^Why ? Be- 
caufe He had a Quarrel with real Godlinefs? Be- 
t!aufe He fullenly dijejieemed perfonal Goodnefs ? 
Or was unable to difiingutjb the Excellency of in- 

Man, whofe oatwscrd Circumftances arelmpoveriHieid and 
ruined^ whofe Spirit is hroken under the Weight of his 
'Calamitits ; who is taken Captive by the Enemy, is 
♦hrowTi into a Dungeoiu and loaded with Irons f-^^Sxv^ is 
the Prophet's Rcprefcntetion ; this is the Figure of un- 
convfrted Sinners; and to thefe, to thefi CHRIST 
JESUS is a Ranfora, a Deliverer, a Portion. 

* Mat f Ax. 13. J earn net to call the Righteous^ SutSiff-' 
ncrs (e Rjfenlances ; 


lierent Virtue ?-^No verily. But becaufe He kne^» 
that, amiable as thefe Qualiiicationa are, tUey iuyei 
no Exiftence in the human Heart ; till the Sinner, 
reconciled by hts Death, be fandHfied alf> by his 

You 'remember, perhaps, that remarkable An- 
fwer, which the Spartans returned to a threatcnmg; 
Embaily, feat by Philip the formklable King of 
Mecedon. Nothing could be more concife ; 2tnA^ 
I.tiiihk, nothing was ever more fpirited and fig- 

Ther. Philip gave them to unqerftand by bis Am- 
bafladors ; **- That, if He entered their Territories,. 
" He would burn their Towns ;' put the Inhabit 
•< tants to the Sword; and fpread Deftrudion, 
" where-ever He advanced." — To which infolent 
and cruel Menace, the brave Laudamonians made 
no other Reply, than — IF.* 

Is this the Story, to which You refer ? 

Af^. The very fame. — And- when you are fpcaking 
of human Righteoufnefs, as the Caufe of our Accept- 
ance with the eternal GOD, I would borrow the 
Language of a Spartan* IF, fliall be my Reply. — 
Tf^ feclufive of the Obedience, and independent on 
the SPIRIT of CHRIST^ You can furniih 
Yourfelf with this Endowment : Or, 1/ You can 
carry your Righteoufnefs to that Perfeclion, which 
may equal the Purity of the Law, and comport with 
the Majefty of the L AW GIVER: then truft in 
it ; Ipt it be the Ground of your Confidence j and 
leek no better Foundation. 

But whoever (hall, in this Manner, feek for his 

Recommendation to the Favour of GOD; will 

aft like the mift^en Countryman in Hsrac^, Who, 

2 being 


being unable to ford the River, took up a Rcfolu- 
tion to wait, till the Stream was all run by : 

, ,Jt illi 

LaUtUTy. (^ lahetur in omne volubilis Mvum ♦. 

Her. Here, I fanfy. We muft take leave of your 
Countryman. If He adheres to his Refolution, We 
Ihall find Him in the very fame Situation, whien 
Breakfaft is over; and may refume our Subje^, 
juft where it is difcontinued. 

• Vain Man t defifi: Such flattering Hopes forego : 
Jt flows, and flows f 0Md wU for ever flow* 

D I A. 



y^^^??< O me, who have fpent the greateft 
S§i -^M, ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ Winter in Tawn^ thefc 
tej p^^ Scenes of the Country are inexpreflibly 
jJLU^jl^ pleafing. Take, who will, the gilded 
Salocn, and the filken Settee; fo 
long as I can (helter myfclf under the Canopy of 
fuch a fprcading Beech, and ufe one of its coarfc, 
piif-fhapen Roots for my Scat. 

*Tis true. We fee no longer thofe fplendid Bro- 
cades, and elegant Toupees, which diftinguifli the 
Pari and the Mail. — But we have, full in our View, 
a Multitude of honeil Ruftics ; purfuing their chear- 
ful Labours in yonder Meadow. Some, mowing 
the luxuriant Herbage. Some, fpreading it to the 
Sun, or raifing it into regular Cocks. Others, 
loading their Waggons with the Hay, or clearing the 
Ground with their Rakes. The Ground, cleared 
of its foft Incumbrance, appears frefh and green, 
like another Spring. While the Exhalations of the 
t«dded Grafs, floating in the Air, give a rural Per- 
2 fume 


fume to the Gale. — And which^ my Afpafio^ which 
are th^moft valuable Objedls ? The littU Labourers 
of the Hive, that enrich themfelves and regale their 
Matters ? Or the^^^r Flutter ers of the Garden^ whofe 
whole Life is nothing but Sport ; and their iiigheft 
Character is, to be infignificantly pretty ? 

Jfp. I underftand you, Thiron, and have the Sa- 
tisfadion to agree with You. — In this Retirement^ 
We hear none of the wanton and corrupting Airs 
of the Opera \ no, nor the majeftic and ennobling 
Melody of the Oratorio *. — But We have a Band of 
Mufic, ftationed in the Grove ; and a Concert of 
native Harmony, warbling from the Boughs* We 
are entertained with the Mufic, which charmed the 
hunian>Ear, long before f Jubal found out his InP:- 
ftruments ; and Thoufaiids of Years- before Harukl 
compofed his Notes. — The Bullfinch,, and a Multi- 
tude of little tuneful Throats, ftrike the Key. The 
Thrufli below, and the Sfcy-lark refponfive from 
above, diverjify and exalt the Stra;in4 The Black-r 
bird, fomewhat like the folemn Organ, with Notes 
pcrfedlly mellow, and gracefully fonorous, crowns 
the Choir. White the Turtle's melancholy Voice, 
and the mui-muring Water's plaintive Tone, ^epen 
2^i complete the univerfal. Symphony. 


• MajeJUc and emobling. — This, I think, is the true 
Charadcr, and exprei&s the real Tendency, of the Ora- 
m-io. Nevcrthelefs, it may not be improper to obfe^e ;' 
that if We carry a trifiing or irreligious Spirit to the En- 
tertainment ; if We attend to the muficaf Airs, but dif- 
regard thofe facred Truths, which enter into the Com- 
pofition; fuch aBehavionr will be little better than a 
Prrfanectionoi holy Things. I fear, it will be one Specie^ 
oi taking QOD's adorable and glorious Name in ^tan* 
f Gen« iy« zu 

t 1 A L O G^^E" VIL ^05 

- Tills Mufic conftitutcd the firft Sbrig'of Thankf- 
giving, and formed the firft vocal Praife, which 
the All-gracious CREATOR received, from his 
new-made World. This is neither the Parent o( 
£fFeminacy, nor a Pander for Vice; biit refines the 
Afffe<aions, even while it amufes the Imagination. " 
• Ther. Yes; all the Entertainments of Nature^ 
are calculated to fecure our Innocence, as well as 
to gratify our Fancy. And what is another very 
agreeable Circumftancc, thefe Gratifications whicli 
aflTord the fublimeft Pleafure^ are exhibited gratis^' 
While thofc, which enervate the Mind, and de- 
bauch the AfFefiions, muft be dearly purchafed.-^ 
Every one cannot gain Admtttance into the Boxes 
or the Pit, 'when fome celebrated Tragedy is brought* 
upon the Stage. But every one may behold the 
beauteous Exhibitions of Springs . and the finifliei 
?rodu6lions of Autumn. All may contemplate the 
Machinery of Nature,' and the Wonders of Crea-. 
tion. Thereby enjoying a far more exquifite Amufe- 
ment, without any of the Guilt, or any of thcr 

The Inhabitants of yonder Villages, have never 
beheld the fplendid Proceffion, which folemhizes the 
Coronation of a Monarch ; nor the gauidy fllumin'a^ 
thns^ which diftinguifh the Anniverfary of his Birth.' 
But they fee, almpft every Morning, a much nabler 
Spedtacle difplayed in the Eaft. . They {$q the great, 
Ruler of the Day, or rather the Envoy from Day's 
eternal SOVEREIGN*, making his Erilry amidff 
the Spaces of the Sky.— -The Heavens are ftrcwed 
with Colours, which outvie the Pinks and- Carna- 
tions. The Grafs is decked with £)ew-dr6ps, and" 
every Plant is ftrung, as it were, with Pearls. All 

Vol. I, X* around 


arcfund the Daurknefe retires^ and fweet re&eftiiig 
Gales arife.— At length the magnificent Lumiaarx 
appears, i/lnd what is all the oftentatious Pontpoi 
Kings I What is all the Glitter of the moft' brilliant 
Courts ? Compared with his tranfeeadent Luftre t 
—This Spe£lacle we may behold, without Lofs c^ 
Time, or Prejudice to Health. Nay, We cannot 
behold it,, without improving one,c and ndnming the^ 
ether. So beneficial are even, the Pleafures^ whichi 
Nature yields ! So ferviceable the very Diveiiions,. 
ta, which ihe invites ! 

. ylfp. Thus gracious is the Almighty MAKER, 
in- the Conftitution of tnatmal Things, The. Sub- 
ftantial and the Valuable,, are open to every One^ 
arc acceffible by all. Only the Tinfel and the Trap-, 
pings, are the Property of a Fewi the poor Preroga-' 
tive of Wealth. 

No lefs gracious is GOD, in the Difpofal of 
j^ViV»<7/ Favours. Thefe, though infinitely more 
excellent, yet are equally free. We are invited ta 
buy them J without Mmey^ and without Price ^^-^^ 
What do you give for the Benefits of the rifing Sun, 
or the Delights of this rural Melody ? The Cafe is 
much the fame, with regard to the Righteoufnefs^ 
by which We are juflified, and all the Bleffings of 

Ther. This brings toour Remembrance the Coun- 
tryman, whom we left on the Banks of the River^ 
And, for aught I can fee, Thercn and the Ruftic are 
pretty much upon a footing. The firft, as far from 
acceding to your Notions ; as the laft, is from;gaiii- 
ing his Point. 

•' Ifai, In I. 

D I A L O G ITE VIL 30; 

. Afp. Have you any 01)jc£tion, Thtron^ to thcfe 
Gifts df Nature ; becaufe, they art neither purchafcd 
by your Money, nor produced by your own Toil ? 

Tber. But who can ever expeft to obtain Pardon, 
aiid Peace, and eternal Salvation, at fo cheap a 
Rate ? It feems to be alf Delufion, Afpajio. 

jfjp. So cheap ! Then You would pay fomewhat, 
I perceive, by way of Price. — ^But give me leave 
to aflc ; What Price did you pay to G O D your 
MAKER, for fafliioning You in your Mother'^ 
Womb? What Price have you paid to GOD 
your PRESERVER, for upholding You ever 
fince Y6u was born ? Or what Price do You think 
of paying to GOD the fupreme PROPRIETOR,' 
for the Ground, on which You tread ; for the Air, 
in which You breathe 5 for the Light, by which You 
fee? Juft the y&;7if Price muft You advance to GOD 
your SAVIOUR, for all his juftifying Merits. 

Both tbefe 2nd.thofe proceed from the fame BE- 
NEFACTOR. They are all abfolutely neceffary^ 
either for the Welfare of the Body, or the Happinefs 
of the Soul. And they are all vouchfafed on the faipe 
Terms ; or rather, in the fame Way of Sovcreiga 
Bounty. For thus faith the Prophet j His Going- 
forthj in the Difpenfation of the Gofgel, is prepared 
as the Morning. CHRIST^ with all his precious 
Privileges, Jhallcothe unto Us as the Rain *. — ^As freely, 
as the Light ihines, or the Showers fall. However^ 
if You are^quainted with adifferent, or abetter Way^ 
be fo good as to communicate your iCnowledge. 

Ther. Some, You iHay obferve, exped Salvation, 

on account of their inoffenfpue Behaviour. They live 

peaceably. They do no Harm to their Neighbours. 

X 2 They 

• Hbf. vi. 3. 

3o8 D I A L OG U E Vlt 

They arc guilty of no grbfs Offence againft GOP* 
And why Ibould they not hope to obtain his Fsf^ 
vour ? — Tl>ey apprehend, the Prophet Samuel efta- 
bliflies their Hope, when He makes this folemn 
Appeal ; IVhofe Jfs have I taken ? Whofe Ox have I 
taien ? Or whom have I defrauded * ? — Nay, they 
imagine, that our LORD himfelf has authorized 
their Expectation, by giving this Charadter of Na^ 
thanlel'y An Ifraelite indeed^ in whom is no Guile f* 
—A Freedom from outward Injuftice and inward 
Hypocrify, is all the Qualification applauded in 
th? one Cafe, avowed in the other, 

Jfp, This negative Goodnefs (if it deferves to be 
called Goodnefs) was aPleji for the empty Pharifee^ 
But None, I prefume, would choofe to be affociated 
yrith fuch 2l Companion^ either in Charafter Here, 
or in Condition Hereafter. i\ 

Samuely in the Place You mention, is vindicating, 
Himfelf, only to his Fellow-creatures^ and only in the 
Capacity of a Magijirate, He fpeaks not of his Jufti- 
iication before the JUDGE of Quick and Dead. 
This, He well kncw> muft be derived from another 
Source, and muft reft upon a firmer Bottom. . 

The Ifraelite ivithout Guile y was a Perfo6, who not 
only abftained from every Sin, but performed every 
Duty ; and without any wilful NegleSi of the One, 
or any allowed Indulgence of the Other. This In- 
rtance, therefore, will by no means prove the Suf- 
ficiency of your negative Righteoufnefs. Which 
feems to have juft the fame Degree of Excellency^ 
as a Fountain that never ifllies in \Vater, or as a 
Cloud that never defccnds in Rain J. 

I • I Sam. xn, 3.' f John i. 47.- 

. i ' Fel Lyra qua rgiicetf vel qui no^ tehditur Arcuu 

. "^ CfcAUDIAN. 


^er. In this Particular^ Afpcfio^ your Sentiment? 

arc mine. — But I ivould add Morality to Civility; the 

virtuous to the inofFenfiv^Converfation. AndifW^ 

not pnly ceafe to do Evil, but learn to do well : if 

j «wc ufe Temperance, exercife Charity, and keep all 

\ the Commandments to the heft of our Power j is not 

this a AifHcient Foundation for our Hope ? 

' Afp> Yes, Theron'y ?f, as you add Morality to your 

; Civility, you add Perfe€ikn to Iwth. Otherwife you 

r 4nuft be ranked, not among the Claimants, bat 

among the Delinquents. You have no Title to a 

Reward, but ftand in need of Pardon. 

It is a Principle of J uftice, founded on the unal ten- 
able Conftitution of Things, That the Debtor be 
acquitted, when He has paid the Debt. But fuppo- 
=fing Him, inftcad of Gold to bring Iron ; inftead ojf 
Talents to return Pence; inftead of defraying, to 
increafe the Score daily ; can He then reafonably 
xxpeA, or legally claim a Diicharge ? 

With refpeft to fuch an Obedience, We may pafe 
our Verdift in the figurative, but very expreffivc 
-Language of Ifaiah : The Bed is Jhorier^ than that a 
Man canftretch Himfelf on it ; and the Covering nar-' 
rower y than that He can wrap Him/elfin it ♦. It can 
neither give Reft to the alarmed Confcience, nor 
afford Prot€<ftion to the guilty Soul. If We have, 
nothing better to plead, We ftafi fipt be able to lift 
up our Heads, in the laft decifivc Judgment ; but 
muft enter into the Rocky and hide Ourfelvss in the 
.Dufty for Fear of the L OR I), and for the Glory of 
Jbis Majefty f. 

Ther. We wilj gp a Step farther, and take in the 

Exercife of i)^i;(7//0;}. We will read GOD'^ Word;. 

X 3 pray 

• Ifai. xxviii. 40. *t I^ai. ii. 10. 

gio D I A L O G U E VH. 

pray to his Divine MAJESTY; and rcgahu-Iy 
attend on h|s public Worfliip. — Here now, a»e ib- 
cial Accomplifliments and moral Virtues, completed 
by the Performance of religious Duties. 

AJ^. Cempletei!—l fear, that Expreffion will 
fcarccly abide the Teft ofa finglc Query. Have You 
then performed all your Duties, with that ardent 
Love of G OD, and undivided View to his (Slory I 
With that adoring Gratitude to the blelTed JESUS^ 
and that child-Hkc Dependence on his SPIRIT ? 
Which the Nature, of Things requires, and the 
Scriptures of Truth enjoin ? — ^If not ; your Duties, 
be they moral, or religious, or both, are far from 
being complete. Nay ; they are utterly defedive ; 
and, for that Reafon> abfolutely infufficient for your 
Juftification* They are clipped or fophifticated Coin. 
And will that be current in the World of Glory ? 
• Ther. Allowing them to be defeftive, riiey are at 
leaft fincere. And though not free from all Alloy, 
yet if they bckr the Image and Superfcription of In- 
tegrity, why ihould they be reje&ed, as " reprobate 
« Silver * ?" Why (hould they not obtain the Cur- 
rency, You mention ? 

Afp. " Alas !" — fays a judicious and admired - 
Writer — " The Imperfections of our beft Services 
*< daily forfeit the Bleffings of Time. How impof- 
" fible then ij it, that the Sincerity of them, amidft 
" fo many Frailties and Defefts, (hould purcbafe 
« the Glories of Eternity /" 

Ther. Be your Writer ever fo judicious, I can con- 
front Him with Others, equally capable of judging, 
and diametrically oppbfite in Opinion. — What fays 
that wife and brave Man, the Succeffor of Mofes^ and 

• Jcr. vi. 30. 


DI ALO G U B Vfl. .311 

Geaeiraliffinio of the Annies of Ifra^f Jojhua^ I am 
I fuitydeclaiesHinifelfoninySide. Fear the LORD ^ 

-midftrw Him in Sinctrity *, is his laft folemn Charge 
to the Peopk.-^Even the great Apoftle, on a Review 
of his Mifliftryy makes it Matter of Self-gratulation^ 
i That He buid his Converfation in godly Sincerity f « 

! ^Jp. You have quoted the Charge, delivered by 

die Senrant, be pleafed to recoiled the Proteftation, 
' made by the Mafter : Not for thy Rigbteoufnefs^ fays 

I Mofis^ wrfor the Uprightnefs of thy Hearty doji Thou go 

U ppffefs their Land %• Even an earthly Canaan was 
1^ ,jiot given to the Ifmelitesy as the Reward of their 

own, either outward Obedience, or inward Sincerity. 
Much leis can We e?^pe£l the Kingdojn of Immor- 
tality, on Account of any Uprightnefs of our In- 
tentions, or Piety of our Aftions, 

However, as the Dodrine of JSincerity is the fa- 
vourite and the fafliionable Tenet, I will conform 
a little to the Tafte in Vogue. You fhall have no 
Reafon to complain, Tnat I am either a Cynic or a 
&t<ic y . — ^Let it fufficp Us to be fincere. Only let Us 
refer Ourfelves to the Apoftle, for a Defcription of 
this darling Qualification. That Ye may he Jincere^ 
. being filled with the Fruiis of Righteoufnefsj which are 
hy JESUS CHRIS Ty unto the Praife and Glory 

Here are three Properties of acceptable Sincerity. 

- —It muft bear Fruits, the Fruits of Right eoufnef si 

and bear them abundantly, fo that We may he filled 

with them. — The Branch and the Fruits muft derive, 

X 4 that 

• Jofc. jrxiv-, 14. t 2 Corfi. 12. J Dcut. 

i«c. 5. 

]| The CywV had no Cotoplaifanoe, the S/wV was quite 

§ Phil. L lo, ii. 


that its Vigour, ihefi their Flavour, and both of ^fti 
their very Being, from the all-fupporting, all-fupplyr- 
ing Root CHRIST J^ SUS.r-^Th^n, inftead <)f 
terminating In Sejf-juftification, they muft redound 
to the Honour ojf GOD. It is not faid, Th?fe 
fhall ju/fi/y You, but thefe ihall glorify your FA- 
THER which is in Heaven, 
, This Kind of Sincerity, can. never be tcy) highly 
efteemcd, nor too ^ealpufly encouraged, Biit thi^. 

• You will obferve, flows froip the Grace of CHRIST^ 
and iffues in the Glory of G O D, Therefore doeis 
but very poorly atteft, either the SuiRciency of human 

.jlbility^ to perform good Works j or the. Sufficiency 
-of human fVor^^^ to win the Prize of our High 

• jT^^r. Do you then exclude all Works? Will You 
make a mere Nothing, both of ^«r moral Endow- 
ments, and of your evangelical Obedience? 

J/p. .They are excluded, both the one and the 
ether, from all Share in juftifying Us. Yet not by 
me, but by an Authority, to which there can be no 
Obj eftion , from wh ich there lies no« App^sal . Speak- 

' ing of Salvation, thus faith the Wifdom of GOD ; 
Not of Works'^ 

Ther. Works of the ceremonial Law>: t fuppofe. 

•Thefe, we all acknowledge, are, under the Chriftian 
Difpenfation, as a Bond canceled, or as an A£t re^ 
pealed. But fure You will affign a better Office, 
fure You will allow a nobler Charafler, to that 
Courfe of Obedience, which proceeds upon the 

.Obligations pf IVI^rality;^ nay lyior^, js regulated 
by the Commands of CHRIST. 

3 •' . .; -: ^- 

D. I A LO G U E VIL 313 

' • Afl>. St. Paid will allow it no fuch Office, as that 

. for which my Theron is pleading. Te arefaved^ fay« 
the Apoftle. Ye are delivered from Wrath, recon- 
ciled to OOD, and made Heirs of his Kingdom.— 
How ? By Grace^ through Faith *. Grace^ like a, 
magnificent Sovereign, from the Riches of his own 
Bounty, and without any Refpe<ft to human Wor- 
thinefs, confers the glorious Gift. Faiih^ like an 
indigent Petitioner, with an empty Hand, and 
without any Pretence to perfonal Defert, receives 

•the heavenly Bleffing. 

Both Grace and Faith ftand in dircft Oppofition 
to Works ; all Works whatever. Whether they be 

•Works of the Law, or Works of the Gofpel j Exer- 
cifes of the Heart,, or A£lions of the Life ; done in a 
State of Nature, or done under the Influences of the 

-gPIRIT ; they arc all, and every of them, equally 
fet afide in thii great Affair. 

Ther. Whence does it appear, that the Bill of 

-Exclufion is thus extenfive, or rather quite ««- 

' limited? 

Afp. From the Reafon affigncd, ajnd from the 
Caution fuggcfted. 

From the Reafon affigncd — For We are bis Tf^ori^ 
manjhip. We Believers. Of fuch Perfons, and of 
their Obedience, the Apoftle is fpeaking. — Created 
in CHRIST JESUS unto good fForks. We are 
regenerated, and fpiritually enlivened, not bccaufe 
We have performed them, but that We may perform 
them.^ — ^Not with any View of being juftified by 
them, but' only thai.0^e may walk in them ; till We 
receive the End of pur Faith, even the Salvation of 
-our Souls. ^ 


. • Ephi. ij. t. 

314 DI A LO G U E Vli 

Eiom the Caution (uggjAed-^Lefl uny Manjhuld 
hnafi. Thst all Pretence of Glorying may be cut 
4)ff from Man. Cut off from Gmtiky from Jew^ 
/rom Chriftian ; without any Exception, or any Dif- 
ference* Which could not b^ effefted, if either 
moral Virtues, or Mofaic Cenemontea, or evangeli- 
cal Duties, were admitted tt> bear a Part in juftify- 
ing Sinners.<^Lig/f any Man Jhould boajl : that the 
whole Honour of obtaining Salvation, may be ap- 
propriated to HIM, who hid not his Face from 
Shame and Spitting. And is He not worthy, ihfc- 
nitely worthy, to receive this unrivaled Honour, as 
a Recompence for his unparalleled Humiliation ? 

Ther. All our good Works, We allow, are re* 
commended by CHRIST. They prevail for our 
Jufttfication, only through his Merits. So that We 
ftiU depend upon the REDEEMER. And, by 
this m^ans, pay Him ^he higheft Honour. 

J/p. Depend upon the REDEEMER! No, 
jsny dear Friend. You aft like the Perfons^ de- 
fcribed by Ifaiab ; fF^f will eat cur 9um Breadj and 
wear our 9wn Apparely wly let Us be calUd by thy 
Name *. Whereas, Faith addreffes itfclf to 
CHRISTy in the very Reverfe of this JUanguage ; 
Thou hafi Cloathingy be Thou our Ruler % , and let this 
Ruin be under thy Hand \* *T\s thine, 'tis thine, 
alone, to. retrieve our defperate Affairs, and con*- 
ftitute Us righteous before G O D« ' 

In Te tota DcTnus Sp£s inclinata recumbit* 

Depend upon the R E D E E M E R ! No, You 

rely upon your own pious Adls, and moral Quali^ 
tications. They, ihey arc your grand Reconunen- 


• Ifai. iv. I. . f Ifai. lit 6, 


Nation. While die Office, configned over to the 
Divine JESUSy is nothing mor6 than to be (as 
it were) Majitr of the Csremonits^ He has the Cre- 
dit of introducing your fine Accomplifhrnents^ with 
a kind of graceful Air.^^But is this an Office fuited 

' to his incomparable D.ignity ? Was it for thUy that 
He bowed the Heavens, and partook of our Na- 
ture? Was it for thisy that He became fubjed to 
the Law, and c3>edient unto Death i Only for tbis^ 
that He might ufher in our own Endowments, with ' 
a Plume and a Scarf? — Surely, Tbenn^ You can 
never entertain fuch low Thoughts of the incarnate 
GOD, and his mediatorial Undertaking. 

Thir. Neither can I entertain fuch lew and w7/- 

fyitig Thoughts of our own virtuous Attainments. 
They diftinguifh Perfons of Eminence and Worth, 
from the, fordid Wretch and execrable Villain ; juft 
as the noble Faculty of Reafon, diftinguiflies the 
Man from the Brute. 

J^. To deny good Works rfie Merit of juftifying 
Us, is very different from vilifying them. — ^You are 
going to build a new Houfe, Theron, Pray, do You 
intend to hew your Timber, from the flimfy Ten- 
drils of the Vine ? 

Ther. No, certainly ♦. 

J/p. Becaufe You don't think thofe feeble Shoots 
proper, to form the Beams, and fupport the Roof, 
of your intended Edifice ; do You, therefore, flight 
them, depreciate them, or difallow their Ufefulnefs? 

. — ^By no means. — They may beautify your Walls, 

, with 

• Nof certatnly.-^FcrhaLpSf it may be worth our while 
to obferve ; That this is the Meaning of a very ei/chie 
Exprcffion, which. occurs in our Tranflation of («t eii*) 
Luie xvii. 9. / trow mt» 


with their ornamental Spread ; and enrich yxxai'D^ 
fert, with their delicious i^ruit. This is An Office, 
fuitable t6 the Nature of the Plant: and from this 
it receives fufficient Eftim^tion, without pretending 
to the Honours of the Oak. 

Virtuous Attainments, I own, are a coniiderahle 

Diftinftion, in the prefcnt State of Things, And, 

what is a higher Encomium (I fhall now out-fhoot 

You,, in your own Bow) they will diftipguiih tbe 

true Believer frdm the hypocritical Profeflbr, even at 

the great Tribunal. — ^But let them be content with 

their Province, and not intrude upon the S AV I- 

O U R's Prerogative. To effe^ Juftification, be his : 

.to difcriminate the Juftiiied, /AWrj.— Neither let them 

.elate their PolTeffors, with a vain Conceit of them.- 

.felves. Who, though th^y were meek as Mofesy 

holy as Samuel^ and wife as Diiniel^ muft confide in 

.•nothing, but the houndlefs Mercies of the LORD ; 

mufl plead nothing, but the infinite Merits of his 


This is the Theology,, both of the Pfalmift^ and 
jcf St. Pauh . They derive the Bleffednefs promifed 
.in Scripture, not from the fhajlow Stream of human 
Accomplifliments, but from the incxhauftible Ocean 
of divine Grace. Blejfed is He^ who worketh Righ-, 
eteoufnefs, and abftaineth from Sin^ that He may be 
juftified? No fuch Thing is affirmed. But—^bleffed 
is He whofe VnrighUoufneJfes are forgiven^ and whofi 
Sins are covered *• 

, Ther. Will AJpafiQ then, like many of our modern 
Difputants, mutilate the holy Word ? Induftrioufly 
difplay, whisit feems to ftrengthen his Argument ; but 
artfully fecrcte, what tends to overthrow his Scheme? 


• Pfal. xxxii. I. Rom. iv. 7. ' 


HowrouWTou fofg^t, or why fliould You fuppreft, 
the foHowing Glaufe ? Ani in whft Spirit there is m 
Guilc-^Wzs You afraid, it would demolifh your 
Opinion ; and pomt^ut an upright ^ Atw^^ Mind, aa 
the Caufc of this Bleflidnefs ? 

jffp. Far was I, my dear Theron^ from, any fuch 
groundlcfs ApprfehefifionS ; and equally far from all 
fuch delufory Defigns. Shail I tali dtceitfuUy fir 
G 01> * f His facred Gaufe can' never need it ; and 
liis exalted Majefty infinitely difdain^ it. No: I 
would condemn my Tongue to eternal Silence, ra- 
ther than fpeak a Syllable, either to conceal, or dif- 
guife the Truth. 

Moft readily We will admit the Sentence Yoii 
mention : In wbofe Spirit there is no Guile* It is evi- 
dent from the Context, That thefe Words are not 
defcriptive of an unblameabk Perfon,in whofe Heart 
and Converfation there is no Iniquity ; but of a pe* 
nitent Sinner, whofc Mouth freely confejfes the Ini* 
quity of them both. Confefles, without any Re- 
fervc, or the leaft Attempt to palliate. — Which, 
inftead of invalidating, corroborates my Argument. 
Since, according to your own Allegation, the higheft 
Merit confifts, in a free Acknowledgment of Sin, or 
a total Renunciation of all Worthinefs. 

Tber. When We add Confeflion, and join Repen* 
tancej to all our other Works. When We liment 
our Deficiencies, and implore Forgivenefs. Surely, . 
this muft be available with a merciful GOD, and . 
cannot but entitle Us to the Happinefs of Heaven. . 

Jfp. How ftrange does it found, at leaft in my. 
Ears, for poor, miferable, guilty Creatures, to talk 
of entitling themfelvcs to the Happinefs of Heaven, 


♦ Job xiii. 7. 


by any Deeds of their )own ! When it is owiiig 
IvhoDy to GOD's nch forbearing Mercy^ that they 
have not, long ago, been tranfmittcd to Helf: 
owing wholly to G D's free prevtnting Graced 
that they are, at any Tin?e, enabled to think a good 

But not to enlarge upon this Confidcration. — I 
would alk, Whether thofe penitential Exercifes were 
attended with a hearty Deteftation of Sin, and an 
utter Abhorrence of the Sinner? — ^If they vjers\ 
You would then renounce Yourfelf univerfally. 
You would never think of placing the leaft Depen- 
dence on any Thing of your own ; nay. You wouW 
even lothe Tour f elf in your own Sight *.— If they were 
not; then your very Repentance falls (hort, and is 
to be repented of. It is as if One came to the Prefs^' 
fat^ to draw out fifty Veffeh^ and there were but 
twenty f. It is, if I may continue the Prophet's 
Metaphor, the fcant Meafure ; which^ in this your 
fpiritual Traffic, as well as in the AfFairs of fecular 
Commerce, is abominable %, 

Or, fliould your Repentance be without a Failure, 
and without a Flaw ; I muflr ftill foy to my Friend, 
as our LORD replied to the young Ruler; One 
Thing thou lackejl. In all thefe Afts of Humiliation, 
You have only taken Shame to Yourfelf. Whereas, 
a Righteoufnefs is wanting, which may magnify the 
Law, and make it honourable. — Should GOD, 
without infifting upon this, pardon and reward. He 
would not aft according to his glorious Charafter ; 
nor be, at once, ajujl GOb, and a SAVIOUR ||. 
f— And if You can find this Righteoufnefs, either in 


• Ezck. xxxvi, 31. t Hag» ii. 16. J Mic. vi. 10. 
II Ifai. xlv. 21. 

VI A Lac u E m 319 

Ae D^ptkf or in the H^i abffvt ; in any Perfo«i or. 
any Obje^^, lave only in the Obedience and Deatb 
0f ottr LORD JESUS CHRIST^ I retraa 
vJiatever I have advaiK&d. 

Tlmr. A Preacher, and an Author, haw lately zU 
ftired Us ; That Weare to be •* accepted of GOB^ 
(< andfavedli^ourownObedienDB." — ^Another has 
told Us i << That aCbriffiaA. may feeure to Himfelt 
*< evedaftingHapiMaei&by .his own Obedience."'^: 
If thefe Things are firue, I need not fcnsple to repeat 
my Afiertion, and. adhere to my Opinion ; That 
our own Duties, efpecially when accompanied with 
Repentance, are^r/o/ ^axsi proper Fouadadon for 

AJ^ If thefe Things are true, the Apoftk Paul 
was utxder a gfreat Mifbice ; when, treating of 
CHRIS T and hia Merits, He ventured to a&rt ; 
Othor Foundation can na Man hxjy fave that tuhicb is 
htid, ovm JB S US CHRIST*. And the Apof- 
tle Petor (to fpeak in the fofteft Terms) forgot what 
He was about, when He fo confidently averred ; 
ThfTf is no other Name under Heaven^ given among 
Meny whereby We tmft be faved^-^BMt the real 
Truth is, Aich Preachers and fuch Authors darken, 
if not extinguifli, the Gn|ce of CHRIST. An* 
we are as much obliged to them, for their Service ; 
as if they had attempted to fow up tho Feil^ that 
was rent in twain ; and to ihut the Hcfy of Holies^ 
which was opened by our REDEEMER'S Death. 

Ther. If You will not credit either of our modern 
Preachers, I can produce a Decifion, made by one 
of the mod antient and authoritative Synods ; Then 
hath GOD ^Ifr to the Gentiles granted Repentance unto 

• I Cor. ill. xu 

320 DIALOGUE yit 

lAfi *. — ^Repentance unto Life, is their uaaAimouS> 
Voice, and my unexceptionable Voucher. 

Aff. I can cafily gucfs the Affembljr, to which 
You refer. But I can hardly grant it the venerable 
Name of a Synod. It codiifted of ibme Judamng 
Converts, They that were of the Citcumcifion. Whoi 
adhered, with a tenacious' and bigotted Ze^, ta 
the Mofaic^xxx^. — However, though I might fcruplc 
my TherofCs Appellation^ I readily acquiefce in their 
Determination. .^^ . 

. It is not faid, Thofe Gentiks were plnitenl:, an<( 
therefore GOD granted them Life. This fliould 
Itave been the Language of the.AfFemhly, in .order 
to eftatlifli my Friend's Way of Thinking. — On. 
the contrary, they were dead in Sin. G.O D, of 
his free Goodnefs, granted them .Repentances 
Which is both the Beginnings and a Cubft^tiaL 
Part of true Life : even of that Life, which is» 
fouled on Juftiiication, is carried on by Saaditiii« 
cation, and completed in Glory. 

I would farther obferve;. That Repentance is a 
Turning of the Heart. And, when it is Repent^cer 
unto Life, it is a Turning .of the Heart from ew^ty 
otherObjeft, to the greskt and folcFountain of Good,' 
CHRIST JESUS t.— Were Men Slaves to Sen- 
fuality ? When they repent, they are turned to^ 
CHRISTi for refined Defires and heavenly Af- 
fcSions. Were they wont to confide in themfelves,- 
and their own Works ? As foQn as they truly re-^ 
pent, they turn to CHRIST for a better Righ- 
teoufnefs -, and, thereby, for everlafting Acceptanc<i 
with GOD. — In fhort ; they turn from every falfe 
Confidence, as well as from every evil Way. Afhyt, 
. . . . ' JhaU 

•Aasxi. iS, . fAftsxix. 4. 

D t A L O G U E VH. : jn 

'Jhall n^rfavi ms^ is their fixed Refolution; They 
look, not to their own Tears or Huniiliation ; not 
to their own Duties or Graces ; but they look for thi . 
M^cy of our LORD JESUS CHRIST^ unta 
eternal Life *• ' ' 

Ther. Suppofe, it fliould be wrong, to expcft fucH 
a v.aft Reward, as the ihconceivable Glories of Hea- 
ven, <m Account of our own Duties : Yet, to fet 
them wholly afide $ to allow them no Influence at all ; 
not fo much as tHe leajl Co-operation, in turning the 
Scale y tHis is an Excefs on the other Hand. If th« 
former is Prefumption^ 'he latter is Fanaticifm* 

Afp. When Lord B ■ n was fhewn a famous 
Quadrangle in Oxford^ viewii^ one Side, He cried 
out with Rapture j " Surely, I am in Italy. All 
*' is fo graceful and delicate !" Viewing the other 
Side, He acknowledged with Regret ; " I am cer- 
** tainly in England, All is fo coarfe and heavy !*' 
— rWhen Ifee the New Teftament in every one's 
Hand, and read the Articles of our public Faith, I 
am ready to fanfy myfelf in one of the pure reformed 
Churches. But when I hear the Difcourf? of fc- .. 
rious People, and examine their Sentiments, I am 
forced to confefs my ^iftake. 1 cannot but ima- ■ 
gine, that I am among the backiliding Churches of 

Ther. Why among the Churches of Galatia? 

Afp. Becaufe they, like the Generality of modern 
Chriftians, confidered the Work and Righteouffj^efs 
of CHRIST^ as too weak or fcanty a Botfoyi, 
whereon to (land before GOD. They fufpe<afed 
it> as a Man would fufpeft the Propofal, to venture 
Himfelf on the Waves of the Ocean, in a Bafket of 

Vol. I. Y Rufliw, 

• Jude 21, 

324 D I A L ^ (^ U E VIL 

Ru{he». They couM not bear to Aitik^ thit all 
th«ir Duties, Services, and Performances of thtt 
Law, (hould be utterly ftt at nought. Should have 
no Influence at all^ in turning the Stale— ^But does 
the Apoftle approve their Saying f No ; He dedaresV 
thh their TVaj was their Folly. 

You arc pleafed to mcntibh Fanatiei/m, A Word, 
which I do not thoroughly uhderftandi Neither is 
it of much Significancy, to eilter upon the Difqui- 
fition of an obnoxious Term. I would only main- 
tain ; That, on Us unworthy Smncrs, whatever is 
bcftowcd by the righteous GOD; is beftowed^ 
not as a Debt ♦ to our Works, but as the Demation 
of pure Grace. And if this be Fanaticifm, I plead 
guilty to the Charge. I glory in my Shame^ 

Ther. I think, it is fufficiently df Grace j if We 
acknowledge good Works, to be wrought by the 
Affiftance of the Divine SPIRIT; aiid then ad- ^ 
mittcd, together with our SAVIOUR'sf Merits,^ 
as a Recommendation to the divine Favour. 

Jfp. The Pharifee could make his Acknowledge- 
ments, for the divine Affiftance. GOD^ I thank 
Thee^ was his Language. Yet, this did not €3€ertipt 
Him from the Charge of Pride^ nor fccuf e Him from 
the Sin of j8a^/«f .— Bcfidcs ; if good Works are 
wrought by the Operation of the Divine SPfRIT, 
they draw a Bill upon our Gratitude, not upon th* 
Bank of Heaven. They render Us the obliged^ not 
the deferving Party. To think or teach othcrwifc, is 


^ * Befiowedz&zDebt, is, Imuilallow, fomewhatUke 
Jargon. Bat, perhaps. Jargon r d Incmfiflency^ may not , 
be without their Propriety in this Place. As they tend to 
il^ew the Genius of thai DoQrine which would conneft; 
fuch contradi&ory Ideas. 

D I A L O G U E VIL 523 

errant Pop&j *, howcvjcr it may lurk, under a Vdl 
€i PnUjiantifm* 

' You brtag to my Mind a memarablGSGory.-^Two 
Perfans were traveling together, iii the Defaru of 
A^aUin The one utteirly unarmed s the Other wore 
a Swordy and carried a Mu&st. As the Place was 
exceedingly dangecotis, the latter, folicitous for 
id^e Safety of bis Companion, makes Him a Prcfent 
of his Fire-arms.^— Which was no fooner done, than 
aLionefpies them, and. advances fiercely towards 
diem. The f#remoft diicharges his Piece, and 
wounds thek horrid Aggreflbr. The Wound, nei- 
ther kiUiHg, nor difiibling, only enrages the Mon* 
fter. He feizes the unfortunate Markfman, and is 
upon the Jfciat to tear Him Limb from Limb. His 
Fellow-traveler flies to his Succours fnatches up 
the Carbine, which dropt from the other's Hand ; 
and fells the ravenous Beaft to the Ground. Then, 
drawing hi$ Swordy ftabs him to th€ Heart, and 
refcues his Friend. 

The Lion thu» flain^ they take off the Skin. 
Whkh, He who flew the lordly Savage, claims as 
his own. ** No> fays his grateful Friend, as You 
♦* did Part of the Execution with my Weapon, I 
^< infifi: upon Half of the fliaggy Spoil. I expsjQ: 
*• Satisfa^ion likewife for the Lofs of my Piece, 
** which You broke in the Encounter." — To ob* 
Y a tain 

• GocJ fTorhi fays a Champion for the Church of 
Rcjoiy an Mercatura Regni cceleftis, thi Price fFe^ajr or 
the CommD4iity We barter ^ for fhe Kingdom of Heaven,-^ 
Another Zealot of the fame Communion declares ; Cgb^ 
lam gratis non accipiam, // JhaU ne^er be faid^ thai I re- 
eii*ue Eternal hifi^ purely as a Matter of Jims, — So fpeaks 
Be! But, ble&d be GOD, ITe have not fo learned 


tiain both. He commiences a Law-^fuit agaiilft thab 
generous AlTociate, who not only gave- Him. tho* 
Weapon, but faved the Profecutor from the very 
Jaws of Deftru£kion. 

. Thir. Truly, if I had been Judge^ I ihotild, wkh«: 
out any Hefitation, have determined fuch a. Cattfe« 
Inftead of Cofts and Damages for my PkintifF, I 
fliouid have tranfmitted the diiingenuous^ fliamelefsr 
Wretch to the Pillory. 

. Jfp. I believe, all the World would applaud ytAiF 
Sentence. — Only be pleafcd to rcmamber, that the 
Procedure, on which You fojuftly animadvert, is the 
very PiSlure of our exceffive Unreafonablenefs.; If 
We prefume to write ourfelves Creditors, and the 
Divine BEING Debtor ; becaufe. He has deli- 
vered Us from the Bondage of Corruption, and 
enabled tis to perfonn the Duties of Gedlinefs ♦. 

Tkeron paufed j as fomewhat ftruck by the Repre-. 
fentation. After a fliort Interval, Afpajio refumed 
the Difcourfe. ; 

Believe me, my dear Friend, Salvation, both in 
the Root and all its Branches, is entirely of Grace/ 
Or elfe believe me, for the many cogent Teftimonies 
of Scripture j which moft circumftantially afcertain 
this fundamental Truth. 

. ,Ther, Pray, let me afk. What is the exaft Mean- 
ing of Grace ? > 

Jfp. The firft and principal Meaning, that which 
I have all along had my Eye upon, in our prefent 
Conference, is, The Favour and Kindnefs of G OD ^ 
infinitely rich, and infinitely free ; entirely detached 
from all Suppofitioa of human Worth, and abfo- 


^oiZna^. Chryfoft. ^ 

1) I A L O G D E ^Vir. '3^5 

-lutely independent on any fuch Things as huma;n 
r Goodnefs,— This is the great Origin and Bafis of 
our Salvation. Not like a Fringe of Gold, border- 
' ing the Garment ; not like an Embroidery of Gold, 
' decorating the Robe; but like the Mercy-Seat of 
' the ancient Tabernacle, which was Gold— -pure 
^ Gold-'-all Gold throughout, 

• • EkSfion is of Grace : Having predeftinated Us unto 
the Adoption of Children^ not on Account of human 

► Woithincfs, hnt according to the good Pleafurt of his 

I - Will *.-^Equally gratuitous is our effedual Voca- 

- tion : GOD hath called Us with an holy Callings not 

: according to our Worh^ hut according to his Purpafe and 

'• Grace f- — Faith^\ with all its precious Fruits, ia 

j i owing to the fame Caufe : He helped them much^ 

\ who believed through Grace J.-«rFrom hence fpnngs 

i ► Jufiification, together with all its attendant Privi- 

I ' leges : Being juftified freely by his Grace i|,— This is 

I - the Origin of Regeneration^ and every living^Prin- 

' ciple of Godlinefs : Of his own Will begat He Us by 

'the Word of Truth §. — The Confummation of Blifs 

< Y 3 flows 

, • Eph. 1. 5. f 2 Tim. i. 9. % Aas xviii. 27. ' 
' II Rom. iii. 24. Awpiai^ tm avln ^»p^t. One of thefe Words 
might have ferved, to convey the Apoftle's Meaning. 
But, He doubles his A/Tertion ; in order to give Us the 
fulled Convidion of the Truth, and to imprefs Us with a 
Sen{£ of its peculiar Imforiance: Freely, by his Grace. 
—Is it poffible to find out a Form of Speech, that fhouJd 
more abfolutely exclude all Confideration of our own 
Works and Obedience ? Or tha,t fliould more emphatically 
afcribe the Whole of our Juftification to free, uninflAi- 
enced, fovereign Goodnefs ?-— To find an ExpreiHon, 

• more forcible for the Purpofe, will puzzle Invention itlelf. 
But this Expreflion We find ufed, again and ^gain, .by, the 

•'facrec Writer, H ^^^tx i* x'^f^^y Vioifa. v. 15. tW ?c^V 
«Jt«? Jwfiflsj, Rom. V. 17. 

§ Jam. i. 18, • 


flows from the fame all-fupplying Source : The Gift 
9f GOD is itirnal Life * ; It is, in every Refpcd, 
a Gift ; not only without, but contrary to, all De- 
fert of ours. — So that* the Foundation is laid in the 
Riches of Grace : the Superftrufture is reared by 
the Hand of Grace: and when the Top-ftone is 
brought forth, when our Felicity is completed in 
the Kingdom of Heaven, the everlaft^g Acclama- 
tion will be, Gracey Grace unto it \ 1 

Tbi&is that gloriousiGofpel, which human Learn- 
ing could never have difcovered ; which carnal Re^ 
fon cannot underftand ; which the Envy of the De- 
vil, and the Pride of Man, will always oppofc. But 
which, to the poor convinced Sinner, is the very 
Pcrfcflkion of Wifdom. Eftcemed, as the Joy of his 
Heart ; embraced, as the Rock of his Hopes. 

Ther^ '\^hat fay You to the Opinion, which Oufix-' 
nius fo ftrenuoufly maintains ? That We are juftlfied 
not by the Merits of CHRIST imputed to tfs, but 
by CHRIST him{e\{ formed in our Hearts. And 
Ouranius is none of your proud or carnal People. 
His Writings arc remarkable for their ftrift Piety, 
and his Life is as exemplary as his Principles. 

jljp. You Jcnow, Theron^ I have nothing to do 
with the Pcrfons of Men, but with the Truths of 
the Gofpel. Ouraniusy though eminently devout, 
may be miftaken. And, if this is his Way of 
Thinking, He quite mifapprehends the Doflarine 
of Grace. 

What is written in the Oracles of Scripture ? The 
LORD jujifetb the Ungodly $. What is implied 


• Rem. VI. 23. X«pw^«. Which is a more expreffvc 
"Wdrd than ^'t^fjMy and conveys the Idea offreefi Favour^ 
t Zech. iv. 7. J Rom. iv. 5. 


in the Maxim of Oaraniusf HE juftificth theHoly, 
the Heavenly, the Chrift-Hke. — A Man is juJUj^d 
iy Faith *, fays the Secretary of Heayen. He i$ 
juftifierf by Works, fays the Pen oiOuranius: only 
let them be tVoilcs of a fuperior Order ; fuch as are 
internal, fpiritual, and wrou|;ht by the Operational 
of CHRIST on the ScmL— According to this No- 
tion, every One is juftified by his own Love, his 
own Purity, hb own i^eal. Whereas, an unerrii^ 
Writer has moft folemftly declared. That iy o^- 
Man*s Obedience Manyy many Myriads of Sinner^, 
even all the redeemed World, Jball be maeU righ- 
Uous t. 

This Notion, 1 think, is Legalifm in its greateft 
Subtilty, or higheft Refinement. It difannuh the 
Merit of CHRIST', it vacates all Imputation ; and 
makes our Salvation to confift whlfy in the Work pf 
San6iifiGation4 Againft which, if Yon remember, I 
entered my Proteft, in one of our % fif ft Conferences* 
And now having ventured to animadvert on the Te- 
nets of Others, it may reafonably be expeded, that 
I fliould give an Account of my own Faith.-^** X 
^< am pardoned; I am ac;cepted before GOD; or 
«* in other Words, I am juftified; not becaufe 
*^ CHRIST has put his Laws into my Mind, but 
*' filed his Blood for my .Sins : not becaufe I ftyfei/ 
** am enabled to walk in all godly Converfation, but 
« becaufe the LORD JESUS has fulfilled alt 
** Righteoufnefs as my Surety** 

Tber. I am for neither of the Extremes, The 

middle Way is moft eligible. This is what found 

Y 4 Scnfe 

• Rom. V. I. I Rom, v. 19. J Sa 

Dialogue II, fag. 63» 

3^8 Da A L O G U E ML 

Senfe 'approv««, , |uid the focrcd JSyjftem autbortaei •.- 
fVhofo beHeveth ^vme^ iiys our . L-Q R D int^oiie 
Place, fifdin&tpeHJk, hut'Jhdlhaf^eiverlcfftinglJf^^.f 
BliJJid^ adds H£ in 2tMt\^^ are Aey^ ^a^d$: biA 
Ckmman^mtnis^ tbtit ibey_ may haV£ a Right to tbe Ti^ee 
of Life. \ and may ^nUf ins through iht pates^^u^-die^ 
City f*' .',..«.', .V *v 

Conformably to thefe Tisxts of Sciiptura, I would . 
neithep rejeft our R E D E E M E R's* Merits, nor 
repudiate good Works. .A^ thU,ihaiy*rTVee, and 
thefe coolmg. Breezes, iUttitqtheiKBj?0pprjti€s> to ren- 
der our Situation agreeable j fo thofe twoCaufes, 
aSing in Conjun£lion, exalt U^ to the Fg^^ouf'.of 
GOD, and^cohftitute Us Hcifs of Heaven.— -GOD 
hJmfeif has jomcd -them. And I maft urge my Re- 
monfl^ance in our LO.R'D's.own Words, Whfft' 
GOD hath\jciheA t&gether^ let mt Man.put afundtr. 

Afp* Would You then make Impotence idfelfaiCo* 
adjutor witbr Omnipotence ?-— Does this bumble the 
Sinner ?• * Does this exalt the S A V I O U R ?— No : 
it is a moft injurious Infringement of his mediatorial 
Dignity. Inftead of excluding, it evidently intro- , 
duces Bpafting. In confequence of fuch a Scheme, 
it would be faid by the Inhabitants of the heavenly 
World; « Thanks to our bleffed REDEEMER 
*' for this Happinefs ! Yet not to Him onfyy but to 
•' our own Rightcoufnefs alfo." 
^' Can You imagine, that the Obcdicnceof CHRIST^ 
IS in/undent to accomplifh our Juftification ? Muft it^ 
Efficacy be reinforced by the Acceffion of ourWorks ? 
• — And what are thefe Works of ours ? That they 
(hould enhance the Value, the immenfc "Value, df 
our REDEEMER'S Ir^MaimeJy tarnijhed^ worm-- ^-^^ 

* John ill. 15. * f Rev, .xxii. 14. 

D I A LOG U E VIL 529 

Mien Things.' Eaten by the Worms of Self-feeking, 
SfeM^admmng; S^f-love : Tarnifticd by a thoi|.fend 
Vanities :* Maimed by teft tboafand Negligences. — 
T<> join ihefe in Commiffion, with our Divine M A- 
STER's Righceoufnefs; would be infinitely more 
^d^mful^ than to tack the Beggar's Rag on the 
Monarch's Robe. Would be altogether as needUfs^ 
asUoj*ream of augmenting the Sea, by the Drops 
of Our Blicketi 

Ither.'Worm'^Mten! What Reafon have You to 
reprefeUt otiii- A6is of Obediej^ce under this fordid 
W& ibaiheful Image ? 

Afp: I thought. You could hardly brook this dif- 
paragiAg Expreffion. It is fomewhat like petty Trea- 
fin againft the Dignhy of Man. My Reafons I muft 
beg Leave to poftpone, till fome other Opportunity 
ofFery. Then, if You pleafe. We will give the 
Caufe a full Hearing; 

• At prcfent, to make amends for this vile Slander, 
I will fuppofe your Works to have no DefeiSi ; nay, 
to YoLveall the Perfe6tion, which You yourfelf could 
wifli. — ^Will You glory, on this Account? — You aiie 
too modcft^ I am fure, to avow or patronize fuch a 
Praftice. Yet, if we fay or think, concerning any 
Attainments of our own, '* This is the Ground, on 
^* vrhich I expeft to efcape Condemn:rtion, and in- 
^' herit Life ;" We do, in the moft offenfvue^ though 
not in the moft explicit Manner, glory *. 


I ^ Omnis Caufa Juftitia ^ Salutis eft Materia & Oljec- 

1 , turn KAvxriCri(^^' Vnde Jlpnfiolus : Nam Ji Abraham ex Ope- 

ribusjujiificatus eft^ ^X*^ uavxtfj^cc. ViTRiNG.' i.e. What- 

I ever is the Caufe of Righteoufnefs and Salvation, is a 

real and proper Foundation for Glorying. Therefore the 
^ Apoftle acknowledges, If Abraham nvere juftijied i^ Works ^ 

' lie bath nvbereof to glory, Rom. iv. a. 


Or, will You reckon^ that thefe Servicer, becaule 
faultlefs, are, in any Degree, meritorious i Let us 
hear our L ORD's Decifion in the Cafe, ff^ken ye 
havi done not fome only,' but a// thafe Things wfyuA 
are eemmanded Tou — ^And where is the Man, or what 
is his Name, who, in any Nation or in any Ag^> 
has done all that is command^ i 

Where fljall I find Him ? Angels tell me where ? 
• Shall I fee Glories beaming from his Brow ? 
Or trace his Fgot/leps by the rifmg FlowWs ? 

Yet even in fuch a Cafe, if all this were performed, 
what fhall VTefay ? We are no better than unprofitr 
able Servants : We have d$ne nothing more, than what 
was our indifpcnfible Duty to do *• And have, on 
this Footing, juft the fame Claim to Honours and 
Rewards, as the Negro Slave, after the Difpatch of 
his daily Bufmefs, has upon the Eftate or the Wealth 
of an American Planter. 

Ther. But what fay You to thofe Paflages of 
Scripture, which I have quoted^ You have given 
them a Hearing, but no Anfwcr. They, I do infift 
upon it, exprefly ajffert 2l Co-operation of CHRIST^s 
Merit, and of our own Works, in the Bufinefs of 
Salvation. JBy which Co-operation, the Law and 
the Gofpel are preferved diftinft. Each has its pro- 
per Office allotted, and to each it$ proper Honour 
is afligned. 

AJp. I fliould rather fay ; By this your Co-opera- 
tion, the Law and the Gofpel are confounded. 
Each is diihonoured j nay more, each is deftroyed* 
When You mingle a White with a Black Liquid, 


• Luke xvii. lo. 

D I A L O G U E VIL 331 

v^lfat is the Rcfult ? Is either of the Colours heigh- 
tened, or either of them preferved ? — If my Com- 
parifon feems low or inadequate, let me borrow an 
Illuftration from our great Philofopher^ Ntwttm^ 
He fomewhere mentions a fine Red, and a beautiful 
Axure j which, when mixed, produce no Colour 
at alL The Tranfparcncy and the Glow, which 
each, in a State of Separation, polTefTed; are, upon 
their Coalition, lofl* Such would be the EfFeft of 
my Friend's unfcriptural Connexion. 

Uufcriptural ! No, replies Theron. It is the very 
Langu^ of Scripture. It is afTerted in the Book 
of Revelation ; Bleffed are they^ ihat/io his Command^ 
ments.~TTUG. But wherefore are they blefTed ?-* , 
. Becaufe, the Obedience of Faith is attended with 
a real BlefTednefs on Earth. This Man Jhall he 
hlejfed^ in his Doing * : not for^ but in f hts Per- 
formance of religious and moral Duties. — Becaufe, 
the Obedience of Faith demonflrates our Title, to 
eternal BlefTednefs in Heaven. It is, though not 
the Purchaff, yet the Evidence of our kight to the 
Tree of Life. . 


• Jam. i. 26. 

f EN Tu eo«7tfi» ^tvk* IK his Doing* How cxaftis 
the Language of Scripture I Perfedlly exaft, amidil the 
greatcft Simplicity. It has all the Accuracy of^ Logi6, 
without any of its Subtilty. — See another Inftance of the 
fame Diftinftnefs, on the very fame Subjeft, P/al, xix, 
II. IN Iteeping of them there IS (not, /cr keeping the di- 
vine Commandments, there Jhall be) great Revoard.-^ 
Let us Itudy and examine the facred Language ; lift its 
Expreffions,' and weigh their Import. So (hall We be, 
as one <rf its infpired Authors moft emphatically fpeaks» 
'^imwl^w\fMn\ «-^( ay^^ftav;- InftruSiedy not in the Grofs 
only, but n»ith the utmoft Preciiion aad Accuracy^ 


All this I acknowledge. But where, I befeea 
You, does the Scripture join the Obedience d 
CBR /ST and the Obedience of Man, as mutuallj 

conducive to the Juftificatioa of a Sinner ? Th^ 

Scripture utterly difavows fuch a Copartnerfhip- • Jt\ 
aflerts, what our Homily expreffes; ** Surely, there: 
*' can be no Work of any mortal Man (be He never 
«* fo holy) that fhall be coupled in Mesit Mrith 
« CHRIS Ts moft holy Ad */'~The Scripture 
ftcadily and invariably declares ; that, in this greateft 
of Tranfadions, CHRIST is not an Acceflary, 
hut the Principal; nay, that He is all» Be ^$t 
known unto. Tau^ Men and Brethren^ that through this 
illuftrious and exalted PERSON iy is preached 
ttnto You the Fergivenefs of Sim : and by Him all that 
jfcUeve are juflified from all Things. -r-Through this 
PERSON; who, without any Partner or Co-ad- 
jutor, purged our Sins. — By Him ; not by Him, 
and our Works jointly j but by Him folely. No 
other Aftion, no other Agent, concurring in any 
Degree. This was typcfied by the High-Prieft; 
when, on the folemn Day of Expiatiorij, .i^e w^nt 

• Homily on Good-Friday. 

+ JSfs x\i\, '^S. 7%rough this. Man. — I think, the Word 
Man ilattens the Period, and diminiihes the Dignity of 
the Sentiment. It fhottld rather be left in the native aid 
Eobie Ambiguity of the Original ; ^ta rbia^ through this 
Per/on. That the Reader's Imagination may be per- 
mitted to \york ; and have Room to add^ This more th^n 
mortal, this 6V:x;/«f Perfon. 

There i& the fame improper Precifipn in our Tranfla- 
tion, v/h:n the Difciples are rep refen ted as crying ou.t; 
IVhat Manner </* Man is this ! The Greek is beautifully 
indeterminate, cjoWo? tlo?; What Manner (f Ferfon? Is 
He a Man ? Or more than a Man ? The Turn of Thought, 
fecnis to be like that fine Compliment in Virgil \ 

— ■ I^ec Vox Ilomittem fcnat ; Dea ceHe ! 

D I A L O G U'E Vir. 33 J 

Irito the Tabernacle alone -^ and made the figurative 
Atonement, without any Aflbciate *.*^Fr9m ali 
^Things ; by H I M they are uuhclly^ as well as folely 
3*uftified. Freed from every Charge, whether of 
Omiffion or Commiffion ; and rendered, not in jwt 
only, but completely acceptable. 

-Ti HIM We 'owe 

ALL our Deliverance^ and to None hut HIM\m 

I hope, therefore. You will no longer confidcr the 
fupremely excellent JESUSy as a partial Czxik of 
ourjuftification. — What would be the Confequence, 
if the Perfon, who is walking by yonder River, fliould 
fix one Foot on the folid Bank, and place another 
on the fluid Stream ? 

T%er, He muft unavoidably fall. 
Jfp. And what fays our unerring Inftrufter, to 
thofe double-minded Gaktiam ; who could not be- 
lieve themfelves fafe and complete, in the Merits of 
CHRIST alone : but muft be feeking fome other 
Foundation, on which to repofe a Share at leaft of 
their Confidence ? He fays ; and they are awful 
Words ; they call for ray Therons moft ferious Re- 
gard ; Te are fallen from Grace'Xy from the Truth 
and Purity of free Juftification. 

Let me entreat my Friend, to beware 6f this Error- 
I think, it is the prevailing Error of our Times ; and . 
fo much the more dangerous ^ becaufe it is fomewhat^ 
fpecious. — To pour Contempt upon the bleffed JE- 
SUSy with the Libertines and Deijis^ would be 
iho(iking to a Mind, that retains the leaft Reverence 


• Lcvit. xvi. 17. f MiLTOif> BoQkIII« 

: Gal. v. 4. 


for facred Things. Entirely to fet afide the mer 
torious Efficacy of his Undertaking, with the Aridrms 
and Secinians^ would be affli£Hve to a Confcience^ 
that is imprefled with the leaft' Senle of Sin^^^ 
Whereas, to creft our Merits on the Foundatioxx 
of CHRJST's^y tb be found in hisy yet riot re^ 
nounce eur own Righteoufnefs 5 this is both plaufible 
to our Reafon, and pleafing to our Vanity. This 
feems to honour the Divine SAVIOUR, even 
while it gratifies human Pride. — But this is an egre- 
gious Falihood, and cannot ftand. This is an 
abominable Idol, and muft be laid in the Duft. 
CHRIST, like the real Mothtr of the Child, will 
have the whole, or none ♦ j the whoh^-^unfiand-^^ 
unrlvakd — undiminijbed Glory of our Salvation. 

Let me once again entreat my dear Tbiron, to be- 
ware of this Error. It is the main Pillar in the R^^ 
man Herefy, and the Mafter-policy of the Popijh 
Machiavilians f. " CHRlSTYidXh merited, that 
*« We may merit," is their grand Maxim, and their 
grand Delufion. Hence come their Penances and 
their Pilgrimages : hence the hypocritical Mortifi- 
cations of Some, and the extravagant Aufterities of 
Others : this enriches their Shrines, and fills dieir 
Cloyfters. And to thofe Seminaries of Superftition, 
let it be banifhed, let it be confined. — Then let them' 
raife their Scaffolding, and try to enlarge the Di- 
rnenfion of the Skies, There let them kindle their 
Flambeaus, and attempt to increafe the ^Luftre of 
the Sun. When they have efFedled this eafterTi^fk^ 

• 1 Kings iii. 26. 

f Man cannot make Himfelf righteous, neither in 
Part, nor in the Whole. To affirm this, is the greatefl 
Accogancy and Prefiunption, that Aniichrift could fet up 
againll GOD. Hontilj en Salvation, Part II. 


M thta will Wc Prote/lants' follovr their Example^ 
M and adopt their Sjrftem. Then will We alfd think 
ien of adding our own Righteoufnefs, by way of Sup^ 
& plement to the Dignity and Efficacy — ^the tranf- 
!adi ccndent Dignity and infinite Efficacy — of our 
t]» LORD'S. 

a Ther. If We arc juftificd wholly byour L ORD'Ss 

Fb Righteoufhefs ; if nothing need be added, if nothing 
K ^an be added to its aU-comprehending Fulnefs ; what 
^ will become of the generally received Opinion — 
\ That CHRIST obtained for Us only a PefUUty 
I of being faved ; or put Us into a Capacity of ao 
J qoiring Salvation ? - 

jffp» It will be difcountcnanced and overthrown ; 
as extremely dilhonourable to the REDE EM ER> 
and no lefs uncomfortable to the Redeemed. When 
CHRIST procured our Pardon, and recovered our 
Title to Life ; it was all his own Doing ; all his 
own Acquifition. Of the People there was none with 
Him * ; none of their Works, none of their Endea- 
^ vours, to co-operate as a fubordinate Caufe, under • 
any Shape, or in any Degree whatever. 
( Hear his own Tcftimony : I have finijhcd the TVcrk^ 

which Thou gov eji me to do f. Should You want an 
Explication of thefe Words, I refer You to the 
> Comment of an Apoftle, He^ that is, JESUS 
CHRIST^ has obtained eternal Redemption for Us p 
I This was his Work, and it is fully executed. He ' 

haSf Hz HAS, obtained eternal Redemption. So' 
' that nothing remains for Sinners, but to receive the^ 
^ purchafed BlefTednefs, and to live as becomes the 
Redeemed of the LOR D. 


\ Thi& 

• Ifat Ixiii. 6. f John xyii. 4. J Hcb» 

ix. iz. 

356 P I A L O G U E VIL ' 

.This Truth is written^ as with a Sun-beatn^ m 
the Pages of the Gofpel ;. and founds as with a Vcoce 
of Thunder, in the Songs of Heaven. Sah4Ui0H 4^ 
^ur GOD^ they cry, thatfiUeth upm tkethrmt^ and 
tit the L A MB *. Thofe Saints in Glory, afcribc 
the Whole — the Whole of their Salvation they afcifiiye^ 
to the Grace of G OD, and to the Blood of ihe 

Tber. Have not many of our moft learned Divtftes 
r«prefented Faith, Obedience, and Rep^itance, as 
the Terms of Acceptance? CHRIST^ according to 
this Account, procured not the Bleffing itfelf, but 
only the Grant of eafier Cmdiiwnsy on which it may 
be enjoyed. 

Afp. What fays that fublime BEING, who 
gives the moft learned Divines all th^ir Wifdom i 
My righteous Servant Jhall jufiify many \* Not pave 
the Way, or adjuft the Preliminaries, bmt difpatch 
the very Bufinefs ; Jhall jufiify. — What fays that in- 
fallibk Author, from whofe Writings all Divines 
ought to derive their Doftrines? CHRIST hath 
perfeSied for ever them that, are fanHified J. He has 
done all that was neoeflary for their Pardon, their 
Peace with GOD, and their everlafting Felicity. 
Othprwife, He were not a complete SAVIOUR. 
He would not fave to the uttermojl U, if, executing 
fome Part only of the grand Undertaking, He left 
other Parts to be performed by his People. 

,The Terms of Acceptance, for fallen and rebel- 
lious Man, were, A fiill Satisfj^Slion § to the divine . 

Juftice, . 

• Rev. vii. 10. t l^ai- l"i- '*• X Heb. x. 14. 
n Heb. vii. 8. 

§ A/ull ^atzsUakn^ for a Proof of . this Point, fee 
Dial III. IV. 


j^ufttce^ atid a<:0iiiplece Conformity f te> th^; divine 
Law. Tkcfe, impxadicaWe by Us, vrereconfigjied 
09cr to CHRIS T. By Him they w^r^jhoroughly 
dccompHfhed; and by this AccpmpUihinejnt of them^ 
He merited for us all BlejSngs'. Amiong other^^ He 
ana-ited the Gift of -Faith, the Grace of Repentance, 
and Ability to yield ibankful,. dutiful^ evangelical 
Obedience. Thefe therefore are but improperly 
caUed the Terms, which are really confthuent Parts 
of our Salvation. * ♦ 

T© iiim tfp all in a Wo»d-—*The whole Tenour 
€>f Revelation Aewii, that there are but two Me-- 
diods, who'eby any of the human Race can be juf- 
tified.-^Either by a perfcd Obedience to the Law, 
in their own ¥jetkms; and then the Reward is of 
Debt f.^-^r elfe, becauie the Surety of a better Co- 
venant has faciafied all Demands in tl^ir Stead ; 
and then the Reward is of Grace. — There is no 
trimming or reconciling^ Expedient. — You may 
chbqfe either of the two; hut no third is propofed 
or allowed. 

77?er. Was there not a different Mc^thpd of Salva- 
tion, for the antient People of ^GOD ? 

J^p* None, Tkfrm. lit the State of primitive In- 
nocency, a per/e^ zni perfevering Obfervance of the 
divine Command, was the Condition of Salviation ; 
or rather, of Life and Immortality J. When, by 


* J complete Conformity i for the lUufbation of thit 
Truth, ktDial. VIII, IX. 

t J^om, iv. 4. Pa^ional Debt; founded on the Obli- 
gation of the Covenant, not fpringing from any Worth 
m the Obedience. 

t ^Jfafio makes a Difiln^ion in this Place, between 
Salivation and Li/e eternal. The former is, ftriftly fpcak- 

VoL. I. Z ing» 

338 D I A L O G U E Vir. 

the firft grftnd Apoftacy, this Condition, became 
impoffible 5 a frn Pardon, and grmaus Acceptance, 
through the bleffed JESUSy were fubftituted in its 
Stead. Which Oeconomy, like a Fountain <^ Life, 
tras opened; when GOD promifed the Sied of the 
JVimany to bruife the Serpent* s Head ♦. — ^It ran, like 
a falutary Rivulet, through the Anudihtvian World 
iS-^ontinned its Progrefs, and difpenfed its Bleffings^ 
along the Patriarchal Age — Flowed, in broader.and 
more numerous Streams, tinder the Moftic XKfpefi-- 
fation — Is derived down to Us, enlarged by the 
Coming of CHRIS T^ and complied by the Mi- 
iviftry oi \ii$ Apojiles — ^Will be tranfmitted, without 
any farther Improvements, to the lateft Poftcrity. 
Henceforward increating and extending, not its 
Perfeftion, but its Influence only. Which it will 
never ceafe to do, till, as the Fountain is become 
a River, the River is augmented into an Oceans 
and the Knowledge of the LORD our Righteoufncfa 
fill the Earthy as the fFaters cover the Abyffes of the 

• There was, Iconfefs, a Diverfity in the Admini* 
ftration, but no DifFcrencc in the Nature, of the 
Bleflirig. JE S US CHRISTy howevCT varioiifly 
manifefted, wast, the fame Te/lerday^ is the fame to 
£>ayy will be the fame^^^r ever J. A» it is the very 

• fame 

ing, a Language fuitcd to the Gofpcl. The latter is pre-, 
cifely proper to the Law. The Covenant of Grace fays ; 
Believe,, and thoa fhalt he /aved. The Covenant of 
Works faid ; He that doeth them, Jhall live by them. 
Salvation implies a Deliverance from fome Penalty or 
Mifery inciurbd, and a Reitiftatement in fome Bleffing 
or Happinefs forfeited. Which ^re evidently peculiar to 
the evangelical Difpenfation, and not applicable |Q tEe 
State of Integrity. , " ' 

• Gea. iii. 15. f I^ai. xii 9* t Hcb. xiii. g. 


fame Sun, which gleams at early- Dawn; which 
^Jhfnes in the advancing Day; and ghws at Height 
of Noon. 

My Simile reminds Us of the Time, and leavet a 
moft hnportant Doftrine upon our Memories. , Sup- 
pofe We take the Admonition, and begin to move 

Ther. We need be in no Hurry, Aj^afio. My 
Watch tells me, that We have half an Hour good. 
Befides, I have fomething farther to allcdge, and 
from a very great Authority, which feems diredly 
contrary to your Notion. 

jffff. Juft as You pleafe, Ther on. If You choofe 
to ftay, I am all Compliance with your Inclination, 
And, would Trfith permit, I Ihould be all Confor- 
mity to your Opinion. 

Ther. You know, who it is that a(ka; PHjat 
doth the LORD require of Thee? And neither of 
Us need be informed, What it is, that the Prophet 
replies; Do Jujiice^ love Mercy^ and lOalk humbly 
with tby GOD *.. But I want to know, what You. 
think of this Paffage ? 

Jfp. I think, it is abfohitely inconfiftent with your 
Scheme. This Paffage inculcates Humility^ But 
your Scheme is the veiy Reverfe of that amiable Vir- 
tue. A Self-jufticiarywalking humbly with GOD, 
is little better than a Contradidion in Terms. 

The LORD has faid;. Ye Jhall he faved hy 
Grace f. Your Syftcm replies ; " No, but by out 

*' own 
♦ Mich. vi. 8. 

t ^h. 11. 5. The Solicitadc of the blcfled Apoftic, 

to prelcrvc inviolate the Hgnours of divine Grace, is, 

in this Place, very confpicuous.— He had told the Bfhe-- 

ftaru^ thatrthey were, by Nature^ the CUUtm of Wrath. 

Z 2 Worthy 

340 D I AL Q G U E va 

** own Sincerity, and our own Worl^Ls." — It is, 4^ 
clarcd in Scripture j 'Jhzt the Gift of GOD u et^kz 
nal Life. It is implied in n(>.y;.Frie»d's DodbriAe^ 
That this Happinefs is the Wages of owr o)vn Rchr 
pentance and Reformation.. — " ^Jy SON fix^ 
. '< have all the Glory of a Sinner's Salvation," is 
the unalterable Decree of the MOST HIG,^ 
" IVe will have a Share in the Honour," is the Laf^ 
guage of your Opinion. — Look, how wide tberefi^ 
the Eaft is from the Weft ! So remote is fuch a Strawji 
of Teaching, from thePradlice of walking humbly 
with our GOD. / . , 

Ther. But.confider^ good j^fpajioi hs^v-e I not th^ 
Prophet's Authority for my Opinion ? Are not ht« 
Words exprefly on my Side? Does He not;nentioa 
thofe Duties of Morality and Piety, as the appointed 
Method of obtaining the divine Favour ? .-^ 

Jfp. He mentions, I apprehend, a folicitous £»r 
quiry. To which He gives a^'fatisfaitory* 
Then fubjoins a praftical Improvement of the.Whol^ 
^-The Enquiry is exprefled in tliefe Words ; . PFhere* 
wtthaijhall, I cme before the LORDy-aiyi how m'^elf 

. h{f%m 

Worthy of nothbg but Indignation and Vengeance.-^ 
That all their Privileges, and BleiSngs came, not from 
any Goodnefs of their own, but from a GOD ^ho u 
rich in Mercy. — That they were originally dead in l^ref 
pajfes and Sins. And what can dead Men do, either to 
obtain or deferve, heavenly and immortal Happmeft ?— 
Safiident this. One wot^ld ima^iine, to guard againft^he 
Encroachments of Spiritual Pride, and all Self-gloryioj 
whatever. .But the zeaWs AVriter; to cut off both the 
Root and Branch of this abominahle Principlet adds in 
Verfe the fifth ; Bj. Grace y through infinitely free Favour, t 
ye arefa'ved. To give the utmoft force to his JBltfty, He 
again inculcates the fame Truth, in the very feme Wxiids; 
By Grace, purely, entircljr, exclufive of ai} \yorks, are 
Te^/a'vcdy Ver. 8. 

b I A L a G U E VII. 34t 

K/ore the High GOD f Shall I come befire Him with 
BumUofferin^Sj with Calves of a Tear old? TVill the 
is Ol^D ' he pleafed with Thoufands of Rams ; with ten 
thoufands of Rivers of Oil f Shall I give my Firji-bom 
for my TranfgreJJion^ the Fruit of my Body for the Sin 
of my Soul'^f Juftifitation is the Point in View. 
How ihall I obtain Kemiffipn of Sinf In what 
Manner (hall hiy Tranfgrejfion be expiated ? So that 
I may appear with' Acceptance before the righteous 

• To which it is replied ; He hath Jbewed Th^e, O 
Man^ what is good for this important Purpofc; 
namely, the AfESSIjfH-, pointed out by all thy 
Sacrifices f , and defcribed in the preceding Chap- 
ter. Atonement for Sin, and Peace with GOD, 
Are to be made by a better Hand, and in a better 
Way, than thou propofeft; HE, whofe Outgoings 
have been from of old^ from everlajling J ; HE, who 
is the Son of the H IG HE S T, and yet the Seed 
of Her that travaileth || ; HE hath undertaken, and 
will fully execute, this great Office. 

And what doth the L OR D thy G OD require of 
J^ee? What Temper, what Condu6l, what Expref- 
fions of Gratitude, from his People ? Who are 1-e-i 
feonciled through the Blood of CHAlSTy and ad- 
mitted to the Blfiffings of the New Covenant §.— - 

♦ Mic. vi. 7, 8. 
f The ceremonial Law was to the Jews a real Gofpel ; 
which held Blood, Deaths and Tranjlation of Guilt, be- 
forp their Eyes continually, as the only Way of Salva- 
tion. '&0tTOn*'S Fourfold ^tate. 

X Mic. V. 2. II Mic. y. 3. 

§ Thy GOD, is the Phrafe. Which denotes an Inter 

reft ; implies an Appropriation ; ^nd is the peculiar Lanr 

guagcot the Covenant.— Thy GOD; not made fo by 

Z 3 thy 


They are to tcftify their Thankfiilnrfs for thii nii- 
fpeakable Gift, by the Alacrity, . Uniformity, and 
Conftancy of their Obedience. By the confdcit- 
tious Difcharge of every morale foetal^ znArdigious 
Duty. Or, by doing Juftice, loving Mercy, and 
walking humbly with their GOD. 

If this be a true Interpretation of the Text, inftead 
of eftabli&ing, it overturns your Caufe. — ButI hat^e 
another Objeftion to your Method, perhaps, more 
weighty than the foregoing. 

Ther. Pray, let me hear it. — ^I am not fd enamour- 
ed with my Notions, but I can bear to have thefti 
ccnfured ; nor fo attached to my' Scheme, but I can 
relinquifli it for a better. 

Jfp. I would illuftrate my Meaning, by a com- 
mon Experiment in Optics. When Obje£ls arc 
viewed in a cancave Speculum^ or in the Hollow of a 
poliflied Spoon, how do they appear ? 

Tfoer* Inverted* 

Afp, Such is my Friend's SyftCm of Religion. H« 
inverts the Order of the Oofpel. He turns the beau- 
tiful Building upfide down ; and lays that for the 
Foundation^ which fliould only be Part of the Super^ 
JlruBure, — Not fo the Apoftle FauL He, like a wife 
Maftcr-builder, places CHRIST zs the Founda- 
tion ftone; aad rears his Edifice of pradical God- 
linefs, on that all-fupporting Bafis.-*-Examine his 
Epiftle to the Romans. Which is uilqueftionably 
the completeft Model of Do£lrine, and the nobleft 
Body .of Divinity, extant in the World. tt 

tlxy humble Walking, but by an Aft of Jbis onvn Grace, 
previous to any Obedience of thine. — According to 
TherdA'^s Principles, the Prophet (hould rather have faid, 
walk humbly (not with thy GOD, but) that He may 

P I i\ L O G U E VII. 34^ 

^ He firft difcov^rs the Depravity of our Nature, and 

kg ihc Mifery of om* Conditiqu.*— He, then, difplays the 

^ \ Method of our Recovery by CHRIST, and the 
1^ Bleflings freely vpuchfafed in his Gofpel. — After 

g which. He deline^i^es theOfEces of Moralitj^^ a^nd en- 

forces them by the moft engaging Motives, Motives, 
I drawn from the free unbounded Lovlng-kindnefs of 

If G O D our S A V I O U R, and from the rich in- 

J valuable Benefits of his Grace "^.—CHRI ST and 

his Privileges are the Root. From which, Grati- 
liude blQOjjns, as the Flower j Godlinefs grows, as 
tfee Fruit. , . 

The fame Order is obferved by St. Peter, in his 

very concife, but very accurate Map, of the Way to 

Heaven.' Ele^, according to the Foreknowledge of 

GOD the FATHERy through Sanaifcatkn of the 

SPIRIT, unto Obedience^ and Sprinkling of the Blood 

' €f CHRISTi.—F'irii, the everlafting Love and 

cleaing Grace of the FAT HER. Who choofes 

Us, not becaufe of, but unto Obedience, — Then, 

. the enlightening Influence, and renewing Agency 

Z 4 of 

• Thb, I think, is the bcft Platform for an evangelical 
Catechifm. The Ruin of Man, occaiioned by Sin — His 
Reco'vify^ eiFeaed by C If R I S T—Ui^ Gratitiu^^ to be , 
cxpreffed by way of Obedience. — ^This Plan is carried 
into Execution by the Palatinate Divines. Who have 
formed upon it, a Summary, of catechetical InHrudUon. 
Than which, I have met with nothing of the Kind, more 
clear and fatisfaflory ; more edifying' and animating ; 
more exadlly confonant to the benign Spirit of the Go- 
fpel, or better calculated' to transform the Mind into 
Holinefs, and the Life into Happinefs. — This Piece the 
Re^er may fee, together with a judicious, and very 
valuable Expofition of it, in the Latin Works of Henricm 
Aliingim^ 1 Vol. Quarto. Which, I believe, may be 
, bought for a Trifle, yet are more precious than Gold. 
t I Pet. i. 2. 

344 D I A li QG U B m 
of the SPIRIT. Who teftifies of CHRTSTlr- 
and lipplics'his Death to the Soul;, purifying the 
Heart by Faith .> — ^Frorti whence, as from a Ftfuo- * 
tain of living Waters, flow true Sanitifkation'i unA 
tvtty A£k of filial ObeSenciy every Kind of ^ seal 
Holineis.--^All which, being partly defe<ftivq, and • 
partly polluted, muft be fprinkled with the Blood- 
of JESUSy and made: acceptable by hk. djiag' 
Oblatiov. ... 

Xher, Is this the eonftant Method, iq which the 
facred Writers repreficnt theGofpel Salvation f- Do- 
they always obferve this particular Order, in arrange 
ing its Dodlrincs and its Duties ? Or, is it not an • 
infignificant Circumftance, iRrhich goes firfiy pro- 
vided We take in hrtb? 

Jfp. To obferv^ this Qrder, I ^(n perfu^ided^ 13 . 
no infignificant Cir^umftalice, It is of greajt Cpnr 
fequence, both to. our EilaWilhment and to our 
Growth in. Grace^. Js-ita Matter of IndiflFereiice 
to. the Archer, whether He fend the Point, or th0 
Feather of his Arrow foremoft ? Can He, ineit;her* 
Cafe, hit the Mark with', equal £^fe, and equal 
Certainty? " 

I believe, You.will find, that the facred Writers^ 
in all their ivangelUal Difcourfes, invariably adhere 
to this Order. Nay 5 it took place even under the 
Itgal Difpenfation.TT-When the L O R D . G O P = 
publiflied his Law from Mount Sinai i whtti He 
wrote it, with his own Finger, on Tablcs^of Stone ; 
how did He introduce th^ Precepts ? How*^ euforcc 
their Obfervancef — Let Us atterid to the Preamble; 
which is the Language of Love, and the very S^it 
of the Gofpel : / am the LORD thy G OD ; who 
brought Thee out oft}?^ Land of Egypt j, op of the Houfe ' 

• . of ' 


fff Bondage ♦• *.* I have already delivered Thee, 
*^ with a mighty Hand, from the moft fordid and 
*< rnfupportable Slavery. I have promifed Thee, 
*' for thy Poffeffion, the delightful Country of 
** Canaan \ a goodly Heritage of tke Hofts cf Natims \. 
*' Nayi I myfelfzm thy Portion ; a GOD in Co* 
** vcnant with Thee ; citgaged, by an inviolable 
*♦, Contsad, and with the Exertion of all my At- 
. *< tributes, to do Thee Good. Ttereforey keep the 
•* Statutes, the Judgments, and Ordinances, which 
** I'am now going to eftablifli."-^Could' there be 
a moPB winning Inducement, or a more endeai^ing • 
' Obligation, to Obedience ? 

I might point put the fame Strain, nmning through 
the Exhortations of Mofei^ and the Songs of David i 
the Sermons of the Prophets, and the*Writings of 
the Apeftles. But this i wave, not through an 
Apprehenfion of its Difficulty, only from a Fear of ' 
PrcJixity.— However, YoU will not think me te- 
dious, if I produce one more Inftance, from the' 
great Mafter of our Schools.. For We Ourfdves 
were fome. time foolijh^, difobedient^ deceived^ fervin^ 
divers Lu/ls and PleafureSj living in Malice and Envy ^ 
hateful €tnd hating one another J. Here, He fets be- 
fore Us adifmal, but exad Picture, of our depraved 
^nd undone Condition. — Then He prefepts Us with 
a delightful View of our Redemption, both in its 
gracious Caufe, and precious. Effeds. But, afer 
that the Kindnefs and Love of GOD our SAVIOUR 
toward Man appeared ; not by Works ^f Righteoufnefsy 
which We have done^ hut according to his Mercy, He 
faved Vfy by the Wajhing of Regeneratieny and Re^, 


^ Exod. XX. 2. t Jer. iii. 19. J Tit. iii. 

3> 4> 5» ^» 7> ?• 

346 DIALOGUE Vll. 

.mwing (ffth HOLY GHOST i which m b^^hjhed 
'*« Vs abundantly^ through JESUS CHRIST fiur 
SAVIOUR J that bting jujiififd hy h'n Gr^0^ ^fi 
fiiotdd be made Heirs according io the Hope of sttrmd 
Lij-g, — Having thus provided ..for our Happijrteis; 
He then promotes our Holineft. Thii is a f^ubfitl 
Sayings and thefe Tilings I will dot Thou a^^m ca^^ 
Jlantly^ that they^who Have believed in GOD^ he <:4Z^«*- 
Jul to maintain good JVorks ; ibefe Things are good and 
frofitbhk untit Men. 

I make no Comment * upon the PalTage : bccnufe 
•I hope, You will commit it, as a noble Depofitum^ 


• Perhaps* the Readtjr will give me Leave, though 
Jfpafio has declined th^ Office, to add a ihort txpojifcrj 
StriAure, upon the moft diftinguiflied Parts of this very 
important Paragraph. — I.' We have the Caufe of our Re- 
demption ; ffW If'orh i>f Right eoufniju "which We have 
doTte, but the Kw/int[fsf the La^e^ the Mercy of GOD our 
S A V I P U "R. To thefe,. to thefe alone, every Child of 
'Man muft afcribe, both his Fruition of prefcnt, and his 
Expeftation of future Blefiedncfs. 

JL T)\eEffe^is\ wh!ch are — Juftijiccaion \ being jtffti- 
iiedy having our Sins forgiven, and ourPerforis accepted, 
through the Rightcoufnefs of CHRIST imputed. All 
this. Without any the leaft deferving Quality in U5; 
folely by hirGrace^ and moft unmerited Goodncfs«f— 
BaK£iif.cctTon\ exprefied, "by The Wajhing of Regeneration^ 
'Thn^ Warning in the REDEEMER'S Blood,, which 
<^lei^nf*?s the Soul from G.uilt, as-tlie. Washing of Water 
cle.infcs the Body ^fronl Filth. Which reconciles to 
<j 01), gives Peace of Confcience, and thereby lays the 
foundation of an univerfal fpiritual Change. The Rt- 
neiving cf the HOLY GHOST;' whofe Influences, tcf- 
tifying of CHRIST, and applying his Merits, intro- 
. Guce an Improvement into all the Faculties of tKe Mind ; 
Yomewhat like that annual Renovation, and general 
Smile, which the Return of Spring diifufcs over the Face 
of Nature. ' " " 


P I A L O G U E VII. 347 

^f to your Memory. Your own diligent Medrtation, 

?' accompanied with humble Prayer, *will furnifli out 

S^ the bcft Expofition. — Only I would juft remark, th;>t 

^ the Apoftle, always confiftent, always u4iiform, mar^ 

» fhah his Thoughts with his ufual Exa<ftnefs. Godd 

i Works are not dijbanded ; nor yet f uflFered .to lead the 

»• Van \ but made to bring up the Rear*. — When he* 

? . mentions thefe Fruits of the SPIRIT, He men*- 

J tidns them/ not flightly, as Matters of fmall Mo- 
ment ; but earneftly, as Affairs of great Importance* 

i it is his Dcfirc. aad his Charge, that all -Believers 
2 ' * ■ fliould 

III. liYitEnd^ndiConJummaiionoi?!!', that We fhoiild 
I be made &/>j of the heavenly Kingdom; and live, now 

in the affujrcd Hope, hereafter iu the full Enjoyment, of 
eternal Lift. 

• The fame Order IS obferved by St. Johtiy Rev. xiv, i j. 
Blejfed are the Dead^ 'which die in the L OJl D ; for they 
rdi from their Labour Sy and tbur IVorks do follonx} them* 
^fot go before^ to open the everlafting Doors, and. give • 
them Admittance intp the Manfions of Joy. But they 
fcllo'ix) them, when admitted; As.fhe Robe, which,' on 
a King's Coronation-day, flows from Jiis SJioulders, can- 
not but accompany Him, whercfoever He goes. — It may 
be pertinent, on the Mention of this liluftration, ji^fl to 
bint ; That, as it is not the Robe of State, which majus 
the King ^ fo neither is it the Pradice of Holinefs, whick 
* . jw<j>fi?i the Chriftian. An Union with CfT-^/iS?", an'In- 
tereft in his Merits, and the in*d welling Prefence of hit 
SPIRIT; thefe^ and nothine^' fhort of thefe, conftitntc 
the true Cbriftian. Yet, ms the royal Rgbe is an Atten- 
dant on Majefty, and diflinguifhes the Monarch ) fo, 
pradical Godiincfs is infeparable from Faith, and adorns 
the Believer.— 'Agreeably to this Dodrine, Ckmenij the 
apoftolic Father, ivf^^ £» #;/o«< a/dL^oi^ «r»yV €xo(TfA»fin<Toc9 oi 
^kKctm, .They were jnade' JVxal'Jt </V^4tf^«j, by Faith in 
CHRIST, They were adorned tiL.<rfjt,t,%<zay, they and 
their Faith appeared like themfclves, by aboanding in 
every good Work. Clem, Efift* I. ad Corinth^ 

348 DIALOGUE Vljf. 

Ibould becerriful^ 5 have their Hearts tipon the fiitfi:- 
, nefs ;' (hould ufe'thcir beft Contrivance, and -txcrt 
their atmoft Endeavours — not barely to pra^fe^ but 
to maintain f j to be exemplary, diftinguiflied, arid 
pre-eminent in the Exercife of every Virtue.— Be* 
caufe, this Vfrtae, and tbefe Works, though not t|ii? 
Ground of a Reconciliation with GOI>, are amia- 
ble in the Eyes of all, and honourable % to the chriP- 
tian ProfciCon. They are' z\{6 k neceffary Ingre- 
dient in perfonal Happincfs, and the apparent Means 
€Jti fecial Ufefulne/s |(, 

Tber. This View of the ^angelical Plan is, I 
mtift confefs, new to me ;^ and particularly yo^r 
'Ordonnance 6f the Epiftle to the Ramansi 

jfjp. If this be new^ perhaps, what I am going to^ 
adv«nc?c, may be ftrange. — We have been talking 
about Acceptance with GOD ; and debating, whe- 
ther our own good Works, arc the- Caufe of thisifti 
cftimable BleSin^. What will You fay ; if We tan 
perform w good Work, till We are iftt^reftcd in 
CHRIST, andacccpted by GOD? 

Ther. Say !t— That this is razing Foundations. 

JffK It is razing the yv^rong^ the Foundation faifely 
fa called. Which will certainly deceive as Many,^' 
as make it their Truft.-^And is it not prudent, when 
We aire building foif Eternity, carefully to examine 
die Ground I Is it not friendly, *to divert a Man from: 


* <S>:'.»7i^>:;7». , This is fomcwhat, like that emphatical 
Exj^reilivin, which fo ofteo occurs in the Old TcHament, 
r»'U7'^ ViOiaLTS Te Jhall ohfer^e to do: Ye fhall be vtry du> • 
li^eni to fulfil ; Ye fliall be very exaQ in performing. 

t nfoira*c-0af;. Jf th? Reader pleafcs» He may fee this 
.Word ^ot^critk^iUj explaijqted, ptig. 227. i^ the Note, 

n J A L/O G U E yii f 4^ 

the fxeSLch^toMs $%fid^ and lead Him tp the uoihak^ft 
Rack^r-For this Caufe I faid it once, and fer th.^ 
(Caufe Jtfay it again j That .We can perform m good 
%prte^. r/// Wc. are intereftc4 in CHRIST^ mi 
accepted. of GOD* , . 

Tb^r. Produce ypur Jleafons Afpafio. . And ftrong 
Rf^fons thi^y muft be, which are forcible enough to 
iupport fuch an Opinion, 

Afpr TheCaf^ feems to fpeak for itfelt Howr/zst 
a Man that is evil, dp Works that are good ? Would 
You expert to gathir Grapes of Thorns^ cr. Figs cf 
Thijiles? : And is not this the CharaiSer of every. 
Child of Jdam^ till He is engrafted into the true 
Olive-tree ?^ — -But let Us hear, what our wurting' 
TEACHER fays : Js the Branch cannot bear Fruit 
gf itfel/i ^xcepti it abide in ibe Fine; no morf can Ye^ 
perform true Obedience, or he. endued with tru^ 
Sincerity, *excipf Ye abide in me^* Nothing ca». be 
more exprefs and full to our Purpofe, But that 
which follows, is far mpre. alarming and awfi*! to* ' 
our Confcieaces. If a ManxAide not in Me^ He i!t 
caft forth as d Branchy and. is withered \ and Men ga^ 
ther themii^^^nd caft them into the Fire^ ipad they dre 
burned f.— ^From which'.it^appears, tbat the hitmaa 
He^rt is never aSuat^d-by gosd Tempers; that the 
human Life can never be produftive oi goad IVorisi, 
until a Man is united to CHRIST. No more 
than a Branch can bear valuable Fruit, while it cob- 
tinues in a State of Separation from the Tree J.— 

It ' 

* John XV. 4. ' f . John xv. 6. 

. X This difcovers an'Error, which is often committed, 
in our Attempts to inftrud little Children. What is ihore' 
common, than to tell them ? •* If they will be good, 
" GOD Almighty Will love and blefs them;" — Where- 
as, they fhould rather be informed, ** That they are Siit- 
5 •' ners: 

350 D 1 A L O G U E Vn. 

It appears alfo, that Perfons alienated ftom 
i^HRISTj are, and all their Performances to©, 
like broken^ withiredj rotten Boaghs: fit. for no- 
thing, but to be committed to the Fiamee^ and 
'confumed from the Earth. Both they and tixek- 
Aftions, far from being meritorious, are, in the Efti- 
mate of Heaven, worthlefs and defpicably mean. 

Ther. What! Are all the noble Anions, per- 
formed by the Advocates for Morality, and Lovers 
of Virtue, worthlefs in themfelves, and defpicable 
before the Supreme BEING? Worthlefs and 
defpicable (grating Words !) only becaufe they ane 
not attended with'the Peculiarities of your Faith ? 
Can the Want of this little Circumftance, change 
their Nature, and turn their Gold into Dro& ? 

Aff. My dear ThePoHy call not the Circumftance 
little. It is fufficient, were your Works more fplen- 
did than Gold, to debafe them into Tin, into Lead^ 
into Drofs. — When the poor Shepherd brought You, 
ycfterday Morning, a Prdcnt of fome Wood-ftraw- 
berries ; bringing them, as an humble Exdreffion of 
bis Gratitude^ they were kindly received.. But, if He 
had offered' them, as a Price fdr your Houfe, or as 
fhc Pur chafe of your Eftate ; how {hould You have 
regarded them, in fuch a Connexion ? No Words 
can exprefs the Difdain, You would have conceived. 
—When Barnabas prefentcd a Sum of Money to the 
Apoftles, for the Supply of their Neceffities, and the 
Relief of indigent Believers * ; it was welcome to 
4 and 

'« ners Tbut, that GOD Almighty has given his SON 

♦* to die for Sinners : and, if they pray to Him, He will 

** forgive their Sins ; will make them holy ; make them 

** happy ; and blefs thfem with all fpiritual Blcffings in 

" CHRIST.'* 
6 • A£ts iv. 37. 


the Siints, and pleafing to their GOD. But, 
Vfrhcn Simon the Sorcerer, offered Jiis Gold to Petit 
and y4ihn ; offering it, not from a Principle of Faith,, 
but as an Equivalent for the H O L Y S P I R I T j 
hot in order to tcftify his Thankfuinefe, but rather 
to play die Huckfter with Heaven 5 it was rejeded. 
widi the utmoft Indignation ♦. 


♦ JSs viii. 20. We have much Talk about Stmim^ 
and Stmoniacal Vr^^iccs. ' The Cafe, I think, is mifan- 
derftood, and the Exprcffion raifapplied. 

The more refi/uJ Species of Simcny, is, the Attempt 
mentioned by jAfpeifio* An £xpe£Utioo and Endeavour to 
procure Union with QHRIST9 the Communication of the 
SPIRIT, and all heavenly Blcffines, by any Works or 
any Righteoufnefs of our own. Which, confidered in 
this Vifw, aip called by Ac Prophets, Monty 4md Pric$, 

The groffer Kind of Simony, feems to be pra^ifed by : 
a certain Court, ftyled Sj^iritualy or EcdefiaftUaL Which 
thunders out Excommunications and Curfes; debars poor 
Creatures from religious Privileges ; . and caufes them to 
be " buried wi^h the 5urial,of an Afs ;" unlefs they pa- ' 
cify their pious Indighatlob, by a little filthy Lucre.^ 
This is the Language of that fame fplritual Judicature. 
•* If Thou wilt lug out a few Crowns or Guineas from ' 
**' thy Purfe, all Ihall be well. Heaven fliall fmiie, and 
<« the Church opens her Arm^ . Whereas, if Thou art 
*' refradlory in this Particular; and unwilling;, or un- 
" able, to comply with our pecuniary Demands ; Thou 
*• art cut off from the Means of Grace. Thou fhalt no 
<« longer hear that Word of the Gofpel, by #hich the 
.** Spirit of Faith cometh. Nor any more be Partaker 
'< of that Sacramental Ordinance, which is a Sign and 
** Seal oi fpiritual Benefits." — Is 'not this a moft infa- 
mous Traffic, whereby facred Things are bought and 
fold ? In the prefent State of Affairs, what can be a nearer 
Approach to the Sin of the mercenary Magician i What 
can be a more indelible Blot on the Purity and Difcipline 
of any Church ? 

Pudet hfc Opprohria Nobis 
Et diet pQtuiJfe^ €f non potuijfe refelli. 

851 DIALOGUE Vll. 

I leaire my Friend to apply the preceding Itrftanc^^ 
Only let me beg of Him to believe ; that, if my Woncfs 
nttgrathigy they are extorted by the Force of TTruth- 
If I am obliged to blame, what He calls good Works ; 
it is, as a great Critic blames Eloquence, ^< with the 
*< Tenderncfeof a Lover." — But my Ceixftiiie fadls 
onlyon their faulty Origifty and unbecoming jfim* 
Let themfpring from the Grace erf CHRIS^^ 
. aSL their Source ; let them propofe the 'Glory of 
CHRIST^ as their End ; th^n, inftead bf ptrttin^ 
a Slight uponthem, or giving them a Bill of Divorce^ 
I would court, carcfs, and* wed them. — ^Whereas, if 
neither this End be kq>t in the View, iiof that Prin- 
cfple operate in the Heart ; I muft periift, in cjUeA- 
tioning the Gcnuinenefs of their Charadler ; nay, in • 
denying the very Eoflibility of their Exiftcnce,^ There 
may be a Adimniry of holy A&ioi^. B|it it is Mi- 
mickry only; empty, as the Conibs ♦ made by 
thofe Wafps ; and unreal, as the IJlame that is 
piiutcd, . • • . . 

I have an' Authority for this Doftrine," which I 
think. You will not offer to controvert. * 

Ther. What Authority ? 

Jfp. That of oyr Church. Who dcclJU"es, in her 
XIIjLth "Article ; «< Works done before the Oiace 
%^ of CHJIIST, and Inrpiratjon of his SPIRIT; 
«* are abt pleafing to GOD ; forafmuch as they 
««/pnng not out of Faith in CHJi/5T'."--'Faith 
in JESUS CHRISTy purifies the Heart. Till 
this be done, the Heart is: polluted j the Mind and 
Confclence are deftled f ; nothing, that We have 
or do, is pure. — ^ written; The LORD had 


• Faciunt & Vefya Favos^ " \ Tit. i, jj. 

D I A LOG U E VH. 353 

^ RtfpfS unto Abel, and to his Offering *. Firft, unto 

I Aheh then, unto his OiFering. The Man muft 

K. be reftored to Favour, before his Duties can4>e re- 

y ceived with Complacency- 

1^ Such a One, You fay, is honeft in his Deatings^ 

I temperate in his Enjoyments, charitable to thePoor. 

I Be it fo« Yet, unlefs thefe (hewy Deeds are re ferre d 

I to the Ghry of the Supreme J E H OVA H ; unlefs 
they flow from Faith in the crucified JESUS \ they 

; tre but the Carcafs of Virtue f* They may be 

" Aas 

* Gen. iv,*4. 

• + TMs great erangeltcal Truth, wiH, probably, be 

. reckoned a hard Sayingf by the carnal Mind ; and may 

I feem a foolifi Notion^ to vain Philofophy. I beg Leave 

t therefore, for its better Reception and firmer Eftablifh* 

I ment, to produce fome of the greatefi Teflimonies in the 

! W(»ld.— 'Let Us hear, what the pious Biihop of St. 

AJdph fays, upon the Snbjefl ; ^at the famous Arch* 

' biihop of ConftantinofU faid, long before Him ; and what 

a whole Synod, or a whole Nation of EccleiiafUcs, a^e 

continually faying, in the Homilies of the Church ot 


*' I can do no good Works at all, before I be firft 
** juftified. My .Works cannot be accepted as good, till 
•* my Perfon be fo. Nor Can my Perfon be accepted by 
« GOD, till firft engrafted into C Hit I ST i before 
** which en^fting into the true Vine, 'tii impoffible 1 
V fhottW bfiBg forth good Fruit.**, Beveri'dgeU Privati 
Thoughts 9 Artie. 8. 

fuSa TO ^auofunt Aa^«/xvo>i;»(* tv^ttmq m»ioxq Qffji^CLBui, lAoi- 
fiovtf^, imoionvn «D^o0«;^o»k(' oXA* |fl^» irtv •it* 'Ottntti aladoy. 

iX*»». Chryfbft. Tom. vi. 

** Faith giveth Life to the Soul ; and they be as much 
<* dead to GOD that lack Faith, as they be to the 
♦« World, whofc Bbdjps lack Souls. Without Faith, all 
*< that is done of Us, is bat dead before GOD, although 

VOL. I. ^ A a •• the 

^54 D I A L O G U E VH- 

/i&s of worldly Policy, of fclfiib,Pjrudcfipc, ox JF^^ 
rifaUal Pride. They ,arc 119 religious S^ryicc^ pffr 
any pJc?Jing,Oblfitio|i to tbc LOJRP Alwfg^ty ?* 
—Nay ; inftead of being A£b of Ob?dicpcCj» «ic| 
Objeds 0/ Approbation, tb^y.ftand co^emapd ia 
the Scripture, and jtre Brcacbc? of ^p.^Comma^;;* 
jnent.. They ftand condemned in that Scriptuxc^ 
iRfhichdcQlaresj ff^th^ut F^itb h is mp/jffiilf ta jjg^ 
GOD t- They ^re Breaches of tbat;(iommanfl- 
ment, ivhich requires ; ffnietbefX^ f^r^ordri^y.^j^ 
ivhaifoever Ye do^ do all to the Glory of GOD t* . . 

TTser* Who can .bclicye . jhis, that confides 
the intrinfic Ex;ceUqn<jy of .Viuuc fiX^ . v[Kttt9«» 
^£l5ons ? ^ . . , r 

Afp. Who can difbelieve it, .that copfidprs flie 
preceding Declarations of Scripture ?. i^nd c>bferyes, 
how GOD has confirmed by his Proyi^enjC^j wjif^t 
He has declared in Ws Word. Behdld Ifira^l ifttr 


** the Work feein never fo g^y and gloriooa Jw^cpefllaii.? 
Homily on Faith, 

* Might not this Obiervation be made, ^i^h gseat 
Propriety, in ovlt infirmary and other charitable Serynpns ? 
^hoold not the Audience be exhorted to abound in Ads 
of BeiKVpIence, frnm^frate/ul Regard to the m&vkdy^ 
merciful and condefcending JESUS? z Cor. viU^.p.--* 
ghould they not,' before all Things, be dire^^ '^ ^^^ 
fore their Intercft in the REDEEfMER's Merits » 'Ait 
their Paribus may £nd FaTotrr, and their fiAm^ Accep- 
tance, E/fh. i. 6.— Should -they jaot be admoni&iJ^t.tliat, 
without this believing 4pplica^i$nXo <^fIRIS T^ wh^t^ver 
they do, >yhatevcr they give, is worthlcfs in the Eye of 
ftieir MAKER, and will be frultlefs to their own Souls l 
Heb. xi. 6.— In this Refpeft our SAVIOUR was emi- 
nently typefied by the Je^ijh Altar. On which ettery 
Sacrifice, by whomfocvcr brought, ivas to be qjercd. 
And feparate from which no Sacrifice, however cqftly, 
could be accepted, Expd. %%m 24. Levit- xvii. 5, 4. 
t H^; xi. 6» X I Cor. X. 3;.. 

DM A L O G U E VII. S5$ 

the Flejh. Tbcy had, what You will reckon greater 
than Sincei-ity, a Zeal for COD ♦. Yet, not be* 
ling according to Knowledge^ the Knowledge of Jufti- 
fication by the Righteoufiiefs of CHRIST; it was 
as if they ofFered Swine's f'lefh, or cut off a Dog's 
Neck; affronting and offenfive to the HOLY 
ONE.— Nay; they ferved GOi> intenfely \ and 
affiduoufly ; fcrvcd Him, the Apoftle affirms, Night 
and DcQ. Yet, not ferying Him as Sinners, re- 
deemed .by CHRIST; but rather as Righteous 
Pcrfons, who would be their own Redeeniers; all 
their Toil was unacceptable and unprofitable. 
With all this f arade of Services, they were rejefted 
by JE H O VA H, and call out fropi his Prefence, 
** like an abominable Biranch/* 

Upon the Whole : Shall We fubmit to the Deter- 
mination of our eftablifhed Church ? Shall We ac- 
quiefce in theDecifion of our Diyine MASTER ? 
Then We muft acknowledge; That there is no 
fuch Thing as a good Work, till We arc reconciled 
to G O D ; till our Perfons arc accepted through 
CHRIST. — ^Therefore,, to reprefent our owa- 
Works, as the Means ot Reconciliation and Ac«» 
ceptanc^ is both chimerical and abfurd. Chimeric 
caly becaufc it builds upon a Phantom ; and takes 
for a Reality, what has no Epciftence. Abfurd^ be- 
caufe \% inverts the natural Order of Things ; and 
would make the Effed, antecedent fo the Caufe. 
I might add, idolatrous alfo^ . hecawte it pays tp^-the 
Performances of a Creature, wjiat i^ referred. t^holly 
for th^ Rigbt?Quf«efs of our iucai-nate GOD. 

A a Jt Ther. 

• Rom. X. 2. t Afts xxvi. 7. B» m^m. • 

356 D I A L O G U E YIL 

Tljer. Before Wc quit this agreeable Retreat, let 
me aide my Afpafa ; What He propofes^ by ruoamg 
down all thofe Works, which are the Pro4itce of 
inward Religion, and eflential to. true Hqlinefs? 
Whofe Excellency is difplayed in the defirefi^ and 
whofe Neccffity is urged in the ftrongefi Xorms, 
throughout the whole Bible. . , .. 

Aff. I am far from running down fuch Wqrks^ as 
are the Produce of inward RjeJigion ; ^d therefore 
.may be juftly ftylcd, Wovh of Faith y andj^bai^s of 
Love *.-*-But I would caution my Thivoriy ^d I 
would myfelf take care, that our Works be accom- 
panied with thofe Circumftances, which alooie can 
render them truly gpod. Let them arife from FaHhj 
and bear witnefs to Lovi^ or elfe We fliall haveTZj/?/f j 
injlead of Wheats and Cdckle inji^ad of Barley f • 

Perform them, in Obediei>ce to a feconciled 
GOD, and out of Gratitude to a reconcilmg S.A- 
V I O U R, then they are gejiuine, thj^ arq valu- 
able. Attempt them, ia order to be accepted by 
your MAKER, and obtain eternal Life^ then 
they are fpurious, they are pernicious. In the for- 

* Works of Faithy and Labours of Love^ i Tlieff/i. 3. 
How finely are good Works charadbcrized, in this Place! 
Though it be pnly en pajfenty tranfietitly, or. by the by. 
And how judicioufly are the /rvf diltinguifhed from the 
counterfeit ! Works, which are done in Faith ; Worfo, 
which proceed from Love ; thefe, and thefe only, the 
Apoftle Agnifies, are really good. — As a fpacious River, 
though prefling forward to the Ocean, nouriihes many a 
fair Plant ; and fuckles many a fweet Flower, by the 
Way. So the facred Writers, though principally intent 
(as here) upon fome different Point ; yet drop incidentally 
fuch valuable Truths, as chear the Believer's HeaH) and 
make glad the City of our GOD. 

t Job xxxi. 40* 

BI A L O G U E VIL 357 

I itecr Cafe, they arc like a Candle fct on a Candle- 

I ftick ; in the latter, «they are like a Torch placed 

I in the Thatch. 

f T^. In what RefpeAs can they be pernicious ? 

Jfp. I will mention two.*— .We fliall never be like 

\ the Church, who comes up from the Wildemefs^ lean-- 

1 ing upon her Beloved * 5 fo long as We bolfter up 

I Ourfelves, with a Conceit of perfonal Righteoufnefs* 

I This was the Error, the fetal Error of the Pharifees. 

This the Film, which blinded the Eyes of their 

Mind ; and fealed them up, under the Darknefs of 

final Unbdief. 

Befides, my dear Itheron : If You expefl: tq be 
faved by your own Duties, You will be loth to fee 
the worft of your Condition, To fee the worft of 
your Condition, will be a Dagger to your Hopes, 
and as Death to your Soul. You will therefore be 
inclined to daub mth untempered Mortar f^ Inftead 
of acknowledging the deep' Depravity of your Na- 
ture, and the numbei'lefs Iniquities of your Life, You 
will invent a thoufand Excufes, to palliate your 
Guilt. And, by thia Mean?, ere<a a IVall of Par^ 
titioHy between your Soul and the Merits of your 
REDEEMER- Which will be a greater Incon- 
venience, a more deftrudlive Evil, than to cut off 
all Supply of Provifion from an Army encahiped, 
or even to intercept the Sun-beams from vifiting the 

Ther, Now you talk of Armies, I muft obferve 5 
That, though I have fcarce been ablo to kcq> my 
Ground, in this argumentative Aftion, I cannot 
allow You the Honour of a Viilory. As Tf, Retreat 
is very diflferent from a Rout. 
I Aa3 jt/p. 

• Cant. viii. j. f Back. xiii. lo. 


JJ^. I would alfo remark,; that my jfrien^ has 
changed the intended Plan of our Operations. Has 
almoft continually aftcd upon the Ojfenjivi^ ^ViiiJc 
my Part has been only to fuftaih the Shock. At 
our next Encauhter, You may expeft to have the 
Order of Battle rcverfed. I ihall direft my Forces 
to begin the Charge. Put Yourfelf therefore in 
Readinefs for a brijk Attack. 

Ther. You z& the fair Enemy, Jfpafto^ I mufl 
confefs ; in thus giving the Alarm, before You WAke 
the Aflault- 

jlfp. This Hoftility may appear yiir^ry?///, when 
I afjure You, that my Weapons aim not at the De- 
ftru£Uon of your Comfort, or the Demolition of 
any valuable Interefk Only they woujd be mightf^ 
through G OD^ to full down the StrMg-bolds of Un- 
belief } and hring evirj felf-exalting, every rebellious 
Thought J active unto CHRIST^. Captive, in a* 
profefiiDd Suhmiffion to his Righteoufnefe, as .well as 
a dutiful Subjeftion to his Commands.--'And, when 
fuch is the Tendency of the Campaign, it will be 
your greateft Advantage, to lofe the Vidlory +• It 
will be better than a Triumph, to acknowledge 
Yourfelf vanquifhed. 

*. Z Cor. X' 4, $• f Efiy ow tum J^9 f$p^ ffhaSv^ 



T M E R O K. 

UR laft Convcrfation ended with a 
Challenge. To decline or delay the 
Acceptance of it, would look lik^ Cow- 
ardice in me, and be a Piece of Injuf- 
ticc to You, J/paJia* Therefoi:e, I 
am now ready to giv^ You all the Satisfai£tion, 
which a Gentleman can demand. — Only as the 
Weather continues hazy, I believe, my Stiufy muft 
be the Place of Aftion. 

jt/}>. A Challenge! Tb^ron^ 
Ther. What, Sir ! Do You boggle ? Would You 
eat your Words, and play the Poltroon ? 

Afp^ Perhaps, I may have an Inclination to follow 
the Example of a Brother Hero ; who ran away from 
the Field of Battle, juft as his Comrades were ad- 
vancing to charge the Enemy. And when called to 
an Account for his Behaviour, right worthily al- 
Icdged i That his Retreat * proceeded, not from 


* ,k^reaf^-Bengelius thinks, there is fuch an Air of 

Seiradulaiion, and vain Pretence, in the Word ufed by 

A a4 the 


any Timidity of .Mind ^- na»: but from a Concern 
for the pttblic GoQ<}» » ^*, J!or, quoth Htf, if tfaen^ 
^< had :knocked my 6rain$ out to-day, how fhoajd 
<' I have been able U9 fight for my Oountcy co- 
<« mcarow?*' .. , :: 

You fmUe) TTreronf.zt my doughity Wacriocy auid 
his fagc Maxim. — But, fmce You have glanced at a 
certain modijb Cuftom, give me' Leave very feribaHy 
t0 afltirc You ; That, if the Affair wa& to be deter«- 
mined by Sw^d and Pifiol, I fliould reckon fucfa a 
Condudy a refolute Refitfal at leaft, not at all uti- 
manly, but the truly wife and gallant Behaviour. 
For furcly, it can never be an Inftance of Wifdom, 
to haaard^my Life^ at the mere Caprice of a turbu- 
lent Ruffian J who is a Stranger to all the Principles 
of -Humanity and Generoftty, but a Slave, an aban* 
doned Slave, to his own ungovernable Paifions.— -- 
Surely, 'it can never be an A& of real Bravery, to ex« 
pofc ^;;Perfon; becaufe feme fool-hardy Praftitioner 
in the Fencihg-fchool, is dcfpcrate enough to rifk his* 
—The Gentleman, the trueGentlcman, (hould exert 
a becoming Dignity of Spirit j and fcorn to fet his 
Welfare on a Level, with that of an inconfiderate 
and barbarous Bully *. , ... 

* . »' tier. 

the unclean Spirit, Maif. xii. 44. E{»jXOoy, exi*vi. Sic 
loquitur, quqfi non ejeftum. Vide Svperhiam I He fays not, 
I was caftj^^ h\Mlcame9UU He.coqld not brook the 
former. ExpreiEon, His Pride was. too/great torconfefs 
the Truth, oi^ to i*' decide the Thing as it m'* '■ ^ 

* jf/pafio C9lh tlie^Pfffpn M^ givt6 the Challenge, a 
Bully* And fuch, notwith{landin|; all^ the-MastinuHof 
fantaftipal an4 falfe Hortow, He Will cextainly he^fbittid, 
when tried at tbc^flar of Reaforn or JUflioe. For, if the 
moft impetuous,, ifi^atiooal^ and bratal Barharity it al- 
lowed to conftitute a Bully, He ha» an indifpuuble Title 


i ThifV But Honour, my Afpafio^ Honour i^ at ftak^: 

\ Better to lofe our Life, than forfeit our Reputatioh. 

I Better to be in a Grave, than to be the Jeft of every 

1^ CofFee-houfe ; and perhaps pointed at, as We pafs 

the Streets, for mean-fpirited, Iheaking, or, as the 
I Gehtiemen of the Sword fo elegantly fpeak, white- 

livered Animals. 
I Jfp. Forfeit our Reputation ! Amongft whom, 1 

Ibefeoch You ? — A few rafli and precipitate Crea- 
tures : The Pupils of La Manchd% Knight : The 
Sons of Chimera * and Cruelty. Who, by affoci- 
" ating the Notion of Cowardice, with the Prailice 
of forgiving Injuries } Have attempted to bring into 
Difrepute, the moft generous A£k of the human 
Mind, Whofe Principles are, I fay not, a Depar- 
ture from the Precepts of Religion, but a Difgrace 
to Rea(bn, and the Reproach of common Senfe. 
Whofe Applaufe, therefore, is Infamy; aiid their 
Detrafldon the higheft Praife they can beftoww: 

From every judicious and worthy Perfon, your 
ConduA will be fure to gain Approbation, and 
your Chara<^er Efteem. When Cafar received a 
Challenge from >f«/Atf«y, to engage Him in fingle 
Combat, He very calmly anfwered the Bearer of the 
Meffage; ^Anthony U weary of Lifey tell Him, 
there are other Ways to Deaths bejides the Point of my 

to the Charafter ; who, on account of a mere Punaifio, 
or fome flight Affront, would deftroy a Life, whith might 
be of Service to Ssdety-^migYit be a Bleffiitg to various 
Relatiwes'^ intimately conncftcd with a bli&ful or 
miierable Immortality, 

* This Kind of Gentry are ftyled — in a Book, with 
which they have little or no Acquaintance ; but whoie 
Maxims will be had in Reverence, when their Names are 
loft in ObliTion *— ymf *t^ Tie Sons of Blufter^ or The 
Children of Noife^ Jcr. xlviii. 45. ^ 

^fe DTAjLOOi/E vnn 

Su;W.— ^Who ever denied this>« $rmeiiH^irie«^ 'or 
fneaking Behaviour ? All Ag^s ba\^ admired ic^ 
the Refolution of a dtjkreet and gallant Mad*; ^ wr|%^ 
was feafihleof hk'OMTArlinportaKioei 1^4 kMwiiow* 
to treat the petulant^nd revengefuMiumourofW^if*- 
contented Adverfaiy with its deierved Contemj^ 

Barely to lofe our IM^ i« the fmali^ft of -thbfe- 
Svils^ which attend, this uulchievous Praftiicei^-^Ie 
is pregoantwith'4long9 ah ahnoft endlefs Traift of 
Friends^ Aflbciates, and fhe Commuhity-^i^It^is Rit 
infallibie £Kt>edieht) to be deprived of die Favour 
of ttle infiAite GOD, tad* to be excluded from the 
Joy« of his eternal Kingdom^«^It.i» the ready Way,' 
to b^ome an Objedof Abhorrence to the Angels of - 
Light ; and be made the LaugHing^ftock of Devils, 
in their Dungeons of Darknefs *. Shame^ everlaft- 
ing Sfisime, JhaHbs the Reward of fuch Gallantry, 
tb^ Prctmfhn of fuch Foi^f^ 


• « Let me tell You with Confidence/* (fays a^ eie- 
cellent ^erfon, addreiCfig Himfelf to one of th'efe un* 
\kV^^y Defperados) '•* that all Duels, or fi ngle Combats/ 
** are murderous ; blanch them over (how You lift) with' 
** Namea of Honour, and honeft Pretences, their Ufeii 
«' fwifui; and their Nature dcvilifli." See the felcd 
Works of Bifhop Hall, in one Volume; Fol. pag. 526. 
Where the Reader will find a happy Mixture of true; 
OraiQryf and found DMnityi a rich Vein.of /"iza^i, and 
a fweet Spirit of Piitjj^ ; Contemplations upon the HlRo- , 
ries of Scripture, (which, I think, are our Prelate's jMa-, 
fter-piece) almoft as entertaining and inftruSlivey as the 
Subjects ill unrated are important and wonderful .-^Not- 
withftanding a few iliiF or antique Phrafes, I cannor bot 
cfteem the Works of this Author, among the moft ya« 
luable Compofitions extant in our Language. 

t Prev. Hi* 35. 

D t At O G U E Vin. 3tj 

i 7ber. With rsgftrd to this Point, I am entirely of 

i^ your Opkiibn, Jfpajuf 5 however I inay <fififer in other 

1 Particulars. 

* y^. Say You (oytheranf Would Tou then tamely 

i fubmlt to Affronts, Infult^, and Afiaults? 

I Thir. As to the trifling Affronts of a pecviih in<- 

I continent Tongue, t would treat them With a fu- 

n > pertor Scorn« When thus treated, they are furc t© 

I recoil, with the keeneft Edge, and fcvereft Wtighf, 

I upon the impotent Malice which offers them. The 

! Wretch fliould fee, that I could pity his Mifery, 

and fmile at his Folly .r— But with regard to Aflaults'^ 

efpecially thofe of a capital Nature, the Cafe is 

otherwife. Should any cme offer Violence to my 

Perform, it is at his Peril. He would find, and per- 

^ haps to his Smart, 

. Ei Nos Tela ManUj Perrumque baud debile D.extra 
SpargimuSf ^ nojiro feq^tur de Yulnert Sanguis *. 

Here, the fundamental and everlafting Law of Self- 
prifervation calls upon Us to play the Man. And I 
am furc, Chriftlanity does not require Us, to yield! 
our Throats tp the Knife^ ojr open our Br?afts,t» 
the Dagger. 

But 'to retirc~to delibwte— <to fit down — and in- 
dite 2. formal Challenge~fecm3 to me altogether as 
favage and iniquitous, as to aiTauU on the Htighway. 
— rHe that demands my Money on the Road, or ex-' 
torts it by an incendiary Letter,* or defcbys me Into 
the Snare by ^ fbrgied and counterfeit Jsfdte! ; is ftig- . 
ma^ti^ for a Villain ^ i^ abhorred by. i^Mfiry Perfoa 
of Integrity I and, whem'dete^ied^.-is'VMwas'ded with 
I a-Halter. Whyftbuld^We reekbtf^heHead-^ftrong 

I ,. ' Bravo 



Braya lefs injurious ? Who makes his Attempt xipowL 
my very Life ; and thirds, with infatiable Fuxjr, £>r 
my Blood ? 

Af^. He allows You a fair Chance ; it is C^d. • 

Ther. A Chance ! Of what ?— Either of falliog 
a Sacrifice to his Rage, or of imbruing my Hands 
in his Blood, Which is neither more norleis, thaui 
reducing me to a Neceifity, of launching into Dam- 
xiation niyfelf, or of trajifmitting a Fellow-creature 
to eternal Vengeance. — And is this an Exteniza* 
tion ? Tins a mitigating Circumftance ? It really 
proves the Pradice fo inexcufably wicked, that no* 
thing can be pleaded in its Defence. The very Ar- 
gument) ufed to juftify the horrid Deed, iofiames 
its' Guilt and aggravates its Malig&xty. 

'Tis Pity) but the ItgiilUtive Authority wouM iii« 
t^^rpoiit, for dt^ SuppreffioQL of fiich a flagrant Wibng 
to Society, and fuch a notorious Violatioo of our 
benign Religion, Why fliould not the Laws de- 
clare it Felony^ to make the firft Overture for a 
Duel ? Since it is always more heinous, and fre- 
quently more pernicious. Is always Murder in the 
Intention, and frequently iflues in double Deftruc- 
tion : the One, infli£^ed by the Stab of Violence; 
the Other, executed by the Sword of Jufticc. 

Might it not, at leaft bt branded with fomfe Mafic 
of public Infamy, or fubjeftcd to a fevcre pecuniary 
MulSi? So that a Gentleman of Spirit and Temper 
might have it in his Power to ru^turn the Compli- 
ment of a challenging. Letter with (pme fuch An- 

SIR, , / •' ''';v. 

** However meanly You may thijifc ef Your Life, . 
" I fet too high a Value upon mine^ to expofe it as 
a "^ 

D I A L O G U E VIII. , 365 

" a Mark for undifciplined and outrageovs Paffions. 
^ ' i< — ^Neither have I fo totally renounced all that ii 

V ' ^ -humane, benevolent, or. amiable, as to dr^w my 

•* Sword for your DeftruSion, becaufc, You have 
' *' F fit iT been overcome by precipitate and unrea- 

' ** fonible Refentment. — Yqm have given me an 

I * .< «ic« Opportunity of afting the Gentleman and the 
k ^u Chriftian. And this Challenge I accept; as a 

I '^^ Note under your Hknrd for five hundred Pounds ♦ 5 

I ** wWch ^11 inery foon b^ demanded, according tp 

1 '- S I Ry 

• Afp. But to rcfuine the proper. Subjeft-^^the Na- 
ture of our Engagement. Which. I now recoiled, 
and which was explained, wh^i I ventured ta give^ 
what You call the Chalkage.-*^ As it is not my The^ 
rofiy but the Obftades of his Faith, and the Ene- 
mies of his Felicity, which I am to encounter j per- 
haps, I Ihall have Courage to ftand my Ground. 


• Might not the Refufer of a Challenge be dignified 
with fome honorary Diftin£ti<m, refemblin? the Ci<vtc 
Crown among the anticnt Romans? Since, \y his cool 
and temperate Bravery, fie faves one Life from the 
Swordt another from th$ Halter.— -Was fome honorary 
DiiUndlion on the one hand> united to a pecuniary For- 
feiture on the other, I cannot but thinlc, they would 
prove an efleflual Method to check the Progrefs of this de- 
ftf unlive Evil. It would break the Teeth of Malice with 
•her own Weapons, and turn the Artillery of Revenge 
upon Herfelf. Thefe deteilable Paffions would be loth 
to indulge themfelves in this horrid Manner, if it was 
• made the fure Way to ennoble and enricif the Objeft of 
tkdr Rage-*-JV, B. The Civic Crown wa? an Ornament 
affigned to thofe Soldiers, who had in Battle lefcued a 
Fellow-citizen from impending Death. 

3^6 P I A L O G U E VIIL 

AxAf inftcad of violattng all the Obllg^oas of 
iEquity, Honefty, and Coufcieijcc, I ftaH.c^tainly 
tyid^nce my Love to my friend i nay poftbljr pr^- 
motie his trueft Ooodr 

SrS^. I don't fee, how this can be eScS^s ' %^ 
your late Attempt. Yqu attempted to rundown nH 
Work^ of Righteoufnefe, as. abfoluteljr unaMe to (knd 
Acceptance with GOD^ and equ^JIy infufficient to 
fecommend Us to his.Favt>ttn>— It is forth© Credit 
of ^efe, which Afpafio has depreciated, that I enter 
the Lifts. 

Jfp. I attempted to prove, That no human Works 
(hould pretend to die Honour of jnftifying Us, either 
in Whole, or in Part. Becaufe— this would be an 
Ufurpation of the REDEEMER'S Office-^his 
would overthrow the Gofpel-method of Juftifica^ 
tion, which is by imputing Righteoufnefs tuithotet 
Works * — this, inftead' of excluding, would intro- 
duce Boafting. And oppofe, if not defeat, the 
grand Defign of JEHOVAH, in the Salvation 
•f Sinnera; which is, to difplay the infinite Riches 
•f his Grace. 

When any Works are attended "nixh/uch Cir- 
cumftances, I cannot but wonder, to hear them 
called Works of Rightcoufnefs. I am at a Lofs to 
conceive, how they can themfelves be acceptable ; 
much more, how they can recommend a Trahfgrcf- 
jfor tp.the Favour of GOD.— Nay, I hear our di- 
vine MASTER pofitively and peremptorily de- 
claring, that they are, not good, but evil. The 
^ World hateth rruy becmfe I tejlify ofiu thfit theWorh 
thereof are evil f . 

• Rom. iv. 6, f John yii. 7. 

Scruple to indulge Luft or ReyeJ^ge;. ow|iimtti«g, 
A^^t^nw'^iufl:^?^ 9r.wl»iwer gratified a vicious 
Indipafipft. . , / 

^^^^Ap^fsua^Yo}^^}^^^ of the 

Jn# t^ GQD, iliQi4ld>e/ent.from the iicjfven 
•f Heavens, only totell People that Revenge and 
^ifftfiy ar(e^^yilf ,Qr does the. World Jiatc a 
]?eribn, for inveighing againft Licentioufnefe and 
grofe Inrnaorality I No, 27vr«» ; the Works, againft 
which our LOJR.P teftified; tfie Works, which 
• He.9^pf]ffcd a^ evil; were the very beJiJy^eA^ 
both of J^tt/i and Gentiks* Thofe, for which they 
apprpyed .and v^ued thep^felves; in which they 
^Iprjed* aijd on which they trufted. Thi»Tefti-> 
mQ9y, be^ng fo b^rd upon all-huinan Excellency, 
affronted their Pride, and inflamed their Refent- 
ment 5 ^ it f«cms to .haye enkindled a little Warmth 
in. my. ,Ffien4's Temper. . 

However, as You apprehend fome Injury done to 
the Credit of )>uman Wp^rka, let Us, as We lately 
promifed, give the Matter a fair Hearing,— What 
is the Standard, ,to which thefe Works of Righte- 
oufnefs muft be conforiped; apd by which their 
SufKcIency may be determined.? 

Ther. The moral Lavi^ doub tlefs j I other 
Standard ^f Righ.teoufnefs, nor any other Way of 
becoipihg righteous. 

4ff* * y^H^t WiJ U I feqRe, ^ ere Jong, be acquainted 
with another Way. ' You will know, what that 
meajjeU^, which is fpoken by the Apoftle ; With the 
Heart Man »Ei;,iEyETH unto Righteous- 

... 3 NESS. 


NESS ♦.—At prcfait, I agree to your ProjK>£U. 
Wc will join iffue on tills Footing! and try ibe 
Merits of our Caufe, before tki Tribunal ot\he 
Law. Yourfelf fliall be the Judge, I will on ty klfc 
your Opinion, and refer myfelf to your Decifi^t- 
—You fee, I am foon weary of the military SqtIc. 
I had obtruded myfelf on a Part, which I was^not 
qualified to tSt ; and now refume a more becboun^ 

T%er. If You place me on the Bench, .1 fliair 9U 
low of no fuch Digrcffionsi but fliall keep You 
clofe to the Subjeil. 

' Jfp. Has your Lordfhip then confid^rcd the Na^ 
ture of the divine Law, and the Extant of its Qh- 
ligations ? • / " 

Ther. It obliges all Perfons, and comprizes the 
TPTfole Duty of Mankind. It forbids all Immoral!^ 
and enjoins every Virtue.— Are not thefe your^e^* 
timents? .... 

Jfp. They are, when fomewhat enlarged-— Thy 
Empire of the Law, as prohibitory of Evil^ ext^^ds 
both to the outward and inward Man. It takesc€{^ 
nizance of the Anions. It judges <eveiy Word. All 
the Operations, and all the Difpoiltions of the SquJ^ 
come under its facred Jurifdidion.-;— It is indeed a 
Difcerner, not only of the working Thoughts, Iw^t 
:^fo of the dawning Intentions ^ and arra^gn^ tl^m . 
both at its awful Bar. // pieras even tothJi^fidi^g 
afundir of the Soul and Spirit t» Not the inmoft Re^ 
ceffes of the BreaA, are too deep for it^ Penptn^ott* 
nor all the Artifices of the c^ecoit^ul ^e^ toQi jK}btIe 
for its Deteftfon.-^Other Laws foiiid the-unclcap 
A(X; this condemns the, wanton Eye, and irreguj^ 

* Roju. X. 10. f Heb. iv. 19* * 

DIALOGUE Vin. 359 

Defire. Other Lawsr punifhtlie injurious Deed ; 
this pztks Sentence on die unguarded Sallies of Paf« 
fion, arid the moft fecret Emotions of Refentment. 
So eminently true Is that Remark of the Pfalmtjiy 
Thy Commandnunts are exceeding broad* l-^TtW m« 
How, Therofij has your Obedience been commenfo- 
rate with this cxtenflve Platform of Duty ? 
Ther. If the Law be fo very extenfive-^ 
Afp. Nay, my Friend, You cannot fufpecl, that I 
. have ftretched, to an undue Extent, the Obligations 
of the divine Law. Since this Interpretation is efta- 
blifhed by an Authority, toe great to be controverted; 
too clear to be mifunderftood ; even by the Authority 
of CHRIST Himfelf. Whofe Sermon upon the 
Mount, is a profefled Expoiition of the Command^ 
ments; and maintains, In the moft explicit Man- 
ner, 21II that I have advanced.— -So that, if oUr 
LORD*is Expofition is juft; it will be neither rafh, 
nof uncharitable to fay \ There is not a Man upon 
Earth, but has broke them alL 

Tber. Are We all Idolaters then? All Adulterers? 
AU Murderers ?' Shocking to imagine ! 

jlj^. It is flxockI;ig, I confefs. — But how much 
more fliocking to true Religion, and to common 
Senfc, if fuch Delinquents cxpeft Juftlfication by 
Aeir own Deeds ? 

Tber. This is no Proof of your Aflertion, my 
j^ood Friend. - 

Afp. To be fond of Gold ; to be enamoured with 
the World ; to love any Creature more than the 
evcr-bleffed CREATOR; are Inftances of Ido- 
latry f, not quite fo grofs, but altogether as real, as 
to fet up Idols in our Temples, or pay Afts of Ado- 
VoL. L B b raiipa 

• Pfid. pcix. 96* f Col. iii. 5. Phil. iii. 19* 

g^7a I> I A ^ O P U E yiU- 

ration ta fenfclefs Imagss... Have Voil always, beeil 
freey from^thia Afafiacj of. the Aff&Bimi ? 

Our iirfattible T E/A G HER has. infownca Usv 
That uareafoaable Angcr,co«ttttiptuou^Languagev 
ttn3 malevolent Wi(hes *,. arc each ^ Species o£ 
Murder \ and not raahy^RetHo^Tes from the Aflaffih^ 
deadly Stab. Have You been alvirays meek, always 
benevolent, and wVer chargeable with this mental 

We ar« farther afiured^ That the Indulgence ofr 
ino£dif|at??Defire is,* m the im^mthl Eftimateof 
Heaven, a$ the Commiifion of the impvire Peed t«. 
And evil Concttpifcenccs. of every Kind, violates 
that facred Preoept,, Ihufiak H$t€^a^t^ Haa yoitr 


* Matt; V. 22. t Matt. y. ag. , 

t' Rtm. viii 7. J^afio^sOlaktYSt^on tiriags to'myjRcr 
memhranoe a remttrJ^aiU htident*, ivhioh^ as iris 'potter 
pertinent to^our PW.pofe, the Reader wiU al]6w ffie to 
rdat». It pafTed between a Friend of mine, attd a "ccr-^ 
tain ingenioQS Stranger^ into whofe Company He hap«^ 
pfaed to faHi— The Gerttlemaa; Wal ^ttolfi^gj at a livilh 
Rale, theVirtaeof &0ff^.* what a Di^uty it imparted 
to^ur Nature ! Hbtv it recommended Us to the Sonreme 
B*'Fl«C !- Hc'cdnirmfed'^r fey acefcBrkted^Ehie fit)m 

Sir, replied my Friend, however excelFent the Vlr^0: 
oRHone%^may be^ I fear, tfterdaire very* fcfv Men in 
the World, tKat really poffefs it;— Yon furprife me^ M* 
th* St«*n|»er*r-Ignordnt as I aitf'bf yOinr Cha^tSbtf. Slf/ 
I^fanfy, it would be no difFvcnlt Matter, to pr<:fveeveii 
nu a tiimonell Man.— I My, You.'^Wni ^u give rii^* 
leave then, to afe Yoo-i^Qoeftltto cw-tWoj ^fjd^irfonBffi' 
not to be effetodisfd ?Jr-Aflt*yout Qgcftions, ttDd^wfleonw;- 
~H^ve you' never met with an/Opportu(tiity of gettmg^ 
Gain by fome iJr^^'Ji^ Means ?— The Gentleman paufcd- 
—1 doii't aik, Whethei' Yiu xhade ufitK butwh^tKer 

D i A L O G UE VIII 371 

Will b*een ihvariably upright, ^d w^fped with no 
uttgiil^, Inqlination ? Are You wholly unpolluted 

. l-wait not for a Reply. I Have often heard Yo^ 
fUadCuilty to. ail~yc5, to airaiicf every c{ th^fc 
Charges refpedlively. 

TZ^r, Where, aiid when, j^a/h? 

j/p. In the moft venerable Place, and on th^ moft 
(blcmn Occafion* And nbt Yoii only, but a wKole 
Multitude' of felf-cohdemned Criminals. —' Our 
jChurcKi -You know,. Has engrafted the Decalogue 
into her jJubKc Service j and taught all her Mem- 
bers to anfwer, after the Repetition of each Com- 
ffiaridment; LORD, have Mercy upon Us, and in" 
dine our If earls to keep this Law. Is there any Senfe 
irt thefe Words ? Or have We any Meaning, when 
We utter them ? If We have, furely they mutt im- 
ply an Acknowledgrae'nt of Difobedience in every 
Particular. — ^The Criminal arraigned' at the Bar, 
n^er falls on his Kinees and craves Forgivenefs, 
fib'2 ^ tUI 

Ypu have met with, fuch Oppommity ? I, for lay Part, 
have ; and, I believe, every Body elfc has.— Yerjr prO^ 
bably I may. — How did You feel Your Miad afieded, 
oh fach ah Occafion ? Had You no iecret Defire, not thp 
liafl Inclination) to feize the Advantage which oiFered ? 

Jell me, without any Evaiion, and coofi0ently with the 
harader You admire?— LmuftackG0vyle4gCi I have n^- 
always been abfolutcly free from every irregtil^ IncHna- 
ttoni but— Hold, Sir'; none of your Salvos* You, have 
opnfeffed enough.- If Yon had tlic Defire^ tl^ough You* 
never proceeded to the Adidn» this ihews You .was dif* 
honeft m'licart.^ This i» what die Scriptp"C calls ,C6»- 
eujti/cence, tt defiles the Sbal. . It is a Breach of that^ 
taw, which requireth ^rutb in the inner Parts,- And, un» 
left Yoa are pardoned through the Blood of CHRMK 
ijvill be a ju(t <jfround of your Condemnation, 'when 
GOD Jhalljvdge the Secrets of Mem 

^72 Dl AL OG UE .VIJI; 

till He dtber coiiftflfo or i« ponvi^cj* . Ti^^.thfii 
muft be the Purport of our Refponfe, *« We^a^c 
^* verily guilty concermug ibis Thing- And wc 
<^ humbly implore both pardoning M^rcyfoi: 0ie 
<« paft, and ftrengthening Grace for th^ future.". 

Give me leave to urg« rby Queftion a^ UtUe far-^ 
ther.-<^Is iJiere ^^faagU Day^ in which You haye pot 
tranfgrtffed, fom€ Way or other, this faqrcd Rule,? 

Tb€r^ If the Law of GOD »iU difpcnfe with m 
Deviation, not even in the firft S.tart9 of TlM>ug^t 
— ifiut furely to affirm this, is to extend iS^t l>aw 
beyond all reafonable Bounds. The MoGons of 
evil Defire, if indulged^ are undodbtedly cringinal. 
But are they alfo, when ryhainedy Breaduts of 
Duty ? I fhould rather imagine, that fuch Tempta* 
tions are thrown in our Way, for the Trial of oor 
Obedience^ Which, had they no Power over oilr 
AfFedions, would not be Trials } .and, when^thdy 
are refolutely withftood, cannot be Faults. 

Jfp, What was the Judgment of our Refotmcrt ? 
And what is the Voioe of our ChurchJ- We may 
find both in the Ninth Article. *' Although there 
^< is no Condemnation for than that believe and are 
<« baptifed^ yet the Apoflle doth confefs^ That Con- 
" cupifcence and Luft hath of itfclf the Nature, of 
*' Sia/' Itisnotfaid, Concupifcencehath*&^»o»^ 
the Nature of Sin, when* it is ripened into A6Uon j 
but of iifeify and before it breaks out into the Com- 
miffion of Iniquity. Of i^ contrary to the* 
pure Nature, and therefore cannot hut be condemned 
by the perfeft Law of GOD. 

8*/A This I can truly plead in my own Behalf; 
That it has not been cuftomtry with me to offen4 ; 


01 ALOGUE VIII. 5^^ 

tt leftft not prefimptuoujlf^ tit pf 4eliberate Wicfe- 
iediiefs, ' 

Aff. My dear Th&$nj danot offer to pqlliau ydir 
6uitt, Suckan O^kte may ftupify, but will not 
cure : br rather^ like Opiates ill prepared, it will in- 
'^ toxicate the Mlnd^ and counteraft the Operation of 
lively healing MediGine,— Befides, it is not only perr 
nitious, but falfe and unreafonable* You know the 
^- Ufe of that^ifer Mtctofiopej and ate ^le to inform 
me of Its EffeSisr. 

' Ther. I ought to be pretty well acquainted with 
thefe Experiments ; fince it has long been itny fa- 
vourite Diverfion, to employ a few fpare Hours in 
fueh agreeable Speculations. ; . 

jtff. You have feen the Body of an Infeft, actsom- 
iBo^ted to die furprifing Inftrument* When, in this 
Situation,^ die Animal 'was pricked by. a very fine 
Niedie; your Eye, yoiir naked Eye, juft perceived 
the Pi^»^rv 3 and difcovered, perhaps, z'Spekof 
* Ilicjifture oozing 6xMn this Orifice. But> in what 
Manner were they reprefentcd, by the magnifying 
Inftrument? . 

Hhar. The Puo6hirc was widened into a frightful 
Gajh. The Sped: of Moifture fweHed into a copious 
Stream 5 ' amd Sowed, like a Torrent from the gaping 
Wound. An Ox, under the facrificing Knife, fcarcg 
looks more bulky, or bleeds mor^ largely. 

AJp. Don't You apprehend my Defign f'-^If We^ 
ihort-fighted Mortals, and almoft blinded with Selfr 
»iove; if JVe cannot but be fenfible of our Faults^ ; 
how flagrant muft they appear, in what enormous 
Magnitudes, and with what aggravating Circum- 
ftances,, to an Eye perfedly pure, and infinitely 
penetrating ? 

B b 3 Inftead 

374 T^J AhQ^$iE yill 

Inftead of attempting to extenuate pur O^enpei^ 
let Us make fomc fuch improving Rcfleaipns^— 
*' If tlii^ holy lu^x ^hi?h profeijHts .the jaaici,iiteft 
<* Failure, , form the Inidi<anic;U^ Jfjthjpay-di/cCTAr 
« ing GOD, whp fifts oiM-Cpndvi^.^vep to.the 
" fmalleft Defect, be the Jucl^e j a^4 ?Hr S^'^^^ 
<* Gqodnefs^ which abounds .with Jipjjerfejftipns^ 
*'. the Plea J what can We expeft, ^at^th^ ^^cifivp 
« fjojur, w^enthp LORD ttiM Jay jfu^^f^^fp 
** the Line J and Righteoufitefs to the EJumm^.f?'^ 
^* Sujrely, this Cftnfideration fbouldjndine lis,, to 
'** adopt the wife and ardent Wifli of the Apqftlej 
*' Tiat We may now, in this pur Pay, win QH^IST^ 
" andj at the laft tremendous Audit, jbe found in 
"^ Him\ Jtat having our^ own Righteoufn^Sy w,hicib is^f 
*f the Lawy for the Foundation of .our Hopes, bui 
** the Righieo^fnejs %vhtch is of GQI^^ by Fa^th in 

« jEiv$c$Rnx\r.. . ' "'." '^, 

Confider the Law in its nobler Capacity, as enjoin* 
ing whatever is excellent. — Can You hope, Theron^ 
to be juftified by it, if Vou fall fhort of its Demands, 
not barely in a few Inftances, but in euety AAfori of 
your Life, ^nd every Temper of yoiir* Heart? '* " 

Ther, Such a Hope, cheriflied amidft fuch 'Cir7 
cumftances, would be failacioirs and ab'furd«r--:But X 
truft^ i am not fo very faulty, or rather fbentirely 
abandoned, as your Interrogatory fuppofes. 

Jfp, Have You duly examiaed the Spirituality of 
the divine Law ? — ^It is ftyled, an incorruptible Pic- 
ture of the High and Holy ONE, that inhabiteth 
Eternity. It is, doufctlefs,'a Copy of his abfolufe 
Reftitude and fupreme Peifc£lion. It is a bright 


- * Ifai. Tcxvifi. 17. f Phil. iii. 8, 9. 

tWM^fcSlnedtfonof Ws yncjfholy WiH.— It hot trSy 
IJtfeftriBes are cxterti^ Dikies of ^4ghid6t^rneirs anil 
ll^Biiefti Wit taKs for flie mdft-tipHght fiiiagiiia- 
mtt§ ^a devout' A#eaH>tt$.-^N^, it infifts u^ok 
4W 135iercife of every Virtue, ItA ihat in tlie highe}i 
Ofegrte:^ tdve t^ GOBj withbut the lekft Ltrke- 
iMarmnefe; and ttjve to ouf'N«ffghbour, withbirt 
a^ X?iifcSiidh«fs^* i'Sanftity of Dtfire, that'fcnWs 
fib StaM^' Wd ati Integrity of Behaviour, that in- 
t^es"t*hatfetrer is /^'^j^', jufiy atiA ^-^bii— In Ihort ; 
it requires Us/ to' The peffeft, rt;^ ^rx ^wr T^fHEk 

tJd atny of your Aftioiis come up tb tfiis ejcalted 
Standaird ? Are any of your Graces thus jrefiried ? ' 
^"Yj^fK' Ami then abfolutely an InfolvenU befc^e 
tl^ great LORD of the Univcrfe?' Have 1 no 
Lamb in my Fold, that is without a Blemifli ? No- 
thing in my Life, nothing in my Heart, but what 
is defedlive and defiled ? 

B b 4 Afp. 


Matt.y.jfit Our LORDy having explained fe- 
veral Coniman4ments of the Lawt fums up w WJiole, 
and gives Us tke Spirit of all, in this moft refined Pre- 
cept ; Be Te perfea emm^ &c. IF the Reader pkafes to 
take this PaAage into Confideratton^ He will have a more 
fatisfaflory Apfwer tp Thergn^s 01pji?3ian> concerning 
the firft Motions of evil Defire ; more fatisfaftory I mean, 
than was fuggefted in the preceding Pages. There, the 
Reply tornea upon human .TdHmony; Here, it refts 
upon divine Authority. ' ' 

I hope, the candid Reader will, . on other Occafions, 
remember this Obfervation. ^nd if, at any Time, the 
fi^ongtft Reafons are not immediately afligned ; let Him 
fuppofe it poffible, that they are omitted in one Place, 
only to be introduced and urged^ perhaps with greater 
Advantage, in another, 

FWa^ue diferetf l^ prajem in Tmfus emtUt* Ho a. 

3}6 . Djli A JU 9} G^ tn E' ;VI1L 

ti^ji^f^oii^tllttfetlie C$(fi4Hio«^idic moft^itrcpicmckr 
able Perfon on Earths ^Tlusstiaiftni^ptirkSti'm^. . 

thjit Qbe}i^ Ib^ 4iviflK LatRr^ 'tnirafilftbty 'and com<* 
cQmpJist^ly«. . ^t>d|» fae&cl^ the T»biaud«f:GOD^i 
nothing paflbs/for'. Righf»oi<Qe£^. butLa camf^^ 
an^ />biQ)ttt#^ Qbe^iMcr^' v ■ • : ^ m - 

jCaAi yijMlr £)^iil|lon4hevl^niii8y^Mnhiob;afr(^ » 
joine(}.tf>.thQfe bcaiitiAri JPniiltr^ ' Howdsgant it tfar ' 
Engraving I. How^v^cmztsitetSt^ LettotBl The v 
Stiroke^ mi9ft deltcatelf finp ! Their Sliiqye.niofi ex^ i 
zdiy true !-«-4iet me aik Yoti to tmnforibe theJirwith * 
Yaur PeiT)$ and-make the Gopy «qual to die Ori-^ '• 
g/nal«.. ^refonre.aU4^eiio1ikLBoldndri«)f lieiZ^u^ 
Sc^mp) vaod^ll the graoeftti ScRftitcift t)r theikiM. 
To^^cj^,-*"W^lat? Could YottnoteoDecqte this Taflr^ 
even in^ypur.prefi^At unimpained Hfealtfa^ andwth 
the JE^rtioa of all your Skill ? .Hoyr 0ii(feinbIy<then 
mufl You fall Oiort, if your Eyes were dint wkh 
Ages if your Hands ftook with a parnUiU DiToiv . 
der ; and your Underftanding was qpifreflfed ,w)tb ar 
lethargk Pulnefe ?— Such is really the Cafe wiidkjie- 
gacd.^Q ftU ,the. Children .«f Mep*-. Our N^tire ia 
depj|;sived ; f»ur moral . AhUitiet^ are - enervated r ^nd 
our intellectual Faculties clouded. And can We, 
in fuch a State of Impotence, tranfcribe that facred 
Syftem, which k the very Iihage ofi.GOI>-'*<ranf-^ 
cribe it into our Tempei^s, and render if legible in 
our Live^, v^rithout. dimijjiifhing one Jot or Tittle 
of its perfeft Pqrity .? .».,.... 

TifT. Though I fell fliort, there arc Chf ifttaiis of 

ft much higher Claft. Chriftians,' I don't doubt, 

who have theTc taws. written on their Hearts i all 

5 whofe 

1>I ALaCir^D VIII. 27f 
vfhAhTcmftts «re eafr imo tliis heavMly MciMw 
Noll 4m I myfelf tritkovt iio|»te' 9t making mot^ 
iv^gAfcntMe^AAqiiiQdS in Holfiiefs. - ^ / 

i^'.Ma^ydmr/Hopes be qttlckeaed inlo ^PigorMi 
Endeoroiuv! AiidyourEivdeairottrsbecrQivvnedwidi 
abilii^iu3iicoeis!i^WhtttYett&p|^e) coi^cemiiHg 
v^tmiwenftChriRUais^ I caniiot wholly admit, nei^ 
ther do I wholly deny. Th^^may hzvW all tHA 
Teoipersicafl: iiftathe heavenly Mo»ld : but thtk^ 
thtty^ ar<)'OQ!|ifi)niied' to the &fared Pattern^ only im 
PoKt. Thom it 4 Refemblancr r yet aotrubfa » that: 
dear and ift^idy NUrirdr (pmnting to a fine Gioa 
iDveTthe€htniaey-pifiee) nchjfaits ; but ftich n feme 
turbiilen* and mudffy Stream tefic&s^-^If the Bueafl* 
of ^efe^eminent Chriftiaiis were formed on the Mo^ 
delof JDrs/kr's ^ Houfe ; I Tiexily thmk. You would 
havea lower Opinion ofdieir AcquiTitions^n Virtoei* 

Diwiiy whom OOD himfUf ^ignifie^ with the 
moft exalted of aH Charaflers,- and ftyles a Man af- 
ter Us own Heart f; who^ to a moft inflamed L6ve» 
added a moft accurate Knowledge^ of the divine Tef«» 
timoiile*; was deeply fenfible of the Truth, I wouU 
inctdcafle. ■ Afteran attentire Contemplation of the 
Sublimity, tho£xtent, the 9an£ti ty <rf theife heavenly 
Inftittites^ He breaks out into this humbling Excla- 

. ' « Btiationj 

* When Drnfitu a noble Rmnani was deliberating upon 
n Model for his ocw Houfe ; the Arahitc^ offered to 
build it in fuch a Tafte, that no Eye (hould overlook 
any of his Rooms.—** You quite miftake my Inclination, 
*< faid Drufus. I am for the very Reverie of your Plan. 
<* I .woftld have my Hbuie fo contrived^ that every Pa(^ 
5* fenger may.fee> whatever ia v^nfafied within.'^ 

t For the Propriety of this Chara£tef, and it;5 Cor- 
lefpondence with the Perfon» let me refer the Reader to 
a Notft .in Diakgui I. /. 27. 

^ Pf A % O tJ.E T«f; 

.iaa*i«i} << ifiP*> ^/fv *?* *w V^. ^f^j^f^^ 

«^ rifie^ Soul) examined %.^U<i!«M&^^ 

37vr. I cannot fe» ife]iei Rtt^A^i ff^ 4iffr9Mlini hx^i 
fmn Hifttw^f t0 Aiofa aa eictr^vagtrit |>rgr^^ Mtl 
.r#aB(^Ag4nui)W Works ^mQngfikGif^^M^i:fThmgi^. 

J^^ Do You tS^ t^^R^aibfi of tiliHES RMMftftf aMr>} 

Xnu^ fut^t$fy and exUnfiue Sea-(^ of dh^ 1^9^^ jbut 
|»y a fal^> debaicd, m4 mutilati^ lo^fiiiiMacMKi!; 
'hecame baugbty in his qwa Cw$deic» m^ tb^pefom 
jibownatle in the Si^t of G.QP.^r^^af .H^ 
j^wnpp^ting bi? own Praife.; /.w i?^ Rx^mmm^ ^- 
MufUnr t- Tl^is, tl^ pooir v^in Crea^r® feijtt^ed, 
was a fafficieot Ojbedience, p^i4 to th^ fi^nd_ Tat^ 
fteeHiipiUl] jQurutUAg i^hU o«l^ni92.^I^r]^Pil|f{|fs};^ 

♦ Pf^l. xix. 12. + l^ukiB xviii. ii, 

t This feems to give the genuine Signification oJ? w 
t41»^«» «•' *»6?«9rPK> Luke xvi. 1 5^. Not that ivh'ch is higbh 

fffem^p ^mf ftif^i^P' 'i'tus FrojDofitkw, takm m this 
enfe, 15 neither nf^dTiU'.ily aor univ^faUy tr^e, Tte 
Mceknefs of Mo/es, the Fortitude ofjajbua^ the Wifdom 
of Solomon^ were highly efteemed among thofe very Men, 
to whom our LORD addrelTed his Difcourfe. Yet none 
pjuj fappojfe, that the Endowments of thofe iliuftrious 
Ppiifonagos, wene a» JhrnbiAiiow in the Sight if GO D*-^ 
Whereas,. whatever is JbigH? atii lifted up, haughty and 
conceited; evtry ScntijBent of Self-admiration, andaU 
the Fruits which ipjrijig from that bitter Root; dide are 
t^rt^iwfy aod invtariaUy Objedb of the divine Ablmrreiice. 

I think,, vlierefore, the Sentence ihould be tran^ated, 
^>hat "which if vatA and affiming ; not among, butixr Afr/r, 
ix) tbair Spirit a^d Tempeu*. This Interpretatian n nodt 


If4/it^ in'thiWM ; / pve Tfiies of ^ Aet I 
]^#/J *- T\mp He fooliibly ^ipagUsi:)!^ wjks tlA^ 
iilomplmiucerwidi ^e Inji^^ioiis q{ the /ir^ Table. 

jadwifion, wi^en He had the AiTursuice ^o dediure ; 
JU ihefe Things J which arc prefcribed by the^divin^ 
JLow, ha^ / k£ft fir^m my limh up f. 

A oKure peftrleiu Opiniojn^ it is (carce poffiUe &>t 
the Mind of Ms^n -to emeitain. Nor can any Thing 
appear moreegregioiUly miftsdcen, if We confide^ 
the v^ cmprebinfiui Scope of thefacr^d Erecepts. 
That they require an ixa€f Conformity, in every 
Particular, s^nd every Pon^ilio. That they require 
the utmoft Perfe£^ion of every Duty, and forbid the 
leaft Degree of every Si©. 

Ther. Remember, Afpqfio^ what the Apoftle ha$ 
declared $ Not the Hearers^ but the Doers fif the Law^ 
IbetU be juft^ed. The Doers of the Law \ this ihews 
t^e Poffibility of performing its PreciEipts. Shall be 
jujiifkd'f thfe proves, that Jufttfication is by Obe-* 
dience. This one Sentence ieems to demoliCb, 
whatever You hav^ ])een building on the Subjeft, 
. jffp. Jt 4s ftrange to obferve, that fome eminent 
Commentators faaviC agreed with Tberon^ in givjuag. 
the fame inconfiftent and uncomfortable Turn to 
tfne Apoftlfs^'fi Exjpreffion. Gravely jtejling Us, that 

« tha 

fuitablc, not only to Fa6t in general, but to the Import 
of this Word in particular. See Rom. xi. 20. Whiere 
it o<;curs in a iioular Acceptation, fcn o^l^i^f^oM^ JS^ nat^ 
bfgb-mind^.-^t feems alfo heft to quajdraite witji the Tc-* 
nour of our SAVIOUR'S Reproof; Te are they thai 
j^ft^fy Yourfd'ves btfore Jlf«r, but all fuch arrogant At- 
tempts, and every fach elated Air (which conftitute the 
n «4iiV>^ the nK>ft holy GOD beholds with Detefiation. 
* liQke xviii. 12. fMatt. xix. 20. 

^^ t^ I At O GXJ E ^ Vlff; 

'«< ^e Doers of the Law, ^o fteadlly dhdHAMbf mtf ^ 
^^'^ in the Tenaur of their LWts^ ^Gt agreenWyto 
«* itsPrecepts^ they, and they only, ftall'^jiJte- 
^ fictf in tte Ifcy of firtal Audit and Atcoritat/^ * 
Thfelcall tnconjifienti Becaufe, kis diahieti*f- 
^!y bppbfitc to St. fiatuN Aflertibn ; By the fTtfrls 
^tbtLaw^ flialf no'Man Ihfkgie jttfiijiei. VhcoihT 
'pttitble^hectvXe^ If tWswas the Methdd 'of Jfirfti- 
feufdti, it would Aut the Do6r of Hope oft all 
iBattKrid.— Whcreaj, tht Scope oF the ApbRJe w, 
Bot ■fimpl;f to flicw, in what Manner Sinner^ arc 
|ttftified before GOD; hut whatfs requiiitc to then" 
3Hftifi<iati6nv according to the Tenour of the divine 
lla:y^: Whifch demands, hot any Performance, tiit 
a complete Obedience* Difcharged with all the 
Heart, aind ail the Strength ; without aftj^Deficiency 
in ASiort^' or any Irregularity of Inclination. SuA 
Obedience if any Man produces. He fhaH be ac- 
counted juft, even by the Sentence of the Law.-^ 
Biit when did the Sun' behbld^fuch a Perfon ? Or 
what Annals hare recorded ftrch a Ch^raSer f ' 

^er. h there nothing valuable then in Riegula- 
ifey of Condba, and Integrity of Heart ? Nothing 
▼aluahle, m oiir ASs of Chariiy^ and Habits of 

" Jflp. From our Fellow-creatitres they ftand ihti tied 
to Refped, Imitation, and Qratitude. But before 
h^iie Perfeftion, they muft drop their Claiih, and 
lie predate in the Duft j imploriiig Forgiyenef*, not 
dutUcngiog. a Reward. We aU 4iibern a Beauty 
and a twinkling Luflre in the Sfearsy wheli viewed 
nni^ Ac Shade* of Night. But, when the magnl* 
^cent Source of Day arlfes, their Beauty vanifiics;| 
tibeir Luiire is Darkoefs* Sucb aice human Accom* 



DIAliOGSUfE^ yUf. :^i 

.^r.l>€ih^J4 by Hhe.^pkcci^g 5]!?, pf tbf fifprcqielf 

T^fi^, McthiiUcs, ^bNotioa,€on$oifs^ 
fe^QOCe of Qood -anA Evilj smd, . by. rcoicri^ all 
4^ur Adiom bJamiahier would, reudor tkcm all 4i£ff. 
Thj^ is Icvdlipg witb a Witacfs ! 

.^, It reo^e/s them aU equally incap^bl^^ 
conuucjading j^s ^,pur MAKER* , It fap, iuidi 
(b doBs^e Tenour of the Law^ and fo does d^s 
>yifdom of GODi, Iwiil dicUure ihy. Rightoiafii^ 
and thy Works, i t^at^ .jn tie gran4 Article of Jufii- 
ficatiooi. //?{)? JbaU ml profit The *. For thi« Pur- 
pofe^ nothi^ is good, nothxjQg eiFe£lual» but the 
Aaio^is of one M&n, that is CHRJSX. . 

AH that We perform, iowcyer /peaous \t nmf 
feem, is yery far Jbort of our elevated Rule, Then?^ 
fore, cannot procure the di^iiie Favour, or intitie 
Us to the Kingdom of Heaven,.— Nay, if, GOD 
fliould enter into Judgment with Us, on die Foot 
of our own Performances ) He would difcover fuch 
Defeats, even in the chiceft Inftances of our Obe- 
dience, as muft gender them Matter, of, CondemiWr 
tion t, not meritorious of Applaufe* 

Be pleafed to obferv« this'Penknife — What cj^n be 

more ex^juifitely keen, than the Edgej^ ox more nicely 

poli&ed, than the Blade ? But, how do they appi^, 

when beheld through one of thofe Microicopes ? 

♦ Ifai. Ivii. 12. 
t To this Affertiott St. Cyril, iit Concert wiA*Jirenl 
Miwr Fathers, beats a very expreft Tisftimomy : Alk ifin* 

mfifufTot^ofjufH Tf »ej fia^Mi^dioq 3fi», E^uen thofe of vjtrA^ionM^ 
*whichfeem to Be perfurmed in a right Manner ^ could not efcapt 
Cenfitrt and Bhme^ if G OD fhould hutfligbtly exmhie, k 
briBg them to the tefi. 

iu f A L o G u E int 

. *>^. 'The' t\i^ Mi fhitp tHah the Woocfman^s 
Alh Of rather ihorc bluht than his Iroii Wedjji^ 
The Polifh refemblcs a Mafe of coarfe isiet'al, rucfely 
hammered on the Anvil. 

J^p. rifow very delicate is the Cambrick, which . 
Ibnns yoiir RuiBes ; and gives fuch an orni^nfent4 
Air to your whole Drefs ! Nothing can bef fitil5S% 
than the Threads j or more cxad, than th^ Tex* 
fure. But what is their Appearance in a microfcopic 

Thir. You Wduld take the fine Threads for hempen 
CorJs; and would almoftbe pofitive, that they had 
been wattkd together, by the cliiliify Hands of die 
Hurdle-makfer ; rather than cUrioufly wove, in the 
TVrtift's Loom. 
' Jfp^ That lovely Piede of Enamel, which makes 
jf Part of your Lady's penfile Equip^e, quite charms 
the Spe£fator, with the Juftnefs of ite Figure, an4 
the Radiancy of its Colours. But— 

Ther, Undef the Scrutiny of this fearching Inftru'- 
ment, it tofes all its Elegance ; and inftead of win- 
liing our Admiration, provokes our Contempt. It 
looks like i Heap of Mortar, phiftered on by the 
Maibn's Trowd. 

Jfp. You fee then, TheroHyVs^h^t grofs Indelicacies, 
what bungling Inequalities, this fupplementary Aid 
to our Sight difcovers, even in the moji finiJbedVf'oxks' 
' of human Art. So, and abundai^tly more, does the 
immaculate Purity of GOD, difcern Imperfe<ftion4 
in our mofl: upright Deeds, and moft guarded Hours. 

Therefore, though the Apoftle could oonfidently- 

declare, Iknmxj nothing' by mjiftlf', I am not con/cious 

iifanyRemiflhefs, or anyUnfaithfuInefs, in theDif- 

diarge of my Office. Tet lam mt, he adds, thereby 

4 M- 

jttJHfed*hAttht LORBT ilgi»eJtterthM myCQn^ 
fcienc^^ andf msqi; efpy jx^any a Failkre,, whem I m^w 
iialf can fee wthing faulty, ^ , . 

1 feid mmacttlat'e I and 1 6iight tcf haVe faid niorc. 
Aflge^s, arid tHe Spirits of'juft Men itede ^ktkQ:^ 
«F^ eii<fo\red witH immaculate, but thfe LORD^ 
JB HOVi*H iS-pdlftflfed of infinite Purity.— H^ve' 
Y^corifiderWthWAftributeofthe GODHEAD, 
Thertmf ', '" 

TB^-. I have ; arid not without Amazetnentf^attfae^ 
dWttttltogi th(?awftil Dfefcriptiort^ <i»f it, WKifch oecut 
in thfefetred Writings— GOD is not only Koly," . 
but, -as the Lawgiver of the yews very fublimeljr 
eiiprcffc»HI«iiHF, ghriius tnHoUnefs f . Thfe facred 
P^nmcni treating of this illuftrious Perfeftion, feert* 
td labour tlfe important Point, They indulge t^c 
IdftiifftFKghts of Imagination ; they employ thie bold« 
cft>Pig(afdsrdfi Speech-; arid add the moft glowing Co- 
lours of Eloquence ; nor without ffequeifit'Acknow- 
Iddgmtents, that all the Force of Language, is abun^ 
dandy t^f> feeble^ for the- unutterable Subjeft; 

Oiiex>f the Prophets, addwffingthe KING eter- 
nal, irttoctttal, invrfibi^, breaks out fnto tills extatfc. 
Exclamation; O LORDy my GOD, my ROLt 
(INEr Thm art of purer Eyes, than {to allow, fhall: 
I fay ? This Is an Afcription of Pi*ai(e, unfpcakably 
too mean for thy futpaffiAg Excellency. Thou att \ 
of purer- Eyes, than) 'to look upon Evil, and cavjl not 
h^eitd' Iniquity J.**— Anothfer, wrapt into a prophetic . 
V!fiort,fcfes the &f^W^vfeiiing their Faeesi, inTofceh ' 
o£pr6'ft)UildHumilititioni hears'thofeSonsqf Ardour . 
andX^ove, crying,, in loud refponfive Strains ; Holy^ 

* I Cor, iv. 4. t Exod. XV. II. % Hab. i." 13. 


jaijy Hdj is tbi LORD GOD rfSaha^th •* So 
Imifceiidently holy> fays another devout Worfhipcr^ 


• Ifii. vi. 3. The Poets, and Wtiten of a bold Inia- 
ttnation» are particularly fond of Machimry ; of intio- 
Sf^uig celeftial Beings, in order to eive fome peculiar 
Dignity to their Plan, or fome ad£tional Strength to 
^ir Sentiments. With inimitable Propriety anid Em* 
phafis» is this Species of fine Wiiting ufed in Scripture* 
fifpedally in the Paflage quoted above* 

Let us confideiw- Tiie frindfd Objeft. / fam the- 
lORD I die fupreme Jw%e, and the everlafting King. 
Manifeiling Himfelf to the Eye of my Mindf in a Form 
confammately venerable, yet emblematical of his future 
Incarnation**-^///;^ ufon a Throm ; expreflive of that 
Sovereign Power, wkich ruleth over all ; and prefigura- 
tive of that auguft Tribunal, from which He will pro* 
KPimce the irreverftble Sentence.—The Throne was bigk 
mtd lifted up ; like thofe divine PerfeAions, which are 
tpo high for human Gomprehenfion, and are exalted 
above all Bleffing and Praiie.-— ^iV Trmn^ or the Skirts 
of his Robe, filled the fempU. They extended themfelves 
through all the facred Edifice; reprefenting thofe Difpcn- 
iations of Mercy and Judgment, of Truth and Equit^^ 
which pervade Heaven and Earth* Which take their 
C6ur(e throu^ Time ; and will be prolonged to Eternity. ' 

Let Us obferve the ittfirhr Ptrfonages. Thefe are the 
Sirafhimi pure and active Spirits. Likened, by the 
Pfalmift, to Flames of Fire ; ftyled, by the Apoftle, Do- 
minions and Principalities of Heaven* Who excel in 
Strength and Wifdom, in every great and (hining Ac« 
compuniment*— Their Attitude. They wait around the 
KING immortal, feated on his Throne: they are in 
the higheft Elevations of Honour, yet at the Footfiool of 
JEHOVAH. Thtyfiandy arc in a Potture of Service : 
with their Wings outibetched, ready to fly at the firft 
Signal. It is not (aid, with their Eyes reverently caft 
down ; but with their Faces covered-; to denote the deepe^ 
Self-abafement. Like Creatures, that are confcious and 
aflMimed of their own Meannefs ; or elie overcome with 
the ixifupportable Glories, which beam from uncreated 
Maje%. — Their A^iou. They celebrate, not in cold 


I 5 t A L 5 G It E \^iii. 38^ 

' i^the evcrlafting GOD, that all-created Glory i$ 

totally cclipfed* in his Prefencc; ffe lotTieth to the 

i Mooftf 




t^onverfationy bilt v^ith ra{>turoui Songs i liot with fingte 
Voices, bat in a grand Choir {px ^K nt, fee i^, Ixxxvii. 
|, 6.) the moft amiable yet ti-emendoas Sandity of the 
LORD Almighty, — Their Speech. Though imprcflcd 
ftnd penetrated with the prodigious Themes they attempt . 
tiot to defcribe it; Impra^cable that^ even by the 
Tongues of Angeli 1 They exprefs themfelves, therefore^ 
in the Language of profound Adoration ; in repeated, in 
reiterated Acclamations to the ineffable Attribute 1 Holy ! 
Bdy! Holy /'--'The EJeSs of the Vifion. Tl» Pofts of 
ihe Doo^, (hake at the Voice : the ponderous and mago- 
iiificent Pillars of Brafs (iee z Chron* iii. 17.) tremble 
like a Leaf* 

tVlnle Ctouds begiA 

To darken all the DomCf and Smoke to roll 
Ih dufy Wreathsy the Sign of Wrath awaked* 

The fpacious and beautiful Houfc ; monming, as it were^ 
tinder the Marks of divine Indignation ; joins with the 
trembling Columns, and adoring Seraphs, to tell the 
though tlcfs World ; What a fearful Thing it is, to fall info 
the Hands of the limng GOD I — The Prophet himfelf is 
ilruck with Aftonilhment ; is overwhelmed with Awe ; 
[ and cries out, ** at a Woman in her Pangs." — Can an/ 

Thing be more enlivened and alarming ? More delicately 
or more fubliraely imaged ? 

If I ihall not trefpals upon the Readcr^s Patience, I 
would beg Leave to add a Remark, concerning the Word 
Sahaoth* Which, though a Hebrew Bxpreffion, is retain- 
ed in that admirable Hymn, intided TeDewn ; and which 
fomc People, I am inclined to believe, inadvertently con- 
found with 6ahha(h.-^T\iQ latter fignifies the R^/l of the 
feventh'lJay; and, in this Connexion, yields a Senfe, 
not very appofite, and comparatively mean^ Whereas, 
the former denotes y^r«/>j or Hojls ; and furnilhes Us with 
an Ima^e, truly grand and majeftic ; worthy to be ad- 
mitted into the Songs of Seraphs.— It glorifies GOD, as 
the great, uniVcrfal, uncontroulable SOVEREIGN: 

Vol. I. C c v/hor 

.^«« D I:A L O G U E ym. 

Mtorty and itjhineth not ; yea^ the Stars are not furt 
In his Sight *. And his very Jngels, thofe refined 
and exalted Intelligences, Hexhargeth with Folly f- 

Jfp. Very majeftic Dcfcriptions ! — And pray let 
Us obferve the Imprefllons, which fuch Beamings of 
the divine Effulgence made upon the Saints of old.-*- 
Mofes^ drawing near the cloudy Pavilion, the P^e*- 
fence-chamber of the HOLY ONE of Ifrael^djs^ 
with Emotions of uncommon Dread ; / exceedingly 
fear and quake %! — ^Wheh Job is favoured with fomc 
peculiar Manifeftations of the omnipotent GOD, 
fee his Pofture ! Hear his Words ! I abhor myfelf^ and 
repent in Dujl and AJhes ||. How ftrong is the Lan- 
guage ! How deep the Abafement ! When Ifalah 
faw the iricomprehenfible JEHOVAH, fitting 
upon his Throne j apd the Princes of Heaven, ador- 
ing at his Pootftool ; fdzed with a Pang of reve- ' 
rential Fear, He cried out ; Woe is me! 1 am undone! 
For I am a Man of unclean Lips § / — When EzeJttel 
beheld an emblematical Reprefentati6ri of HIM, 
who dw^iieth in Light inacceflible : when the AN- 
TIENT of Days, veiled under a human Shape^ 
appeared to Daniel: though One was a devout Prieft, 
and each was ah eminent Prophet ; Jret, overwhelm-, 
ed with a Mixture of Veneration and Terror, they 
hoA fell down at his Feet as dead^. And this, not 


who exercifes a fupreme Dcminion over all the Orders of 
Being, from the loftieft Archangel that (hincs in Heavea^ 
to the lowed Reptile that crawls in Duft. Who fays to a 
Legion of Cherubs, Go ; and they go : — to a Swarm of 
Infefts, Come; and they come: — to anyj to every Crea- 
ture, Do this ; and they do it. See Matt* viii. 9. 

*. Job XXV 5. f Jobiv. 18. t 9^^- xii. 21. 

li Job xlii. 6. § Ifai. vi. 5. f Ezek. i. 28. 

Dan. X. ^ 9. 

DIALOGUE Vni. '38^ 

-before a full Difplay, but only before a Glimpfe of 
-the GODHEAD. Which, though partial and 
tranfient, was too dazzlingly bright, for an Eye of 
Fleih to bear. 

O my Friend! my Theron! what Figure muft ^wr 
mean Performances, our low Attainments make, be- 
fore thisjmmenfely glorious GOD ? — Let Us exa- 
mine the Behaviour and Spirit of Job^ a little more 
particularly. He is one of your favourite Examples ; 
and indeed very defervedly. For, in Piety, He had 
no Superior, and no Equal ; there was none like Him 
in the Earth. Yet, when He has ;o do with the 
MAKER of all Things, and the JUDGE gf all 
^en. He pours out his abafhed Soul in thefe very 
remarkable Profeftons : If I jujiify myfelf^ my own 
Mouth Jhall condemn me : if I fay^ I am perfeSi^ it /hall 
alfo prove me perverfe ♦•-—He declares yet farther 5 If 
I wafh my f elf in Snow^water^ and make my Hands ne- 
verfo clean^ yet fhalt Thou^ O righteous and eternal 
GOD, plunge me in the Ditch ; manifeft me, not- 
withftanding all this Care and Circumfpe<5lion, to 
be a guilty and a filthy Oreature j yea, fo very guilty 
and filthy, that my own'iClotheSy were they fenfible 
of the Pollution, could not Jut abhor mtt. 

This He confeffes, not becaufe He was confcious 
to Himfelf of any Immorality j but becaufe his 
Mind was filled with the moft affefting Senfe, of 
GOD's inconceivable Holinefs, and infinite Glory. 
Fori adds the venerable Sufferer, He is not a Man 
vs I am; but a BEING of fuch extenfive Know- 
ledge, that no individual Thing can efcape his Dif- 
cernment ; of fiiich i^x^lted Purity, that every Spot 
of Delilement is Ipathfome in his Sight. For which 
C c 2 ReafoQ, 

' • See Job ix, 20, 21. — 30, 31, 32. 


Reafon, it is abfdutely impoiltbk, that IJbcuUadf 
fuDer Him^ with reference fio my own perfonal Ri^^y 
tcoufnefs : or that We /bstdd <opic together in Judg-^, 
tpent^ on any fuch Footing, without Confuilon tp 
myfclf, and Ruin to^mylGaufe. 

To all this He fubjcrins, wfa^ is ftiil more me^ 
morable and exemplary : Though I were f§rfeQy yei 
VJoUld I not^ kmw my Sovi; I nmtJd def^ife my Lifc.-^_ 
He fuppofes Himfelf in oxhigber State, than youjp 
moft advanced Chriftian ^ :*th«ugh I were perfe£L 
Yet) ev^n in fuch a State^* were it attainable and 
attained, J w&uldnot know kiy^Soul, not dwell upon» 
not plead, no, not fo much as cherifh a Thought 
of, my own Accomplifhmcnts and Acquirements. 
In the important Bufmefs: of Juftification, they 
Should ftand for Cyphers ; they ibould be thrown 
into Shades ; they fl^Quld entirely difappear. — ^Nay 
more ; / would defpife my Lift ; my Life, with al| 
its moft fhining A<^ions and moft diftinguiflied Vir- 
tues, fhould be reckoned infigniiicant and defpicable. 
Juft as infigniftcant and defpicable^ with refpe£l to thi$ 
great Tranfaftjon, as-a wandering Spark would be, 
if appointed to difFufe Daysamidft the Darkncfs of" 
Night, o^ to produce Spring amidft the Depths of 

Ther. Thefe are alarming- Hints, 4fpaji<i> I muft 
confefs. — A Law, which condemns all vain Ima- 
ginations, and every irregular Defire ! Which re- 
quires an exa^ and univerfal Obedience, both i^ 
Heart and Life !~A G O D of fuch Majefty, Pu- 
rity, and Glory J that Men of the moft approved 
Integrity, are overwheliyied with Confufion^^ in hia 
frcfence ? — I fhall confidcr them, at my Leifure, 
Wi|li the Attention they deferve.~At prefent, I 


DIALOGUE mix. 3«s, 

believe. Opportunity is giving Us the Slip. Yon-r 
der Coach feems to be moving this Way, and the 
Livery looks like Philandir's. 

Afpafio^ defirous to fix thcf45 Convidlions^-^which 
sire of the utmoft Confe^uenc^ to our Faith and 
Salvation — ^very deikous to fix them on his Friend's 
Mind, replied. . \ ? . .i - ' 

Aff* A§ yourVlfitant:Siai:cataDifl:ancc, give me 
leave to obferve^ That the swifeft of Men, attend- 
ing to the firjl ofiiihfife Particulars *, has poured 
Contempt upon all human Excellency ; There is not 
a jufi Man upon Earthy i}?at doetb Goody and Jinnetb 
not t- The Apoftle of CHRIST takes Shame to 
Himfelf, pn the fame Account; and teaches all 
Mankind to ftrike the Sail of Self-conceit ; In many 
Things We offend all X.—>I>a^idy confidcring the lat- 
ter of thefe Points H, prays with the utmoft Earneft- 
nefs.; Enter- not into Judgment with thy S^rvanty O 
LORD! and afSigns this humbling Reafon for his 
Petition ; For^ in thy Sights Jhall no Man Ivuing b€ 
jujlified §. This induced Nehemiaby who had been 
fo nobly zealous for the Honour of his GOD, 
not to confide in his own valuable Services, but 
make Application to forgiving Goodnefs. Spare 
mey O LORDy according to thy great Mercy IT- 

Had I fet before You the Example of the poor 
Publicany who fmote upon his Breaft j durft not lift 
up his Eyes t(y Heaven,; hut cried from the Bottom 
of i polluted Heart, G OD be merciful to me a Sin^ 
ner ** / Self-lovcy might poffibly have whifpcred j 

*' Surely, 

, • The Perfe<aion of the diviae Law. t Ecclef. 

vii. 20. " X Jam. iii. 2. || The Purity of 

the divine Majefty. ^ Pfal. cxliii, 2.' ff Nehl 

xiii. 22. *? Lake XV iii. 13. 


** Surely, I am not to be ranked with that ahoim- 
^* i^ble Wretch. I ftand upon fome better Foot- 
** ing, than fuch an infamous Offender/* — ^With 
reFjieft to the Enjoyment of eternal Life, We ftand 
upon no better, upon no other; And when low as 
that obnoxious defpifed Creature, We are upon the 
very fame Ground with the moft exalted Saints. 
They all appear before the MA JEST Y of HEA- 
VEN, in the fame Attitude of unfeigned Humilia- 
tion, and with the fame Acknowledgments of utter 
IJnworthinefs. — Far, it is-a certain Truth, and ad- 
mits of no Exception ; That, to juftify Sinners, is 
not the Privilege of human Obedience, but thcfole 
Prerogative of the LORD our Right eottfnefs^. 

^her. Is not the Pra<9:icc of Hezekiah^ Exception 
to your Rule ? Thefe^ if I rccolle<9: aright, are the 
Words of that holy King 5 / hefeech Thee, O LOR i>, 
remember hem I hcn/e walkei before Thee in Truths and 
with a perfeEl Heart, and have done that which is good 
in thy Sight *• You fee. He puts the Iffue of his 
Tryal before the everlafting GOD, upon his own 
Integrity and his own Obedience. 

JJj^, Thefe are his W6rds, but they arc not ufcd 
with this View. He humbly reprefents before the 
great SOVEREIGN of the World, how bene- 
ficial his former Life herd been, and how ferviceable 
his prolonged Life might be, to the befl Interefts of 
the Jeiuijh Nation. He appeals to his Obedience-, 
not that He may eftabjifli his Hope of eternal Hap- 
pinefs in Heaven 5 but that He may obtain a Re- 
prieve from the Grave, and a Lengthening of his 
Tranquility on Earth. — Neither is this Obedience 
gloried in, by way of Merit j but only pleaded, 

* 2 Kings XX* 3. 


'by way of Argument: As though He had faidj 
** Rememher^ gracious QOD, h^w I have e^^tcj 
*' my royal Authority> to fupprefs Idolatry, to ex- 
•' tirpate Vice, and to promote thy^true Religion^ 
»*' CofifidtTy how greatly thy People ftand in need 
** of fuch a vigilant and zealous. Governors aaj 
** to what a miferable Condition both Church and 
•* State may be reduced, if Thou takeft away thy 
** Servant by this threatened but untimely Stroke* 
*' And, for, the Welfare of Judahj for the Honour 
** of thy Name, for the Support of thy own Wor- 
« fhip, O fpare nu a little /" . ' 

Afpafio paufed ; expefiing a Reply. — A« Therm 
continued filent and mufmg, AfP^fi^y "wxxix a Smile of 
Benevolej^ce, proceeded.— -Come, my Ther^n^ M^hy 
(o deep in Thought ? Have You any Obje^on to 
the Evidences I have produced ? — They are fome of 
the moft dignified Charafters, and illTf/irious Perr 
fonages, that could be felefted from 4II Ages, 
Kings, Princes, and Patriots ! Priefts, Saints, and 
Martyrs ! Should thefe be deemed infufficient, I caa 
exhibit a larger and nobler Cloud of Witncfles— >■ 
larger^ for they are a great Multitude, which no 
Man can number, of all Nations, and Kindreds, 
and People, and Tongues — nobler^ for they ftand 
before the Throne, and before the LAMB, 
clothed with white Robes, and Palms in their 
Hands. — Afk thofe fliining Armies, Who they arc, 
and Whence they came ? Their Anfwer Is com- 
prifed in one of my favourite Portions of Scripture: 
one of thofe delightful Texts, from which I hope 
•to derive Confolation even in my laft Moments, 
For which Reafon, You will allow me to repeat it, 
though it may perhaps be mentioned in a former 
5 Con- 

^ J) i A L o G tr E viit 

Converfatton; If^e art the^y toha came out of gUat 
^JriiulaitM $ ak^ have wajhed our Robes j and made 
fhem white in" the Blood rf the LAMB : therefore are 
We befdre the Throne ♦. 

Some of them laid down their Lives for the Sakd 
tof CffRiST; many of fhem were eminent foir 
Works of Righteoiifnefs ; all of them were endued 
with real Holinefs. Yet, Jiorie of thefe Qualifica^ 
tions conftituted' iS^tir Pajf^rt^ into the Regions. of 
Isndtefs Felicity. They had wafijed their Robes ; had 
fled to' the Atonement, and pleaded the Merits of 
JESUS their S AV I O U R — Hereby they hdd | 

made them iiftite\ this was the Caufe of their Ac- <•; 
quittance from Guilty and their complete Juftifica-* 
tion-i-And therefore^ on this Account, their Per- 
fons were accepted; they were prtfentied without ^ 

Spot .before the Throne ; and admitted to that Ful- 
hcfs of Joy, which is at G O D's Right-hand for 

Ther. 1 have no Objeftion to your Witnefles* 
But, ihethinks, your Do&rine is fttangely dehafing 
to human Nature. 

Afp. A Sign, Theron<f that it is agreeable to the • j 

Spirit and Intention of the GofpeL Which is cal- 
culated, as the eloquent Ifai{d> foretold, to humble \ 
the Sinner, and exalt the SAVIOUR f; The i 

* Rev. vii* 14, 15. 

+ This cont(ponds with a very valuable Mtxim^ j 

^hich an eminent Divine once recommended to his Peo- 
►le,' as XI Touch-ftone to diftinguifli evangelical Truth,-— \ 

^hat Do^ne, he faid, which tends i 

To humhle the Sinner \ x S 

To exalt the SAVIOUR^ \ 
To promote Holine/s j 

That . i 


> Lofiihefi •[Man jhall he bowed dotun, ^nd the Hflugh- 

tinefs *of A^en Jfmll be madeh^^ and jhe. LORD^ 
\ alone Jball U' exalted in ihai hay **.• ** Man, though 

r • ' «<^^num^rlcfs ;0ftejicos y fii^l ackn^}^dg« th^ Yie^ 

*' cdnlfefs the Impoffibility of being juftiiied by the 
^< Deeds of the Law f and place all hisHope upon 
^' the propitiatory Death, and meritorious Obedi* 
; " ence, <iftheZORp'^£S&S'CiikJSTJ: 

. » Tba^xDvdaan^f iMiidi tends to accoiftpliA kll iktfe 
^ !Dieiignai« Yott^^n^i^ cn^brac^^ ^ ibiui4« That wliiclf Is 

i defedive in it& In^aeiuse on anji cae of them*. Yov^ihoold . 

f «'eje£fc''as^col'rupt; ' 

^3i^ MND'^f the First Voiume, 


BOOKS imiiin hy the^kte Reverend JMr^ 
HjERvrY, Authcr of ihefe Dialogues. 

IVX PL AT IONS. Comaining, 
VoL I. Meditations among the Tombs, R^flec- ' 

tions ona Flower-Garden> and a Defcant on Crea- . 


Vol. n.^ Cofttemplatfens'oft the Night, Con- 
templations dn the; Starry' Heavens, la^d a Winter- 
Piece. The Eighteitttth Edition, neatly printed 
. frolii a Copy correScd by the Author a&ort Time 
before his Dc.Ceafe. Iii Two Volames in Odlavo. 
. Price 6 s. - 

. II, A ColIe<aion of the Rev. Mr.. Hervey's Let- 
ters : Which exhibit in their Purport, Compofition^ , 
and various Tendencies, a ftr iking and amiable 
Piflure of the Ingenuity, Learning, Candour, and 
Piety of their excellent Author. .To which is 
IMTfefixed, An Account of his Life and Death. In 
' Two Volumes. Price 7 s. bound, or 6s. ftwed. 

JII. Sermons and Mifcellaneous Trafts : Con- 
* taining, i.. Three Faft Sermons. 2. A Vifitation 
Sern^on. 3, Confidcrations ori vifiting on Sundays. 
^ 4. Renurks on Lord Bolinj^roke's Letters on the 
Study and Ufe of Hiftory. 5. The Miniftry of Re- 
conciliatbn.' 6. A Treatife on the Religious Edu- 
cation of Daughters. Price 3 s. bound. 
' . IV. Eleven Letters from the late Rev. Mr. Her- 
. vey to the Rev. Mr, John * W^fley : Containing an 
Anfwer to that Gentletftan's Remarks on -Theron 
' and Afpafio. Price 3 s. bound. 

v.. The above,, with thefe Volumes of Dialogues, 
and Letters, may be had bound in Nine Volumes, 
Price iL 8s. of John and Francis Rivington 
in St. Paul's Church^yard.